THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, JULY 20,1939
Aspects Of The Struggle In China
Dr. George B. Cressey Says Geographic Factors Should Prolong War
Being Staged By Japan In China
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NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT MITCHELL
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the
It was clear from the beginning that China
could not win a military victory from Japan, but
it is now becoming clear also that neither can
Japan win a military victory from China, Dr.
George B. Cressey of the department of geology
and geography at Syracuse University and visit-
ing professor in the Institute of Far Eastern
Studies, claimed in a lecture yesterday.
"The war came two or three years too soon
By HARRY M. KELSEY
"They don't understand," says Thornton Wild-
er in "Our Town" of people, in general and in
particular. "They don't understand. They spend
and waste time as though they had a million
How true, and yet-what a rather odd way to
look upon this life of ours. Although we have
only one to spend, if every moment were spent
in doing all that could be done in that moment,
how horribly tired we'd be of it all by the end.
It's bad enough as it is.
However rustic the philosophy of "Our Town"
might be, and after all it is the philosophy of
our town, a small village in New Hampshire, it
is thought-provoking, and it is moving, and more
than one pair of eyes were red, more than one
pair of cheeks were damp and more than one
stray tear was hastily wiped away before the
lights went on after the final act last night.
Our town's philosophy was expounded in the
words of the dead, for yes, dead men do speak
and dead men do tell tales-in a Wilder play;
and in the words of the stage manager, Whit-
ford Kane, past master of the fine art of win-
ning an audience and stealing a show.
I may as well confess right now, before going
any further, that I am about to break a Daily
tradition. For the first time to my knowledge,
The Daily will print, in two consecutive weeks,
two favorable, play reviews. From Whitford
Kane, the infallable, down to the last member
of the choir there was hardly a fault to find,
hardly an error in lines, and one superb piece
of acting followed another.
To mention each actor individually would be
a great mistake, for space would not permit
comment on all and there's no drawing the
line at which character to stop with. Suffice to
say, Truman Smith as Mr. Webb, the editor,
ran Kane a close second; June Madison as
Mrs. Gibbs and Claribel Baird as Mrs. Webb
we;e excellent; Mary Pray as Emily Webb de-
serves special mention; Everett S. Cortright and
John Schwarzwalder as father and son, Mr.
and George Gibbs respectively, and-but what's
Remarkable is the use of the entire house to
supplement a scenery-less stage: questions are
asked from the gallery, the aisles are used as
church aisles in the wedding scene-and on the
stage, what could be more fitting for a second-
story scene than to have the actors perched oi'
step-ladders. Sound effects, especially in the
first act; Editor Webb, with nothing in his
hands, mowed his lawn with realistic hum and
clatter. Paper boy George Shapiro as Joe
Crowell throws nothing out of his hand to land
with a resounding smack on the non-existent
Realistic, too, though unapparent, was the
tall butter-nut tree and the white fence, to say
nothing of main street and the Baptist church
-near the water, of course.
standing by and letting the bully walk off with
No, American boys do not have to die for dear
old democracy, and they will not have to suffer
in the trenches to stop Hitler or to pave the
way for the Third International. All we have
to dp is make it easy for the victims of aggres-
sion to buy at will, with cash, in this country,
and forbid aggressors to do the same. The de-
feated bill would have permitted this. Possibly
by the time Congress adjourns again, war-mind-
ed maniacs in Europe will have realized the dis-
advantages of small nations around them, and
stepped in after preliminary flag-waving and
shouting of racial slogans. We sincerely hope
not, but the responsibility rests upon those
legislators we elected.
-Harry L. Sonneborn
FURTHER DEBATE and discussion of
the proposed neutrality legislation
that has meant headlines for several weeks
would simply result in a prolonged stalemate.
That is the decision of Congress, speaking
through its Senate majority and minority lead-
ers. The august body will now exit right, and
there will be no fourth act. The epilogue was
Tuesday night's dramatic conference in the
Meanwhile, forces in Europe and Asia move
toward possible war-not probable war, be-
cause two weeks ago Lloyd's of London were
offering odds of 39 to one against troops actu-
ally marching, and as long as the odds are that
high, nothing can be called probable. But there'
is always the possibility that Herr Hitler may
threaten Danzig, and in that case Poland's
armies will not hesitate.
