THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, JULY 12, 1941
i ' ^'
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
PublIshed every morning except Monday during the
iniversity year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it, ont rotherwise credited in this newspaper. All
riot of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arior, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
4.00; YT manll, $4.50.
AoRFRYRNTED FOR NATIoNA.,AVKR.,SING by
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEw YoRx, N. Y.
CHICAGO *'BosTON * LOS ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Managing Editor.............. Carl Petersen
City Editor...............Norman A. Schorr
Associate Editors. .......Harry M. Kelsey,
Karl Kessler, Albert P. Blau-
stein, Morton C. Jampel, Su-
Business Manager............Jane E. Mowers
Assistant Manager .......... Irving Guttman
NIGHT EDITOR:' MORTON C. JAMPEL
Go To ' .ar .
N REPRISAL for losses sustained
by the French fleet when parts of
it refused British terms designed to keep it out
of German and Italian hands, French airplanes
are reported to have helped in attacks on Brit-
ish Gibraltar. Possibly such engagements will
sicken Frenchmen as much as the engagements
Between British and French warships saddened
the British Government and people.
Surely the French are logical enough to ap-
preciate the inevitability of the British naval
action, since this was necessary to preserve
Britain's superiority over its-and France's-
enemies in the one department in which Britain
is overwhelmingly superior. Surely the French
have had-in company.- with the British-suf-
ficient experience with the promises of the Axis
dictators to evaluate accurately their promises
not to use the French Navy against Britain.
For the moment it is only to be expected
that relations between France and Britain will
be clouded by these strange and tragic events.
Those relations may be further clouded by the
actions and interibretations of a French "gov-
ernment" which seems ready to collaborate with
iorces that were the enemies of its country yes-
terday; and are today, and will be tomorrow.
What the people in France will hear of these
events we cannot know. Perhaps under the new
order there, which emerges ironically as part
of the "new order" in Europe, they will hear
'as much of the truth as the peoples in dictator-
ships are permitted to hear. What will French
people elsewhere, and friends of France every-
Whatever the misunderstandings between
military staffs, whatever recommendations as
to the conduct of this or that part of the mili-
tary campaign, the war is still being fought for
the same cause for which battle was accepted
by the free peoples of Britain and France. The
cause remains what the French and the British
peoples believed it tQ be at the outset. Britain
still fight on that side. This is the fact that the
unhappy occurrences at sea and now in the air
only serve to emphasize. Where does France
fight; With the bombers over Gibraltar, the
bombers whose shadows have darkened the
best of Europe, even Paris?
It cannot be. Only those leaders whom the
feebleness of French defenses must have al-
ready discredited in most French eyes, only the
same men who with equanimity could risk the
use of France's Navy by France's foe against
France's friend can now willingly risk France's
future in a "reprisal" against the inevitable.
- Christian Science Monitor
THETIME IS NOT YET when it may be a
commonplace of experience to trade in the
family airplane as part payment for a new
one, but is perhaps foreshadowed in present
merchandising of used planes. Plane construc-
tion improves models; earlier models are out-
moded, but still serviceable; some of them have
been privately used, and are taken, as with the
automobile, in part payment for the next.
An investigator finds that there is now an
equal sale of about 2,000 used planes. The buyer
of the used plane is said to be usually a person
of moderate means, which, of course, would ap-
ply as a generalization to the buyers of used
The beginning traffic in a -recent invention
reverts interestingly to the earliest method of
trade. The customer does not necessarily make
his down payment in cash; the seller exercises
his judgment in what may be called a "swap."
