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August 07, 1940 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1940-08-07

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Weather
Fair Today and Tomorrow

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431U

4:3att

Eiditorial
Will Coughlin
Get The Air? ..

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. L. No. 38 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1940

PRICE FiVE CENTS

British Denial'
OI U. S. Move
To Ship Food
Is Anticipated
U.S. Ambassador Cudahy
Predicts Belgian Famine
Unless Supply Shipments
Break English Blockade
London Ridicules
Envoy'sAllegations
(By the Associated Press)
LONDON, Aug. 6.-Great Britain,
it was indicated tonight, probably
will refuse an implicit plea by the
United States Ambassador to Bel-
gium that the blockading British
Navy permit shipment of food from
America to avert starvation in Bel-
gium and elsewhere in Europe.
An informed British source said
that it was "unlikely that Britain
will allow any food into German-
occupied Europe."
The envoy, John Cudahy, had de-
clared that conditions "close to fam-
ine" would prevail in Belgium by
mid - September unless American
shipments get through.
Indirectly he used the phrase, "a
howling hell," to picture the possible
situation in Belgium and elsewhere
in Europe when the winter comes.
British Comment
Within a few hours after Cudahy's
prediction, this British comment dis-
counting it was forthcoming:
"It is not at all certain that Eur-
ope will be in such a bad way over
food as Mr. Cudahy thinks. Belgium
and the other occupied countries will
have to make up their shortages
from Germany. If the Germans are
prepared to share fairly there prob-
ably won't be any famine i Europe
this winter."
This source added hat the official
British attitude toward relaxation of
the European blockade was not like-
ly to be defined untl a test case
arose-that is, when a food ship en-
counters the blockade, which extends
from Africa to the Arctic.
Deal With Germany
At the same time, Cudahy left
some of his interviewers with the im-
pression that he would propose that
Washington prepare to deal econom-
ically and politically with Germany
as the dominant power on the con-
tinent.
This point was left vague. Cudahy
said that he would present the food
situation when he returns to the
United States next week and "further
present the reality of dealing with
force as the only power."
USSR Absorbs
Estonia; Signs
U.S.Trade Pact
Baltic Nation Becomes 16th
Soviet Union Republic,
Under Stalinist Regime
MOSCOW, Aug. 6. -(LP)- Russia
took Estonia into the Soviet Union
tonight, completing absorption of the
three tiny Baltic states, and about
the same time signed a one-year
trade agreement with the United
States.
The United States and Soviet Rus-

sia today extended their trade agree-
ment for another year, with the Mos-
cow government reserving the right
to suspend purchases at any time
American defense restrictions made
exporting too difficult.
The text of the agreement showed
that Soviet Russia agreed to pur-
chase at least $40,000,000 worth of
goods in this country during the
next yeaar-the same amount' as in
the treaty which expired today.
Sitting in the great white-walled
council chamber of the Kremlin, the
Supreme Soviet accepted an Esto-
nian petition to enter the USSR as
the 16th republic. Latvia and Lithu-
ania already had - been accepted.
This action swelled Russia's popu-
lation to 193,000,000, of whom 10,-
000,000 came in from Rumania,
Lithuania,. Latvia and Estonia.
Earlier in the day, Tass, the offi-
cial Soviet News Agency, had de-
nounced as the act of a "murderer"