What will happen when/if this eventuality
becomes actuality? Under the present laws
governing the neutrality of the United States,
no arms, no ammunition, no trucks, nothing
defined as "munitions" would be shipped from
this country to either country involved in a
What that would mean to Poland, for example,
is readily shown by what it has already meant
to Spain. Congress was quick to recognize that
a state of war existed in the strife-torn penin-
sula, and so the United States' resources were
closed to both ,factions. This did not mean that
both factions suffered. Germany and Italy were
4penly supplying the armies of General Franco
with airplanes, guns, and ammunition, and, not
so openly, with men. Russia, it has been charged,
was aiding the Loyalists; but to what extent it
is difficult to say.
The difficulty here cannot be solved by im-
partiality. Today the peace of the world -'is
menaced by nations arming at a greater rate
than ever before. All nations are arming. But
those who will ignite, the spark are those which
are better prepared than their victims; that
is nothing more than. discretion and it is true
of practically every conflict that has ever been
fought. In such a case, impartiality means simply
for China," he told his audience, "but at the same
time came two or three years too late for Japan."
Therefore, there is the probability that the con-
flict will continue for a number of years in the
future, he indicated.
Speaking on "Geographical Aspects of the
Struggle in China," Dr. Cressey compared the
geography of China with that of the United
States, and, to give his listeners a full realization
of the Chinese areas under Japanese control,
he situated the scenes of the conflict in cor-
responding American locales.
Japan, he psaid accordingly, would by now
have taken New England and have penetrated
the South to about West Virginia. At the present
time, Dr. Cressey indicated, Japan would be
attempting to fight her way across the Ohio
River near Cincinnati. The University would
probably be acting as host to guest universities
including Harvard, Yale and Princeton and be
thinking of moving to Mt. Pleasant or some
such other less conspicuous spot to continue
operations, he suggested.
China, the lecturer declared, has only one
asset, space, and to win or prolong the engage-
ment can continue her policy of exchanging this
space, of which she has plenty, for time. Further
advances into Chinese territory, he explained,
must be made into hilly or arid country where
military operations are much more difficult.
Dr. Cressey showed a map of China on which
were indicated population centers and distribu-
tion, commenting on the extremely great number
of people inhabiting the country. "China's popu-
lation problem is not one of distribution, as this
map may seem to show," he related, emphasizing
the fact that the sparsely inhabited areas were
uninhabitable mountainous or desert lands.
"China is a patchwork of the old and the
new," the lecturer asserted. He described ex-
amples of primitive peasant huts built in the
shadow of modern factories, and of the spinning
of thread by hand directly across the river from
where huge mills operated.
Prof. H. H. Bartlett Describes Interesting
Effects Of Cannibalism On Island Civilization.
A glimpse of a spirit-ridden equatorial island
whose natives are haunted by the" ghosts of can-
nibal ancestors was unfolded in word and slide
yesterday by Prof. H. H. Bartlett of the Botany
Department in a lecture on "Man and Nature in
It was a strange picture he painted of a land
whose people were cannibals only 30 years ag
who not only devoured human flesh but sold it
on the market, who once practiced wierd human
sacrifices of which the relics and traces still
Everywhere is reflected the worship of the
dead which the nat ives practiced in primitive
superstition-in the graves which they build into
their wooden houses, in the bones of their an-
cestors who moulder there, in the charms and
symbols which they use to ward off evil spirits,
in the strange funeral rites, in the homes which
they build for the ghosts of the departed and the
facilities which they provide for their comfort.
Elaborately carved grave posts are engraved
with the symbols of centuries ago when Bhud-
dism penetrated to the island, Professor Bartlett
pointed out. Today Mohammedanism is making
some inroad on the native religion and the con-
verts' fear of their ancestor's wrath leads them
to "imprison" their spirits in objects such as
staffs and place them out of way.
Yet the setting for all this was once one of
the most beautiful stretches of jungles in the
world,, blooming luxuriantly on a coral island
whose western volcanic mountains and eastern
lowlands were kissed by the blue waters of the
Today, however, the beautiful jungles have
yielded to tobacco and tea plantations, the
former producing the best tobacco in the world.
