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July 11, 1941 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1941-07-11

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Weather
Partly Cloudy; Cooler

Jr

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

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:43attg

Editorial
The Americas
Draw Closer..

I

VOL. LL No. 9 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 11, 1941 Z-23

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Boyd Bode
Will Speak
At Dinner
Education Meeting Nears
End, Featuring Banquet
On Next To Last Day
Miller, Lindeman
To Address Group
Highlighting a banquet for mem-
bers of the New Education Fellowship
and the Progressive Education Asso-
ciation, the seven-day international
conference of the New Education
Fellowship draws near its close today,
with only a general session and a
summary meeting remaining on the
calendar for tomorrow.
Boyd Bode of Ohio State Univer-
sity will preside at the banquet to be
held at 7 p.m. in the Union, and will
also be the main speaker of the eve-
ning, replacing Laurin Zilliacus, Fin-
nish educator, who was prevented
from attending the convention by.the
war in Finland.
Delegates To Be Called On
Delegates from various countries
will be called upon to make a few
remarks and those Latin Americans
who have brought native festival cos-
tumes will wear them at the banquet,
in what the convention authorities
hope to be the most gala occasion of
the week.
Spencer Miller of the Workers' Ed-
ucation Bureau of America, will ad-
dress the general session at 11 a.m.
today in the Rackham Auditorium on
"Education, Labor and a World Soci-
ety." Eduard C. Lindeman of the
New York School of Social Work will
also talk on "Faith in Education."
Robert Ulrich of Harvard University
will be chairman at the meeting.
The general session at 3 p.m. in
the Rackham Auditorium will be de-
voted to the topic "We Face Tomor-
row," and will consist of a discussion
by 14 students from six countries on
the hopes and desires of youth for
tomorrow's world.
Watson To Head Panel
Goodwin Watson of Teachers Col-
lege, Columbia University, will lead
the discussion. Members of the panel
from Pickering College, Canada, will
be Barney Apple, Jack Ardenne,
Charles Beer and Alan MacNeill, all
of Canada, and Emyr Richards of
Wales.
On the panel from the Dalton
Schools in New York, will be Gail
Austrian, Clara Claiborne, Rita Fried-
man, Barbara Mandell, Gloria Rob-
inson and Audrey Stern, all of the
United States; Paz Davila of Chile;
Adet, Lin of China, and Franziska
Richards of Germany.
The conference, the first interna-
tional gathering of the Fellowship to
be held in the Americas, will, close
tomorrow with a general session at 9
a.m. on "Education in Europe After
Peace Comes."
* * *
Indian Exhibit
Is On Display
One of the features of the New Edu-
cation Fellowship Conference is the
exhibit on Indian culture being dis-
played inhthe gymnasium of Ann
Arbor High School.
The exhibition was prepared by the
Officp of Indian Affairs of the De-
partment of Interior, with the cooper-
ation of the Haskel Institute of Kan-

sas, and depicts the progress of edu-
cation among the Navajo Indians.
A Mexican market is being held
with the exhibit where Indian and
Mexican goods can be purchased.
The exhibition is open every day
from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., and is free to
the public.
Attempt Made
To Stop Strike
WASHINGTON, July 10. -()P)- A
panel of the National Defense Medi-
ation Board sought in a closed, ses-
sion toiday a formula for settlement
of a United Auto Workers (AFL)
strike at the Sealed Power Corpora-
tion, Muskegon.
Members of the panel declined to
discuss what took place at the meet-
ing. Another conference was sched-

To Preside Tonight

BOYD BODE

Taft Charges
U.S. Building
Ire land Base
WASHINGTON, July 10.-'P)-An
angry charge by Senator Taft (Rep.-
Ohio) that the United States was
building a naval air base for Great
Britain in northern Ireland led Sen-
ator Barkley of Kentucky, the Demo-
cratic leader, to say today he had no
knowledge of such a development.
The discussion was prompted by
the recent occupation of Iceland,
which Taft denounced as "exactly
equivalent to aggressive war." After
he had said he had reliable informa-
tion that a base was being built in
Northern Ireland, Senator Danaher
(Rep.-Conn.) entered the debate to
complain the Administration was too
secretive.
"We are not being told what the,
facts are," he said, "and yet every-
one of us who chooses to can know
that American workmen by the hun-
dreds have been constructing a naval
base in Northern Ireland for weeks
just as they were preliminary to the
Iceland situation."
The discussion recalled an an-
nouncement recently that Merritt,
Chapman & Scott, New York con-
tracting firm, had been engaged by
the British to do some constructio
work in the British Isles. British
officials at the time described it as
purely an arrangement between the
British Government and a private
American firm.
Aluminum Drive
To Be July 24-25
"All Out In The Kitchen" will be
the pass word when the Ann Arbor
Committee for National Defense
Aluminum collection holds its cam-
paign here July 24-25. The drive
will be conducted by a committee
headed by J. Wayne Meadows, and 20
trucks are being sought to help with
the pick-ups.
A crib will be built in front of the
courthouse where the scrap alumin-
um may be- deposited and all alum-
inum collected will be sent to smel-
ters, which will purchase it at OPM
prices. All funds derived from the
nation-wide campaign will be de-
posited by the National Scrap Alum-
inum Fund to the credit of the Office
of Civilian Defense.

