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August 13, 1941 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1941-08-13

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Weather
Continued Cool

Jr

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

tu

Editorial
New French
Policy Revealed

VOL. L. No. 37 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 13, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Petain Issues Call
For Collaboration
With Former Foe

Berlin Claims Victories
Over Soviet In Ukraine

House Passes New

Draft

5p OR- I --

LENI NGRAD
PSKOVR K HOL M
(7NF

STALIN LINE
0
MOSO
M .

r--

Law

Extending Service

In Army Eighteen Months

French Premier
His Program
Nazis, French

Admits
Failed;
Aligned

Summer Hop
Dance Tickets
Now On Sale

The Gondoliers' Opens Today
As Final Offering Of Season

Darlan Takes O
All Military Contr
VICHY, Unoccupied France,,
12.-Marshal Philippe Petain f
fully summoned France to colla
ate willingly with Germany ton
gravely calling upon the nation
share with its conqueror in rec
ing the map of the world, and thr
ening to smash the legions of Fre
foes of the new order.
The 85-year-old chief of state
nounced his momentous decision
a radio address in which he fra
admitted to his uneasy countryj
that his own program for the re
eration of France had not succee
and that French democracy
dead-in fact never had lived in
American pattern.
To Aid Against Russia
He aligned France squarely be
Germany in its fight against Ru
a fight which tonight found the G
man legions piercing deeper into
Ukraine in what Petain called
gantic tasks in developments to
East (he strongly accented
phrase) in defense of a civiliza
and which can change the map
the world."
What course the collabora
would take was not stated.7
German-controlled press of Paris
been clamoring for weeks, howe
for joint German-French defense
Dakar and other French African p
sessions and a general military
well as economic and political co
eration with the Nazis.
Long-Term Labor
Collaboration, Petain observed,
a long-term labor and has not
been able to bear all its fruit."
To implement his decision, the
World War hero of Verdun, v
came out of virtual retirement
France's last desperate republi
days in 190 to lead the new regi
designated Vice Premier Adm
Jean Darlan to take full control
the French military structure. D
lan long has favored working w
Germany.
* * *
Washington Hints,
Martinique Move
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12.-(N)-
major crisis developed tonight
Franco-American relations, and p
dictions were heard on Capitol I
that the United States would bri
off diplomatic links with Vichy a
perhaps take over such strategic p
sessions as the Island of Martinic
Secretary of State Hull cle
hinted his worst fears had been ci
firmed by the elevation of Vice I
miral Jean Darlan to supreme cc
mand of France's armed forces a
other indications of French coll
oration with Hitler.
The subsequent broadcast of C-
of State Henri Petain, despite re
suring words directed to the Uni
States, served mainly to strengtl
the impression here that far-reai
ing decisions had been taken to
France into Adolf Hitler's "new
der" in Europe.
Senator George (Dem.-Ga.), w
until recently was Chairman of
Senate Foreign Relations Com
tee, told reporters the partners
between Germany and France mi
mean the United States wouldr
it necessary to occupy such Fre
territories as Martinique in order
forestall any move by Germany.
He said the United States and
other Western Hemisphere repub
would refuse to recognize any ri
of Germany to exercise joint cont
over such territories.
George also remarked the Fran
German collaboration policy mij
provide Germany with free use
the French fleet.
Two members of the Senate F
eign Relations Committee-Senat
Gillette (Dem.-Ia.) and Pep
(Dem.-Fla.) forecast a break in
plomatic relations between the Ur
ed States and France.

Rayburn Announces Final
Vote As 203 To 202
After Granting Recount
Senate Provisions
Remain Unaltered

