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July 25, 1941 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1941-07-25

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Weather
Showers And Cooler

Y r e

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

~Iatix

Editoria
In Appreciation
To Dr. Ruthven..

VOL. LL No. 21 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 25, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Steady Progress'
Against Russians
Claimed ByNazis
Soviet Troops Put Up Stiff Resistance,
Berlin Communique Admits
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, July 24.-Steady progress in the face of stiff resistance and
despite bad roads-this was the German summary tonight of the war
against Russia.
The Eastern campaign was called a methodical working out of a care-
fully-arranged, plan. The Germans admitted readily the Russians were
putting up the stiffest kind of defense, but at the same time it was asserted
tough opposition had been foreseen.
Motorized detachments of the German forces were slowed up by bad
road conditions, especially in the Kiev area, but it was stated this too had
been taken into account.
German panzer units fighting fiercely toward Moscow were almost 100
miles ahead of infantry forces in

the Smolensk area still clashing in
close fighting with masses of Russian
troops split by the Nazi spearheads.
The Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung
said the fighting front in this sector
was more than 95 miles deep.
Cloudbursts were declared to have
turned the highways into muddy
handicaps to. German trucks, heavy
artillery and other equipment of a
modern war machine.
More German bombs were dropped
on Moscow, Odessa, the Soviet Black
Sea port and naval base, and on
the central sector of the front in the
region of Smolensk, main gateway
from the west to the Russian capital.
In the west the German air force
was doing its utmost to bring the
British air force offensive to a
standstill.
The high command exultantly pro-
claimed 54 British planes were
brought down in a few hours yes-
terday while they attempted to at-
tack the channel coast by daylight.
The RAF thus "suffered one of its
worst defeats," the communique
said. It acknowledged loss of three
German planes in the clash.
DNB, official German news agen-
cy, said 23 more British craftwere
German plane missing. ,
downed today at a cost of only one
(British sources in London, al-
though admitting the German oppo-
sition Wednesday was the strongest
yet encountered, declared their an-
nounpement of 15 planes lost against
11 German planes destroyed "tells
the whole story.")
* *
Soviet Armies Cling
To Battle Positions
(By The Associated Press)
MOSCOW, July 24.-The Red Arm-
ies were declared to be clinging today
to unbreached batttle positions, on
the right, left and center after 33
days of unending German assault
against which the defense, for the
Russian people, has taken on the
quality of an epic.
Soviet troops by official account
still stood substantially where they
stood 10 days ago, and thus the sec-
ondiNazi offensive was pictured as
ending in failure.
Failing, too, the Soviet Government
claimed, were the nightly Nazi air
raids on this capital. German air-
men struck last night and early to-
day in the third consecutive raid, but
again it Was declared there was no
military damage.
The windows of two sides of the
residence of United States Ambassa-
dor Laurence Stenhardt were smashed
by a bomb.

Rome Claims
Four British
Vessels Sunk
(By The Associated Press)
ROME, July 24.-Four British ships
-two merchant vessels aggregating
25,000 tons, a destroyer and an "un-
specified unit"-have been sent to the
bottom of the central Mediterranean
by Italian bombers and motor torpe-
do boats in the first heavy naval
action for Fascist forces since Crete,
the High Command announced to-
day.
It was a long bloody and running
attack beginning at dawn yesterday
and ending in the night, the Italian
communisue said, against a strongly-
protected British convoy steaming
eastward presumably with supplies
for the British Army of the Nile.
Seven British planes were declared
shot down against the acknowledged
loss of three Italian planes.
All Italian ships participating, it
was, added, "succeeded in ~getting
away and returned to their bases
with very slight damage."
This was the full score claimed:
Sunk-by aerial torpedoes-a 15,-
000 ton steamer and a 10,000 ton
steamer, the latter laden with ex-
plosives.
Sunk by torpedo boats-a destroyer
and "a large unspecified unit."
Bombed and damaged-a British
battleship, cruiser, destroyer, heavy
steamer, and "another unspecified
unit."
Torpedoed and damaged-a 10,000-
ton cruiser of the Southampton type
and an 8,000-ton cruiser.
Revelli Will Conduct
Concert Tomorrow
The combined forces of the High
School Cliniceand Summer Session
Bands will offer a concert at 7 p.m.
tomorrow at Ferry Field under the
direction of Prof. William D. Revelli,
Morton Gould, Dale Harris and Cleo
Fox.
Mr. Gould, who is spending several
days in Ann Arbor as a guest instruc-
tor, will lead the bands in four of
his own compositions, "Pavanne,"
"Tropical," "Deserted Ballroom" and
"Cowboy Rhapsody." At the present
time Mr. Gould is conductor of the
Mutual Broadcasting Symphony and
is known as one of the nation's lead-
ing young composers.