House Passes
Bill Changing
Service Law
Legislation To Return Now
To Senate; Defense
Strike Rider Killed
WASHINGTON, Juyl 10. --P-
The House late today -passed legisla-
tion providing for the mandatory de
ferment from military training of
men 28 or older, after strippingfrom
the bill provisions designed to give
the President broad statutory auth-
ority to cpe with defense strikes. The
vote was 345 to 17.
The legislation now goes back to
the Senate, which has approved dis-
cretionary deferment of men 28 or
older and granted power to the Presi-
dent to take over and operate strike-
bound defense plants.
Prior to the final vote today the
House defeated by a vote of 159 to 97,
the amendments designed to give
President Roosevelt authority to or-
der production resumed at a struck
defense plant and to protect workers
who seek to return to their jobs.
The standing vote came on an
amendment by Rep. Arthur D. Healey,
Massachusetts Democrat, to elimin-
ate the sections. Earlier, Healey suc-
cessfully sponsored another amend-
ment which eliminated authority for
the President to take over a defense
plant where the management re-
fused to utilize Federal concilation
and mediation services in a labor
dispute.
The preliminary appi'oval of the
section of the bill providing manda-
tory deferment of registralts 28 or
older was given without a record vote.
Previously, the House refused to ap-
prove the discharge of men 29 or
older who already have been induct-
ed into the Army for training, to re-
peal the exemption for members of
Congress, and to defer training of
men 25 or older.
Kaufman-Hart Show
Continues Run Here
The Michigan Repertory Players of
the speech department will present
"George Washington Slept Here" at
8:30 p.m. today in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. The last perform-
ance will be offered tomorrow.
Written by the famous Broadway
comedy team of George S. Kaufman
and Moss Hart, the Ann Arbor pro-
duction is under the direction of Prof.
Valentine B. Windt of the speech de-
partment. Alexander Wyckoff is in
charge of scenery and Evelyn Cohen
is costumiere.
The play, which stars Norman Ox-
handler and Claribel Baird, tells the
story of a couple who purchase a
country home and of all the problems
the home brings them.
Prof. William P. Haltead of the
speech department is cast, as Uncle
Stanley, Ada McFarland plays Rena
Leslie and Dorothy Haydel portrays
Hester.
Thirty Directories Left
Only 30 copies of the 1941 Summer
Student Directory are still available,
according to Martha Graham, '41,
managing editor. These copies may
be purchased at the book stores and
at the Union.

Vichy Protests
British Action
In Middle East
English Ignore Peace Plan;
Weygand, Petain Confer
As Battle Continues
French Maintain
They Hold Beirut
(By The Associated Press)
VICHY, France, July 10.-The Pe-
tain Government, protesting Britain
had ignored a request to cease firing
in Syria and Lebanon, disavowed re-
sponsibility tonight for continued
"violence and devastation" there and
proclaimed a last-ditch resistance.
Amid the puzzling tangle of con-
tradiction and talk of offended honor
which had snared Vichy's own pro-
posal of an armistice, General Max-
ime Weygand, supreme commander
in North Africa, arrived in Vichy by
plane tonight.
He drove from the airfield to the
Parc Hotel-residence of Chief of
State Petain-presumably for imme-
diate conference with the old mar-
shal.
May Have Sought Advice
(It may be that Petain sought Wey-
gand's advice on the Syrian sit-
uation. Weygand commanded the
French armies of the Middle East
before he was called to succeed Gen-
eralissimo Gamelin in the last days
of Free France's battle with Ger-
many.)
The situation over hostilities in the
Levant did not preclude the possibil-
ity armistice negotiations might be
under way even while the Allies closed
in on Beirut and cntinued other
drives in Syria and Lebanon.
Late tonight the French insisted
they still were holding Beirut.
Anzacs Occupy Beirut
(The German controlled Paris radio
was heard by Reuter, English News
Agency, announcing that Australian
troops occupied Beirut today. French
sources at Ankara said Vichy troops
withdrew to the north last night,
leaving Beirut -an open city.)-
Twice today the French said they
had received no answer to General
Henri Dentz' request of Tuesday for
a truce pending negotiation of a
Syrian settlement. Dentz is Com-
mander-in-Chief in Syria and Leb-
anon as well as high commissioner.
Britain Says
Berlin Raids
Will Be Made
Nazi Bombing Will Seem
Merely 'Child's Play,'
Aircraft Head Claims
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, July 10.-The British
Government replied today to bitter
complaints of a shortage of weapons
and disuse of American planes by
promising to blast Berlin with the
increasing flow of U.S. and British
bombers until the worst Nazi raids on
London seem "like child's play."
This statement came from Lieut.
Col. J. T. C. Moore-Brabazon, the
new Minister for Aircraft Production,
on the second day of a debate led by
soldier members of the House of
Commons, back from active service.
Moore-Brabazon:pledged the fullest
use of the American bombers which,