Terraced rice, fields, of brilliant green at first,
ripen into golden yellow landscapes of surpass-
ing beauty, Professor Bartlett described.
In size, the island of Sumatra, one of the
world's largest, approximates California. Its
climate is tropical with rainy afternoons blos-
soming into beautiful nights.
Dr. C. H. Andrewes, member of the Medical
Research Council of the National Institute for
Medical Research in Hamstead, England, gave
the first of a series of three lectures yesterday
on viruses entitled "The Nature and Properties
of Viruses" in the East Medical Building.
Many viruses have been discovered recently, so
that the number of pathogenic viruses to date
exceeds the number of pathogenic bacteria, he
said. Great economic losses to stock-breeders,
potato and sugar cane growers have been due
to virus diseases.
Dr. Andrewes stated that it is much easier
to tell what viruses do than to tell what they are.
In relation of virus to host an important prob-
lem in the study of viruses is the nature in
which they are transmitted from one host to
another. This may be brought about by droplet
infection from the mouth and nose, as in the
case of influenza; by direct contact; by gym-
nasium apparatus; warts, or insect vectors.
The latter are perhaps the most important
mode of transmission. A well known example of
this is found in the case of the yellow fever
and equine encephalitix, where the virus is
mechanically carried for an extrinsic incubation
c own & Qownj
By STAN M. SWINTON
DEAR MR. SWINTON:
As a preliminary observation might
I say that your typewriters stutter.
But the point upon which I wish to
elaborate is the subject of your Mr.
Kelsey's miraculousbversatility. As
city editor of The Daily you probably
know Mr. Kelsey. He works for you.
At any rate, his control over the
imponderables of time and space is
marVelous. Did you, as city editor of
The, Daily, notice he was visible on
Campus at the same time that The
Daily contained those lively and de-
scriptive dispatches from himton
board the S.S. Something-Or-Other
en route to Buffalo?
With this man's ability to sur-
mount the obstacles of time and space
The Daily should be the foremost
news-organ in the world. Will you, as
city editor of The Daily, not have
him forecast Reichsfuehrer Hitler's
next enterprise and write us eye-wit-
ness accounts of the feverish activity
in Ulan Bator, headquarters of
Russian projects against the Jap-
anese. Come, Mr. Swinton. In not
making greater use of this reporter's
exceptional talents you are failing in
your duty to yourself, as city editor of
The Daily, and to the reading public.
Believe me, faithfully yours,
The above was inserted into our
mailbox anonymously although we
strongly suspect that Willis Player,
columnist for the Ann Arbor News,
was the author. We called our Mr.
Kelsey into the inner sanctum and
he confessed all.
"Why," he said, "should I let such
a fine imagination go to waste. Any-
way I got my just deserts."
We questioned him on the point.
It turned out that W. K. Kelsey, his
father and author of the excellent
"Commentator" column in the Detroit
News, comes out weekly and gives
Harry his allowance. Last week he
saw The Daily story early in the
morning, fondly imagined his son was
basking in Niagara Falls spray and
didn't bother to stick around and pay
off, leaving a hungry and premature-
Big Ed Frutig, All-Conference
end on Michigan's football team,
deserves a rousing vote of thanks.
Ed guessed what it would mean
to Fred Janke, captain of last
year's team, if he were invited to
play in the All-Star game. En-
thusiastically he went to work,
writing dozens of letters and
spending long hours mimeo-
graphing petitions. Result: Janke
is assured of a place on the squad.
And Ed is two weeks behind in
his school work but thinks it's
* * *
INCIDENTAL SPORTS NOTE:
The Mr. Janke referred to above is
coaching the Camp A-GonQuin
baseball team. Mr. Ralph Heikkinen,
All-American Michigan guard, is
coaching the nearby Camp Charle-
voix Team. Recently the two teams
met. Janke writes friends his boys
were nosed out, 17 to 2. He's praying
the news doesn't reach Jackson,
where he's to coach next year.
of propagation in the body. Yellow
fever and dog distemper are trans-
mitted from one tissue of the body
to another by the blood stream, while
in the case of Poliomyelitis the virus
probably travels from the nose to the
olfactory nerve, thence to the brain.
The pathological changes produced
are those of necrosis and proliferation
of the cells. Certain virus diseases
give various pictures in the cell which
enables one to identify the disease.
