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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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NIGHT EDITOR: KARL KESSLER
A Fair Reward ..
THE PRESIDENT'S public approval of
conscription probably will give only
slight impetus toward adoption of the Burke-
Wadsworth bill, since it was known from the
beginning that he was in favor of such a plan
ror defense of the nation.
As a matter of fact, the Senate's determina-
tion to "make haste slowly" in considering this
proposal is all to the good, so long as it does
not degenerate into procrastination. There are
some defects in the present draft that ought
to be removed lest they cause trouble later.
The Military Affairs Committee already has
limited the measure to men in the 21-to-31-year
age group. There may be a further change in
this respect, but certainly a reduction from the
original 64-year limit was in order. What point
could there be in registering men over 60?
They would be called to the colors only in the
most dire emergency. A more reasonable limit
means less red tape, less useless work, less ex-
pense and a great saving of time.
ANOTHER SECTION of the bill that needs
to be strengthened is the one that purports
to guarantee the reemployment of conscripts
after their year of training. It would be unfair
to demand that a man should sacrifice his ca-
reer and jeopardize his livelihood so that he may
ido his duty. But it will not do to say merely
that it's the intent of Congress that every man
should be re-employed."
Nor will it do to give the Labor Board the
authority to find an employer engaged in inter-
state commerce guilty of an unfair labor prac-
tice if he refuses to re-employ a man unless
"circumstances have so changed as to make it
impossible or unreasonable," as the bill now pro-
The board would be thrown into an inter-
minable series of wrangles over the meaning of
the word "unreasonable." Meanwhile, the men
mustered out of the army would have no jobs.
Further, why should this very doubtful pro-
tection be extended only to those engaged in
interstate commerce? Why force millions of
others to shift for themselves?
THE SENATE should also give consideration
to the economic status of those affected by
the draft. Obviously, wealth or the lack of it
cannot be a criterion for measuring eligibility.
It would be grossly unfair to defer one man's
service because he .is buying an automobile on
the installment plan, and to conscript another
because all his debts are paid.
But the matter is not so simple as that. High
in our national morals is the notion that it is
good citizenship for a young man to settle down
to his work, rear a family, build a house and
buy an automobile. That, in practical, concrete
form, is the American way-the very thing we
.are preparing to defend.
Foi' better or for worse, it involves incurring
certain reasonable debts. Patriotic young men,
liable for conscription, are therefore worried.
The pending legislation directs the President to
defer their training if he deems it advisable. This
is rath1er vague language, but Congress probably
will not make it much more specific. Individual
cases vary, and it would be impossible to de-
scribe all of them in a law. Inevitably some
latitude for judgment must be left to the con-
CONGRESS should, however, find a way of re-
C lieving young men of fixed charges on legiti-
mate indebtedness, and of providing for their
families. It can't be done with $21 a month. A
sort of FHA plan suggests itself. Under it, the
Government might guarantee the resumption of
their debt payments on return to civil occupa-
ions. For security; it might hold insurance pol-
The Straight Dope
Cagey Kay returns to the column with a moral form of revenge inevitably perpetrated by any
tale for all young readers, We hope you take it to group of schoolboys, hazing.
heart. It's high time it was said. gopo colos aig
Through the wiles of young girls in sympathy
By CAGEY KAY with their cause, they were able to lure their
WHEN LAST we appeared in this column we "arch-enemy" to a secluded spot along the river.
were prattling on the spur of the moment, Hidden behind masks and armed with rope,
but promised that someday we'd be back with adhesive tape and other necessary implements
a message. Today we have that message. of boyish torture, they proceeded to maul the
It is a message which we feel deeply; one lone lad into submission.
which concerns not only every youth who pays But their calculations had gone astray. They
lip service to personal independence, but also had failed to take into consideration the desper-
directly affects every parent who feigns to wield ate resistance put up by the frightened victim.
a distant protective power over these youths. What started as a prankish hazing turned into
It . a hmalicious assault. Threats of court action were
It is a tale with a moral, and to those who hinted, but three paternal pocket books loosened
would criticize our right to point a straight and and our "heroes" were saved the disgrace of a
narrow, we have this to say: we do not belong public trial.
