THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, AUGUST 12, 1941
PAGE TWO TUESDAY. AUGUST 12, 1941
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Daily Calendar of Events
Tuesday, August 12
9:00 a.m. Speech Conference. (Kellogg Auditorium.)
2:30 p.m. Lecture by Mr. Earle McGill, Casting Director and Producer, Columbia
Broad casting System. Open forum. Demonstration broadcast over WJR
at 4:45 p.m. (Kellogg Auditorium.)
4:05 p.m. Lecture. "What It Takes To Succeed." T. Luther Purdom, Director of
the University Bureau of Appointments and Occupational Information.
(University High School Auditorium.)
4:15 p.m. Lecture. "Self-Containment and Hemisphere Defense." Percy W. Bid-
well, Director of Studies, Council of Foreign Relations, New York City.
(Rackham Lecture Hall.)
7:30 p.m. Duplicate Bridge. Michigan League.
8:30 p.m. Concert, by the faculty of the School of Music. (Hill Auditorium.) Mr.
George Poinar and Prof. Joseph Brinkman-Sonata for violin and piano.
Prof. Christman, Organist. The string section of the Chamber Music
Class under direction of Hanns Pick will play a Concerto.
"""f "" "W "*""""""O""" ""N"Y"M4 --M= f
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NIGHT EDITOR: KARL KESSLER
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
An Open Letter
To Our Representative. .
DEAR Representative Michener:
You are now engaged on the floor
of Congress in a debate the outcome of which
will mean much to the youth of your country.
We students of the University of Michigan
at Ann Arbor find the course of our lives for
the next several years, not to mention the effect
of the events of those years on our later lives,
bound up in the words that are spoken and the
decisions that will be made by you and your
colleagues during the next few days.
Merely the lack of proportion in that alone,
that a few days work of a group of men six hun-
dred miles away will determine the nature of the
decisions we must make and the lives we must
lead for some years afterward, not only us, but
young men and women of our age all over the
country, leads to a state of confusion in our
minds. We are perplexed, we have a feeling that
powerful hands over which we have no control
are at work shaping our destinies, as though God
Almighty on a rampage, a God of wrath, were
sitting under the Capitol dome.
IN SHORT, we have many ideas on the subject,
some of which conflict, some of which are
paradoxical. But there are certain fundamental
things of whichwe are sure.
Among these things is the sincere belief
that we who have not yet been drafted and
our friends who are already in camp have
no intention of sitting quietly and taking,
not on the chin but a rabbit punch to the
back of the neck, any such service extension
plan as has been formulated by the Senate of
these United States.
We are not unpatriotic. We love our country
and we are willing to fight for her, if she needs
us. But we are far from being convinced that
she needs us to carry arms for her at present, or
that there exists any such emergency that
threatens to make it necessary for us to bear
arms in the near future.
IF, under these conditions, our Congress in
Washington decides to kow-tow to a highly
militaristic Army Chief of Staff and if, with no
regard for the sentiment of the country's popu-
lation it decides to order that we must serve
under arms for two and a half years with no
small probability that, if General Marshall
wishes, the time will be extended once more at
the end of that term, we will not stand for it!
There are many ways in which we can ex-
press our disapproval, from peaceful rallies
to bloody revolution, and we doubt very
much if peaceful rallies will satisfy the deep
indignation and all the other pent-up eno-
tions that have been formed in our genera-
tion by the world we have inherited. Hate
and fear are murderous companions.
We're not just talking big and foolishly. The
most harmless beast, when trapped and prodded
sufficiently, will turn and fight.
WE ACCEPTED a one-year draft, and we are
willing to continue with that. And even with
that we are called upon to make great sacrifices.
If you don't know what that one year means to
us you can not possibly have any concept of what
an extension would mean. If you don't know
What that one year means to us, you've been
blind and deaf for the last year. If you don't
WASHINGTON - Colonel William Donovan
has the inside track for Civil Defense Adminis-
trator when Mayor LaGuardia steps out of the
The plan is to combine Civil Defense with
Donovan's new office as Coordinator of Intelli-
gence Information. White House advisers con-
sider that the two fit together and that the dy-
namic World War hero has the executive ability
and experience to direct both.
Insiders expect New York's able "Little Flower"
to quit, as CDA as soon as his thir term mayor-
alty campaign gets hot.
Few now recall that when LaGuardia took the
post he said it might be only for a short time to
get things started. He is amply equipped to run
Civil Defense and his choice was widely approved.
But the plain fact is that he hasn't the time to
give the job what it requires.
It's full-time work, and then some. LaGuardia
has been putting in about one day a week, and
when he is in Washington he works at a furious
pace. But even with his enormous driving capa-
city the job is too vast, requires a hand at the
helm six days and even some nights a week.
