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July 27, 1939 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1939-07-27

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Weather
l; somewhat cooler
occasiona~l showers

Y

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

4:Iaiit

Editorial

I

Social Training
A Vital Necessity

I

4

No. 27

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 27, 1939

PRICE FIVE

,

______________________________________________________-__-

.T

h Hopes
of ensive
.an Pact
re Boost

Annual Twilight Band Concert
Is At Ferry Field Tomorrow

Republican
tinues To
sh Police

Terror
Plague
Force

Appointee
s Opposition
e Associated Press)
A's heavyaches of the
nths wire temporarily
terday by favoi'able
.n Moscow and Bur-
a fresh outbreak of
blican terrorism stir-

More Than 200 Pieces
To Take Part As Bands
Join In Presentation
By HARRY L. SONNEBORN
More than 200 musicians from all
parts of the country will participate
in the annual Twilight Band Con-
cert on Ferry Field at 7:15' p.M. to-
morrow, when the High School Clinic
Band of 110 talented high school
girls and boys will unite their musi-
cal resources with the 120 band lead-
ers, orchestra conductors, teachers
and students who make up the Sum-
mer Session Band, in an outdoor per-
Pike Lectures
On Linuistics,
Bible Today
Speaker Brings Four Years
,Missionary Background
In Mexico To Audience

French hopes
eary conclusion
yed negotiations
it was indicated
d met Russian
exchange in the
nilitary informa-
bings that killed
a score of others
I Liverpool, the
ons approved and
se of Lords a bill

eralissimo Fran-'
s meeting bitter
is intention of
brother-in-law,
Suner, premier
at if Suner fell
tier Mussolini of
ine an invitation
visit Spain next
ie Minister Cham-

How modern linguistic science is
coming to the aid of the missionary
engaged in bringing the Bible to
peoples who have had no written lan-
guage will be explained by Kenneth
L. Pike at the regular Linguistic In-
stitute luncleon conference at 12:10
p.m. today at the Michigan Union.
His topic is "Linguistic Aspects of
Bible Translation." The conference
is open to all interested persons. j
With Mexican Institute
A graduate of the Gordon School
of Theology, Mr. Pike for the past
four -years has been associated with
the Mexican Institute for the In-
vestigation of Linguistics, a body
affiliated with the University of
Mexico. During that time, with the

formance that has no equal in Michi-
gan's musical activities.
Last year the concert attracted over
9,000 students and townspeople. This
year, according toProf. William D.
Revelli, even a greater number is
expected to fill the old South Stands
of Ferry Field.for the program. Pro-
fessor Revelli, who directs the Sum-
mer Session Band, makes no bones
about admitting that it is "the finest
Summer Session organization we have
ever had."
While Professor Revelli will be
director of the concert, the guest
conductor who willoccupy the spot-
light is Ralph E. Rush, of Celeveland
Heights, 0., who will be assisted by
Dale Harris of Pontiac and Cleo Fox
of Kalamazoo, also guest conductors.
Admit Publie Free
The general public, who will be
admitted free of charge to the con-
cert, is requested to come sufficiently
early as to be seated on time, so that
interruptions can be avoided, Profes-
sor Revelli said.
Among the interesting numbers on
the program are Ferdi Grofe's "Mar-
di Gras," from the Mississippi Suite;
"Finlandia," by the Finnish composer
Jean Sibelius; "King Sport," a cornet
solo by its composer, Albin Johnson;
a medley of selections from "Good
News," a Broadway musical of a few
years ago; and the familiar "Merry
Widow Waltz," as a march instead of
in three-four time.
Grofe's Composition
Grofe's composition, the last move-
ment of the suite, is gay and brilliant,
portraying the colorful festival itself.
"Finlandia" is one of Sibelius' most
characteristic works, rugged and pow-
erful. Albin Johnson, who composed
and who will play "King Sport," was
formerly cornet soloist with the Uni-
ted States Army Band, now a student
on campus. The medley from "Good
News" was chosen by Ralph Rush,
and will be played by the Summer
Session Band. Franz Lehar's lilting
waltz tune, the Merry Widow, has
been paraphrased by Harry Alford,
and listeners agree that he has cre-
ated a fine concert march.
Part of the program will be played
by the Clinic Band, part by the regu-
lar Summer Session Band, and the
last part by the full 230 pieces to-
gether, reaching a climax with the
playing of the "Stars and Stripes
Forever," by John Philip Sousa, one
of America's best known marches by
her greatest march composer.

