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July 02, 1940 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1940-07-02

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rAGE FMUD

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

TUESDAY, JULY 2, 1940

TIE MICHIGAN DAILY

6.75 Per Cent Of Nation Support
Active Aid To Allies, Poll Shows

GTE N ~ ear~vem-.-.Z' .d
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republicationi of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
64.00; by mal, $4.50.
REPRESENTED POR NATIONAL ADVER,9SING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADsoN AVE. NEW YORK, N. Y.
CHCAGO ' osoR 'Los ANGELES - SNFRANcIScO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939.40
Editorial Staff
Managing Editor .............. Carl Petersen
City Editor ...............Norman A. Schorr
Associate Editors .......Harry M. Kelsey, Karl
Kessler, David I. Zeitlin, Suzanne Potter,
Albert P. Blaustein, Chester Bradley
Business Staff
Business Manager .............Jane E. Mowers
Assistant Manager .......... Irving Guttman
NIGHT EDITOR: KARL KESSLER
Preparedness
And Peace
The Republican platform carpenters in Phil-
adelphia have missed an opportunity. They have
failed fully to meet the challenge of Blitzkrieg
changes. If they see what kind of a world Amer-
ica now lives in, or what it must face unless
Britian stands, they have not warned the people.
In the plank on national defense-which is the
much-struggled-over core of the platform- they
have taken 6upposedly "safe" political ground
instead of offering the leadership America sore-
ly needs.
But at least they have left the door ajar for
a nominee who can step out and with the aid
of events awaken the Nation to its true position.
There were reports that isolationists were trying
to write a plank which would pledge the Re-
publican Party never to permit the United States
to go to. war under any circumstances. This in
face of Governor Stassen's wise advice to "frank-
'ly state to the people that we can neither fully
anticipate these problems nor can we tie our
hands before meeting them." Such frankness
has not been achieved, and there is still danger
that the temptation to play politics with peace
will produce a campaign in which the Republi-
cans will duplicate the Wilson campaign of
1916-with no more assurance that the Nation
can keep out of war.,
The declaration that the party is "firmly op-
posed to involving this Nation in foreign war"
is unimpeachable as an expression of the hopes
of Americans. But it is no quarantee. The effort
to stake out a prior claim as the "peace party"
goes even further i nthe statement:
The Republican party stands for Amer-
icanism, preparedness and peace. We ac-
cordingly fasten upon the New Deal full re-
sponsibility for our unpreparedness and for
the consequent danger of involvement in
war.
When the Democrats meet in Chicago they
can put that same statement into their plat-
form-merely reversing the names of the party.
And they might marshal strong evidence to
show that they are for "Americanism, prepared-
ness and peace." They could bring up some Re-
publican votes in Congess which would fasten
a considerable proportion of blame for unpre-
paredness on that party. Actually there is e-
nough blame for all of us. The fact is that no
one quite believed the Nazi war machine could
roll so fast and far. Some warned of dangers
but none of us quite realized what the world
would be like. Do we now?
If so, we shall lay aside all partisan attempts
to fasten the blame for unpreparedness' and
unite in preparing. If so, we shall drop this
peace-party versus war-party playing with na-
tional safety. We shall wake up to precieve that
this was the kind of thing that ruined France.
There is room for a calm and informed debate
on whether President Roosevelt has risked war

too much in his efforts to aid the Allies. There
is room for a necessary discussion of whether
America can and should defend only the geo-
gaphical boundries of the Western Hemisphere.
But, if we judge the temper of the American
people rightly, there is no room for petty par-
tisanship in the coming campaign.
Fortunately the Republicans in an otherwise
splendid platform have not completely tied the
hands of their candidate on the vital question
of foeign policy. And the people's response to
events will shape that policy beyond any power
of platform makers,
Christian Science Monitor
The New York Times
On Daily Worker Bombing
The attacks maderecently at the buildings oc-
cupied by the German consulate and the Com-
"munist Daily Worker were vicious, cowardly
and the sort of act that thoroughly disgusts a

