THE MTCHMTAN DAILY
' a .I.a yiil I.x;l4:'a; ;'. V L11\ X1aiii.'i
1 I YII IIAIMI
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NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY M. KELSEY
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the
And Poppa Britain . .
SEETHING INDIA, a complex of re-
ligions and peoples, has faded from
the lime-light recently. Europe's power politics,
the diverse activities of our own politically-mind-
ed Congress and Japan's use of the strip-act as
a way to thumb her nose at Britain usurp the
front pages. But those who have recently visited
India say that the situation there is critical.
Face is the all-important thing in the Orient.
For years Great Britain had face. She was all-
powerful, her troops and statesmen had won
her a quarter of the world and the Oriental
respected her power. But that was in the past.
And the results of the Munich Deal and the more
recent Anglo-Japanese pact have created an en-
tirely new situation.
For India sees the New Britain-the nation
whose Prime Minister's umbrella has been set
squarely between himself and the foreign office,
thereby keeping him from the counsels of those
who know the true situation. Blindly fighting
the battles of class instead of Empire, unwillingly
to concede that he has erred, Chamberlain con-
tinues his policy of concessions. First Spain,
then Czechoslovakia, now China. British citi-
zens are insulted and Britain does-nothing.
British diplomats are humiliated and Britain
does-nothing. Having pulled the Lion's tail
without dire results, the Japanese are now dili-
gently sticking pins in him half the time and
kicking him squarely in the teeth the other half.
Instead of defending himself the Lion acts as if
the Japanese were his Androcles and proceeds
to dance with them.
And, writes such a 'competent observer as A.
T. Steele of The Chicago Daily News foreign
staff, this weakness on the part of the British
Lion is having its results in India. Convinced
that the policy of non-resistance is getting no-
where, the Hindus and Moslems and other groups
are beginning to wonder whether the British
would not give in if they used guns instead of
words. With Hitler's Nazi legions awaiting an
opportunity to seize Danzig and throw a fiery
match into the tinder-box of Europe, England
would be unwilling to expend her energies in
far-off India, they reason.
If Mahatma Ghandi should die, the situation
would immediately become tense. Then there'
would be little to hold the peoples of India back.
Intent upon self-rule, they might smash Bri-
tain's power. Look, tlgey say, at China. The
dynamics of power politics have worked for Japan
there. Would they not work for the Indians?
Chamberlain finds himself more and more
involved as he half-heartedly pursues the way
of his convictions and his nation's ruin. Perhaps
he will soon have another worry. It appears, cer-
tainly, that India may ask the Lion for a dance
and do a little pin-sticking and tooth-kicking in
her own right.
-Stan M. Swinton
"coown & Gown
By STAN M. SWINTON
There wasn't any "Town and Gown" Sunday
because we were learning a lesson about small
Just as we sat down at the typewriter and
began to fertilize a sterile mind .with a cigarette,
the phone rang. It was the State Desk of the
Detroit paper for which we labor and we were
to get over to X., a small town which shall remain
nameless, immediately. The correspondent there
was too excited to offer much information but
the general idea she seemed to be attempting to
convey was that there was a murder. We com-
mandered Vol Morin's car after seducing him
with promises of mileage and started off.
The whole small town was seething with
rumors. The facts were these: a woman had
hung herself, she had been an extremely sensi-
tive creature, frequently quarreled with her hus-
band and was intensely jealous of him. The
coroner had pronounced it suicide.
There wasn't a shred of evidence that the hus-
band had done anything out of the way-but try
to tell the town that. Every street corner was a
hot-bed of rumors. Everyone remembered some
incident which was clearly the reason for the
"crime." When we tried to phone our editor they
hung around the booth and attempted to listen
in. The man concerned was in business in the
town. Despite his innocence he would be ruined
both financially and emotionally unless the
vicious stories could be spiked.
When we left the rumors were still circulating.
Our job ended when we managed to fit the facts
into the jig-saw puzzle of tragedy. A suicide
was worth a couple of paragraphs, while a mur-
der would have been a big story. But as we
drove back to Ann Arbor that night we began to
understand what those teachers in Summer
Session meant when they told us they'd be fired
if they drank a glass of beer or smoked a cigarette
in their home town and anyone saw them.
It's hard to believe what gossip is in a small
town until you meet it first-hand.
*. * *
SIGNS OF THE TIMES. The sandy-haired
seven-year-old next-door to the Publications has
expanded his orange-box air armada to three
planes. We stopped him as he was putting a
propellor on the latest product and asked his
reason for speeding up production.
"The kids are going to have a war," he
explained in preoccupied fashion," as soon
as we can get a reason."
Sounds familiar, doesn't it?