Marching Drill
Outmoded Now,
Mitchell States
I-M Sports Head Opposes
Elimination Of Sports
For War Training
Reversion to the outmoded march-!
ing formation basis of American phy-
Eical education, was termed "out of
tune with the new blitzkrieging type
of warfare and disastrous for the pre-
paredness program," Tuesday by Prof.
Elmer D. Mitchell, director of the
University intramural sports pro-
gram.
Replying to demands that military
drill be substituted in the schools
for athletic training, Prof. Mitchell
pointed out that the "new individ-
ualistic military order, demands
athletic abilities not developed by a
marching calisthenic program." He
cited the German parachutists, Fin-
nish and Russian sleighers as sym-
bols of the new type of warfare,
recently "recognized by France in
her adoption of a national sports
program."
"Marching and tactics," he added,
"can easily be picked up by strong
young men, who have been condi-
tioned by a well-rounded athletic
program."
He urged an immediate mass con-
scription of leisure time in the form
of services and resources, to build
'alert minds and healthy bodies."'
"Every citizen must be prepared
to contribute some form of commun-
ity service to strengthen America
from within," Professor Mitchell de-
clared.
Italian Troops
Invade Egypt
Through Lybia
Il Duce's Ambitious Dream
Approaches Reality As
British Force Retreats
LONDON, Aug. 6.-(/P)-Italy's of-
fensive to wrest Egypt and Northeast
Africa from Great Britain has begun
with the invasion of Egypt and Brit-
ish Somaliland by the legionnaires of
Mussolini's Roman Empire, playing
for the highest stakes they have
sought since Ancient Rome ruled the
world.
Both British and Italian official
reports said tonight that Mussolini's
men, 250,000 strong along the Libyan
frontier in Africa, are on the march.
In Rome, Italian authorities an-
nounced their Libyan troops had ad-
vanced into Egypt and put to flight
British forces on the border.
A British communique from Cairo
said the Italians -began the invasion
of British Somaliland August 4.
Three columns drove into that little
British possession adjoining Ethiopia.
Egypt, ancient pawn of conquerors,
is the keystone of the Italian plan.
Possession of that cotton-rich land
would give Italy a complete semi-
circle of holdings stretching from
Tripoli to the middle of Africa's
east coast, a stranglehold on the Suez
Canal, and an open road to India and
all that cast sub-continent offers to
a conquering army.
Closer home, British authorities
said that information reaching them
indicated Germany's preparations for
the expected blitzkrieg on England

are not yet complete, although they
are well advanced.
German Society
To Picnic Again
Deutscher Verein Outing
To Be Held Tomorrow
Because of the outstanding success
of the last picnic and by-popular re-
quest the Deutscher Verein will spon-
sor another such excursion to the
Saline Valley Farms from 5:30 p.m.
until about 9 p.m. tomorrow, Dr. Otto
Graf announced.
All members of the Verein and
students and faculty members in-
terested are invited to attend. Reser-
vations should be made by tomorrow
morning in the German department
office, Room 204, University Hall.

Players 'Final Offering,
'Patience,'Opens Today
University Symphony Orchestra And Music School
Combine To Present Gilbert-Sullivan Operetta

Arms Makers Promised
Preferential Treatment

Under the direction of Profs. Val-
entine B. Wndt, Mary Pray and
Claribel Baird, the Michigan Rep-
ertor Players' production of Gilbert
and Sullivan's "Patience" will open
a six-day run at 8:30 p.m. today in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The operetta revolves about the
characters of Patience, played by
Wilburta Horn, who is loved by Regi-
nald Bunthorne, played by George
Cox, and who in turn loves Archi-
bald Grosvenor, played_ by John
Schwarzwalder. To complicate mat-
ters there are 20 love-sick maidens
who try to attract the attention of
Bunthorne and 20 dragoons who love
these maidens. In the end Patience
weds Grosvenor, the 20 dragoons run
off with the 20 maidens and Bun-
thorne is left with only a lily to con-
sole him.
Twenty-Six Musicians
A group of 26 musicians of the
University Symphony Orchestra will
provide the music for the production
under the baton of Charles McNeill.
The complete personnel of the Or-
chestra is as follows: Violins; Cor-
nelius Gail, John Shenaut, Ross Wil-
liams, Clara Florence, Carolyn Fries
and Doris Hammil; viola: E. D.
Rushworth; trombone: William Hen-
line; cello: Sigvald Thompson, Doro-
thy and Hazel Stone; percussion:
Ray Opland and John Ginther.
Rapturous Maidens
Bass: William Lichtenwanger and
Stanley Rontal; flute: Harold Mut-
ter and Donald Williamson; oboe:
John Gajec; clarinet: Frederick Ebbs
and Harry Geiger; bassoon: Edward
Ostroski; french horn: Joseph White
and William Schaefer, and rumpet:
Richard Baker, Arthur Gorman and
Walter Kinney.
The chorus of rapturous maidens
comprises Alice Blodgett, Betty
Brinkman, Betty Ann Chaufty, Jane
Elliott, Alice Ellenberger, Marjorie
Refugees Flee
Coastal Storm
Low-Lying Gulf Areas Hit
By Extensive Floods
NEW ORLEANS, Aug. 6.-(P)-
Storm refugees by the hundreds fled
Louisiana's low-lying Gulf Coast to-
day before a tropical disturbance
edging westward toward Texas after
causing extensive floods and disrupt-
ing communications from Mobile,
Ala., to Western Louisiana.
The death of one man from fright
was the. only casualty reported, but
it was feared there might be addi-
tional loss of life in isolated coastal
settlements swept by high tides that
accompanied the gale and tropical
downpour.
The Weather Bureau this after-
noon put the center of the storm, the
first of the Gulf hurricane season,
on or near the Louisiana coast just
southeast of Morgan City, apparently
moving west northwestward. Storm
warnings were extended to Houston,
Tex.