A dealer in one State, for example, accepts
e The Straight Dope
(As your regular columnist gives his all to the only way to live was to have LIBERTY and
Thespis-he's doin' Eugene O'Neill proud by since Hitmusso did not let the people have
caterwauling in Beyond The Horizon-J. P. LIBERTY he would rid the land of him. So he
Andriola once again takes on the heavy task bought a high-powered rifle and hired a room
of giving you The Straight Dope,) overlooking a big square where Hitmusso was
HOE FOLLOWING 1940 Fable shows us how going to make a speech. From the window of
THJ OLOIG190Fbl hwsu o the room he would shoot him and thus bring
apt is Willie of Avon's aphorism: We are LIET ohe olm d
such stuff as dreams are made on. If the char-
acters bear any resemblance to persons living But alas. Hitmusso had many spies and one
or dead it is purely not accidental-it is a de- of them found out about the scheme. This spy
liberate machination on the part of your col- arrested Equalibertfrat and took him to a con-
umnist. centration camp where the prisoners were made
Anyway, onice upon a time there was a cruel to go crazy very slowly before being murdered.
and shrewd dictator named Hitmusso. He made Hitmusso heard about Equalibertfrat and
many long speeches telling the poor people he asked that he be brought before him. "So you're
was their best friend. He told them they were the foolish young man who wanted to shoot me,"
God's chosen people and that all other peoples said Hitmusso. "Why did you want to do that?"
were no good. He also told them that all other And Equalibertfrat replied, "Because you are a
peoples, including the rich peoples of the land, tyrant and I wanted to kill you so the people
were always plotting to destroy them. So he could have LIBERTY!"
said that the poor people should protect them- ITMUSSO was astonished. He had never
selves by building the biggest and best army, heard anyone speak to him that way. Peo-
navy and air force in the whole world. ple were always very polite in his presence and
Now these people were very poor but by hear- some would actually shake in their boots. His
ing that they were God's chosen people they first impulse was to summon his bodyguards
felt rich and strong so they voted for more and ask them to kill Equalibertfrat right away.
taxes to provide money for the biggest and best Then the crafty Hitmusso thought of a trick
fighting force in the whole world. Anyhow whereby he might win this brave but foolish
those who did not vote this way, disappeared- young man to his side. He had two guns in his
very quietly-pouf! just like a puff of smoke drawer, one with bullets and the other loaded
they were gone. with blanks. He thought that if he gave him
Then Hitmusso would go to the rich people one of the guns and told him to go ahead and
who were left and tell them he was their best shoot, that Equalibertfrat would feel very much
friend. He said all other peoples including the ashamed and instead of shooting would beg for-
poor people of the land were plotting to destroy giveness and serve as one of his best spies. Any-
the rich. So in order to protect the rich people, how, if the trick failed and Equalibertfrat fired
Hitmusso asked for much of their gold and sil- the gun, it would not do any harm because he
ver to build an army which would guard their would have the one with the blank cartridges.
wealth. Many of the rich gave great quantifes So he said with much feeling, "I'll tell you what
of gold and silver but those who did not, dis- I'll do; if you really believe I'm a tyrant and you
appeared-very quietly-pouf! just like a puff think the people want this stupid thing you call,
of smoke they were gone. LIBERTY, I'm ready to die for my people." He
paused with dramatic effect, then he added,
OW, in this land there was a young man who "No sacrifice is too great for Hitmusso! Here,
was neither rich nor poor and his name take this gun and shoot me!"
was Equalibertfrat. He was a peculiar young Equalibertfrat wa o amazed he did t kno
man because he read many books and had many Es sonot ow
ideas. This was very strange in a land where what to do or what to say and Hitmusso said,
it was against the law to read books or to have "Well, this is your chance, why don't you shoot
In the books, he read of a faraway place, Then Equalibertfrat, getting over his aston-
farther than he or his father or his grand- ishment and realizing there must be some trick
father put together had ever travelled in their to it, said, "How do I know the gun is loaded?"
