THE MICHIGAN DAILY
'HE MICHIGAN DAILY
By DREW PEARSON and ROBERT S. ALLEN
GRIN AND BEAR IT
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NIGHT EDITOR: BILL BAKER
The editorials published in The Michi-
gap Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
M ORE THAN 20. years ago Japan
emerged from World War I a vic-
torious if dissatisfied ally of Great Britain. Prog-
nosticators of the era foresaw the Land of the
Rising Sun remaining a bedfellow of the de-
mocracies, developing in the direction of inter-
Today Nippon stands, a military dictatorship
combining the worst features of feudal despotism
and modern totalitarianism, with all the power
of the English-speaking world arrayed against
It's been a long trail in the last 20 years, still
rather hazy to contemporary commentators.
But historians may some day point to the period
as one of the most remarkable episodes in his-
IT STARTEID almost precisely 10 years ago, on
the night of Sept. 18, 1931, when the first of
many grim legions of little men marched into
Manchuria. The pretext was self-defense: on
that day the Chinese had allegedly blown up
three feet of track belonging to the South Man-
churian Railroad, a Japanese enterprise near
Mukden. In order to prevent further depreda-
tions, the Japanese army was forced to take
over one of the three Manchurian provinces.
A League of Nations committee investigated
the Japanese chrges, reported that the Mukden
incident had ne'ver taken place. Real reason for
the seizure of Manchuria and later Jehol and
Inner Mongolia seems to have been the fear of
Japanese militarists that the liberals would gain
too much power at home. The army tok action
without the knowledge of civil authorities back
in Tokyo, caused the liberal cabinet of Baron
Reijiro Wakatsuki to resign, and now held the"
IN 1932 the United States and Great Britain
muddled an opportunity to stop Japan under
the Nine-Power Treaty, by which the nations
involved pledged to respect the territorial integ-
rity of China. When the two nations failed to
act together, Japan occupied the Chinese port
of Shanghai, claiming that Japanese lives were
endangered by a campaign of boycott and propa-
ganda being conducted by the Chinese. A year
later both the Manchurian and Shanghai ven-
tures were branded by the League of Nations as
unprovoked, and Japan indignantly withdrew
from that august body.
The next four years were quiet, with the Jap-
anese organizing the puppet state of Manchukuo
and the Chinese' resorting to passive economic
resistance. On July 7, 1937, Chinese troops were
reported to have fired on Japanese forces maneu-
vering near Peiping. With this as the excuse the
war in China was started, intended to be "a quick
subjugation of the Chinese and overthrow of
the Chiang Kai-shek government. The war is
still going on ... .
JAPAN now holds military and communication
centers in Eastern China, but has failed to
gain either major objective. The invading forces
have bogged down expensively in the interior of
a vst and perhaps unconquerable country.
Meanwhile Japan has joined the Axis, pro-
claimed her hegemony over Asia, has stepped on
the international toes of every democratic na-
It is against such a background that Japan
now moves into Indo-China, to threaten Singa-
pore, Malaya, the Dutch East Indies. Pretext:
to protect herself against -encirclement by the
United States and Great Britain. "Japanese
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The Merry-Go-Round's
famous brass ring is awarded to the little
businessman, whom the New Deal vowed to
save, but who is getting almost nowhere
under the Defense program.)
WASHINGTON-On three different and his-
toric occasions Franklin Roosevelt has been elect-
ed President of the United States despite the
vitriolic opposition of Big Business and on a
Democratic platform which featured attacks
on Big Business.
Yet today, the Roosevelt Administration and
Big Business arewalking hand-in-hand as far
as the Defense program is concerned, while the
little fellow looks on ruefully from the side-lines.
The Brandeis theory that this nation prospers
most when business is broken into small parcels
scattered over the country still exists - but only
in theory. In practice, the big contractor, the
big engineering firm, the big munitions company
gets the government job, almost every time.
THUS the Roosevelt Administration now finds
itself in the unique position of having
awarded one-third of all. Army-Navy expendi-
tures during the past year to exactly six firms:
Bethlehem Steel, New York Shipbuilding, Gen-
eral Motors, duPont, Newport News Ship, and
These six firms were given contracts totalling
nearly ten billion dollars.