Discussion
Stage Is Set
For Parley
'Pattern For Democracy'
To Be Topic Of Forums
For Students, Faculty
Expressing the theme of a "Pat-
tern For Democracy-Today and To-
morrow," the third annual Summer
Parley will open its two-day session
today at 3:30 p.m. in the Union North
Lounge.
With Prof. Arthur Smithies of the
economics department delivering the
keynote address, the Parley offers four
discussion panels open to all students
and faculty members in addition to
the general sessions today and to-
morrow.
"Democracy After the War," "Eco-
nomic Problems of Defense," "The
'Four Freedoms' at Home" and "Edu-
cation in a Time of Crisis," will be
the panel topics. These discussion
groups are scheduled to meet tomor-
row at 2:15 p.m. and 7:15 p.m.
Panel leaders, as announced by
Parley Chairman Bill Ditz, are A. P.
Blaustein, Karl Kessler, Joseph A.
Yager and James Duesneberry. Al-
though specially designated faculty
members will be present at each pane,l
there will be no students singled out
to "lead" the discussions.
Presiding over the Parley's opening
and closing sessions will be Harold
Guetzkow, who has also been named
to deliver the summarizing address
Saturday at 9 p.m. Guetzkow is one
of the three student members of the
Board in Control of Student Publi-
cations.
The Summer Parley is a continua-
tion of the "round-table" discussions
sponsored throughout the year by the
Student Senate. Its avowed purpose
is to provide a meeting ground for
faculty and student opinion "unham-
pered by classroom conventions."
Excursionists
For Sixth Trip
Must Register
Deadline For Cranbrook
Journey To Be TodAy;
Expenses To Be $1.25
Students wishing to make the sixth
University excursion, a trip to the
Cranbrook Foundation schools in
Bloomfield Hills, must register by 5
p.m. today in Room 1213 Angell Hall.
The excursion will take place to-
morrow, busses leaving from the front
of Angell Hall at 8:30 a.m. and re-
turning to Ann Arbor at 3:30 p.m.
the same afternoon. Expenses will
be $1.25 for round trip bus fare.
At Cranbrook, the party will see
the schools, the Academy of Arts, the
Institute of Science, Christ Church,
and, in addition, the athletic plant.
All the buildings on the estate are
noted for their fine architectural
features, and placed in settings which
add to their distinction. Gardens,
fountains and statuary are placed
throughout the grounds, adding much
to what has been described as the
finest group of private schools in the
Middle West."
The party will lunch at Devon
Gables Tea Room, for which a cost
of forty-five cents has been esti-
mated to be sufficient.
The seventh excursion of the Sum-
mer Session, scheduled for Wednes-
day, July 30, will be a return trip to
Greenfield Village for those who were
unable to come on the first trip two

weeks ago.
The Summer Session excursions are
offered to students of the Univer-
sity at a cost to cover expenses only.
Venezuelan Film
Will Be Presented
Moving pictures of Venezuelan
scenery and customs will be presented
for members of the French round
table of the International Center at
8 p.m. today in the recreation room
of the Center.
The films will be shown by Miss
Belen SanJuan, a member of the
Venezuelan delegation to the Latin-
American Summer Session having its
headquarters at the Center. Miss
SanJuan is a teacher of pedagogy in
the Teachers College at Caracas.
A talk in French explaining the
pictures will be given by Dr. Roberto
Henriquez, also a member of the Ven-
ezuelan delegation to the Latin-
Amur ran .iimm r Rpsr ion.