NEW YORK-More than 67 per cent of the
American people now favor active aid to the
Allies, as compared with only 26.1 per cent last
winter, Fortune magazine reveals in its July
Issue, which contains a special supplement on
the results of a Survey of Public Opinion con-
ducted since the blitzkrieg swept into France,
but before Marshal Petain asked for peace.
Other findings in the Survey are:
1.-Of the 67.5 per cent favoring aid to
the Allies, 40.6 per cent want to stay out of
war; the remaining 26.9 per cent want to
go to war on the Allies' side now or later.
2.-Sentiment in favor of extending cred-
it to the Allies has risen to 35.2 per cent
from 23.8 per cent in December, but is still
far short of a majority.
3.-But a majority believes that if Bri-
tain and France run out of cash we should
supply it by buying some of their territory
on this side of the ocean.
4.-The number of people who think Ger-
many will win the war has increased five-
fold during the last nine months.
Here is how opinion was divided on the ques-
tion: "Which of these comes closest to express-
ing what you think the U.S. should do now?"
Enter the war at once on the side of
Allies .................... 7.7%
Help the Allies and go to war only if
the Allies seem sure to lose ... 19.2%
Help the Allies but never enter the
war.......................40.6%
Take no sides....................26.0%
Help Germany .................... 0.2%
Don't know............6.3%
"Thus only about a quarter of the nation re-
mains where fully two-thirds of the nation was
last winter: 'take no sides'," Fortune points out.
"Against these are now a slightly larger number
favoring war, now or later if necessary-an in-
crease of 10 per cent. In the middle position
stand 40.6 per cent who favor helping the Allies
without going to war. These, of course, include
the 8.9 per cent who thought the same last win-
ter, plus, presumably, a large percentage of the
old 'take no sides but sell cash-and-carry' vote
revealed last winter."
And here are the replies to the question:
"What" do you think the U.S. should do about
selling supplies to the nations at war?",
Sell only to the Allies, and on credit
if necessary ..........35.2 %
Sell only to the Allies, and only for
cash....................23.7%
Sell to either side for credit ..........0.6%
Sell to either side for cash .. ... 16.7%
Sell nothing to any warring nation .. 15.1%
Don't know ........................ 8.7%
"Thus pro-Ally though the nation is as a
whole, the people who favored extending credits
to the Allies were still a minority of 35.2 per
cent," Fortune points out. "But this figure rep-
resents a considerable increase over that shown
in the December Survey, when only 11.5 per cent
favored repeal of the Johnson Act, plus 12.3
per cent who would approve its repeal 'only if
it looks as if the Allies were losing.' No doubt
the figure has been increasing faster during re-
cent weeks."
The Fortune Survey also asked: "If England
and France run out of cash and want to buy

December
Survey
Yes ..................44.6%
No ... ................ 39.2%
Don't know ............ 16.2%

Present
Survey
61.4%
22.0%
16.6%

more supplies here, should we provide them
with the cash by buying some of their territory
on this side of the ocean?" The replies were:

"This proposal, already favorably regarded
last winter, seems to have become a really
popular solution," Fortune observes. "By class
and occupation and part of the country there
are clean majorities in every group, and the
dissenting votes rise no higher than 29.7 per
cent, by geography in the Middle West, and
32 per cent, by occupation, among white-collar
workers."
On the question: "Regardless of what you
hope, which side do you think will win the war
in Europe, as it looks now?" the answers were:
Germany .......................... 40.1%
The Allies ........................ 30.3%
Neither ........................... 1.7%
Don't know...................... 27.9%
"The 'don't. know' vote remains about the
same as it was nine months ago," Fortune
states, "but the pessimists, then a handful, have
since increased fivefold, and surely events since
the first of June have immensely swelled their
numbers."
Then on the question: "Do you believe that
Germany has already started to organize a 'Fifth
Column' in this country?" the replies were:
Yes .............................. 71.0%
No ................................ 6.8%
Don't know ...................... 22.2%
"Nowhere in the country, and among no
classes are there as many- as 10 per cent who
disbelieve that a Fifth Column is being estab-
lished here, although 35 per cent in the Middle
South answered 'don't know'," Fortune reports.
"The prevalence of this opinion is startling, and
perhaps wholesome."
The Fortune Survey also sampled public opin-
ion on the question: "Which one of these comes
closest to what you think the government should
do about Communist sympathizers? Nazi sym-
pathizers?" The answers:

The Russian
.Rdvance ...
The rapid moves of the Red Army
within the last few weeks, first to
occupy the three Baltic republics of
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, and
now to carve up the northeastern
provinces of Rumania and take mili-
tary bases on the mouth of the Dan-.
ube and at the large Rumanian port
of Constanza, indicate that the man
in the Kremlin is impatient and is
demanding his share of the spoils
even before the war is over. It is an
advance along the old Russian line
of march toward the Dardanelles
and the Mediterranean, a march
which Austria-Hungary always op-
posed and now greater Germany and
Italy must eye with suspicion
The seizure of Bessarabia had been
expected, but the inclusion of Buco-
vina, which was never a part of
Czarist Russia, puts in doubt the fate
of the last remaining portion of ter-
ritory inhabited by Ukrainian popu-
lations, the Carpatho-Ukraine, now
a part of Hungary. If the Soviet
Union is to have a strong western
frontier, it is logical that Stalin would
try to reach the line of the Carpa-
thian Mountains and include this
region within the Soviet Union.
How much farther Germany and
Italy are prepared to see the Russians
advance toward the heart of the
Balkan peninsula without resistance
is now the vital question. All three
great powers, Italy, Germany and
Soviet Russia, have claims to the
remaining small countries, Yugo-
slavia, Bulgaria and Greece, as well
as the Dardanelles. Thus far they
appear to have agreed that as its
share of the spoils Russia should have
Bessarabia and other portions of Ri-
mania, as well as bases along the
Black Sea coast. However, now that
Stalin has taken what was probably
all that was allotted to him the ques-
tion arises what Germany and Italy
will do if he tries to continue his
march south.
The Bulgarian frontier is only a
scant eighty miles south of Con-
stanza, where Russia will have a sea
base, according to reports. Between
the two points lies the southern cor-
ner of Dobruja, a region which has
a large Bulgarian population and
which Bulgaria has always hoped to
get back some day. Bulgaria may
now turn to Soviet Russia for help
to recover this lost territory, perhaps
in return for bases farther down the
coast, in Bulgarian territory, or it
may fall under German or Italian
spheres of influence, asking its old
ally, Germany,to grant its demands.
Yugoslavia has adopted a much
friendlier attitude toward Russia in
recent weeks, signing a trade agree-
ment and exchanging envoys for the
first time since the Soviet revolution,
indicating a further advance of Rus-
sian influence. On the other hand,
Hungary, a close ally of Germany
and Italy, has claims on Rumania
which are even more far reaching
than those of Bulgaria, and there are
indications that the Hungarians are
impatient to get back large areas
now deep in the center of Rumanian
territory. Thus the implications of
the Soviet move are not only that
Stalin is deeply worried and wishes
to strengthen his position as rapidly
as possible, grabbing bases and land
while Germany is still occupied in
western Europe, but also that the pre-
carious balance of power in the Bal-
kans has been overthrown. If this
proves true, then the brief era of
security which the small nations of
southeastern Europe enjoyed is at
an end.
-N.Y. Herald-Tribune
Right To Publish Legal
LANSING, July 1.-(P)-Willard

McIntyre, deputy attorney general,
held today that the Secretary of
State has authority to index and
make public the names of persons
who signed petitions to qualify the
Communist Party for a place on the
November ballot.