10LENSK

Aug. A campus ticket sale today and to-
ate- morrow will announce to the student
bor- body the approachj.ng Summer Hop,
ght, which will be held from 9 p.m. to 1
to a.m. Friday in the League Ballroom.
eat- Corresponding, in the Summer Ses-
nch sion social calendar, to the tradi-
tional J-Hop of the academic year,
an- this event will feature the music of
in Clark McClellan's orchestra, who
nkly have prepared some new arrange-
men ments in Sweet Swing to offer stu-
gen- dents for the first time.
aded Decorations in the line of a "sum-
was mer night" portrayal have been
the planned by chairman Mary Habel.
Behind the band there will be a star-
spangled drop, and the entire floor
side will be resplendent with flowers and
ssia, other entities of summer scenery.
Ter- Selling tickets today at the Engi-
the neering Arch will be the following
"gi- women: 8 a.m., Jean Johnson; 9
the a.m., Jean Johnson; 10 a.m., Mary
the Neafie; 11 a.m., Betty Newman; 1
tion p.m., Jane Baits; 2 p.m., Barbara
of Brooks, and 3 p.m., Virginia Capron.
Before the Library will be these wom-
ton en: 9 a.m., Barbara Jenswold; 10
The a.m., Doris Allen ; 11 a.m., Ruth
has Gram; 1 p.m., Elsie Courtney; 2 p.m.,
ver, Mary Habel, and 3 p.m., Shirley Lay.
of Tickets, at 40 cents per person,
)os- may be purchased at any time from
as members of the League Council or
op- from the Office of the Social Direc-
tor in the League.
'is U nteest
yet
old VVW
whoIvolve World,

"
BELTSERKOV
UMAN
" 0 DNEPROPETROVSK
NKOL AEV
,t- O~DESS
As the Soviet-Nazi war theatre turned to the Ukraine region, the
Germans were reported in the region of Uman (1) and possibly in the
Dnepropetrovsk (2) area, forming a two-pronged drive threatening the
Black Sea naval base of Odessa (3). London reports expressed fear of
the fall of Nikolaev and Germans claimed the area of the Dnieper River
bend could be considered in Nazi hands.
* * 'I *

1
t
j
1

Concluding their 13th annual Sum-as Tessa, Betty Lou James as Casilda,
mer Season, the Michigan Repertory Ray Steele as Liuz, Duane Crossley
Players of the Department of Speech as Don Alhambradel Bolera and
will present "The Gondoliers" by W. Fawn Adkins as Inez.
S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan at In charge of the production are
8:30 p.m. today in the Lydia Men- Prof. Valentine B. Windt and Prof.
delssohn Theatre. Claribel Baird, directors; James
Featuring Maurice Gerow and Sam Wolfe, musical director; Elizabeth
Durrance in the roles of the two gon- Whitney, dance director;nAlexander
doliers, the opera deals with the ef- Wyckoff and Robert Mellencamp, art
forts of the Duke of Plaza-Toro and directors, and Evelyn Cohen and Em-
his wife to discover which of the two ma Hirsch, costumieres.
Venetian boatmen is the rightful heir The opera, which is being offered
to the throne of Barataria. Vernon in conjunction with the School of
B. Kellett and Stepheny Doranchek Music, the University Symphony Or-
will be seen as the Duke and Duchess. chestra and the Department of Phys-
Others in the cast are Virginia ical Education for Women, will be
Moore as Fiametta, Margaret Mar- shown through Tuesday with the ex-
tin as Gianetta, Katherine Sarich ception of Sunday.
Members of the Chorus of Gondo-
liers are Wendell Baker, Melvin
M ystery CycleBauer, David Burchuk, Marshall
Crouch, Hugh Cooper, Frank Fletch-
er, Stuart Gould, Grant Hagen, Hans
D ra a a sMetzger, Dandus Moore, Roger Reed,
Robert Reifsneider, Tudor Richards,
I A iuoi-uSydney Ritter, Richard Stephens,
Jack Ulanoff, Chester Webb and C.
R. Toho.
Norton Lists Large Cast; Florence Bailey, Harriet Cooper,
Elizabeth Crater, Jane Elliott, Elyse
Flays Will Be Presented Gissendanner, Marjorie Gravit, Na-
In Hill Auditorium omi Greifer, Lyle Gunn, Helen Hagy,
Martha Halbach, Doris Hess, Sarah
The cast for the Cycle of Six Me- Humphrey, Dorothy Love, Minnie
Merlin, Marjorie Moore, Virginia
dieval Mystery Plays to be presented Moore, Inez Musson, Elizabeth New-
8:30 p.m. Sunday by the Department ton, Aurelia Panfil, Carolyn Perkins
of Speech and the School of Music and Ethel Winnai comprise the
has been announced by Hu h Nn-r- Chorus of Contadine.

