T HE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, JULY 16, 1940
_ ___. .a._v___v _ _.. _ .. ___
THE. MICHIGAN DAILY
Grin And Bear It...
. -.w_,. . -
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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Managing Editor . . ............ Carl Petersen
City Editor .. ..............Norman A. Schorr'
Associate Editors ...........Harry M. Kelsey,
Karl Kessler, Albert P. Blau-
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Business Manager ............ Jane E. Mowers
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NIGHT EDITOR: NORMAN A. SCHORR
Buy A Tag,
Mister? . .
EACH SUMMER, several truckloads
of young boys rumble into Ann Ar-
bor from the University of Michigan Fresh Air
Camp at Patterson Lake to solicit support for
the project that has given them four weeks of
good food anda swell time. Today is that day.
These boys will sell you tags, showing you
have contributed to the support of one of the
most unique projects in human engineering in
this country. This camp provides vacations for
280 boys each year-a chance to get out in the
sunlight and fresh air. The camp depends on
the support Ann Arbor gives it.
These boys are asking you to give so that the
second half of the camp season, beginning Mon-
day, July 22, will be able to accommodate 140
more boys like themselves.
Don't let them down!
CHICAGO-The question of a running-mate
has given the inner Democratic leaders almost
as many headaches as the long wrestle over the
When the President finally gave them the nod,
the boys let out deep sighs of relief, confident
that the worst was over. They were sure the
vice-presidential election would be easy.
They were mistaken. When the private pow-
wowing began the leaders discovered themselves
to be widely apart. Roosevelt's personal choice
was young, tousle-haired Justice Bill Douglas.
But Jim Farley and the conservatives wanted
either Cordell Hull or Senator Jimmy Byrnes.
Roosevelt did' not oppose Hull or Byrnes. Also,
significantly, he made no attempt to lay down
the law on whom he wanted. As put up to the
leaders, the choice boiled down to these basic
(1) Whether the selection should be decided
primarily on vote-getting ability in this adii-
tedly tough campaign; or (2) on fitness for the
The debate raged behind the scenes for three
days in Washington, and then was carried to
Chicago by Harry Hopkins, the President's per-
sonal emissary. When Hopkins left the Capital
the field had been narrowed down to six pos-
sibilities: Douglas, Hull, Byrnes, Speaker Bank-
head, Secretary Wallace, and Governor Stark
Eliminated on various counts were Vice-Pres-
ident Jack Garner (who was neither consulted
nor directly informed about what was going on
throughout the secret pre-convention confer-,
ring); Senator Burt Wheeler, personally objec-
tionable to Roosevelt; Attorney General Bob
Jackson, because he also comes from New York;
Jim Farley, for the same reason; Paul McNutt,
Senate Leader Alben Barkley; House Leader
Sam Rayburn; and a number of lesser lightning-
TWO OF THE POSSIBILITIES definitely do
not want the nomination-Hull and Doug-
las. It will take a personal plea from Roosevelt
to persuade them to run, and he'll have to do
some tall talking. Both have stated categorically
they want to be left alone.
Hull even has gone to the length of sending
a personal emissary to Chicago to give empha-
sis to his disclaimers. The secret emissary is
Albert Gore, young Congressman from Carthage,
Tenn., ,who holds the seat Hull filled for many
years °in the House. Gore is not a delegate and
did not intend to go to the convention until
Hull asked him to do so last Wednesday.
He summoned Gore to the State Department,
told him that he did not want the vice-pres-'
idency and was determined to retire to private,
life after he stepped out of the Cabinet. He also
gave Gore certain personal reasons, which the
young Congressman told his wife were so pri-
vate he could not even repeat them to her.
"I have only one desire, Albert," Hull declared
with deep feeling, as he paced back and forth,
"and that is to spend the rest of my life as a
private citizen promoting peace among the peo-
ples of the world. I don't want to stay in politics
any longer. I don't want to run for anything,
not even for President. I want to work as a
private citizen for peace and goodwill amoritN
men. Humanity needs that so desperately."
Note-If Douglas is nominated the news will
come to him at his old home in Washington
State, where he is vacationing with his wife
and two children.