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Communist
Nothing, or no more than
it is now doing ...........3.4%
Keep track of them so
that they could be round-
ed up if necessary ........16.6%
Keep track of them ,and
also prevent them from
agitating and organizing . .32.9%
Deport them or put them
in jail ...................37.8%
Don't know ...............9.3%

(Continued from Page 2)

Nazi
2.7%
13.1%
28.2%
46.1%
9.9%

Tues., July 2, at 4:05 in the Univer-
sity High School Auditorium on
"Should Education Go Back to St.
Thomas?"
Intramural Baseball Practice
Games: Tuesday, July 2, 4:15, South
Ferry Field.
Tigers (Russ Waters, Mgr.) vs Wol-
verines(A. Michelson, Mgr.)
Faculty (Karl Litzenberg, Mgr.) vs
Blitzers (Ivan Parker, Mgr.)
Trojans (E. Lancaster, Mgr.) vs Ten
Old Men (H. Dunn, Mgr.)
Eskimos(A. Campbell, Mgr.) vs Psi
Upsilon(Geo. Bisbee, Mgr.)
Wesley Foundation. A group will
be leaving the Recreation Room of
the Wesley Foundation headquarters
(S. State and E. Huron Sts.) at 4:30
p.m. for a picnic at the Island. Please
call 6881 before noon for reserva-
tions. There will be a small charge
for supper.
There will be a mass meeting today
at 5:00 in the League for all people
interested in working on any of the
League committees. There will be
opportunities to act as hostesses for
Friday, Saturday apd Wednesday
dances as well as help on arrange-
ments for the annual Festival. The
room number will be posted on the
bulletin board under social commit-
tee. Anyone who cannot attend this
meeting is urged to call Mary Ellen
Wheeler, 7930.
Fellowship of Reconciliation: The
regular meeting will be 7:00 o'clock
tonight at Lane Hall. A series of
meetings on "Pacifism and Conscien-
tious Objection to War" has been
scheduled for July. Tonight the dis-
cussion will be on "The Significance
of Conscientious Objection."
Business Education Rally: A Get-
Acquainted meeting for students in
Commercial Education will be Ifeld in
West Conference Room, Rackham
Building, on Tuesday ~Evening, July
2, at 7:15. There will be a short pro-
gram and refreshments.
J.M. Trytten
Duplicate bridge will begin at 7:30
instead of 8:00 tonight.
Deutscher Verein: Mrs. Ruth Wen-
dt will give a talk on her experiences
in China with lantern. slides. All
members of the Club, students of
German all those interested are cord-
ially invited to attend. The talk will
be given at 8 o'clock, Tuesday night,
1315 Hill Street.
Linguistic Institute luncheon con-
ference, Wed., 12:15 p.m., at the
Michigan Union. Dr. Charles Hockett
will discuss "The Linguistic Approach
Summer SessionExcursion No. 3
to the Ford River Rouge Plant will
leave Wed., July 3, at 12:45 from in
front of Angell Hall. The excursion
ends in Ann Arbor at 5:30 p.m.
Tickets, which may be purchased at
1213 Angell Hall, are $1.25.
All Episcopal Students and their
friends are cordially invited to tea
at Harriss Hall (corner of State and
Huron) Wednesday afternoon from
four to six.
Chemistry Lecture: The first in
the series of chemistry lectures will
be given by Prof. Howard B. Lewis
on Wed., July 3, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham bldg.
Subject: Chemistry of the Vitamins.
Pi Lambda Theta Lecture: Dr. M.
Evelyfi Dilley, Foreign Language
Consultant in the Curriculum Work-
shop in the School of Education, will
speak on "Pi Lambda Theta and Cit-
izenship," Wed., July 3, at 7:30, in

"With more than 70 per cent suspecting the
presence of a Fifth Column in this country,
and more than 70 per cent favoring actually
curbing, locking up, or deporting Communist
and Nazi sympathizers, the nation is plainly
on the alert against danger from within," For-
tune declares. "It had perhaps 'better also be
on the alert to preserve its civil liberties against
zealots to whom a Fifth Columnist may mean
anyone who disagrees with them."