to the' WCTU or DAR, in fact we have done a The most obvious moral and the hue and cry
bit of hell raising on our own. It is for this rea- which the average parent raises is a censure of
son that we fell particularly qualified to point the moral independence granted the younger
the moral. We consider ourselves liberal and generation. We cannot subscribe to that.
unprejudiced, and believe we have made a fad'
analysis of the problem. WE STRONGLY FEEL that independence
should be encouraged. We must learn to
AN INTERESTING EPISODE recently trans- grder our own lives, make our own decisions, for
pired in the sheltered little hamlet of Ann the sheltered, pampered child is a sorry sight
Arbor which serves as an admirable illustration when suddenly cast loose in a world of reality.
of the moral we would like to emphasize. But our plea for independence also contains a
The setting is in the upper strata of Ann Arbor corollary: with independence must come respon-
society. The actors in the tragic farce belong sibility.
to that ever-growing proportion of today's youth Too many pseudo-adults have become so im-
who feel that with the exception of papa's bank- bued with the selfish purpose of "having their
roll family ties are but a superfluous necessity. cake and eating it too," that they have com-
They are truly self-styled mature and indepen- pletely ignored the obvious, but none the less
dent individuals. deleterious effect on their own lives and per-
While tracing their own lives in their narrow sonalities.
world, these individuals, as inevitably happens If the young wish to be independent, more
power to them, but they must also learn to pay
sooner or later, clashed with someone else's little for this new found liberty. They will be sorry
destiny. Their pride was hurt: it called for a citizens indeed if all through their formative
positive revenge, so after some consultation, an years a guiding soul hovers over them, ready to
elaborate stage was set for that most obvious take care of the dirty work.
To New France
Seen Probable By Guardian
EVERYTHING tends to show that the humble
acceptance by the Petain Government of
the German armistice terms and all the efforts
it made to enforce these terms on the unvan-
quished French Navy and on the unconquered
French colonies have been in vain. So also have
been the French Government's attempts to in-
gratiate itself with Hitler by turning France
into a servile Fascist State. The Germans have
shown in the last few days more clearly even
than before that they have no intention of ad-
mitting France as a junior partner into a Euro-
pean Fascist federation.
The Nazis have clearly shown up the fallacy
of the Petain-Baudouin-Laval policy, which con-
sisted in believing that by surrendering their
country to Germany they would be allowed to
run it with what Leopold called '.relative inde-
pendence." Hitler has not rewarded them for
facilitating his task-far from it. The more
the French Government grovels, the greater
the arrogance and contempt of the German
press and wireless. The "Volkisched Beobach-
ter" warns France that she must not forget
she has been defeated.
Germany is strong enough (it says) to
curb any attempt at resistance, rebellion,
or even grumbling. This is our first and
last warning. France must not overstrain
the generosity of the conqueror.
The German decision last week to confiscate
the valuables in French banks must have been
a bitter blow to those deluded French leaders
who imagined that Hitler would -be a defender
of French capitalist interests. Germany is not
going to defend any French interests. She will
rob France of everything.
German soldiers are buying up everything in
the Paris shops with worthless notes. Reports
say that live stock is being killed indiscriminate-
ly, or removed to Germany, and that the food
reserves of France are sharing the same fate.
Museum treasures, it is reported, will be ear-
marked for transport to the museum Hitler pro-
poses to set up in Munich.
The Gestapo is said to be very active in Paris,
searching houses and arresting people. Here
17,000 arrests are said to have been made, many
of the among intellectuals. All this terror will,
no doubt, grow in intensity if and when the
Germans decide to occupy the whole of France.
There is nothing to stop them-except perhaps
the unfavorable reaction it might create in
Italy. But will that matter to Hitler?
I learn that the treatment of some of the
French war prisoners in Germany is appalling.
Many are being used as convict labor in the
Fate Of The Intellectuals
Great anxiety is felt in London for the fate
of French writers, artists, and scholars. In Po-
land these "creators of the national soul" were
among the first to be exterminated. Will not
the Nazis do the same thing in France in their
attempt to turn even France into an inert mass
of terrorized serfs?
