THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, JULY S, It
.v .. . . -.... as . . .. . .. ..... .. s a i . .
TUESDAY..... . JULvYr.a 8a. 1
Daily Calendar of Events
Tuesday, July 8-
4:15 p.m. Lecture. "The Conflict of Ideologies." His Excellency, Hu Shih, Ambassa-
dor of China to the United States. (Hill Auditorium.)
7:30 p.m. Beginners' Class in Social Dancing. (Michigan League Ballroom).
8:00 p.m. Duplicate Bridge. (Michigan League. Anyone wishing to play is invited.
Come with or without partners.
Washing ton Merry-Go-Round
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of .Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00, by mail, $4.50.
REPRESUNTRD FOR NATIONAL. ADVERTharN9G y
National Advertising Service, Inc.
, College Publishers Representative
420 MADiesON AVE. NEW YORK. N.Y.
CRICAGO" * BOSTON-. LOS ANesggS * SAN FeANCiSCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Harry M. Kelsey
. William Baker
Albert P. Blaustein
Daniel H. Huyett
Fred M. Ginsberg
Business Manager . . .
Local Advertising Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: ALBERT P. BLAUSTEIN
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
Let's Not Forget.. .
JN HIS ANALYSIS of education in a
nation at war, J. G. Althouse, Ca-
aadian representative to the New Education Con-
ference, cited as one of the compensating gains
of the war-time program "an impatience with
education which does not immediately result in
more effective living."
If this be a plea for a more efficient educa-
tional system subjugated to the immediate neces-
sities of a nation fighting for its very existence,
then such changes in the orientation of educa-
tional policies are justified.
It is, on the other hand, the very attitude
against which the true educator must fight vigor-
ously once the exigencies of the moment have
been dealt with. It is a point which should be
of immediate concern to the New Education Fel-
lowship: a group which is trying to build the
foundations for a harmonious and more cultural
TRUE, practical training for more effective
living is and should be a necessary function
of education. This, however, defines only its
more rudimentary objectives. It is not the kind
of program which turns out true scholars and
In its higher reaches, education should strive
to inculcate sound bases for moral judgments,
and an understanding and appreciation of hu-
man values. It'must investigate the implications
of such concepts as Truth, Beauty and Right,
and it must encourage liberal thinking upon the
subjects which concern the foundation of civili-
zation and the conduct of man.
These studies do not yield immediate results
toward a more effective living; they approxi-
mate, however, what President Hutchins of the
University of Chicago would define as the Edu-
AN EDUCATION which strives primarily for
the future betterment of mankind is not
readily convertible into dollars and cents, into
defense machinery. In a strict materialistic so-
ciety, it exerts, rather, a retardive influence, but
embodies in turn the very principles which strive
to form the distinction between an efficient so-
ciety and a cultural civilization.
If a mechanistically efficient society be our
aim, then we are wasting our time trying to com-
bat fascism. We are, however, convinced that
pure physical satisfaction is not our sole reason
for living. In fighting for our ideals, therefore,
we must not lose sight of that for which we are
fundamentally fighting, namely, the basic hu-
man right to freedom of thought: an ideal which
should play an important role in the formation
of our educational system.
THE METHODS OF LIFE which we are today
fighting are far more efficient, far better
able to act to immediate advantage. This we
must admit and consider in formulating an
emergency national policy. But in temporarily
denying ourselves intellectual luxuries, we must
always leave open the road behind us, remem-
bering that the present course is but temporary.
The road back will not be easy; it will be a far
harder course than that which lies so clearly
ahead, but it is the only way to restore faith in
civilization and the dignity of man. We must
continue to fight for our ideals, for they are
indeed worth fighting for: in that lies the reward.
WASHINGTON-Thanks to its potent lobby,
Pan-American Airways recently succeeded in
blocking the establishment of a competing air-
line across the Atlantic. The White House, State
Department, Army and Navy wanted the second
service, but Pan-Am had more influence with a
majority of the U.S. Senate.
No announcement has been made about it,
but today there is another competing airline
across the Atlantic. It is operated by the U.S.
