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July 16, 1942 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1942-07-16

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Weather
Scattered Showers

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Editorial
Prices Soar As
Control «Weakens..

VOL. LT. No. 22-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, JULY 16, 1942

2:15 AM. FINAL

Weak German
Move To Take
Egypt Heights
Is Tripped Up
British Hurl Rommel Back
West Of El Alamein;-
Death Struggle Calms
To 'Feeler' Air Raids
Axis Center Line
Bends In Middle
By The Associated Press
CAIRO, July 15.-The Axis' third
and apparently weakest attempt to
retake the desert heights west of El
Alamein has been repulsed by Im-
perial troops and the battle for Egypt
was settling today into another phase
of feeler raids under a canopy of
ever intense aerial activity.
(While the nature of the fighting
was left somewhat vague in Cairo
reports, a military commentator in
London said the newest Axis attack
on the coastal north end of the front
CAIRO, Egypt, July 15.-(VP)-
British forces striking suddenly in
the central sector of the El Ala-
mein battleground captured an
"appreciable" number of prisoners
in a sharp offensive tonight while
Australians on the coastal road
were throwing back a strong at-
tempt by Nazi Field Marshal Er-
win Rommel to regain lost ground.
A considerable number of British
armor was known to have been
massed in this central sector of the
desert battleground some 80 miles
west of Alexandria.
The British hit the Axis in the
center while Marshal Erwin Rom-
mel was fiercely engaged on the
coast road. There, too, he was re-
pulsed and attacks in other sectors
also were thrown back
was "small scale," with neither side
showing any disposition to make it
a major conflict at present.)
The third Axis attack since the
British forces set Marshal Erwin
Rommel's forces back 10 miles from
El Alamein began at dusk last night
and continued into the dark.
The Imperial defenders had the
continued backing of the Royal Air
Force, which has maintained mas-
tery of the skies over the battlefront,
and the fliers pounded at the enemy
tank and motortzed infantry columns
in large-scale attacks.
In one swoop the RAF destroyed
all but one vehicle in a desert convoy
of 15 armored cars and transports
and one tank, besides taking the cus-
tomary toll of Axis aircraft.
The RAF also attacked the port
of Tobruk in force, sowing fires that
eventually blended into one great
conflagration.
Below the coastal strip the desert
floor actions were confined to minor
engagements of columns and patrols.
The reduced scale of the Axis
counterattacks was looked upon here
as evidence that Rommel still await-
ed full implementation for another
major effort to advance to Alexan-
dria after being stalled and pressed
back slightly in the last two weeks
about El Alamein.
British Planes
Blast German

TroopCamps
LONDON, July 15.-(,P)-Two hun-
dred daring Spitfire fighters flying
only a few feet above the ground
shot up 200 miles of the French coast
in a low-level attack today, blasting
camps, gun posts and scattering
German, troops "all over, the coun-
tryside."
A squadron of fighting French air-
men played a leading role in the at-
tack, the Air Ministry News Service
said tonight, sweeping over the cliffs
at Fecamp to attack light anti- air-
craft field artillery batteries, wire-
less stations, freight cars and troops.
The fighters sped to the attack
when fine weather returned today
and strong formations of planes
roared over the channel.
Four offensive operations were re-
ported, centering on the Etaples
area, across the channel from Eng-
land, and over Fecamp, St. Valesrie-
En-Caux, and Dieppe.

Tonight At10:30!-°-

BLACKOUT
By BOB MANTHO
When Ann Arbor Township suddenly goes black at 10:28 p.m. tonight
for fifteen minutes of complete silence, everybody in the large blackout
area is asked to :
1) Stay off the streets. Home is the safest place during the blackout.
2) Avoid grouping together with more persons than is absolutely
necessary.
3) Keep all cars parked when the whistles sound. If you are caught
driving, park at once in a safe place. Lock your ignition, set the hand
brake, leave the car and seek safe shelter.
4) Park in restricted zones only. Do not double park or park in front
of fire hydrants.
5) See that lights at home are attended. Completely screened lights
are allowed in blackout rooms if they are prepared before the test.
6) Avoid lighting cigarettes in the open.
7) Stand as close to buildings as possible if you are caught on the
street during the blackout. Do not stand at the curb or out on the sidewalk.
8) Keep dogs and other pets tied up or confined in the house during