While Mayor of New York it is impossible for
LaGuardia to devote that much time to Civil
Defense. Next to the Presidency, running New
York City is the biggest public post in the coun-
try, and the Little Flower, quite rightly, permits
nothing to interfere with his civic duties. It is
inescapable that CivilDefense should suffer as a
Weak Assistance . .
Not helping the situation any has been La-
Guardia's choice of assistants.
Inner Administrationites raised their eyebrows
when he installed in Washington as his right-
hand aide Thomas Semmes Walmsley, one-time
mayor of New Orleans and foe of Huey Long.
Walmsley is charming and well-intentioned, but
what he doesn't know about the problems of
civil defense is plenty.
Also, when LaGuardia took over the agency he
announced that state governors would be in
charge of civil defense activities locally. This was
good strategy to secure state cooperation. But
when he turned around and started giving the
assignments to mayoral friends about the coun-
try, which has irked the governors. Some of
them have sent hot protests to the White House.
Meanwhile some members of a citizens Coop-
eration Committee that LaGuardia appointed are
privately wondering what it is all about. Sevetal
weeks ago they were summoned to Washington
for a "conference", staged in the White House
and attended by Mrs. Roosevelt. The affair was
surrounded with deep secrecy, but actually no-
thing took place and committee members de-
parted for their homes completely mystified. The
committee hasn't done a thing since.
State Department of Russia ...
The Peace Mobilization pickets who quit their
vigil infront of the White House immediately
after Hitler invaded Russia, were not the only
ones caught short by the war in the east. Equally
embarrassed was Assistant Secretary of State
The brilliant Mr. Berle, who was Woodrow
Wilson's chief adviser on Russia at the Versailles
conference, has been about the bitterest Russian-
hater in the State Department-a place which
specialized in Russian-haters. Last summer
when Under Secretary Sumner Welles was trying
to keep alive a patchwork friendship with Russia,
Berle was a died-in-the-wool pessimist.
But the other day, talking to W. W. Lancaster,
attorney for the National City Bank, Berle made
a revolutionary admission. Russia, he said, now
could be considered the great hope of the world.
However, the Assistant Secretary of State still
retains enough suspicion of Russian diplomats
to give this warning to Lancaster, who is a friend
of Soviet Ambassador Oumansky:
"I want you to know," said Berle, "that we
know all about those conversations you're having
Note-Berle is ncknamed the "Hap Hopper"
of the State Department because unofficially he
heads the Department's new detective bureau.
July Plane Figures . .
Preliminary July figures for airplane produc-
tion show another backward month, the second
Total of military planes produced in July was
1460-a drop of 16 from the June all-time high
of 1476. In May the figure slumped below the
April total, which was the record up to then.
Primary reason for the July decline, according
to OPM experts, was a shortage of certain deli-
cately calibrated flying instruments. The experts
say that actually more planes were turned out in
July than June, but without instruments they
could not be completed for delivery.
Various reasons are given for this instrument
bottleneck;rshortage of labor, materials, new de-
signs, lack of tools. The May slump was charged
to labor troubles. Whatever the reasons, U. S.
aircraft production has yet to top the 1500-a-
month mark so confidently predicted by OPM
moguls months ago.
However, the experts now prophesy a 1500 out-
put this month-provided instrument deliveries
come through. They base this on the backlog of
unfinised planes in July, plus an increase in
plant production. But, they admit, their guess
may be wrong, as it has been in the past.
Negro Housing . , .
John Carmody, Federal Works Administrator,
took a trip to the Pittsburgh area to meet con-
tractors in defense jobs. While there, he asked
McKeesport, Pa., officials to show him the site
of the new Negro housing development.
Bringing out a map, they pointed to a site on
the shores of the Youghiogheny River. It looked
very pretty-on the map. But Carmody is a real-
ist. "Take me to the spot," he said; "I want to
So they took him to the spot. "Where is it?"
said Carmody. "I don't see it."
"Right here, said the officials. The spot they
pointed to was under water.
They hastened to explain. "We're building a
dam just above here, and the water will be kept
"How long before you build the dam?" said
"About a year and a half."
"Good Lord!" said Carmody. "And how much
is this land-if you want to call it land-how
much is it worth?"
"Five thousand dollars an acre."
Carmody turned in amazement. "Wash it up!"
he exclaimed. "Wash it up, we don't want it!"
And he transferred the Negro housing develop-
ment to a new area of land away from the river.
Note-Carmody is taking on increased power
with every new defense development. Latest to
come under his direction is the $320,000,000 ap-
propriation for immediate construction of roads
for national defense.
Trouble-Shooter . ..
The door opens, and Merril C. Meigs, all 6 feet
5 inches of him, comes trough it. He has just
left Knudsen's office upstairs. There is a troub-
led expression on his face.