Again virus diseases followed by bac-
terial infection may often produce a
complicated disease picture.
The power of variation and adap-
tation is another outstanding char-
acteristic of viruses. If one takes a
virus from one host and infects an-
other, the virus changes its charac-
teristics. Yellow fever virus growfn
in the brain of a mouse produces a
variant virus which can be used for
vaccines in man.
Attempts to cultivate viruses on
cell free media have been in vain.
Thus far viruses have been cultivated
only on embryonic tissue, serum or
plasma, and the chick embryo.
The second division of Dr. Andrewes
lecture dealt with properties of vir-
uses as things in themselves. The
size of viruses can be determined by
the following methods; by photo-
graphs using ultra-violet light, by
collodion filters and by the ultra-
centrifuge. The latter is by far the
most satisfactory method for optain-
ing relatively pure viruses. Stanley
proved quite conclusively that a virus
can exist in a crystalline form-such
as tobacco-mosaic virus. Since they
can be crystallized, show no metabo-
lism and are as small as the blood
pigment in cells, it is believed by
some that they are minute definite
substances rather than organisms.
Still others believe that viruses may
be in nature of an "auto-catalytic
protein"-a self reproducing enzyme.
S University H. S. Building,
Room 1012, Physics Lab.
July 19, 20 & 21
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Summer Session until 3:30 p.m.;:11:00 a.m. Saturday.
THURSDAY, JULY 20, 1939
International Center. The Russian
Tea which was announced for to-
day, will be omitted because
of ProfessorhCressey's lecture on
Mongolia. The Chinese tea held
regularly on Fridays will also be
omitted this week because of prep-
arations for the Ice Cream Festival.
The Weekly Physical Education
Luncheon will be held this noon
in Room 116 of the Michigan
Union. Prof. E. D. Mitchell will
be the speaker. All students en-
rolled in physical education classes
are cordially invited to attend.
Linguistic Institute Luncheon at
12:10 p.m., today, in the Mich-
igan Union. Dr. Charles F.
Hockett will speak on "Accentual
Systems and Trager's Law."
The following films will be shown
in the Architectural Auditorium free
from 2 until 4 p.m. today.
Program in biology and nature
Animals in Modern Life
Digestion of Foods
Food and Growth
The Carbon Oxygen Cycle
Lecture, "Issues of National Signifi-
cance Emphasized at the San Fran-
cisco Convention of the National Ed-
ucation Association" will be given by
Frank Hubbard, Acting Director of
the Research Division of the Na-
tional Education Association, at
4:05 p.m. this afternoon, in the
University High School Auditorium.
Lecture, "Viruses in Relation to
New Growths" by Dr. C. H. Andrewes,
Medical Research Council, National
Institute for Medical Research,
Hampstead, London, England. Dr.
Andrewes will speak at 4:15 p.m. this
afternoon in Room 1528, East Medi-
Mathematics Club will meet this af-
ternoon, 4:15 p.m. in 3017 A.H. Prof.
Hildebrandt will speak on "Patho-
logical Functions" and Professor
Dwyer will speak on "Methods for
Obtaining the Numerical Solution of
Simultaneous Equations, the Numeri-
cal Evaluation of Determinants, of
Determinantal Ratios, and of Linear
Forms." All those interested are in-
vited to attend.
Stalker Hall. Swimming party and
picnic, today, leaving Stalker
Hall at 5 p.m. Small charge for sup-
per. Please call 6881 before Thurs-
day noon for reservation.
Lecture, "The Mental Health of
Teachers" will be presented by Dr.
Paul H. Jordan in the Lecture Hall
of the Ra*ham Building at 5 p.m.
Bridge Lessons this evening at the
Michigan League at 7:30 p.m.
Cercle Francais: The Cercle Fran-
cais will meet tonight at 8:00 at the
Foyer Francais, 1414 Washtenaw. The
program will consist of two brief
talks, the first by Mme. Williams on
"Quelques Influences Francaises en
Amerique," the second by M. John
Alden on "Les Romans d'Andre
Refreshments and singing will close
Graduation Recital. Kelvin Masson,
violinist, will give a recital leading to
the degree of Master of Music,
this evening at 8:15 p.m. in the
School of Music Auditorium on May-
NOW! TWO FEATURES!