Guest Speakers4
Lead Religious
Meeting Today
Parley Members Guestsa
Of Linguistic Institute
At Today's Luncheon
Conference Closes
Here Tomorrow
Addresses by guest speakers high-
light the program of the fourth day
of the Fifth Annual. Religious Con-
ference.
Rabbi James Heller of the Isaac M.
Wise Temple of Cincinnati will speak
on "Sacred Music" at 5 p.m. in the
Alumni Memorial Hall. Rabbi Hel-
ler will illustrate his talk with record-
ings.
Prof. George P. Mlchaelides of the
Near East School of Theology, in Bi-
rut, Syria, will speak at 3 p.m. in
Lectures to be offered today be-
fore the Fifth Annual Conference
on Religion will be as follows:
12:15 p.m. "A Linguist's Use of
the Bible" (Union).
2 p.m. "Early Christian Manu-
scripts" by Professor Sanders
(Alumni Memorial Hall).
3 p.m. "Near East Social Move-
ments" by Professor Michaelides
(Alumni Memorial Hall).
4 p.m. "How Shall We Educate
Adults" Seminar (Alumni Mem-
orial Hall).
5 p.m. "Sacred Music" by Rabbi
Heller. Illustrated with rceord-
ings. (Alumni Memorial Hall).
Alumni Memorial Hall on the topic
"Near East Social Movements."
Prof.-Emeritus Henry A. Sanders,
of the Latin department, will speak
at the:2 p.m. lecture meeting of the
Conference. His subject will be
"Early Christian Manuscripts." This
talk will also be illustrated. Profes-
sor Sanders will show manuscripts of
the third or fourth century.
The 4 p.m. seminar'will be on the
subject "How Shall We Educate
Adults in Religion?" Speakers will
be the Rev. Wanzer H. Brumelle of
Buchanan, Mich., J. Burt Bouman,
executive secretary of the Michigan
Council of Churches, and others.

Senators Hit
Lending Bill
Extravagance
Republicans Call Measure
Wasteful And Diemocrats
Also Act To Halt Bill
Prevailing Wage
'Rider IsOpposed
WASHINGTON, July 26. -(P)-
The first night session of the Senate's
adjournment drive produced tonight
a series of Republican speeches de-
,nouncing the Adiministration's $2,-
490,000,000 lending program as waste
and extravagance.
One after another, Senators Taft
(Ohio), Townsend (Del.), Barbour
(N.J.), Davis (Pa.), and Danaher
(Conn.) arose to belabor the measure,
before-for most of the time-an
audience of four to eight Senators.
Their addresses were part of a bi-
partisan attack which buffeted the
measure throughout the day from one
end of the Capitol to the other.
In the House a complication of a
new sort arose. Taking cognizance
of a plan in the Senate to attach to
the bill a rider ordering the payment
of "prevailing wages" to WPA work-
ers, four Democratic members of the
Banking Committee devised strategy
to beat such a move.
Their plan, one of them said, would
be to vote with the Republicans and
keep the bill tied up in the Commit-
tee until the Senate has acted. If the
prevailing wage were attached, he
added, the combined votes would keep
the lending bill tied up in the Com-
mittee indefinitely.
Students Visit.
Ford's Village
Near Dearborn

In Legal .Move

At

a'

U. S. Breaks Treat

Mars Nearest
Earth Today
For 17 Years

,.

Japanese Emnbarg

In-
at
ics
pith

The planet Mars is making its
nearest approach to the earth since
1924 today and will not be back as
close again until August, 1956.
At 2:30 a.m. it was 36,030,000 miles
away. Two weeksago it was 37,200,000
miles distant, and by Aug. 5 it will
have returned to a distance of 36,-
500,000 miles. By Sept. 1 it will be
42,800,000 miles away. These varying
distances are due to the shapes of
the orbits of the earth and Mars
around the sun.
To persons in this vicinity Mars
will appear in the southeast sky short-
ly after sunset and will be seen as
a brilliant ruddy object from 11 p m.
to 1:30 a.m. No extended observa-
tions are being carried out by astron-
omers here because the planet is ap-
pearing so low toward the horizon.
Dr. Dean B. McLaughlin of the as-
tronomy department, however, has
been regularly, sketching and exam-
ining Mars in the early morning
hours to keep track of any unusual
appearances, such as clouds.
Astronomers of the famed Lowell
observatory at Flagstaff, Ariz., have
journeyed to the University's station
at Bloemfontein, South Africa, where
the planet will appear nearly. over-
head.
Visitors at the Observatory open
house tomorrow night will be able to'
get a complete account of what is
now known about the fascinating
planet, but probably won't be able to
look at it through the telescope. This
is because the low altitude causes at-
mospheric disturbances in the image
and also because the image itself is
too small to be of much significance
to the layman.
History Of Persian
Rock-Writings Told
Illustrating his discussion with
slides showing the discovered in-
scriptions, Prof. Roland G. Kent of
the Department of Comparative Phil-
ology of the University of Pennsyl-
vania last night told a Linguistic In-
stitute audience of the laborious and
painstaking steps by which scholars
since 1800 have gradually deciphered
the rock-writings in the ancient Per-
sian language.
Interpretation began, said Dr. Kent,
with Grotefend's first crude but dar-
ing attempts in 1802. Step by step
meaning was attached to another of
the strange horseshoe-nail shaped
characters, until today all of the
known inscriptions are pretty accur-
ately deciphered. The most recent
achievement, he related, has been
the translation last year of the orig-
inal inscriptions on the tomb of Dari-
us,