I-l

Kato, Darlan Confer
At Hanoi To Plan
For Army Bases
Ships Occupy
Strategic Base
(By The Associated Press)
VICHY, France, July 24-French
Indo-China will be placed under the
armed protection of Japan as the
dominant power in the Orient, ac-
cording to an agreement in principle
announced today.
Negotiations were shifted tempor-
arily from Vichy to Hanoi, capital of
the French colony,, where technical
details on bases for; Japan were to be
worked out, but in late afternoon
contact was resumed here between
the Japanese ambassador, Sotomatsu
Kato, and' France's vice-premier-
foreign minister, Admiral eJan Dar-
lan.
It had been understood any details
worked out at Hanoi would be re-
ferred back to Vichy for a final
understanding. It was emphasized
that nothing had been signed yet
and that the accord in its present
tentative form preserved French sov-
ereignty in Indo-China.
An official spokesman declared at
the afternoon press conference that
Japan had taken the initiative in
opening conversations on Indo-China
and that the French had accepted
the Japanese viewpoint,
It is represented here that the
scarcity of French troops following
the border war with neighboring
Thailand and the impossibility of
supplying even these forces had led
the French to consider proposals that
Japan be given military facilities for
defense of Indo-China.
There had been no Japanese pres-
sure or French solicitation, but mere-
ly a mutual agreement, the French
added.
:x =x =

Where Japanese May Move Next
.. . .. . ... . ... . *
- ENTSIN ... 0JAPAN
V E L1, Y Y4
CHINA NANKING ?!_
HANKOW / SHANGHAI
-t ~~*--------G---
BU)RMA-
SROAD ...........
AMo~ OOCHOW
CANTON A
PACIFIC
GON - OCEAN
S:R....N
GA ORO
NEW
lDS EAT IN-D---
4 A ::::::::: ::::.:.......................,....,......,..
Current and prospective Japanese movements in the Far East are
shown on the map above. Arrows point to Indo-Chinese objectives and
indicate possible advances on Dutch possessions in the East Indies.
Shaded area represents Japanese penetration of China.
Japanese Troops Are Fighting
* *C
For Peruvians, Ecuador Claims
QUITO, Ecuador, July 24.-(IP)-Opaper dispatches as indicating that
At least 3,000 Japanese soldiers have Japanese troops made up the entire
been seen in the Peruvian front lines Peruvian advance guard.
by an Ecuadorean officer, the gov- The second communique said Peru-
ernent of Ecuador stated tonight vian planes twice bombed the Ecua-
in one of two official bulletins telling dorean naval cutter Atahualipa with-
of continued and intense fighting out success and bombed the town of
along the disputed and undefined Santa Rosa without damage.
Peruvian-Ecuadorean border. On the ground, Ecuadorean troops
The government also quoted news- were declared to be holding their
Hipositions in heavy, fighting.
(Peru has a large number of
Lab Theatre Japanese residents. Those born there
automatically become Peruvian citi-
W ill P esent zens and presumably eligible for
W ill ure ent military service.)

