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August 16, 1940 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1940-08-16

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We sather
Flood Of Finals Receding

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Editorial
Hitler's Weapon-
Not So Secret!:.

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. L. No. 46 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY,/ AUGUST 16, 1940

PRICE FIVE CEIqTS

Winners of Annual
Summer Hopwood
Prizes Announced

GuardMobilization.Bill
Is Passed by House Vote
Measure to Authorize Mobilization Approved 342-33
Without Restriction to Limit Service to Continent

Greatest Mass Air Attack
Of War Hurled at Britain
In DiveBomberBarrage

* I *

Ten Student Manuscripts
In Fiction, Essay, Poetry
And Drama Fields Cited
Awards Totalling
$500 are Allotted
Ten students won the Hopwood
prizes last night totaling $500 in the
annual summer session contest to
encourage neophyte writers.
Twenty-three contestants had
submitted manuscripts in the four
fields-fiction, essay, poetry and
drama.
John Nerber, of Battle Creek, won
the $75 first prize in the heavily con-
tested fiction class. Ethel Howe
Moorman, of Irvington, Ala., won
the sceond prize of $50 and William
Gram of Ann Arbor won $25 for
third prize.
In the essay division only one
award was made. Helen E. Pfeifer of
Tiffin, O., received $75.
Eileen Wood of Dearborn won the
first prize of $75 for her poetry man-
uscript. Gram, of Jackson, Charles
Miller and Nerber each received $25
in this division.
John Philip Milhous of Fayette-
ville, Tenn., won the -first prize of
$75 in the drama field, and Charles
Leavay of New York City took the
second prize of $50.
The awards were presented by
Dean Krause in the presence of the
Hopwood Committee.
Judges for the contest were:
FICTION:' Professor Carlton F.
Wells, Dr. Baxter L. Hathaway and
Miss Vivian C. Hopkins.
ESSAY: Professor Mentor L. Wil-
liams, Dorothy Richardson and Wil-
fred B. Shaw.
POETRY: Professors R. C. Hussey,
N. E. Nelson, and C. D. Thorpe.
DRAMA: Prof. W. R. Humphreys,
Prof. H. T. Price and John Weimer
The Hopwood Contest was created
by the late Avery Hopwood, noted
playwright, who established a fund
to encourage young writers, especial-
ly "the new, the different, and the
radical."
The annual winter contest awards
$10,000 in prizes and has produced
many noted authors, among them
Mildred Walker, who has just pub-
lished her fourth novel, "The Brew-
er's Big Horses" after producing the
best-seller "Dr. Norton's Wife" last
year.
World Events
At a Glance
Summaries of Domestic
And ForeignBulletins
(By The Associated Press)
Battle For Britain Broadens:
Thousands of planes fight as Ger-
man bombers roar over London, ham-
mer Cryodon airport, Thames docks,
Vickers Armstrong armament plant,
and concentrate on airdromes from
northeast Scotland to southwest
Wales with exposed Dover and Folk-
stone as particular targets.
British put plane losses at 144
German and 27 Britons; Germans
say 98 British planes destroyed to
29 Nazis; contend British anti-air-
craft faltering.
Germans deny parachute landings
but imminence of invasion swells
by the minute; British say parachutes
found yesterday in Midlands and
Scotland were dropped by Germans
as hoax.
Likelihood that Britain is again
raiding Italy seen in two Swiss air
alarms.
African Sideshow:

British admit Italian capture of
pass guarding Berbera, capital of.
British, Somaliland, after four-day
siege.
Southeasters Storm Clouds:
Greek cruiser Helle torpedoed and
sunk by unidentified submarine in
Aegean sea; Greeks fear rupture with
Italy momentarily; communication
between Greece and Rome cut off.
Greek ships held in port.
Talk:

AVERY HOPWOOD founder

Rehabilitation Is Begun
In Flood-Stricken Areas

ii

ASHEVILLE, N. C., Aug. 15.-(R)
-Swollen mountain streams receded
today, leaving at least 25 dead, mil-
lions of dollars damage to property,
crops and highways in five states,
while the oceanward sweep of the
muddy flood waters menaced vast
areas of flatlands.
While the inhabitants of the{
mountain sections hit by the worst
inundation in years began to strug-
gle back to normal existence, there
was a general evacuation of homes
in low-lying sections along the lower
reaches of the rampaging streams.
Communication was still cut off
or crippled in many of the mountain
communities, but reports indicated
at least 25 persons were drowned or
killed in landslides. There were
reports of other casualties but they
could not be confirmed.
Army Airmen
Die in Crash
Young Fliers In Flaming
Death As Plane Spins
RYE, N. Y., Aug. 15.-)-Two
young Army fliers were burned to
death in the flaming wreckage of
their plane today when it went into
a spin at low altitude and crashed
in swampy Disbrow Park.
The dead were Lieut. Henry Clay-
ton Thompson, 25, of Muskegon
Heights, Mich., and Private E. E.
Spencer, 24, of Wellsboro, Pa., me-
chanic. Thompson was graduated
from Kelly Field, Texas, 16 months
ago and married Betty Mae Crane,
member of a Broadway twin dance
team, only two months ago.
Observers said the plane, a two-
seater single engine training craft,
was flying near another Army plane
when suddenly it went into a spin
at an altitude of about 600 feet.
Nevertheless, they said, he at-
tempted a shallow dive and was try-
ing to come out of it when the un-
dercarriage caught on a tree top
and the plane was flipped over into
a wood and burst into flames.
Swinton to Leave
For Philippines
Prof. Roy S. Swinton of the en-
gineering mechanics department will
leave today to join the faculty of the
University of the Philippines in Ma-
nilla, P.., for a year.
Professor Swinton, who served on
the Far Eastern institution's staff
from 1911 to 1913, is to advise the
University on installation of a new
mechanics and hydraulics laboratory.
He is on sabbatical leave.
Inspection of a number of labora-
tories at far western colleges will
occupy Professor Swinton until Sept.
7, when he will sail from Seattle.
The University of the Philippines
has 8,000 students including 1,100
engineers.
Anti-Aircraft Regiment
Added to National Guard

By RICHARD L. TURNER
WASHINGTON, Aug. 15-(AP)-
The House passed the National
Guard Mobilization Bill by a whop-
ping 342 to 33 vote today, after
crushing an effort to restrict the
service of militiamen and reserve
officers to the Continental United
States and its Possessions ond Ter-
ritories.
The measure went back to the Sen-
ate for action on minor amendments.
It found that chamber busily debat-
ing the peace-time Conscription Law
and discussing a report that Great
Britain had offered to the United
States in return for for much-need-
ed destroyers.
As it stood, appoved by both bran-
ches, the National Guard Bill would
exempt men with dependents, but
other militiamen and reserves would
be subject at the call of the Presi-
dent to a year's compulsory ser-
vice anywhere in the western hem-
isphere, the American Possessions or
the Philippine Islands.
The changes made in the measure
by the House were of such an unim-
portant nature that leaders predic-
ted either ready approval of them
by the Senate, or quick action in con-
ference to bring Senate and House
Bills into agreement. In either case
they expected the Bill to be in the
President's hands in a few days.
With his signature, the Adminis-
Chrysler .Gets
Tank Contract
of U.S. Army
Motors Firm to Construct
$20,000,000 Arsenal
For War Department
WASHINGTON, Aug. 15-')-The
Army took steps today toward grand
scale production of tanks by giving
the Chrysler Corporation a contract
to build a $20,000,000 "tank arsenal"
at Detroit and turn out an initial
$33,000,000 order.
Designed for ready expansion, the
plant is expected to start mass pro-
duction in 13 months. Delivery dates
on the $33,000,000 order were not an-
nounced.
This order, military circles heard,
was for approximately 1,000 "med-
ium" tanks of 25 or more tons, a
weapon which figures prominently
in the War Department's prepara-
tions to arm a force of 2,000,000 men.
British representatives have been
reported negotiating for more than
4,000 tanks of the same genral type,
but there was no word whether Brit-
ish needs figured in the contract.
Announcing completion "in a min-
imum" time of negotiations which
started two months ago, the War De-
partment said the new plant would
have about 800,000 feet of floor space.
It is to be built on a 113-acre site
in the Detroit area which is arleady
under option. Between 4,000 and
5,000 men, it was estimated, will be
employed in filling the army's initial
order.
The contract, a formal announce-
ment said, "is one of the largest or-
ders to date for a critical item of ar-
my equipment in the national de-
fense program."

