'I CI MICHIGAN DAILY
'SATURDAY, AUGUST 10, 1940
THEi ®+IMTC R ..T i V11.LlN DA'L- 1LY .
SAURDAY, AUGUST 10. 1940
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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NIGHT EDITORS: KELSEY-KESSLER
Of War Materials?
ACTION OF President Roosevelt in li-
censing or banning the export of
certain essential war materials, such as scrap
metals and aviation gasoline, needs to be studied
in the light of the Congressional Act under
which the President has moved.
The May Act, which authorizes such restric-
tions on the export, was aimed solely at the con-
servation of reserves required for the operation
of American military and naval forces. It was
not intended as a means of curbing or punishing
aggressor nations on other continents by with-
holding materials which they require for war
purposes, although such an effect might result
if the Act were administered- with this as a sec-
ondary object. The recent moves of Mr. Roose-
velt then become understandable as their pri-
mary object is seen to be conservation of national
resources, rather than belated sanctions against
'ANALYSIS of rulings issued thus far under the
May Act shows this to be so. While it was an-
nounced that scrap iron hereafter can be export-
ed only by' permission of the Government, cus-
toms regulations issued under the President's
proclamation indicate that only "Number One
heavy melting scrap"-is thus restricted. This is
the choicest grade of scrap metal, consisting of
small but heavy pieces free from attachments
and ready for the blast furnace. It constitutes
but 20 per cent of American scrap iron exports.
Other grades, therefore, may be exported as us-
ual, either to aggressor or other nations. Among
large importers of other grades are Italy, Spain,
THE ACT also has been applied to petroleum
products, in such a way as tp conserve in
this hemisphere all American-made aviation gas-
oline. While seemingly drastic, this step actually
is but an extension of the moral embargo already
in force on certain warring nations. Germany,
Italy, Russia, and Japan have not been able to
import any aviation gasoline from the United
States since last year, owing to the moral block-
ade. Now, the President's refusal to license any
exports of hightest gasoline outside this hemis-
phere chiefly affects Great Britain, which with
the help of France, constituted the principal im-
porters of aviation fuel from the United States in
the first half of 1940.
When viewed then as conservation of materials
vital to the national defense, the President's ini-
tial rulings on control appear to be steps in the
right direction. As efforts to curb military ag-
gressors, however, they stop :-lr short of meas-
ures which some believe Congress should author-
-Christian Science Monitor
Fils From Grace e. .
HERE ARE all kinds of Nazis, just as
there are all kinds of Republicans
and all kinds of Democrats. Some Germans
joined the party in protest of Versailles; some
because of their belief in Geopolitik and Ireben-
sraum; other for economic advantage, still others
because life was safer that way.
Many of these, even if they have set a discreet
guard over their tongues, believe that racism is
a transparent rationalization for sheer sadism.
The conduct of the swastika-wearing bully boys
toward the Jews has made them shudder and
cringe. At great hazard, many have extended
surreptitious aid to their ostracized neighbors.
But not the least suspicion of this kind of
treason ever attached itself to the name of Julius
Streicher. Racketeer and grafter that he was,
the one thing that dominated his black and
crooked mind was an immeasurable hate for
t'he .TxTs-ohafo materhod jn,1uy hbhoc, rPl
The Straight Dope
T O CONTINUE our optimism of yesterday' we government assuming, directly or indirectly, a
want to go into a few more general reasons large number of private debts. The debts that
for this hope in the midst of a world which has industry owes its workers in pensions, that
returned to medievalism in its belief that only in society owes farmers in benefits and many an-
heaven can help be seen. The only real differ- other angle could be cited. This is a shifting
ence between this century and the twelfth century of private debt into the open and is beneficial
in their mental outlook is that the twelfth century rather than otherwise. The debt, in toto, has
really believed in the hope to be found in heaven not materially increased.
whereas our less vigorous day has little sincerity Secondly, any source of atomic energy, like
in even that remote hope. This attitude, as we the now practical U-235 is going to throw our
pointed out before, is unfounded.w
Not only will science revolutionize the planet whole theory of values into a cocked hat any-
with its new energy sources within a few years in way. It is going to create so much wealth that
such a manner that a combination of Hitler, Huey wealth itself is going to be useless.