State Department Action
Is Surprise; Senate Still
Considering Resolution
Abrogation To Be
Effective,_Jan., 1940
WASHINGTON, July 26 -(IP)-
The United States served notice to-
night it was terminating its 1911
Treaty of Commerce and Navigation
with Japan, opening the way toward
an embargo on the shipment of raw
materials to that country.
Secretary Hull handed Japanese
Ambassador Kensuke Horinouchi a
note informing him of the step.
The Government's action came like
a lightning from a blue sky, since
the Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee discussing a resolution call-
ing for the denunciation of the treaty
postponed discussion on it today until
later in the week.
Confers With Roosevelt
Earlier today Secretary Hull con-
ferred with President Roosevelt, fol-
lowing talks with his Far Eastern
advisers. The. President approved,
perhaps ordered, the action.
Six months must pass from today
.before the abrogation can go into
effect. They will be up Jan. 26, 1940,
at which time Congress will be in ses-
sion and can discuss an embargo on
raw material shipments to Japan.
The State Department regarded the
1911 treaty as a legal obstacle in the
way of a resolution by Senator Pitt-
man (Dem.-Nev.) calling for the em-
bargo. Article 5, paragraph three, of
the pact, said: "Nor shall any pro-
hibition be enforced by either coun-
try on the importation or exportation
of any article from or 'to the terri-
tories, of the other which shall not
equally extend to the like article im-
ported from or exported to any other
country."

IFl

Excursion Will Be

In Berlin
of Propagai
pictured B
"crawling (
Russia. "NE
the much-i
and French
General I

an

fI

itish-French-Russian
rsations be started
r Angriff, newspaper
Minister Goebbels,
n and France as
the ground" before
uch has remained of
.ted English dignity
eriority," it said.
co in Burgos was"re-
I by violent attacks
ier, who is chief ad-
e collaboration with
any, and who is new
Interior. Franco had
him amost unlimited
iier, but opposition
monarchists, frnm
I army and even from
o the generalissimo.
culation as to Mus-f
1hsts at King's Cross
ailway Stations and
of an important can-
'erpool, the House ofI
the foreign debate,I
ut division a bill to
Republican Army.
Groups To Visit
ubiic Saturday
Boys' Trades School
is being planned for

Study Of Mixteco
Constant objective study of Mix-
teco, an unwritten and hitherto un-
studied language, has enabled Mr.
Pike to prepare a primer of the
language for use by the Mexican
government in its program of pri-
mary education among the Indians.
His ultimate purpose, however, is to
prepare a translation of the Bible
into Mixteco. Some of the prob-
lems faced in this task he will ex-
plain in today's discussion.
Music Clinic Holds
Afterrioon Concert
A special concert by the various
clinic ensemble groups of the High
School Music Clinic, now in session
under the auspices of the music
school, will be given at 4:30 p.m. to-
day in Hill Auditorium.
Conductors will be Charles E. Gil-
bert, woodwind ensemble; Elmer
Fetherston, flute ensemble; Russell
Howland, clarinet quartet; Joseph
White, horn quartet; Dale Harris,
brass quartet; and Cleo Fox, trom-
bone quartet. There will be no charge
for admission.