Some of this concentration of orders is nec-
essary, because these are specialized firms. Much
of it, on the other hand, is unnecessary but
comes about because the big companies have
their close friends in the Army and Navy, with
whom they have done business for years. In
the contracting field, for instance, a half dozen
big building firms have frozen out practically all
THEREare any number of building projects
which could be handled by small firms. But
nine times out of ten, they don't get the jobs.
All the paths in Washington are greased to give
the little fellows the run-around as speedily and
noiselessly as possible. Officials are so skilled in
this that they do it automatically.
Here, for instance, is the actual story of a
small contractor and what happened to him,
play by play, in trying to get a Government
contract. Everything printed below is factual
except the name. If the name was published,
this contractor wouldn't even get in the door.
"John Dawson" is vice-president of a general
contracting company with offices in blew York,
has handled jobs as big as 2% 2millions in the
past, but i not big enough to have a represen-
tative in. Washington. So Dawson came to Wash-
ington himself, asked officials whether he ought
to retain a representative who could help hin
bid on projects.
"No indeed," he was told. "You need nobody
here. We don't want to deal with agents. Just
write us a letter to say what kind of work you've
done and we'll get in touch with you."
Dawson thought he could do even better than
writing a letter, so he prepared a display book
with photographs of work his company had
done, together with the records of his engineers.
It was a most impressive booklet, and on May 8
he filed copies with the Navy, Army Engineers,
Public Buildings Adminstration and National
Defense Advisory Commission.
THEN he waited. But nothing happened. After
a month he came to Washington again.
Going to the Navy first, he told Commander
Spalding that he would like to discuss his com-
pany's fitness to handle contracts.
"Sorry but I can't discuss it," replied Com-
mander Spalding. "My hands are tied." And he
produced a letter from the Secretary of the
Navy saying there could be no discussion of
future projects because it night reveal their
location and character to the enemy.
This soujded fine from the public's viewpoint,
but obviously it meant that a contractor had no
way of getting business unless he happened to
have a friend on the inside. If you had a friend
in the Navy, for instance, who could tip you off
when a project was under consideration, you
were OK. Otherwise you had no chance to get
busy until the contract was let.
Commander Spalding did suggest, however,
that Dawson make the rounds of public works
offices handling Navy projects along the Atlantic
coast. Dawson followed this suggestion and
traveled all the way to Savannah, Ga. But it
turned out to be merely a goodwill mission.
The Vice President'
EANWHILE, from a friendly source in the
Army Engineers he got a tip that a new
Air Corps project was to be, built in New York
state. So Dawson hustled over to Rome, N.Y.
to put in a bid.
"Sorry, my friend," he was told on arrival,
"but you're about a month late."
Another contractor had just been brought
into the picture and the job was assigned, al-
though no announcement had been given until
a few days before.
Dawson was defeated in Washington, lost time
in Georgia, and missed a contract in New York.
Now he was back in Washington to start the
unhappy merry-go-round all over again. But
meanwhile a bright light came to Dawson. He
decided to get a local agent.
However, contractors are obliged to take an
oath that they employ no agents. But he had
heard of a neat scheme whereby an agent was
given a title in the company, perhaps of vice-
president. Then the agent or "vice-president" is
paid $500 a month, and if he lands a contract he
gets additional pay amounting to ten per cent.
JOHN DAWSON sat in his shirt-sleeves in a hot
hotel room, his head in his hands. It was typ-
ical summer weather in the nation's Capital, and
he thought of his family on the coast of Maine.
So far he had spent three months knocking on
Government doors and cooling his heels in ante-
Finally Dawson decided:,"I don't like this lob-
bying business. But other people are ding it
and signing the contracts. So I'm going to em-
ploy a lobbyist myself. 'When you're in Rome,
do as the Romans do.'
Note-This is not an isolated case. On the
contrary, several score of small business men
have been given the same War and Navy brush-
off every day since the Defense program first
got under way.
PRICE Defense Adminstrator Leon Henderson
is planning to go to England for a first-hand
study of wartime price regulation - after Con-
gress has enacted his control bill . . . Inciden-
tally, certain Adminstration chieftans could
learn a good lesson from Henderson on how to
broach legislation. Instead of peremptorily
throwing a bill at Congress, he has astutely con-
ferred with Senate and House leaders on what
should go into his measure . . . Here is a graphic
example of how overcrowded Washington is to-
day. When the ornate Justice Department build-
ing was completed in 1932, it housed a total of
900 officials and employees, who rattled around
in the huge structure like dice in a shaker. Prac-
tically everybody, from messengers up, had a
private office. Today, the Washington person-
nel of the Department is over 7,500 and office
space is so scarce that many of the corridors
are being used for offices.
