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August 08, 1940 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1940-08-08

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Wareather
Fair And Warmner

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Editorial
Plain- Spoken
Persh g..

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. L. No. 39 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Italians

Continue

Speech Conference Luncheon
Concludes Three-Day Meet Here,

Six U. S. Army

Arsenals

Advance In British

ir
African
Zeila, Hargeisa, Oadweina
Reported Taken; Fascist
Forces Mass In Libya
Enemy Not In Egypt,
English Officials Say
CAIRO, Egypt, Aug. 7.-(AP)-Ital-
jans advancing in British Somaliland
in an apparent overture to a great
war of empire for dominance in Afri-
ca have marched into Zeila, a port
on the Gulf of Aden across from the
British protectorate of Aden, and
captured Hargeisa, British Somali-
land, in strong force.
This was acknowledged today by
the British, along with the Italian
capture of a third objective, the town
of Oadweina, in the Somaliland,
while other and much heavier Fascist
forces were massing in Libya for an
attack upon Britain's vital strong-
holds in Egypt.
Zeila was declared to have been
undefended.
To Occupy Red Sea Area
All these moves suggested an Ital-
ian campaign to occupy the region
of the southern outlet of the Red
Sea-an essential in British Empire
communications-before the expect-
ed assault on Egypt itself.
The British, outnumbered on land
but including so'me of the world's
strongest desert troops, proclaimed
At their Middle-Eastern headquarters
here that they welcomed the show-
down, expressing confidence that the
British Navy would starve and cut
off Premier Mussolini's African sol-
diers in the end and destroy his Afri-
can dream.
The Italian forces facing Egypt-
the land of the Suez Canal so essti-
tHal to the British-were concentrated
near Bardia, Libya. The British de-
lared officially the enemy had not
set foot across the frontier.
"The only Italians present on
Egyptian soil," they said, "are one
general and 818 officers and others-
prisoners."
Maneuver For Position
The Italians maneuvered for posi-
tion for an enveloping attack on
Egypt; French Somaliland appears
now in their hands and Italian-held
Ethiopia borders the new war zone.
The expected general attack from
Libya was characterized as reflecting
the desperation of Italian Marshal
Rodolfo Graziani to achieve a vic-
tory to offset British successes in
smashing at Libya's air and naval
bases and, Britons said, wrecking wa-
ter pipelines and supply concentra-
tions.
Graziani, they added, must face
not alone the British regulars-sea-
soned troops with long experience in
Africa-but two great natural allies:
Thirst and intense heat. Between
the Italian positions and the British
Egyptian base at Mersa Matruh, on
the Mediterranean, there is a shim-
mering, waterless stretch of almost
400 miles.
The British naval blockade of Lib-
ya has prevented supply ships from
getting through from Italy, British
sources said.
Verein To Hold
PicnicToday
Reservations Due At Noon
In German Office
Reservations for the second Deut-

scher Verein picnic, to be held today
at the Saline Valley Farms, should
be made by noon today in the Ger-
man department office, Room 204,
University Hall.
The Verein is sponsoring a second
picnic on popular request after the
great success of the first one. Mem-
bers of the Verein and all students
and faculty members interested are
invited to attend.
The admission fee, 45 cents for
non-members for the Verein, will
cover transportation, swimming, sup-
per and refreshments. Verein mem-
bers will be admitted free.