Distortion Of
System For
Condition Is

Economic
War-Time
Cause

rec

Japan Would Not Accept Peace
On Any Terms, Lockwood Claims

t
Cl
p
C

By HARRY M. KELSEY
Japan wouldn't accept peace now
if it were handed to her on a silver,
platter, Dr. William W. Lockwood,
Jr., secretary of the research staff cf
the American Council of the Institure
of Pacific Relations and visiting
member of the faculty of the Insti-
tute of Far Eastern Studies, as--, ted
in a lecture yesterday on "Th.1 Real
Economic Problem in Japan."
This is true, Dr. Lockwood claimed,
because of the distortion of the en-
tire Japanese economic structure to
provide for the needs of a war-ime

German Universities Suffer By
The Loss Of Trained Professors,

The School, also known as the Ford
Republiceaccommodates 150 boys
who are learning some useful trade.
All students in education courses,
psychology -and mental hygiene who
are interested in making this trip may
leave their names with their instruc-
tors today and tomorrow so that final
arrangements can be completed. Miss
Rosalind G. May is in charge of the
trip.
Last Lockwood
TaK IsToday
Japan In North China Is
Subject Of Lecture
Last of a series of three lectures
on the present situation in China will
be presented at 4 p.m. today in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham School
by Dr. William W. Lockwood, Jr.,
of the research staff of the American
Council of the Institute of Pacific
Relations and visting member of the

condition in that country. The prb-
ems of reconstruction and readjust- i
ment that peace would necessitate
meeting would be too much for Japan
at the present time, he said.
At the same time, he claimed, 'the
war in China is a terrific strain on
the Japanese economic system. She is
paying for the war in many ways, he
pointed out, some being deficit spend-
ing, rising taxes, restrictions in vari-
ous ways on consumption and longer
hours and lower real wages for her
workers; at the same time Iv'r mili-
tary expenditures are heavy, pier con-
sumption is increasing faster than
her production, which has ceased to
increase, and her export trade is'
slumping,
This export trade, Dr. Lockwood
told, is perhaps the most important
item to Japan economically. 'Not hav-
ing sufficient naturalresources of
her own, he said, she must depend
on foreign nations for her raw ma-
terials and must depend on her ex-
ports to bring in enough to baleance
the expenditures for these materials.
From 1928 to 1936, while the wvoild
in general was experiencing a great
financial depression, Japan was hav-
ing her greatest business boom, Dr.
Lockwood stated. At the expense cf
rival industrial nations, she was
flooding foreign markets with cheap
manufactured goods, produced at low
costs because of an enormous supply
of cheap labor, he said. The profits
from this trade went into the Man,-
churian campaign, the armaments in-
dustry and big business, leading to an
expansion of war industries and a
corresponding decrease in peace-time
industries, Dr. Lockwood pointed out.
Japan's greatest problem, Dr. Lock-
wood insisted, is her population,
which, after three centuries of com-
parative stabliity, has doubled in the
last half century. On the Japanese
islands, he asserted, there are now
living about 70 million people.
Biberich Does Magic
." .r zT .

To Put-In-Bay On Lake
Erie NextWednesday
Reliving early American days in
he surroundings of Greenfield Vil-
age near Dearborn, more than a
score of students visited the Village
and the Edison Institute as the ob-
ect of the Ninth Summer Session Ex-
cursion yesterday.
The group, under the leadership of,
Prof. Carl J. Coe, director of ex-
cursions, left from in front of Angell
Hall in busses at 1 p.m., returning
n time for their dinners.
Greenfield Village, besides its colon-
al buildings, was found to contain
whole museums of antique furniture
pieces, china, silver, and bric-a-brac.
The Edison Institute, where Thomas
Edison and Henry Ford, owner of
the Village, had many a long talk
luring Edison's last years, includes
the great inventor's original labora-
tories at Menlo Park, moved in their
entireties to Dearborn. Even Edi-
son's personal library is included in
the collection.
The next excursion, last of the
series, will be to Put-In-Bay in Lake
Erie, and will be held Wednesday,
Aug. 2.

t
t
r

Embargo Japan.
Consequently, if the United States
wanted to embargo shipments to
Japan, she would have to do so with
regard to all other nations as well as
long as the treaty remained in force.
Senator Vandenberg (Rep.-Mich.)
introduced a resolution some days ago
calling for the abrogation of the 1911
treaty with a view to possible nego-
tiation of a new one affording better
protection to American rights in
China.
The abrogation caught the Capital
by surprise. At 9:30 p.m. the State
Department telephoned to newspaper
correspondents and asked them to
come to the Department for a news
release. At 10 o'clock an official hand-
ed them the text of the release.

