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July 20, 1939 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1939-07-20

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Weather
Fair today; tomorrow partly
cloudy and warmer.

LL

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

Editorial
Neutrality
Versus Impartiality ...

VOL.:

...

No. 21

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 20, 1939

PRICE FIVE (

it

less Mend

DanzijCommissioner

Be Granted

Credit
oh RFC

President Plans Broadened
Authority For Agency
To Grant New Loans
Amendment Added
To The Lending Bill
WASHINGTON, July 19. -('P)-
Senators Wagner and Mead, New
York Democrats, announced after a
White House conference today that
President Roosevelt had agreed to
expansion of his lending program to
provide broadened authority for the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
to insure business, loans having a
"reasonable prospect" of repayment.
Mead introduced the proposition as
an amendment to the Administra
tion's lending bill shortly after con-
ferring with the Chief Executive, Ad-
ministrator Jesse Jones of the Fed-
eral Lending Agency and Chairman
Emil Schram of the RFC. The amend-
ment povides that, when capital or
credit at "reasonable rates" is not
readily available, the RFC shall have
authority to insure up to 100 per
cent of loans made by banks and
other lending institutions to business
enterprises.
Advocated Campaign
All four of the President's visitors
joined in a statement saying Mr.
Roosevelt had advocated an educa-
tional campaign, like that conducted
by the Federal Housing Adminis-
tration in the home-building field, to
"bring home to banks, insurance com-
panies, finance companies and other
lending institutions what the RFC
will do in the way of insuring current
and long-term loans to business and
and to bring :home to business e ,
regardless of the sizeof thei bsi
ness, what their local banks and.lend-
ing institutions can do to meet the
credit needs."
Communicates With Ecces
Simultaneously, Mead told report-
ers that he was communicating with
Chairan Marriner Eccles of the
Federal Reserve Board regarding an-
other proposed amendment to the
lending bill which he said would
make available approximately $270,-
000,000, for loans to business by the
Federal Reserve Banks.
French Cerele
To Meet Today
FAith Williams, John Alden
To Address Members
Mrs. Faith Williams and John El-
lot Alden, members of the Cercle
Francais, will be the speakers at the
weekly meeting of that club to be
held at 8 p.m. today in the French
House, 1414 Washtenaw Ave.
Mrs. Williams will speak on "Quel-
ques Influences Francais en Amer-
ique." She is a member of the French
department of Hofstra College;
Hempstead, N.Y. Alden, a graduate
student in library science, will discuss
"Les Romans d'Andre Chamson."
Chamson is a contenporary writer of
local color novels laid in the Ceven-
nes Mountains of France. He is a
descendant of a Hugenot family liv-
ing in those mountains and is well
acquainted with the locality.
To Hold Dinner
For xhibitors
Frank Cody, T. H. Quigley
To Speak, At Program

An Exhibitors' Dinner, for repre-
sentatives . of the firms displayingj
textbooks during this week in the
University Laboratory Schools and
for students and members of the fac-
ulty of the School of Education, will
be held at 6 p.m. today in the Union.
Speakers will be Dr. Frank Cody,
superintendent of the Detroit Public
Schools, and Prof. Thomas H. Quig-
ley of the Georgia School of Tech-
nology and a visiting member of the
faculty of the University.