Long and Andrew Mellon would be unavailing to Besides the whole theory of money and
destroy human happiness, not only will the pres- debt is going into radical change. We have
ent war (for the reasons exposited yesterday) all ven a default of debt to our govern-
ruin Hitler and the venal English ruling class ment unthinkable in the nineteenth century
alike, not only will conscription in this country and most of us have already forgotten it.
be defeated, but it will all be done decisively We have all seen Germany and Italy con-
within the next twenty years. Time enough ducting modern warfare without enough
fol all of us to see it. Time enough to enjoy actual money to buy Ann Arbor. The sys-
it. Reason enough to combat those among ten is due for an overhauling and it is not
us who refuse to live for the morrow, who re- going to be the old inflation either. We are
fuse to bring children into an unfriendly world, no monetary expert but the handwriting
who will not undertake their due responsibili- is on the wall. You can read it yourself.
ties. Neither our children nor ourselves are go-
Since we have stated our reasons for this ing to be greatly bothered by a national debt.
faith of ours (and it is a faith held as sincere-
ly as the .communists or the - Catholics hold FINALLY, when people blame the Roosevelt
theirs) we will go on to a consideration of other administration for its load of debt the apt
facts and . forces which make men pessimistic answer is close. At least we get something for
and we will try to show again how mistaken they what we give the federal government. The best
are in holding such an attitude. navy in the world, pensions, farm aid, an army,,
and numerous other things are all paid for out
First on the list for pessimists in this of our national taxes. But even now fifty per-
country is the always urgent matter of fi- cent of our taxes go to local governments for
nances. The public and private debt is-con- which we get less than nothing Not only do
sidered to have a chance of ever paying off whichdweigetestnonothi. otynlytd
those debts and taxation is supposedly due wadiupliatsssets twnshiptcountyciy
to become an intolerable burden for alldof d var sessments aswell bu , tis
us. These facts simply do not hold water. we get such situations as Detroit has recently
us. The ste a siplydo notmold water. revealed where the officials paid from* city
They constitute a political argument which taxes are now under indictment for protecting
has been taken seriously. It does not de- the rackets they were sworn to destroy.
serve such consideration.
If the professional reformers would start at
TO BEGIN WITH it is doubtful if our total home on their debt outcries the country might
of public and private debt is any greater really save a little money and untold human
than it was some twenty years ago. Public values as well. But they won't. It's too easy
debt has increased by'the simple method of the to slam Roosevelt instead.
Washington-Inside details gradually leaking
out regarding the Havana Conference show that
even more credit is due Cordell Hull. Unquestion-
ably, "The Old Man", as he is called by the
younger men of the State Department, did a
His patience, tolerance and tact won out over
many difficult problems, one of them being a last
minute proposal by the Colombian delegate, Luis
Lopez de Mess, regarding Western Hemisphere
"mandates" over British, French and Dutch pos-
sessions in the Americas.
Just as it looked as if the sub-committee had
about agreed on the administration of these poli-
cies, Senor Lopez, who once studied at the Uni-
versity of Paris, delivered a long speech, quoting
liberally from his Paris professors and proposing
a new means of dealing with Allied possessions
in the Anericas.
Other delegates objected to his plan, but he re-
mained obdurate. Time passed, no progress was
possible, and finally Secretary Hull adjourned
the meeting until 10 p. m.
That night the delegates were guests of the
Foreign Minister of Cuba. Secretary Hull wore
white tie and tails. But he left the dinner early
after doffing his evening dress, and turned up
promptly at 10. P. M. for the subcommittee meet-
But aside from the interpretor, he was the only
delegate there. So he sat down to wait. About
10:20 P. M. the Ecuadorean delegate arrived, ob-
viously in high spirits after the dinner. He join-
ed Mr. Hull who still solemnly waited. Then at
10:30 came the Argentine and Brazilian dele-
gates; then the Dominican and the Panaman.
Still the Colombian delegate, for whom the meet-
ing was called, did not appear.
Finally, just before 11 P. M. he arrived. Secre-
tary Hull still waited patiently. No sooner did
Senor Lopez put his head in the door than he
"On behalf of my government I withdraw the
proposal which I made today."
Cordell Hull had won out - just by waiting.
South American Poland
Biggest undercover crisis in the conference
took place at a private session of the subcommit-
tee on Western Hemisphere possessions. Argen-
tina was opposing the U. S. plan to take over the
British and French Islands, if it looked as if they
might fall into Nazi hands.