THE MAN who can claim credit for being the
first to propose a third term, and for con-
stantly gouging and pushing the President into
running, is his hell-and-high-water Secretary of
the Interior, Harold Ickes.
Ickes first proposed that Roosevelt run again
in a radio broadcast on July 15, 1938. At his
next press conference, Ickes faced a barrage of
questions. "Was that talk inspired by any out-
side source?" he was asked.
"Of course not; I thought it up all by myself."
"Did you ever speak to anybody beforehand?"
"No, I didn't ask Papa whether I could say
it," Ickes shot back.
Ickes followed this with an article in Look
magazine given wide publicity, in which he
cited reasons for a third term, and he kept
hammering the idea home every chance he got.
Right on the eve of the convention he debated
the issue with Alf Landon in newspaper articles
for "The American Forum." Ickes still says,
however, that at no time did he ever get any
definite word from "Papa."
Federal Security Administrator Paull McNutt
certainly is the jinx candidate of the Democrats.
Every time things seemed to be picking up
for the Hoosier Apollo, up popped some break'
of hard luck that knocked his burning presiden-
tial ambitions galley-west. The last time that
happened was after Wendell Willkie's nomina-
To Administrationites this was a startling
blow. But to the McNutt camp it looked like
the happy turn they had been waiting for so
long. The GOP nominee is an Indianan, and the
McNutt camp figured this put their man out
in front as the logical vice-presidential choice.
But first R. Earl Peters, close friend of Jim
Farley, threatened to challenge the election of
Frank McHale as Democratic National Commit-
teeman and chairman of the Indiana delega-
tion. McHale is McNutt's campaign manager,
and Peters charged that his election was
wangled by guile.
Then came the second, and finishing blow.
Word leaked out that McNutt had had to pay
$3,000 to settle a tax claim uncovered by Trea-
sury agents during their investigation of big-
shot Hoosier Democrats.
The tax disclosure was the finish. After that
McNutt's boom collapsed completely.
WOMEN ARE PLAYING a big role in this
VT convention; in fact they're most important
at any national political convention. In addi-
tion to a record representation of 500 out of
2,000 delegates and alternates, the women also
are well represented on all the important com-
mittees. Eighteen women leaders in various
fields are acting as an Advisory Committee to
the platform makers ...
Ugosvor. A. Ptt Off
1840. Ch~icago Tim1e .Ina.
. #9 U S Pu ff.AU Rt.s.w
"That pile of complaints about fifth columnists should be investigated
-this pile has been checked and turned out to be just mother-in-laws."
Hatch Bill * * *
T WOULD BE NAIVE to suppose
that the two Hatch Acts, the second
of which has just been passed by the House of
Representatives, will completely purify Amer-
ican politics. Basic reforms are not accom-
plished in wholesome degree by public support
for enforcement of those laws.
Public opinion has been heartily for the Hatch
bills; otherwise the present one could not have
been forced out of the reluctant committee and
brought to passage over the opposition of en-
trenched political leaders. The first measure,
passed in 1939, provided penalties for using
Federal office to influence the votes of WPA
workers or others on Federal pay rolls. The
statute which Senate and House now have
added will forbid this sort of political activity
among State employes paid wholly or in part
with Federal funds, such as highway depart-
ment workers, agricultural agents and many
THE BANKHEAD AMENDMENT also limits
political contributions to $5,000 from any
individual. Wendell L. Willkie, Republican nom-
inee for President, added to the pressure for
enactment of the bill when he announced that
gifts to his campaign fund would be limited to
that amount anyway. The curb on activity of
State employes already had earned the endorse-
ment of President Roosevelt.
Such measures, as has been said, are not self-
enforcing. But the fact of their passage under
the circumstances described is in itself an ear-
nest of the fact that the American people want
elections decided on their merits and not by an
-army of office-holders using public funds. In a
democracy public opinion determines political
customs, and political customs determine the'
character and quality of government. The pass-
age of the second Hatch Act is an important
-step in defining the American concept of po-
- Christian Science Monitor
Offers Refuge .