Dr. Carl Burckhardt (above), as
League of Nations high commis-
soner for Danzig, occupies a
troubled zone between German and
Polish disputants. Hitler calls him
"most tactful of men." Observers
agree he needs to be.
Large Crowd
Is An ticipated
At outdoor Fete
Ice Cream Festival Funds
To Bring Medical Aid
To Suffering Chinese
With the opening night of the gi-
ant ice cream festival to raise funds
for medical aid to China only a day
away, members of the committee in
charge predict a total attendance of
more than 5,000 Friday and Satur-
day nights.
Plans advanced a step further yes-
terday with announcement by Beth
O'Roke, president of the League,
that proceeds from the League dances
this weekend will be adde' to festival
receipts.
Tickets for -"The 400 Million," Jor-
is Ivens' and John Ferno's award-
winning screen document tecing the
history' of China's struggle for free-
dom, will go on sale on campus today.
The film will- be presented at 7:45
p.m. Saturday in Hill Auditorium in
connection with the festival. Admis-
sion is 25 cents.
The tickets will be available on
the diagonal, at the engiteering arch,
in University Hall and Angell Hall,
in the Law Quadrangle and at the
Union and League.
Frederic March speaks the com-
mentary for the film, which has won
universal critical acclaim.
Plans for the festival are practical-
ly complete, committee members re-
ported yesterday. The Summer Ses-
sion band will present a concert at
7:45 p.. Friday in Hill Auditorium
with "The 400 Million" to be given
at the same time Saturday.
Mangy Students
See Old Vllage
On Excursion
The colonial settings of Greenfield
Village at Dearborn were the scene
of the seventh Summer' Session ex-
cursion, held yesterday from 1 to 6
p.m., and attended by 36 students.
The group had nearly three hours
to inspect the typical American village
of four-score-years-ago that Henry
Ford has, after years of collecting,
constructed in Dearborn. Surround-
ing the village green they saw the
white steepled church, old colonial-
style town hall, red-brick school
house, tavern, general store, post-
office, toll-gate station, tintype gal-
lery, where members of the group
had tintypes made, and the black-
smith's and cobbler's shops.
The next excursion, to be held Sat-
urday, will be to Jackson Prison, in-
stead of to the General Motors Prov-
ing Grounds, as originally scheduled.
Reservations should be made in the
Summer Session office before 5 p.m.
tomorrow.
Carillon Concert
Carillon concert, 7:30 p.m. to-
day. Sydney F. Giles, carillonneur.
Prelude ............ ..J. S. Bach
Songs-
Long, Long Ago .....T. H. Bayly
My Old Kentucky Home . . .Foster
Compositions for the Carillon-

Eliott, Woody
Address Meet
For Educators
Describe Work Of State's
Department; Ask More
ExperienceEmphasis
Dr. Frank Hubbard
To Give Talk Today
Pleading for the development of a
rich background of experience for
putting meaning and understanding
into the materials encountered in
reading by pupils, FProf. Clifford
Woody of the School of Education
yesterday pointed out that students,
in reading materials, interpret the
contents in terms of their past ex-
periences. These function not only in
the proper interpretation of the read-
ing but also in such fashion as to
give many students the wrong mean-
ing.
Professor Woody spoke before an
audience of the Educational Confer-
ence being conducted this week by
the School of Education.
He asserted that the outstanding
sin in American education from the
primary grades to the graduate school
is verbalism. Indicating that entirely
too much of the learning in the ele-
mentary school and high school con-
sists in being able to repeat the words
without adequate knowledge of the
experience for which these symbols
stand, he stated that such learning
was very similar to the learning of
nonsense syllables, and was hard to
master and easily forgotten.
Enumerates Attempts
In the latter part of his lecture,
Professor Woody enumerated many
attempts which he had been making
to measure size and richness of
vocabulary as indicatiens of the stu-
dent's breadth of experience.
At the evening session, Dr. Eugene
B. Elliott, State Superintendent of
Public Instruction,.spoke on "Select-
ed Activities of the.State Department
of PuIic Instructkn "
The major objective of the State
Depart ent'shprogram for the en-
suing year, he stated, is to induce
local school districts to conduct a
program of educational improvement
looking toward a more effective rela-
tionship between the school and the
youth it serves. Responsibility for
the program, he pointed out, rests
with both the state and the local
school district. .
Financial Problems Weighty
Financial problems will also be of
major importance, he stated. Dr.
Elliott emphasized the facts that all
districts are not equally affected by
the financial losses of the last dec-
ade, that local economic and social
conditions represent wide ranges of
difference and that meeting present
eurtailed finances also shows vari-
ous methods of facing the problem.
In the final analysis, he asserted,
it is the people who determine the
amount and kind ofeducation they
want for their children. He asked
that a new emphasis be made in inter-
preting the schools to the public and
in turn the public to the schools.
Today's program is featured by a
lecture at 4 ,p.m. in the University
High School auditorium on "Issues of
National Significance Emphasized at
the San Francisco Convention of the
(Continued on Page 4)
Roosevelt Asks
Refugee Meet

Representatives Of Five
Nations To Convene
LONDON, July 19.-(iP)-President
Roosevelt, in a new effort to solve
Europe's refugee problem, today in-
vited officers of the Intergovernment-
al Committee on Refugees to meet
him in a two-day conference at the
Whte Vouse the first week in Septem-
ber.
The invitation was conveyed to
representatives of Britain, France,
Brazil, Argentina and the Nether-
lands by Myron C. Taylor, the Ameri-
can delegate, at a meeting of the
committee in the Locarno Room of
the Foreign Office.
Officers of the committee come
from those five countries and the/
United States. Acceptance of the in-
vitation is expected as soon as the
officers obtain approval of their gov-
ernments.