Army Air Corps, and was established because of
Pan-Am's inability to meet the war-booming
demand for trans-Atlantic service.
Using four-motor heavy bombers, the planes
carry only officials and official pouches to and
from England. Ambassador Winant returned
to London by this means.
The American "port" of this new airline is the
Army's great air base at Bolling Field, Va. The
service is under the direction of Colonel Robert
Olds, ace Air Corps commander, who was re-
cently put in charge of ferrying Lend-Lease
bombers from the West Coast airplane plants
to Britain. The new airline operates as part of
At present two bombers are in use, and more
are expected to be added. The planes are manned
by Air Corps crews and operate on closely-
guarded schedules and over a secret route.
Defense Rail Boss
OPM chiefs aren't admitting it, but they want
the President to replace Ralph Budd, Burling-
ton Railroad executive, as Defense Rail Director.
Number I choice as his successor is Joseph B.
Eastman, veteran chairman of the Interstate
Commerce Commission and one of the greatest
transportation experts in the country.
Budd has been under fire in Defense circles
because of alleged failure to get the railroads to
undertake a big freight car and locomotive pro-
gram last year, when steel was plentiful. How-
ever, rail men vigorously contend that Budd has
done a good job of coordinating, deny there will
be a car shortage this year.
Indirectly they admit there may be one next
year, by saying 'that what happens depends on
whether they can get deliveries of the thousands
of new cars they have ordered. This year's
freight requirements are estimated at 45,000,000
cars, next year at 48,000,000, and 1943, 50,000,-
East man and the President are old friends.
In the early years of the New Deal, when rail-
road consolidation was much in the air, Roose-
velt gave Eastman the job of working out a plan.
He submitted a comprehensive program, but
nothing came of it because of powerful rail and
Wall Street opposition.
Lost Daylight Saving?
A few days ago the Federal Power Commis-
sion, backed by OPM Directors Knudsen and
Hillman, called on the people in the Southeast-
ern states to cut down their use of electricity so
as to provide more power for urgent defense
Ardently patriotic, the people of this section
unquestionably will respond. But the incident
illustrates the lack of coordination in the vast
For months, Defense chiefs have realized the
danger of a serious power shortage. And for
months there has been knocking around in the
labyrinth of Defense offices a recommendation
for a nationwide two-hour daylight saving sys-
tem. Experts estimate that several hundred
thousand kilowatts could be obtained by this
simple measure. Britain and Germany have had
it in operation continuously since the start of
But in the good old "business-as-usual" U.S.A.
the move is still only a "recommendation" in a
memorandum gathering dust somewhere in a
Defense pigeonhole. Sooner or later a master
mind will suddenly come to life and do some-
thing about it. Meanwhile, with the power short-
age increasing, thousands of kilowatts are being
It was a breathless day in Washington. The
only breeze was kicked up by the little subway
car running between the Senate Office Building
and the Capitol. Passenger Hattie Caraway,
Senator from Arkansas, clutched at her flying
strands of hair . . . . United Service Organiza-
tions have had some big gifts, but none more
touching than the savings brought in by one
Harry Katz, who emptied on the desk 512 pen-
nies, 44 nickels, eight dimes, and one quarter . .
. . Displayed in the Department of Agriculture
lobby are four practical pamphlets: "Cock-
roaches and Their Control," "Bedbugs:- Causes
and Cures," "House Ants," and "How to Control
Fleas" . . . . The President has on his desk a
new leather briefcase, fastened securely at one
end with a steel padlock .
Civil Service Vs. Farm Security
Though pushed aside by war headlines, one
°f the most significant battles affecting good
supposedly for the best interests of good govern-
ment. Basically, however, its motives are en-
tirely selfish. It is out to protect government
workers, no matter how inefficient they may be.
And despite the highly successful, synthetic
build-up which civil service has received
throughout the country, anyone around Wash-
ington who is honest will tell you that civil serv-
ice is one great reason for government ineffi-
ciency and for the lagging defense program.
