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July 12, 1938 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1938-07-12

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The Weather
Partly cloudy today and to-
morrow; somewhat warmer to-
morrow and in northeast today.

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Editorials
Justice Cardozo:
Philosophic Liberal...
The 'Onesidedness'
Of The NLRB ..

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I

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVIII. No. 13 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, JULY 12, 1938
___________________________________________________________________________ '

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Corbett Says
Nations Need
Law's Control
World's Business Carried
On Under Regulations
Of International Law
Traces Development
From Ancient Days
"International law today means the
subordination of the claims of any in-
dividual state to the general interest
of the community of states, and
therefore limits the sovereignty of
states," Prof. Percy E. Corbett of Mc-
Gill University said last night in his
lecture on "Conflicting Doctrines in
International Law," the second in
a series of four public lectures by
members of the faculty of the Sum-
mer Session in International Law.
"It needs to be constantly borne in
mind," Professor Corbett pointed out,
"that a vast mass of world business
is being carried on every day in ac-
cordance with rules of law to which
states willingly bow because they
recognize their membership in a world
community which can only be kept
together by law."
Professor Corbett said that many
people say that the very state of world
affairs i ample proof for them that
there is no international law. "But
the violence of the aggressor in in-
ternational affairs," he explained, "is
no more proof of the absence of law
than is the crime of the gangster and
racketeer within the state."
Professor Corbett traced the de-
velopment of international law from
its foundations in ancient times
through the 19th century, when in-'
ternational law was thought of mere-
ly as morality.
He pointed out that internationalI
law has no definite source of author-
ity such as states have in their con-
stitutions. However, he said, since
the World War the swing in interna-t
tional law has 'been away from the
"morality" idea and toward the ideat
that internationalawris actualW be-<
ing established, as humanity realizest
that the whole world constitutes, forr
many important purposes, one com-
munity.t
"This law derives its authorityt
from the common realization that at
universal law is necessary to protectl
the interests of one state against an-
other and to preserve and enhance
the interests of mankind as a whole,"
Professor Corbett said.-
Professor Corbett is widely recog-;
nized as an authority upon questionst
involving diplomacy between thet
United States, Great Britain, and
Canada, and conducts courses deal-
ing with such cases in the Summer
Session.
All the public lectures in this series
are held at 8 p.m. in the small audi-
torium of the Rackham School. Mon-
day, July 18, Mr. George A. Finch,
managing editor of the Americant
Journal of 'International Law, will1
speak on "Justiciable and Non-Jus-
ticiable Disputes"; and on Monday,
July 25, Prof. Jesse S. Reeves of the
political science department will1
speak on "International Boundaries."
Scholars Dependent
On Archaeologistst
Pen and spade form an inseparable
combination when itscomes to un-
locking the Bible's secrets of the
great past, Prof. Leroy Waterman,
head of the Oriental Languages and
Literature department, told the open-

ing luncheon meeting of the Anmeri-
can Standard Bible Committee at-
tended by 116 persons in the Union
yesterday.
Pointing out the dependence of
modern translators of the Bible on
the progress of archaeology in order
to transcribe into a current vernacu-
lar understandable to the laymen,
Professor Waterman expained, a suc-
cessful and reasonably accurate
achievemtn could be made only with
the information of the newest dis-
coveries.
Burns Prove Fatal,
To Chinese Student
Shu-Chi Shen, graduate student of
chemical engineering, 28 years old, of
Hopei, China, died early Sunday af-
ternoon of burns he received before
escaping a blaze last Saturday morn-
ing in a nom adioining his basement

Michigan Women Safe
After Perilous River Trip

These two smiling women, Lois Jotter (left) and Alzada Clover,
have just landed at Lee's Ferry, Ariz., at the conclusion of the first
leg of their voyage down the Colorado River. They are both of the
University botany department.
Complete First Leg Of Journey Down Treacherous
Colorado River In Motorless Boats;
Report Voyage 'Swell'
With the completion of the first leg of the perilous journey in motorless
boats down the Colorado River, two University of Michigan women scientists
stand out as heroic pioneers and' potential record-breakers.
Never has a women successfully navigated the treacherous waters of the
Colorado River, and yet, when Miss Alzada Clover, 40, and her assistnt, Miss
Lois Jotter, 25, both of the University botany department, arrived three
days late at Lee's Ferry, Ariz., on "
July 4, after disheartening mishaps
while passing Cataract Canyon on the SecondFaculty
Colorado, they reported that the voy-
age was "exciting" and "swell" evene
though the press throughout the O c r e
that the expedition, of which the wo- At 8:30 Today
men were members, was lost.J
Another of the Michigan represen-
tatives in'the expedition, Eugene At- Bidwell, Brinkman, Pick,
kinson of the geology department, left Will
the group upon its arrival at Lee's Besekirsky l Pay ;
Ferry for research work in Texas, say- Van Deursen Will Sing
ing that the trip thus far had served
its purpose, that of botanical study. The second Faculty Concert in the
Don Harris of Soaa Springs, Ida., an summer series will be held at 8:30
employee of the Federal Geological :.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
Survey, also left the expedition with Several School of Music faculty
the explanation that he had been members have arranged a program of
transferred to Salt Lake City and varied instrumental and vocal music.