Programs On
Latin-America
ResearchOpen
Leading Scholars In Field
To Take Part In Three'
Weekend Conferences
Panel On Literature'
Will Be Held Today,
One of the feature sections of thes
program of the Institute of Latin-i
American Studies will be opened herei
today when members of the Institutei
and prominent visitorsgather to takec
part in the Conference on Problems
in the Study of the Literature of Lat-
in-America. .
Tomorrow and Saturday delegates)
from libraries and institutions overI
the country will attend sessions ofs
the Conference on Bibliography and
Research Materials in the Field of
Latin-American Studies, and on
Monday and Tuesday the Institute
is sponsoring a Conference on Land
Tenure and Agricultural' Systems.
Leading Scholars Here
Today's meetings have brought
some of the outstanding scholars in;
the United States dn the subject of1
the language and literature of Latin
America to Ann Arbor. These men,
with Prof. Arturo Torres-Rioseco of
the University of California as lead-
er of the program, 'will discuss openj
problems in need of investigation in
the field of Latin-American litera-
ture and will consider problems in
the teaching and research of Latin-
American literature and language.
One of the important objectives is
to stimulate attention on Latin-
American literature in the teaching
of the Romance Languages.. 3.
To Open With Luncheon
The Conference will open with a
luncheon at 12:30 p.m. in the Union,
to which all members of the Institute
have been invited. At 3 p.m. an or-
ganization meeting will be held in
the East Conference Room of the
Rackham Building, and the main
session will take place at: 8' pim. in
the Rackham Amphitheatre. This is
open to all members of the Institute.,
Among the leaders from outside the
University who will take part in the
program are, besides Professor
Torres-Rioseco, Prof. Sturgis E.
Leavitt of the University of North
Carolina, Dr. Irving Leonard of
Rockefeller Foundation, Prof. Ruth
Sedgwick of Mt. Holyoke College,
Prof. F. B. Luquiens of Yale Univer-
sity, and Prof. Roberto Brenes Mesen
1 of Northwestern University.
Prof. Delwyn Ratcliff of the Uni-
versity of Cincinnati will participate,
as will Prof. J. o. Swain of the Uni-
versity of Tennessee, Prof. Stuart
Cuthbertson of the University of
Colorado, Prof. Virgil Warren of
(Continued on Page 4)
Free City Police
Seize Socialists
Charge Treason In Purge
Of Nazi Opponents
FREE CITY OF DANZIG, July 19.
-(IP)-Danzig's new political police,
the Free City's counterpart of the
German Gestapo, today smashed
what Nazis described as a ring of
"Socialist dynamiters."
The purge to crush remnants of
any opposition to the local Nazi gov-
ernment coincided with announce-
ment that the police force had been

increased to about 4,000 men on ac-
tive duty.
Police said that 20 "Marxists" had
been jailed on charges of treason.
Officers were so confident that all
opposition had been overcome that
they declared only three more men
actively hostile to the Nazi plan for
reuniting Danzig with Germany were
still at large.
Authorities said the arrested So-
cialists were die-hards who refused
to recognize changed conditions when
the Nazis became dominant in 1933.
They asserted they had evidence the
Socialists conspired to bomb bridges
and public buildings in event of a
clash with Poland.
Scherdt Will Sing
At ASUTonight
Erwin Scherdt, prominent vocalist,
will give a concert at 8 p.m. today in
Room 304 of the Union at a meeting

