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July 10, 1940 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1940-07-10

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Weather
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Partly Cloudy Tomorrow

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Editorial
Two-Ocean Navy:
What It Involves...

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. L. No. 14 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 10, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

USHA Warns
Government
Of Quartering
Inadequacies
Claims Housing Shortages
Imperil Defense Work;
Tank Bids Are Opened
At Rock Island, Illinois
Roosevelt To Ask
Taxes Tomorrow
WASHINGTON, July 9.--(PD)-
A warning that the defense program
was in danger of "bogging down" be-
cause of a shortage of housing ac-
commodations for industrial work-
ers was issued by a government
agency today, while the War De-
partment prepared to place orders
for 629 light tanks.
The United States Housing Author-'
ity made public a report by the Na-
tional Executive Committee of Hous-
ing Authorities saying that with pre-
paredness effort just getting under
way "we are already in a situation
as desparate as we were during the
the world war, when disastrous de-i
lays occured because war industries
couldn't get and hold workers for
whom no housing was available."
Tank Bids Opened3
Bids. for the new tanks were open-1
ed yesterday at Rock Island, Ill., but
the War Department said the contract
would not be awarded until later
this week. When the 629 are finished'
.the Army's mechanized forces will
have a total of approximately 1,700
light and medium tanks.
In many industrial cities, the hous-
ing report said, "Migration has al-
ready set in on a large scale, and
warkers brought in for jobs in de-
fense industries are being forced to'
leave because they cannot find places
to live."
New Appropriations Proposed
Defense developments elsewhere in
the Capital included:
1. The National Defense advisory
Commission proposed that Congress
appropriate $25,000,000 to the Ten-
nessee Valley Authority for electric
power to speed production of alum-
inum for airplane production.
2. The Senate Military Committee
postponed hearing testimony by Army
experts, on the Burke-Wadsworth -
Compulsory Military Training Bill
until after the Senate acted on the
confirmation of Col. Frank Knox
and Henry L. Stimson to be Secretar-
ies of Navy and War. 'Asked about
this bill at his press conference, Presi-
dent Roosevelt said the whole ques-
tion was being mulled over.
3. Rear Admiral Chester W. Nim-
itz said in a letter read in the House
that no navy vessels had been sold
to any belligerent nation.
4. Mr. Roosevelt said he would send
to Congress tomorrow a message re-
questing a $5,000,000,000 supplemen-
tary defense program.
Prof. Reichart
To Treat Life
Of Hanptmann
Personal aspects of the life of Ger-
hart Hauptmann, 78-year-old Ger-
man author of "The Weavers," and
many other works, will be discussed
by Prof. Walter A. Reichart of the

German department at the meeting
of the Deutscher Verein at 8 p.m.
tomorrow in Deutsches Haus, 1315
Hill.
Professor Reichart, a personal
friend of Hauptmann's, visited the
famed author in 1928 to gather ma-
terial for his dissertation, b:Haupt-1
mann's Relation to the State."* Since
that time he has visited Hauptmann
often at his home in Germany, and
in Italy.{
In 1937, Professor Reichart col-i
laborated with Felix Voigt, of Bres-
lau, Germany, in writing "Haupt-
mann und Shakespeare," published
by the University of Breslau. He is
co-editor of the Gerhard Haupt-
mann Jahrbuch, and has contributed
numerous articles on the author to
scholarly journals in this country. i
Department Of Speech
To Hold Graduate Parley'