0 NE OF THE most interesting experi-
ments in the democratic way of liv-
ing is in progress at Goddard College, in Plain-
field, Vermont. It takes the form of a work and
study camp, which provides an opportunity for
political refugees to teach subjects upon which
they are expert and for students of high school
age from all parts of the United States to assim-
ilate some of the best thought and culture of
The Straight Dope
Br itish Will
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
(Associated Press Staff Writer)
Prime Minister Churchill places
the British national will to fight first
among the weapons of defense mus-
tered in a month of dreadful expec-
tancy of German blitzkrieg.
"Hitler has not yet been withstood
by a great nation with a will power
the equal of his own," Churchill said
in a new worldwide broadcast of'
Without that unshaken and un-
shakable public will to carry on, both
in England and in the vast British
Empire of which it is the hub, the
other weapons which the British war
captain enumerated, formidable as
they are, would be insufficient to
back his confident forecast of British
survival and ultimate victory. With
it, his picture of England enduring
air and sea siege for more than a
year, then turning on her foe in 1942
the harnessed war powers of the Em-
pire well could prove an inspired
vision of what the future holds.
They Must Not Guess
Certainly Churchill and his cab-
inet stand at a point where sheer,
realistic appraisal of their assets
and liabilities must guide their ac-
tions and decisions. They must
know, not merely guess, at the will
of English men and women at home
or scattered aboutdthe world to en-
dure to. the end.
Of other countries, including
France, which have succumbed to
the German war machine, Churchill
said that they had "rotted from
within before they were smitten from
"How else can you explain what
has happened to France, to the
French army, to the French people,
to the leaders of the French people?"
Rest To Come
There can be little doubt that the
next month will bring a test of his
asserted supreme confidence in Brit-
ain will to fight for England foot by
foot, city by city, street by street,
house by house, and, beyond that
even, sea by sea, around the world.
History will record that the battle
of Britain began June 18, 1940, with
collapse of France. There remain
three months or less of this year
before winter intervenes in Western
Europe. Its long nights, fogs and
frequent storms must prove an added
handicap to Germany's principal
weapon of attack, air power. Brit-
ain's navy and the merchant ships
that are England's lifeline use the
seas in all weathers.
Crises To Pass
Three months of endurance well
might see England past the crisis.
That is the meaning of Churchill's
summary of her readiness now, as
she was not a month ago, to meet
whatever is to come. And it is a
very imposing aggregate of defensive
battle strength that he listed.
England is garrisoned by nearly
half a million more troops today than
the armies of the whole British Em-
pire and their trained reserves repre-
sented at the outset of the war. Ex-
clusive of the "home guard," a mil-
lion strong, formed to meet "fifth
column" attack of any nature, she
has 1,500,000 mobile army forces un-
der arms by Churchill's count.
She has a thousand ships of war
at sea, he said, and the merchant
tonnage under her flag is greater
than when she entered the war,
All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office'
of the Summer Session before 3:30
P.M. of the day preceding its pub-;
lication except on Saturday, when
the notices should be submitted be-
fore 11:30 A.M.
Pi Lambda Theta formal initiation'
dinner will be held Wednesday, July
17, at 6:30 o'clock, at the Michigan
League, in the Henderson Room.
Members please make dinner reser-
vations with Mrs. Sarah Olmstead,.
phone 8489, not later than Tuesday
noon, July 16.
Phi Delta Kappa will hold its
weekly luncheon today at 12:101
in the Michigan Union. Dr. William
C. Bagley of Columbia University
will be the speaker.
A preview of school films is be-
ing held in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building from 2:00 to 4:00
p.m. daily, until July 25. The film
to be presented Tuesday, July 16 in-
cludes Social Studies as its area of
Mathematics Club will meet today
at 4 p.m., in 3011 Angell Hall. Pro-
gram: Professor Dushnik will speak
on "Partially Ordered Sets and Fami-
lies of Sets of Points," and Professor
Coe, on "Remarks on Maxima and
Minima."All those interested are cor-'
dially invited to attend.
A Lecture, "The Michigan Coopera-
tive Teacher Education Study-Prob-
lems and Prospects," will be given by
Harvey L. Turner, Director of Michi-
gan Study of Teacher Education, in
the University High School Auditori-
um, at 4:05 p.m. today.