Martin Luther
Is Discussed
BySchwiebert
Renaissance Group Hears
Reformation Expert Talk
On Life Of Reformer
Schools Propagated
Luther's Teachings
There was much medievalism but
little modernism in Martin Luther
and his contributions to the age of
the Renaissance, Prof. Ernest G.
Schwiebert of Valparaiso University
declared yesterday speaking in con-
junction with the Graduate Confer-
ence on Studies of the Renaissance.
Luther, who received his education
in Roman Catholic Schools and spent
20 years of his life in a Catholic mon-
astery, was classified by Professor
Schwiebert as a philosopher before
his discovery of "justification by
faith," the doctrine which today is
the basis of the Lutheran religion,
After his discovery of. the "justifi-
cation" theory, he said, Luther real-
ized that ifhe was to learn the com-
plete story of Christianity he would
have to depend on the testimony of
the Bible.
Luther Becomes Exegete
In order to secure this testimony,
Luther became, Professor Schwiebert
said, a Biblical exegete, that is, a
student or interpreter of the Bible.
He then began to study ancient Greek
and Hebrew and was classified with
the Humanists. It is to be seen, Pro-
fessor Sihwiebert pointed out, that
Luther underwent in this period, a
definite historical evolution from his
early teaching.
The Reformation, he emphasized,
was essentially an educational move-
ment. It did not develop very rapidly
in Germany until schools delivering
the Lutheran tenets had been estab-
lished. The center of the educational
movement in Germany was the
University of Wittenberg. The in-
fluence of that seat of learning, where
Luther taught, spread out into Ger-
many and had much to do with in-
culcating Luther's principles into the
German mind.
Clarifies Melancthon Issue
Professor Schwiebert pointed out
that much misapprehension exists as
to the relation of Melancthon and
Luther. When Melancthon, the pol-
ished scholar, reorganized the Univer-
sity of Wittenberg into a Lutheran
fountainhead, it was Luther, the self-
styled plodder, who was the guiding
spirit and counselor behind Melanc-
thon. It is true, however, Professor
Schwiebert said, that Luther's great-
est weakness was in his approach to
the fine arts, which he did not ap-
preciate.
Scientific Apparatus
Displayed This Week
An exhibit of scientific apparatus
sponsored by the Central Scientific
Company for the benefit of science
instructors, supervisors, and adminis-
trators will be on display today and
extending through Friday, in the bi-
ology laboratory of University High
School, C. E. Wideck, representative
in charge announced yesterday.
Last year the exhibit proved to be
the most popular display presented
there. In addition to the features of
last year's show, which included the
latest developments in scientific ap-
paratus, supplies for elementary scia-
ence, physics and chemistry, will be a
special unit, the source of an ultra

violet ray radiation of 3,000 lumens.
Literature and pamphlets showing
the latest thing in scientific appara-
tus will be available to visitors who
are invited to attend free of charge.
Engineers Registration
Board Holds Meeting
A routine meeting of the Michigan
board for the registration of archi-
tects, Professional Engineers and
Land Surveyors took place last Fri-
day and Saturday, in the West Engi-
neering Building. Prof. Charles I.
Olmstead, Assistant Dean of Students
in the Engineering College, was in
charge as secretary of the board.
The meeting dealt mainly with the
registration for exemption after 12
years of active service, a law put
into effect last January. The meet-
ings are held at irregular intervals,
depending on the problems which
as.

Learning To Swim At Fresh Air Camp

. Instruction in swimming is one of the featured activities at the Uni-
versity's Fresh Air Camp on Patterson Lake. 300 boys, selected by welfare
agencies and detention homes, attend each summer.
Tag Day Contributions Will Send
300 Ainn .Arbor, Boys T o Camp,
___ __

Adult Control
Over Nation's
Youth Scored
At Discussion
Dr. Brashares Addresses
First Forum Of Week
Of 'ReligiousEmphasis'
Prof. McClusky
Supports Thesis