Fitzpatrick Discusses Catholicism
In Religious Conference Lecture
& ,

Dr. Gale Reviews Church
In China; Prof. Sweet
Considers U.S. Religion
"A cult which develops a culture"
was the description of the part Cath-
olicsm has played in modern civiliz-
ation, given by Dr. Edward Fitzpat-
rick, president of Mt. Mary College
for "Women in his speech at yester-
day's forumn of the Sixth Annual
Conference on Religion, attended by
students and faculty of the Summer
Session and prefessional religious
leaders and clergy of the Mid-West.
"A supreme literature, the begin-
nings of modern science, the creation
of great philosophy" were asscribed
by Dr. Fitzpatrick to the Catholic
church in American development..
Its opposition to the totalitarian
states, its broad social basis, its em-
phasis on the individual' and justice
were justifications for its existence
as a potent force in modern civiliz-
ation as it has been in the past. The
origin of the University in the Cath-
olepistemiad in 1817 under the lead-
ership of Father Gabriel Richard was
cited as an example of this trend in
the nation's early struggles.
China Has Many Missions
Dr. Essen M. Gale, advsor to the
Chinese government for more than
15 years, pointed out that the coun-
try has been a more formidable front
for missions than any other culture
group from the earliest contacts of
the 13th century down to the present
crisis in the Far East. Now missions
must reconcile American political
social ideals and Japanese idealogies
in order to contine t be an effective
force for good will and charity. The
question of whether Christainity will
abdicate its leadership is the most
vital question facing religion in
China, he emphasized.
Dr. William Sweet of the Divinity
School of the University of Chicago
opened his series of four speeches
before the conference with his anal-
ysis of the "American religious Scene
at the Opening of the National
Period" by picturing the divirsity of
religious groups which has developed
into the most complex patterns in
Christendom.
Religious Apathy In Colonies
The Colonial period was'folldwed
by a time of striking religious apathy,
Dr. Sweet noted, although various
dominations extended their organ-
izations throughout the American
continents and severed their relations
with churches abroad. Telling of the
Mexico Buries Dead,
Awaits Vote Results
MEXICO CITY, July 9.-(AP)-Fu-
neral corteges moved through this
capital's streets today. where guns
blazed in Sunday's presidential elec-
tion, and Mexicans tensely awaited
further troubles Thursday, when the
vote will be tabulated.
The Government began mobilizing
military and police forces in an ef-
fort to forestall more clashes as sup-
porters of both General Manuel Avila
Camacho, Administration candidate,
and his independent opponent, Gen-
eral Juan Andreu Almazan, claimed
"overwhelming victory."
At least 44 persons were killed and
286 wounded during the polling, and
provincial press dispatches indicated
an additional 50 casualties in the
last 24 hours.

DR. EDWARD FITZPATRICK
relative strength of the faiths ex-
isting in America's early history, Dr.
Sweet noted the fact that colonies
which had official sanction were not
as frequently the home of religious
refugees as were those which had so-
called free churches.
The third day of the conferenece
will feature another talk by both Dr.
Sweet, Dr. Gale and Dr. Fitzpatrick.
Dr. Sweet will continue his addresses
on his central theme, "Church and
State in the World". Dr. Gale will
speak on China's Religious Outlook
at noon today at the luncheon session
in the Union. Dr. .Fitzpatrick will
speak again at 5:15 p.m. in the W.
K. Kellogg Institute Auditorium on
"Principles of Christian Religion".
Wesley, Malone
Continue Culture
Lectures Today
Visiting Men Will Speak
To Group On Educators
In Rackhain Hall "today
Prof. Edgar B. Wesley of the Uni-
versity of Minnesota and Dr. Dumas
Malone, director of the Harvard Uni-
versity Press will deliver lectures to-
day in the Graduate Study Program
in Americ6n Culture and Insitutions.
Dr. Malone will speak at 4:15 p.m.
on "Evangelists andStatesman of
Education." Professor Wesley will
talk at 8:15 p.m. on "Education as a
Responsibility of the State". Both
lectures will be held in the Rackham
School auditorium and will be open
to the public.
Educated at Baldwin-Wallace Col-
lege, where he took his A.B. degree,
Yale and the University of Wiscon-
sin, Professor Wesley took his A.M.
and Ph. D. degrees at Washington
University. From 1917 to 1922 he
taught history and English at the
Jackson Academy in St. Louis, Mo.,
and from 1923 to 1930 he was head
of the social science department of
the University City, &9[o., high school.
Professor Wesley was an instructor
of .history in the Washington Univer-
stiy extension department and sum-
mer school from 1924 to 1930. In
1931 he went to the University of
Minnesota, where he is now professor
of education. He was visiting profes-
sor at Harvard during the summer of
1935.