'Best Summer
Session Band'
Revelli States
The Summer Session Band which
will play at a concert in Hill Audi-
torium from 7:15 to 8:45 p.m. tomor-
row, in conjunction with the ice
cream social to raise funds for
Chinese medical aid, is "the finest
Summer Session Band we have yet
had at the University," in the words
of Prof. William D. Revelli, conduc-
tor.
"It is a perfectly balanced organi-
zation," Professor Revelli said. In-
cluding 120 pieces, the majority of
its members are directors of high
school bands, and the remainder ares
music teachers, superintendents, andi
other students in the Summer Ses-
sion.
Representatives of 37 states are in-
cluded in the organization, Professor
Revelli stated, from as far west as
California, as far south as Floridat
and Texas, and as far east as New
York and the New England states.1
The band meets daily for practice
at the Perry School in Ann Arbor,
Professor Revelli's absence to teach
in the East during the first two
weeks of August will' be filled by
Frank Simon, nationally known band
leader and trumpeter, who was for
years a solo cornetist with John
Philip Sousa's band, a member of
the Armco Band, and since has at-
tained a place of distinction among
American conductors.
The band's concert tomorrow will
be held rain or shine, Professor
Revelli said, whether or not the social
is postponed because of inclement
weather.
Mental Health'
Of Teachers Is
Lecture Topic
Dr. Paul Jordan To Speak'
Today As Part Of Seriesi
In Rackham Building
Dr. Paul H. Jordan, psychiatrist in
the Michigan Child Guidance Insti-
tute and member of the staff of the
psychiatry department, will speak on
"The Mental Health of Teachers"
at 5 p.m. today in the Rackham Au-
ditorium.
Dr. Jordan's talk will deal with the
importance of the emotional stability
of the teacher and its effect on the
child. He w.will discuss the various
factors that may affect the teacher's
emotional adjustment and will offer
suggestions as to how to make the
best adjustments.
Dr. Jordan came to the University
last year and became a member of
the staff of the Child Guidance In-
stitute at its inception. He is a
graduate of the medical school of the
University of Iowa and served pre-
viously at the Worcester Child Guid-
ance Clinic in Worcester, Mass. This
organization is sponsored by the
Community Chest of that city and by
the Worcester State Hospital.
Rev. W. E. Cole Speaks
On Station WJR Today
The Rev. Walton E. Cole of Toledo
will speak at 9 p.m. today over station
WJR on the Subject "Defending
Ourselves Against Propaganda." Rev-
erend Cole will also speak at the mass
meeting Sunday, at Naval Armory in
Detroit. His topic will be "Hitler Over
America." Part of the address will be
broadcast from 9 to 9:30 p.m.
Both broadcasts are sponsored by
the Unitarian Fellowship for Social
Justice, an organization over 30 years

old.

Prof. Bouchard Admits
Power Of Printed Word
By ROY SIZEMORE
CAMP DAVIS, Wyo., July 18.-Di-
rector Harry Bouchard walked into
a study hall last week where a sur-
veying party was working on earth-
work computations and mumbled
something under his breath about
"wanting to borrow a book."
He looked around more or less9
furtively for a moment then foundl
the desired volume. It was a copy1
of Bouchard's Surveying, text in
University surveying courses.
Fifth Annual
Reihgious Meet
Begins Sunday
Near East As Crossroads
Of Different Creeds Is
Conference Theme
Five series of events are listed on
the program of the Fifth Annual
Conference on Religion which will
be held here next week. The meet.
which begins Sunday, is titled'"'The
Near East, Where Religions Meet."
The daily luncheon series, to be
held at 12:15 p.m. in the Union, fea-
tures a guest speaker every day. Prof.
George Michaelides, Dr. Paul Har-
rison, Prof. William H. Worrell and
Rabbi James Heller are listed on thea
program.
Seminars on religious topics are to'
be held at 2 p.m. daily in Alumni
Memorial Hall. Speakers are Prof.
Leroy L. Waterman, chairman of the
department of Oriental Languages
and Literatures; Prof. Henry A. San-
ders of the Latin department; and
Prof. Henry Battenhouse of Albion
College.
A daily series of lectures will be
presented under the sponsorship of
the Martin Loud Lectureship Com-
mittee. These addresses will be
heard at 3 p.m. in Alumni Memorial
Hall. Speakers will be Professor
Michaelides, Dr. Harrison and Rabbi
Heller.
Practical Religion Seminars will be
held Monday through Friday at 4
p.m., also in Alumni Memorial Hall.
Speakers on this program will be
John McCracken, field representa-
tive of the Presbyterian Board of
Christian Education in Michigan;
Lowell J. Carr, director of the Michi-
gan Child Guidance Institute; Rabbi
Heller, Burt J. Bouman, executive
secretary of theMichigan Council of
Churches; and Prof. Theophile
Raphael, psychiatrist o fthe Health
Service; and D. W. Morris of Uni-
versity Hospitals
A series of lectures on religious
subjects will also be presented at 5
p.m. Tuesday, Professor Michaelides
will speak on "Nationalism and Re-
ligion" at 5 p.m. in the Rackham
Lecture Hall. Wednesday, Profes-
sor Waterman will speak there on
"The Archaeology of Bible Lands."
At 5 p.m. Thursday, Rabbi Heller will
deliver a talk on Sacred Music." This
will take place in Alumni Memorial
Hall. The lecture will be illustrated
with recording.E

