THE MICHIGAN DAILY
27hy EDITrs se oU 1
Daily Readers Answer Mr. Morrissey's Letter:
Grin And Bear It .. .
C .- __ -_
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NIGHT EDITOR: KARL KESSLER
" RITAIN'S SEIZURE of the French
Navy, part of it by force, will be re-
arded with mixed feelings. It is deplorable that
France and Britain, which so recently had so.
'much in common, should now quarrel violently.
No American. can possibly enjoy the spectacle.
But at the same time, it is heartening, even on
this side of the Atlantic, to see that Britain,
last of the embattled democracies of Europe, is
not afraid to act, and act energetically.
For France, in the circumstances, was in the
wrong. It had a signed agreement with Britain
not make a separate peace. This agreement it
broke. It had given, apparently, a supplementai'y
pledge that, before it accepted an armistice, it
would turn over its fleet to Britain. This also it
broke. To win better terms from Hitler, it form-
ed a pro-Fascist government. What precipitated
the conflict with Britain was an order of the
fleet from this Hitler-controlled or Hitler-fear-
ing government to return to French ports, where.
it would fall under Hitler's control. Many
Frenchmen resent France's betrayal of its late
ally. Not a few have given themselves to the
British cause. Some French warships went over
to -the British. Those which did not were taken,
or pursued, or attacked.
THE CRIES of baffled rage and fury that
straightway arose from Berlin and Rome
are a clear indication of how hard was the blow
to the Axis, which had undoubtly counted on
unsing the French fleet against the British, or,
at least, not having that fleet in hostile hands.
To save its French.ally, B4tain had done all
it could. It had sent an expeditionary force and
placed it under French command, thereby mak-
ing it subject to French errors. It had used a
strong portion of its air force in the battle of
France. And when France, by its own mistakes,
was broken, Britain offered to join empires with
France and continue the struggle from the Brit-
ish Isles, the dominions and the French and
British colonies. It even offered to release France
from its pledge not to make separate peace; if
France would turn over the fleet. France or
rather not France but a craven government
formed in France's name, refused. In self-de-
fense, deserted and alone, what other course had
Britain save to act?
Y THIS ACTION, Britain has greatly streng-
thened its position in the minds and hearts
of Americans. There was widespread fear that
the rot of indecision and division, that disease
of democracy, had eaten asdeeply into the Brit-
Ish as it was proved to have spread into the
French. Of what use, then, to continue to aid,
in our own interest, by all means short of war,
a cause that was already virtually lost? The
evacuation of 350,000 men from Dunkirk, car-.
ried out jointly by the French and British nav-
les, was a brilliant exploit, but it was negative."
.When, if ever, would it wrest the intiative, if only
for a time, from Hitler? Now Britain has given
the answer. Under the very guns of the Italians,
as well as of the French themselves, it has taken
the French fleet. And, by so doing, it has help-
ed not only its own defenses, but ours..
For the thing we have most to fear is a Hit-
ler victory, in which he would gain control both
of the French and British fleets. To arm, in a
Nazi-dominated world, we need time. Every day
that Britain can keep up the fight is a day gain-
ed for us. And every ship that the British keep
from Hitler is a ship less for possible use by
Hitler. against us. So we can thank the British
Navy, in our .thoughts, for its courageous resolu-
dion in a delicate and difficult situation. And
we can take heart. Hitler has not yet won the
war. Britain is still undefeated.
-Chicago Daily Newsy
To The Editor:
We both read the "Praise for Germany" in
your July 6th issue. Though we are only guests
of this country we felt indomitable desire to
answer Mr. Morrissey's challenge. We hope that
the "true-born" American youth will realize the
gravity of this insult too and will give a fitting
answer. We were puzzled by the question: is it
true that American youth can be measled by
German proaganda to such an extent? We sim-
ply cannot imagine that anybody, brought up in
the atmosphere of great American liberty, could
ever write a letter like that.
But let us assume that he is an American. In
this case we do not want to discuss about any-
body's personal belief, that is, thanks to the
American democratic way of freedom of thought
and feeling, still strictly individual matter. We
just want to point out some of the passages
which we found at least mistaken.
