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August 08, 1940 - Image 2

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FAGS TWO

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

THURSDAY. AUGUST 8, 1940

PAGE TWO THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1940

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

y

The
Straight Dope
By Himself

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Pblished every morning except Monday during the
University year and summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Assolated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Enteredat the Post Office at Ann Arbor, -Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subcriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.00; by mail, $4.0.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL AOVERSING BY
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420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK, N. Y.
CHICAGO BOSTON - LOS ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Editorial Staff
Managing Editor .............. Carl Petersen
City Editor ...............Norman A. Schorr
Associate Editors .......... Harry M. Kelsey,
Karl Kessler, Albert P. Blau-
stein, Morton C. Jampel, Su-
zanne Potter.
Business Staff
Business Manager ............ Jane E. Mowers
Assistant Manager .......... Irving Guttman
NIGHT EDITOR: A. P. BLAUSTEIN
Plain-Spoken
Pershin g .. .
GtEN. PERSHING'S plea for "The Se-
curity of the Americas," is a bold
rallying call for those whoearnestly want to do
something, now, that will strengthen our defen-
sive position. It is, in addition, a crushing an-
swer to the arguments of appeasement.
Pershing tells us bluntly that we can enor-
mously enhance, and perhaps permanently in-
sure, our chances of keeping war out of America.
We can do this by immediate material help to
the beleaguered British.
No one has the temerity to argue that, with
British seapower still dominant in the Atlantic,
the threat of European aggression is likely to
come to us. What the appeasement bloc is now
saying, with a unanimity that must delight Herr
Goebbel's heart, is that it is too late to help the
British. More aid for Britain will just be good
money flung after bad!
Thebest-informed officials of this govern-
ment, as well as a host of shrewd and observant
laymen, hold a contrary view, which is based on
real knowledge of the situation. Like Gen. Per-
shing, these officials are convinced that, if Eng-
land can be supplied with as few as 50 of our
over-age World War destroyers, her chances of
holding the channel are excellent. As we have
several times pointed out, H-itler's most probable
invasion plan is based on the assumption that
the biggest British ships can't maneuver in such
narrow waters, while the smaller British vessels
have been considerably reduced in numbers by
the war to date. It has been pointed out, how-
ever, that many of the destroyers classified as
out of service are actually not sunk but tied up
for repairs. The destroyers we could send might
well bridge the dangerous gap between now and
such time as repaired destroyers and new British
construction is abreast of the rate at which small
vessels are being put out of action.
The pros and cons of the case are simple:
It is admitted that preservation of British
sea strength guarantees us against aggression
from Europe. It is conceded that the two-ocean
Navy we shall need to make up for the loss of
the British fleet cannot be finished before 1946.
No one thinks that, if the aggressors plan to
blitz us, they will stand aside while we build our
new 'ships
Thus, as a question of pure logic, the argu-
ment against the general's advice boils down
to this:
We should not send this help because it is
not absolutely certain that the aggressors will
go after us. Let's take a chance. They might, as
Col. Lindbergh puts it with such boyish inno-
cence-or is the colonel so innocent?-desire to
"co-operate."
Gen. Pershing has the answer for this, also.
[t is the fundamental answer; the answer every-

body knows, and that the appeasers must, in
their hearts, themselves know:
"More than half the world is ruled by men
who despise the American idea and have sworn
to destroy it . . . They are fanatical and they
are strong. They are efficient and they are
ruthless. Eight nations have tried to appease
them. The appeasers of eight nations are dead
or in jail, or discredited or ruined . .. A new kind
of war is loose in the world, fought with all
weapons, including treason, and fought most
insidiously, during . . . 'peacetime.' It is a war
against the civilization that we know. It is a
revolution against all the values that we have
cherished . . . It is a revolution ...
-- Chicago Daily News
Increase Our Arms
r HE PROBABILITY that Hitler, Stalin, Mus-
solini and the Japanese, who have nothing