Professor Gratia,
Expert, Gives

Feline Influence In Androcles'
Threatens To Be Show-Stealing

Another Virus
Lecture Todk

Belgium
Talk

Not only has the prestige and value1
of the German universities been low-
ered by replacing intelligent, well-1
trained professors by men who have
been selected on a basis of political
reliability .and physical stamina, but.
the economic importance has been1
decreased by reducing the enro.1-
ment, Prof. James K. Pollock of the
political science department, told an
audience of more than 200 in his talk
on "Education Under Fascism" last
night at the Union.
Professor Pollock, author of the
recently published book, "The Gov-
ernment of Greater Germany," paint-
ed a picture of higher institutions of
learning B. H. (Before Hitler) which
served as an inspiration and leader
to men of learning all over the world,
compared to the present educational
system entirely devoid of academic
freedom.
In Germany, the professor is a state
official Professor Pollock explained,
QVA - a ,.i amnv -. rnm nffi i

the racially and politically approved
student who is subjected to a school
term of 12 years cut down from the
13-year period to facilitate the plac-
ing of the young men in the army.
A two-year labor service preceededj
by membership in the Hitler Youth
by girls and boys between the ages
of 10 and 18 aids further in the com-
plete alienation of the child from.
the influence of the family and with
the indoctrination of Nazi ideals,{
Professor Pollock pointed out.
No one can accuse the Germans
of taking halfway measures, he as-.
serted, to educate their people to the
Nazi way of thinking. "Their edu-
cational system surpasses anything.
I've ever seen" he said, "for organiza-
tional efficiency complete coordina-
tion, racialization, unification and
simplification with emphasis on pre- I
history, race and sports."
In America emphasis is laid on the
power of the individual in contrast
to the nlei ytof the German. he said.

JUNE CAMPBELL McKEE
The affections of animal-loving An-I
drocles lack no objects in the current
run of Shaw's sprightly play; fromx
kitten to lion they entrancingly run.S
The tiny titian "Tommikins" is part
of a family of three, with brothert
and sister black and grey. Born int
West Virginia four weeks ago, hist
mother is a real Persian, and father,1
well, traveling man of dubious heri-
tage.- Especially susceptible to strok-
ing, and impervious to any degree of
emoting ensuing, Tommikins snoozes
and snuggles on Andocles, from
shoulder to back, during his scene.
After performing he peacefully sleepsl
in a bridal-veiled box in the costumeI
room.
However, most basking in the at-+
tentions of Ray 'Androcles' Pedersonl
is Tommy, the "lioney-pioney." He
proves himself a most versatile lion,
well fulfilling all Shaw demands of
him. And James Moll said lion will
tell you that these demands are
nlenty.

Riotous is that rapturous waltz;
Lion Moll performs, embracing An-
drocles, and his prologue thorn-in-
paw movement is something of stellar
sterlingity. The dance work is well
directed by Fany Aaronson, of Ben-
nington fame and Detroit note. In
the dancing's early execution, par-
ticularly problemsome was the slow-
ing down for the relentless, ponder-
ing precision required. The dance
proves so terrific that after each per-
formance the lion-skin has to under-
go sundry stitching on paws and body,
to enable its carrying on.
Officially, the skin is rated "Lion
number three" in the stock store of
the 'New York costumers. It blinks
and rolls its eyes, and requires a deal
of aid to rope, snap and hook in its
human element, who by that time is
well loaded with water for the up-
coming doings of dustiness. Along
with the horribe hotness within, Moll
finds that the skin weighs around 12
pounds, and his own weight decreases
about as much.

Plant and insect viruses will be the
subject of a popular lecture at 5 p.m.
today in the Lecture Hall of the
Rackham Building by Prof. Andre
Gratia, visiting lecturer from the
Laboratorie de Bacteriologie, Uni-
versity of Liege, Belgium.
The lecture will be the third in a
series presented here by Professor
Gratia on the subject of viruses. Pro-
fessor Gratia has been especially
active in investigating methods of
classification and investigation of
viruses and bacteriophage by use of
the new ultracentrifuge.
Concluding lecture of the series will
deal with the subject of ultracentri-
fugation, and will be given at 4:15
p.m. tomorrow in Room 1528 East
Medical Building.
Dow To Reinstate Workers
WASHINGTON, July 26 -(1P)-
The Dow Chemical Company of Mid-
land, Mich., was ordered by the Na-
tional Labor Relations Board today
to reinstate 30 former employes and
to disband the Midland Chemical
Workers Association as a collective
bargaining agency.
Carillon Concert Today
gidnpv F. Giles.carilnneur.

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