tration will be in a position to start
the first phase of its general program
for getting an army, eventually to
number 1,200,000, into uniform and
under training. The sceond phase,
as outlined by War Department of-
ficials, is Selective Compulsory Mili-
tary Training, such as is contemplat-
ed in the legislation now before the
Senate.
The day's debate on that measure
produced an appeal from Senator
Downey (D-Calif) that an amend-
ment be added to provide jobs build-
ing a network of super-highways for
the conscripts after the completion
of their year of compulsory train-
ing in the army.
Greek Orders
Forbid Vessels
To Leave Port
Officials Fear Fatal Snap
In Tension with Italy
After Cruiser Sinking
ATHENS, Greece, Aug. 15-(P)-A
mysterious submarine sent the 2,115
ton Greek cruiser Helle to the bottom
of the Aegean Sea today within half
a mile of a Greek Island quay and
tonight the Government, wary of a
fatal snap in the tension with Italy,
forbade all1Greek ships to leave port.
Official sources indicated, without
saying so openly, that they believed
the attack was an effort to force
Greece into some kind of retaliatory
act. The ships-in-port order reflected
the Greek official desire to counter
any repetition of the incident.
An unstated number of civilians
injured on the quay at Tinos Island
when two of the submarine's torped-
oes exploded against it were among
40,000 religius pilgrims who had gone
to pray beside the island's health-
giving waters.
Naval protection was promised for
the return of the pilgrims return to
the mainland, since many were crip-
pled or infirm.
Telephonic communication to It-
aly was cut off after the Helle was
sunk and a strict censorship impos-
ed on all calls abroad.
Premier John Metaxas, already
making preparations regarded by
foreign obserers here as designed to
set up Greek defenses against a pos-
sible Italian attack from Italian Al-
bania, summoned his military and
naval chiefs into urgent conference.
Drunk? O.K., But Stay
Within the Park Ground
LANSING, Aug. 15.-(')-The At-
torney General staff took note today
that a drunken motorist may drive
his car through parks and picnic
grounds to his heart's content, with-
out fear of punishment under the
drunk driving law-although police
still would have the right to arrest
him on simple disorderly charges.
Michael J. Anuta, Menominee
prosecutor, complained that he has
discovered the drunk driving law,
providing severe punishment for of-
fenders, applies only to driving on
a public highway.

Italians Drive
British Force
From Position

DR. HOPKINS . . . lauds series
. *
Session Program
Termed Success
Dr. Louis A.' Hopkins in his final
message to the 5,000 students en-
rolled at the University's Summer
Session described the 1940 program
as the most significant and worth-
while program in -the history of the
University.
Dr. Hopkins reported an increase
of more than 500 Michigan students
in this summer's enrollment over
over that of last year, while the
total mark rose by 100.
He termed the American Culture
and Policy lecture series, which
brought more than 40 noted speakers
to the Michigan campus, as the most
outstanding program ever scheduled
by a university in the United States.
Dr. Hopkins reported as signifi-
cant the five per cent increase of
instate students.

More Than 1,000 Nazi Planes
Strike at Airport and Industries
CROYDON, Aug. 15.-(')-German dive bombers struck tonight in the
populous Croydon District of Southern London, bombing the sprawling air-
drome there and dropping tons of explosives on nearby industrial and resi-
dential areas.
It was the deepest thrust in a mighty aerial offensive of a thousand or
more Nazi raiders which beat at Britain from Scotland to the Southern
English coast in the greatest such attack in history.
And while ambulances still raced to the famous airfield, air raid sirens
screamed all over London. At the time of this warning, however, no plane
was sighted over the central section of the city.
Raids went on tonight over a wide area of the Southeast, where during
$4he day no less than 1,000 German

English Defending
In Somaliland
From Mountain

Troops
Retreat
Pass

Swiss

Report

Raid Alarms
Unidentified Planes Seen
Over AlpineTerritory
BERN, Switzerland, Aug. 16. (Fri-
day) -(M-Unidentified foreign air-
planes were heard late last night and
early today over Bern and Basel and
siren alarms sent residents running
to shelter for the second time in
three nights.
In the earlier passage of foreign
planes last Tuesday night and Wed-
nesday morning about 30 aircraft
sped over the Jura mountains and
into Italy.
(That was the night British planes
rained bombs on industrial cities of
Northeastern Italy and brought de-
mands from Germany that Switzer-
land fire on such planes to safeguard
her neutrality. The Swiss High Com-
mand yesterday ordered anti-air-
craft batteries to fire on foreign aerial
trespassers.)

CAIRO, Egypt, Aug. 15-()-Brit-
ish defenders of torrid Somaliland
have been driven by the Italiansc
from their positions in a mountain
pass defending Berbera, the capitalt
and chief port, the British acknow-
ledged tonight.
Official reports said two Italian
divisions (perhaps 25,000 men) bul-
warked by planes, artillery and
mechanized units, had wrenched Ju-
gargan Pass from "a small British
holding force."
The pass is about 35 miles suoth ofx
Berbera ,and the Italians advanced
from Hargeisa.
Berbera and the British SomaliC
coast constitute the southern flank
of the Gulf of Aden, an integral link
in Britain's Empire lifeline. The It-
alians are trying to snap that life-
line throughout East Africa, from
Suez South.
Italian losses in the Jugargan;
fighting were severe, the British de-
clared, and the battle is continuing
at the new British positions.;
British warships yesterday turnedj
their guns on the coast of Somali-
land to hold Italians advancing there1
against the key port of Berbera. Ar-
mored columns and troop concen-
trations were scattered by salvos
from light naval units, but the Ital-
ians returned to drive back the de-1
fending British land forces.
British ground forces also report-
ed other successes yesterday, declar-
ing that Italian forces had been
thrown back from Jurgurgan Pass,
but here again the Italians returned
with reinforcements to push back
the British defenders.
Camp Custer
Gets WPA Aid
Improvement Program
Scheduled for Sept. 15
LANSING, Aug. 15.-(1P)-An $801,-
478 improvement program at Camp
Custer today received state approval
which Abner E. Lamed, State WPA
Administrator, said cleared the way
for federal action to permit work to
start by Sept. 15 at the latest.
The administrator said the project,
which will cost the federal WPA
$385,286 and the War Department
$416,211, is to "facilitate making
Camp Custer a regular army post
for a mechanized division."
Lamed said that he expected the
Federal WPA office to give the go-
ahead in approximately two weeks.
. The project plans call for improve-
ments to present facilities at Camp
Custer, the construction of kitch-
ens, mess halls, latrines and bath
facilities, ammuntion storage, ware-
house and service units, 380 tent
floors, the installation of sewers,
water mains, telephone and under-
ground electric lines, the construc-
tion of rifle ranges, and target pits,
a 2,800-foot railroad siding, a gaso-

