Fair And Warmer
In Dark Times...
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. L. No. 40 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICMGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1940
PRICE FIVE CENTS
For Draft Row
Amendment Permits Men
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.-(I)-By
the overwhelming vote of 71 to 7, the
Senate today passed and sent to the
House the Administration Bill em-
powering the President to call out
the National Guard and Army re-
serves for a 12 month period of duty
anywhere in the Western Hemisphere,
American possessions or the Philip-
First, however, the Chamber adopt-
ed an amendment permitting any
Guardsmen With wives or children
dependent on their salaries or wages
After passage of the Bill, the Sen-
ate, still smarting under a week of
turbulent and caustic debate, squared
away for a possibly historic battle
over the issue of civilian conscrip-
tion, presented in a bill calling upon
all men between 21 and 30, inclusive,
to register for the nation's first
peace-time military draft.
Just before the Bill passed, it es-
caped being drastically altered by the
narrowest of margins. On a vote of
39 to 38, the Chamber rejected an
amendment by Senator Adams (D-
Colo.) limiting the service of the
guard to continental United States,
American possessions and the Philip-
This would mean that the Presi-
dent could not send Guardsmen to
Latin America. The administration
leaders, who have made no secret
of their fear of German penetration
in that area, were quick to fight the
amendment. Senator Barkley (Dem-
Ky) said it would be "folly" to serve
notice on the world that all "ur
pious resolutions" on "democracy
and solidarity in the Western Hem-
isphere are of no -more effect than
if adopted by a quilting bee."
Reservists On Tap
Adams told the Senate that he 1
would be willing to give the Presi-
dent complete freedom in time of
war, but in peace-time he wanted
Congress to retain power to. say
whether troops should be dispatched
to foreign lands.
Besides authorizing mobilization of
227,000 National Guardsmen, the
measure empowers the chief execu-
tive to call out 116,000 reserve offi-
cers, about 38,000 reserve enlisted
men, 3,700 retired officers and 12,000
retired enlisted men. Army officials
have said, however, that immediate
plans call for mustering only a
portion of these forces.
Dispute Over Wording
During the debate on the National
Guard Bill, critics made much of
certain words in it. They asserted Mr.
Roosevelt and the War Department
had said the Guard should be mobil-
ized for,"training" but that the bill
which the President sent to the Cap-
itol called for "active military ser-
But Administration leaders were
in command of the situation at all
times, and beat back the Opposition's
two principal attempts to modify
the measure. One was the amend-
ment by Senator Adams (D-Colo)
limiting the Guardsmen's area of
To Yield Land
Premier To Deny Magyar
BUCHAREST, Rumania, Aug. 8.-
(A)--Premier Ian Gigurtu told his
countrymen tonight that Rumania
must give up some territory to Bul-
garia and Hungary on Adolf Hiter's
orders, but warned that his govern-
ment would refuse Hungary's full de-
mand for most of Transylvania.
Breaking the news to the Rumani-
ans that their kingdom, already
stripped of Bessarabia and Northern
To Head N.Y. Yankees
President Expresses 'Real
Regret' At Resignation
Of Retiring Lieutenant
(By The Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.--(P)-
President Roosevelt announced today
that James A. Farley has submitted
his resignation as postmaster gen-
eral and expressed "real regret" at
his retirement from the Cabinet.
Farley's resignation, it was dis-
closed, will be effective Aug. 31, about
two weeks after he relinguishes his
job as Democratic national chairman.
Mr. Roosevelt dictated a letter to
Farley in which he wished the Post-
master General success in private
business and praised his administra-
tion of the Post Office Department.
'All of us in the Administration,"
the President wrote, "will miss you
deeply; we count on seeing you often.
I especially count on this after all
of our years of close personal as-
sociation. Our friendship will always
Among reports of Farley's future
activities is one that he would head
a syndicate in purchasing the New
York Yankee baseball property.