OfMikes & Mien
By JUNE MCKEE
BEFORE GOING on to Interlochen to conduct
a class in broadcasting, Judith Cary Waller
-revealed several pertinent points regarding
"Woman's Place in Radio." Though "not a fem-
inist," she declared that breaking down of preju-
dice a1gainst women was necessary before their
breaking into radio could be assured. Then, the
selling of self to station managers, she stated,
was a prime factor in gaining a place behind
Toward this position, voice and personality
are most important, Miss Waller believes. "First,
be sure of the thing you're doing, then like it
so you can't help but be natural." This natural-
ness, Judith Waler feels, is woman's most diffi-
cult point to establish on the air. "It's hard for
women to be conversational and natural when
trying fo put on a show" . . . . While television
will doubtlessly increase opportunities for women
in the radio field, Miss Waller sees the develop-
ing war situation also opening more avenues to
feminine sway behind the mike.
* * *
The latest issue of BROADCASTING shows a
nice shot of Hoosier Hammer Harmon signing
the contract with G. A. Richards, president of
WJR, that at last realizes his announcing ambi-
tion ... This weekly also reveals the FCC's
granting of a new FM license to Lansing's col-
lege station. The coverage area is stipulated at
3,800 square miles, while antennae will be set up
in the Olds Tower ....
It certainly seems that other educational in-
stitutions are forging forward in radio work.
Jack Zuideveld, of nom d'air "Walters-Your
Wheatiescaster," writes that Iowa State's WSUI
has great influence out that way, with most of
the cub announcers in Iowa stations selected
from there . . . . Jack is handling play-by-play
accounts of activities in the Three-Eye League
over WMT, 5,000-watt basic affiliate of the Co-
lumbia network-also sailing under insignia of
"special events director" .. . . as isDick Slade,
in again from W45D ... .
Through WJR today, tuners-in at 2:30 p.m.
will hear "Halsted Street' enacted by students of
Don Hargis, and then some verse offered by
Pauline McMurray, Edith Woodard, Roger Reed
and Frank Jones. Those presenting the drama
include Betty Gallagher Thelma Davis, Edith
Woodard, Madeline Rupp, Betty Wooster and
Ted McOmber. Joan Sack will furnish the music.
"What's In a Name?" will title the program
written by E. S. Cortright, directed by Mr. Jimmy
Church, and enacted by Dorothy Haydel, Doro-
thy Durkee, Bob and Jean Cortright, Clara
Behringer, Ruth Glaser, James Glick, Mildred
Janusch, Bill Cady, Sheldon Hilliard, Mary Lev-
ey, Tom Armstrong, Virginia Connell, Hugo
Marple, and Madeline Rupp. WJR is the sta-
tion, tomorrow at 11 a.m. the half-hour.
On Monday, "Oh, You Women" will be offered
by the students of Prof. Waldo Abbot, and Tues-
day, "This ahd That" is to feature a Red Cross
talk. These WJR programs, as all those weekly,
are aired at 4:45 p.m.
Ebenezer Stalin, 28, nephew of
Russian dictator Joseph Stalin,
killed in automobile accident July 31,
Ann Arbor, Michigan. Sophomore at
University of Michigan. Car ran into
telephone pole at approximately 50
miles an hour according to witnesses.
News Item .
ANN ARBOR, Mich, August 1.-
Ebenezer Stalin, a sophomore at the
University of Michigan and nephew
of Premier Joseph Stalin of Russia,
was killed in an automobile accident
here yesterday when the car he was
,driving careened into a telephone
pole at a high rate of velocity, caus-
ing the telephone pole to fall upon
the top of the automobile, which re-
sulted in the student's death, as
Repercussions were felt in New
York when the stock market fluc-
tuated, and General Motrs stock
went down two points due to the fact
that the victim was driving a Chev-
- The New York Times
Ebenezer Stalin, '43, was killed in
an automobile accident in Ann Arbor
July 31. He was the nephew of
Joseph Stalin, who is dictator of the
'Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
(Russia). The car hit a telephone
pole, setting the law of gravity into
effect, and the pole lit on the stu-
dent's head. He had an excellent
record in the University.