The case of the Farm Security employes is 2#
rare instance where both Democrats and Repub-
licans united to kill some political boodle. Even
Representative Taber of New York, violent critic
of the New Deal, voted for the Democratic
amendment which will prevent Farm Security
employes from being blanketed into civil service
automatically, regardless of their merits. His
reason was that this would have cost the Govern-
ment $10,000,000 extra, giving increased salaries
to top executives, but forcing the discharge of
lesser employes because there isn't $10,000,000
extra in the budget.
Democrats who voted with Republican Taber
lid so because they knew that many Farm Se-
curity executives, especially in the Northwest,
instead of helping the farmer, were bankers and
small town moguls, whose interests in the past
have been diametrically opposed to the farmer's.
Note-The man who won congressional ap-
proval of the amendment barring Farm Security
workers from civil service is a farmer himself,
Eugene Casey, a White House aide, who is one
>f the biggest dairy farmers in Maryland.
\\\\\\ \ \\ \\\\\ \\ \\ \\\ \ \ \ \ \ \' ti \\\\ \ ' \\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ w \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \\ \ \ \ \
VIGNETTE FROM LIFE: They brought the
little girl into the University Hospital with
appendicitis, or so they said. But diagnosis by
the best doctors there revealed only tonsil trou-
ble, so out came her tonsils. Still there was a
slight pain in her abdomen, she said, so they
examined her again. But no appendicitis.
When her mother came to take her home, they
said the little girl would be all right, but watch
out for the pain in her stomach-it might really
be appendicitis like the original diagnosis had
"Oh," explained the mother, "Susie doesn't
have appendicitis. She never had it, just bad
tonsils. But the probate judge wouldn't sign
the entrance papers for her with only tonsil
trouble, so our doctor made it appendicitis.
You took the works right out of my mouth de-
The Gray Shirts have invaded Washtenaw
County, but unlike the Brown Shirts and
Black Shirts and Silver Shirts, they are not
an organization to be feared.
They are Sheriff John L. Osborn's deputies.
- Ann Arbor News, July 3
* * * '
THE OTHER DAY I got hold of a copy of the
London Times, and found a mute story of a
country at war. The personals hidden among
thewant ads seem to tell it all better than pic-
tur'es 01r glowing detail:
Bonham, John H. H., Prisoner of War
1187. New Address, Stalag XX A (5), Ger-
many. Air Mail 5d. Letters very welcome.
Holroyd, Capt. K. de C., Rifle Brigade,
previously reported missing, now a prisoner
Owing to enemy action, Mr. T. J. Phillips
has left 100 Harley Street and is now seeing
patients at 17 Harley Street.
TO THE EDITOR
A Y.C.L. Explanation
Editor, Michigan Daily:
Prior to the outbreak of the war
between Britain and Germany the
Soviet Union offered to the democ-
racies of the world a plan for stop-
ping fascist aggression, the policy of
collective security. The capitalist
countries, though threatened by such
aggression, refused to accept this
united front. Instead they adopted
the Munich policy of appeasement,
betrayal and surrender. They hoped
thereby to divert the attack of fas-
cism from themselves to the USSR.
Instead of peace the capitalist
statesmen brought on an imperialist
war for the re-division of the world.
The Soviet Union, rebuffed in its
attempt to prevent the second im-
perialist war, rebuffed by the con-
spiracy of Munichmen, accepted the
proposal of the German government
for a treaty of non-aggression. It
adopted a policy of consistent neu-
trality toward both sides in this war
and exerted all its effort to prevent
the spread of the war. This was in
the interest not only of the people
of the USSR who desired peacefully
to buildtheir socialist society, but
also corresponded to the best interest
of the peoples of all lands.
Threat To His Plan
Hitler attacked the Soviet Union
because the very existence of this
mighty socialist state constituted a
threat to his plan to enslave the
peoples of the world. He attacked in
the hope of arousing in his sup-
port reactionary elements here and
abroad, in the hope of evoking again
the old Munich betrayers and ap-
peasers who, like him, fear the ris-
ing people's movements throughout
the world. He attacked the Soviet
Union as the outpost of world prog-
ress and with the hope of acquiring
its boundless resources to strengthen
his hand against Great Britain'and
the United States and to further his
plan for the conquest of the world.