the University Elementary School
Library. The lecture is open to the
public.
Cercle Francais: The second meet-
ing of the Cercle will be held Wed-
nesday at 8 o'clock at the Foyer
Francais, 1414 Washtenaw. Mlle.
Jeanne Rosselet, Directrice of the
Foyer will give a talk entitled "Un
Heros de Jules Romains Louis Bas-
tide." Group singing. Rrefreshments.
Students who arc interested may still
join the Cercle.
Liebniz Stuy Group: Students in-
terested in reading together "The
Monadology" of Liebniz are invited
to meet at Lane Hall Fri., July 5, at
two o'clock. This is a continuation
of the group which has been reading
Berkeley and Pascal during the past
year.
The Negro Students at the Smith
League House No. 2, 1102 East Ann
St., are having a reception on Fri-
day, July 5, from 9 to 10:30 p.m.,
followed by dancing until 1:00 a.m.
All students and their friends are
invited.
Wives of students and internes are
invited to attend a tea given in their
honor on Tuesday. July 9th from
3:30 to 5:30 in the garden of the
Michigan League. All wives of sum-
mer school students are' urged to
come and get acquainted.
The Michigan Dames will hold a
bridge party at the Michigan League
on Wednesday, July 10th. at 2
o'clock for the wives of the summer
school students. There will be a
charge of 10c to cover expenses and
prizes.
School of Education, Changes of
Elections (Undergraduates): No
course may be elected for creditafter
Sat., July 6; no' course may be
dropped without penalty after Sat.,
July 13. Any changes of elections of
students enroleld in this school must
be reported at the Registrar's office,
4 University Hall.
Membership in a class does not
cease nor begin until all changes
have been thus officially registered.
Arrangements made with instructors
are not official changes.
L.S. and A Juniors now eligible for
concentration who have not received
concentration forms and a blueprint
through the mail should call for
these at or in Room 4 University
Hall. The' te concentration slip
should be signed by the adviser and
returned to Room 4 as soon as poss-
ible. Students are not signed in a
field until this form has been return-
ed to the Registrar's Office.
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: No course may
be elected for credit after the end of
the second week. Saturday, July 6th,
is therefore the last date on which
new elections may be approved. The
willingness of an individual instruct-
or to admit a student later will not
affect the operation of this rule.
The use of the eye in seeing what
is said is of special advantage to
those with poor hearing. A course in
speech-reading is available at the
University Speech Clinic, 1007 E.
Huron St. The class is open to those
who wish to develop the speech-
reading ability for practical use in
case of any deficiency in hearing. It
is also a laboratory for the benefit
of teachers and students in the field
of Speech Science, especially in con-
nection with certain courses outlined
in the University bulletins. Telephone
or call or write for consultation ap-
pointment.
Aeronautical Engineering Stud-
ents: The attention of seniors is call-
ed to the announcement of the U.S.

Civil Service Commission regarding
an examination for Junior Engineers.
Full details are posted on the Aero-
nautical Engineering Bulletin Board,
and a limited number of application
blanks are available in Room B-47
East Engineering Building.
Foyer Francais: Places are still
available at the French table. Prices
for single meals are as follows: Din-
ner, 55c; lunch, 35c. Lunch and din-
ner by the week, $5.60. Arrange-
ments may be made by calling Miss
McMullan, Telephone 2-2547.
Public Health Nursing Certificate
candidates for August 1940 should
make application at the office of the
School of Education, 1437 U.E.S.
Re-enrollment: Everyone who has
previously been registered with the
Bureau of Appointments and who
wishes to be considered for a position
should come in immediately to leave
his present address and summer
elections.
Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information