Ierritory
6 0 Graduates
To Be Honored
At Breakfast
Vlore than 600 Summer Session ad-
vanced-degree winners will be feted
at the fourth annual Summer Break-
fast, at 9 a.m. Sunday in the Union
Ballroom, at which President Ruth-
ven will be the principal speaker.
Held primarily for students at the
University only for summer work, the
Breakfast is open to all graduates,
their families and. members of the
faculty. All persons interested are
asked to make reservations through
the Summer Session.
Following an invocation by Dr.
William P. Lemon, of the First Pres-
byterian Church, short talks will be
given by Dean Clarence Yoakum of
the Graduate School and President
Ruthven. Dr. Louis A. Hopkins, di-
rector of the Summer Session will
preside.
Members of the Graduate Board
and their wives, and the members
of the Dean's Conference and their
wives have been designated as guests
of honor. The affair is being directed
by Miss Ethel M. McCormick, social
director of the League.
Reich's Treaty
Will Set Jews
In Own Colony
Nazis Claim 30,000 Tons
Of British Shipping Sunk
As Bombers Blast Isles
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, Aug. 7.-A German peace
will mean a Jew-less peace, Das
Schwarze Korps, mouthpiece of Adolf
Hitler's elite SS guard, proclaimed
today.
Once the war is won, some area
remote from Europe will be set apart
for Jewish colnization, the paper
said, and then the continent will be
cleared entirely of Jews.
Hitler's airforce and raiding war-
ships meanwhile battered against
the only obstacles to a German peace
-the island fortress of England and
British sea-power.
Airports Bombed
The Nazi high command announced
a German raider had sunk 30,000 tons
of British merchane shipping "over-
seas" and that German bombers had
raided airports near Tynemouth and
St. Athan, the Vickers-Armstron
airplane factories in Chesteraand mu-
nitions plants in Swansea. Night-
raiding British planes dropped bombs
in Holland and Western Germany
but failed, the high command said,
to inflict any "damage worth men-
tioning."
Hitler Signs Decrees
As Europe waited for the long-
heralded grand assault on Britain,
Hitler signed decrees bringing por-
tions of the continent closer to an-
nexation by the Reich.
German was declared the official
language of occupied Luxembourg.
The civil administrations of Luxem-
bourg, Alsace and Lorraine were
taken from the military and placed
under civil administrators, directly
responsible to Hitler.
Das Schwarze Korps' discussion of

a "peace without Jews" declared Jews
had cooperated with Britain in an
attempt to "convert all Europe into
a chaotic, blood-soaked battlefield."
Therefore they must pay the bill,
the paper said.
Pianist To Present
Music Recital Today
Janet McLoud, pianist, of Austin,
Tex., will give a recital in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
Master of Music degree, at 8:15 p.m.
today in the Assembly Room of the

Prof. Louis Eich Presents
Degrees To 45; Dramatic
Students Give Program
More than 500 members of the an-
nual Speech Conference and students
and faculty of the Summer Session
gathered for the annual speech lun-
cheon yesterday which highlighted
the concluding sessions of the three-
day meet here yesterday.
Prof. Louis Eich of the speech de-
partment presented degrees to the
45 candidates for master's degrees
in speech and one doctoral candidate,
while dramatic students who have
been stars in the current season of
the Repertory Players dramatized
scenes from each production and
characterized the various members
of the department.
Ray Pedersen as Prof. Valentine
Windt, Richard Hadley as Mr. David
Itkin, guest director of theRepertory
Part Of Texas
And Louisiana
Hit By Storm
Hurricane Results In Death
Of Three, Injury To Six;
25 Persons Marooned
PORT ARTHUR, Tex., Aug. 7.-1)
-A death-dealing hurricane stormed
inland tonight, leaving a trail of de-
struction and uncertainty in the sa-
bine area of Texas and Louisiana.
Three lives were lost, 25 persons
marooned and six injured as the 75-
mile-an-hour winds overtook some of
the hundreds who sought safety in
flight, either inland or to public
buildings.
Roaring into Texas and from the
east, the storm lashed Port Arthur
and Orange. First of the season, it
whisked roofs from houses, up-rooted
oak trees and sent advertising signs
whirling dangerously through the air.
The fatalities all occurred in Lou-
isiana. Janes Gordon, 60-year-old
fisherman, drowned near Alluvial;
an aged, unidentified refugee was
caught trying to flee high tides, and
a Chinese youth drowned in Bara-
taria Bayou.
Twenty men and five women ma-
rooned at a fishing camp at Black
Bayou near Orange had been warned,
but elected to ride out the storm.
Telephone lines were down and boat-
men would not risk a trip to deter-
mine their safety.
Appproximately 150 persons were
marooned for a few hours n the
parish courthouse at Cameron, La.
Doctor Abandons Hope
For Governor's Wife
LANSING, Aug. 7.-(AP)--Dr. H. Al-
len Moyer, State Health Commission-
er, reported tonight Mrs. Zora Del-
la Dickinson, wife of the governor, is
losing strength and that hope has
been abandoned that she will recover
from a heart ailment.
Mrs. Dickinson, who is 75 years
old, has been unconscious since Mon-
day. Governor Dickinson remained at
the bedside.