O'Neill's Play
To Open Run
Here Tonight
Repertory Players To Give
'Beyond The Horizon'
At Mendelssohn Theatre
David Itkin Directs
Psychological Play
The Michigan Repertory Players'
third production of the summer sea-
son, Eugene O'Neill's "Beyond the
Horizon", will open its four-day run
at 8:30 p.m. today in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
A Broadway success and Pulitzer
Prize winner in 1923, the play deals
with the careers of two men Andrew
and Robert Mayo, each of whom pur-
sues the course of life meant for the
other and lives an unhappy life.
Starred in the drama are Arthur
Klein and John Schwarzwalder as
Robert and Arthur and Mary Jordan
as Ruth Atkins, Robert's wife. She
leads a very unhappy life after mar-
rying the 'wrong one'.
Madison Cast
Among others in the cast are Ev-
erett S. Courtright and June Madi-
son as Mr. and Mrs. Mayo, parents
of the two brothers; Henry Patter-
son as Mrs. Mayo's brother, Captain
Dick, who takes Andrew to sea; Eliza-
beth Greene as Mrs. Atkins, Ruth's
mother; William Kinzer as Ben, a
farm hand; and Tom Battin as Dr.
Fawcett.
Directing "Beyond the Horizon" is
David D. Itkin head of the Drama
School at DePaul University and a
director of the Goodman Thearte .in
Chicago. A former member of the
Moscow Art Thearte, Mr. Itkin has
done a great deal of work with Kon-
stantine Stanislavsky, whose theories
of the so-called "natural" drama
have changed the theatre all over
the world.
Drama Of Simplicity
Mr. Itkin is most noted for his
ability to handle psychological drama
in terms of utter simplicity.
Next week, from July 17 through
July 20, the Players will present El-
mer Rice's "Two on an Island" which
will be followed by last year's Broad-
way hit "What a Life" by Clifford
Goldsmith. The last two productions
of the 12th annual Summer Session
season are "Escape" by John Gals-
worthy and "Patience"by Gilbert and
Sullivan.
Martin To Head
GOP Campaign
House Minority Leader
Named By Willkie
WASHINGTON, July 9.-((P))-
Wendell L. Willkie today entrusted
the direction of his Republican Presi-
dential campaign to a 55-year-old
New England Bachelor-Rep. Joseph
W. Martin, Jr., of Massachusetts-
and then went winging away by
special plane for a "long sleep" in
the Colorado mountains.
Martin, House minortil leader and
North Attleboro, Mass., publisher, was
chosen as the new campaign chair-
man of the Republican National
Committee and campaign manager
by the unanimous vote of a national
Committee subcommittee on Willkie's
personal recommendation.
John D. M. Hamilton, present

chairman, who managed the 1936
presidential drive for Alf M. Landon,
a fellow Kansan, was named execut-
ive director of the national com-
mittee. He will assist Martin and re-
tain his $25;000 salary and travel
expense allowance.

Fox Discusses Religious Reform;
Ministers In Dictionary. Listed

President Of Union College
Tells Of New England's
TheologicalDeveloping
By HARRY M. KELSEY
The nineteenth century pattern of
village thought in America had been
firmly established by 1830 and the
new philosophy had come to be dur-
the preceeding 15 years, President
Dixon Ryan Fox of Union College,
stated last night in his speech for
the Graduate Study Program in
American Culture and Institutions.
Abandoning . his announced sub-
ject, "Religion and Humanitarian-
ism", for the topic of "The Protest-
ant Counter-Reformation in Ameri-
ca," President Fox told of the fight
of the orthodox leaders in New Eng-
land to regain ground lost at the
turn of the 19th century to the lib-
eral sects.
American Orthodoxy
The most important single insti-
tution in the development of Ameri-
can orthodoxy for fifty years, Presi-
dent Fox asserted, was the establish-
ment in 1808 of the academy at
Andover, which spurred the develop-
ment of the theological seminary,
thus leading to a better understand-
ing among the clergy of that study.
Two years later, President Fox
maintained, the first general organ-
ization of Congregationalism came
about in the American Board of Com-
missioners for Foreign Missions,
marking the beginning of an at-
tempt at world evangelization from
America. Later, he said, the prosecu-
tion of missions became the church's
most popular appeal.
Bible Society Noted
Another movement of the Coun-
ter-Reformation was that of the Bi-
ble societies, President Fox pointed
out. In 1816 the American Bible So-
ciety was formed in New York which,
tQ this day, sends Bibles to all quart-
ers of the earth.
Reform movements, from war
against Sabbath-breaking to swear-
ing, and especially the temperance
movement, were taken . up by the
clergymen, President Fox told. Full-
time agents of the American Tem-
perance Society, formed in 1826, co-
operating with churches everywhere,
helped make this movement a na-
tional crusade, he stated.
Grand Rapids Municipal
Pipeline Opening Delayed
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., July 9.-
(P)-Opening of the valves of the
new Grand Rapids Municipal Pipe-
line carrying water from Lake Mich-
igan occasioned a 24-hour delay to-
day.
Failure of a representative of the
Company which installed the pipe-
line pumps to arrive here caused the
postponement. Instead, the valves
will be opened tomorrow.