Intellectual France, most of which was always
rebellious and non-conformist, would be in grave
danger if the Germans occupied the whole terri-
tory. Too much in French modern civilization
would be condemned by the Nazis as "degener-
ate" or "Communist" or "pluto-democratic."
Few of France's spiritual, artistic, and scien-
arrived in Lisbon, and Jules Romains in Madrid.
M. Duvivier, the film producer, is reported to
have reached America. But what of the dozens
and the hundreds of others who have made up
French civilization? To take literature only,
where are Andre Gide, whose country house is
in occupied Normandy, where is Andre Malraux,
the greatest among the young generation, and
whose republican sympathies would debar him
from even a Spanish visa? Where is Mauriac?
Where are Suarez, Claudel, Jacques Maritain,
Drieu la Rochelle, Julien Benda, Daniel Halevy,
Roger Martin du Gard? Where is St. Exupery,
the great airman and author, who after many.
new air exploits, was last seen at M. Reynaud's
office at Bordeaux?
Where are the numerous novelists? Some, like
Drieu la Rochelle, had Fascist leanings; others,
like Malraux, had Communist leanings, but they
were, above all, Frenchmen who can only rebel
against the complete submission of their country.
Many of these, men are just now living silently
in some country retreat, waiting for better times.
But will they be left in peace there by the Ger-
mans if they advance into unoccupied France-
or even by the Petain Government?
What About Artists?
And what is to happen to "degenerate" artists
like Matisse, Derain, Picasso, Dufy, Marquet,
and scores of others who stood in the first rank
of modern art in the world? For the present
one seeks these question in vain. One can only
,guess the extent of the disaster to modern civili-
zation if the Germans were to set loose the Ges-
tapo terror over the whole of French territory.
One still hopes that the French elite, at .least,
may escape to North Africa or to Portugal; but
communications are more than uncertain.
The proposed German seizure of all valuables
in the strong-rooms in the French banks in the
occupied part of France clearly shows that
France is likely to be despoiled of anything the
Germans choose to lay their hands on.
Contacts Not Broken
When the personnel of the French Embassy
leaves London in a few days' time following the
withdrawal of the Embassy by the French Gov-
ernment because of the British action against
the French -fleet, all ties will not be broken,,
France and Britain have agreed that they shall
be represented in future by diplomatic agents.
The French agent in this country will be M.
Paul Morand, who is better known, in this coun-
try at least, as a writer rather than as a diplo-
mat. M. Morand was at one time in the French
Diplomatic Service, however. He knows England
well and one of his books was about London.
Until recently M. Morand was in the French
department in London which was the liaison
with the British Ministry of Economic Warfare.
The status of the French and British diplo-
matic agents appears to create a precedent.
Ordinarily a diplomatic agent does not enjoy
diplomatic privileges, nor has he a staff. It has
been agreed between the French and British
governments, however, that their agents are to
have diplomatic immunity and privileges.
M. Morand has been appointed by the French
Government as agent for dealing with French
economic and commercial affairs in this coun-
try. He will have the functions of a Minister
plenipotentiary. In the same way the British
Government will appoint an agent belonjing
In Next Weeks
To Be Decisive
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
(Associated Press Staff Writer)
This is bound to be an uneasy week
for Britain. Time and tide, which
wait on no man, favor a German
attempt at invasion as they may not
again until next Spring.
There will be other high tides in
the English Channel and North Sea
before then, other moonless nights
and other prospective fogs to screen
a Nazi onset. Yet the time factor
will not be the same. The Septem-
ber Equinox is only six weeks away.
The Germans seem to be con-
fronted with a choice of attacking
now or waiting until next year. If
the week passes without a break in
the virtual stalemate that has en-
dured since mid June it will go far
toward convincing the world that
whatever his own desire, Hitler's gen-
erals have ruled out invasion as too
risky, until England has been "soft-
ened" by blockade.