"Try to get Wright on the Coast somewhere,"
he says to his secretary. He lets his big frame
down into the desk chair. "Meantime, get me
A man is waiting to see him. "Perhaps this is
a bad moment," says the visitor. Meigs smiles.
'They're all bad, he says. He picks up the phone.
"Hello, John; how about this man in Toledo? He
looks good to me; whata do you say?"
His voice is deep and quiet. His heaed would
please a sculptor.-The whole effect is stuff for
"Yes, all moments are bad moments. That's
what I'm here for. Things don't come to me until
they're in badl shape. Something goes wrong in
a plat making propellors or pumps or wheels. I
get the president on the phone, and I make it
clear to him what his slack production means to
the rest of that airplane.
"In other words, I try to get the part going."
Merril Meigs talks like an industrialist. Actu-
ally he's a newspaper publisher, and The Chicago
Herald and American still pays his salary, though
he is working not for Hearst, but for Knudsen.
He is Director of the Aircraft Section of the
Office of Production Management.
Fifty years ago, Meigs was an Iowa boy. At the
University of Chicago he was good enough at
football to be on the world champion team of
When Lindberg flew to Paris in 1927, Meigs
was sufficiently impressed to undertake flying
himself. He went to a private field near Chicago,
trained in a J-5 Stinson and later in a Fleet
trainer for aerobatics.
That was 14 years ago, ad Meigs is still flying.
(Editor's Note: I now have five
readers: my girl, my ma. myself, the
linotype operator who sets the col-
umn up, and the fellow that wrote
this letter. Ain't popularity grand!)
should like to take exception to
your column of Aug. 9 concerning
the problem of an extended draft.
You have, apparently in the heat of
indignation, beclouded the true is-
sues. Let us examine the situation
In the first place, you must cer-
tainly agree that it is utter folly to
attempt to defend oneself against
the best trained military machine
the .world has ever known, with an
army, however large, of ill-trained
soldiers. You must also agree that
this war is highly mechanized, intri-
cately coordinated, involving huge
numbers of highly trained men to
operate them. Great quantities of
machines alone will not suffice; they
are worse than useless without the
personnel to run them. Any com-
petent military authority will vouch
for the fact that adequate training
to operate these machines cannot be
completed in a year, especially when
you have to start from scratch. The
consequences of an attempt to de-
fend this country with a half-trained
army are too obvious to merit discus-
sion. It is therefore absolutely nec-
essary for the defense of our demo-
cratic way of life that we do the job
right. We cannot afford to gamble.
You say thirty months is a mighty
long time. That depends on how
you look at it. Back around 1776 it
wasn't too long to spend in the pres-
ervation of liberty. We've been liv-
ing on the fruits of that effort for
some time now, taking it pretty much
for granted. But in a world like ours
today, we can't take it for granted
any more. We have to do something
about it. The essence of real democ-
racy, as I see it, is a willingness to do
something about it. That's not chau-
vinism, and it's not militarism. It's
just plain common sense. I'll wager
the French would gladly swap thirty
months for a pretty sure guarantee
THE MORALE PROBLEM is tough.
But let's look at that clearly, too.
The majority of the boys don't mind
the sacrifice they are called on to
make. Ninety percent of the grip-
ing is natural American griping, just
like your protests, and mine, when
our plans are upset, even for a good
reason. No, the boys don't mind the
sacrifice so much, nor the so-called
"breaking faith." But they hate to
think they're being suckers, that
they're the only ones Who are making
the sacrifice. In a democracy, every-
body should share in the responsi-
bility and in the sacrifice. So when
they read that only 15% of American
industry is engaged in defense pro-
duction, they begin to wonder. And
when they read about work stoppages
in vital industries, whether it be the
fault of capital or labor, they begin
to think they have been duped. They
know the extent of the sacrifice they
are called on to make.They suspect
that the rest of the nation is still in
the ballyhoo stage of any sacrifice
at all (with the possible exception of
pots and silk stockings). And they
get justifiably angry. They see inef-
ficiency and politics in the army and
in Congress, and they suspect that
they are the football; and you and
I both resent being kicked around.
That's the essence of the morale
problem. Thirty months, or longer,
is a cheap price to pay; but this
thing has to be Dutch treat. It can't
be on the house, and when it's on
you, or on the boys in the army, they
have a right to kick.
We have little use for a large
standing army; even the experts
agree on that. But we must have a
tremendous army, tremendously well
trained, to fall back on. We can't
afford to quite halfway through the
training job. And we can't afford
to let the boys in training bear the
biggest part of the sacrifice. If ev-
erybody pitches in, we cn do the job.
Only remember this: regardless of
what Congress does, the "normal
swing of American life" is out, for
awhile. These are abnormal times.
And "pretty well trained"~ is a one-
way ticket to suicide. The times call
for sacrifice. If everybody is willing,
thirty months is a bargain.