Duchess Wally Slighted;
Gets Only 'Friendly Bow'
HAMILTON, Bermuda, Aug. 8.-
()-Two of the highest placed ma-
trons of official Bermuda society, in
welcoming the Windsors to Britain-'
in-the-Western Hemisphere today,
curtsied to the Duke but not to his
American-born twice-divorced Duch-
As pace-setters of the colonial so-
cial set, they apparently established
the punctilio that will preva: the
bended knee for his Royal Highness,
a friendly bow to the Commoner
To Give Talk
Michigan's fourth annual Summer
Session breakfast honoring ad-
vanced-degree winners will be held
at 9 a.m. Sunday in the Union Ball-
room with President Alexander G.
Ruthven as principal speaker.
The breakfast, which is open to all
graduates, their families and mem-
bers of the faculty, is given in order
to enable students to meet President
Ruthven. Tickets may be purchased
at the Summer Session office.
Dr. Louis A. Hopkins, director of
the Summer Session, will preside
over the Breakfast at which talks
will be presented by Dr. William P.
Lemon, of the First Presbyterian
Church, Dean Clarence S. Yoakum of
the Graduate School, and President
The affair is directed by Ethel
VL McCormick, social director of the
League, while members of the Grad-
uate Board and their wives and the
members of the Dean's Conference
and their wives will serve as guests
A number of students receiving
advanced degrees will not be present
as they are taking work at various
University camps or are writing their
theses at home, Dr. Hopkins ex-
At Her Home
Governor's Wife, 75, Dies
With Husband Nearby;
Funeral To Be Saturday
CHARLOTTE, Mich., Aug. 8.-UP)
-Governor Luren D. Dickinson, 81,
met with fortitude today the death
of his wife, Zora Della Dickinson.
Mrs. Dickinson, 75 years old, died
at their modest farm home a few
miles outside the city at 5:10 a.m.
without regaining consciousness. She
had been in a coma since Monday,
suffering from high blood pressure
and a heart ailment.
The Governor and Mrs. Dickin-
son's nurse were at the bedside when
the end came.
Dickinson, who had said earlier
he believed he had reconciled him-
self that "my wife is slowly slipping
away from me," appeared stunned,
at first, when death actually came
after his night-long vigil at her side.
"This is a shock, a great shock,
although had expected it," he de-
His face was drawn and his eyes
bright with weariness, but he main-
tained stern self control.
The body was placed in their little
frame farm house tonight, to remain
at home until 1 p.m. Saturday.
British Repulse Mighty
Invasion In Day-Long Combat;
London Asks India For War Aid
Amery Gives Colony
Chance For Liberty
At Close Of Conflict
LONDON,. Aug. 8. -(p)- Britain
appealed to India today to give her
vast latent strength in the Empire's
fight for life against Axis forces
striking both in West and East, and
held out to the 350,000000 subject
peoples of that fabulously wealthy
possession the prospect of indepen-
dence after the war.
In a statement announced simul-
taneously in the House of Commons
by L. S. Amery, the British Secretary
of State for India, and in that far-
off land by the Indian viceroy, the
Marquess of Linlithgow, the Govern-
ment proposed a "free and eqdal
partnership" for India in the British
Commonwealth of Nations for the
But in the meantime, it was said,
the Government trusts "that for the
period of the war . . . all parties,
communities and interests (in India)
will combine and cooperate in mak-
ing a notable Indian contribution to
the world cause which is at stake."
All this came while the British
Isles were awaiting the long-threat-
ened German invasion from across
the English Channel and while the
African troops of Italy ~were march-
ing in British Somaliland, threaten-
ing Egypt and driving for the Indian
Ocean along Britain's lifeline of Em-
This new gesture for Indian solid-
arity in behalf of the Empire was
heard with cautiontand reserve by
Nationalist leaders in India, but drew
favorable comment from the Inde-
pendent and Liberal party heads.
By Local Groun
Ann Arbor Committee'
Begins Campaign Here
For Peace Mobilization
The Ann Arbor Committee to De-
fend America by Keeping out of War
is inaugurating its campaign today
to raise a delegation from Ann Ar-
bor for the, Emergency Peace Mobil-
ization in Chicago, August 31 to Sep-
tember 2, Ed Burrows, student chair-
man, announced last night.