O NLY the other day a friend of ours took bit-
ter issue with us on the general subject of
the conscription bill which we oppose so vehe-
mently. She wanted to know if we were pre-
pared to see this country invaded by Hitler, if
we wanted our parents slaughtered, our sisters
raped, and ourselves sold into slavery.
Argument with her was futile since her objec-
tions were largely emotional ones based on an
unreasoning fear. The only way to answer such
people is to appeal to other emotions, to those
that make us fear that conscription will mean
a regimentation to which Hitler would be mild.
The loss of freedom of speech, freedom of as-
semblage, of petition, of the press, of the right
to bear arms seldom seems terrible to people
because they always assume the penalty will be
exacted of a few communists and radicals. Never
from business men or professors .
-But the news from Europe today confirms
the old old story that to lose freedom .of
speech for anyone, even a communist, even
an anti-semite, means to lose it for all. A
few days ago we quoted a French dispatch
that stated that in Paris Jews were now un-
dergoing boycott in their business affairs.
The latest news is that all Masonic orders
are shortly to be abolished and members
who try to cling to them will, no doubt, be
persecuted. Next will come other organiza-
tions having an international basis, not ex-
cluding the Rotary Club and the Catholic
Church. To doubt this is insanity in the face
of history in recent German, Dutch, Belgian
and Norwegian news dispatches.
NO DOUBT we all want to defend our country.
Certainly this column does. Although Pear-
son and Allen are stating that most of those
opposing the conscription bill have German
names we shall not be deterred by that from
our opposition. Most of those with German
names who now oppose the bill have parents
and grandparents who fled Germany to avoid
conscription and other forms of tyranny. Who
has a better right than they to oppose such a
Hitlerian measure?
But the most important fact this column
can make is that conscription is not neces-
sary. Major. George. Fielding. Elliot. has
stated that an army of 750,000 men is ample
to defend both coasts of this country against
any conceivable invasion. Col. Palmer, the
military expert of the London Times for
many years and an officer in the A.E.F. has
stated that an army of more than a million
men would do more harm than good to this
country. Other independent experts agree.
The Detroit Free Press has stated that until
contrary orders came from the commander-
in-chief most army officers agreed that the
country needed less than a million men to
defend it adequately.
The plain and simple truth of the matter
is that conscription is being rushed upon the
American people in such fanatic haste be-
cause many in our government want to
have an army capable of being sent over-
seas. The American people are overwhelm-
ingly opposed to any such proposal but are
getting no chance to see through the mea-
sure because of the fear that is being thrown
like a cloak around the whole issue. Like
our friend who was so bitter at us the pub-
lic prefers to have an emotional orgasm and
in the process give up all America's hard
won liberties to seeing the issue rather clear-
ly as one of whether or not we want to en-
gage :in Europe's war.
FOR we tell you as earnestly as we know how
. that if the conscription bill passes we will'
be in a foreign war before the year of training
is out. If it does not pass, the date of its failure
to become law may well rank with that of the
Magna Charta as a unique moment in the his-
tory of freedom.
If we need an army of less than a million men
to defend this country and we already have one
of 350,000 plus 400,000 in the National Guard

DRAMA
By JAMES E. GREEN
Most anglophobes (of which I happen to be
one) have a chink in their armor through which
the barbs of Gilbert and Sullivan find easy en-
trance. Even the worst productions of Gilbert
and Sullivan have a way of delighting audiences
of all ages and opinions that makes them almost
foolproof in their appeal. Which is rather an
ambiguous way of talking about last night's pro-
duction of "Patience." "Patience" is one of the
most engaging of the operettas despite the rather
narrow appeal of its subject matter, and the pro-
duction that it received in the combined hands
of the Repertory Players in the School of Mu-
sic was, with some few exceptions, one of the
best musical productions that has been given in
the last several years.
. There is not much point in talking about the
operetta itself, but those who plan to see it later
in the week should be interested to know that
they will be able to understand practically all of
the lyrics without carrying a libretto to the the-
atre. The voices are generally clear with a vol-
ume adequate to the demands made upon them.
The acting (which usually seems to be drawn
from a couple of unrelated gamuts left over from
the children's season) was much more than com-
petent. And most important of all, the produc-
tion had the timing and snap without which
Gilbert and Sullivan is nothing at all.
A major share of the individual plaudits must
go to Nancy Bowman for her beautifully done
Lady Jane. The considerable applause which she
received for her rendition of the famous solilo-
quy (with bass fiddle) was as much deserved by
her whole performance as by this one scene.
George Cox and John Schwarzwalder as the
rival aesthetics were convincingly precious and
poetic enough for the purpose. Schwarzwalder's
acting occasionally fell off but his singing voice
was probably the best of the whole company for
he purposes of the production. The other roles
were sung and played well and the work of the
chorus was smooth and pleasing.
I have one friend, who shall remain nameless,
who decides whether or not to attend the cur-
rent play on the basis of my reviews. For him
I am grateful; especially so since I realize that
the rest of you go or don't go as the fancy seizes.
But this week I am happy to say that if the
fancy says to go, you will do so with my blessing.
On this sad little note I end for the summer.
Sic transit gloria mundi.
to say that a campaign to secure enlistment of
less than 250,000 men would not work, as the
present Secretary of War would have us believe
is sheer nonsense. Stimson is either engaged on
some crusading notion kept secret from the
American people or he is senile. Roosevelt, for
whom we shall vote presently, is badly mistaken
if he really supports this present bill. Willkie
is no better off. He won't even talk about it in
this hour when the entire future of America is
at stake.
O DON'T LET UP in this crucial time. If you
wrote your congressman once, write him
again. If you haven't written yet do so at once.
If you don't know his address send it to the
Congressional Office Building, Washington, D.C.
He will get it there and he will read it. He will
probably vote on it as his constituents wish in
this election year.
Lastly, don't let anybody fool you. This
bill is not necessary to defend the United
States. Those who tell you it is are mistaken
or lying. If we need a million men then
250,000 enlistments will doi the trick. It
would be simple to get them even under
present laws. With such changes as Van-
denberg proposes two million men could be
had easily without any sign of conscription.
If we get conscription Hitler will rejoice.
It will mean the first and greatest step has
been taken to make this country like Ger-
many. It will mean the Nazi conquest of
America has begun without the necessity of
his wasting a single plane or tank on the
job. Defeating conscription, maintaining
democracy, is the only possible way to de--