Players, Everett Corwright as Prof.
G. E. Densmore, and Al Wilkinson
as Professor Eich starred in the lead-
ing roles.
Other members of the faculty por-
trayed in the skits were Miss Evelyn
Cohen by Lucille Cohen, Prof. Wil-
liam Halstead by Tom Batton, and
Prof. R. D. T. Hollister by Jackson
Laird.
From "Two on an Island" Nancy
Bowmnan, June Madison, and Lu-
cille Bailey enacted outstanding pas-
sages. Arthur Klein, Mary Ellen
Wheeler, Bill Kinzer, Angus Moore,
Dorothy Hydell, Peter Antonelli, and
Elizabeth Greene appeared in char-
acter roles of the plays given during
the Summer Session.
In the three concluding sessions
of demonstration classes, Professor
Hollister led the discussion of Funda-
mentals of Speech," at 9 a.m. in the
W. K. Kellogg Institute Foundation.
Emphasizing techniques of public
speaking, Prof. Kenneth Hance con-
ducted the " class in "Principles and
Methods of Discussion" at 10 a.m.
and Professor Densmore headed the
discussion of "The Teaching of
Speech."
Teachers and students of dramat-
ics cooperated in the conference on
"Problems of Dramatic Production"
under the direction of Professor
Windt and his assistants, Mr. Wy-
koff and Miss Evelyn Cohen. The
open forum discussion in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre centered on
the newest techniques of staging and
costuming and some of the recent
dramatic productions.
Last Repertory
Play Continues
Six-Day Run
Profs. Windt, Pray, Baird
Direct 'Patience' While
McNeill HeadsSymphony
"Patience," noted Gilbert and Sul-
livan operetta, will continue its six-
day run at 8:30 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre under
the sponsorship of the Michigan Rep-
ertory Players, the School of Music,
and the University Symphony Or-
chestra.
In charge of the production, which
is the last in the summer session, is
Prof. Valentine B. Windt of the
speech department who is assisted by
Prof. Mary Pratt and Prof. Claribel
Baird. Charles McNeill and Grace
Wilson serve as orchestra conduc-
tor and accompaniest respectively
Heading the cast is Wilburta Horn
at Patience, the. heroine who is be-
loved by both Reginald Bunthorne,
played by George Cox, and Archi-
bald Grosvenor portrayed by John
Schwarzwalder. In the end Patience
chooses the latter.
The officers of the dragoon guards
include Ernest Challender, Joseph
Conlin, Everett Ewing, Donald Gage,
Maurice Gerow, Ted Hildebrandt,
Joseph Holloway, Cullen Johnson,
Delvin Kirchhofer, Arthur Klein,
Frank Malleaux, Herbert Neuchter-
lein, Roy Rector, Albert Richards,
Valgene Routch, Neil Smith, Ray-
mond Trenholm, Chester Webb and
Alfred Wilkinson.

To Work On Three-Shift
Basis Beginning Aug. 10

Independent Men's Association
To Conduct Campus Straw Vote
Students, Faculty Will Have Opportunity To Voice
Opinions On Presidential Elections, Sept. 26-28

By DAVID LACHENBRUCH
University students and faculty
members will be given the opportun-
ity of voicing their preferences for
President and Vice President of the
United States, Sept. 26, 27 and 28
during registration week, when Con-
gress, Independent Men's Associa-
tion will conduct the all-campus
presidential straw vote.
Arrangements have been completed
for the poll, according to William H,
Rockwell, president of Congress, who
estimated that at least 90 per cent
of the students and faculty would
cast ballots.
Ballots will be available at voting
desks near the locker room entrance
of Watreman Gymnasium, where all
students must enter for registration.
Booths will be open from 7:45 a.m.
to 4 p.m. all three days in order to af-
ford every student a chance to vote
when he goes to the Gymnasium for
registration.
No identification will be necessary
in order to vote, Rockwellstated, and
there will be no age or citizenship
requirements. All candidates for
President and Vice President will be
listed on the secret ballot. "The pur-
pose o fthis straw vote," he pointed
out, "is to get an idea of the general
opinion of the entire campus on the
Oratory Triumphs
Will Be Discussed
By Prof. Trueblood
Professor-Emeritus Thomas Clark
Trueblood, dean of the University
and nation's speech instruction, will
speak on "Two Triumphs in Oratory"
at 11 a.m. tomorrow in Room 302
Mason Hall.
Acting as chairman of the speech
department before his retirement in
1925, Professor Trueblood is disting-
uished in national speech circles as
the founder of several of the most
distinctive speech organization.
Under his guidance the Depart-
ment of Speech was organized here
offering the first cources in public
speaking which were granted recog-
niion in any college or university in
the United States.
As the leader in the field of publio
speaking, Professor Trueblood is not-
ed for the establishment of Delta
Sigma Rho, national honor society
in forensics, the Northern Oratorical
League and the Central Debating
League composed of Michigan, Chi-
cago, Minnesota, and Northwestern.