Only Statesmen, Writers,
Outrank Men Of Church,
Dr. Dumas Malone Says
Clergymen are outranked only by.
statesmen and writers in their num-
ber of listings in the Dictionary of
American Biography, Dr. Dumas Ma-
lone, director of the Harvard Univer-
sity Press and editor of the Diction-
ary, told students and guests of the
Graduate Study Program in Ameri-
can Culture and Institutions yester-
day,.
Through a process of elimination
based upon the amount of space
given each clergyman in the Dic-
tionary, Dr. Malone presented a list-
of 25, who, on this basis, could be
considered as America's "Clerical
Role of Honor."
In this group, Dr. Malone pointed
out, the Cqngregational Unitarian
sects predominate, with the Anglican
Episcopal and Presbyterian following
in order. Catholics come about in
the middle, and Evangelists and
Lutherans lag behind in proportion
to their numbers, he indicated.
Geographically, he said, New Eng-
land rates highest, claiming 12 of
the 25. Of the others, 10 were born.
abroad, two came from Maryland,
and one from Virginia.
From these figures Dr. Malone
concluded that New England estab-
lished religious independence first of
all parts of the United States, and
that other churches were longer in
breaking away from the European
influence, suffering a delay in the
development of a native clergy.
The fact that there is no repre-
sentative on the list from west of
the Appalachians, Dr. Malone at-
tributed simply to chronology, say-
ing that by the time the West began
to produce a native clergy the great
age of clerical leadership in America
had passed.
Foreign Center
Holds Reception
Open House Will Be Held.
8 to 11 P.M. Today
International Center will hold Open
House for foreign students registered
in the Summer Session or resident
in Ann Arbor from 8 to 11 p.m. to-
day, Prof. J. Raleigh Watson, direc-
tor of the Center announced.
All foreign students and their
friends are invited to attend the in-
formal reception and view the facili-
ties of the organization which is the
fourth largest in the United States.
Students and faculty will be received
by advisers to foreign students of the
various schools and colleges of the
University.
Professor and Mrs. Nelson will be
hosts.

Dictator Petain Is Granted
Unrestricted. Authority
To Write Constitution
Japanese Display
Anti-U.S. Posters
(By the Associated Press)
The Mediterranean battle-royal
for which the world has been watch-
ing was in progress today (Wednes-
day) between British and Italian
naval forces.
Each side contended its fleet was
chasing the other.
The British said their Mediter-
ranean fleet was chasing a heavy
Fascist squadron which withdrew
behind a smoke screen yesterday af-
ternoon (Tuesday) after one Italian
battleship had suffered a hit at long
range.
A correspondent for Stefani, offi-
cial Italian news agency, reported
the Fascist forces were pursuing the
British, who fled southward in the
Central Mediterranean after a bat-
tle that lasted from 2:30 p.m. to 9
p.m. Tuesday.
Stefani Report
The Stefani report, as received in
London, added that on Monday Ital-
ian planes had sunk a British criiser
and damaged a British battleship
and aircraft carrier in a battle far-
ther east, near the island of Crete.
No word was received direct fron
the Italian Government on either
.engagement, and the Stefani report
did not mention damage to the
British ships in the fight that began
Tuesday. It said the Italian Air
Force was bombing the British, how-
ever.
The British Admiralty, which
made the first announcement of the
Tuesday encounter, did not mention
Italian resistance and did not tell
of any fighting on Monday.
Another chapter in the odyssey of
Britain's abdicated King-Emperor,
the Duke of Windsor, was written in
London last night. King George VI
appointed his brother, now a refugee
in Portugal, Governor and Com-
mander-In-Chief of the Bahama Is-
lands.
Anti-American aqAd Bills
Distributed In Shanghai
SHANGHAI, July 9.-(P)-Hand-
bill's carrying the slogan "down with
America" were posted in Shanghai's
streets today and a Japanese war-
ship emphasized Tokyo's attitude
toward England by seizing a British
ship in Shanghai's harbor.
These manifestations of Japanese
discontent with United States and
British policies in the Far East coin-
cided with a Japanese protest against
"mistreatment" of Japanese gen-
darmes arrested by U.S. marines July
7 and Tokyo's rejection of the British
refusal to close the Burma supply
route to China.
French Parliament
Signs Death Warrant
VICHY, France, July 9.--(P)-
Stricken France's Parliament signed
the death warrant of the democratic
Third Republic today by giving Pre-
mier Marshal Henri Philippe Petain
unrestricted powers to write a new
totalitarian constitution.
The vote of the Chamber of Depu-
ties and Senate, born of defeat and
desperation, gave the Petain Govern-
ment authority to frame its own
laws and constitution, then create
its own national assembly to ratify
them.
The measure, voted with only four
negative voices raised against it, de-
clared the new constitution "must
guarantee the rights of labor, family
and country."
The gendarmes were arrested after
they appeared armed, in plain

