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July 26, 1941 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1941-07-26

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. I

Wather
Unspeakable

Jrl

gut ian

4

iga itt!J

Editorial
Too Much Rope
For bean Henderson...

i

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

4

VOL. LI. No. 22 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

War Is Continuing
According oPlan,
Germans Maintain

Reich ,Political'Chieftains
Say U.S. Is ;Pursuing
Policy Of Imperialism
Nazis Declare Finns
Gain Against'Soviets
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, July 25.-Germany's poli-
tical leaders watched the Far East in-
tently today, accusing the United
States of "imperialistic aspirations"
"there, while the High Command's
only announcement of the Russian
war front again spoke of opera-
tions proceeding "according to plan"
against stiff resistance in some areas.
Although the official war bulletin
was general, it reported "a large num-
ber of prisoners and war material
are being captured daily.".
A military spokesman declared
that, in the far northern theatre,
Germany's Finnish allies had forced
a passage between Lakes Ladoga and
Onega and were menacing the Mur-
mansk-Leningrad Railway (presum-
ably in the Petrozavodsk sector, where
the Russians ,themselves reported
heavy fighting.)l
Forces Progress Rapidly
He added that German forces also
were "rogressing steadily on both
sides of the Peipus and Ilmen Lakes
toward Leningrad..
News dispatches stated that 10,000
Red prisoners, more than 100 cannon
and other war material had been tak-
en in the vicinity of Mogilev along
the central front; where it was de-
.clared that Soviet units were being
encircled. The dead there, it was
added, far exceeded the s'umber of
captives in hand.
Describing ground, operations in
extremely deep combat zones, a Ger-
man war reporter wrote that fight-
ing in the woods especially "is dan-
gei'ous and attended by big losses."
6 Soviet Bombers Burned
The Luftwaffe said 26 Soviet bomb-
ers were burned through a lucky hit
which exploded a gasoline truck on
a Russian air field east of Smolensk.
As to the Far ~ast., German'com-
ment uniformly bespoke the deepest
solidarity with Japan in its move to-
wax'd French Indo-China.
President Roosevelt was referred
to as "a collector of island bases all
iover the earth." The 'newspape
Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung cas-
tically called him "world presiden.'
Russian Posions
Reported Unchanged
(By The. Associated Press)
MOSCOW, July 25.-Russian posi-
tions. from the far north to the Uk-
raine were reported unchanged today
and this continued impenetrability of
the Red fieldlines was declared
matched by the growing effectiveness
of Moscow's defense against nightly
Nazi air raids.
For, it was stated officially, the1
fourth successive aerial assault ppon
this capital-delivered in two sec-
tions last night and early today-was
a greater failure than any that had
come before. Only a single raider
wasable to break through thercity's
defenses, it was declared, and that
lone attacker was shot down, along
with another destroyed outside of
Moscow.
Fighting afield, as reported during
the day by the Soviet Command's
afternoon communique, was still far-
,e spread, but not-'a single new battle
area was mentioned.
Specifically reported was heavy ac
tion not only at the Russian cen-
ter, about the Polotsk-Nevel-Smo-
lensk triangle, below Leningrad about
Porkhov and in the Ukraine about
hitomir, but on the far Finnish
front in the Petrozavodsk sector north
of Lake Ladoga.

Mexico Ousts
Political Exile
MEXICO, CITY, July 25.--(R)-In-
formed diplomatic sources said. to-
night Mexico had expelled a Nica-
raguan political exile because he had
urged the German minister here to
provide him with planes for a revo-
lution in Nicaragua.