(By The Associated Press)

Bidwell

Says

Hemisphere Intervention
Means No Isolationism,
Council Head Declares
By HARRY M. KELSEY
"We cannot frame a policy which
will adequately protect our interests
in this hemisphere which does not
involve open and continuous par-
ticipation in world affairs," Dr. Percy
W. Bidwell, director of studies of
the Council of Foreign Relations,
stated in his lecture yesterday for
the Graduate Study Program in Pub-
lic Policy in a World at War.
"Actually," Dr. Bidwell pointed out,
"the United States cannot be inter-
ventionist as respects Latin America
The last lecture of the Public
Policy series, to have been given
today by Prof. Edward Meade
Earle of Princeton University, has
been cancelled because of Profes-
sor Earle's illness.
and at the same time isolationist as
respects Europe and the Far East."
Proof of this, Dr. Bidwell indicated,
can be found in the "galvanic effect
of Hitler's victories in Europe early
last summer upon our policies in
this hemisphere. We felt ourselves
threatened by the world-shaking
events across the Atlantic. For the
moment the threat was indirect. We
were not menaced by the prospect of
an immediate attack on our shores.
The danger lay in a more vulnerable
part of the hemisphere, in South
America."
We cannot defend the hemisphere
by a hemispheric policy, Dr. Bidwell
asserted. "No effective Latin Ameri-
can policy is possible outside the
(Continued on Page 3)
Railroad Union
Accepts Board
CHICAGO, Aug. 12.-(/P)--Nineteen
railroad labor organizations embrac-
ing approximately 1,200,000 workers
today accepted the services of the
National Railway Mediation Board
in their wage dispute with the na-

BERLIN, Aug. 12.- German troops
stormed forward to the shores of the
Black Sea today, hemming in large
Russian forces in the Odessa area
and making the Red Army's posi-
tion in the Ukraine virtually unten-
able, German military sources de-
clared tonight.
They did not disclose where the
sea was reached, but earlier Ger-
man, Italian and Slovak forces were
reported moving down both banks of
the Bug River, and it appeared they
had followed that stream southward
toward Nikolaev, port of the Bug
estuary 70 miles northeast of Odessa.
Russians Cut Off
Since German and Rumanian
troops have stood for weeks on the
Dniester River south and west of
Odessa, the drive down the Bug has
virtually closed all land escape for
the Russians at both Odessa and
Ochakov, 40 miles east of Odessa, it
was said.
The Russians were described as
hastening to try to withdraw what
troops they could by sea, and DNB
said six Russian transportsshad been
sunk by bombers off Odessa.
Soviet Forces 'Sit Tight'
Other Russian forces were said to
be still sitting tight in "a small area"
to the eastward in the big bend of
the Dniester River, which swingsI
southeastward from Kiev and then
cuts back southwest to empty into
the Black Sea.
The broad-flowing Dnieper itself
was portrayed as under control of
German weapons below Kiev, making
Russian traffic along it virtually im-
possible. DNB said German gunfire
sank three gunboats in the lower
Dnieper Sunday and Monday and
that 27,000 tons of Soviet shipping
had been destroyed there.
Meanwhile Moscow reported Soviet

defenders battling desperately today
to stem German rushes into the
Ukraine, where the outcome of fight-
ing was obscure.
The early morning communique
said there was nothing important to
report from the front.
It was the first time since the war
began that a communique failed to
mention the areas in which fighting
occurred.
Torpedo Boats.Destroyed
The communique asserted the Red
air force cooperated with land troops
attacking German motorized and
mechanized units and infantry. It
also reported the destruction Monday
of four German torpedo boats and
two transports by the Baltic fleet.
Russian fliers were credited with
destruction of 41 planes as compared
with a loss of 34 in air fighting Sun-
day. Final results of Monday night's
German raid on Moscow showed the
Germans lost two planes, the com-
munique said.
Postponed German
Film To Be Shown
The German film, "The Cobbler of
Koeppenick," originally scheduled to
be shown a week ago last Sunday but
postponed because of transportation
difficulties, will be presented at 8:15
p.m. Saturday in the Lecture Hall of
the Rackham School, the Art Cinema
League announced yesterday.
Season tickets for the Art Cinema's
series will be honored, and single
admissions will be available,
Another foreign film, the French
production "Harvest," has been ob-
tained and will be shown at 8:15 p.m.
Friday in the Lecture Hall of the
Rackham School. Tickets will go on
sale tomorrow at the Union, the
League and Wahr's book store.

