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July 31, 1941 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1941-07-31

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WGeather
Cloudy

Y

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

Irt33

Editorial
Let's 'Be Fair
With Our Draftees..

I

YOL. LI. No. 26 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 31, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Need Of Reds
Is Considered
During Stalin,
Hopkins Meet
Some Nazi Thrusts Said
To Be Turned To Slow
And Bloody Retirement
Claim Nazi Losses:
In Smolensk Battle
MOSCOW, July 31 (Thursday) -
(M)-Harry L. Hopkins heard from
Joseph Stalin in a Kremlin confer-
ence last night what kind of Ameri-
can equipment would hold the Red
Army, whose bayonet counter-
charges were reported to have put
:the Germans on the defensive in
some ,sectors.
The lease-lend administrator con-
ferred with Stalin, as President
Roosevelt's personal representative a
short time after arriving in Moscow
by plane. There was no immediate
announcement on the outcome of
$he conference on purchasing and
delivery of 'American war materials.
Vyacheslav Molotov, Soviet foreign
commissar and U.S. Ambassador
Laurance A. Steinhardt were present.
(Acting Secretary of State Sum-
ner Welles said in Washington lease-
lend aid was not contemplated in
Russian war order now being placed
in Washington.)
Hopkins' visit came as Moscow
read the most, heartening military
news in days. The Communist news-
paper Pravda said Soviet troops beat
repeatedly at the invaders in a series
of far-spread. attacks, turning some
Nazi thrusts into slow and bloody
retirement after, checking drives on
Moscow, Kiev and Leningrad.
Pravda listed as typical an attack
by a Red army unit which waded.
chin-deep through a swamp and
charged a German battalion with
bayonets. The -Germans were said
to have been'routed.
Heavy German losses in men and
materials in the raging battle of
Smolensk were reported anew by the
Soviet Information Bureau today.
Its early morning communique said
stubborn fighting coptinued particu-
larly in the Smolensk and Zhitomir
sectors and also in the Nevel and
Novorzhev directions, with no im-
portant engagements elsewhere on
the long front with the German in-
vaders.
Meanwhile, the Red air force
smashed at German tanks and in-
fantry, attacked airdromes and again
bombed the Rumanian cities of
Ploesti and Sulina.
Nazis Report 2,000
Slain Near Leningrad
BERLIN, Thursday, July 31.-W)-
Gernians reported early today more
than 2,000 Russians had been slain
in one day's fighting about a bridge-
head on the Leningrad front avid de-
clared Russia's second city now is in
a precarious position.
The Nazi armies in this sector; the
informants said, are fighting their
way to "a fast approaching impor-
tant decision."
East of Smolensk on the central
front the Germans are smashing at
encircled Russian forces and causing
"yery bloody losses" amng them, in-
formed sources declared.
The Russians were said by the
Germans to be throwing whatever
troops are available into the fight in
the hope of relieving hard-pressed
units, but "their destruction is pro-
ceeding," it was stated.

On one sector of the Smolensk
front,i two days of fighting, the
Russians lost 230 tanks, which the
official news agency DNB declared
was more than half of one month's
production of the Soviet tank in-
dustry.
Dean MHacNid er
Concludes Series
Of Lectures Here
Concluding a series of three lec-
tures here, Dean William d&B. Mac-,
Nider of the University of North
Carolina Medical School will speak
on "The Ad justability of, the Life
Process to itnjurious Agents" at 2
r ~ p.m. today in the amphitheatre of;
the Rackhamh Building.
Kenan Research Professor of
' Pharmacology, Dean MacNider is
past president of the American So-
ciety for Pharmacology. and. Experi-
mental ,Therapeutics and the win-

Role Of President Calls
For Reform By People
Prof. Edward S. Corwin Points Out Need Of Change
In Present Position Of Chief Executive

'Tut uia' Bombing Brings Quick,
Stern Action From Government;
Konoye Talks Of 'New Standpoint'