feat Hitler. Death to the conscription bill!

Grin And Bear It ..

By Lichty

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"Sure, there's mermaids at the bottom of the sea, sonny-you'll
always find a woman at the bottom of everything!"

DAILY OFFICIAL
BULEI

I

0I~eAILY4 JSWNGTON
TRADE M R E15 TEED
WASHINGTON - How much personnel matters, that is to place
American isolation means to Hitler the best people in the right jobs.
and how worried he is over the drift However, he is not averse to placing
toward selling U S destroyers to members of his own family, and his
ton U. down daughter has just been placed
Great Britain has been illustrated by in an ekcellent personnel job in the
several factors recently. National Defense Council. She is Mrs.
One is the steady stream of state- Margaret Holmaed, and she is sup-
ment an prss iteriew byNazi posed to handle job applications to
ments and press interviews by zthe Council.
leaders reminding the United States Applicants complain that they can
that she has no quarrel with Europe, get no report on what happens to
and that Hitler has no intention of their applications. In fact Congress-
coming to the Western Hemisphere. men do not have much better luck.
Positive proof that these are in- Note-Mrs. Holmaed's father gets
tended entirely for American con- a salary of $10,000 at the White
sumption came the other day when House. However, Mrs. Holmaed's sal-
Adolph Hitler sent for Hearst news- ary remains a dark secret. All govern-
man, veteran Karl von Weigand, and ment salaries are required to be a
gave him an exclusive interview, say- matter of public record, but Robert
ing that he had no intention of go- Horton, press relations officer of the
ing to South America. Council, refused to divulge her stip-
King Features, which distributes end, referring inquiry to the Asist-
von Weigand's writings, immediately ant Secretary of the Council, Sid-
telegraphed to the leading papers ney Sherwood. Mr. Sherwood works
of Latin America, offering to sell for Mr. McReynolds. He stated, "No
them the interview. A large number public good can come from disclosing
of the editors ordered it-when sud- Mrs. Holmaed's salary."
denly King Features discovered that
Hitler had been there ahead of them. Capital Chaff
The German consuls and embassies The man expected to be the next
in Latin America had distributed the
speech free of charge and cable tolls Japanese Ambassador to the United
paid to all newspapers. States is Y. Ayukawa, sometimes call-
ed the Ivar Kreuger of Japan. He
Missing Farm Leader once worked in a steel mill in the
One of the chief subjects discus- United States and is now head of the
sed at the GOP farm pow-wow in Manchurian Development Corpora-
Des Moines was the McNary-Ha- tion. His appointment would make
gen bill, twice passed by Congress him the first Japanese businessman
and vetoed by Coolidge and Hoover. in years who has served here as am-
But the news dispatches reporting bassador. Most previous envoys have
this fact contained no mention of been career men... Lost in the welter
Senator Charles McNary, chief of international and political news is
author of the famous measure andoterLonalfaghtpolt tewseis
the running mate selected by Wendell the Louisiana fight to oust the rem-
for the specific purpose of nants of the Huey Long machine.
Wilikefo th seciic uroseofOne Congressional campaign which
wooing agricultural votes. Reason Washington is watching is that stag-
nothing was said about McNary at ed by young Jimmy Aswell against
the conference was because he was Dr. George Long, one of Huey's
not there. brothers, and against Congressman
Behind this is an interesting story. A. Leonard Allen. Aswell is the son
The prime movers of the meeting, of the late Congressman. He left a
among them Iowa's Governor Geo-o
rge Wilson, either forgot or purpose- well-paid newspaper job to help clean
ly did not invite McNary. At any rate up Hueyism.
he was not asked to come-until Will-
kie telephoned McNary two days be- Good Neighbor Dollars
fore the conference.S.y
This last-minute thought was in- Shortcutting diplomacy, and with-
spired by 'Representative Frank Hor- out waiting for the Havana agree-
ton of Wyo., Willkie's personal friend. ments to be put into action, a group
Horton discovered that no invitation of U.S. department stores and re-
had been extended to McNary by tail buying agencies are sending ex-
the Wilson group and hastily tele- perts to Latin America next month
phoned the presidential candidate at to try to find new ways for the Latins
Colorado Springs. Willkie, in turn, to serve the U.S. market.
immediately telephoned McNary and With their sources in Europe cut
asked him to come. off, the stores are eager to do just
However, the Senate GOP floor what the State Department wants
leader declined because of the pres- them to do-buy from the Good
sure of legislative duties. He explain- Neighbors to create dollar exchange,
ed that the bill calling the National so they can buy from us. The stores
Guard into active service was coming are looking for all manner of things,
up Monday and he could not leave especially handicraft-peasant dress-
Washington. es, glassware, jewelry, petit point,
Note-McNary's acceptance speech, scarves, gloves and knitted sweaters.
like Willike's, will not be more than The catalogue is long and the need
one half hour's duration. One of the is urgent, especially if they bring
chief subjects of the address will be goods back before the Christmas sea-
the water power issue, on which M- son.
Nary has a strong public ownership The buyers will leave New York
record. September 15, visiting six countries--.
Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Peru, Guat-
White House Nepotism emala and Mexico. They are experts
in production and styling, who will
Speaking of nepotism, it is inter- pick up what finished work they can
esting to note that on occasion, the find, and lay down U.S. standards
White House secretariet is not above and styles for future buying.
the oldest of political practices-- Apparently the merchants think
saueezing natronage for members of this is good business, for the trip will