The attack upon the USSR whose
people own the means of production
and who therefore by the very nature
of a socialist economy can in no way
fight for anything but their own na-
tional independence, has changed the
imperialist war into a struggle of a
free people for its own existence and
for the maintenance of the national
independence of all the peoples of
Offers Smoke Screen
Hitler would offer as a smoke
screen a holy war against Com-
rnunism. The issue is not Com-
munism. German fascism has set out
to enslave all nations and all peoples.
That and that only is the issue. In
this struggle the American people
who hate and abhor fascism cannot
but adopt a policy of all aid to the
Soviet Union and the British people
to insure the decisive military defeat
of Hitler fascism which stands as the
main enemy of the peoples of the
world including America. Therefore,
we must defend America by giving
full aid to the USSR and Great Brit-
President Roosevelt's pledge of all
possible aid to the USSR expresses
the will of the vast majority of the
American people who desire this
pledge to be translated into action.
The greatest menace to the realiza-
tion of securing effective aid to the
Soviet and British peoples for the
successful struggle to defeat Hitler-
ism lies in the appeasement policy
of the Hoovers, Lindberghs, Wheelers,
vorman Thomases, the Coughlins and
the Hearsts, and equally disastrous
half-hearted tendencies in the ad-
Methods Cannot Be Tolerated
But to fight Hitlerism, Hitler
methods cannot be tolerated at home
for in the last concern is it not
American democracy that we desire
to preserve? The defense of the
American people against its enemies
abroad and at home demands a sin-
cere policy of improvement of the
economic standard, health and gen-
eral well-being of the masses. The
peoples' rights and liberties must be
guarded, preserved, and extended.
Earl Browder, America's greatest
fighter for peoples' rights and free-
dom, must be set free to carry on the
struggle. The guarantee for the com-
plete annihilation of the world men-
ace of Hitlerism is a united people's
front embracing in sincere collabora-
tion all honest opponents of Hitlerism
both in America and abroad, all those
who are willing to join in this com-
Young Communist League
(Editor's Note: We have been an-
ticipating for some time an eloquent
Y.C.L. statement relative to the latest
turnover in Soviet policy. We believe
it in the best interest of our readers
to present their side of the issue.
(Behind the eloquence, however,
we would like to ask the Y.C.L. and
our readers to ponder over two perti-
nent, if embarrassing questions:
(1. Where was Russian altruism
hidden in the case of the Finnish,
Rumanian and Polish territorial1
(2. How can intellectual honestyt
survive the over-night reverses in the
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session before 3:30 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication exceptton
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
Tennis Players. An open hour for
tennis players will be held on Tues-
day and Thursday, July 8 and 10,
from 4:00 to 5:30 at Palmer Field.
This is an opportunity for all stu-
dents interested in playing tennis to
meet and become acquainted with
others with the same interests.
German House. Reservations may
still be made for meals. Luncheons,
thirty-five cents; dinners forty-five
cents. Men and women interested
in German conversation are cordially
invited. 1443 Washtenaw, Tel. 9246.
Biological Chemistry Lectures. The
second of the series of lectures on
the fat-soluble vitamins will be given
by Professor E. A. Doisy of St. Louis
University at 2:00 p.m. on July 7, 8,
9, and 10 in Room 151, Chemistry
Building. The lecture on July 7
will be concerned with the estrogenic
hormones; those on July 8, 9, and 10
will take up Vitamin K. All inter-
ested are invited to attend.
Graduate Students. The prelimin-
ary examination for the doctbrate
during the Summer Session, in French
and German will. be given Monday,
July 7, at 4 o'clock in the Natural
Science Auditorium. This early date
will enable students to know pre-
cisely what preparation must be
made for the individual examinations
that follow. Use of dictionary is op-
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: No course
may be elected for credit after the
end of the second week. Saturday,
July 12, is therefore the last day on
which new elections may be approved.
The willingness of an instructor to
admit a student later will not affect
the operation of this rule.
Leeture. 4:15 p.m. today by His Ex-
cellency, Hu Shih, Ambassador of
China to the United State. Subject:
"The Conflict of Ideologies." Hill
The Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information will have a
group meeting at the Natural Science
Auditorium Tuesday, July 8, at 7 p.m.,
outlining the details of registration.