The, Straight Dope-
By Himself

(The author of this column is resting for to-
day. He has what the medical fraternity would
call, "columnosis" and J.P. Andriola is pinch-
hitting for him. He and he alone (J.P.) is re-
sponsiblbe for what appears below. All com-
plaints, bric-a-brac, and ripe tomatoes should
be tossed into his lap - or at his head, as the
case may be.)
We see by the papers (Mich. Daily, June 28)
that Ed Dalton has been elected president of
the American Association of Social Work Stu-
dent. Last semester, Dalton was overwhelming-
ly elected first vice-president of the U. of M.
Student Social Work Club by a large number
of the 138 students attending the University's
Institute of Public and Social Administration
(Curriculum in Social Work). Shortly after
elections, the president of the Club became ill
and Ed became acting president. Besides doing
a splendid job in this capacity, he received the
admiration and respect of his fellow students.
Also, information about him filtered to other
schools of social work throughout the country
so that when the AASWS met at the National
Conference of Social Work in Grand Rapids
recently, some of the delegates elready knew
about Dalton's work. Not only was he nominat-
ed for the national presidency but he was unan-
imously voted in as the best man for the job.
His election as president of the AASWS was
no idle or benevolent gesture on the part of the
other delegates to Dalton who was the only
Negro delegate present. These students were
a mature group of men and women, many of
whom had sacrificed time and money and
travelled thousands of miles to attend the Con-
ference, They are not the kind who are given
over to sentimental gestures or to superficial acts
of riendliness toward Negros or any other min-
ority group. As a matter of fact they were a
pretty hard-headed bunch who recognized a
good man when they saw him and elected him
as president regardless ofw hether his skin was
black or white o yellow.
It is interesting to note that this is the first
time in the history of the Univesity that a Negro
has been acting president of a predominately
white student organization. But that this same
Negro received the presidency of a national
organization composed almost entirely of white

mocracy we want so much to prevail and about
which we are so belligerent bec ause it does
not exsist in Italy, Germany, and elsewhere, is
to become a true American Democracy-THEN
THE THINKING AND BEHAVIOR THAT PRO-
VIDES EQUAL OPPORTUNITY FOR ALL
OUR PEOPLE MUST ALSO PREVAIL.
And speaking of prevailing, reminds us that
sidelife-thank goodness-also has its less serious
side. How many of you, for example, haven't
heard the one about a cat having nine lives,
raise your right hands! Fine, we're glad to see
all hands down. And how many of you believe
that the nine lives business is a lot of hokum.
elevate right upper limbs. Ha! once more hands
are down 100%. Well, if anyone had asked
us the same question a week ago our responses-
would have been the same, but now we aren't
so sure re: question 2 and here's why:
An occupational therapist at Eloise Hospital
(that immense institution fo the mentally ill,
midway between Ann Arbor and Detroit on
Route 112) who is a close friend of the family,
reports that one of the women's wards has the
cutest kitten for a mascot. The other day, said
kitten dissappeared and both patients and ward
perrsonnel searched high and low for the pussey
but no soap.
The next day, over in the laundry department,
our missing pussey, very limp and apparently
very dead, dropped out of a huge laundry bag.
One of the men put it on the window sill and
planned to dispose of it when he went off duty.
It so happened that it wasn't raining just at
that moment and the sun shone on kitty. Pres-
ently, kitty got up and began wandering a-
round on wobbly legs, much like a landlubber
who, after drinking ten too many, tries to walk
the deck of a fishing boat in a hurricane. (I
made up the simile all by myself). A half
hour later and kitty was back in the ward as
spry as ever, much to the joy of the patients
and the perrsonnel.
And now the denouement: Why we're not too
sure the story about cats having nine lives is
all hokum, scientific eveidence to the contrary
notwithstanding. The laundry bags at Eloise
are huge blobs that weigh a ton apiece-well, al-
most a ton. They are dropped down a chute and
strike the basement with a terrific force. Then
they are heaved into trucks by burly truckmen

Grin And Bear It .. .

By Lichty

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