This brought forth a long and impassioned
plea from Mr. Hull for American unity. He point-
ed out that a new system of pillage and murder
effective tools in the campaign of terror against
Now comes word from Berlin, in denial of a
rumor of Streicher's death, that he has been de-
prived of his post as Gauleiter, or super-governor,
of Franconia, scene of the great Nuremberg party
Ever since that night in June, 1934, the Night
of the Long Knives, the world has known that
Hitler was ready to strike down without com-
punction even his oldest associates. Streicher
enjoyed six years of grace, perhaps because the
PlihiIrar c.+l hna i n fnr himrn n-.hnnc hPPhnaryCP
had arisen in Europe, setting the world back
800 years. Whether the Americans liked it or not
he said, they had to cope with it. They could not
merely say they expected to remnain nuetral.
Poland and Norway, Mr. Hull continued, had
said they wanted to remain neutral. So also had
Holland and Belgium. And because they had
tried to be neutral, they were dragged down one
by one. If they had stuck together, he said, these
countries would have been in a far different posi-
So, he concluded, this is what the Western
Hemisphere faces, and the countries of the
Americas can either stand together and survive,
or stand separately and fall.
It was a most eloquent plea, and made a pro-
found impression. But immediately after he had
finished, the Argentine delegate arose and said:
"But my country does not want to be the Po-
land of South America."
Note - Most important victory for Mr. Hull
was the flat permission of the United States to
intervene to take over French and British is-
lands, if necessary. This does not require coI-
sultation with other countries, nor does the Act
,of Havana require ratification by different Con-
gresses. The most vital part reads: "Should the
need for emergency action be so urgent that ac-
tion by the Committee cannot be awaited, any of
the American Republics, shall have the right to
act in the manner which its own defense or that
of the continent requires."
Who Is The Man?
Curiosity continues regarding whom the Presi-
dent was talking about in his Chicago speech
when he said everyone had been cooperating in
the National Defense Program except one man.
'The White House has now let it be known that
this was not meant to be Henry Ford, who had
just turned down a big order for British motors.
However, no other word has leaked out as to
whom the President was referring.
So newsmen expect to ask him when he returns
from Hyde Park.
Roosevelt's Jap Beetles
Japanese beetles have invaded the White
House gardens this year in greater numbers than
ever before. This is in spite of the vigilant efforts
of gardener William Reeves, who has done every-
thing to get rid of them except put salt on their
The invasion is now over, and he has a chance
to appraise the results. Ten days ago, he found
as many as 25 or 30 beetles on a single rose. Now
they have disappeared, to wait for another sea-
The best repellent, Reeves finds, is arsenic of
lead. "Mix it pretty strong," he says, " with a
good white color. There's no danger of burning,
and the whiteness helps keep the beetles away.
They don't like white objects. You can even take
flour and spread it on a plant and the beetles will
The arsenic of lead, and also a commercial
preparation called "Papellent" have been spray-
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
(Associated Press Staff Writer)
Britain has met and endured the
shock of the greatest massed air at-
tack in history-an attack directed
against her exposed sea lifelines.
Moreover, she had promptly hit back
at her Nazi foe.
Claims of victory from both sides
make it difficult to gauge the mili-
tary significance of the furious air
fighting over the English Channel,
but there are several factors about
the fight worthy of note. Its locale
in the Channel, and presumably in
the narrower waters of that Channel
that offer Germany the best bridge-
head for an invasion, refutes one
recent and repeated German boast.
The British are still using those
waters for sea-supply purposes. It
was a Channel convoy of cargo ships
at which the Nazi attack was aimed.
Only a few days before the fight
took place Berlin had contended the
British virtually had abandoned the
Channel, due to Nazi raids on con-
voyed shipping there. German prop-
agandists devised a flight of neutral
pressmen along the continental
shores of the Channel in German
warplanes to back up that statement.
They challenged their guests to de-
tect any British shipping activities,
merchant or naval.
The important fact for Britain is
that she still is using the Channel
for her own supply and distributing
purposes, however gravely her sea
mastery may be challenged there.
The way for Nazi invasion of England
by Channel bridge-heads is far from
cleared, and a favorable high tide'
period for such an invasion is pass-
Judged by all such considerations,1
the German air assault would seemj
to be an acceleration of siege war-
fare rather than a forerunner of im-
mediate invasion. It was not so;
construed by British authorities,
perhaps; but they have other rea-
sons for broadcasting warnings to1
Britons to stay where they are under
increasing air attack, or even inva-
sion, and not attempt to fled.
Terrible lessons were learned by
the British in Holland, Belgium and
France as to what happens when a
mass flight of refugees takes place.
The grim warning in handbills cir-
culated to millions of British homes
that refugees would not only expose
themselves to enemy machine gun-
ning, but compel British soldiery to
clear them off the roads, was born
of experience in the battles of Flan-
ders and France.