Underprivileged Lads Get i
Needed Exercise, Food,
Sun At Patterson Laker
By HARRY SONNEBORN
Before you walk by those Tag Day
salesmen on the diagonal next Fri-
day and Saturday with a consciouslyt
far-away look in your eyes, pause
and consider the situation. There is
a twofold advantage in dropping a
dime or so in the bucket, although
you may not be aware of it at first.j
The immediate advantage is that
you will be given a colored tag to
wear, which means that no more will
you have to rush by the tag-sellers
as if you were delivering a message
to Garcia. And, of course, the more
Ford Excursion
I s Tomorrow
Prof. Rouse Directs Trip
To River Rouge
Continuing the series of University
Excursions, a party of Summer Ses-
sion students under the leadership, of
Prof. Louis Rouse of the mathematics
department will visit the Ford Motor
Co. River Rouse plant tomorrow.'
Private buses will transport the
excursion group to and from its des-
tination, leaving at 12:45 p.m. and
returning to Ann Arbor at 5 p.m.
Located a few miles west of De-
troit the River Rouse Plant employs
when working at capacity, a force of
approximately 100,000 men.
Expenses for the whole trip are esti-
mated at $1.25 per person. Reserva-
tions for the trip are being taken in
the office of the Summer Session at
1213 Angell Hall.

important advantage is that you will
be helping some one of Ann Arbor's
underprivileged boys to spend a
month at the University's Fresh Air
Camp on Patterson Lake.
What that month at camp means
to the boy simply cannot be explained
in cold words. It can be pointed out,
of course, that possibly 300 lads will
have an opportunity to enjoy fresh
air, wholesome food, and pleasant
freedom for one month; that you
may well be able to understand if
you are confined to Ann Arbor during
the summer. The contrast is even
greater when you realize that these
boys are selected from the least priv-
ileged and most needy ih Ann Arbor.
The University Fresh Air Camp
was founded in 1919 by Lewis C.
Reimann, '16, and Thomas S. Evans,
director of a Pennsylvania Y.M.C.A.
camp. Reimann was at that time
connected with the SCA, and was
chosen director of the camp for its
first summer.
Through personal visits and solicit-
ed letters, Reimann raised $2,567,
which enabled the first camp to re-
main open for six weeks in June,
July, and August of 1919. 130 boys,
selected by welfare agencies and ju-
venile detention homes, camped at a
site north of Port Huron, with Uni-
versity students serving as counsel-
lors and leaders during the four ten-
day periods.
The camp's success and desirabil-
ity became so marked that year and
in the years following that in 1923
H. B. Earhart and M. A. Ives donated
the present $12,000 camp site on Pat-
terson Lake.
The Student Religious Association
took over the campus contacts and
the camp committee, headed by Pro-
fessor Menefee, under the direction
of Homer Grafton, guided the camp's
diestinies until 1931, when George
G. Alder was placed in his present
position of camp. director.

By BEN M. MARINO
There can be no concentrated
outh movement in the United States
ntil the adults relinquish the heavy
ontrol they exert upon young people
a both church and school, Dr. C. W.
rashares, First Methodist Episcopal
ninister said today at the first after-
ioon forum inaugurating the "week
, religious emphasis" on the campus.
Prof. Howard Y. McClusky of the
school of Education supported this
iosition. with the statement that the
mly youth movement which had a
ague right to that term was that
anifested in individual groups'such
,s YMCA, YWCA, Epworth League,
)xford groups, Boy Scouts. These
i turn, he continued, were not true
outh movements because there is a
Lck of cohesion and united action.
Louth Termed 'Docile?
Today's youth is imbued with a
trange d o c i 1 i t y, Dr. Brashares
harged, which he doubts was learned
uring the past four years of New
Deal government. He quoted statis-
ics from two popular magazine sur-
eys conducted recently by Life Maga-
'me and Survey Graphic on the youth
iuestion to bear out his point. He
laimed that the individual move-
ents, although believing in social re-
orm and social ideals yet lack the
unity and concerted action demanded
if the real youth movement.
The realization of a youth move-
rent in this .country, Professor Mc-
;usky pursued, is to come only
hrough the hand in hand progress
if adult education and youth action.
Radical Groups Mentioned
During the discussion which fol-
owed these remarks reference was
nade by the student members of the
anel, Mildred Sweet and John Platte
grads., to the movement represented
y the Young Communist League, the
Student Alliance and othier progres-
ive groups. The consensus of opin-
'on, however, as stated by Professor
vlcClusky, was that these groups were
not a true spontaneous youth move-
nent, but the reflected movement of
dult actions before them.
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, student
eligious counselor on the campus
presided at the meeting which was
attended by a near capacity crowd.
Today's forum will concern itself
with "Inter-Faith Problems." Ken-
neth Morgan, director of the Student
Religious Association, will be in
charge.
Indies' Political
Life Discussed
Vandenbosch Describes
Autonomy Wish
An increased desire for autonomy,
weakening of the influence of the leg-
islature and a marked shift to the
right were designated as the chief po-
litical developments of m o d e r n
Dutch East India by Dr. Amry Van-
denbosch of the University of Ken-
tucky, in the fifth of a series of lec-
tures being given in conjunction with
the Institute of Far Eastern Studies.
Dr. Vandenbosch declared there is
no inconsistency in the fate 'that the
increased desire for autonomy coin-
cides with the increasing conserva-
tism of all political and religious par-
ties in the Dutch possession. There is
no definite understanding even on
the part of the various exponents of
autonomy themselves as to what con-
stitutes autonomy, he said, adding
that the interpretations of autonomy
range from demands for equal status
with the eNtherlands to complete po-
tiical and economic independence.
Colloquium Tonight
Will Hear Kramers
Prof. H. A. Kramers of the Uni-
versity of Leiden, Netherlands, will