By HARRY M. KELSEY
The present enlarged position of
the President in the constitutional
system of the United States requires
of the people a deliberate effort at
constitutional reform, Prof. Edward
S. Corwin of Princeton University
told an audience of the Graduate
Study Program in Public Policy in
a World at War yesterday in a lec-
ture on "Some Aspects of the Presi-
dency."
The reform, he asserted, "must
have for its purpose not 'merely the
preservation of liberty in the con-
ventional sense of liberty against
government, but also, and indeed pri-
marily, the enhanced responsiveness
of government to public opinion."
"Otherwise," Professor Corwin
warned, "what was the result of de-
m'ocracy may turn out to be democ-
racy's undoing."
Professor Corwin. suggested as a
solution a reconstruction of the Cab-
inet to include the principal leaders
of Congress, who "do not owe their
political salt to Presidential bounty
and so can bring an independent
Judgment to bear upon Presidential
projects."'
This would provide, Professor Cor-
win explained, a method of "equat-
ing easily and. without constant jar
to society the political forces which
Congress at any time represents and
those which the President represents
at the same time, and of putting the
relationship of the two branches on
a durable and understood basis."
Cabinet members under this sys-
tem would no longer be heads of
departments, Professor Corwin noted,
as it is constitutionally impossible for

i

a member of Congress to hold any
other office. A Cabinet member as
such is not an office holder, he
pointed out, as the Cabinet is not
recognized by the Constitution.
"The menace today of the Presi-
dency to 'liberty' and 'democracy,'
as these have been conceived in the
past," Professor Corwin observed,
"consists in the fact that the en-
larged role of the President is the
product for the most part of condi-
tions which appear likely to continue
operative through an indefinite fu-
ture."
The conditions he listed as the in-
ternational crisis and the "persuasion
of the American electorate that gov-
ernment does not exist primarily to
supplement and reinforce private
economic superiority, but ought on
the coitrary correct and improve the
operation of economic forces in the
interest of the masses.''
(Continued on Page 4)
Thomas Points
To Germany 's
Army Figures
Senator Believes Need Of
Keeping Armed Forces
In Service Imperative

Miss Scranton
Passes On At 65
University Librarian Held
Post Here Since 1921
Miss Henriette Scranton, Univer-
sity librarian since 1921 and in charge
of a graduate reading room since
1922, died last Monday evening after
a two week illness; she was 65 years
old.
Born in- Sault Ste. Marie she .was
graduated from the high school there
and then attended the Grant Col-
lege Institute in Chicago. In 1896
she received a degree from Vassar
College.
Obtaining .her library training at
the New York State Library School,
Miss Scranton first served as an
assistant at Vassar, and later worked
in Elmwood, Ind., and Painsville, O.,
before coming to the University.
Friends may view the body today
at the Muelig Funeral Chapel, 403
S. 4th St. The body will be taken
to Sault Ste. Marie for interment
Saturday, where services will be held.
'Storm Over Patsy'
Will Continue Run
James Bridie's "Storm Over Patsy,"
marking the 100th production of the
Michigan Repertory Players of the
speech department, will continue a
four-day run at 8:30 p.m. today in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Under the direction of Prof. Clari-
bel Baird of the Oklahoma College
for Women, the play is based upon
the German comedy "Sturm in Was-
serglas" by Bruno Frank;

WASHINGTON, July 30.-GP)-
Army intelligence reports that Ger-
many has expanded its army from
810,000 to nearly 4,000,000 men since
the start of the war were cited by
Senator Thomas (Dem.-Utah) today
to emphasi e the "need of retaining
selectees, guardsmen and reservists
in service beyond the present one-
year limit.
Opponents of the service exten-
sion, led by Senator Taft (Rep.-
Ohio), asserted that the general
staff sought to abandon its original
concept of training a large reserve
of men in favor of perfecting a com-
pact fighting force in which a se-
lectee might find himself serving for
the duration of the emergency.
Soldiers In Gallery
The khaki of a dozen soldiers dot-
ted the crowded galleries as the
Senate opened debate on the con-
troversial legislation. Meanwhile the
House military committee, by a 15-7
vote, approved a similar bill and
leaders made plans to press it in that
chamber next week.
Thomas referred to the army in-
telligence data when Senator Tobey
(Rep.-N.H.) demanded to know what
the "brass tack facts were" that
President Roosevelt and General
George C. Marshall had presented to
the military committee in urging the
extension.
Nazi Forces Expanded
Thomas said that Germany had
expanded its armed forces from 54
divisions in September, 1939, to 260
as of last July 16, a German division
numbering about 15,000 men. The
Italian army, he added, had been
"rejuvenated" by the Balkan cam-
paigns and now numbered about
2,000,000 men, with a potential force
of 6,500,000.
Thomas opened the debate with
the observation that there was "seri-
ous danger" to the United States in
a world where the whole theory of
democratic government was being
challenged by "the greatest-the
most successful-army the world has
ever known."