- The Michigan Alumnus
Death as it must to all men came
July 31 to Ebenezer Stalin, nephew of
Russian chief Stalin, sophomore at
Michigan's plush University at Ann
Eclectic, erudite Ebenezer had been
in this country two months, had pur-
chased a new Chevie, had been out
on a party, had had three Wolverine
Whiz-bangs*, had brown hair, had
blue eyes, had on a striped brown
checked suit, had a crushed head
afterhis car struck a telephone pole.
"A common campus cocktail. Reci-
pe: two jiggers vodka, one gin, one
ruip, one teaspoon buttermilk, angos-
tura bitters, olive, three drops ethyl
ANN ARBOR, August 1-A sexual
orgy and a wild drinking party were
hinted at today following the death
of Ebenezer Stalin, 28, nephew of
Russian Premier Stalin and sopho-
more at the University.
Stalin was killed last night when
his car crashed into a telephone
pole at the rate of 89% miles per
hour, causing the telephone pole to
smash his headsplattering the street
The victim had been at a party and
was returning home. Others at the
party said that drinking had been
at a high rate all evening, and ghat
Stalin had been in the company of
a young lady of "questionale repu-
- The Detroit Times
Ebenezer Stalin, 28 years of age,
was killed in an automobile accident
here Thursday. He was the nephew
of Joseph Stalin.
- Ann Arbor News, August 3
BERLIN, August 1-An official
High Command communique report-
ed today that Premier Joseph Sta-
lin's nephew, Ebenezer, was dead as
the result of an automobile accident
in Ann Arbor, Michigan, U. S. A.
The war is continuing according
to plan, the communique continued,
and 5,832 Russians were killed yes-
terday and Pjinshkx was bombed by
- DNB, Official German News Agency
MOSCOW, August 1-Moscow to-
day denied the rumor that Premier
Joseph Stalin's nephew, Ebenezer,
had been killed in an auto accident,
and branded it as Nazi propaganda
designed to destroy Russian morale.
The war communique further said
that the war is continuing according
to plan, and that 5,832 Germans were
killed yesterday and -Pjinshkx was
not damaged by one lone Nazi
bomber that wobbled over .the city.
- Tass, Official Russian News Agency
NEW YORK, AUGUST 1.-(P)-
THE CBS SHORT WAVE LISTEN-
[NG POST HERE TONIGHT INTER-
CEPTED A RADIO BROADCAST
FROM BERLIN THAT SAID PRE-
MIER JOSEPH STALIN'S NEPHEW
IRTLE('$&(P)"REW"$' THE QUICK
BROWN FOZ JOMPED OVER THE
LAZY DOGS BACK 1234567890 BER-
LIN THAT SAID PREMIER JOSEPH
STALIN'S NEPHEW, EBENEZER,
WAS KILLED IN AN AUTOMOBILE
ACCIDENT IN ANN ARBOR.
THE REPORT IS AS YEG UN-
- AP Teletype Wire Report
* * *
Police reported here yesterday that
Ebenezer Stolen, '43, was killed in an
automobile altercation when the car
he was driving smashed into a tele-
phone pole at the corner of State and
Police said that Ebenezer had been
uag A gaads jo a.T q i u 3 u t t2uAl p
the accident oceurrec.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
"You win, Adele-They DID have
shoes in all those boxes!"
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
ISummer Session before 3:30 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be ?
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
Lectures on French Music: Mr. Per-
cival Price, Professor of Composition
and University Carillonneur, will give
the second lecture on French music
on Monday, August 4th, at 4:10 p.m.
in Room 206, Burton Memorial Tower.
The subject of his lecture will be
"French Music of the Classical Peri-
The lecture, which will be given in
English, is open to all students and
Faculty members. The third lecture
on French Music will take place on
Monday, August '18th.
These lectures are sponsored by
the Department of Romance, Lan-
One Act Plays: The Secondary
School Theatre of the Department
of Speech will'present a bill of one-
act plays Saturday morning, August
2, at 10:00. This program will be
presented in the Pattengill Auditori-
um of the Ann Arbor High School.