Developments In Europe
May Precipitate Move;
White House Gloomy
Isolation Senators
Firm In Opposition
WASHINGTON, July 19.-(P)-The
Roosevelt Administration, balked in
its attempt to revise the Neutrality
Law at this Session of Congress, vir-
tually served notice on the LegislaA
tors today to stand ready to respond
to a special session call if Europe's
troubles again grow acute.
A new crisis, it was 'said at the
White House, would most certainly
result in such a call. And, it, wa
added, the Administration's advices
from the Foreign Service indicated
that such a crisis was a distinct pos-
sibility.
"I'm certain of one thing," Stephen
Early, Presidential secretary, told re-
porters. "From the time Congress ad-
journs until it reconvenes in Janu-
ary, the President will pray as never
before in all his life that there will
be no new crisis in Europe."
Predict Discussion
Meanwhile several Senators pre-
dicted much public discussion of the
question in the months ahead. While
no one apparently expected President
Roosevelt to make his fight in the
way in which Woodrow Wilson went
on tour in support of the League of
Nations, Senator Pittman (Dem-
Nev.) said it would be "quite natural"
for the Chief Executive to "express
his position with regard to neutrality
legislation" in any speeches he might
make "on the general welfare." Secre-
tary Early passed word, however, that
the President was not expected to
'discuss neutrality on his forthcoming
trip to the West Coast.
Ready To Reply
Opponents of the Administration
foreign policy announced their readi-
ness to reply to any new appeal by
the Administration. Their, slogan
would be, said Senator Johnson (Rep.-
Calif.), that "this country wants no
war."
Congressional action on the ques-
tion was postponed after a memor-
able battle of wills between Mr.
Roosevelt and Senators. This conflict
reached its climax last night in an
unusual White House c.onference at-
tended by the Republican as well as
the, Democratic leadership of the
Senate.
Legislative Impossibility
The Senators of both parties told
the Chief Executive in definite lan-
guage that such was the temper and
inclination of the Senate that to get
the ,Administration ,program up for
action, let alone obtain its passage,
was a legislative impossibility. Mr.
Roosevelt and Secretary of State
Hull unwillingly yielded to the situ-
ation, and the subject went over with
the understanding that it would be
the first item on the program when
Congress reconvenes.
Prof. Pick Debunks
Popular Belief That
Every Swiss_ Yodels,

Hint Extra Session
On Neutrality Bill
If New Crisis Hits

Yale Linguistics Expert Splits
With Metrists On Verse Count

Taking sharp issue with the views
of metrists and phoneticians, Prof.
E. H. Sturtevant of the department
of linguistics of Yale University last
night in a Linguistic Institute lec-
ture upheld his contention that in
verse the syllable can be properly
measured only from crest to crest.
Two schools of thought, said Pro-
fessor Sturtevant, have been gener-
ally accepted regarding the measure-
ment of rhythm. One view, which can
be traced back as far as Herodian in
the 4th century B.C., is that the con-
sonant always belongs with the suc-
ceeding vowel. The other view, which
goes back to Dionysius of Halicarnas-

factorily meets the actual facts, he
asserted, is that a consonant cluster
simply lengthens the interval be-
tween vowels, and hence lengthens
an otherwise preceding vowel. It
makes no difference, according to Dr.
Sturtevant, where the consonants are
assigned. He demonstrated, by read-
ing aloud some English verse, that
oral attention is focused upon the
vowel and not upon the consonant.
It is the vowel, he said, that receives
syllabic stress. Consequently, the
only accurate way of determining the
rhythm is to measure from vowel
beginning to vowel beginning.
Dr. Sturtevant's opposition to the
hypothesis that rhythm depends on

All the Swiss do not yodel, declared
Professor Hanns Pick of the School
of Music in an illustrated lecture at
the Deutsches Haus last night.
Speaking on Swiss music and cus-
toms, Professor Pick pointed -out that
yodeling is a special art in which the
yodeler usually improvises his own
songs.
Only about 5 per cent of their
songs are love songs, not because the
Swiss don't believe in love, but be-
cause they are too bashful to speak
about it, he said. The mixture of
nationalities and intense patriotism
color their music. There is always a
half hour of village music before the
nightly curfew and music always
ushers in their festivals.
Professor Pick, a native Swiss, illus-
trated his lecture with recordings and
slides of pictures he had taken him-
self while in Switzerland.
Library Scientists Hold
supper At League Today
The Department of Library Science

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