First: "The Versailles Treaty was also an
outraging insult to a great nation." Frankly, we
admire that the terms of the Entente were not
harsher. After four years of pouring death, four
years of misery, four years of such hell in Nor-
thern France that on many parts of the battle-
fields the soil was literally bombed away, and
that according to statisticians at least one bomb
exploded on every square yard of those battle-
fields, after all that the aggressor, the perfect-
ly defeated aggressor had to take some terms.
But the victorious Entente did not humiliate the
completely defeated Germans by marching into
Berlin, nor did they commit things what the
Germans did in defeated Poland.
Second: about the "fine institutions". We ad-
mit the fine insitutions of the totalitarian count-
ries. But do not forget that the most of those
fine institutions were created under the fruitful
patronage of the former democratic govern-
Third: tlge aim of the British Commonwealth
is "to reserve one-fourth of the earth for the de-
velopment of Anglo-Saxon culture alone." I have
to point out that if Britain will be defeated,
the reserves of India, China, Malaya and the
East Indies will be lost not only to the British
but also to all the white race. On the other hand
we both had the opportunity so far to enjoy theN
benefits of both the Lantino-German and Anglo-
Saxon cultures. Drawing a relatively objective
conclusion of the comparison between the two,
we can state that the Anglo-Saxon culture is
worthy of being the dominating tendency of at
least one-fourth of the World.
Fourth: "The British have invented the myth
of their own superiority to all other peoples."
If there is one nation which has a superiority
complexit is certainly the German.
Fifth: "Who but a fanatic Anglo-Saxon jingo
will dare assert that great constitution is of
more value than a great symphony." All we have
to say is: If Mr. Morrissey prefers a Brahms-
symphony (as a matter of fact we both are great
music-lovers) before the Consitution, the per-
haps greatest Christian and Human institution
since the New Testament, we may have a slight
suggestion: Try, dear Mr. Morrissey, to write an
insult, like that against the ruling system in
Germany. Then you would have the opportunity
to enjoy the "great achievement" of the present
German civilization: the concentration camp.
Perhaps you may even get a special permission,
on account of your merits in German propa-
ganda abroad, to take a few symphonic records
with you, though we doubt it.
--Two foreigners that feel more American
than some "true-born"-s.
To The Editor:
As an example of muddled thinking and super-
ficial knowledge, Mr. James Morrissey's com-
munication in thiscolumn would be difficult to
equal. Granting the writer's sympathy with the
German cause, one finds it difficult to follow
the reasoning that apparently assumes a Ger-
man victory to be 'beneficial ,to the world in
general. Mr. Morrissey does not like the Ver-
sailles Treaty, and he infers that it contained
the principle that injustice can be excused by
its vigorous enforcement. The Treaty, says the
writer, was harsh economically and an outrage-
ous insult to a great nation. But he fails to fol-
low his argument to Czechoslovakia; Poland,
Denmark, Belgium, and Holland. But perhaps
they haven't been-to say the least- insulted. Is
the subjugation-unless 'protection' should be
used-of these countries justifiable retribution for
the 'insult' to Germany in 1919? Mr. Morrissey's
talk of "justice in international relations" is
difficult to reconcile with the treatment of these
By further arguement we are informed that
the British Commonwealth of Nations has de-
liberately imprisoned the other great and pro-
gressive cultures in their inadequate home-
lands." Perhaps the writer would explain how
a culture is imprisoned, in what way "adequate"
is to be measured, and whatever the dissemin-
ation of culture necessitates and justifies force.
Apparently Britain's "overbearing arrogance,,
must be crushed by warfare-"a necessary con-
dition for equitable cooperation of all nations
in maintaining a just peace." It needs a stretch
of the imagination and ethical standards to
realize that a German victory would result in a
just peace. What sort of cooperation would come.
out of it? How many nations would cooperate?
Great Britain has no charity and so there can
be no lasting peace, says Mr. Morrissey. Pre-
sumably Germany is about to endow the world
with both! One wonders how many peoples in
To The Editor:
Last Saturday a Mr. Morrissey took issue in
this column with that "Pro-British lecturer",
Professor Ehrmann. Mr. Morrissey insisted that
the British have tried to impose their cultures
on the world at the expense of the equally ex-
cellent cultures of Germany, Italy, and Japan;
and that therefore, it will be a fine thing for the
world when Germany finally imposes her culture
on Britain. To quote him, "Germany is about to
humble English pride, to show England that she
too can be defeated. This will be an everf greater
service to the world than the disruption of the
British Empire. For as long as the British hold
other nations in contempt, there cannot exsist
in the world any real charity, and without char-
ity there can be no lasting peace."
