THE MICIT A N fDAY
THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1939
.a. .. .a -. 1e1 1 lJ 11 1 l'}". tl 1 " _ 1J 1'L d L 1 ;...
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ETHEL Q. NORBERG
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the
Plant Virus And
By KARL KESSLER
Plant viruses and their striking similarity to
bacteriophages was illustrated yesterday in the
second in a series of lectures by Prof. Andre
Gratia of the Laboratorie de Bacteriologie, Uni-
versity of Liege, Belgium.
Study of Tobacco Mosaic and other forms of
plant virus, Professor Gratia demonstrated,
greatly aided the determination of the exact
nature of bacteriophage. The relation between
phages and their host had been explained ac-
cording to two theories. One held that the
phage was of the nature of an enzyme, excreted
by the bacteria itself.
Several observed phenomena pointed to such
a conclusion. One characteristic quality of these
bacteriophages was that they always multiplied
in the same proportions as the rate of reproduc-
tion of the bacteria itself. These phenomena,
Professor Gratia pointed out, could be explained
equally well by either theory.
The one claimed that this correlation indicated
that the phage was of an endogenous nature;
proponents of the other theory, however, sug-
gested that the phage was of a parasitic nature,
and could, therefore, not multiply faster than its
Turning to the investigation of plant virus
action as in the case of Tobacco Mosaic, Profes-
sor Gratia showed the striking similarity of the
two diseases. Through several experiments, he
demonstrated that the cause was due to a minute
organism or corpuscle, and, as shown by differing
effects of several strains on various types of
plants, there existed several forms of these
viruses. It was also demonstrated that they
were of an exogenous nature.
The conclusion, Professor Gratia stated, is that
both plant virus and bacteriophage are very
similar to parasites.
Of Bible Lands
By MALCOLM LONG
Prior to the World War, the main impression
of "Bible Lands" was their remoteness and in-
accessibility. But during the past 20 years, these
lands have come out of the darkness caused
largely by the old Turkish regime, and into the
limelight of Western thought, according to Prof.
Leroy Waterman, chairman of the Oriental
languages and literatures department, in his
lecture on "Archaeology of Bible Lands" delivered
yesterday in Rackham Lecture Hall.
Symbolic of this change is the fact that today
the Sea of Galilee is the landing place of the
seaplanes of the Imperial Airways route from
London to Bagdad and to the Eastern parts of
the British Empire.'
Modern roads have played a large part in
making the Bible lands into twentieth century
lands, Professor Waterman said.
Archaeological research has added a deepening
sense of reality to the Bible. Like any book, the
Bible assumes a 100 per cent knowledge of its
background or setting and it is archaeology which
is mainly striving to supply this.
Professor Waterman, who has been closely
identified with excavations and archaeology in
this area, illustrated his talk with slides show-
ing the sites of the excavations in these lands
and objects discovered there. These sites in-
cluded Ur of the Chaldees, Babylon, Ros Shamra,
Tyre, Megiddo or Armageddon, Lachish, Jeru-
salem and Sepphoris.
Professor Waterman had examples of several
types of lamps which have been found in excava-
tions in Palestine and which he demonstrated
to the audience.
and many men in particular hestitate to attend
However, a challenge to this feeling of hei-
tancy is presented in the fact that the two
schools which have adopted the most complete
program of this type are Purdue and West Point,
two definitely masculine institutions. West
Point has had a vigorous compulsory program
of this type for years and has even gone so
far as to give its men a regular course in dancing
as well as general etiquette. Its stand is that
the Army shall atttain the highest standard in
every line of endeavor, social poise and ease of
manner as well as military leadership.
Other colleges are slowly beginning to appre-
ciate the hard-headed practicality of this point
of view. Michigan today is making a small
beginning in offering this training through in-
struction given in the various colleges and de-
partments and through these demonstrations by
. . .
A WEEK AGO yesterday Dr. T. Luther.
Purdom in an address in the Rack-
ham Building demonstrated many of the habits
of manner and appearance that are injurious to
the chances of persons seeking jobs. Six assist-
ants acted out the "right" and the "wrong" in
the job interview. One girl used poor English;
another was gaudily dressed and chewed gum.
One of the men appeared with drooping socks
and no tie; others sat down before the interviewer
had taken his chair and committeed other minor
breaches of good manners.