presidential issue. For this reason it
would be appreciated if every student
and faculty member would vote."
Results of the voting will be an-
nounced in The Daily, Tuesday, Oc-
tober 1. The Congress poll was com-
mended by Assistant Dean of Stu-
dents Walter B. Rea recently, who ex-
pressed hope for its success.t
A. P. Blaustein will be chairman of
the committee in charge of the vote.'
"The poll," Rockwell continued,
"will be the first official project of
Congress for the school year 1940-I
1941. Congress." he explained, "is the
service organization for independent
men, and will constantly strive to en-
rich he college life of independentsr
on Campus."
Senate Rejects1
Enlisting Plan
For Reserves
Senators Holt And Minton
Exchange Personalitiest
In Heated Controversy
WASHINGTON, Aug. 7. -(_)-
Leaders of the Senate anti-conscrip-
tion bloc found themselves on the.
losing side when they supported a
plan to muster the National Guard
upon a voluntary rather than a com-
pulsory basis.z
The Senate, by a vote of 47 to 36,
rejected the plan, which had been1
offered as an amendment to a pend-1
ing bill empowering the President
to call out the militia and the army
reserve forces for twelve months ac-
tive service anywhere in the Western,
Hemishere.
The issues involved in the latter.
were tangled again today in the dis-
cussion of the National Guard bill,
and the intensity of the controversy
involved led again to a bitter ex-1
change of personalities between Sen-
ators Holt (Dem-W. Va) and Minton
(Dem-Ind).
Huge gallery throngs were on hand
awaiting the renewal of the row.
Minton had charged yesterday that
Holt's father had urged that no food
be raised for shipment to American
troops in France during the World
War and that he had sent Holt's
brother to South America to escape
the draft.
Holt presented heated denials of
these statements today. Time had
upheld his father's position of oppo-
sition to the World War, he said. He
added that his brother, after going
to Mexico in 1916, returned to regis-
ter for the draft. He quoted a letter
from Brig. Gen R. C. Marshall, Jr.,
as praising his brother's war service
and saying his work in the construc-
tion division of the army "helped
win the war."
Army Expansion
Causes Vacancies
At State College
EAST LANSING, Aug. 7.-(P)-Ex-
pansion of the United States regular
army in the National Defense Pro-
gram has created vacancies on the
staff of the Military Department at
Michigan State College.
J. A. Hannah, secretary of the Col-
lege, and Lieut. Gen. Stanley H. Ford,
Commanding General of the Sixth
Corps Area, announced today that
college military staff members called
to active service would be replaced
by Reserve Officers Training Corps
members or retired army officers.
Major J. T. Campbell, Professor
of Military Science and Tactics at
Michigan State and now at Camp
McCoy. Snarta. Wis.. has written