Undoubtly the world needs more charity and
its by-product, peace. The question is, will it get
more charity and peace from Hitler than from
England? Before we underwrite Hitler's new
order of things, we must be sure of this. If it will,
then by all means, let's encourage Hitler, now.
But, Hitler's proof of superior peace and charity
hasn't been too convincing, so let's not be too
hasty about subscribing to his new order on that
History makes it clear that all major powers
have had major faults and virtues. Germany's
special virtues seem to be efficiency and organ-
ization. There can be little doubt that she, more
than any other nation, has perfected the tech-
niques of full utilization of modern industrial
The British have less of this virtue of effici-
ency than the Germans. But it is evident that,
on the other hand, they have more of the virtue
of tolerance.... they are more inclined to admit
that there are other ways of doing things than
the specifically English way. Else why didn't
they stop Germany from rearming? Why did
they let Australia and Canada stray so far frm
direct crown rule? They had the military power,
at the time, to impose their will on these nations.
As with the Germans and British, so it is with
all nations; all have characteristic virtues and
faults. (We Americans aren't exactly angels..or
devils., ourselves.) These differences must be
viewed rationally, just as they are among friends,
if world peace is to result. As Deems Taylor put
it, "If only perfection had a right to exsist, where
would you be"
But how are we to judge between all these
claims and counter-claims? Must we decide
definitely between the various faults and virtues
of each nation, as they affect us? Since we are
already a part of world society, we must. History
points out that successful governments, as well
as works of art, have been achieved only by de-
ciding what is good for the aggregate, encour-
aging that, and repressing what is bad. Ethical
judgements can't be escaped, whether in person;
al, society, family, or international relations.
This country has made the initial ethical de-
cision that, whatever form of government comes,
anarchy, democracy, or dictatorship, it wishes
to retain its own national sovereignity. But this
sovereignity seems likely to be challenged by a
group of foreign powers, and immediately we
are faced with the task of taking steps which
will insure this sovereignity.
Our military experts tell us that, to do this,
we must build more naval and air bases, boost
armament production, train men, do all in our
power to keep the British fleet from falling into
German hands, and do it quickly. But we aren't
doing it! In Washington, committees table vital
defense projects: in Detroit, Mr. Ford refuses
to let his industrial resources be used as his
government wants them to be used; and in Ann
Arbor, students continue to try frantically to
avoid important ethical decisions about Ger-
many and Britain.
Are we waiting for someone to make these
decisions for us? If so, the Bund is expert at this
job. .let's call them in. If not, let's look the facts
in the face, and make our decisions accordingly.
Next, let's put these ethical decisions into prac-
tice; let's think, talk, vote, act, and write about
them. Let's recognize cynicism about retaining
our national sovereignity, and hesitancy about
taking quick steps to defend that sovereignity,
as a childish incapacity to make necessary eth-
-Bruce G. Ellison
What Americans Can Do
Intensely though our people are moved by the
appaling events in Europe, there is one thing
America cannot do. It cannot stop the war. It
cannot turn the tide of battle, even if it chose
to make the attempt. This is a rich and ener-
getic country, but it has not devoted itself to
preparing for war. As many expert witnesses
testify, our armaments are utterly inadequate
for any military venture abroad.
But there is one thing America can do. It can
help relieve the sufferings brought by Europe's
cruel war. It can give generously to the American
Red Cross, whose task it is to shelter the home-
less, nurse the sick and wounded, feed the
hungry, care for the widows and orphans. We
cannot embark upon a crusade of force, but we
can accomplish a crusade of healing and mercy.
The St. Louis area to date is far below its
quota in the national campaign for a $20,000,00
war relief fund. The grave need is realized by all,
but why are persons able to give still restraining
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch
gangsters; and Europe showed its gratitude to
of 1-n eifa'in ofrr. irlln nrl ic inif, m p.md
'cnc ' eg. U. 8. Pat.,Off.. Anl na.
"Henry, look through that suitcase with the towels-Mildred wants
to know the name of the hotel we stayed at in Ann Arbor."
The Straight ope.