"Talent in Motion," is the lecture
to be given by Dumas Malone, Direc-
tor of the Harvard University Press,
in the Rackhm Lecture Hall, at
4:15 p.m. today.
WhyPeople Do Not Get Jobs When
There Are Jobs. The second in this
series of lectures will be given this
evening, at 7:00 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall by Dr. T.
Luther Purdom. All those interested
are invited to attend. There will be
an illustrated lecture dealing with
personality qualities of individuals,
showing the weaknesses and the
strengths of students.
The Graduate Commercial Club
will hold its weekly meeting today
in the West Conference Room of
the Rackham Building at 8 p.m. Mr.
Fern, State Director of Vocational
Education, will be the speaker. Re-
freshments will be served. All com-
mercial teachers are cordially in-
vited to attend.
Mentor L. Williams, University of
Michigan, will give a lecture, "Am-
erican Humor and National Sanity,"
in the Rackham Lecture Hall at 8:15
Faculty Concert. The second fac-
ulty concert in the summer series
will be given this evening, July
16, in Hill Auditorium, at 8:30 p.m.
On this occasion, Professor Mabel
Ross Rhead, pianist, will be heard.
The general public is invited to at-
tend without admission charge.
The Summer Session Excursion to
Greenfield Village will be held on
Wednesday, July 17. Buses leave
at 1:00 p.m. from State Street, in
n the Pomnean Room in the Rack-
lam Building, on Wednesday, July
7, from 3 to 5:30.
Graduate Speech Students: A
Speech Symposium of rhetoric and
ratory will be held Wednesday, July
17, at 4 p.m. in the Men's Lounge of
the Horace H. Rackham School of
Chemistry Lecture. The third in
the series of chemistry lectures will
be given by Professor L. O. Brock-
way on Wednesday, July 17 at 4:15
p.m. in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building. Subject: "Ster-
eochemistry of the Heavy Metals."
Physical Education. Mixer will
be held at the Women's Athletic
Building on Wednesday, July 17, at
6 o'clock. Tickets at 50c may be
obtained from: Roberta Jones, H. A.
Oliphant, Donald Farnum, and Mar-
tha Pierce (3200C UHS). After sup-
per is served recreational games will
be played. Come prepared to parti-
Cercle Francais. Meeting at 4
o'clock Wednesday at the Foyer
Francais, 1414 Washtenaw Avenue.
Professor Rene Talamon will give an
informal talk entitled "Coutumes-
The Cercle cordially invited students
of the French Department to attend
this meeting. Refreshments.
Violin Recital. John Shenaut, vio-
linist, of Galesburg, Illinois, will be
heard in recital Wednesday eve-
ning, July 17, at 8:15 o'clock in the
School of Music Auditorium, in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the Master ofMusic degree. The
general public is invited to attend.
"Two on at Island" by Elmer Rice,
will open Wednesday, July 17, at 8:30
p.m. in the Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre. Other performances will be
given on Thursday, Friday and Sat-
urday nights. This is the fourth
production of the Michigan Repertory
Players of the Department of Speech.
Tickets are available at the box-
office (phone 6300); prices are 75c,
50c, and 35c.
Students, College of Engineering:
Saturday, July 20th, will be the final
day for dropping a course without
record in the summer session., Courses
may be dropped only with permis-
sion of the classifier after confer-
ence with the instructor.
Exhibition of American Painting
presented by the graduate study pro-
gram in American Culture and Insti-
tutions is being held in the Rackham
Building through July 31, daily ex-
cept Sunday, 2-5 p.m. and 7- pm.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Michigan State Civil Service Exam-
inations. In each case, the last date
for filing application is noted:
Highway Maintenance Foreman 1
$150-$190 per mo. July 24, 1940.
. Liquor Warehouseman A-$130-
$150 per mo. July 24, 1940
Economic Analyst 1-$150-$190 per
mo. July 24, 1940
Domestic C1.-$95-$110 per mo.
July 24, 1940
Further information may be found
on file at the University Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall, of-
fice hours 9-12, 2-4.