Hints From Rome, Berlin
If that is the case-and there have
been strong hints from both Rome
and Berlin that it is-it means the
Axis military leaders view the in-
vasion problem in about the same
dubious way as do many American
naval and military men. Such of
them as have discussed the matter
with this writer in the last six weeks
believed that invasion would be the
last recourse of German strategy.
What most concerned them was whe-
ther England could hold out against
wholesale air attack (which has not
yet developed) or against prolonged
To cap that view of professional
observers there now come a more
precise expression. General Pershing
voices an emphatic public plea that
built during the World War, be turn
50 or more American destroyers, built
during the World War, be turned
over to the British to aid them in
their hour of peril by "means short
Would Take Time
It obviously would take consider-
able time to make this fleet of sea
hornets an active factor in the Battle
of Britain. Yet the former comman-
der of the American Expeditionary
Force, whose prestige and contacts
make him thoroughly familiar with
American military asd naval opinion,
I reports that it is "nearly unanimous'
in supporting the destroyer transfer.
Behind that Pershing plea clearly
lies the conclusion that a blitzkrieg
against England, if attempted during
this week of high tides and dark
nights, would be beaten off. The help
for England he urged could not pos-
sibly be made available to partici-
pate in the defense of Britain for
some weeks, yet he expressed con-
fidence that as a stop-gap until Brit-
ain's own destroyer program reaches
full production in "a few months,
the American destroyers would be of
invaluable assistance. They could be
used, he said, to "convoy merchant
ships, to escort warships and hunt
submarines and to repel invasion."
"By sending help to the British we
can still hope with confidence to keep
the war on the other side of the A-
lantic," Pershing said.
Blockade To Be Feared
And in so saying he very definitely
indicated the opinion that it was
the German air and sea blockade,
not invasion, England had most to
fear. Whether that is a correct esti-
mate of the situation, so far as Nazi
war plans are concerned, well may be
decided within this week..
Several factors would seem to sug-
gest invasion. Hitler himself is back
in Berlin from a week of recuperation
on his Bavarian mountain top, pre-
sumably ready to take the field with
his armies if an attack is ordered.
After this week the next high-tide
period will occur so close to winter
that launching a major offensive
would be unthinkable. Weather rec-
ords for the North Sea and English
Channel give them an unsavory repu-
tation before and after the Septem-
ber EquinoxI Beach landings for
troops, guns, tanks and othernheavy
equipment would be a serious under-
taking in rough seas.
And it is beach landings that make
the tides important. Much of Eng-
land's eastern coast shelves away to
deep water gradually. At high tide,
light draft craft or barges carrying
tanks or guns could be run well up
on the beach for unloading quickly
on firm sands instead of the softer
bottom farther out that might prove
Hitler recently told the Reichstag
that the German invasion of Norway
I was the most "daring" military ad-
venture in history. Attempted inva-
sion of England, unless Britons had
first been brought close to despair by
bombing and starvation, would make
the Norwegian campaign a minor op-
eration by contrast. The elements
argue for it; but every rule of mili-
tary prudence against it.
Grin And Bear It . ..
- - Y
' j'4 '"
~ ~ )
) 194v0L .o ls . .
"I know Otis is rather a boring dinner companion, but you must
remember he can't talk yet!"
WASHINGTON - Several careful "Holy smoke," broke in someone,
secret surveys made recently of Jap- "what a sweet spot for a German
and naval strength submarine! Better be careful, cap-
;anese military adnvlsrn tai
indicate that Japan can do just about Stedman smiled and no one
anything she wants in the Far East. thought any more about until later
t The reports show that the Japan- when the big liner suddenly began
1 ese Navy is in A-1 shape, and has to zigzag crazily. In the winking of
1 suffered not a bit as a result of the an eye the rumor was skyrocketing
Chinese war. The Japanese Army al- among the passengers that a U-boat
so is in good shape, though not in the was stalking the vessel.
same condition as the Navy. The Near pandemonium broke out.