Choral Music
Opens Vesper
Series Today
The 100-voice Summer Session A
Capella Choir under the direction of
Noble Kane will highlight the first
Vesper Service to be held at 8 p.m.
tomorrow in the Radkham Lecture
Hall.
Dr. Louis A. Hopkins,. director of
the Summer Session, will give the
Vespers address on "Dangerous Op-
portunity."
Worship wil be under the direc-
tion of Dr. Edward W. Blakeman,
counselor in religious education.
A traditional feature of the Sum-
mer Session, the Sunday Vesper serv-
ices will this year be limited to two
presentations, in addition to the
"Mystery Cycle"- to be offered Aug.
17.
All faculty and students of the
Summer Session are invited to at-
tend the program arranged jointly
by the University School of Music
and the Committee on Religious Ed-
ucation. ,
The vocal program, under the di-
rection of% Mr. Kane, famed choral
leader, will be announced in The
Daily tomorrow morning.
Ecuador Calls
More To War
Peru Prepares To Accept
Argentina's Offer
QUITO, July 25.--(A)-The Ecua-
dor Government, reporting fighting
"of great intensity all day yesterday
andlast night" against Peru in their
border war, today ordered all men
born between 1916 and 1919 to report
for military duty within five days.
A communique late today said the
Peruvians, "with all kinds of arms
and in great force, attacked Cha-
cras and Huaquillas."',
LIMA, Peru, July 25. -(A)-The
Peruvian Government tonight ,pre-
pared a note to Argentina accepting
"peaceful means" to halt the border
fighti with Ecuador, it was learned
reliabl.
Ecuador already has replied to
Argentina's suggestion that the two
nations call a truce to their century-
old dispute.
At the same time a diplomatic
source said Japanese Minister Saka-
,moto today sent a note to the Minister
from Ecuador, Carlos Larrea, in which
he emphatically rejected Ecuador's
charge that Japanese officers and
soldiers were mixed with Peruvian
troops on the border.
Distributing FDR's Talks
Serious Offense In Italy
ROME, July 25.-()-Seven per.-
sons convicted of copying and dis-
tributing speeches , by President
Roosevelt, U.S. Secretary of the Navy
Frank Knox and Prime Minister
Churchill were sentenced today to
prison term ranging from three to
12 years py a special tribunal from
which there can be no appeal.'

Ann Arbor Swelters
As Merc Sets Record
Michigander and Michigoose swel-
tered alike throughout Michigan yes-
terday as temperatures soared to new
highs, caused two fatalities in Michi-
gan.
Ed and Coed, too, were parboiled
beneath a blistering Ann Arbor sun.
as the mercury soaredto 96ddegrees
at 2 p.m., a season's record. Main
controversy on campus boiled over
to the old question: shall classes go
on in 90 degree weather.
The majority of profs said, yes, all
students, no. But some took pity,
adjourned classes at early hours. One
altruistic person convened his class
of five in a downtown tavern over
the summer brew, another sought the
shade of campus trees to continue
academic pursuits. ,
At day's end -there was no sign
of relief, as a blazing sun setttled be-
hind a boiling horizon. Prognosti-
cators looked forward to an uncom-
fortable night, more of the same to-
morrow.
Scout Leaders
To Hold Final
Meeting Today
Detroit Executive Outlines
Scouting's Preparations
For Emergency Duties
Scouting today is being called upon
to show the full meaning and signi-
ficance of its traditional vmotto and
custom-"Be Prepared" and "Do a
Good Turn Daily."
So said Robert C. Reusch, Detroit
scout executive, in his message, "The
Role of Scouting in the Present Cris-
is," to the opening session of the
Scouting Institute here yesterday.
Mr. Reusch enumerated three fields
of action in which scouting today
may take a part in the national de-
fense effort.
The morning session today, Direc-
tor Emeritus Fielding H. Yost pre-
siding, will open at 9 a.m. in the Kel-
logg Auditorium with a message from
President Ruthven. Other speakers
will be Claude Eggertsen, "Education-,
al Significance of Adolescent Youth
Movements," and Prof. Elmer D. Mit-
chell, "The Relation of Childhood
Games to Future Vocational Activi-
ties."
C. J. Carlson will lead the scout-
ing clinic at 11 a.m.
Fritz Redl, university lecturer in
education, will address the final lun-
cheon meeting at 12:15 p.m. today.
Other speakers on the Institute
program yesterday included Scout
Exectiuves Carlson of Chicago, Mac-
Peek of Ann Arbor, Neitz of Lansing.
Excess Avoirdupois
Taxable, Says Writer
NEW YORK, July 25.-('P)--Wo-
men who allow themselves to grow
unattractively obese, says Nina Wil-
cox Putnam, should be punished by
law.
"Women, no matter what age, can
be attractive-if they're not too lazy,"
the author df 1,200 pieces of fiction,
about 1,000 magazine articles and 28
books said today.
"It is offensive to see a fat-ugly
woman in public and there should be
a law against it," she said. "Take
Turkey. There they are punished if
they get too fat. That idea should
be brought here. I know a lot of men
who would vote for it."
For the last two months Miss Put-
nam has been undergoing strenuous
routines, with an eye to reducing and
looking and feeling younger.
Today, at 59, she displays the gin-
ger and vitality of a high school girl.