The mobilization, which is spon-
sored by leaders of church, civil, la-
bor, farm, and student groups
throughout the country, Burrows
said, will discuss methods of fulfill-
ing its program of "defending Amer-
ica, keeping America demnocratic, and
keeping America out of war."
The campaign of the Committee
on campus includes setting up ta-
bles in Angell Hall and the Library,
where information about the EPM
and petitions in support of its pro-
gram will be available.
Representatives of youth groups,
members of trade unions, ministers,
other residents of Ann Arbor and a
delegation from Ypsilanti will hold
an organizational meeting for the
Washtenaw County branch of the
nationwide Committee to Defend
America by Keeping Out of War, at
which J. Henry Fied, prominent De-
troit lawyer, will speak.
The meeting will be held in Room
214, First Methodist Church, corner
State and Huron streets.
Labor War Charged
To Ford By NLRB
WASHINGTON, Atjg. 8.--(Y)-The
Labor Board charged today that the
Ford Motor Company at Dallas, Tex.,
ha m nrari nrn a 4uta1. na'.~ n oinc.
The Jackel Plays For Higher Stakes
Q *r an e an Se I R AQ
ABABA ... OM.
=ITAL. E AST
CONGO MiLEs e
A half million legionnaires of Mussolini's Roman Empire started
to move in Africa, playing for the highest stakes they have sought since
ancient Rome ruled the world. Italian authorities said their Libyan
troops had advanced into Egypt, striking toward the Suez Canal while
from Ethiopian bases columns thrust into British Somaliland and Kenya
(black arrows). A drive from Italian East Africa into Anglo-Egyptian
Sudan was anticipated from the British, who realize the importance of
Egypt to II Duce's dream of an empire.
U.S., Disturbed By Japanese
Asiatic Policy, Turns To Russia
Waves Of Bombers
Hurtle At England;
53 Reported Down
Not Yet Broken
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, Aug. 8.-A mighty aerial
invasion launched by uncounted
hundreds of German planes was beat-
en back over the English Channel
today in 14 hours of intermittent
battle and at least 53 of the raiding
Nazi craft were reported shot down.
More than 100 trained Nazi pilots,
observers and air gunners were de-
clared to have gone down to flaming
death in the British counter-fire.
The Germans appeared in numbers
unprecedented for this war, attacking
over and over again all day long in
forces of 80 each, and losing thous-
ands upon thousands of bombs.
British fighter planes, meeting the
greatestassault ever made on these
islands, threw up for the mainland
a shield which was not broken.
Planes Over Wales
Tonight, as the Air Ministry stil
was assembling the record of this
gigantic engagement, German planes
were reported again over the south-
east coast, and also over Wales and
two towns in the southwest of Eng-
In the last three of the day's main
attacks - attacks concentrated on
shipping in the Channel-the Ger-
mans loosed 150 dive bombers and
fighters at one convoy.
Of thententative total of raiders
shot down, 19 were dive bombers and
Each wave of bombers was screened
by fighter planes-many of them the
new Heinkels, Germany's counter-
weapon to the British Spitfires and
It was the heaviest one-day loss
ever claimed against the Nazis in
the war for Britain's skies. The pre-
vious high was on July 12, when the
British announced the destruction
of 26 German raiders.
But in this day-long series of thun-
derous, running and almost endless
engagements along the southeast
coast, the British suffered too, as-
knowledging that 16 fighter pilots
were missing, that "several ships" in
the Channel had received "consider-
able damage" and that "a number of
survivors and injured" had been
(The Germans claimed 34 British
planes were destroyed and 12 ships
totaling 55,000 tons were sunk. They
acknowledged the loss of only three
' Slush Funds'
Diplomat Sumner Welles
Talks With Ouamansky
On Far Eastern Issues
By J. C. STARK
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.-(P)-The
United States, disturbed by Japan's
new "Greater East Asia" policy, ap-
peared tonight to be seeking friend-
lier relations with Soviet Russia.
