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July 01, 1938 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1938-07-01

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FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1938






Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Publishec every dorning mxcept Monday during the
>! University 'Year and Summer Session
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
It or-)ot otherwise coredited in tihs newspaper.- All
rights tofrepublication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
t*i.00;' by mail, 44.50.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1937-38
NationalAdvertising Service, Inc.
Colege Publishers Reresuntav,
420 MADisoN AVE. NEW YORK, N. Y.
Board of Editors
Managing Editor . . . Irving Silverman
City Editor . . . . Robert I. Fitzhenry
Assistant Editors . . . Mel Fineberg,
Joseph Gies, Elliott Maraniss, Carl Petersen,
Suzanne Potter, Harry Sonneborn,
Business Department
Business Manager . . . . Ernest A. Jones
Credit Manager . Norman Steinberg
Circulation Manager . . . J. Cameron Hall
Assistants . . Philip Buchen, Walter Stebens
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
It is important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
for it to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
-Alexander G. Ruthven.
Mass Education And
The Faculty Reception.-.-.
M ODERN mass education has brought
to the American university a la-
mentable deficiency-that of absence of close
contact and the inter-discussion outside of the
classroopm between the faculty and the students.
In large lecture courses the professors seldom
know more than a dozen of their itudents. The
professors can ,hardly convey, within the time
limits, their full knowledge of and experience
with their subjects to a large, impersonal, dis-
associated panorama of "intellects." It remains
then, for the students to seek further, to meet
the professors on more personal and understand-
ing 'grounds so that they may know the subject
better through knowing the prdfessors better; it
remains for the educators to reciprocate by of-
fering these students the opportunity of knowing
them and their courses better.
Because of this difficulty of adequate extra-
curricular student-faculty relations during the
ordinary routine of the University, the faculty
reception at the Rackham School tonight as-
sumes special importance. This reception should
be used by students and faculty alike to break
down these barriers of formalized education and
peer into the personal and human side of edu-
cation-that which is more informative, intel-
lectually more fundamental, honest and sincere.
-Irving Silveran.
The 'Realistic'
British Policy..*
T H surprising thing about the Brit-
ish protest on the bombing of Brit-
ish ships by Spanish Insurgent and Italian
planes is that Prime Minister ChambeIlain's
patience wore so well. The repeated attacks on
British ships have been one of the strangest epi-
sodes of the Spanish war. Other nations, it is
true, have had their vessels attacked-on June
19 the American steamer Wisconsin was struck
by a bomb which tore a hole in her deck-but the
historic boast of the safety of English citizens

and English property in every part of the world,
the traditional British mastery of the seas, and
the fact that most of the ships affected have been
British have made the British aspect of the
matter especially interesting and puzzling. The
following partial list of British ships attacked
in recent months provides some measure of the
strange passivity of the British government:
January 16: The Seabank bombed but not hit,
in the port of Burriana.
January 20: The Thorpeness bombed in the
harbor of Tarragona. Seven of the crew killed
and eight wounded.
January 27: The Dover Abbey bombed and the
captain killed.
February 4: The Alcira attacked and sunk,
the crew saved by Loyalist ships.
March 15: The Stanwell bombarded in the
port of Tarragona. Three of the crew killed and
17 wounded.
April 17: The Hellfern damaged in the bombing
of Cartagena.
Anril 25 The Celtic Rtar, the Stanlake. the

The Euphorbia bombed in Barcelona, the cap-
tain and first officer wounded.
,May 20: The Arnold attacked off Culera, unhit.
May 22: The Penthames set on fire in the port
of Valencia. Three of the crew wounded.
May 25: The Thorpehall sunk two miles off
May 28: The Greatend bombed for the third
time in the port of Valencia and sunk.
May 31: The Penthames sunk in the port of
June 4: The tanker Maryad set afire in the
harbor of Alcante. Four members of the crew
killed and three wounded.
June 6: The freighter St. Winifred set fire in
the same harbor. Three of the crew killed and
the observer for the Non-intervention Commit-
tee, ironically enough, knocked unconscious.
June 7: The freighter Thorpehaven wrecked
in the harbor of Alicante and the bulk carrier
English Tanker set fire. The cargo boat Thurston
June 8: The dredger Gandia sunk in the port of
June 9: The Isadora bombed off Castellon de
la Plana.
June 10: The Thorpehaven bombed and ma-
chine-gunned for the second time and sunk, and
the-St. Winifred wrecked, in the harbor of Al-
cante. The Stanray machine-gunned off Gandia.
June 15: The Thurston set fire, and the Sea-
pharer sunk in Valencia harbor.
June 18: The Marconi bombed in Valencia har-
June 22: The Thorpeness sunk by an aerial
torpedo, the Sunion burned and sunk in Valencia
Most of the attacking planes have been recog-
nized as of German and Italian make, and it is
a known fact, established by testimony of pris-
oners, that they are flown by German and Italian
air officers.' These repeated attacks on neutral
shipping constitute acts of war, at least as fully
as the U-boat raids on American shipping did in
1916-17. Certainly there is no incident in Brit-
ish history to compare with the treatment of
British shipping in the present war.
Mssolini, however, cooly offers to use his
influence with General Franc to have the
bombings stopped, although declaring that the
matter is entirely up to Franco himself.
Lloyd George calls the Chamberlain policy
"sheer dunderheadedness," and not without a
certain amount of reason. Internati6nal law and
international peace are equally indivisible, and
if the one is completely abandoned the other can
hardly last.
-Joseph Gies.
The Editor
Gets, Tod...
The Cost Of War
To the Editor:
One of the prominent and popular subjects for
conversation, "bull session" conjecture, and mere
personal muse is the subject of war. Within the
last three years, war has climbed steadily into
the fore of our minds, and we even seem to shiver
in delight at 'the possibility that it may break at
any momhent. While we are not so bellicose as
some of our relations in the family of nations,
the very fact that we do not hold more fearful
contempt for war has aroused in me the desire
that all America could have shared an experience
with me that happened a few weeks ago.
Course of events had led me to a huge hospital
plant for the care of disabled World War Veter-
ans, and I was waiting to visit with one of the
physicians when one of the nurses asked me if
I would like to look around. I said that I would
and together we started down the hall. In the
first room into which we peeked we suddenly
became aware of a sonorous voice, sounding dra-
matically as if reading from a book or manu-
script. The nurse explained, "That is the talking
record. We try to give them the advantages of
good literature and other times we teach them
Braille. All of them are blind."