OIL I
Thousands Of Men,
Equipment Ready,
Sumita In Charge
- BULLETIN -
VICHY, Unoccupied France,
Saurday, July 26. --(A')- The.
French Foreign Ministry an-
nounced at.4 a.m. today conclu-
sion of an agreeme4 with Japan
for mutual defense of French
Indo-China.
The defense plan respects the
territorial integrity of Indo-
China and French sovereignty,
the French said.s
TOKYO, Saturday, July 26.-
(')- The Japanese Government
announced today it had under-
taken "joint defense" of'French
Indo-China with the French.
(By The Associated Press)
SAIGON, French Indo-China, July
25.-Japan will swiftly pour thou-
sands of troops with war equipment
into newly-won military, naval and
air bases in southern French Indo-
China, starting this week-end, usu-
ally reliable sources reported tonight.
Maj. Gen. Raishiro Sumita, chief
of the Japanese military mission in
Indo-China, was expected to arrive
here tomorrow from Hanoi to direct
the operation.
(Foreign sources in Shanghai said
they heard from Saigon that Japan
would land between 40,000 and 50,000
troops in Indo-Chin$a about July 30.
Foreign intelligence reports . in
Shanghai also said "upward of 1,000,-
000 men" were being called to arms
in Japan in the greatest mobilization
since outbreak of the war with China
four years ago.
(The Japanese news agency Domei
reported in a dispatch from Nanking
that the Chinese government at
Chungking had ordered troops to
proceed to Indo-China's northern
border.)
Japan has won the right to post
troops at several coastal points in
southern Indo-China. as well as to
station warships in Camranh Bay.
*' * * *
Japan Comments
On U.S. Stand
(By The Assoclat'ed Press)
TOKYO, July 25.-Japan displayed
both astonishment and resentment
today over the United States gov-
ernment's stand on the Far East,
and one widely-circulated newspaper
called upon the Japanese to be pre-
pared for any action the Upited
States may take regarding the Ori-
ent,
Commenting upon President Roose-
velt's statement yesterday in which
he spoke in the past tense of Ameri-
can reasons for permitting oil ship-
ments to Japan, the newspaper Nichi
Nichi foresaw the possibility of
Washington taking some concrete
steps and observed:
"Of course Japan cannot antici-
pate what course President Roose-
velt's action will take and therefore
she must be prepared. Hitherto the
British-American strategy has been
to keep Japan on the sidelines in
the effort to destroy the Axis pow-
ers. It is not certain that this
strategy will be followed in the fu-
ture."j

o Rush.

Troops
/21

U. S. Freezes All Japanese Assets
In Answer To Move In Indo-China;

To Bases

FDR Voices
Disapproval
Of Wheeler
WASHINGTON, July 25. -(P-
President Roosevelt today expressed
his disapproval of the action of Sen-
ator Wheeler (Dem.-Mont.), arch-
foe of the Administration's foreign
policy, in mailing post cards to men
in the Army asking that they active-
ly oppose involvement in the war.
At a press conference in his home
at Hyde Park, the Chief Executive
referred to editorials in the New York
Herald Tribune and New York Times
captioned "On Dangerous Ground"
and "Mr. Wheeler Goes Too Far."
The captions, he said, covered the
situation. %
For months, Wheeler on one side,
and the President and his aides on
the other, have engaged in a run-
ning battle in which harsh words
have become commonplace.-
Yesterday Secretary of War Stim-
son disclosed that the Senator had
sent postage-free postcards to some
Army men asking that they write to
the President expressing their opposi-
tion to American entry into the war.
This, said the Cabinet officer, was
close to the line of subversive activity,
if not treason itself.
To this Wheeler' replied Stimson
was in his "second childhood" and
"ga-ga."
GBS Sees Win
For Britain,
US., R.ussia
LONDON, Juy 25. -(A')- George
Bernard Shaw, who will be 85 years
old tomorrow (quote: "I am trying to
die but I simply cannot do it") marked
his birthday eve with an interview in
which he said victory in the war "will
be a joint affair of Britain, the Unit-
ed States and the U.S.S.R."
The oracle, celebrated for his plays,
his wit and his whiskers, declared that
"as Russia is now in the front line
and likely to be a decisive factor the
peace terms will not be so simple as
they were at Versailles where, al-
though America had finished the job,
France and Britain were not prevent.-
ed by President Wilson from going all
out for the disablement of Germany
under cover of a League of Nations
which was carefully reduced to im-
potence beforehand by giving every
power represented on it a veto."
As if to balance that long sen-
tence as well as explain President
Wilson's position, Shaw added:
"Wilson could do nothing because
America was not at his back and
turned him down.
Theatre Group
To Dramatize
One-Act Plays
The speech department's Second-
ary School Theatre under the direc-
tion of Nancy Bowman will present
a program of one-act plays at 10
a.m. today in the Pattengill Auditor-
ium in Ann Arbor High School
The Secondary School Theatre de-
votes itself to producing plays -which
can be used in high school ,nder
high school conditions. Assisting
Miss Bowman as technical director
of the Secondary Theatre is Jack
Bender. June Madison is costumiere.
Other members of the staff are
Vera Russell, Terry Finch, David
Goldman, Mildred Burleson, Archie
Thomas, Jarvis Wotring, Marvin Levy,
Thelma Davis, Eva Goldman, Eleanor
Tobin and Dorothy Haydel.