Gravit, Bety Harwood, Doris Hess,
Ruth Kent, Helen Miller, Elizabeth
Myler, Priscilla Myler, Carolyn Per-
kins, Ruth Ryder, Kathryn Sarich,
Dorothy Shapland, Harriet Stout,
Ruth Watt, Margaret Welliver and
Ethel Winnai.
Grad Students
To Be Honored
.At Breakfast
Advanced Degree Winners
To Meet Pres. Ruthven
At Annual Fete Sunday
Students receiving degrees at the
close of the Summer Session, will
be honored at a breakfast at 9 a.m.
Sunday at the Michigan Union, Dr.
Louis A. Hopkins, director, announ-
ced yesterday.
The breakfast is held to give sum-
mer students an opportunity to meet
President Ruthven before they con-
clude their work at Michigan, Dr.
Hopkins said.
Graduates intending to come to the
breakfast may get tickets for friends
and members of their families. Mem-
bers of the faculty may also pur-
chase tickets.
Beginning at 9 a.m., the invocation
will be given by Dr. William P. Lemon,
of the First Presbyterian Church.
Following him short talks will be
given by Dean Moakum of the Grad-
uate School, and President Ruthven.
Dr. Hopkins will preside.
Between five to six hundred are
expected to attend the meeting, with
the members of the Graduate Board
and their wives, and the members
of the Dean's Conference and their
wives as guests of~.honor..
Many of the persons entitled to
attend the Breakfast will not be
able to attend as they are taking
work at the various University camps'
about the country and others are
writing their thesis at their residen-
ces, Dr. Hopkins explained.
This will be the 4th annual break-
fast and is being directed by Miss
Ethel M. McCormick, social director
of the League.

By House

Tax Leaders

Secretary Hull Congratulates PershingI

Secretary of State Cordell Hull (left) was on hand to congratulate
Gen. John J. Pershing, leader of America's World War Expeditionary
Force, on his radio address from Washington in which he advocated
sale of at least 50 American destroyers to Great Britain. "If the de-
troyers help save the British fleet," Pershing said, "they may save us
from the hunger and hardship of another war."
Design Of Straits Bridge Span
Is Unprecedented, Says Cissel
_____ o

Socialist Party Denied
Lansing Parade Permit
LANSING, Aug. 6.-(1P)-Norman
Thomas, Socialist presidential candi-
date, is scheduled to address the
party's state convention here Satur-
day. The party has been denied per-
mission to hold a parade in connec-
tion with the meeting. Members of
the city council said a permit for a
parade was refused because of heavy
traffic expected Saturday.
Charles Walters, of Detroit, state
secretary of the party, sai4 Thomas
would address the convention at 11
a.m. and would go to Clifford Lake,
near Stanton, to talk at a Farmer's
Union picnic at 2:30 p.m., returning
here for a public address at 8 p.m.