Our case against the mechanical
age continues with this cdlumn.
Number one on the docket is a little
item from Middletown, Conn. It1
seems that the town decided thatr
it needed a new wireless outfit for
its police cars. One of those two-way
radio control 'businesses that towns
outside New England have had long
enough to be used to. Well, the citi-
zens put out their money and the
system was installed. After the usual
amount of preliminary difficulty the
policemen learned how they were
supposed to manipulate the dials'
and the day for testing the new
Now thedbiggest moving picture
house in Middletown had long had a
steadynclientele of old ladies who
loved to attend the movies on a quiet
afternoon. What was their surprise,
not to use a stronger word, when
Clark Gable remarked to Vivien
Leigh "Two drunks are fighting at
the corner of Oak and Main." Equal-
ly astonishing was the demure Miss
Leigh's reply "I'll be there in a min-
ute if I can get this damned motor
started. Something's the matter
with the carburetor."
But perhaps more surprised were
the policemen who, having attended
to the little fracas at Oak and Main,
were cruising along aimlessly with
their faulty carburetor. "Attention"
they were bidden. They attended.
"Officers Murphy and Eggleston-I
have never loved anyone else and
never will again. It's you I want."
Convinced that something was
wrong the officers reported and re-
ceived an audience just as the irate
theatre manager left. The news con-
cluded with the, to us, sinister re-
mark that "an expert came down
from Boston and fixed, it." Score
one for the machine, zero for man-
But from the Antipodes comes
more cheerful news. We suppose it
is all pro-British propaganda but we
are informed through what are ge-
nially called the public prints that
among those who volunteered to
fight for king and country is Sergt.7
Leath Park, now in training at Mel-
bourne. Sergeant Park, it appears,t
is the answer to the eighty-ton tank.
Lifting a motor car is a casual feat
to him. Holding up the rear end of
a truck is of no real. consequence
His favorite pastime, we are given
to understand, is chewing six-penny
bits which, we are more or less re-1
liably informed, approximate the size1
of "a quarter and are 'made of silver
and copper alloy. When these fail
he gets some diversion from mouth-
ing huge quantities of barbed wire.
Here is evidently one man whom the
Steel Age cannot conquer. It bodes
ill for Hitler when Sergt. Park swings
into action. Score one for human-1
From Omaha comes proof that the'
American Way is still going strong.
A new variety of the speed-up has.
been perfected which brings happi-
ness even to the employes. One, Mr.
J. L. Thurmond, the manager of a
laundry, noticed that at their lunch
hour his workers invariably listened
to swing records~ and went through
various gyrations all too familiar to
our faithful readers. He gained,
therefrom, an inspiration.
Now in the laundry more than
two hundred records are played eve-
ry week and production has stepped
up fifteen percent. Peace brothers,'
it's truly wonderful. Whether this
achievement should be credited to
man or the machine is hard to say.
Personally we give all credit to the
machine. It seems that an identical
system was used some time ago in
the galleys of the Romans but there
it was not only drum beats but the
crack of the whip that got the energy
out of the boys. There is no men-
tion of a whip ii Omaha. Progress,
brothers. Behold the dawn of a new
All notices for the Daily Official
3ulletin are to be sent to the Office
f the Summer .Session before 3:30
.M. of the day preceding its pub-
cation except on Saturday when
he notices should be submitted be-
ore 11:30 A.M.
Phi Delta Kappa will hold its
veekly luncheon today at 12:10
in the Michigan Union. Professor
James K. Pollock will speak briefly
and answer questions on the Euro-
Biological Chemistry Lectures: Dr.
E udolph Schoenheitner of the De-
artment of Biochemistry of Colum-
ia University, will deliver a series
Af lectures on July 8, 9, 10 and 11 at
2:00 p.m. in the Amphitheatre of
the Rackham Building. Dr. Schoen-
feimer's lectures will have as their
general title "The Use of Isotopes in
the Study of Metabolism." All in,
terested are cordially invited.
Wives of students and internes are
invited to attend a tea given in
their honor today, July 9th from
3:30 to 5:30 in the garden of the
Michigan League. All wives of sun-
mer school students are urged to
come and get acquainted.
Men's Education Club baseball
series will continue at South Ferry
Field at 4:00 p.m. today.