Student directors of the produc-
tions today are Virginia Batka, George
Batka and Helen Brown. Appearing
in the casts will be Fay Goldner,
Claire Cook, Naomi Greifer, Beulah
Burgess, Herbert London, Theo Turn-
bull, Dorothy Hanson, Harriet Coop-
er, Tom Sawyek, Marcella Madison,
Eileen Wilkens, Robert Rittenour,

Chinese Funds In This Country Are Also
Tied Up Here; Ships Are Immobilized
By Order From President Roosevelt
WASHINGTON, July 25.-(M)-In swift retaliation for Japan's push
into French Indo-China, President Roosevelt tonight froze Japanese assets
in the United States, including Nippon's ships, and similarly tied up Chinese
assets so that the Axis can not get at them.
A White House statement, issued here and at Hyde Park, declared the
action was "designed among other things to prevent the use of the financial
facilities of the United States and trade between Japan and the United
States, in ways harmful to national defense and American interest, to pre-
vent the liquidation in/ the United States of assets obtained by duress or
conquest, and to curb subversive activities in the United States."

It added that "this measure, in
A
-BULLETIN-
OTTAWA, July 25. -(A)-
Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie
King announced tonight "the
necessary steps have been taken
to prevent the withdrawal of as-
sets in Canada belonging to resi-
dents of Japan."

8:

British Say
Blockade Will
Cripple Japan
LONDON, July 25.-(?P)-A total
economic blockade by the United
States and the British Empire would
cripple Japanese industry within six
months of an outbreak of war with
Japan, British economic welfare ex-
perts said tonight.
Japanese occupation of French
Indo -China will bolster the Eripire's
stocks of five basic commodities, but
even these gains, which experts
called "one of the chief reasons for
the move into Indo-China," would
be outweighed by the effects on Jap-
anese industry and export trade of
strict economic sanctions.
The statement was made in full
knowledge of "immense stocks" of
war material bought by Japan in the
world's markets for the last two
years.
Anticipating the Japanese move
into Indo-China, Foreign Secretary
Anthony Eden told Parliament today
"certain defense. measures in Ma-
laya already have been enforced" to
meet "the potential threat."
Band Concert
To Be Given
HereToa
Prof. William D. Revelli, Morton
Gould, Dale Harris and Cleo Fox will
lead the combined High School Clinic
and Summer Session bands in a con-
cert at 7 p.m. today in South Ferry
Field.
Conductor of the organizations, Re-
velli, is a professor of band instru-
ments at the School of Music, while
Gould, who is known as one of the
country's outstanding young compos-
ers, is presently conductor of the
Mutual Broadcasting System Orches-
tra. Fox, conductor of bands in
Kalamazoo, and Harris, Pontiac band
conductor, are both guest instructors
of the High School Clinic.
Opening today's program the Clin-
ic Band will play Brockton's "Ani -
can Crusader" and Goldman's "Build-
ers of America" under the direction of
Harris; Long's "American Rhapsody"
and Wood's "Man of the Hour" under
the direction of Fox; and -Gould's
"Pavanne" conducted by the author.
Professor Revelli will lead the Sum-
mer Session Band in Tschaikowsky's
"Fourth Symphony, Finale" after
which Gould will lead the organiza-
tion in three more of his own com-
positions, "Tropical," "Deserted Ball-
room" and "Cowboy Rhapsody."
The program will close with three
selections played by the combined
bands and directed by Professor Re-
velli, "Cavatina" by 'Raff and Sousa's
"King Cotton" and "Stars and
Stripes Forever.",
Excursionists To Travel