G -
ton, director of the production.
The tentative cast includes Eliza-
beth Adams, Marjorie Adams, Wil-
liam Altman, W. H. Beaven, Ollierac
Bilby, Margaret Brown, Faye Bur-
rows, Paul Cairns, Carol Campbell,
Lillian Canon, Ethel Clark and Vir-
ginia Connell.
Others in the cast are Claire Cook,
Margaret Cotton, the Rev. C. F.
Crowley, C. S. B., Genevieve Edwards,
Roland Forton, Fay Goldner, William
Halstead, Dorothy Hanson, Dorothy
Haydel, Ray Ingham, Ellen Jones,
Frank Jones, Marjorie Keener and
Jane Kerr.
Marvin Levey, Herbert London,
Josephine McHenry, June Madison,
Marcella Madison, James Moll, Duane
Nelson, Frederick Nelson, Hugh Nor-
ton, Florence I. Panattoni, Veitch
Purdom, Roger Reed, Robert Ritten-
our, Beatrice Sandles, George P. Sar-
gent, Thomas Sawyer, Jr., and George
Shapiro will also have parts in the
spectacle.
John Sinclair, Evelyn Smith, Neil
Smith, Theo Turnbull, Chester Webb
and Merle Webb complete the list
of the cast.
Hugh Norton is directing the pre-
sentation, and Noble Cain is musical
director and organist.
There are still 1500 tickets avail-
able free of charge. They may be ob-
tained at the League Desk.
At 8:20 p.m. Sunday the general
public will be admitted without ticket
to all remaining seats. Ticket hold-
ers lose their preference at that time.

Japan Plans
Mobilization
Near Siam
Manuila Reports Nipponese
roop Will Enter Thai
To Meet British Forces
By FRANK L. MARTIN
MANILA, Aug. 12.-(OP)-The Jap-
anese High Command is planning to
place 180,000 troops in French Indo-
China, the majority of them in West
Cambodia adjoining the border of
Thailand, it was learned authorita-
tively tonight.
Foreign observers agree the Jap-
anese will enter Thailand when they
are organized and prepared to, meet
British troops now stationed in Bur-
ma and British Malaya along the
west and northwestern Thai border."
The number of troops the Japan-
ese are reported planning to move
into Indo-China is far greater than
has previously been mentioned. It
was announced officially by the
French Indo-China government July
30 that under last month's agree-
ment with Tokyo the Japanese would
move only 40,000 troops into south-
ern Indo-China to occupy military
bases granted Japan on its demand.
In northern Indo-China the Jap-
anese last September were given per-
mission to garrison 6,000 troops, but
the number later was swollen to
38.000 -actually there. Then the
northern forces were decreased.
I arrived in Manila from Indo-
China aboard a vessel carrying 55
American evacuees, a majority of
whom are missionaries. The Ameri-
cans felt Japanese control of Indo-
China had eliminated the possibility
of future religious and business ac-
tivities in the French colony.
Indo-China has been completely
occupied by the Japanese army-,
which controls all transpor'tation fa-
cilities and all internal communica-
tions and navigation at Indo-China's
principal ports.
Prof. Menefee To Lecture
O in St rsLawrence Project
Engineering and economic aspects
has+1 p rev -Aus+yTben entio-Cnd.".I