A COMEDY IN TECHNICOLOR WITH
nard Street. Myron Myers will play
the piano accompaniments. The
public is invited.
"Our Town" by Thornton Wilder
will be presented by the Michigan
Repertory Players this evening at
8:30 in the Lydia Mendelssohn The-
Doctor's Degree in Speech: All ap-
plicants and candidates for the Doc-
tor's Degree in Speech should call
at the Speech Office, 3211 Angell
Hall, on July 20 or 21 and arrange
for an appointment with the Gradu-
ate Committee of the Department.
G. E. Densmore.
Band Concert. The University Sum-
mer Session Concert Band under the
direction of Professor , William D.
Revelli, in cooperation with the com-
mittee in charge of raising funds for
Chinese war sufferers, will give a
concert in Hill Auditorium, Friday
evening, July 21, at 7:45 o'clock. The
general public is invited.
Piano Concert. Robert Moss, pian-
ist, pupil of Joseph Brinkman of the
School of Music faculty, will give a
recital in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Master of Mu-
sic degree, Friday evening, July 21,
at 8:15 o'clock in the School of Music
Auditorium. The general public is
invited to attend.
The Rackham Record Concert will
be held as usual, Saturday at 3 p.m. in
the Men's Lounge. The records will
pain be furnished by J. W. Peters
/and Howard Hoving. The program
will be as follows: Symphony Num-
ber 40' in G minor, Mozart; Violin
Concerto, Mendelssohn (Yehudi
Menuhin); Symphony Number Four,
Graduate Outing .Club will have a
picnic at the University of Michigan
Fresh Air Camp at Patterson Lake
on Sunday, July 23. As this will be
between camp seasons, the water-
front facilities, diving boards, raft,
etc., will be at our disposal. There is
a good baseball diamond and lovely
woods for hiking. There will be a
campfire sing in the evening. The
group will meet at 2:30 at the north-
west entrance of the Rackham build-
ing. All graduate students and fac-
ulty members are cordially invited.
Charge 40 cents. Transportation will
be by car, and all those who own cars
are urged to bring them. Drivers
will be repaid for their expenses.
There will be a meeting regardless of
Campus Vesper: Professor Bennett
Weaver will address the Second Ves-
per of the Summer Session of 1939
in the Rackham Lecture Hall, 8 p.m.
Sunday, upon "The Function of Cul-
ture in our Democracy." Congrega-
tional singing under the direction of
Professor David Mattern. Miss Leah
Lichtenwalter will sing "Agnus Dei."
L.S. and A. Juniors now eligible for
concentration should get Admission
to Concentration blanks at Room 4,
University Hall, immediately. These
blanks must be signed by the adviser
and the white slip returned to Room
4, U.H., at once.
Notice to Seniors. Seniors expect-
ing to teach in the state of New York
are notified that the examination in
French, German, Spanish, and Itali-
(Continued on Page 3)
u1~JI4! I [&~PI
Physics Symposium, Prof.
John A. Wheeler of Princeton University
Physics Symposium, Prof. E. J. Williams, University of Wales
(Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
"Accentual Systems and Trager's Law," Dr. Charles F. Hockett at
Linguistics Institute Luncheon (Union).
Institute of Latin-American Studies luncheon and conference on
literature of Latin America (Union).
Organization meeting, Conference on Latin-American Literature
(East Conference Room, Rackham Building).
"Mongolia, Where Three Empires Meet," Far Eastern Institute
lecture by Dr. George B. Cressey, Department of Geology and
Geography, Syracuse University (Amphitheatre, Rackham Building)
"Issues of National Significance Emphasized at the San Francisco
Convention of the National Education Association," by Frank Hub-
bard of the National Education Association (University High
"Viruses in Relation to New Growths," lecture by Dr. C. H. Andrewes
of the Medical Research Council of the National Institute for Medi-
cal Research, Hamstead, England (Room 1528 East Medical
Mathematics Club meeting, talks by Prof. Theophil H. Hildebrandt
and Prof. Paul S. Dwyer of the mathematics department (Room
3017 Angell Hall).
"The Mental Health of Teachers" by Dr. Paul H. Jordan (Lecture