ITEM OF INTEREST: Frank Buck and Fiorelo
LaGuardia recently registered together at a
World's Fair Exhibition. Buck signed himself
"Frank 'Bring 'Em Back Alive' Buck." LaGuardia
took a look at the signature and scribbled: "Fior-
ello 'Keep 'Em Alive' LaGuardia."
The girl at the theatre tells us that double-
features sometimes ruin her day. You have no
idea, she explained, how upsetting it is to have
someone anxiously inquire "Who's pyingwith
The Editor Gets Told
To the Editor:
An apology seems to be in order in connection
with the letter I sent to The Daily last week. I
fear I have alienated some people by not ex-
pressing sufficiently my sympathies for the
Chinese people and my reasons for writing the
letter. The moving picture made China, her
people, and their plight, so very real to me that
out of sympathy I was moved to write. And
please do not believe that I am not sympathetic
to China's struggle for freedom. I merely wished
to record some impressions of mine as to how
freedom could be best obtained.
My position is not an easy one to arrive at,
not a popular one to hold. I can only say that it
represents the tuth as I see it now. If others
find the truth to be different, then I hope they
will uphold and follow the truth as they see it,
to the best of their abilities. However, I also
hope that others as well as myself will always
be open to new light on the truth, and will always
be willing to give up partial truths when better
I should also like to thank the Chinese Stu-
dent for the pleasant courteousness of his reply.
In connection with that reply, I should like to
make a few points.
I hope I did not imply that the Chinese have
not been conciliatory. As a matter of fact, I
did not touch on that subject because my knowl-
edge of history and of current' events is very
weak. Certainly the offers of conciliation made
by the Chinese (and I am sure more will be made
in the future) will play a great role when peace
comes. However, conciliation along with mili-
tary resistance does not seem to me to be very
It was suggested that non-violence would not
By WILLIAM J. LICHTENWANGER
Sm phony Concert
"World premiers" of musical works by leading
contemporary composers are by no means un-
common to Ann Arbor, for every now and then
May Festival sees the Choral Union and visiting
artists bringing out some new choral work. But
for our own orchestra to present a first per-
formance of a symphonic work, and one by such
an outstanding figure in modern music as Ernst
Krenek, is an unusual privilege for both the
orchestra and the public. Tonight Mr. Krenek,
who is a visiting member of the School of Music
faculty for the summer, will conduct the Sum-
mer Session Symphony in the first performance
of his Symphonic Piece for String Orchestra,
Op. 86. He completed the work last month at
Niagara Falls, before coming to Ann Arbor, and
has dedicated it to the Chamber Orchestra of
Basle, Switzerland, upon the request of whose
leader, Paul Lacher, the Piece was written.
Mr. Krenek, though only in his thirty-ninth
year, already has seven operas, four symphonies,
and over seventy other works to his name. Born
in Vienna, he studied there with Franz Schreck-
er until the early 'twenties, when his composi-
tions began to win recognition at German festi-
vals. Especially interested in the dramatic field,
he conducted at various German theatres mean-
while composing operas to his own librettos. It
was Jonny Spielt auf, produced in 1926, which
won world-wide fame overnight as "the first
jazz opera." In the 'twenties Mr. Krenek par-
ticipated in the post-war neo-classicist move-
ment, but more recently he has turned to the
"twelve-tone technique" involving the use of a
tonal polyphony, which Arnold Schoenberg orig-
inated some years ago. In the new Symphonic
Piece this technique is freely used. Fragments
of the "basic series" or theme, appear in each of
its five sections, while new material characteris-
tic of each particular section provides variety.
What seems to be another first performance as
far as America is concerned, for lack of data to
the contrary, will be, provided on the same pro-
gram when Thor Johnson, director of the Sum-
mer Session Symphony, conducts an early and
unpublished Haydn Symphony: No. 22 in the
complete series of Haydn's 104, in E flat major,
and titled "The Philosopher." This title un-'
doubtedly refers to the unusual character of the
symphony's first movement. An Adagio, placed
first for emphasis, this movement is developed
on the lines of strict counterpoint rather than
of ordinary, thematic development, but it has
a spirit of noble and serene earnestness that
turns this witty pedantry into the truly philo-
sophic. A further touch of rich, opaque color -
added by the tone of two English horns, which,
with two French horns and the usual strings,
make up the orchestral body, and which ver
likely were here used for the first time (1764)
in the orchestra and in a symphony. The great
vitality of this symphony and the rich musical
imagination displayed in it make its con-
signment to oblivion these many years a puzzle
and a shame.
Another symphonic work hardly more famil-
iar will be the Symphony on a French Mountain
Air for Orchestra with Piana of Vincent d'Indy,
fin du siecle Frenchman and ap upil of Cesar
Franck. This three-movement work, based on a
haunting air of the Cevennes (in central France)
as a "motto theme," uses the piano simply as an
added orchestral instrument, for its glittering
and percussive timbre, and not as a soloist.