Japanese Premier Warns
Execution Of Program
Must Be 'Determined'
Nipponese' Troops
Pour Into Saigon
TOKYO, July 30. -(P)- Premier
Prince Fumimaro Konoye declared
Japan's resolve today "to proceed on
a historic renovation of its policies
from an entirely new standpoint,"
and said execution of this fateful
program must be swift aqd deter-
mined.
These policies-of which he spoke
while Japanese convoys continued
to land troops for occupation of
bases in Southern French Indo-
China-were not described, but he
connected them with a warning that
Japan "must always be prepared to
meet the worst."
He said, too, again without elab-
oration, that the German-Russian
war "is bringing serious effects on
Japan."
(This reference to the Nazi inva-
sion was heard with the greatest in-
terest in view of the expressed con-
viction of informed Chinese quar-
ters in Peiping that Japan is mak-
ing ready for an assault on Soviet
Siberia if and when the Red Armies
of the West are smashed by the Ger-
mans.)
Itemier Speaks
The Premier spoke refore the gen-
eral mobilization inquiry commission.
During the day' the British Am-
bassador, Sir Robert Leslie Craigie,
conferred an hour and a half with
Vice Admiral. Teijiro Toyoda, the
Japanese foreign minister, but the
subject of their long talk was not
disclosed.-
The. Japanese press went on de-
nouncing the United States and Bri-
tain, calling them the masters of the
Dutch East Indies and blaming what
they called American meddling for
the suspension by the Islands of the
oil shipment agreement with Japan.
As to the possibility of a full oil
embargo by the United States, which
al-ready has frozen Japanese assets
in that country, newspaper discus-
sion was to the effect that Japan
had in reserve enough oil for several
years.
Effect Heavy Industry
But on heavy industry, the news-
paper Nichi Nichi acknowledged such
an embargo might have an adverse
effect.
The Standard Oil Company was
permitted, after a 24-hour suspen-
sion, toresume domestic deliveries of
oil and gasoline. From Dairen it
was reported the authorities, after
having taken brief control of the
Standard, Texas and Shell Oil Com-
panies and detained their employes,
had withdrawn.
Troops In Saigon
Enter By Thousands
'SAIGON, French Indo-China, July
30.-(AP)-Japanese troops poured by
the thousands into congested Saigon
Harbor and into Cap nt.Jacques at
the mouth of the Saigon River to-
day.
In the first light of day a Japanese
destroyer brought in a slow parade of
14 naval vessels carrying 13,000
soldiers and later in the day 30 addi-
tional transports arrived at Cap St.
Jacques to disembark their men
there.
The transports had "blisters" like
those of air bombers on their sides
fore and aft to accommodate ma-
chine guns. Some were delayed by
a shortge of river pilots.
Japanese officers moved into re-
quisitioned hotel rooms and private
homes and the former occupants were
put up in idle French passenger
ships in the harbor.
The occupying forces brought many

American-made automobiles which
had been converted into armored
military vehicle,dand enough food to
last for several days.
Through the morning four Japan-
ese destroyers lay at anchor seven
miles down the river from Saigon and
across from properties of the Texas
and Soconoy Oil Companies.
Direct reports from Nhatrang, 200

President Roosevelt askedy Congress
today for power to regulate prices in
order to check inflation, and many
members of the National Legislature
immediately expressed approval of
the general objective he outlined.
Their comments indicated debate
would center about methods, rather
than the goal.
Price legislation, Mr. Roosevelt said
in a special message, was necessary
to protect the nation against "the
evil consequences of a chaotic struggle
for gains which must prove either
illusory or unjust and which must
lead to the disaster of unchecked in-
flation."
Special Legislation Coming
It developed, meanwhile, that
Chairman Steagall (Dem.-Ala.) had
been at work since Friday on speci-
fic legislation-a bill authorizing Mr.
Roosevelt to prescribe maximum
prices and rental charges, to deal
with excesses in installment credit,
and to make purchases or sales of
conmodities with a view to stabiliz-
ing the price.
Where farm commodities were con-
cerned, it was understood the new
checks would become operative only'
when the prices go above parity-
that is above a level where farm pro-
ducts have the same purchasing
power, in terms of industrial goods,
that they had in 1909-1914.
Empower President's Agency
The bill, it was said, would em-
power the President to act through
any agency he might designate. It
was on this point that the principal
controversy seemed likely to develop.
Some members of Congress were of
the opinion power so broad should
be granted only to a specially-creat-
ed Congressional agency, and not to
the executive department. Neverthe-
less, nearly all seemed agreed some
Excursionists
Must Register
Jackson State Prison Trip
Deadline Is tomorrow
All students intending to make the
eighth University excursion, a trip
through the state prison at Jackson,
must register by 5 p.m. tomorrow in
Room 1213 Angell Hall.
The party will leave from the front
of Angell Hall at 8 a.m. Saturday,
morning, returning at 1 p.m. Ex-
penses for the trip will be $1.25.
At the prison, the group will see
the main cell block, the dining room,
kitchens, athletic fields, workshops,,
and the prison broadcasting studio.
Of special interest will be the arts
and crafts workrooms, and the dis-
lays of prison-made objects in the
lobby. The prison auditorium will
also be inspected, where movies' and
inmate productions are shown.
Short talks will be given by prison
officials on the conduct of the prison
and its educational program. The
work and effects of prison psycholo-
gists will also be explained.

