THE MICHIGAN DAILY
( tx t MYC tit
By DREW PEARSON
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
The Summer Daily is published every morning'except
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
It 'or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
siond-class 'mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular schQol year by car-
rier $4.00 by mail $5.00.
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Iomer Swander . . Mahaging' Editor
Will Sapp . . . . City Editor
MikDann . . . . . . Sports. Editor
Hale Chainpion, John Eilewi.e, Robert Mantho,
Irving Jaffe, Robert Preiskel
Ered' M. Oinsbetg
Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT PREISKEL
The editorials published in The Michigan
iail are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views' of the writers
Over Draft Age ...
S ECRETARY OF WAR Henry Stim-
son has announced to a startled
Pries that boys -18 to 20 years of age will have to
bl drafted before the war is over. Immediately,
e are to suppose, people should act surprised.
The plain matter of fact is this. The Army
*i wanted, and the Army has actually needed
that age group ever since the draft first got
under way. When Congress passed the Selective
srvice, Act they did it over Army insistence
that it be allowed' to draft the younger men.
Congress with an eye to political back fences
looked askance at the use of such youths for
tilitary service and refused to cooperate with
the Army and the War Department. It is be-
lieved in most Washington quarters that Con-
iress now recognizes the error of its way for
1*o varying reasons.
PHE FIRST is that it is afraid that it has
accomplished very little-political fencemend-
ing The second is that wholesale confusion has
reigned ever since this special age group was
lft out of consideration for compulsory service.
the Army Air Corps, V-1, V-5, V-7, the Army
1eserve, the Coast Guard, the Navy, and the
Marin'es have all competed through expensive
publicity for the services of ,this potentially won-
derful material. College men the country over
have been particularly wooed. 'f
Thus the government or its wartime per-
sonification, Uncle Sam, has been placed in
the position of'a slightly confusedsuppli-
cant, not knowing what or *here men
ltoW MUCH BETTER it would be if a uni-
versal draft decided all questions on a basis
of 1) need, 2) ability, and 3) preference. Thu
tiii reservoir of officer material could be hand-
led in the best possible manner.
!tanding in the way of such a plan we have
only a Congress which refuses to act until after
he November elections, and a Navy policy which
refuses to use the Selective Service as a source
Congress is getting its lessons now. The Navy
may have learned something about cooperation
with the Army from Admiral Kimmel's Pearl
Harbor fiasco. Let us hope that their progressive,
but slow, education ends in a better draft policy
for these wandering,, wondering young men be-
v +n 18 and 20. -Hale Champion
New Deal Must Be
Continued In War ...
T TOOK ROBERT MOSES many
years of hard work to establish his
excllence as a city park commissioner; it took
'one line of print to establish his incapacity as
a political observer.
Robert Moses declared last week in the Wash-
44ton Post that "New Deal objectives should
bW shelved for the duration." Come now, Mr.
Commissioner, would you outdo the Old Guard
themselves? Almost every member of the "loyal
b'pposition" from Willkie down has accepted the
New Deal as an accomplished fact. Have you so
oon forgotten the 1940 campaign when Smoot-
;awley thinking was already as dead as the
!aissz-faire economy it purported to save? Col-
(This is the third and concluding MERRY-GO-
ROUND column on the delays 4n the manufacture
of synthetic rubber. -Ed.)
WASHINGTON-Most people don't realize it
but it is quite possible today to make rubber in
your bathtub, using isobutylene as a base. Iso-
butylene is a by-product which comes from the
refining of gasoline, and according to a memor-
andum by Standard Oil of New Jersey, Jan. 6,
1942, a total of 22,000 barrels of isobutylene are
being produced daily in the major refineries of
the United States. Standard Oil also estimates
that this would produce approximately 1,600
short tons of butyl rubbe per day, or around
600,000 tons of rubber per year.