O OFFER REBUTTAL to your let-
ter would merely be to reiterate
what I said in my column of August
9, and that would merely take up
valuable space and valuable time. I
still stand by in my original conten-
tion: that to keep draftees in longer
would be to destroy any semblance of
morale that our army may have.
And I think, Leonard, if you'll talk
awhile with some draftees-ordinary
fellows like you and me-that you'll
see mypoint: a Detroit lawyer, a
mechanic from Grand Rapids. and
others I've talked to in my galavant-
Your point about soldiers being
GRIN AND BEAR IT
\i}, ./ \/Ij .
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I -- - --
"But I don't need to see anything! When you wear a sophisticated
hat like this, you're supposed to have seen everything!"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
a A I
()' 1941,Chiea,Tinms Ic
Reg. U. 8.Pat Off..Al Rts. Rots
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session before 3:34 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
The demonstration of casting, di-
recting, and presenting the radio
play, "Little Johnny Appleseed," will
be held from 2:30 to 5 p.m. today in
Morris Hall. Mr. Earle McGill, Pro-
duction Director of the CBS, will
conduct the demonstration before a
Speech Conference: The Second
annual Speech Conference spon-
sored by the Department of Speech
will continue today and tomorrow,
August 12 and 13. All sessions are
open to the public. Today's events:
2 a.m. "Present Trends in Re-
search in Speech Pathology," Dr.
Charles R. Strother, Associate Pro-
fessor of Speech Pathology and Clin-
ical Psychology, State University of
Iowa, demonstration conducted by
the staff of the Speech Clinic of the
Department of Speech, Kellogg Audi-
2:30 p.m. Lecture by Earle McGill,
casting director, director and produc-
er, Columbia Broadcasting System;
University broadcast over Station
WCAR, Morris Hall.-
8:30 p.m.: Secondary School The-
ater of the Department of Speech
performance of "Ladies in Waiting,"
Ann Arbor High School Auditorium.
Duplicate Bridge: A Duplicate
Bridge tournament will be held as
usual this evening in the Michigan
League. It will begin at 7:30 o'clock.
Record Concert for Graduate Stu-
dents and others interested will be
held Tuesday, August 12 in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. The following program will
be played: Handel, Concerto for Vi-
ola and Orchestra, Mozart Sonata for
Two Pianos, Szostakowicz, Fifth
Faculty Concert: Palmer Chris-
tian, Organist; Joseph Brinkman,
Pianist; George Poinar, Violinist; and
and the string section of the summer
session Chamber of Music Class, un-
der the direction of Hanns Pick, will
present a concert at 8:30 p.m., Tues-
day, August 12, in Hill Auditorium.
This concert will be complimentary to
the general public.
At the Phi Delta Kappa luncheon
this noon in the Michigan Union,
Professor Edward Everett Dale,
Chairman of the Department of His-
tory, University of Oklahoma, will
present some personal reminiscences
of "Frontier School Days." Members
are invited to brnig guests. This is
the final luncheon of the summer.
The Fellowship of Reconciliation
will meet this evening in Lane Hall
at 7:30 to continue discussion of the
first chapter of the book "War With-
out Violence" by Krishnald Shridhar-
ani. Please read the reference ma-
terial before coming. (On file at Lane
Hall.) Everyone is invited.
Home Loans: The University In-
vestment Office, 100 South Wing,
will be glad to consult with anyone
considering building or buying a home
or refinancing existing mortgages.
The University has money to loan
on mortgages and is eligible to make
Colleges of Literature, Science and
the Arts, and Architecture; Schools
of Education, Forestry, and Music:
Summer Session students wishing a
transcript of this summer 's work
only should file a request in Room 4
U.H., several days before leaving Ann
Arbor. Failure to file this request
before the end of the session will re-
sult in a needless delay of several
Medical Round Table: Dr. Henry
Field of the University Hospital will
be the speaker at the Medical Round
Table on Wednesday, August 13, at
7:30 p.m. in the Recreation Room of
the International Center. His sub-
ject will be "A4itaminosis."
Thursday, August 14, at 8:00 p.m.
Prof. F. N. Menefee will give an il-
lustrated lecture on "The St. Law-
rence Waterway." This lecture is
open to the general public. (Amphi-
theater, Rackham Bldg.)
Freshmen and Sophomores, Col-
lege of Literature, Science and the
Arts. Students who will have fresh-
man and sophomore standing at the
end of the Summer Session and who
plan to return this fall should have
their first semester elections ap-
proved before they leave the cam-
pus. You may make an appointment
to see me either by telephoning Ex-
tension 613 or by calling at the office
of the Academic Counselors, 108 Ma-
Arthur Van Duren,
Chairman, Academic Counselors
(Continued on Page 3)
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