FDR Asks Power To Regulate,
Prices-To Ehminate Inflation
WASHINGTON, July 30. -(A)-4action should be taken to keep prices

within moderate limits.
For instance, Senator Wheeler,
(Dem.-Mont.) than whom the Admin-
istration has had no more vigorous
and unyielding critic in the field of
foreign affairs, announced yesterday
he was "entirely in accord with the
view that action was necessary."
Representative Wolcott (Rep.-
Mich.) the ranking Republican mem-
ber of the House Banking Committee,
made known his agreement with the
general objective and suggested Con-
gress should also give study to con-
trolling "one of the most direct caus-
es of inflation-namely unusual in-
creases in the velocity of credit."
Commission
Grants Ilaisley
P ublic Hearing
Ann Arbor School Board
Decision Is Overruled
By State Tenure Group
Subject to teacher tenure act pro-
visions, Otto W. Haisley, ousted Ann
Arbor school superintendent, was
unanimously granted the right to a
public hearing by the State Teacher
Tenure Commission yesterday.
, The decision was rendered follow-
ing several hours deliberation by the
commissitn. V. E. Van Ameringen,
president of the school board, refused
to make any statement until he had
conferred with other members of the
board.
Chief point of interest in yesterday
morning's hearing 'was the protest
made by Frank De Vine, counsel for
the school board, who, objected to the
right of Harold W. Matzke to sit as
a commission member in the case.
Matzke is a teacher in the Ann Arbor
schools under Haisley's jurisdiction.
Answer was made by Fred G. Dew-
ey, Detroit, who said that he was re-
Jpctant to disqualify a member sim-
ply because he happened to live in
the same community. A commission
member, he went on, has the right to
sit on a case unless he believes him-
self so biased as to be unable to act
judiciously.
Attorney for Haisley pointed to
passages in the state law and Hais-
L:y's contract with the school board
as proof that he had a right to a
hearing since dismissal action was
not carried by a unanimous vote of
the school board, which was 5-4 for
d smissal and denial, earlier, of a
public hearing.
Gabriel To Speak Here
Tips on how to make a good im-
pression in interviewing prospective
employers will be discussed by Mr. A.
G. Gabriel, Detroit actuarial con-
sultant, in a talk on "The Business
Interview,"' sponsored by the Depart-
ment of Speech at 11 a.m. today in
4203 Angell Hall.

U.S. Determined To Treat
Incident With Vigorous
Diplomatic Retaliatirn
Tokyo Ambassador
Confers With Wells
WASHINGTON, July 30. -(P)-
Acting swiftly and in a manner to
show that its patience was sorely
tried, the United States called Japan
to account today for a new attack on
an American gunboat in China and
indicated the incident would not pass
with a perfunctory diplomatic ex-
change.
The 370-ton gunboat Tutuila of the
Yangtze River patrol was damaged-by
bombs which narrowly missed the
United States Embassy during a Jap-
anese raid on the Chinese capital of
Chungking. No casualties resulted,
but the Navy said the stern super-
structure of the small craft was dam-
aged slightly.
Soon after the news reached Wash-
ington, President Roosevelt discussed
the bombing with Sumner Welles,
Acting Secretary of State.. Apparent-
ly in answer to a summons from
Welles, the Japanese ambassador,
Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura, called
at the State Department.
Representations Made
Emerging from his brief conference
with (the Ambassador, Welles an-
nounced at his press conference that
representations had been made to the
Japanese government.
He declined to say whether he had
'administered personally a severe re-