he said, soon would all be coming
across the Atlantic by air, and de-
clared it would not be many months
before Berlin heard the sirens that
will signal their attacks.
"Those famous Wednesday and
Saturday nights (of London raids)
will be child's play, compared to the
raids we will be able to make on Ber-
lin," he declared.
Already, he said, the D-24 Libera-
tor bomber "is doing great service
across the Atlantic."
Before the Minister spoke, however,
Artillery Captain James Henderson
Stewart, a Scottish Government mem-
ber, had declared that in the Middle
East thousands upon thousands of
British Tommies and Australians
were left to die or fall into Nazi hands
"because those men were denied
weapons with which to defend them-
selves."
Stewart also lashed out at Ernest
Bevin, the Laborite Minister of Labor.
Decrying Bevin's speech to workers,

Germans Claim

Helsinki Bombed; Battles Continue
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Helsinki, capital of Finland (1), underwent an intensive aerial
bombing and Finnish guns hammered the Russian-leased naval base
of Hango. The Russians claimed they had halted a thrust past Ostrov,
toward Leningrad, and action in the central sector (2) was generally
severe in the Polotsk area. Another center of battle was at Novograd
Volynski (3).Claims on-the Bessarabian area fighting conflicted but.
Russians claimed a victory at Balti (4).
Gustavo Adolfo Otero:
'UnityCan.Be Created'

Russians Declare Panzer
Division Routed, Losing
3,500 Dead, Wounded
323,898 Captured,
Berlin Report Says
MOSCOW, Friday, July 11.-()-
A German mechanized division at-
tempting to break through the right
flank of a Soviet position far west
of Moscow was routed and left 3,500
dead and wounded on the field, the
Soviet Information Bureau an-
nounced today. Approximately 2,400
Germans were captured.
Presumably this was the German
division earlier reported to have been
annihilated in the Lepel region, at
the head of the Berezina River in
the general vicinity of where the
3ermans are trying to smash through
toward Moscow.
The Russian communique added
that the Russian air force dealt blows
at German motorized and mechan-
ized forces throughout the day in the
direction of Ostrov, in the Baltic
area, and Novograd Volynski, in the
path of the German drive toward
Kiev, in the Ukraine.
Enemy Units "Destroyed
Enemy units were said to have
been destroyed at crossings of the
western Dvina River, which flows
northwestward into the Baltic.
The communique reported the
Russian air force had attacked en-
emy airports and destroyed 28 Ger-
man planes in air battles and raids
on airdromes while losing six itself.
The Russians also claimed to have
killed and wounded 350 Finns in an
engagement in which Russian naval
forces participated.
An earlier communique told of
the destruction of the German divi-
sion near Lepel and of the pushing
back of another German division,
with heavy casualties, south of Bori-
sov, which lies just south of Lepel.
Soviet Troops Hold Ground
Everywhere else along the central
front, about Polotsk and Bobruisk
specifically, Soviet troops were pic-
tured as not giving an inch and as
intermittently, on the counter-attack.
The implication was that the .Ger-
man thrust at}the center had passed
its peak for the present and that
its power was being fast expended by
the enormous losses inflicted for six
days.

Soviet Troops Halt Nazi
Drive, Moscow Reports;

Victory

Our Northern Neighbors:
Canada Cannot Exist In World
Of Nationalism, Sandwell Says
Mnintninio that it wmild e vir-ntn then ther ne

Claiming that Pan-Americanism is
basically attained through an equal-
ity of the American people within a
democracy of nations, Gustavo Adolfo
Otero, Bolivian minister of educa-
tion, last night told the New Edu-
cation Fellowship conference that
Americans must set their hearts to
building good will among the na-
tions of this hemisphere and to eras-
ing bad will.
Democracy has been built on the
plans of the great liberator, Simon
Bolivar, he said, and the important
thing is to defend that democracy
with equal devotion and equal en-
thusiasm as those who create it dis-
played.
Plans can be worked out which will
create an intellectual unity of all
American countries, but the impot-
ant thing is to approach that unity
by means of good conduct.
We should organize thought and
continental conscience built on a
cultural philosophy which will serve
as a common denominator for all
the countries.
Americans can draw their coun-
tries closer together, but the means
is chiefly a psychological one, he
claimed. "Each should search his
Student, NEF
Delegates Hurt
In Auto Crash
Felipe O. Larrazabal, 27 year old
engineering student from Caracas,
Venezuela, was critically injured in
a head-on collision late last night on
Plymouth Road, 20 miles east of Ann
Arbor.
Larrazabal received serious skull
fractures when the car he was driv-
ing collided with one driven by Ted
Barnard of Detroit. Barnard re-
ceived internal injuries and was tak-
en to Plymouth Hospital. Larraza-
bal was transferred from the Ply-
mouth Hospital to the University Hos-
pital for an emergency operation.