Shall We Have a Core Curriculum,"
will be the title of the lecture to be
given by F. G. Macomber, Professor
of Education, University of Oregon,
at 4:05 p.m. today in University High
The Graduate Commercial Club
will hold its annual picnic to'day,
July 9, at Newport Beach, Portage
Lake. Cars will leave the University
High School at five o'clock. Tickets
may be secured at the High School
Why People Do Not Get Jobs When
There Are Jobs will be discussed at
the Rackham Building promptly 'at
7:00, Tuesday evening, July 9. Dem-
onstrations of the causes of the fail-
ure in making application will be
given. The program must be over
T. Luther Purdom, Director
Bureau of Appointments and
Duplicate Bridge will begin at
1:30 tonight at the Michigan League,
and every Tuesday hereafter, instead
of at 8:00 as originally announced.
All students in the Departments
of Greek and Latin are cordially in-
vited to attend an informal recep-
tion to be given by the departments
today, July 9, at 8:00 p.m. in
the Garden of the Michigan .League,
or in the Ethel Fountain Hussey
Room in case of rain.
Solar Motion Pictures. Some very.
remarkable recent films of solar
prominences in motion and other
solar phenomena will be shown in
the Natural .cience Auditorium at
8:15 p.m. today, July 9th. These
films have been takew Hduring
the past year at the McMath-Hul-
bert observatory of the University of
Michigan, located at Lake Angelus,
Mich. While of particular interest
to those electing courses in Astron-
omy, all Summer Session students
are invited to aend.
Faculty Concert. The first faculty
concert in the Summer Session series
will be given this evening, July
9, at 8:30 p.m., in Hill Auditorium.
The following faculty members will
participate: Professors Maud Okkel-
berg, pianist, and Arthur Hackett,
tenor, soloists; and a quartet com-
posed of Wassily Besekirsky, violin-
ist; Hanns Pick, violoncellist; An-
thony J. Whitmire, violist; and Josue
eph Brinkman, pianist.
Men's Education Club, July 10:
Professor Roy W. Sellers will speak
on The Survival of Democracy, and
Professor A. D. Moore will demon-
strate the art of jugglery.
The Michigan Dames will hold a
bridge party at the Michigan League
on Wednesday, July 10th. at 2
o'clock for the wives of the summer
school students. There will be a
charge of 10c to cover expenses and
Seminar in Pure Mathematics
(Math. 301) will meet Wednesday at
3 o'clock in 3201 A.H. Proposed top-
ics: Fixed point theorems, and er-
Speech Students: There will be an
assembly of all graduate Speech stu-
dents in the Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre Wednesday, July 10, at 4 p.m.
Chemistry Lecture: The second in
the series of chemistry lectures will
be given by Professor G. G. Brown
on Wednesday, July 10 at 4:15 p.m.
in the Amphitheatre of the Rack-
(Continued on Page 3)
one of the chief bones of contention
WASHINGTON-More alert minds
in the Roosevelt Administration have
been doing some very careful think-
ing' about what is going to happen
to American trade in the future. The
picture is far from optimistic. He:
are some of the things they have
After this war is over it is almost
inevitable that the world will be di-
vided into four great trading areas.
They will be:
1. Japan and China, comprising
about 450,000,000 people and falling
under the totalitarian domination of
2. Germany, which will exercise
life and death rule over about 400,-
000,000 people, including all the na-
tions of Europe.
3. Russia, which will govern the
trade of about 200,000,000 people.
4. The United States, Canada and
South America-if we can still keep
the latter under the Monroe Doc-
trine. There will represent about
Tn +he first three o fthes eecnomic
ize China, also will pay slave wages,
and will do the same.
Therefore the United States, in
order to continue any kind of export
trade whatsoever, will have to do
one of four things:
1. Reduce wages to a level approx-
imating the starvation standards
paid in Germany.
2. Reduce profits, or eliminate
them altogether, if German prices
are to be met.
3. Subsidize industry an* virtually
take it over, as under the Nazi, Fas-'
cist, and Soviet systems..
4. Create a foreign trade monop-
oly. This is what the Russians have
done for more than a decade, and
what .the Nazis have been doing,
moi-e recently. All exports abroad
are sold through the ;government
and imports are purchased the same
It is this last system which New
Deal advisers consider least objec-
tionable of the four, and upon which