Sitting still under bombing attack,
huddled in air raid shelters which
often are of dubious value - against
direct hits, is a more terrible strain
on human courage than meeting the
threat in the open, weaponsein hand.
No finer exhibition of the dogged
courage for which Britons have been
noted through all their history could
be asked than that non-combatants
now obey that sit-it-out command.
Of A Song . .
UNTIL RECENTLY,, most if not all
London theatres played the "Mar-
seillaise" at every performance, and
the B.B.C. used the same stirring
song to introduce its Sunday eve-
ning news bulletin. The British peo-
ple began to ask questions about the
French national anthem and learned
without surprise (does not most of
their China come from Stafford-
shire?) that Rouget de Lisle's cele-
brated composition derives, not from
the south of France, but frop1 Stras-
It was while the French armies
were assembling on the Rhine in
April, 1792, to meet the forces of
Austria, says a letter to The Times,
of London, that de Lisle wrote his
song, which was first printed under
the title of "Chant de Guerre de
I'Armee du Rhin." Not until a few
weeks later did a party of volunteers
from Marseilles marching on their
way to Paris sing the song, and give
to it name and fame.
As Gulliver's Travels began as a
political satire, and became an en-
tertainment for children, the "Mar-
seillaise" started as a Royalist hymn,
and developed into the battle-song
of the Republic. Today the Republic
itself is undergoing strange and sad
vicissitudes, from which it is the con-
fident hope of all democrats that
it will emerge as triumphantly as
- Christian Science Monitor
One Step Too Far
Over-stepping the bounds of demo-
cratic freedom of action was Camil-
lien Houde, mayor of Montreal, who
was recently taken into custody and
placed in an internment camp under
the Canadian war measures act.
Houde had urged the public to dis-
regard compulsory national registra-
tion Aug. 19-21.
Grin And Bear It
DA LY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session before 3:30
P. M. of the day preceding its pub-
lication except on Saturday, when
the notices should be submitted be-
fore 11:30 A. M.
To the members of the Faculty: If
you wish to attend the breakfast next
Sunday morning, August 11, at 9 a.m.,
given for those students who expect
to take master's degrees this summer,
you may secure tickets at the office
of the Summer Session at fifty-five
Louis A. Hopkins
Director of the Summer Session
Internal Combustion Engine Insti-
tute Lectures: "Engine Heat Trans-
fer" by Mr. R. N. Janway, Chrysler
Corporation and "Valve Gears" by
Mr. V. M. Young, Wilcox-Rich Cor-
poration, to be given at 9 a.m. in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing, today, August 10.
Graduate Record Program will be
held today, August 10, from 3
to 5 p.m. in the Men's Lounge of the
Rackham Building. The program will
consist of the Academic Festival Ov-
erture by Brahms; Moussorgskyarr.
Slokowski-Boris Gudounow, Sym-
phonic Synthesis; and Piano Con-
certo No. 1 in B Flat Minor by Tsch-
aikowsky. Mr. J. W. Peters will be in
charge. All are invited to attend.
"Patience," by Gilbert and Sulli-
van is being presented as the Grand
Finale of the Twelfth Summer Ses-
sion in conjunction with the School
of Music and the University Sym-
phony Orchestra. Performances will
be given at 8:30 p.m. today,
Monday and Tuesday, in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. Single
admissions are $1.00, $.75, $.50.
Shakespeare Recordings, chiefly by
Evans and Gielgud, will be played
at the Michigan Wolverine, 209 S.
State Street, Sunday morning, Au-
gust 11, from 10 to 12. All interested
are cordially invited.
Graduate Outing Club will not
meet again during the summer ses-
sion. Regular Sunday meetings will
resume on the first Sunday of the
fall semester, Oct. 6, 1940. 0
Aug. 11. Discussion of Friends'
work with Consientious Objectors.
Meetings for worship at 5, discus-
sions at 6, suppers at 7. In the Upper
Room, Lane Hall. There will also
be meetings at five on the remaining
Sundays of the summer.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
(Continued on Page 5)
-=c=--n-d-- - --~)-
* THE SUBWAY has proven to be one of the most
popular restaurants on the campus. Here in a cool,
refreshing atmosphere you may dine and dance to your
heart's desire. We invite you to join the crowd of wise
collegians who daily visit The Subway.
DANCING 2-5 - 8-11 P.M.
JOHN ABRAHAM, Mgr.
North University, Opposite Hill Auditoritm
TO ANN ARBOR
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EXPERT REPAIR SERVICE on all makes of machines.
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