This will include all those expecting
to register for teaching positions and
for general business positions.
A series of three meetings will be'
held to discuss why people do not get
jobs. At this first meeting will be
discussed the obstacle of wrong
Mathematics Tea. The graduate
students in mathematics and their
wives or husbands are cordially in-
vited to the informal tea to be given
by the staff of the Department of
Mathematics and their wives, in the
garden of the Michigan League, on
Tuesday, July 8, from 4 to 6 p.m.
At the Phi Delta Kappa luncheon
today, at 12:10 in room 116 Michigan
Union, Dr. Habib Kurani, Registrar
and Lecturer in Education at the
American University in Beirut, will
speak on "American Education and
the Future of Syria." Members are
invited to bring guests.
A compulsory meeting of represen-
tatives from every undergraduate
house on campus will be held at 4
p.m. Tuesday, July 7, in the League.
Summer regulations for women and
the summer physical education pro-
gram for women will be presented.
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts; Schools of Music and Edu-
cation: Students who received marks
of I or X at the close of their last
semester or summer session of at-
tendance will receive a grade of E
in the course unless this work is made
up by July 30th. Students wishing
an extension of time beyond this
date in order to make up the work
should file a petition addressed to the
appropriate official in their school
with Room 4 U.H. where it will be
transmitted. The petition must carry
the written approval of the instruc-
Carillon, Program. The bell chain-
ber of the Burton Memorial Tower
will be open to visitors interested in
observing the playing of the* bells
from 12 noon to 12:15 p.m. today.
Mathematics 301, Seminar in Pure
Mathematics, will meet Wednesday at
4:15 in 3201 Angell Hall. Dr. Max
Shiffman will speak on "Introduc-
tion to the Morse Theory."
Phi Lambda Theta invited all mem-
bers of te local and foreign chapters
to attend an informal luncheon to be
held today at 12:00 noon in the
Preview of heroic clay statue of Lin-
coln the Frontiersman. To be erect-
ed in bronze in Hawaii. Prof. Fair-
banks Studio, University Hall, 2-6
Tuesday afternoon and 7:30-10 Tues-
day evening. Open to public.
GRIN AND BEAR IT
7 1.41,Cicago Tims.In.
"Waiter-'There's a man in my soup!"
DAI LY OFF IC IAL BULLETI N
Unwanted artificial teeth urgently
Please help dependent men H. M.
Spectacles very acceptable-Ivory
67A, Welbeck Street, W. 1.
Basil Street hotel, Knightsbridge, Lon-
don's best position, hag London's safest Raid
* * *
Bothered the other day in a local cinema by
a woman sitting in front of me wearing one of
those modern confectioner's concoctions often
yclept hat. It recalled to mind how the manager
in a theatre back home combatted the menace
during the era not so long ago when women's
hats were resembling sewer tops more and more.
Flashed on the screen before every show was
the sign: "The management wishes to spare
elderly ladies any inconvenience. They are there-
fore invited to retain their hats."
Every hat would come off immediately.
A RATHER grim note of realism entered the
opening session of the New Education Fel-
fiftermath Of World Wars
(Continued from Page 1)
seems no prospect of avoiding a pro-
longed period of rntensified economic
nationalism, accompanied by even
more sever economic crises and social
upheavals than those which followed
the last war."
The economic policy of Nazi Ger-
many is irreconcilably opposed to
our way of life, he pointed out, for
it is in essence an economic system
subjugated to further the needs of a
The bi-lateral trading .program of
the Reich has been carried out with
a view toward creating a center of
many itself will take all the exports
she can get. All that is in question
is who will pay the United States for
such exports. It will of course get
marks, but what kind of marks?-
"As in pre-war and even wartime
Germany, the forms of capitalistic
banking, investment, public finance
and production will be preserved. It
is not theleast subtley of the totali-
tarian philosophy that it is careful to
preserve the forms of law and eco-
nomic contract. Effective control is
in the hands of the State which there-
fore does not need to destroy to com-
pete with, but simply uses and directs