whole lifetimes. This place was called Amerland. "Open the bullet chamber and see for your-
In Amerland the people made the laws and self," said Hitmusso. Equalibertfrat opened the
they read all the books they wanted and they bullet chamber and saw the cartridges. For a
had trillions and trillions of ideas. Some of moment he forgot his original purpose and felt
these ideas were good and some were not so very much ashamed of himself for wanting to
good but the laws said it was all right for the kill such a brave, unselfish man. Then quickly
people to have ideas and express them. Some- he remembered all the lies Hitmusso had told,
times, certain persons who were very much like and he remembered how people disappeared-
Hitmusso rose up in Amerland and tried to pouf; just like smoke. And he remembered the
stop the people from having ideas or expressing concentration camps and the people who were
them. But the people always managed to han- killed in the wars that Hitmusso was always
dIe such persons pretty well and they still had waging with other peoples. But mostly he re-
the right to make the laws, read books, have membered about Amerland with its freedom of
ideas, and voice them. They called this right: ideas and their expression: that wonderful
LIBERTY! thing called: LIBERTY! So he pulled the trig-
One day, Equalibertfrat finally decided that ger six times and Hitmusso fell dead.
Grin And Bear It,.
The Arts, School of Music, and
School of Education: Students who
received marks of I or X at the close
of their last semester or summer
session of attendance will receive a
grade of E in the course unless this
work is made up by July 24th. Stu-
dents wishing an extension of time
beyond this date in order to make
up the work should file a petition
addressed to the appropriate official
in their school with Room 4 U. H.
where it will be transmitted. The
petition must carry the written ap-
proval of the instructor concerned.
Deutsches Haas. Reservations
may still be made for meals at the
Deutsches Haus, luncheon 35 cents;
dinner 45 cents. Please make reserv-
ations at the German Office, 204
UH or with Dr. Otto G. Graf, 300
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Except under
extraordinary circumstances, courses
dropped after the THIRD week, Sat-
urday, July 13th, will be recorded
with a grade of E.
E. A. Walter
School of Education Students (Un-
dergraduate): Courses dropped after
Saturday, July 13, will be recorded
with the grade of E except under
extraordinary circumstances. No
course is considered officially dropped
unless it has been reported in the
office of the Registrar, Room 4, Uni-
Exhibition of American Painting
presented by the graduate study pro-
gram in American Culture and Insti-
tutions is being held in the Rackham
Building through July 31, daily ex-
cept Sunday, 2-5 p.m. and 7-10 p.m.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
Sments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil .Service examinations. Last
date for filing application is noted:
Chief Engineering Draftsman (aero-
nautical), $2,600, Aug. 5, 1940.
Principal Engineering Draftsman
(Aeronautical), $2,300, Aug. 5, 1940.
Senior Engineering Draftsman
(Aeronautical), $2,000, Aug. 5, 1940.
Engineering Draftsman (Aeronau-
tical), $1,800, Aug. 5, 1940.
Assistant Engineering Draftsman
(Aeronautical), $1,620, Aug. 5, 1940.
Senior Artistic Lithographer, $2,000,
Aug. 5, 1940.
(Continued on Page 4)
"Our garden's been a great success, so far--we got a dozen carrots,
four tomatoes, a turnip and $250 insurance for Henry's sunstroke!"
DAILY OFFICIAL B U LLETINI
Britain Looks At Petain
(From a Paris correspondent in the
Manchester, Eng., Guardian)
THERE SEEMS TO BE a considerable amount
of misconception in this country on the
real nature of the Petain Government. To treat
it, as some papers here have done, as a "Right-
wing Fascist Government" is misleading. It cer-
tainly represents various pro-Fascist tenden-
cies, and the anti-British spirit (which has been
artificially stimulated in France by recent
events), but it also represents a point of view
peculiar to France of recent years. This is a
kind of fatalism, a belief that France is an old
country which cannot well stand up to the
more dynamic dictator Powers and that the
sooner she adapts herself to the conditions that
are going to govern Europe "for the next few
hundred years" the better it will be.
In the view of some of the men around Mar-
shal Petain it is better to keep the French peo-
ple alive, even through a long period of eclipse,
than to run the risk of their extermination.