House Naval
Group Is Told
Of Profiteers
Plan For Commissions
On War Production
Related By Executive
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 15. - The
House Naval Committee was in-
formed today that three self-styled
"sales engineers" stood to garner
commissions on millions of dollars
of government war work in a plant
which the government itself built.
The disclosure, drawing expres-
sions of amazement and concern
from committee members, came from
J. B. Decker, vice-president and gen-
eral manager of the Triumph Ex-
plosive Company at Elkton, Md.,
where the government spent $4,000,-
000 to supplement the company's fa-
cilities with factories of its own.
Decker testified that Triumph,
which operated the government
plant as well as its own, had a con-
tract with the Washington Sales En-
gineering Company of Shirley, 01-
cott and Nichols entitling the latter
to one percent of the amount of
Navy work secured for the govern-
ment-owned plant.
He said that Triumph now held
war contracts for work to be per-
formed in the government factories
amounting to approximately $24,-
000,000 and that, "on the book value"
of its contract with Shirley, Olcott
and Nichols, the Washington firm
would receive about $256,000 in com-
missions.
He reported that the Washington
company received a two and one-
half percent commission on con-
tracts awarded for performance in
the plants which Triumph itself
owns
Son Of Professor
Is Nazi Prisoner
Jack W. Dumond, 19-year-old ser-
geant and gunner in the RCAF who
was reported missing in action over
Germany nine days ago, is alive but
wounded, and a German prisoner of
war, his parents, Prof. and Mrs.
Dwight Dumond learned yesterday.
. A telegram from the Canadian
government brought the news but
gave no details as to when or where
young Dumond was downed or where
he is now imprisoned.
In letters to his parents, Dumond
told of participating in the 1,000-
bomber raids on Cologne and Essen.

the blackout. They are not permit-
ted to run at large.
9) Obey all instructions given by
the officer in charge. Do not argue.
10) See that all lights in your
store, hotel, rooming house, apart-'
ment or any other public building
are extinguished or screened so that
they are not visible from the outside.
To begin the blackout, five whis-
tles will sound promptly at 10:28 p.m.
and will continue shrieking for two
minutes intermittently. The all-
clear signal will sound continuously
for a minute and a half at 10:45 p.m.
The University of Michigan will be
Turn to Page 3, Col. 3,
N.Y.A. Funds
Cut In Half
ByCongress
WASHINGTON, July 15. -(AP)-
Its funds cut in half by Congress, the
National Youth Administration an-
nounced today its program for the
1942-43 school year would assist 107,-
000 college and high school students
compared"with 282,490 in the last
school year.
The agency said it had set aside
$8,000,000 for its school progrAm-
$5,000,000 to aid 40,000 college stu-
dents and $3,000,000 for 67,000 in
high school.
Rolls of the agency's out-of-school
training program now are being cut
from 130,000 to 70,000.
The NYA spent approximately
$123,000,000 for all operations in the
last fiscal year, but Congress provid-
ed only $60,000,000 for the 12 months
beginning July 1.
NYA said funds would be available
for employment of needy students in
college on the basis of a specified per-
centage of the enrollment. Prefer-
ence will be given to juniors and sen-
iors to accelerate the completion of
training.
Earnings of college students will
range between $10 and $25 a month.
High school students will earn be-
tween $3 and $6 a month.
Post-War Council Offers
Round-Table Talks Today
The Post-War Council round-table
discussion at 7:15 p.m. today in the
Grand Rapids Room of the League
will be led by Prof. Mentor Williams
of the English department, Prof. J.
E. Thornton of the engineering de-
partment and Homer Swander, '43,
managing editor of The Daily.
Problem to be analyzed is the fu-
ture of capitalism, with discussion
centering on government control of
private enterprise, income limitation
after the war and the possibility of
a managerial class.