s

Senator Connally (Dem.-Tex.),
veteran of two wars who holds that
"a vigorous and firm foreign policy
is essential to secure respect for
our rights abroad and the security
of our people at home," was desig-
nated chairman of the Senate For-
eign Relations Committee today.
buke to the ambassador, as he did
last week in denouncing Japan's
move to take over military and naval
bases in French Indo-China.
A White House conference today
between President Roosevelt and the
men in charge of the armed forces
stirred considerable interest, but no
word of the subject of the conference
was given 'out.
Present at the meeting were Gen.
George C. Marshall, Army Chief of
Staff, and Adpiiral Harold R. Stark,
Chief of Naval Operations.
Tension Already High
With, tension in the Pacific already
high as a result of the Indo-China
move and retaliatory economic meas-
ures against Japan by the United
States, the British Empire and the
Netherlands, a stern attitude was in-
dicated here in connection with the
Tutuila incident.
Welles refused to say whether any
indemnification was demanded asin
the case of the sinking of the United
States Gunboat Panay in China on
December 12, 1937 with a loss of two
lives. ._
For that loss the United States de-
manded and received $2,214,007.36 for
property damage and personal casual-
ties, together with a profuse Japanese
apology.
Not A 'Mistake'
Welles indicated the United States
would rejectanyJtanehat
the Tutuila bombing was a mistake.
The gunboat and the American
Embassy, he pointed out, were on the
opposite side of the Yangtze River
from Chungking proper. They were
in a so-called "safety zone."
The Tutuila, which narrowly es-
caped bombs during a raid June 15
which led to a strong American pro-
test to Japan, is under command of
Lieut.-Commander William Alger
Bowers, 39, a native of Sevierville,
Tenn. It carries a normal crew of
58 officers and men.
Other Narrow Escapes
It has been involved in several
other narrow escapes from bombs,
which fell so close at one time last
year that the crew was ordered to
take over.
These and numerous other inci-

Harmon, Evashevski Named
On Starting All-American Team

CHICAGO,

July

30. -(M)-Thetand radio stations. Voting .ended

starting lineup of the College All-
American football team which will
meet the Chicago Bears Aug. 28 at
Soldier Field-selected by millions of
fans throughout the nation-was an-
nounced today.
Here are the collegians owho will
start against the National League
champions with their vote totals:
Ends: Dave Rankin, Purdue, 1,-
297,308; Ed Rucinski, Indiana, 241,-
763.
Tackles: Nick Drahos, Cornell,
961,474; Ernest Pannell, Texas Ag-
gles, 875,263.
Guards: Augie Lio, Georgetown,
1,284,078; Tommy O'Boyle, Tulane,
1,052,754.
Center: Ruda Mucha, Washington,
1,256,184.

last midnight.
Seventy players will be invited to
go into training Aug. 10 at North-
western University and next Friday
announcement will be made of one
of the five coaches of the staff which
will drill the collegians into shape
for the battle. The 11 players named
by the fans must start the game, but
coaches may make any changes they
wish after the opening, kickoff.
This year's collegiate squad, many
observers believe, is the best all-
around aggregation in the history of
the series, with strength in the line
and backfield. It will have to be
strong, however, to withstand the
offensive of a Bear machine which
won its championship by routing
Washington 73 to 0.

Pollard Says Patient's History
Is Vital To Correct Diagnosis
Illustrating his points with excep- Dr. Pollard pointed out that X-ray
tional color photographs of the in- diagnoses while for the .most part
side of the stomach, Dr. H. Marvin true, cannot prescribe what it cannot
'Pollard, Professor of Internal Medi- see. Growths which may appear as
cine in the University lectured last cancer in an X-ray negative have
"..- L .. - 4- L.

;,
6

night on "Diagnosis of Stomach Dis-
eases."
Dr. Pollard declared that many
stomach diseases, or their symptoms,
come in the spring or fall with a
change of climate, and that emo-
tional upsets are also a cause of in-
ternal disorders of that nature.
In the diagnosis of stomach dis-
eases, the most important fact to be
considered is the case history of the
patient, his honesty, accuracy, and
own diagnosis playing a major part

been shown to be simple vitamin de-
ficiencies by the introduction of the
gastroscope.
Illustrating the three major types
of gastrosis, most common of the
stomach diseases, Dr. Pollard ex-
plained what caused the various
types of diseases, and the treatment
prescribed. By showing several be-
fore and after sequences, he proved
the value of both the gastroscope
and early medical attention to all
stomach or gastro-intestinal disor-

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