These plays are directed,' acted, pro-
duced, costumed and the sets built
by the students in acting, directing,
and technical theatre courses in the
Department of Speech. All students
of the SclIool of Education, the De-
partment of English, the Department
of Speech, and of the Ann Arbor High
School are cordially invited to at-
tend. Admission is free. Whatever
seating room remains is open to the
. Monday, August 4 at 8:00 p.m.,
Professor William Herbert Hobbs,
Professor Emeritus of Geglogy, will
give a lecture on "Polar Exploration"
(Illustrated). (Lecture Hall, Rack-.
Student Graduation Recital: Mar-
tha Mitchell, a student of Professor
Brinkman, will present a piano re-
cital at 8:30 p.m., Wednesday, August
6, in the Rackham Assembly Hall.
This recital is presented in partial ful-
fillment of requirements for the de-
gree of Master of Music and is open
to the general ublic.j
Faculty Concert: Hanns Pick, Cell-
ist; the Summer Session Chamber
Orchestra, Eric DeLamarter, Con-
ductor; and the A capella choir, Noble
Cain, Director, will present a concert
at 8:30 p.m., Tuesday, August 5, in
Hill Auditorium. Dr. DeLamarter and
Dr. Cain are members of the School
of Music Guest Faculty and Professor
Pick is a member of the regular
Faculty of the School of Music. This
recital will be open to the general
Faculty Lecture Recital. Joseph
Brinkman and William Beller, Pian-
ists and members of the School of
Music Summer Session Faculty, will
present the fourth in a series of six
lecture recitals at 4:15 p.m., Monday,
August 4, in Rackham Assembly Hall.
The program will consist of composi-
tions by Schubert and Schumann with
a brief explanation preceding the
playing of each selection. This re-
cital will be open to the general'pub-
The Burton Memorial Tower will
be open for visitors during the noon-
time playing of the carillon between
12 noon and 12:15, from Monday,
August 4 through Friday,tAugust 8.
This will be the last opportunity dur-
ing Summer Session to see the caril-
lon being played.
Doctoral Examination for Robert
Francis Thomson, Metallurgical En-
gineering; Thesis: "The Effect of
Carbon Steels," Saturday, August 2,
at 10:00 a.m., in 3201 East Engineer-
ing, Bldg. Chairman, C. A. Siebert.
By action of the Executive Board
the chairman my invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates -to attend the examina-
tion and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason may
wish to be present.
Lectures on French Diction and
Intonation: Professor Charles E.
Koella will give his third lecture on
French Diction and Intonation on
Monday, August 4th, at 7:15 p.m. at
"Le Foyer Francais," 1414 Washte-
Students teaching French or con-
centrating in French are especially
invited to attend.
Girl Summer School students who
like to paint and design- posters are
invited to come to the League Public-
ity Committee meetings each Satur-
day morning from 9:30 to noon in the
University Men and Women: Any-
one wishing special instruction in
teaching square dancing is invited
to come to the Michigan League at
4 p.m. Monday. Mr. Lovett wil hold
a class in the ballroom at that time
in addition to the regular square
dance lesson at 7:30.
Visitor's nights at the Observatory
(Continued on Page 4)
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6:00 Stevenson News Ty Tyson Youth Dramas To Be Announced
6:15 Inside of Sports Science Program Youth Dramas Sandlotters
6:30 Wayne King's S. L. A. Marshall Sons Of To Be A nounced
6:45 Orchestra Sports Parade The Saddle Harry Heilmann
7:00 Guy Lombardo Latitude Zero Serenade Town Talk
7:15 Orchestra Latitude Zero Val Clare; News Organ Favorites
7:30 News Comes Truth Or Hawaii Bishop &
7:45 To' Life Consequence Calls the Gargoyle
8:00 Your Barn News Ace Green Hornet
8:15 Hit Dance Forces Quiz Green Hornet
8:30 Parade Barn Gould Orchestra NBC
8:45 Saturday Night Dance Gould Orchestra Summer
9:00 Serenade Whoopin' Chicagoland Symphony
9:15 Public Affairs Holler Concert Concert
9:30 Four Clubmen I Want A Job of Light Sweet and
9:45 World 'News Michigan Highways Music Rhythmic
10:00 Masterworks Williams Orch. National News News Ace
10:15 of Music williams Orch. Britain Speaks Strong Orch.
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