Second Front'
Advocates Ask
'Quick'Action
British Report Favorable
Progress Against Nazi
Submarine Menace
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 15.-Advocates of a
second land front in Europe to help
Soviet Russia pressed firmly tonight
for quick action while British sources
reported definite and favorable prog-
ress in the battle against Nazi sub-
marines which looms as an important
factor in all second front considera-
tions.
Qualified London sources who, de-
clined to permit use of their names
said Russia was pleading again
through her envoy, Ivan Maisky, for
prompt help by fa British-American
expedition to Europe to take some
of the tremendous Nazi pressure off
the Red Army.
Russians Present Case
TheyRussians in Moscow were in-
directly presenting a case for a sec-
ond front with official reports that
the Nazis, suffering huge losses in
the battles in southern Russia, had
in the last few days hurriedly trans-
ferred several divisions from France
and Belgium to the Russian front.
One argument advanced by second
fronters here is that if the Germans
can set the stage with victories in
southern Russia, the Japanese might
attack in Siberia.
The Japanese were said to have
gathered at least 24 divisions, some
360,000 men, in Manchukuo with air
reinforcements from the home is-
lands.
Best Months
In that connection, it was pointed
out also that August and September
are the best months for campaign-
ing in Siberia.
Public sympathy for Russian pleas
for a second front now was seen in
weekend mass meetings at Glasgow
and Liverpool in which a new front
and all aid for Russia were de-
manded.
While an RAF commentator not-
ed "definitely good results" in the
American-British war upon Nazi sub-
marines, Soviet strategists declared
themselves not satisfied that the
British air offensive against Europe
was heavy enough to pull German
troops from the Eastern Front.
Board Awards
Wage Increase
'Little Steel Case' Verdict
Sets War Precedent
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 15.-An au-
thoritative source said tonight that
the War Labor Board has awarded
a wage increase of 44 cents a day in
the "little steel case" instead of the
$1 asked by the CIO United Steel
Workers.
The decision was regarded gener-
ally as a keystone in the wartime in-
dustrial wage structure.
The employer members joined
with the public members in the 8 to
4 vote, according to the authoritative
source, who declined to be quoted by
name. Labor members served notice
they would file a dissenting report.
The board also awarded union se-
curity in the form of a maintenance
of membership clause and company
checkoff of union dues.
A minimum daily wage guarantee
asked in the case of two companies
also was granted. The two other
companies in the case already have

that guarantee in effect.
The case directly affects about
157,000 employes of Bethlehem, Re-
public and Inland Steel and Youngs-
town Sheet and Tube companies, but
it is generally believed that the wage
will be applied to about 400,000 oth-
er workers throughout the steel in-
dustry. It will have an immediate
bearing upon the $1 a day wage de-
mands of about 400,000 automobile
plant workers whose cases are now
before the Board.
Murray Says Henderson
Wants Wage-Fixing Power
PITTSBURGH, July 15.-(A)-CIO
President Philip Murray today de-
clared Leon Henderson, Federal
Price Administrator, was seeking to
take over wage fixing powers from
the War Labor Board and warned
labor has "not yet given up its power
to bargain for a fair living pay."
The assertion was made to news-

Toward Stalingrad,

Soviet Defense Near DOn

Nazis Drive Soviets Back All Along Front
GORKI RUSSIA
VYAZMA MoscowO 200
- ESSTATUTE MILES
- KAW"GA
KU BYSH E
VORONEZH
=KURSK
-_ . SARATOY
BELGORD OSKOL POVORINO
??KHARKOV OSOSHR
KUPYANSK -- BOGUCHAR
- ANTEMIR~/KA
LttCHA KSTALINGRAD
- --
-.....-O4ROVSK 0 4x
TAGANRO(4
ROSTOV
ASTRAKHJ-AN
See °f
Azov
K .RCH Caspian
Sea
SEVASTOPOL
Black SeaF
German troops have broken through Red Army positions in the
Voronezh sector, Moscow said, and have forced Russian defenders to
withdraw from Rzhev, Boguchar and Lisichansk. Black arrows repre-
sent general directions, of main German thrusts and shaded area de-
notes territory held by German forces. Open arrows .point to possible
German moves from their new springboards-from Rzhev and Voron-
ezh toward Moscow, from Boguchar in the Stalingrad direction, and
from Lisichansk southward to outflank Rostov.
Teaching Fellow Declares Self
CDO®s I Sent To Civilian Camp
Daniel Suits Says Stand Is Founded -On Religious