FDR Hints Embargo
May Be Imposed
On Oil Shipments
Welles Attacks
Nippon's Action
WASHINGTON, July 24. -(P)-
Branding Japan's move in French In-
do-China as a threat to American
security and a step toward further
conquest, the United States hinted at
strong counter-measures today and
warned Tokyo against a drive on
Singapore, the Netherlands East In-
dies and the Philippines.
From President Roosevelt himself
came some plain-talking about why
the United States had not heretofore
shut off all oil shipments to Japan-
all in the past tense.
Policy Has Kept Japan Out
He told a civilian defense group
bluntly that this policy was designed
to make it unnecessary for Japan to
go down to the East Indies for oil-
and the President said "it has worked
for two years," thus keeping war out
of the Pacific.
But from his past-tense discussion
of American methods in seeking to
keep peace in the South Pacific, some
observers drew the inference the
President now might be ready to im-
pose a full embargo on oil shipments
to Japan and take other strong eco-
nomic measures.
His informal remarks followed a
blistering attack on Japan by Sumner
Welles, Acting Secretary of State,
which also appeared to mark the end
of American conciliation efforts and
the adoption of a -still firmer stand
in the Pacific.
Welles Indcts Japan
Welles declared Japanese occupa-
tion of military and naval bases in
French Indo-China was primarily in
preparation for "more obvious move-
ments of conquest in adjacent areas."
The Japanese move, he said, threat-
ened sources of American defense ma-
terials, endangered the safety of
other areas of the Pacific, including
the Philippine Islands, . and bears
"directly upon the vital problem of
our national security."
Welles disclosed he had used simi-
lar language in denouncing Japan to
the Japanese Ambassador, Admiral
Kichisaburo Nomura, in their thirty-
minute conference yesterday.
Sees Better Relations
The Ambassador had come out of
the conference smiling, asserting they
had approached the Indo-China pro-
blem largely from the Japanese side
and expressing the hope relations
with the United States would get
"better and better."
This hope seemed ill-founded as
Welles read his strongly-worded pro-
nouncement to a large assembly of re-
porters, including four Japanese, a
German, French, British, Chinese and
other foreign representatives.
Japanese warships arrived off two
strategic Indo-China points-Cam-
ranh Bay and Cape St. Jacques-and
12 transports were reported en route
to Saigon.

United States Hints At Reprisals
For Tokyo's Move On Indo-China;
JaDan Plans To 'Protect' Colony

Japanese
Seen Off

Warships
In do-China

(By The Associated Press)
SAIGON, French Indo-China, July
25.-Japanese warships were re-
ported off the coast of southern
French Indo-China tonight and 12
Japanese troop transports were said
to be on their way here as Japan
followed up quickly French accept-
ance of its demands for new mili-
tary concessions in the colony.
Although spokesmen for the Vichy
government declared the French had
acted "for protection of Indo-China,"
the general reaction here was that
the agreement amounted to com-
plete taking over of the strategically-
located colony by Japan.
Well informed sources reported
Japanese warships had appeared off
Camranh Bay,
Tokyo Shifts Spotlight
Toward Thailand,
(By The Associated Press)
TOKYO, July 25.-The Japanese
foreign office organ, which only yes-
terday .was urging that Japan as-
sume protection of French Indo-
China, dropped that subject today
as if it were already settled and di-
rected its attention in strongly simi-
lar vein toward the little kingdom of
Thailand.
The organ, the English-language
Japan Times and Advertiser, accused
Britain of attempting to "disrupt
the good relationship which has de-
veloped between Japan and Thai-
land" and declared Thailand needed
external support and internal con-
solidation against such a threat.
League 'Melon Cut
Will Be Held Today

Christian Truths Can Preserve
Democracy, Mathews Declares

One-Act Plays,
A program of one-act plays will be
presented by the Laboratory Theatre
of the speech department under the
direction of Hugh Norton at 3:15 p.m.
today at the Pattengill Auditorium in
Ann Arbor High School.
The Laboratory Theatre is designed
to provide additional opportunities
for student actors, directors, design-
ers and technical workers. All the
work on production is done by stu-
dents under the direction of Mr. Nor-
ton. Student directors for today's
productions are Betty Bartlett, Vir-
ginia Whitworth and Fay Goldner.
Jack E. Bender is technical direc-
tor, and June Madison is costumiere.
Dorothy Hanson is set designer. Oth-
er members of the staff are David
Goldman, Terry Finch, Vera Russell,
Jarvis Wotring, Archie Thomas and
Dorothy Haydel.
Appearing in the casts will be
Yvonne Kwoczalla, Naomi Griefer,
Tom Sawyer, Clara Gehringer, Rob-
ert Reifsneider, Margaret Cotton,
Frederick Nelson, Dorothy Durkee,
Aurelia Panfil, William Cady, Veitch
Purdom, Doroty Durkee, Margaret
Keener and Madeleine Rupp.
The Secondary School Theatre of
the speech department under the
direction of Nancy Bowman will also
present a bill of one-act plays at 10
a.m. tomorrow in the Pattengill Audi-
torium in Ann Arbor High School.
Both performances are free of charge
and open to the public.
McFarland, Oxhandler
Star In Hellman Play
Ada McFarland and Norman Ox-