WASHINGTON, Aug. 12.-()--By
the breath-taking margin of a single
vote, the House tonight passed the
Army Service Extension Bill.
With the chamber tense and
hushed, Speaker Rayburn announced
the result as 203 to 202 for the meas-
ure. Rep. Short (Rep.-Mo.), from the
Republican committee table, imme-
diately demanded a recapitulation,
which Rayburn granted. The reca-
pitulation, a form of recount, showed
the same result.
In its final form, the bill called for
an eighteen-month extension of the
service of draftees, National Guards-
men, Reservists rand army enlisted
personnel.
Service Bonus Granted
It also would grant a $10 bonus for
each month spent in the army be-
yond 12. In addition it removed the
limitation of 900,000 upon the num-
ber of draftees who may be simul-
taneously in the army. All these
provisions were included in the bill
passed by the Senate last week.
The measure is now expected to
go to a Senate-House conference
committee which will iron out minor
differences in the legislation as it
passed the two chambers. Under the
usual Congressional rules, matter ap-
proved by both houses cannot be
stricken from the bill in conference.
Service Extended 18 Months
Early in today's fight the House
had accepted the Senate's provision
extending the active service of army
personnel for 18 months.
The provision, sponsored by ad-
ministration leaders, took the form
of an amendment to the bill which
originally called for an indefinite ex-
tension of service. The amendment
went through on a voice vote after
the rejection of a proposal that the
additional service be confined to six
months. This proposal, offered by
Rep. Hinshaw (Rep.-Calif.), was re-
jected 97 to 61.
Short Amendment Killed
The first test came on an amend-
ment by Rep. Short (Rep.-Mo.) elim-
inating from the resolution a decla-
ration that "the national interest is
imperiled" by events abroad. The
amendment, which also provided the
extended service of selectees should
be on a voluntary rather than a com-
pulsory basis, was rejected by a teller
vote of 185 to 146.
The balloting followed party lines
almost exclusively. When a division
vote was called for prior to the final
teller ballot on the issue, members
on the Republican side stood up vir-
tually en masse in support of the
amendment.
Patrick Toohey
To Talk Today
Patrick Toohey, state secretary of
the Communist party in Michigan,
will speak at 8 p.m. today in the
Union under the auspices of the Karl
Marx Society on "The World Front
Against Hitler."
Mr. Toohey has traveled extensively
and lived in the Soviet Union and has
been a leading labor organizer for
many years in the coal mining and
steel areas of this country. In his
talk Mr. Toohey will stress the for-
eign policy of the United States, the
character of the war, the Marxian
analysis of the world scene and the
dangers of a second Munich today.
Following the talk a question and
answer period will be held in which
everyone will be encouraged to par-
ticipate.
Andrews Are Wed
By Groom's Father
In a quiet little ceremony Sunday
afternoon, August 10, in Highland,
Indiana, Mr. and Mrs. Leonard o.
Andrews were united in marriage.
Mrs. Andrews was the former Ruth
A. McGinnis of Bickwell, Indiana.

Strother Discusses Speech Pathology;
Hunter Opens Final Conference Day

By EUGENE MANDEBERG
Opening the second day's activities
of the Speech conference, sponsored
by the department of speech, Dr.
Charles R. Strother. professor of
speech pathology and clinical psy-
chology at the State University of
Iowa, lectured at 9 a.m. in the W. K.
Kellogg auditorium on "Present
Trends in Research in Speech Path-
ology."
Pointing out that the majority of
speech theses for the past decade
have concerned themselves primarily
with stammering, Dr. Strothers dis-
cussed some of the experiments that
have been carried out to determine
the causes and effects of the dis-
order.
Clinically, Dr. Strother said, there
are~ 1,i'L three p ay, iz r frmi',q of cdfam.-

the speech department's clinic at the
University .
Delegates gathered at Morris Hall
for the afternoon program, a talk
by Mr. Earle McGill on "Problems in
Radio Directing."
Mr. McGill, who is casting director,
director, and producer of the Colum-
bia Broadcasting System, discussed
the arts and devises of radio directing
and then followed with a practical
demonstration by supervising the re-
hearsal of a radio program which
will be broadcast later.
Final event of the second day of
the Conference was the performance
of "Ladies In Waiting," a mystery
drama by Cyril Campion. The play
was presented by the Secondarv
School Theatre of the department of
speech, under the direction of Miss

Omicron Delta Kappa, and the Na-
tional Association of Teachers of
Speech.
At 10:30 a.m., Professor Hunter
will follow up his talk with a lecture-
recital of "King Lear."
A speech luncheon will be held at
12:15 p.m. today honoring students
of speech who will receive their de-
grees in August. All delegates to the
Conference are invited to attend the
luncheon which will be held in the
ballroom of the League,
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre will be
the scene for. the afternoon program.
Beginning at 3 p.m., the staff of Play
Production of the department of
speech will hold a conference on
problems of dramatic production, and
Prof. Emeritus Thomas C. Trueblood

Woody
On

To Speak Today
Curriculum Trend

Dr. Clifford Woody is to speak to-
rlai, af.A4 n m in tTTnvriti+r h

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