Conviction Of War's
Daniel B. Suits, a teaching fellow
in the University economics depart-
ment, has declared himself a con-
scientious objector and is now in-
terned in a civilian public service
camp in Northern Michigan, it was
learned here last night.
He has been in the camp since last
Friday. Suits is 24 years old and took
his master's degree from the Univer-
sity in 1941 after graduating as an
economics major in 1940. He is not
listed as a member of the summer
faculty.
Suits issued the following state-
ment last night in a telephone con-
versation with The Daily:
"While it cannot be doubted by
any thinking man that basic eco-
nomic maladjustments in our present
society bear a large part of the re-
sponsibility for the national and in-
ternational chaos which has charac-
terized our recent past, I do not hold
my position as a conscientious ob-
jector on this basis.
"I hold rather a religious convic-
tion that war is a self-contradictory
and inherently wrong social mani-
festation. I believe that the only pos-
sible solution to the problems that
confront society are through active
living in the keepings of Jesus. In
short, I believe that when Jesus
called upon man to renounce the use
of violence at whatever cost to them-
selves, he meant what he said.
"Therefore, for me to take part in
the present war would cause me to

Sharp Nazi Prongs Slash

Tear

Inherent Wrongness
act contrary to the principles for
which Tesus lived, an action which
I cannot in conformance with my
conscience undertake."
Suits was classified with a St.
Louis, Mo., draft board and is now
detailed to fire fighting with the
state forest service. His wife will re-
main in Ann Arbor.
O.S.U. Prof.
To Talk Today
The place of Pan-Americanism in
the post-war world will be discussed
by Prof. Lawrence F. Hill of the his-
tory department at Ohio State Uni-
versity at 4:15 p.m. today in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. .
The damaging effects of the econ-
omic-political system of protectorates
established in the West Indian by
the United States, the tariff and
other economic stupidities and re-,
cent Pan-American ventures-since
Montivideo-will form the body of
the University lecture on "Economic
and the Future of Pan-American-
ism."
Special emphasis will be placed on
the economic aspects of Pan-Ameri-
canism, and Prgfessor Hill will make
suggestions for unclogging commerce
channels between Latin America and
the United States.