Some Frenchmen who have always underrated
the ruthlessness of Nazi methods have often
remarked "France is not a country that can be
destroyed, even if England can."
The "decrepit France" idea of Marshal Petain
goes, paradoxically enough, hand in hand with
the "renewal through eclipse" ideas held in
certain other quarters, particularly among men
of the neo-Socialist school, like M. Deat and
M. Margnet, the Mayor of Bordeaux.
M. Deat took the coming defeat of France for
granted for a good long time. After the break-
through on the Meuse I heard him remark in
the Chamber lobbies, "Better to make peace on
the Somme than on the Seine; on the Seine than
on the Loire; on the Loire than on the Garonne,"
and the old pro-Munich people now use as their
favorite argument, "If we acted as we did, it
was in order to save you this-which we fore-
Defeatsm OCn The Left
As I often pointed out in the past, Munich
defeatism was by no means a monopoly of the
Right. There were very strong defeatist cur-
rents among all the parties, not least among the
Radicals, with their Bonnets and their Chau-
temps, and the Socialists, with their Feuriers
and their Paul Faures. All these Pacifist Left-
wing elements are represented in the Petain
that she must fight out her own salvation, no
matter through how many years of suffering
and agony, is deep-rooted in the French mind.
One of the most pathetic sights on board the
ship on which I sailed from Bordeaux was the
fearful internal conflict that went on in the
minds of many of the French refugees on board
while the ship was still anchored off the French
coast. The outcome of this conflict-which man-
ifested itself in some painful family scenes-
was that a large number of French passengers
decided to disembark and to return to Bordeaux,
whatever the dangers awaiting them there.
Such is that attachment of the French to their
native soil, this determination to "stay togeth-
er" in France regardless of the calamities
through which she was passing.
This feeling of loyalty to the native soil, even
defiled by the invader and betrayed by a clique
of politicians, is typical of the French charac-
ter, and it explains in a large measure why so
few political leaders, except some of those in
immediate danger of being murdered, have
gone abroad. The French people, though they
have fled from Paris to Tours and Bordeaux,
do not seem, on the whole, to have made any
desperate attempt to go any farther. They are
staying in France, for better or worse, prepar-,
ing, perhaps, for passive resistance against the
The Italian armistice terms are, on the face
of it, milder than was expected; they do not
provide for the occupation of large French areas
in Europe. They are, no doubt, intended as a
sop to the pro-Italians in the Petain Govern-
ment, who will no doubt see in them a vague
promise of Franco-Italian cooperation directed
both against England and ultimately against
Germany. An idle illusion-but still an effective
illusion and a pernicious one.
The stay-at-home tendency in the French
character partly accounts for the fact that there
are few prominent French refugees in London.
The report of the arrival of several notable men
is not confirmed. M. Herriot is certainly not
there, and from what one knows of him it is
doubtful whether he intends to leave France,
where he probably proposes to end his days
in peaceful retirement. Nor has M. Reynaud
arrived. He was last seen at Bordeaux on Mon-
Whether M. Paul-Boncour and M. Delbos have
arrived is not known. In authoritative French
All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session before 3:30
P.M. of the day preceding its pub-
lication except on Saturday when
the notices should be submitted be-
fore 11:30 A.M.
Professor W. Sweet of the Divinity
School, University of Chicago, will
oresent on Friday at 3:00 "Revival-
ism as a Factor in Religion."
Physical Education for Women.
Modern dance classes meeting on
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at
3 p.m. and 4 p.m. will meet in the
Women's Athletic Building starting
Friday, July 12th.
Chem. and Met. Engineering 12.
Professor George Granger Brown will
speak on "Patent Litigation" at the
weekly Seminar, Friday, July 12, at
4 p.m. in Room 3201.