Rhythmically, harmonically, and orchestrally
the Symphony is extremely colorful and cleverly
written in a characteristically French way. The
savage oriental dances of the Polovtsian slaves
from Borodin's opera Prince Igor will conclude
work against irresponsible Japanese warlords
I am a little confused by this point, for it seems
to me that non-violent resistance works chiefly
on the soldiers in the field, who are merely
servants of the warlords.
Lastly, I should like to reiterate that non-
violent resistance is not a form of submission.
The mere absence of violent resistance is not
equivalent to organized and disciplined mass
William T. Scott
Chief sources of the income of the University
are the State's appropriations for current ex-
penses and the fees paid by students for tuition,
laboratory materials and similar things. Ever
since 1867, the principal of the mill tax has been
employed by the State in fixing the amount to
be received by the University as a maintenance
fund. It is the policy oft his and other states not
to charge the students with the entire cost of
their education, but to keep tuition fees at such
a level that the advantages of the state univer-
sity may be available to all.
Anatole France, famous French author, had a
collection of hundreds of hats. Each morning he
selected the one hat that suited his mood.
DAILY OFFI L
TUESDAY, AUG. 1, 1939
There will be an exhibit at the Cur-
riculum Workshop in Tappan School
of metal work, weaving, graphic art
and photography. This, exhibit will
be on display .all week beginning to-
day. It representskwork done by
students in the workshop.
Phi Delta Kappa will hold its regu-
lar weekly luncheon at 12:10 o'clock
today at the Michigan Union. New
members particularly are urged to
Latin-American Tea at A p.m. to-
day at the International Center. Both
Spanish and Portuguese will be spok-
Lecture by Dr. Shio Sakanishi, Di-
vision of Orientalia, Library of Con-
gress on "The Art of Printing in Ja-
pan before the Twelfth Century" at
4 p.m. today in the Amphitheatre,
Lecture by Robert K. Hall, Cran-
brook School, Bloomfield Hills, Mich.,
on "The University in the South
American Republics" at 4:05 p.m. to-
day, in the University High School
The Graduate Commercial Club:
Dean Edmonson will speak on Occu-
patidnal Patterns at 4:15 in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
Building today. There will be tea
and dancing in the Assembly Room
following the lecture.
Lecture by Professor John P. Gil-
lin, Ohio State University, on "An
Anthropologist Visits the Carib In-
dians of Northern British Guiana" il-
lustrated, at 5 p.m., today, at the
Lecture Hall of the Rackham Build-
Lecture, "Whom Do You Know?"
by Dr. T. Luther Purdom, Director of
the Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information. Dr. Pur-
dom will speak at 7 this evening in
the Lecture Hall of the Rackham
This is the last in the series of
three lectures concerned with tech-
niques used in getting and holding
Chinese Students Attention, Dr. Wil-
liam W. Lockwood, research staff of
the American Institute of Pacific Re-
lations, has been invited by the Chi-
nese Student Club to a discussion
meeting to be held in the Interna-
tional Center this evening at
7:30 p.m. He is an expert on Far
Eastern situation. Thediscussion
will be very informative.
Beginners' Class in Social Dancing
at 7:30 this evening in the Michigan
Duplicate Bridge at 7:30 this eve-
ning in the Michigan League.
Fellowship of Reconciliation meet-
ing today at Lane Hall, 7:30 to
8:30 p.m., downstairs. Fellowship
members and others concerned with
pacifism are invited.
WJR WWJ WXYZ CKLW
750 KC- CBS 920 KC - NBC Red 1240 KC - NBC Blue 1030 KC - Mutual
12:00 Goldbergs President & Cabinet Noonday News News
12:15 Life Beautiful Foot Health Farm Almanac Trfreporter
12:30 Road of Life Bradcast Golden Store Xavier Cugat
12:45 Day Is Ours Women's Clubs Fan on the Street "
1:00 Shopping Guide Federal Housing Betty and Bob Concert Orchestra
1:15 Life Dr. Susan Comic Strip Grimm's Daughter Organist
1:30 Your Family Kitty Keene Valiant Lady Melody Time
1:45 Tune Time Medical Talk Hymns Mich. W.C.T.U.