clothes, in the marine-guarded zone
of the International Settlement. The
Japanese commander of gendarmes
demanded an apology for asserted
mistreatment of his men,.
In The Balkans
Rumania and Hungary kept up
their feverish military preparations

British And Italian Fleets
Battle In Mediterranean;
Petain Given Free Hand

Niagara Falls Trip Reservations
Due Today In Dr. Hopkins' Office

136 High School Band Players
Register For Three-Week Clinic

Reservations for the Niagara Falls
excursion, sixth of the Summer Ses-
sion series, must be made before 5
p.m. today at the Summer Session
office, Room 1213 Angell Hall.
Tickets for the excursion will be
on sale at that office the following
day. Transportation by boat to and
from Buffalo, by bus to and around
the Falls and round trip bus fare to
Detroit from Ann Arbor will total
317. The estimated total expense for
the excursion, including meals eaten
off the boat, one night at a Niagara
Falls hotel and extras, is 21 dollars.
The group will leave Ann Arbor
from the front of Angell Hall at 3:30
p.m. Friday and return at 10 a.m.
Monday. The boat will leave its dock
at 5:30 p.m. Friday and reach Buf-
falo at 8:30 a.m. Saturday, returning
frnm fliiffn IAt ;- *q} n a Va Quea t,

to take the Canadian route- to the
Falls. Others will travel from Buf-
falo on the New York side.
Conducting the trip will be Prof.
Ruel V. Churchill, director of Sum-
mer Session excursions. Prof. Irving
D. Scott of the geology department
will accompany the group and ex-
plain the geological features encoun-
tered. Mrs. Churchill will be present
as chaperon.
Students Will Visit
Ford Plant Today
Leaving from in front of Angell
Hall at 12:45 p.m. today, students
participating in the fifth Summer
Session excursion will visit the Ford
River Rouge plant, to return about
5:30 p.m.

Children's

Speech

Willlie Discussed
By Dr. Froeschels
Known throughout the world for
his work in children's speech therapy,
Dr. Emil Froeschels, former director
of the speech clinic of the University
of Vienna and present visiting staff
member of the speech clinic of the
Rackham Institute for Human Ad-
justment, will open the week's Lin-
guistic Institute program at 7:30
p.m. today with a lecture on "The
Language Development of Children."

Solo and full band rehearsal train-
ing are being offered to 136 high
school students, representing nine
states, at the fifth annual High
School Band Clinic now assembled
in Ann Arbor.
Sponsored by the School of Music
and directed by Prof. William D. Rev-
elli, the clinic faculty is headed by
Erik W. Leidzen of New York City as
associate conductor and 15 outstand-
ing band instructors and conductors
from all sections of the country.
A three week session of intensive
instruction in all phases of band
work, the clinic program includes en-
semble, sectional and full band re-
hearsals daily, interspersed with rec-
reation and entertainment.
First concert of the session will be
presented by the clinic band at 4:15
p.m. Sunday in Hill Auditorium. Un-

Texas, New York and Massachusetts.
Outstanding instrument groups at
the concert according to Professor
Revelli are French horn, oboe, cornet
and clarinet sections. Leading in
numbers are clarinets and cornets
with 33 and 26 respectively.
Other members of the Clinic fac-
ulty are: Clifford P. Lillya of Mar-
shall High, Chicago; Arthur Schuw-
chow of Aberdeen, South Dakota;
Charles E. Gilbert and Joseph White
of the Curtis Institute, Philadelphia;
Lee Christman of the Music School;
Leonard Meretta of the Lenoir, South
Carolina High School; Manuel Sold-
ofsky of Adrian; E. Rollin Silfies of
Battle Creek; Harold Mueller, Don-
ald L. Marrs, Sidney Berg, Edward
Ostroski and Richard Worthington
of the Music School.
The engagements of the band dur-

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