After two unusually long confer-
ences with the Soviet Ambassador,
Constantine Ouamansky, within a
week, acting Secretary of State Sum-
ner Welles said today they had dis-
cussed many questions involving re-
lations between the two countries.
The discussions, he said, had pro-
ceeded in a friendly and constructive
spirit on both sides with a view to
adjusting any differences as equit-
ably as possibly.
At the same time, Welles declined
to comment in any way on Japanese
press reports that the American gov-
ernment had asked Japan to define
more clearly its attitude regarding
The maritime commission's action
yesterday in authorizing two Amer-
ican-owned tankers to take cargoes
of' motor gasoline to Russia was
linked in some quarters with the
government's apparent effort to
smooth out trade and other difficul-
ties with Moscow.
The commission denied applica-
tions for two other vessels to take
steel and oil to Japan.
Welles, when asked for comment
on this, recalled that he told the
press about ten days ago that he
understood charters would be granted
for American ships to go to ports
where there was no danger involved.
He added that Vladivostok was a port
where no danger of hostilities existed
at present while belligerent activities
did exist along the Chinese coast.
In other ways, a definite turn was
indicated in United States and Soviet
relations since Welles two weeks ago
condemned the Russian acquisition
of the three small Baltic countries-
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Trade Pact Renewed
For one thing, the annual trade
treaty with the Soviet government
was renewed this week, although with
a reservation that Moscow could not
guarantee to fulfill its estimated pur-
chases if American export restric-
tions under the national defense pro-
gram proved too severe.
Corresponding with the apparent
efforts to eliminate friction with
Soviet Russia was increasing concern
over Japan's intentions under the
new Konoye government in Japan.
Apart from the suspicion that Ja-
pan aimed at complete domination
of French Indo-China and possibly
the Netherlands East Indies was the
question of whether the Philippine
Islands came within the scope of
Japan's "Greater East Asia" program.
University's Forensics Pioneer,
Prof. Trueblood, To Talk Today
Prof. Cowan Uses Oscillograph
To Solve Linguistic Problems
By HAROLD B. ALLEN
With a demonstration using the
cathode-ray oscillograph, Prof. J.
Milton Cowan of the State University
of Iowa suggested before the Lin-
guistic Institute luncheon conference
yesterday the practical application of
the instrumental approach in help-
ing to solve some of the problems of
In a conversation, said Professor
Cowan, there is a disturbance of the
physical medium which exists be-
tween speaker and hearer. This dis-
turbance possesses a variety of char-
acteristics. all of which are known
could not exist without all four of
these attributes. But the linguist, he
continued, seeks a method by which
the most objective measurement of
phenomena can be obtained so he
goes to the physicist, who enables
him to translate these attributes into
the measureable characteristics of
pitch, intensity, overtones or har-
monics, and time.
That each of these basic attributes
of speech can be measured objective-
ly was shown by the, means of the
cathode-ray oscillograph, members of
the audience were called on to sound
certain vowels before the microphone,
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.--OP)-The
Federal Government today launched
a drive against alleged use of political
slush funds by public utilities cor-
The Justice Department announced;
that grand jury investigations would
be made of charges that such funds
were used by utilities firms at St.
Louis, Springfield, Ill., and Des
Moines. Similar inquiries may be
made in other districts, officials said.
The companies to be investigated
were listed as Union Electric Co. of
Missouri, Illinois-Iowa Power Co. and
Missouri Power & Light Co., all sub-
sidiaries in the huge North American
Co. holding system.
The Securities Commission an-
nounced at the same time that it
had deferred for thie present a pro-
posed public investigation of the
North American Co. and Union Elec-
tric pending the grand jury inquiry.
The Justice Department said the
grand juries would investigate "in-
formation that Union Electric Co. of
Missouri and certain associated com-
* . .
As dean of the nation's progress
in public speaking, Professor-Emeri-
tus Thomas Clark Trueblood, of the
speech department, will lecture on
fessor Trueblood has been the found-
er of Sigma Delta Rho, national hon-
orary society, recognizing achieve-
ment in debating which now has 71