All notices for -the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session before 3:30
P. M. of the day preceding its pub-
lication except on Saturday, when
the notices should be submitted be-
fore 11:30 A. M.
To the members of the Faculty: If
you wish to attend the breakfast next
Sunday morning, August 11, at 9 a.m.,
given for those students who expect
to take mester's degrees this summer,
you may secure tickets at the office
of the Summer Session at fifty-five
cents each.
Louis A. Hopkins
Director of the Summer Session
Linguistic Institute LuncheonCdn-
ference will be held at 12:10 today at
the Michigan Union. "American In-
dian Place Names." Dr. J. P. Har-
rington, Senior Ethnologist of the
Bureau of American Ethnology,
Smithsonian Institution.
"What the .Public Expects of its
Schools," is the lecture to be given by
Clifford Woody, Professor of Educa-
tion, at 4:05 p.m. today in the Uni-
versity High School Auditorium.
Deutscher Verein Picnic today.
Transportation, swimming privileges,
food, and refreshments included in
price 45c. Free to members of the
Deutscher Verein. Meet in the Deut-
sches Haus at'5:30 p.m. All students
of German, students and faculty
members interested in German are
cordially invited to attend. Make res-
ervations at 204 U.H.
Piano Recital. Janet Mary McLoud,
pianist of Austin, Texas, will give a
recital in the partial fulfillment of
the requirements of the Master of
Music degree, this evening, Au-
gust 8, at 8:15 p.m., in the Assembly
Room of the Rackham Building. Miss
McLoud is a student of Professor
Maud Okkelberg.
"Patience," by Gilbert and Sulli-
van is being presented as the Grand
Finale of the Twelfth Summer Ses-
sion in conjunction with the School
of Music and the University Sym-
phonyOrchestra. Performances will
be given at 8:30 p.m. today, Friday,
Saturday, Monday and Tuesday, in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Single admissions are $1.00, $.75, $.50.
Doctoral Examinations: Mr. Mar-
vin Carmack, Chemistry; Thesis:
"The Synthesis of Derivatives of 3,
4-Benspyrene," today, at 2:30 p.m.,
309 Chemistry Bldg. Chairman W. E.
Bachmann.
Mr. Dale Theran Harroun, Civil
Engineering; Thesis: "Stability of
Cohesive Earth Masses in Embank-
ments," today, August 8, 2 p.m.
1224 East Engineering Bldg. Chair-
man, W. S. Housel.
Mr. John William Odle, Mathema-
tics; Thesis: "Non-Separating and
Non - Alternating Tranformations
Modulo a Family of Sets," today,
August 8, 3:15 p.m., West Council
Room, Rackham Building. Chairman,
W. L. Aryes.
Mr. Robertson I. Strawn, Speech;
Thesis: "Public Speaking in the Iro-
quois League," today, August 8,
3:30 p.m., East Council Room, Rack-
ham Building. Chairman, L. M. Eich.
My. Joseph Henry Cast, Biological
Chemistry; Thesis: "A study of the
Origin and Significance of Thiosul-
fate in the Animal Organism," Fri-
day, August 9, 2 p.m., 313 West Medi-
cal Bldg. Chairman, A.A. Christman.
Mr. Robert Basil Randels, Physics;
Thesis: "The Single Scattering of
Fast Electrons in .Air, Argon, Kryp-
ton and Xenon," Friday, August 9,
2 p.m., East Council Room, Rackham
Building. Chairman, H. R. Crane.
By the action of the Executive
Board the chairman may invite mem-
bers of the faculties and advanced