S *

Peru Denies
Ecuador's Claims
LIMA, Peru, July 24.-(AP)-A high
official of the Peruvian foreign of-
fice tonight declared an official
Ecuadorean assertion that Japanese
officers and troops were fighting
with the Peruvian army on the
northern boundary was "laughable,
ridiculous and contemptible."
"The story, spreading Ecuadorean
propaganda and asserting there are
3,000 Japanese soldiers fighting
against Ecuador, almost does not de-
serve comment," the official de-
clared.

By BARBARA JENSWOLD <
"Democracy's sole certainty of not
only surviving the present situation
but of achieving world-wide accept-
ance lies in loyalty to those inde-
structible truths which find their full
expression in Christianity," declared
Prof. Basil Mathews, professor of
Christian world relations at Boston
University and the Andover-Newton
Theological Institute, yesterday in.
the Rackham Building in the final
talk before members of the Confer-
ence on Religion, on the subject
"Christianity in a World at War."
Criticising our existing economic
system in the democratic countries as
"tragically pagan in many, aspects
when placed under the scrutiny of
the Christian conscience," Professor

*

" go far deeper than the governmental
differences between dictators and
1 democrats."
Professor Mathews paralleled the
Nazi doctrines relating to religion, and
Christianity, to show that the doc-
trine of absolute race domination by
the German Reich contradicts abso-
ultely the truths of Christianity about
race freedom and justice. The Nazi
conversion of Germany made her on-
l findent and a world-power but has
set her will-to-power in hostility to
the freedom of the democracies of
the world.
In spite of the attitudes taken by
the governments in Germany, in Rus-
s sia, this year the Bible is the best
s seller in the former country, and a
f recent census in Russia containing a
question about religious affiliation
brought forth news of such a great

Two-Day Scouting Institute
To Open In Ann Arbor Today
Scout leaders from the entire state * ing movement, Mr. Carlson will talk
will convene here today and tomor- on the plan of the- Institute, and Mr.
row for the Scouting Institute of the Reusch on "Scouting in the Present
University of Michigan, to be held at Crisis." The talks will be given from
the W. K. Kellogg Foundation under 10 to 11 a.m. in the Kellogg Insti-
the sponsorship of the University tute Auditorium.
Extension Service. At 11:15 a.m. a community sing will
The program of the two day meet- be held under the direction of Ken-
ing has been designed especially for neth Jewell, and at 11:30 Mr. Carl-
lay and professional men interested son will discuss "Personal Procedures
in the scouting movement, and will in Scouting."
be devoted to lectures and discus- At 2 p.m. a general meeting on
sions on current problems involved in "The Local Council: Its Organiation
handling boys of scout age. and Function" will be held. Walter
The Institute is a part of the Uni- McPeek of Ann Arbor will preside.
versity's program in fostering scout- The group will journey to Camp
ing in the state of Michigan. The Howell, the new camp of the Detroit
University has agreed with the Boy Council, at 4 p.m. today. At 6:30 p.m.
Scouts of America to serve as spon- a dinner will be held in the Michigan
sors for the scout movement through- Union. J. Herbert Saum, Scout Ex-
out the state. ecutive, Valley Trails Council, will
Registration for the Institute will speak on "Purposes, Objectives, and
......... Mthods of C'arnin'a.

League Council is counting on Mis-
sourians to call off their supposed jinx
of the weather today so the tradi-
tional watermelon cut, postponed last
week, can be held in the League Gar-
den preceding the dance in the ball-
room.
Students from Missouri, disappoint-

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