This was a demonstration of the practical need
from the point of view of the University of a
program for which in recent years there has
been a growing demand among students at cer-
tain schools-a program in social training.
Correct social training has become recognized
more and more as a business asset. It not only is
of value in enabling young men and women to
obtain jobs, but is of definite importance in the
successful fulfillment of positions in business and
in the professions. Many students have be-
c'ome interested in this training because they
feel a lack in their personality development along
these lines. Dr. Purdom's discussion demon-
strates the increasing importance of this work
from the standpoint of the school, which not only
wants to successfully adjust its students to meet-
irig life problems, but wants also to make a good
record for its graduates after placement.
The training can be presented in any number
of ways. It can be given as an extra-curricular
series of lectures or demonstrations, as is the
case of the present program in marriage rela-
tions at the University; it can be given as a
required program for freshmen or for upperclass-
men, as are the hygiene lectures; or it can be
offered as a regular credit-bearing curricular
course. The main objective should be to give an
understanding of the various rules of courtesy.
Although the demand for such a course has not
been as spontaneous as for some of the other
extra-curricular courses now offered, the pro-
gram has been gradually growing and evolving
at several schools. This lack of demand arises in
general from -the fact that a great deal of the
braining is acquired .at home, much of it consists
of details that take several meetings to present,
'Androcles And The Lion'
By HARRY L. SONNEBORN and ALICE RYDELL
Passersby who wandered into the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre yesterday evening, laden with
the cares of Summer Session life, were relieved
to find there a pleasant comedy in the slap-
stick tradition, masquerading under the by-line
of George Bernard Shaw, who says he is a
satirist. They found no weighty social problems
solved in grease paint, no "biting indictments" of
imperialism or of anything else. The play was
a harmless little fable extolling kindness to
dumb animals which hurt nobody's feelings.
The chief reason why the Shavian satire fell
flat was that it was spread too thin. G.B.S. can
usually make a dozen widely assorted people
mutter dire things with one stroke of the pen,
but here he failed because he is making polite
faces at his intended victims, instead of employ-
ing his customary rapier thrusts. And even the
polite faces he does make are too heavily veiled
to be effective.
Even a poor play can sometimes be enjoyed, if
the acting is skillful. But here there was no in-
spired presentation to hold the cash customers'
interest-except possibly James Moll in a lion
costume. Ray Pedersen as Androcles was ade-
quate, and the redoubtable Edward Jurist only
muffed one line. Caesar, played by Richard
Hadley, wore a fairly deserved laurel wreath.
Sarah Pierce overplayed her part as Lavinia
valiantly; Arthur Klein, as Ferrovius, was occa-
sionally good; and the supporting cast func-
tioned in the best Junior League style, spears
The settings were not quite up to the Reper-
tory Players' standard; possibly "Our Town" had
a bad influence, but a poor set is worse than no
set at all. The music was written to be weird, but
a couple of unintentional false notes made it
even more so.
Shaw claims with his customary stubbornness
that he is portraying a characteristic of crowd
psychology; that people enjoy persecutions not
because they are antagonistic to the beliefs of
the persecuted, but just because it makes a
nice gory mess. The Romans in the play en-
joyed the spectacle of Christians vs. Gladiators,
but that is certainly not an indictment of im-
perialism, as Mr. Shaw tells us to believe. That
German Crown ,Prince who left the house dur-
ing a performance in Berlin could not have
been tortured by this heartless lampooning of
imperialism (as Mr. Shaw affirms); he probably
had a date. We are sorry to report that the
play had no more social significance than a
Mother Goose rhyme. It wasn't even obscene.
The Editor GetsTold
To the Editor:
I read in the July 25th issue of your paper a
description of life and experiences of a certain
doctor in Arabia. Being an Arabian I was more
than interested in the subject. But as I con-
tinued to read I was disappointed at what the
doctor was relating and to say the truth I was
shocked. The topic has covered all Arabia and
the Arabian people. But the matter dealt only
with some forgotten corner in the desert where
a certain tribe of Bedouins live, whose delicacy
is to eat baked locusts.
I do not blame the respected doctor who wants
to show his natives what a hard life he was en-
during for the sake of serving humanity and for
the cause of science but I hoped that the reverend
doctor did not call his speech "Romance In
Arabia" while it was about donkeys, locusts and
the Bedouins. This reminds me of the sort of
thing the advertising agencies do.