doctoral candidates to attend the
examination and he may grant per-
mission to attend to those who for
sufficient reason might wish to be
present.
C. S. Yoakum
Speech Students: Dr. Thomas
Clarkson Trueblood, Professor Emer-
itus of Public Speaking, will lecture
on "The Great Triumphs in Oratory"
Friday, August 9, at 11 o'clock in 302
Mason Hall.
Speech Students: Mr. Vincent
Jukes, assistant in the Department of
Speech, will produce "Common Clay,"
by George M. Cohen, Friday at 4 p.m.
in room 4203 Angell Hall. The public
is invited to attend.
Hopwood manuscripts for the sum-
mer contest must be in the Hop-
wood Room, 3227 Angell Hall, by
4:30 p.m. this Friday afternoon, Au-
gust 9.
Contestants should read carefully
the rules for the contest. No manu-
script will be accepted that does not
conform to the regulations.
R .W. Cowden
Vibration Problems Symposium.
Mr. R. P. Kroon of the Westinghouse
Electric and Mfg. Company will give
th ,if n21- -4 - .. f :

Japan's New Technique Termed
Definite Threat To U. S. Security

WHILE EVERYBODY is waiting for the blitz-
krieg on England, events that more inti-
mately threaten American security are taking
place on the other side of the world. The de-
tails of the Japanese moves there are still ob-
scure. But there is no doubt of the fact that
they represent a new approach to the strategic
problem of the achievement of Japanese ambi-
tions.
Up to the present, the Japanese campaign
for the conquest of China has not succeeded
well except in Manchuria. It was based on the
field superiority of the Japanese armies-their
better training, equipment and leadership. The
Japanese believed they could always beat the
Chinese armies in battle, an assumption that
turned out perfectly correct, with a few minor
exceptions that proved unimportant.
They believed that by holding the main cen-
ters of communication-the cities-with the ad-
dition of chains of blockhouses in particularly
troubled localities, they could wear down Chi-
nese resistance to the level of brigandage and
extinguish it. This is the old British scheme
of colonial warfare, the one England used in
her conquest of the American continent, of In-
.4 n A i. va vaa.tlr f-ha-'av nn fn,

supplies reaching them through neutral terri-
tory on the south.
There was also a factor of physical distance.
China is so immense and so badly organized
that it proved impossible to control the lines
of communication by holding the cities. Forces
in them were too far apart to support one an-
other, and the distance from each to the next
was too great to permit the success of the chain-
of-blockhouses technique. There were simply
not enough Japanese in the world to garrison
all the blockhouses necessary. It was evident
a year ago that the campaign along its original
lines would flop.
The war in Europe was a godsend to Japan.
It permitted a change in methods without any
confession of defeat and afforded her an oppor-
tunity to grasp at the whole Far East without
relaxing pressure on China. This is what the
Japanese campaign now amounts to and the
changes in the Japanese Cabinet mark the adop-
tion of this new grand strategy.
The first step is taking over Indo-China for
use as though it belonged to Japan. The demands
that they be allowed to use the French air bases
there to transport troops across Indo-China
amount to nothing else. The French are power-
less to resist this pressure; and the next stage

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