Actually the transformation of isobutylene in-
to, butyl rubber is not so difficult when per-
formed in a bathtub. It is being done in that
manner every day at Bay Way, N. J., by Stand-
ard Oil. The process briefly is this. Isobutylene
is placed in a tub with about three to ,four hun-
dred pounds of cracked dry ice, and aluminum
TO THE EDIT OR
War Front Of Ideas
To the Editor: e
WE WOULD LIKE to ,point out the gross mis-
conception of education and its purpose
which The Daily has evidenced in its service
edition of last Sunday's paper. In commenting
on the drop in student enrollment in "liberal"
programs and eourses, e.g. philoophy, fine arts,
honors in liberal arts, The Daily seems to breath
easy at what it terms "the fall from the ivory
Implied in such a statement is a complete
disregard for the fundamentals of education, for
what The Daily tags "ivory tower" courses,
those concerned with principles in the abstract,
are in reality of utmost importance, especially
in times of confusion and upheaval.
STUDIES DEALING WITH the happiness of
man through an attempt to understand him-
self and his social order, far from being "up in
the clouds," are as vital to survival as are courses
concerned with the structure and functions of
airplanes, ships, and ammunition. In fact, the
importance of searching for the truth becomes
greater when man's direction becomes uncer-
tain. How, other than through studying history
and philosophy, can we obtain an awareness of
what we are striving for, since technology rightly
prides itself on its neutrality and can offer noth-
ing when it comes to making moral judgments.
For the youth of the nation to sally forth to
a life and death struggle unfortified by a
rational faith is to admit that reason plays ng
part in our cause. And if we can carry on war
without reason, what is there which differen-
tiates our beliefs from the totalitarian doctrines?
CLEARLY the need for the liberal studies re-
quires no justification, much less elimination,
in a democracy attempting to prove its intrinsic
superiority over another way of life. We are
convinced of the validity of students concerning
themselves with the war front of ideas, and we
feel that delight in dropped enrollments is in-
consistent with any practical approach to vic-
tory. Ann Costikyan
But, let us suppose for a moment that you
are right, that we need not push forward.
If'the status quo be retained, then when this
war is over don't you suppose the same God-
awful problems will recur? It is time that
we met squarely every indictment hurled
h.gainst democracy and fought tooth and
nail to root out their real causes.
For nearly one hundred years-and no less
so today - the'specter of Communism has
haunted us as does Fascism. Both concepts are
repugnant to Americans. Yet they will gain the
upper hand unless: we revitalize democracy here
so that it is no longer "decadent" in any sense
and disprove the Marxian thesis that a capital-
istic society cannot function without chronic
depressions ad poverty.
H AVING AT LEAST these ends in mind, there
should be created a special board of experts
to study and propose legislation for the im-
provement of our way of life. Such a board
ought not to be composed of Military strategists
or dollar-a-year-men or bureaucratic big-wigs
who are indispensable to the war effort. But
working simultaneously with them, a convention
comparable to that of 1789-one made up of
genuine brain-trusters--could play an integral
part in the peace to come.
Herbert Agar has said: "Peace is not the ab-
sence of war; peace is the presence of justice."
By that standard, how long will we have peace if
15,000,000 citizens remain disfranchised in a
South as feudalistic (although not so chival-
rous) as anything Sir Walter Scott might have
conjured up? How long can there be a peace,
Mr. Commissioner, if only a war of gigantic pro-
portions can solve our unemployment crises?
How long will there be peace, of the Agar var-
iety, if millions of our populace suffer from mal-
nutrition in the midst of plenty, if millions
chloride plus methyl chloride is run through it.
The rubber floats to the surface and is skimmed
By this bathtub process. Standard Oil is now
making 450 pounds of butyl rubber a day whjch
is carted off by the Army and used for gas masks.
Interesting inside fact about many of these
original rubber patents later controlled by Ger-
many is that they were discovered first by the'
Russians. For instance, the Russian Govern-
ment Chemical Journal was the first to publish
the process for making buna rubber which I. G.
Farben later is supposed to have given to Stand-
ard Oil of N. J. as its great and secret contribu-
tion to the Jersey-I. G. Farben patent pool.