Preliminaries for the doctorate in
the School of Education will be held
on August 19, 20 and 21. Any grad-
uate student desiring to take these
examinations should notify my of-
fice, Room 4002 University ,High
School Building, by July 23.,
Chairman of Committee on
Graduate Study in Education
Home Lpans: The University In-
vestment Office, 100 South Wing, will
be glad to consult with anyone con-
sidering building or buying a home
or refinancing existing mortgages.
'The University has money to loan
on mortgages and is eligible to make
(CGntinued from Page 1)
unavailable to all industries not en-
gaged in producing armaments. They
have fbr years been operating far
beyond theoretical capacity, and the
machinery needs replacing badly. If
she is to exist without the help of
other countries she will have to
maintain her present economic sys-
tem of low wages, long hours, com-
pletely planned economy as she ex-
ploits every resource available in re-
capitalizing her industrial system.
.South America is the one territory
today from which it is possible for
Germany to secure raw materials
outside her boundaries. Germany de-
rives little aid from Russia since
that country's rapid rate of-indus-
trialization swallows almost all her
South America is ready and wait-
ing for Germany, he said. The
N ORDER TO SPARE the faithful reader all
undue suspense this pleasant morn, we will
state now that we are going to write a column
of literary criticism. We always wanted to write
a column of literary criticism and anyway we
have a -date coming up with the lady editor of
a literary magazine and we believe in prepara-
tion in spite of not having belonged to the Boy
Scouts. ("Be Prepared" is a swell motto but
that stuff about "physically fit, . mentally
alert (?) and morally straight" was too much
for a youth who wanted to be a newspaperman.)
Now this literary criticism that we are about
to write is not going to be either effete or pro-
letarian. No sir, we are not going to touch upon
Kenneth Fearing or Stephen Spender or half
a dozen other gentlemen whose chief purpose,
in writing poetry seems to be the mystification
of a reasonably busy man like your beloved hack.
Those gentlemen may have their innings with
my critical brothers who can afford to spend a
leisurely week or so pounding out phrases that
will live in the memories of those fool enough
to read them.
We are going to write critically abeit Mr.
William Shakespeare, no less. We are going
to discuss for your benefit the Sonnets. No
mere matter of a play will satisfy us at this
juncture. The Sonnets it has to be and the
sooner the better. The best part about cri-
ticizing the Sonnets is that everybody agrees
that the Sonnets are the real stuff and thbee
is no minority ready to knock off my critical
head when and if I agree.
To the Sonnets then. Our favorite is number
nineteen which deals with the subject of lust.
This is a favorite subject with brother Shakes-
peare and one which he handles superbly. Jle
really knew his stuff on this subject we want
to tell you. When William of Stratford spoke
about "Th' expense of spirit in a waste of
shame"' he wasn't kidding. He calls it every-
The experiment apparently has already met with
thing he can lay his tongue to. "Perjured, mur-
derous, bloody, full of shame, savage, extreme,
cruel, not to trust . . . despised straight" are
only a few of the names he applies.
But what we like most are the last two lines.
After calling this ever-with-us emotion all the
names in the book he winds up this way:
"All this the world well knows; yet none
Toshun the heaven that leads men to this
We also go for William's estimate of him-
self. He was the greatest poet in the world
of his time and he knew it. He was bothered
with no more modesty than a columnist,
and with fewer scruples than an editor. He
called himself good in his best poetry and
made the world like it for the better part
of two hundred and fifty years. Observe
his estimate of himself.
In his first sonnet he announces that the
object of his love will never perish or grow old
in men's hearts simply because he has written
of her. It seems to have been a good guess.
"So long as men can breathe or eyes can
So long lives this and, and this gives life
Self-confidence, that's what we call it. Of
course, it's a nice little couplet too, but gad, the
ego of the man that wrote it. That is surely
the stuff that gods are made of. Could Edgar
Guest write such lines? No!
Nor would we be sincere if we did not men-
tion our fondness for number two of the cytle
which begins so aptly,
"When in disgrace with Fortune and men's
I all alone beweep my outcast state,"
and goes on from that to pile up woes which