Arabia is a vast land the greater part of which
is a desert but the inhabitants or rather the
roamers of the desert, the Bedouins, are few.
But the other part of the peninsula especially to
the east, south and north is fertile and for this
fact it is called the fertile crescent. In this
part of Arabia the population are not like the
Bedouins in their primitive life but they have
their share of world progress and civilization.
And so it will be a grave mistake to describe the
backward life of the Bedouins and then after to
make generalizations and say this is the life of
the Arabs. We are not ashamed of the Bedouins
and the life of the Arabs. We are not ashamed
of the Bedouins and we are not trying to kill
them off but we are encouraging them to settle
and have their natural share of city education.
We are trying to do to them what the American
government has done with the Red Indians lately.
The point which I am driving at is that we are
what we are and we do not want ourselves to be
called something else. You are an American for
instance, you do not want to be called an Italian
and visa versa. As the doctor was speaking about
a certain tribe among the Bedouins he must be
careful not to say, to quote him, "Describing the
personal habits of the Arabs . . . etc," for these
are not the Arabs who live in the cities and make
up governments and countries.
In the closing lines the doctor felt a great
sympathy towards the Arabs in saying, "It is a
race that has done great things in the past and
is going to do great things in the future." This
resembles what a grown up person would do
with a child; after beating him, he gives him a
piece of candy. This certainly proves that he
was mixing up the primitive Bedouins with the
educated Arabs which point I tried to convey to
the interested reader. And if ever the Arabian
people are going to do what the respected doctor
expects from them in the future, they will come
from the city people or from the roaming Bed-
ouins who cease wandering in the desert and
start building homes.
'Zown & Gown
IBy STAGN 'M. SWINTON
(Roy Heath, former Daily sports
writer and- columnist and soon to
join the staff of a Boston paper.
thought the readers of this column
might be interested in the past and
whereabouts of one Jack Sharkey.
the only man who ever claimed to
have seen the punch which lost him
the world's heavyweight champion-
ship. So here's his contribution.)
By ROY HEATH
BOSTON-By the spring of 1969,
it is estimated that there will be left
on this earth not a single man whoa
at one time or another had the dubi-
ous pleasure of fighting both Johna
Harrison Dempsey, one-time heavy-
weight champion of the world, anda
Joseph Barrows Louis, king of the
heavies in this year, 1939.$
At writing, there is only one man
who is credited with having per- I
formed such a feat. If you hear of
any others, report them to the Mu-
seum of Natural Science, Curiosa
Americana division. The man of whoma
I speak is Jack Sharkey, heavy-
weight champion for a short period in
the early thirties, now a prominent
pub proprietor' and pillar of society
in the city of Boston.r
In 1927, Sharkey climbed into the
same ring with Dempsey who at ther
time was staging a comeback after
having his title lifted a few monthsr
before by Gene Tunney. For seven
frames, the Boston Sailorman beat
the champ like a rug. In the seventh,1
he turned to the referee to protest a
low blow and when he came to in hisl
dressing room,. his handlers were
patting him in the face with a sponge.
By 1936, Sharkey had gained and
lost the title and was minding his
own business which was dealing them
over the bar at his Canal Street fill-t
ing station in the Hub. At that time,l
there was a shortage of opponents for
one Joe Louis. The thought of longI
green and gold lured Jack from be-
hind the mahogany for a match witht
the Bomber which was just too bad.
It took Joe three rounds to lay the
Beantown brave on the canvas. Thet
fight was chiefly notable for Sharkey'sI
classic understatement as he was be-
ing led from the ring, "Somebody '
musta belted me."
With considerable pro and con go-
ing the rounds as to the relative fis-
tic merits of the Old Mauler and
Shufflin' Joe and in view of Mr. Shar-
key's experiences at their hands, his
conclusions on the outcome of a
strictly imaginary match between the
pair should be of interest. In case
they are not of interest, turn to the
editorials. Sailor Jack's opinion,
handed down in a recent interview,
is as follows: "Joe Louis would not
last two rounds with Jack Dempsey.
That includes the time it would take
Joe to pull off his bathrobe."
"The fight game is not what it was
in my time," said the former John
Cocoskey as he demolished a beer
stain on his polished bar top. "When
you take a guy like Tony Galento who
was a bum ten years ago and make a
contender out of him today when he
is still a bum, things have come to a
fine state. I am glad I am not fight-
ing." Mr. Sharkey did not say exact-
ly why he was glad he is not fighting
but his tussle with Louis probably
didn't improve his taste for fisticuffs.