Expect To Increase
Arms Production
About 65 Per Cent
Britain Offers
More Orders
WASHINGTON, August 7.-(-
Secretary Henry L. Stimson ordered
six army arsenals today to go on
a three-shift basis August 10 in or-
der to increase production of muni-
tions about 65 per cent.
The War Department chief said
the arrangement was authorized
porarily in order to obtain maximum
production of needed war supplies
from the six establishments.
The order was issued after con-
ferences with Sidney Hillman, labor
member of the National Defense
Commission, he said, and it was
approved by President Roosevelt.
Officials said the step would make
possible the employment in the ar-
senals of more than 8,000 additional
skilled mechanics and of possibly
double that number of semi-skilled
and unskilled personnel.
Millions Offered
While the program is in effect
laborers and mechanics will get time
and a half for time worked over 40
hours per week. The result will be
three shifts of 8 hours per day, six
days per week.
In the meantime American manu-
facturers yesterday were offered
"hundreds of millions of dollars"
worth of new British orders for tanks,
artillery and other weapons hereto-
fore not bought in this country.
The important expansion of Brit-
ish purchasing was announced al-
most simultaneously in London by
Arthur Greenwood, Laborite Minis-
ter, and in Washington by Arthur
B. Purvis, chief British purchasing
agent.
Purvis Makes Proposals
Flanked by three leading British
military and industrial technicians,
Purvis laid the proposals before
Treasury Secretary Morgenthau, of-
ficial coordinator of British and
American war material purchases.
Afterward, Purvis told reporters
that while formerly Britain bought
here only airplanes and other items
of vital and immediate necessity, he
and other officials were shaping a
long-range program to purchase
many weapons Britain formerly
bought from only its own factories.
He hinted that this might be a
precaution against the crippling of
British plants by Nazi air raiders.
While he declined to give exact
figures; Purvis' statement that the
new orders would amount to "hun-
dreds of millions of dollars" indi-
cated that they might raise the Brit-
ish total in this country since the
war began past $2,000,000,000.
Tanks, Artillery Important
He said that tanks and field artil-
lery were important items in the
ned program.
Today's announcement was the
second important British purchasing
declaration in a few weeks. Amer-
ican industry was startled recently
by disclosure that the British were
trying to place new contracts in this
country calling for 3;000 military air-
planes a month beginning next Jan-
uary.
Saying "I have lived in this coun-
try too long to believe anything im-
possible of your wonderful industrial
facilities" Purvis asserted he still
hoped for fulfillment of this pro-
gram. He added that Jaiuary might
be too early to reach the full figure
of 3,000 airplanes, but the British
would take whatever is available
then, and hope for larger quantities
later.

House PassesBill
For Refugee Ships
WASHINGTON, August 7.-(P)-
With only a few scattered "noes," the
House passed neutrality act amend-

Voege lin Praises Linguis tic Project;

Cowan 1
O
That the results of the unique lin-
gistic project in field work analysis
carried on for three years by the Lin-
guistic Institute have fully justified
the experiment was the conclusion set
forth to member of the Institute last
evening by Professor Charles F. Voe-
gelin, head of the department of an-
thropology of De Pauw University
and a member of the Institute fac-
ulty.
The first attempt to utilize the
Linguistic Institute for instruction
and research in non-written lang-
uages occured, said Professor Voe-
gelin, during the 1937 session in Ann
Arbor, when the late Prof. Edward
Sapir of Yale University, conducted
a course in the Navaho Indian lang-
uage by "spoon-feeding" the lang-
uage to the students with himself
as the source of information about
the language.
In 1938 Professor Leonard Bloom-
fieldr of the TTniversity of Chicao

ill Demonstrate Sounds

and Dr. Emeneau used a Tamil speak-
er from southern India as an inform-
ant. During the present summer
another Ojibway Indian has been
here to speak the language as a
native user employs it.
The purpose of thus utilizing na-
tive speakers, it was pointed out, is
not so much to acquire- a know-
ledge of their particular language as
to teach the technique for a scien-
tific approach to the sounds, gram-
mar, and vocabulary of any lang-
uage. The work hence is designed not
only for the intended researcher in
unwritten languages but also for any
teacher of any language who is in-
terested in studying that language
from the point of view of objective
linguistics.
That this purpose is achieved was
indicated by Professor Voegelin when
he described how students working
with the Ojibway Indian this sum-
mer have now reached the noint

Before the regular Thursday noon
Linguistic Institute luncheon con-
ference at the Michigan Union today
Professor J. Milton Cowan of the
University of Iowa will give a demon-
stration of the acoustical analysis of
speech sounds, anounced Prof. C. C.
Fries, director of the Institute, last
evening. The luncheon is open to all
persons interested.
Professor Cowan will appear in
place of Dr. J. P. Harrington, senior
ethnoligist of the Bureau of Ameri-
can Ethnology of the Smithsonian
Institution, whose arrival in Ann Ar-
bor has been unexpectedly delayed.
He will, however, be able to come
next week, and arrangements will be
made, said Professor Fries, for a
special Linguistic Institute luncheon
conference Tuesday noon when Dr.
Harrington will discuss American
Indian place-names.

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