Former State Consultant
On Bridge Construction
Sees Critical Problems
By KARL KESSLER
The "slimmest" suspension span in
the history of bridge construction
engineering will form the most criti-
cal link in the proposed Mackinac
Straits Bridge now before Congress,
according to Prof. James B. Cissel'
of the civil engineering department.
Professor Cissel was secretary and
consulting engineer for the Mackinac
Straits Bridge Authority of Michi-
gan from May, 1934, to September,
1938. He was instrumental in much
of the preliminary investigation lead-
ing to the present proposal.
Standard bridge building practice,
Professor Cissel revealed, specifies a
ratio of length to width of one to 35
to assure rigidity. This prerequisite
rigidity, he pointed out, insures
against a "swaying" effect under the
passage of a large load over the span
and prevents distortion of the bridge
by high winds.
First major deviation from this
rule, he stated, was in the construc-
tion of the Golden Gate bridge at
San Francisco. Engineering statistics
have revealed that the Golden Gate
span sways as much as 121/2 feet out
of line in a high wind. The only other
bridge which exceeds the standard
ration is the Tacoma Narrows bridge.
Specifications for the proposed
Straits bridge, however, Professor
Cissel indicated, call for a ration of
one to 92, almost double that used in
the San Francisco span.
It was chiefly by virtue of this

Dramatics, Speech Defects, Radio
Feature Speech Conference Here

igh length-width ratio, Professor I
Cissel believes, that the reduction in
estimated cost from 35 to 26 million f
ollars was made possible.
The first proposal for a bridge r
linking the upper and lower penin-
sulas, Professor Cissel recalled, was
promoted in 1920 by Charles Evandt
Fowler, who had previously promotedE
the Ambassador Bridge at Detroit.
The Fowler proposal called for a long1
series of bridges utilizing the natural 1
stepping stones provided by Macki- I
naw, Bois Blanc and other islands in
the Straits.
In 1934 Governor Comstock recom-
mended that the highway department
study the proposal, and Professor
Cissel was given a post as consulting
engineer to the investigating commit-
tee. The committee rejected the'
longer route as unfeasible, but found
three alternative shorter paths.
Linguist Series
Will Conclude
HereFriday,
Voegelin, Miss Brunsteter
To Describe Research
Among Indians Tonight
Two lectures and the usual Thurs-
day luncheon conference will feature
the final week's program of the Lin-
guistic Institute, according to an an-
nouncement by Prof. C. C. Fries,
director.
At 7:30 p.m. today, in the audi-
torium of the W. K. Kellogg Build-
ing, Prof. Charles F. Voegelin and
Miss Della Brunsteter will describe
the field work in American Indian
languages that has been carried on-
during the Summer Session here.
Two Ojibway Indians, invited to Ann
Arbor to serve as informants, have
been used as sources for immediate
objective study of their language.
Professor Voegelin will summarize
the results of this study.
Related to the field investigation
of Indian speech will be the discus-
sion to be presented at the luncheon
conference Thursday at 12:10 p.m.
at the Michigan Union. At that tirne
Dr. J. P. Harrington, senior ethnol-
ogist of the Bureau of American Eth-