Russians Repulse Heavy
Attacks On Voronezh;
Wipe Out Tank Force
Germans Bring Up
Reserve Divisions
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, July 16, (Thursday).-
Two German columns driving in sep-
arate sectors toward the steel city of
Stalingrad have forced Russian
troops to evacuate the towns of Bo-
guchar, on the Don River in the
north, and Millerovo, on the Mos-
cow-Rostov railway supply line and
only 175 miles from Stalingrad, the
Russian High Command reported
early today.
On the northern limits of the bat-
lefront, Soviet troops fought. off a,
renewed series of German attacks
gainst Voronezh, the midnight com-
munique said. There were no ma-
terial changes in other sectors of
the long fighting line.
The official Russian press mean-
while warned that the "menace is
great" on the approaches of the Cau-
casus.
Increased Ferocity
Fighting in the Voronezh area is
"developing with increased ferocity,"
the Russians said. ":A number of
fortified positions have changed
hands several times."
Soviet troops, counter-attacking
after German thrusts in several sec-
tors, have forced Nazi tank and in-
fantry units to withdraw with heavy
losses.
Several German reserve divisions
have been rushed eastward from
IFrance and Belgium, the communi-
que said, to fill the gaps in the Rus-
sian front caused by tremendous
Nazi casualties.
At .Voronezh, where the Germans -
made their first great plunge south-
eastward nearly two weeks ago, elev-
enth-hour counter-attacks on the
south side of the city pushed the Ger-
mans back to the point where they
crossed the Don, and on the north
approaches the Russians stopped the
upper arm of an encircling move-
ment,athen threw the attackers into
retreat.
Attempted Encirclement
The Germans had attempted
the encirclement after their break-
through west of the city, accomp-
lished by large numbers of fresh
troops and hundreds of tanks fol-
lowed by automatic riflemen, had run
into stubborn Red Army resistance.
One important position west of Vo-
ronezh, together with a forest, was
reported recaptured in the Russian
counter-attacks. Russian dispatches
said also that the Third German Mo-
torized Infantry Division, which ap-
peared on the battlefield only yester-
day, had been forced to withdraw,
and was replaced by the new 168th
Motorized Division.
John Hunter Cut
Seriously In Fall
.ThroughWindow
John Hunter, 20 years old of 3600
Geddes Road, was rushed to he Uni-
versity Hospital at 11:15 last night
after he fell through theplate glass
window of the Western Union office,
122 E. Huron, and received serious
cuts on both arms.
Police said that Hunter and Peter
Trosper, 17 years old, of 924 Baldt-
wih, were scuffling over the use of a
bicycle when Hunter was knocked
through the large window, complete-
ly shattering it.
Earl Tuscany, a Mt. Clemens fire-
man who was passing by, adminis-
tered first aid to Hunter. It was Tus-
cany's first case, as he had just com-
pleted his first-aid course last week.

Pro-Axis Papers
Blasted In France
VICHY, UNOCCUPIED FRANCE,
July 15.-(A)-More demonstrations
against pro-Axis elements in the oc-
cupied zone were disclosed today as
the Gestapo and the Vichy Govern-

Petrillo Move To Ban Interlochen
From Air Draws Angry Protests

Kids Begin Tag Day Campaign
For Fresh Air Camping Frolic

Angry protests against cancella-
tion of broadcasts from the Univer-
sity's National Music Camp at Inter-
lochen continued to roll in, yesterday
from all parts of the country and
to pile high on the desks of NBC offi-
cials and James "Caesar" Petrillo,
president of the American Federation
of Musicians (AFL).
Those registering their disapproval
of Petrillo's contention that the mu-
sic of teen-age high school students
competes with professional musicians
included youth groups, political or-
ganizations, educators and musicians.
What amounted to a nation-wide

lo's union but oppose him, neverthe-
less," Church said.
Dr. Joseph E. Maddy, of the School
of Music and director of the Inter-
lochen Camp, yesterday renewed his
request that the musician's union
"more clearly" defne its stand on the
controversy.
In a telegram to Petrillo, Dr. Mad-
dy denied that the broadcasts in their
12-year history had ever "deprived
one musician of work."
"The public has been generous in
its moral support of unions and the
principles of unionism, but education
is close to the heart of American men

Ninety of the luckiest underprivi-
leged kids in the state of Michigan
will appear on the streets of Ann
Arbor tomorrow in the annual sum-
mer Tag Day drive of the University
of Michigan Fresh Air Camp.
Newly browned and fresh from
what is for many their first expedi-
tion to the world of camping, hik-
ing, and communal living, the boys
will attempt to collect $1,000-the
goal set as the necessary sum for
continuance of the work of the camp.
"The work of the camp" is a phrase
which takes in a world of activities,

lems and interests, FAC often is of
great importance in building useful
lives for boys who might never oth-
erwise have proper opportunities.
Every year FAC is flooded with re-
quests for attendance that they can-
not fill because of limited funds,
equipment, and space, but for al-
most every request granted it re-
ceives a leter of gratitude.
War has increased rather than de-
creased the duties of FAC, for moth-
ers as well as fathers are now work-
ing in factories, and are unable to
give their children adequate care.

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