be the speaker at 7:30 p.m. today

would have to report for work here
immediately.
The expedition is now resting at
Lee's Ferry awaiting replacements
before leaving for Boulder Dam, Colo.
The scientists, led by Norman D.
Nevills of Mexican Hat, Utah, have
passed what many who have made
the trip consider to be the most
treacherous points of their journey,
the 300 miles from Green River, Utah,
past the whirpool junction of the
Green with the Colorado River,
through Cataract Canyon to Lee's
Ferry.
The women have retained their,
courage in the face of unexpected
hardship, the loss of one of their
small craft, and spending nights sep-
arated in an unknown region. Expect-
ed at Lee's Ferry on July 4, no word
was heard from the expedition until
July 7, when a radio operator report-
ed that the scientists had passed
Cataract Canyon, and then later the
same day two Coast Guard aviators
from El Paso, Tex., reported sighting
and communicating with them.

Prof. Marshall Bidwell will offer a
group of organ selections; Prof. Jo-
seph Brinkman and Prof. Wassily Be-
skirsky, pianist and violinist respec-
tively, will play a sonata written by
Prof Healy Willan, guest instructor
in the Summer Session; Prof. Hardin
Van Deursen, baritone, will sing a
group of Shubert melodies, accom-
panied by Mrs. Ava Comin Case; and
Hanns Pick will play Variations on a
Rococco Theme for violincello, with
Chamber Orchestra accompaniment.
The program is as follows: "Cio-
cona con variazioni" by Karg-Elert;
"Allegro vivace" by Sammartini; "Ca-
non in B minor" by Schumann; "Fin-
ale from Symphonie Gothique" by
Widor-all played by Mr. Bidwell.
"Sonata No. 1 in E minor" by Wil-
lan in its three movements offered by
Mr. Brinkman and Mr. Besekirsky.
"Der Wanderer," "An Meer", "Du
Bist Die Ruh" and "Die Forelle" by
Schubert and sung by Mr. Van Deur-
sen. "Variations on a Rococco Theme"
for violoncello, with Chamber Or-
chestra accompaniment.

II

....... .. o --

Whitford Kane Interrupts Work
To Discuss Shoemakers Holday'

Session Offers Unique Course
In Traffic Safety Problems

By CARL PETERSEN
Whitford Kane passed a comb
through his short, wiry hair, now be-
ginning to fleck with gray and rue-
fully remarked, "Guess I'll have to
use some coloring this presentation-
I have a line 'There isn't a speck of
gray in my head,' and I guess I can't
get by this time."
Mr. Kane, who takes the role of
Simon Eyre and also directs the
Repertory Players' production of
"The Shoemakers' Holiday" opening
Wednesday night at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre, was in his dressing
room last night hunting up his cos-
tume, answering assorted questions
from the cast and trying to keep his

By GORDON LAINGa
Proof that present-day college cur-c
ricula are keeping pace with rapidly
changing times is well illustrated ine
one of the most unique Summer Ses-
sion courses ever offered Michigant
students, entitled, "Civil Engineering
45a, Motor-Vehicle Accidents." De-
signed to present a comprehensivet
study of the causes and means of pre-
vention of traffic accidents, thist
course attacks a problem of growingt
importance to the entire country, and{
one which legislators and civic or-
ganizations have all too often .proved
incapableof solving.
The reduction of our notoriously
high traffic accident fatality rate;
through selective enforcement of ru-
dimentary traffic laws and selective

are responsible for the vast majority
of fatal collisions...
It is with selective education in this
latter class that high school teacherst
enrolled in "C.E. 45a" are especiallyt
concerned. "In recent years school
training has made children modelt
pedestrians," Professor Morrison stat-
ed, "but in high schools everywhere
the education of young drivers hast
been sadly neglected. When the need
of instruction for high school age'
drivers' is fully recognized, a great
step will have been taken toward re-
ducing our death toll because of care-
less driving."
But despite its strictly modern fla-
vor, "C.E. 45a" is far from being wtih-
out precedent at Michigan. As early
as 1920 the Department of Highway
Engineering of the engineering col-
lege recognized a need for traffic ac-

11 $1.1k;t ..

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