All it took to get the secret of this process
was 15 cents to purchase the Russian Chemical
Journal and the ability to read Russian. Yet
Standard Oil of N.J. thought it was getting a
great secret out of Germany, a secret withheld
from U.S. rubber companies for several years.
On Oct. 12, 1939, after the war started, Stand-
ard's Frank Howard, the man who has flitted
behind the scenes in the Washington rubber pic-
ture, wrote a letter telling how he had arranged
with I. G. Farben in Holland to take over 2,000
foreign patents which the German firm held,
and keep them until the war was over. The idea
was to keep these patents from falling into the
hands of an Alien Property Custodian.
It was clear also that Standard was planning
to protect I. G. Farben's patents for it even
though the United States entered the fighting.
For Frank Howard's letter of Oct. 12, 1939 says
that the safeguarding of these German patents
"would operate through the term of the war,
whether or not the United States came in."
Now that Standard of N. J. has given these'
patents to the public by a consent decree, Wash-
ington officialdom has not been too helpful in
letting independent oil companies get the patent
The formula for one of these rubber pro-
cesses is most important, and any reputable oil
company is 'supposed to have the right to it.
However, here is the actual experience of C. R.
Starnes, president of the East Texas Petroleum
Derivatives Company, who has been camping in.
Washington for several months trying to get
a chance to convert his refinery to rubber pro-
First, Starnes says, he applied to the Rubber
Reserve Corporation, which Jesse Jones set up
for the financing and building of rubber plants.
But the Rubber Reserve referred him to the
Lummus Company, refining engineers and build-
ers of rubber factories. Carl Reed, president of
the Lummus Company, is in charge of a com-
mittee to contribute technical material regard-
ingg the building of rubber plants. !
The reply of the Lummus Company was that
Starnes should go back to the Rubber Reserve
to get the technical "know-how." So he went
back to the Rubber Reserve. This time its answer
was that he see Edward R. Weidlein of the
Mellon Institute and the Rubber Reserve's chief
Weidlein's reply, according to Starnes, was
that no one could secure Standard Oil's rubber
patents until they had been placed on the list
approved by the Committee of the Petroleum
As Others See it
On Northern Prejudice
THE. STORY of the .Atlantic seaboard camps
for Negro migrants makes chastening read-
ing for Northerners. Early this year the Farm
Settlement Adhinistration, in cooperation with
farm groups, arranged to build eighteen camps
for Negroes who work up from Florida, harvest-
ing truck-garden crops and, in Connecticut, to-
bacco. More Negroes were needed this year.
Polish and Italian laborers who have done much
of this harvesting in the North have already
been drawn into industry,
Two Virginia counties, Accomac and North-
hampton, one 9f them dominated by a canner
who apparently feared that a decent camp
would destroy his labor pool, teamed up with
Senator Byrd and had the camps withdrawn on
the ground of economy, but elsewhere in the
South the program received the warmest sup-
port. Churches and women's clubs came forward
to ask what they could do to help.
BUT NORTHERN COMMUNITIES - and
shamefully, some Northern Negroes-fought
the project. In Gloucester County, New Jersey,
a Methodist minister led the opposition. In
Burlington County, descendants of Abolitionists
and Quakers, living in small cities which draw
their incomes from nearby farms, were furiously
angry at the idea of a camp near them. Shiloh,
Cumberland County, with many Seventh Day
Adventists and Baptists (great folk for carrying
the gospel of brotherhood to China and Africa),
persecuted the farmer who had given land for a
In wealthy Suffolk County, Long Island, Ne-
groes at Southampton joined with whites in
insisting that they wouldn't have the "trash"
frnm the nuth around there. In the Connecti-
SATURDAY, JULY 18, 1942
VOL LII No. 24-S
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session before 3:30 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
All notices for the D.O.B. either by
mail or phone, should be submitted
to the Office of the Summer Session,
Room 1213 Angell Hall, during the
Summer Term and the Sumgier Ses-
sion, and not to the Office of Dr.
Frank E. Robbins or of the Michigan
Daily in the Publications Building.