2:00 Linda's Love Mary Marlin Army Band Soprano
2:15 Editor's Daughter Detroit-New York " Musicale
2:30 Dr. Malone Rhythm and Song Mel and June
2:45 Three Aces"" News
3:00 Police Field Day " Club Matinee Voice of Justice
3:15 U. of M. Program "
3:30 " "o rwo Keyboards
3:45 Duncan ,Moore News To be announced
4:00 Musical Album toElla Fitzgerald Jamboree
4:5 Peaceful Valley Ma Perkins Ath1
4:30 to Pepper Young Affairs of Anthony *
4:45 Alice Blair Guiding Light Rollini Trio
5:00 Miss Julia Dance Music Hollywood Highits. Organist
5:15 Overtones Malcolm. Claire To Be Announced Turf reporter
5:30 Enoch Light Dance Music Day in Review Baseball scores
5:45 Tomy Talks Lowell Thomas Baseball Final News
6:00 News Tyson Review Easy Aces Stop and Go
6:15 Musical Bradcast Mr. Keen, tracer t
6:30 IHelenMencken Midstream The Green Hornet Sportlight
6:45 " George Krehbiel" Jimmie Allen
7:00 Human Adven. Johnny Presents Inside Story Voice of Justice
7:15 to o o .
7:30 Feature Information, please Washington News
7:45 " " Benno Rabinoff
8:00 We, the People Battle of Sexes Melody & Madness Jamboree
8:30 Bob Crosby Alec Templeton True Stories Success Session
9:00 Hal Kemp District Attorney Yukon Drama Musical Varieties
9:15 " ", To be announced
9:30 Number Please Doghouse Interviews Morton Gould
9:45 Police Field Day"
[0:00 Amos 'n' Andy Sports Parade Noble Sissle Enric Madriguera
10:15 Shep Fields Vic and Sadet"
10:30 Sports Fred Waring Richard Himber Doc Sunshine
10:45 Cab Calloway Dance Music " Dick Jurgen
L1:00 News News Jan Savitt Reporter
11:15 Ben Bernie Dance Music " Music
11:30 Frankle Masters Eastwood Johnny Messner
2:00 Sign off Westwood Sign Oft Enric Madriguera
tra will feature the Faculty Concert,
to be given this evening at
8:30 o'clock in Hill Auditorium.
The program will be conducted by
Thor Johnson, Conductor and Ernst
Krenek, Guest Conductor, with Mary
Fishburne, pianist. The general pub-
lic, with the exception of small chil-
dren, is invited without admissionj
charge, but is respectfully requested:
to be seated on time.
Engineering Mechanics Colloquium.
Professor R. K. Bernhard, Head of
the Department of Mechanics and
Materials at the Pennsylvania State.
College, will speak on "Induced Vi-
brations in the Structural Field" on
Wednesday, Aug. 2, at 3 p.m. in Room.
311 West Engineering Bldg. The
talk will be illustrated with moving
pictures. All interested are cordially
invited to attend.
An assembly of all professional stu-
.dents in public health will be held on
Wednesday, Aug. 2, at 3 p.m. in the
West Amphitheatre, West Medical
Bldg. All students are expected to be
Speech Students: A Symposium on
Graduate Studies in the field of
Speech Science will be held Wednes-
day' afternoon, Aug. 2, at 4 p.m. in
Room 1025 Angell Hall. All under-
graduate students contemplating ad-
vanced degrees in Speech Science and
all graduate students studying for
advanced degrees in this field, should
Men's Education Club, Wednesday,
Aug. 2, 7:15 p.m. Professor Wesley
H. Maurer will show a film sequence
on the betrayal of Benedict Arnold
taken from original manuscripts on
deposit in the Clempents Library. He
has also agreed to show a second
sound film, one in color on Pre-
Columbian art by HarrylWallace. It
will take about 45 minutes to show
both films. The meeting place is the
Pi Lambda Thetans: There will be
a formal reception in the Rackham
Building on Wednesday, Aug. 2, at
8 o'clock. Mrs. Bertha Ashby Hess
will be the Honors Day speaker. Call
Grace Maas (4697) for reservations.
Organ Recital. Edward Broadhead,
organist, of Durham, North Carolina,
will give a recital in partial fulfill-
ment of the requirements for the
Master of Music degree, Wednesday
evening, Aug. 2, at 8:15 o'clock, in
Hill Auditorium. The general public
is invited to attend.
Lecture Recital: Ernst Krenek, in-
(Continued on Page 4)
The hard words John L. Lewis applied to Vice-
President Garner have little importance in them-
selves. They become important only if they are
used as an excuse by the coalition of Republicans
and conservative Democrats to do further dam-
age to President Roosevelt's program.
'There are some indications that the Coalition
members are in a mood to try just that kind of
Physics Symposium, Prof. John A. Wheeler of Princeton University
(Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
Physics Symposium, Prof. E. J. Williams of the University of Wales
(Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
Phi Delta Kappa luncheon (Union).
Latin-American Language Tea (International Center).
"Kobo Daishi: Founder of Nationalized Buddhism" by Dr.
Shio Sakanishi, Division of Orientalia, Library of Congress (Amphi-
theatre, Rackham Building).
"The University in the South American Republics" by Robert K.
Hall, Cranbrook School, Bloomfield Hills (University High School
r/11 1 I