"The Education of Jewish Chil-
dren" is the title of the lecture to be
given at 5:15 p.m. by Dr. Louis Bin-
stock, in connection with the Sixth
Annual Conference on Religion in
the W.K. Kellogg Auditorium, today.
A lecture, "The Phoneme," by Prof.
Leonard Bloomfield, will be given
Friday, July 12, in the Rackham Buil-
ding Amphitheater, 7:30 p.m. This
is in connection with the Linguistic
Watermelon Cut: Students and
faculty from the following states are
included in the invitation to the
watermelon cut to be held at 7:30
Fridaymnight in the League Garden:
Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Cali-
fornia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia,
Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mary-
land, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mex-
ico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South
Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia
and West Virginia.
So far as we know, these are the
Southern States, with the exception
of California, represented by stu-
dents on the campus. Students and
faculty from any state which we
have unknowingly omitted are also
invited. There is no admission
Angell Hall Observatory Evenings.
If the sky is clear, the moon will be
shown through the telescopes of the
Students Observatory on the fifth
floor of Angell Hall, from 8:15 to 10
p.m., on the evenings of Friday, July
12th, and Saturday, July 13th. These
public evenings are restricted to stu-
dents in the Summer Session.
"Beyond the Horizon" by Eugene
O'Neill, distinguished American play-
wright, will be presented Friday and
Saturday nights in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. This is the third
production this summer of the Mich-
igan Repertory Players of the De-
partment of Speech. Prices, 75c, 50c,
and 35c. Box office open from 10 a.m.
to 5 p.m. daily.
"Aircraft Engine Fuel Feeds" by
Mr. F. C. Mock, Bendix Aviation Cor-
poration and "High Octane Fuels" by
Mr. W. G. Lovell, General Motors
Research, are the lectures to be given
in connection with the Internal Com-
bustion Engine Institute, in the Am-
phitheater, Rackham Building, July
13, at 9 a.m.
Graduate Record Program will be
held on Saturday, July 13 in the
on Sunday, July 14, at 2:30 p.m.' in
the rear of the Rackham Building
for an outing to Cavanaugh Lake
County Park. Swimming, softball,
and hiking. Supper outdoors around
a campfire, followed by a social hour.
Dave Davidson and Gerald Hart will
be in charge of arrangements. All
graduate students, faculty and alum-
ni are invited.
The Michigan Wolverine will hold
its regulai Sunday Evening Social
Hour Sunday, July 14, from 6 to
10:30 p.m. Classical music will be
featured from 6 to 7, followed by
popular music until 10:30. Light sup-
pers will be served. There will be a
door charge of $.15.
American Federation of Teachers:
Mr. George Guernsey, editor of the
American Teacher, will speak after
supper in the Russian Tea Room of
the Michigan League on Monday,
July 15. There will be a discussion
following Mr. Guernsey's talk. All
members of the Federation from all
locals are urged to attend; all others
interested are cordially invited. Sup-
per will begin at 6 p.m. Carry a tray
down the cafeteria and bring your
selections across the corridor to the
Russian Tea Room.
Notice to prospective teachers of
modern foreign languages in the see-
ondary schools of the State of New
York. The State Education Depart-
ment at Albany will hold qualifying
examinations in French, German,
Spanish, and Italian on August 3,
1940, which may be taken in Ann
Arbor by candidates enrolled in the
Summer Session. Those interested
should register at once in the office
of tieher the Department of Romance
Languages or the Department of Ger-
man. A circular describing the na-
ture and purpose of these examina-
tions is posted on the bulletin board
of the Department of Romance
College of Literature, Science, and
er ection ?. modern eoolztan
will like the tempting thirst-quenching flavor of
favorite brand of Beer and Wine better from-
T H E BEER VAULT
303 N. Fifth Ave.
IDEAL TEMPERATURE CONTROL
Ideal Service in Your Car
DIAL 8200 FOR DELIVERY
SHOWS DAILY at 2-4-7-9 P.M.
A .WM LffA TM;.1 =lIEuU ."