onscription And National
Guard Bills At Standstill;
Sec. Hull Endorses Draft,
FBI Presses Quest
For 5th Columnists
(By The Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.-An au-
horitative Congressional spokesman
ssured the makers of guns, planes
nd other items needed in the de-
ense program that they would re-
eive preferential tax treatment to-
lay and urged them to push on with
he rearmament program without de-
ay.
Jere Cooper, Tennessee Democrat,
chairman of the House Tax Sub-
ommittee, made the statement to
iewsmen while William S. Knudsen,
ational defense commissioner, sat
t Cooper's elbow. Cooper represented
he chairmen of the Senate and
Iouse committees which draft tax
egislation as confident that both
roups would approve a plan under
dhich Government contractors might
leduct from their taxable incomes
he entire cost of expanding their
dants for national defense.
Cooper said he spoke with author-
ty from Chairman Robert L. Dough-
on, North Carolina Democrat, of the
louse Ways and Means Committee
nd Chairman Pat Harrison, Miss-
ssippi Democrat, of the Senate Fi-
ance Committee. His statement
vas approved by Rep. Allen T. Tread-
vay of Massachusetts, ranking Re-
ublican on the Ways and Means
.ommittee.
Secretary Morganthau acted today
o facilitate financing of new fac-
ories. He ruled that in calculating
>rofits of armament manufacturers
under the 7 per cent profit limitation
Af the Vinson-Trammell Act, manu-
facturers could deduct from profits
any interest they pay on borrowed
money in connection with national
lefense construction.
Meanwhile, the House Tax Sub-
Committee late today approved an
emergency excess profits tax on cor-
porations, to be based either on ac-
tual profits or invested capital and
to have an estimated yield of $300,-
000,000 to $500,000,000 annually.
Defense Measures
At Standstill
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6-(P)-Con-
gressional tempers cracked today un-
der the strain of the great conscrip
tion controversy, while that bill, and
legislation empowering the President
to muster the National Guard into
active service, remained at a stand-
still.
The Senate heard a personal ex-
change between Senator Holt (Dem-
W.Va) and Senator Minton (Dem-
Ind) in which such epithets as"liar,"
"rat," and "slacker" were common-
places.
A House hearing on the draft bill
ended, meanwhile, in a charge by
Rep. Faddis (Dem-Pa) that opposi-
tion arose from "fifth columnists"
and Nazi agents. When Faddis went
on to say that Republicans were play-
ing politics with the issue and "lead-
ing us down the same path that
France followed-to its death," mem-
bers of that party arose to enter
swift and emphatic denials.
FBI Presses Quest
For 'Fifth Columnists'
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.-(P)-
Pressing its investigation of "fifth
column" suspects, the Federal Bu-
reau of Investigation put all its field
offices on a 24-hour schedule today,
while the House passed a bill per-
mitting wire tapping by the FBI in
investigations of sabotage, treason
and espionage.
The Interstate Commission on

Crime, meanwhile, called for an in-
vestigation of what it termed the
"Nazi-Fascists' use of attaches of
legations and consulates for subver-
sive propaganda and other fifth col-
umn activities in the United States."
The Commission, reporting to the
Conference of State Officials on Fed-
eral and State Cooperation, called

Conferences on dramatics, speech
disorders, radio, and speech correc-
tion were the order of the day for
the second series of sessions of the
annual Speech Conference convening
here yesterday for visiting speech ex-
perts, students and faculty.
Prof. Louis M. Eich opened the
second conference with reports of
early and modern plays given stu-
dents on problems and studies in
reading and dramatics. Directions
for staging "Caste" by Thomas Rob-
inson, "Rip Van Winkle," "The Great
Divine," and "Pygmalion" were given
as the plays first produced.
Dr. Emil Froeschels led the discus-
sion and demonstration of speech
disorders, while Dr. Harold West-
lake of the Speech Clinic out-
lined the process of vowel formation
and showed slides of X-rays of vocal
structures important in the correc-
tion of speech disorders.
Prof. Waldo Abbot directed a dem-

dents of Professor Eich in choral
reading presented fourteen selections
which served to demonstrate the
comparatively new field of speech
and its special techniques. Prof.
R. D. T. Hollister of the speech de-
partment staged notable scenes of
Shakespeare by numerous individual
readings.
Concluding its three-day meet to-
day, the conference will be high-
lighted by the annual informal
speech luncheons which will feature
the presentation of candidates for
masters' degrees in speech and the
original surprise satire of students of
dramatics on their work and the
faculty at 12:15 p.m. in the League
Ballroom. Tickets for the luncheon
may still be obtained this morning
in the office of speech, Prof. G. E.
Densmore, director of the conference
announced.
The morning conference includes
"Fundamentals of Speech," led by
PrfccrTXnlli~c .t Qa+0n. _m i t

t
r
a
T
s

I

Peace Chapter
To Meet Today
Group Will Pick Delegates
For Anti-War Rally
The local chapter of the Commit-
tee to Defend America by Keeping
Out of War will meet at 4 p.m. today
at the First Methodist Church to
organize sending a University dele-
gation to the Emergency Peace Mob-
ilization, to be held Aug. 31 to Sept.
2, in Chicago, Edwin Burrows, Grad.,
announced last night.
The national committee, which has

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