Students Summer Session: College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
Except under extraordinary cir-
cumstances, courses dropped after
today will be recorded with a grade
Mail is being held in the Business
Office, Room 1, University Hall, for
the following people:
Ball, Mrs. Elizabeth S.
Boland, Dr. Grant L.
Cohen, Mrs. S.
Felician, Sr. Valencia.
Fuller, Professor H. M.
Hall. J. M.
Harrington, Cecil R. Jr.
Kinnard, Professor E. Vance
McGraw. W. W.
Morrow, Jack Sinclair
Salk, Dr. Jonas E.
Sutherland, Mr. and Mrs. George
Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts: The five-
week freshman reports will be due
Saturday, July 18, in the Academic
Counselors' Office, 108 Mason Hall
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman,
Academic Counselors. -
Music Education: A comprehen-
sive examination in vocal and in-
strumental methods, required of all
graduate students in music education
who did not take these courses as
undergraduatesat this university,
will be given Saturday, July 18, 10:00
to 12:00, Room 608, Tower.
Public Health Assembly: An As-
sembly period of all students in Pub-
lic Health will be held on Monday,
July 20th, at 4 p.m. in the Auditori-
um of the W. K. Kellogg Institute,
Dr. Haven Emerson, Nonresident Lec-
turer in Public Health Practice of
the School of Public Health, and
Professor Emeritus of Public Health
Practice, Columbia University, will,
speak. The subject of his address
is "The Content and Purpose of'Pub-
lic Health."All students in public
health are expected to be present
and others interested are welcome.
All Summer Term Students who
have not secured their identifica-
tion cards may call for them at
Room 2, University Hall.
Psychology 31. For those who
missed the recent bluebook a make-
up will be given Monday, July 20, at
7 p.m. in room 1121 N.S.
B. D. Thuma
Deans, Department Chairman, Ad-
visers and Counselors. Important new
information relative to occupational
deferment of students preparing in
critical fields has just been received
by the President's Office. This in-
formation is being mimeographed
for immediate distribution to you.
University War Board, Infor-
The Graduate Outing Club is plan-
ning a swim and supper at Delhi Sun-
day. A deposit of 25 cents is required.
The group will meet at the northwest
door of Rackham at 2:30.
The second concert of the 1942
High School Band Clinic now being
held in Ann Arbor will be presented
at 4:15 p.m., Sunday, July 19 in Hill
Auditorium, under the direction of
Prof. William D. Revelli. 122 stu-
dents from Michigan and neighbor-
ing states will participate in the pro-'
gram. The public is cordially invited.
George L. Scott, Professor of Or-
gan at Illinois Wesleyan University,
will include works of Bach, Vierne,
Franck and Sowerby, as well as one
of his own compositions for organ
in his recital at 8:30 p.m. Monday,
July 20, in Hill Auditorium. The
program is given in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements of the de-
Faculty Concert: Arthur Hackett,
Tenor, Joseph Brinkman, Pianist,
and George Faxon, Organist, mem-'
bers of the faculty 'of the School of
Music, will present a program in Hill
Auditorium, Tuesday evening, July
21, at 8:30. It will consist of compo-
sitions for organ by Handal, Schu-
mann'and Liszt, and a group of
Chopin's works for the piano. Mr.
Hackett has chosen songs by Santo-
liquido and Giulia Recli for the con-
cert. The public is cordially invited.*
Women in Education: Weekly lun-
cheon Wednesday, July 22, 11:45 to
1:00, Russian Tea Room, Michigan
League. Dr. Martha G. Colty, As-
sociate Professor of Psychology and
Research Associate in the University
Elementary School will speak on
some aspect of "Contemporary Psy-
chological Theories and Modern Ed-
ucation." Come and bring your
The Moon will be seen through -the
Angell Hall Observatory on Friday
night at 9:30-11 p.m.. Dr. McLaugh-
lin will be in charge of the public
nights, assisted by the summer term
assistant. Children must be accom-
panied by adults. The public is in-
- A War Policy for American Schools,j
by J. B. Edmonson, Dean of the
School of Education-Monday, July
20th, at 2 p.m., University High
The University of Michigan and
the War-a lecture by Dean C. S.