own heart for understanding and
should erase entirely the differences
between our countries and the preju-
dices and conventional lies."
In order to defend liberty and de-
mocracy, he continued, there is noth-
ing else except the actual practice
of liberty.
Otero praised such South Ameri-
can founders as Simon Bolivar, Si-
mon Rodriguez, and praised the in-
stigators of American democracy.
FDRC May Ask
Iceland Consul

Sanction
Sought

From Congress
By President

manuaning aawui Cv
tually impossible for a Fascist or Na-
tional Socialist party to seize power
over the Dominion of Canada, B. K.
Sandwell, editor of "The Toronto
Saturday Night" last night told dele-
gates to the New Education Fellow-
ship conference that Canada as it
is now constructed would find great
difficulty in existing in a world of
nationalistic societies.
Canada contains two different ide-
ologies, two different peoples, he said,
the French Canadians and the Eng-
lish Canadians. "Even in the pres-
ent conflict, which might appear to
an outsider to involve sufficient dan-
ger to her to cause a considerable
surge of national unity, the posses-
sion of two different ideologies is
causing her some trouble."
The school system in Canada has
been divided along these lines, one
concept being taught by the Public

The difference between the two
elements springs from the very way
in which the nation was colonized,
the editor explained. The French
colonists were sent out by their home-
government, the English came be-
cause of dissatisfaction with their
home government.
The French colonists were managed
and controlled throughout the French
regime by their home governments,
while the British colonists were left
largely to themselves.
The English Canadian, like the
American, is a strong individualist,
while the French Canadian is a docile
member of his parish, less concerned
with the acquisition of wealth.
"It must be abundantly evident
that a Canada thus constituted," he
asserted, "cannot possibly exist as an
ultra-nationalist state."
To force the French Canadian ele-

Nazis Claim 323,898
Russian Prisoners

WASHINGTON, July 10.-OP)-In-
formed quarters predicted today that
President Roosevelt would seek in-1
direct Congressional sanction for the
establishment of diplomatic rela-
tions with Iceland by asking an ap-
propriation to open a legation in
Reykjavik, the Icelandic capital.
Mr. Roosevelt could, without going
to Congress, establish a legation
there and appoint a minister-resi-
dent, who also would act as consul
general. This has been done in the
case of Iraq.
It was understood, however, the
Chief Executive intended to ask Con-
gress to make direct provision for a
$10,000 yearly salary for a minister
to Iceland and for meeting other
costs of the legation.
Under this procedure he would
send the name of the minister-desig-
nate to the Senate for confirmation.
Establishing of diplomatic rela-
tions was promised by President
Roosevelt in the exchange of com-
munications with Prime Minister,
Hermann Jonasson of Iceland which
preceded dispatch of an American
protective force to the Island.
Jury Fails To Reach
Verdict In McKay Case

BERLIN, July 10.-(P)-Germany
announced officially tonight the
capture of 323,898 Red Army prison-
ers in what it termed the "greatest
encirclement battle in world history"
on the Bialystok-Minsk front, but
maintained almost complete silence
on the great campaign now unfold-
ing in the east.
Tonight's announcement recapitu-
lated an entrapment first announced
on June 29, seven days after the con-
flict began.
As for the current progress of the
Russian campaign, today was the
third straight day of the high com-
mand's policy of "mystifying the en-
emy with silence." The high com-
mand communique merely said the
campaign in the east was progressing
relentlessly.
The special announcement also
said the number of Red Army sol-
diers captured since the Russo-Ger-
man war began June 22 now totaled
more than 400,000.
It said the greatest amount of war
material ever taken in a campaign
had been captured in the double bat-
tles for Bialystok and Minsk,
Van Wagoner. Seeks
To 'Avoid Penalty
In Old Age Grants,
LANSING, July 10.-()-Governor
Van Wagoner tonight dispatched two
officials to Washington in an attempt
to convince the Federal Social Secur-
ity Board not to penalize Michigan to
the tune of $2,500,000 in old age as-
sistance grants because the Legisla-
ture recessed without clarifying a
state law.
The Governor's representatives
were Wendell Lund, secretary of the

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