"Who has this Louis licked?" asked
Sharkey in his best rhetorical style.
He tolled off Joe's victims for the
benefit of those laboring under the
impression that the pride of Detroit
had polished off some pretty fair
Heed The Friend
Who Told You To Dine at
417 E. Huron St. Free Parking
ary: $2,600, Aug. 21.
Michigan Civil Service:
range: $150-190, July 31.
range: $130-150, Aug. 1.
range: $150-190, Aug. 1.
boys."He beatsMaxie Baer, a burned
out playboy, a scared old man, King
Levinsky, an old Jack Sharkey and
a few other bums, that's who he
As far as it went, the Lithuanian
Larrupper's accounting was as good
as gold. In all fairness, however, it
must be pointed out that he neglected
to mention such practitioners of the
bash and belt art as Jim Braddock,
Tommie Farr, Bob Pastor, Paulino
Uzeudum and Max Schmeling. Jack
also overlooked Primo Carnera who
took Sharkey's title away from him
with the famous "invisible punch,"
"I repeat," said Mr. Sharkey,
thumping his bar lightly, causing
patrons to grab their rocking drinks
and duck under the impression that
an earthquake was in progress," Joe
Louis would not last two frames. He
would not even make a good spar-
mate." One thing about Jack, he is
still full of pepper.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Summer Session until 3:30 p.mn,; 11:00 a.m. Saturday
Associate Seed Technologist,
ary: $3,200, Aug. 21.
Assistant Seed Technologist,
ary: $3,200, Aug. 21.
Assistant Seed Technologist,
THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1939
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service examinations. Last date
for filing application noted in each
United States Civil Service:
Tobacco Inspector, salary: $3,800,
Associate Tobacco Inspector, sal-
ary: $3,200, Aug. 21.
Assistant" Tobacco Inspector, sal-
ary: $2,600, Aug. 21.
Principal Seed Technologist, sal-
ary: $5,600, Aug. 21.
Senior Seed Technologist, salary:
$4,600, Aug. 21.
Seed' Technologist, salary: $3,800,
Prison Psychologist II, salary
range: $200-240, Aug. 1.
Account Clerk B, salary range:
$105-125, July 31.
Account Clerk A, salary range:
$130-1,0, July 31.
Photographic Laboratory Technician
A, salary range: $130-150, Aug. 1.
Institution Maintenance Black-
smith A2, salary range-: $115-135,
Dietitian A2, salary range: $115-
135, Aug. 1.
Dietitian Al, salary range: $140-
160, Aug. 1.
Dining Room Supervisor C1, salary
range: $95-110, July 31.
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational In-
The last physical education lun-
cheon for this summer will be held in
Room 116 of the Michigan Union to-
day. The speaker will be Dr. Mabel
Rugen. All students enrolled in
physical education classes are cor.
dially invited to attend.
Luncheon Conference of the Lin-
guistic Institute: Mr. Kenneth L. Pike
will speak on "Linguistic Aspects of
Bible Translation." The luncheon
will be at the Michigan Union at
Miss Ruth Bristol of the Milwaukee
(Continued on Page 3)
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Physics Symposium, Prof. John A. Wheeler, Princeton University
(Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
Physics Symposium, Prof. E. J. Williams, University of Wales (Am-
phitheatre, Rackham Building).
"Linguistic Aspects of the Bible Translation" by Kenneth L. Pike
at Linguistics Institute luncheon (Union).
"Early Christian Manuscripts," lecture and exhibit by Prof. Henry
A. Sanders of the Latin department (Room 300 Main Library).
"Near East Social Movements," by Prof. George Michaelides of the
Near East School of Theology, Beirut, Syria (Alumni Memorial Hall)
"How Shall We Educate Adults in Religion?" Religion Institute
seminar (Alumni Memorial Hall).
"Japan in North China: A Two-Year Balance Sheet," by Dr. Wil-
liam W. Lockwood, jr., of the American Council of the Institute of
Pacific Relations (Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
Russian Language Tea (International Center).
"Trends in the Use of Audio-Visual Techniques in Teaching" by F.
Dean McClusky, Scarborough School, N.Y. (University High School
Band Concert, High School Clinic (Hill Auditorium).
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