Yoakum, Vice President of the Uni-
versity and Dean of the Graduate
School-Tuesday morning at 10 a.m.
--University High School Auditori-
War and Post-War Educational
Finance, by Prof. Arthur B. Moehl-
man, Tuesday at 2 p.m. in the Uni-
versity High School Auditorium..
Weekly Review of the War by Pro-
fessor Howard M. Ehrmann, Depart-
ment of History-Tuesday. at 4:15
in the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is invited.
Lectures on Statistical Methods.
Professor J. Neyman of the Univer-
sity of California will give the first
of a series of three mathematically
non-technical lectures on "Methlods
of Sampling," on Thursday, July 23,
at 8:00 p.m., in 3011 Angell Hall.
Problems of Public Schools: The.
third lecture in the series on Guid-
ance and Placement will be given
Tuesday, July 21 at 7:15 in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall. Problems of Pub-
lic Schools will be discussed and
dramatized, covering the following
fields: Breaking contracts, leaving
the profession, salaries, when to ask
fn, ,p.sP Rth smerintendennts
First Church Of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division St. Sunday morning
service at 10:30. Subject: "Life."
Sunday School at 11:45. Free public
Reading Room at 106 E. Washington
St., open every day except Sundays
and holidays, from 11:30 a.m. until
5 p.m., Saturdays until 9 p.m.
First Presbyterian Church: Morn-
ing Worship- 10:45 a.m. Sermon by
Dr. James W. Clarke of the Presby-
terian Theological Seminary, Chi-
Westminster Student Guld-6 :15
p.m. Social luncheon. "Building a
New World" topic for discussion.
Speaker to be announced.
Unitarian Church: 11:00 a.m.
Church Service-"Gerald Smith and
his 'Million' "-a study in American
F'ascism by Rev. H. P. Marley. 8 p.m.
Discussion-"Our Willow Run Neigh-
bors" by Edward Redman, director
of the Unitarian work-camp in Ypsi-
Avukah plans picnic for this Sun-
day at Saline Valley Farms. The cost
will be 50 cents. Meet at 2 p.m. in
front of Hillel Foundation and plan
to be away until 10:00 p.m. The pro-
gram will consist of games, swim-
ming, meal and campfire. Only a
limited number of reservations can
be taken; they may be made by call-
ing Netta Siegel at 2-2868. In case
of rain, there will be a communal
supper at the foundation at 6:30.
"Religion and the American Fain-
ily" will be the theme 'of the Religion
Forums to be held in the East Con-
ference Room of the Rackhan Build-
ing on Tuesday, Wednesday and
Thursday from 2:30 to 4 p.m. On
Tuesday the subject will be "Relig-
ious Factors in. Marital Relations"
(Protestant, Jewish, and Catholic
participants.) Wednesday the topic
will be "Religious Phases of Family
Security in the Willow Run Area."
(Staff persons active in the area).
On Thursday "School-Church Rela-
tions in the Normal Michigan Con-
munity," will be discussed by school-
men and religious educators.
Youth Faces the World Tragedy:
The Rev. Roy L. Aldrich Th.M. of
the Central Presbyterian Church in
Detroit will speak on "Youth Faces
the World Tragedy" at the Michigan
Christian Fellowship meeting this
Sunday afternoon July 19 at 4:15 in
the Fireside Room at Lane Hall. Rev.
Aldrich received his degree of Master
of Theology from the Dallas Theo-
logical Seminary and is at present a
member of the Viiting Faculty of
that school. Kindly note the change
in time for this Sunday afternoon to
4:.15 ,instead of 4:30.
First Congregational Church: State
and William. Dr. Leonard A. Parr,
Minister. 10:45 a.m. Service of Pub-
lic Worship. Dr. Parr will conduct
the service. The subject of the ser-
mon will be "But - Are the Stars
Neutral?" On Monday at 3 p.m. Dr.
Parr will give the closing lecture in
the present series of Monday Book
Lectures. These are open to the pub-
lic. Summer School students and
vi m-t nr5n-eiallvinvitd.