planes had crossed the coast in one
narrow section.
At least three of the 20. to 30
Stukas which attacked Croydon were
reported shot down and the remain-
der were driven off by howling Brit-
ish fighter planes.
Debris was scattered over the air-
port for hundreds of yards and in-
cendiary bombs started a series of
fires.
A perfume factory was smashed.
A row of houses was hit by a bomb
that just missed a gas works.
One witness said at least ten bombs
were aimed at the airdrome! one
apparently hit a hangar on the out-
skirts of the field.
A high explosive bomb fell near
the wall of a public shelter in which
four small boys had been 'playing
hide and seek. They were not seri-
ously hurt.
Hours after the raid, men still dug
in the factory debris for the bodies
of laborers. And ambulances still
sped to the area.
The Stukas struck after a three-'
mile glide downward and, said a
witness, were over the airdrome it-
self "only a minute or two" before
"they went off like hell" with British
ships in pursuit.
In air fighting over England, ex-
clusive of Croydon, the British
claimed to have shot down at least
91 of the raiders.
There were casualties in Croydon
streets; none knew just how many;
the airport is situated in a comfort-
able residential suburb of normally
200,000 people just about eight miles
from Charing Cross.
It was the most spectacular in all
the numberless great engagements
over these islands. But from the
Associated Press Building, which is
near the Thames about a mile east
of Charing Cross, no raiders could
be seen over the center of London.
The young British pilots were
(See BOMBARDMENT, Page 3)
Germans Report Result
Of Raids over England
BERLIN, Aug. 15.-(P)-In the
German version of the great aerial
bombardment of Croyden airport.
and industrial districts, 36 British
planes were first listed destroyed as
aginst four Nazi raiders, but later
revisions listed 98 and 29 respective-
ly.
German fliers reported that they
had shot down five barrage bal-
loons and put out of commission
eight planes on the ground.
The raiders scattered their bombs
amid the sprawling buildings of the
Vickers Armstrong Amament Works
at Hepburn Wells; at Sheerness,
Chathan and Rochester, locations of
navy yards and arsenals; at the big
eastern port of Newcastle-on-Tyne;
and at the southeast "Bridgeheads"
of Dover and Folkestone, the Agen-
cy said.
The airplane plants of Bristol were
threatened, and Wales, to the south-
west, got its share said D N B.
Airports were a particular object
of attack, those at Hawkings and at
Lympne in the southeast shore area
were scenes of a particularly bitter
battle with the British defenders.
Twenty German Planes
Bomb English Town
A SOUTHWEST TOWN IN ENG-
LAND, Aug. 15.-WP)--Twenty Ger-
man planes were shot down in one
fight over this city tonight when

Uprising Stirs House of Commons;
Revolt Against Churchill Is Quelled

(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, Aug. 15.-For the first
time in Winston Churchill's authori-
tarian war-time regime, angry name-
calling swept Commons today, with
the Prime Minister trading oral
punches with short-tempered mem-
bers.
Despite its bitter tenor, informed
politicians said the quarrel had not
dimmed Churchill's popular luster
appreciably.: It was cut short by a
speaker's ruling after one member,
the independent Austin Hopkinson,
had called the Prime Minister, by
indirection, a "liar."
In his brief statement Churchill
asserted the danger of invasion had

wide apprehension because Lord
Swinton was selected chairman of
the committee to *cope with fifth
columnists.
(Lord Swinton was air secretary
from 1935 to early 1938, when he was
ousted amidst bitter criticism of
his failure to rearm the nation ade-
quately.)
Said Hopkinson: "We cannot un-
derstand why there is so much mys-
tery about this . . ."
Angrily, the Prime Minister re-
plied: "If Hopkinson had paid half
the attention to the full and very
respectable statement I just have
made as he did when he was accus-
tomed to obstruct my efforts to get

'I'

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