Chinese war, though still not drag- Some guests, including at least one
ging on at a heavy cost, has been an senator and several congressmen,
excellent training school for the rushed to their staterooms and don-
Japanese military. ned life preservers After several min-
Chief handicap under which Japan utes of panicky confusion, the alarm
suffers is her desperate economic was dispelled by word from the
situation. Easiest remedy for this is bridge that the ship was not trying
to take the Dutch East Indies and to escape a sub.
the wealthy poissessions of the Dutch, "Only testing the engines," was
French and British in Southern Asita. the explanation. "There is no danger
This is what seems sure to happen. of any kind. Go back to your drinks."
There is no question but that the
Japanese can take French Indo- Mrry-Go-Round
r China, the Dutch possessions of Java
and Sumatra, and all the other South Few people at the Havana Con-
Pacific islands that are worth bother- ference were aware that Milo Per-
ing about, in a few weeks.
Only spot which might hold out kins, head of the Federal Surplus
is the British naval base at Singa- Commidities Corporation was there
pore, and naval experts disagree as too. He was not on the official list,
to whether the Japanese could take but he worked bhind the scenes lay-
it or not. In time, they probably could. ing the groundwork for disposal of
Everything now seems set for the hemisphere surpluses. Perkins was so
P Japanese to steam south simultan- bus he had t c
eously with the Hitler blitzkrieg the Virgin Islands. Mrs Nellie Tayloe
against Britain. Probably the Japan- Ross, Director of the Mint, has just
ese will wait until they see how thee a countrywide tour of the eight
blitzkrieg is going before they stage maeestablishments under her ontrol-
the South Pacific. mints, assay offices, and.despositor-
ies-including the gold depository at
TNT-Don't Touch Fort Knox, now bristling with ma-
Nebraska Republicans are very en- chine guns as new gold arrives from
thusiastic about Wendell Willkie, but New York. The State Department is
they want no speech by him in Mc- assisting in transmission of funds to
Cook, home town of Senator George individual Americans in France.
Norris, the State's veteran public- Checks are made out here to the
power crusader. Secretary of State, and transmitted
Such a plan was reported shortly through diplomatic channels. Hull
after Willkie arrived at his Colorado came back from Havana to find a
vacation spot, which is near McCook. freshly painted ceiling and new over-
News dispatches declared that the head lights in his office. White House
GOP standard bearer intended to photographers are now required to
beard the father of TVA right in his wear badges for identification.
own home town. But the idea did not
thrill Nebraska Republican leaders. Chicago Afterpains
They have a wholesome respect
for Norris' vote-swinging powers, re- Walter A. Jones, who is making
call vividly how four years ago in a highway history with the Pennsyl-
three-cornered race which he entered vania Turnpike from Harrisburg to
cat the last moment he polled 53 per Pittsburgh, has been resting up in a
So last week a delegation made a swanky Pittsburgh hospital after the
pilgrimage to Willkie. In the group turmoil of the Chicago convention.
were Kenneth Wherry, State Chair- Late in the evening, Jones asked
man; Hugh Butler, candidate for the rules to call the doctor unless she
senate, George Carpenter, National was not feeling well. She replied that
Committeeman, and Dwight Gris- it was after 1 p.m. and it was against
wold, candidate for governor. They the rules to call the doctor unless she
received a cordial welcome and dis- could state definitely what the
cussed a number of subjects, promi- trouble was.
nent among which was a strong ar- "I have a pain in my left leg,"
gument as to why Willkie should replied Jones.
NOT make in speech in McCook. "Oh, the left leg," replied the nurse.
It was pointed out that Norris is 'Well, he can't come. He never con-
not up for re-election this year, that siders anything but the right leg
he is busy in Washington and not after nine o'clock,"
likely to take an active part in the
Nebraska campaign unless baited in- Harry L. Hopkins
to it. And they vigorously counselled
that this be avoided if possible. There was one piece of advice
"There is no need stirring up Nor- the Democratic National Committee
is if we don't have to," advised State group gave the President when they
Chairman Wherry. "He can cause a conferred with him last Thursday. It
was short and snappy, "Keep Hop-
Submarine Scare kins out of the campaign."
This was not the first time Roose-
The shipload of congressional and velt had been told this since the
other guests had a gala time on the noise - some Chicago convention,