effect, brings all financial and import
" and export trade transactions in
which Japanese interests are in-
volved under the control of the gov-
ernment, and imposes criminal pen-
alties for violation of the order."
Technically, the order prohibited
the use or removal from the United
States of any Japanese or Chinese
property without a specific license
for each transaction from the Secre-
tary of the Treasury.
Order Immobilizes Ships
Besides applying to cash, checks,
drafts, gold and a long list of other
assets, the order had the effect of
immobilizing, for the present at
least, all American ships in United
States waters. Four were believed
to have been caught by the order,
and 40 more were reported hovering
off the west coast of the United
States, fearing to come into port.
It was estimated by some sources
that, aside from the ships, some
$131,000,000 of Japanese asset's were
NETHERLANDS FOLLOW UIT
LONDON, Saturday, July 26.-(R)
-The Netherlands Government in
'dcated today it would follow the lead
of Washington in counter-action
against Japan in the Netherlands
East Indies.
involved, although others figured the
sum was much higher. There are
between 60,000 and 70,000 Japanese'
nations in United States territory, it
was estimated, and many . of them
are expected to be affected by the
order.
If Japan should retaliate in kind,
it might tie up some $217,000,000
of American assets within her reach.
Order Applies To Chinese Assets
Technically, the order applied to
all Chinese assets, but it was made
clear it would be administered in
such a fashion as to do no harm to
the cause of Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-shek, who has been engaged in
a four-year battle against Japanese
invasion with the active sympathy of
the United States.
In fact, the White House state-
ment said China. was included in
the order at the request of the Gen-
eralissimo and "for the purpose of
helping the Chinese government."
It was patent the aim was to pre-
vent the Japanese, by virtue of their
occupation of a large portion of
China, getting possession of, or bene-
fit from, any Chinese wealth which
is within the jurisdiction of the
United States government.
Japanese Anticipate
Freezing Order
SAN FRANCISCO, July 25.(M)-
J'a'anese stood in long lines at bank
windows today, drawing oit funds in
anticipation of the President's order
freezing assets in this country.
The Yokohama Specie Bank, a
center of Japanese-American busi-
ness for the Pacific Coast and the
country at large, did a land office
business-all outgoing. Harried offi-
cials and clerks were besieged with
questions.
The President's order was received
here before the close of the business
day, although it was after bankng
hours, and its effect was electric, not
only%.in the city's large Japanese col-
ony and Chinatown, but in American
importing circles as well.
Banks reported exporters and im-
porters, nervous for many days over
the impending blow to their business
appeared almost as fearful over red
tape regulations under the licensing
procedure as over out-and-out busi-

/

I
I

si

nithies Discusses PostMWar Era;
Parley Will Continue With Panels

I

Both American and Great Britain
must strengthen their internal de-
mocracy before they can aspire to
guide a post-war world, Prof. Arthur
Smithies concluded in his keynote
address to the opening sessin of the
Summer Parley yesterday.
Assuming an Allied victory, Pro-
fessor Smithies indicated that the
two Eifglish-speaking countries were
the only combination of powers who
could effect a realistic economic con-
trol over the world. Such a domina-
tion, motivated by a cooperative out-
look, would insure peace 'and sta-
bility more than any other feasible

he added, and such activities as the
parleys that foster free discussion
and encourage the free intercourse
of ideas must form the backbone of
our education for democracy.
Parley panels and a concluding
summary by Harold Guetzkow will'
Cows To Eliminate
Auto 'Graveyards
LANSING, Mich., July 25.--(A)-
The time may come when your worn-
out automobile may mean a good
lunch for bossy.

feature the closing session of the
Parley today. !
Discussion groups meeting at 2:15
p.m. and 7:15 p.m. today on the
third floor of the Union are: "De-
mocracy After the War," A. P. Blau-
stein, chairman; "Economic Prob-
lems of Defense," Joseph A. Yager,
chairman; "Education In a Time of
Crisis," Karl Kessler, chairman, and
"Four Freedoms at Home," James
Duesenberry, chairman.
Guetzkow will preside over thel
Parley's closing session today, and
will deliver the summarizing address
at 9 p.m. in the North Lounge of the
Union.

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