"Blind'!" I echoed.
"Yes, from flying shrapnel and syphilis con-
tracted in the oversea camps. They are all dis-
abled war veterans beyond cure." We left them,
eager faced, but blank-eyed, and continued down
the-hall. Next, the nurse swung open a grilled
door and we entered a room which resembled
very closely a vast cage. I noticed the men in
groups or singly, talking or just staring nowhere.
A few hurt eyes surveyed us as we stood in the
doorway, and one of the men hurled a curse at
the nurse in a blazing barrage. I was surprised!
"Shell-shocked," she said to me. "We don't
usually keep them but they have been sent over
for internal treatments. That one over in the
corner thinks he's Napoleon, and the one on the
floor sends Christmas presents to Mrs. Astor.",
"He looks very intelligent," I said. "Yes," she
replied, "he and I went to college together. He
graduated "summa cum laude," but now-." I
understood. "But, his left breast is covered
with medals, surely they are some consolation."
She looked at me oddly. "They don't mean any-
thing to him now; and certainly they do not
mean anythihg to us."
There were other blind rooms and other cages,
wheel chairs, cripples, etc. Further down the
hall I suddenly became aware of a pungent, dis-
agreeable smell. I questioned the nurse.
"Gangrene," she answered. "We keep him
away from all the rest. It smells so." I was
wondering why the doctor had not operated.
"His is a story," she answered. "He was shell-
shocked in the war, and once home again in
Mississippi, he acted so queer that the civil au-
thorities declared he was a felon, and slapped
him in the penitentiary. The weight and tight-
ness of the ball and chain brought on the gan-
grene; but the shell-shockel 'condition ao

J/{feem lo Me
Professor William Gellermann, of Northwest-
ern University, has written a doctor's thesis on
the American Legion. I assume that it is a long
document-and that the edu-
cator furnishes data on
which he bases his conclu-
sions. Newspapers can af-
ford to give only the high-
lights, and many readers will
take sides oe way or an-:
other merely by reading the
Already one of the Le-
gion officials has attempted
to end the debate by saying that the doctor is a
Red and should go back where he came from.
That, of course, really isn't an answer. I haven't
read Professor Gellermann's report, but I want
to "horn in" on the discussion through a side
door. I think there is something to be said for
Legion leaders, both local and national.
The offices which they hold didn't drop into
their laps. At least, they went out and worked
to get themselves elected. In my opinion, it would
be an excellent thing if the articulate spokes-
men of the Legion were more liberal in their
views, but that isn't likely to happen unless the
progressives get to work and elect the kind of
men they want.
It is my understanding that approximately four
million persons are eligible to membership and
that a shade under a million now belong. Very
many have allowed their membership to lapse.
I suppose that some of them dropped out because
they didn't "like the way things are going." That
seems to be almost the poorest excuse in the
world. As far as a purely social club is con-
cerned, it is the individual's right to take it or
let it alone.
* * *
A Power In American Politics
But I don't think that right exists for any
who are eligible to societies or organizations
which may potentially play an important part
in the affairs of our nation. Whether you like
the activities of the American Legion or deplore
them, there is no denying the fact that it is a
power in American politics. Those who drop out
and then proceed to criticize the statements of
the national commander are not doing an effi-
cient job.
It may be tedious and difficult work, but their
plain duty is to retain membership and do their
best to get the sort of commander they desire at
the next convention. If the Legion needs to be
reformed, that change can best be accomplished
by Legionnaires.
I don't mean for a minute that the Legion
should be immune from criticism by outsiders.
But very few persons in power are ever con-
verted by the fact that some person who is not
eligible to the franchise assures them that in his
opinion they are black-hearted reactionaries.
The ballot box is a great leveler.
It is much more simple to kick a man out than
to convert him. On several occasions this column
has criticized the Legion, but it is my present
impression that nothing I ever said was par-
ticularly salutary whether I Was right or not. As
the years pile on I begin to believe that I have
rushed to certain fires, with the best intentions
in the world, carrying a bucket of undiluted kero-
A Million Can't Be Wrong
Four million potential Legionnaires can't all be
Fascists, or America is already gone. Even a mil-
lion can't invariably be wrong. But they can be
lazy, indifferent and inclined to let a small group
run the show.
A few years ago I was in Buffalo during a
State convention of the Legion, and during the
most important session I passed a pleasantafter-
noon in a hotel room with a couple of dozen dele-
gates drinking and listening to war stories. On
the floor of the convention officers were being

elected. Swaggering resolutions were being
passed. The convention took an attitude on a
number of public problems which seemed to me
all wrong.
I never did find out what opinion the twenty-
four absent delegates held on these matters,
None of the issues was brought up. Instead the
conversation ran along the lines of, "Do you re-
member that night in Neufchateau when Bill got
so tight at that little hotel near the station
where the newspaper men lived?"
It may be a terrible thing for high-pressure
leaders in any organization to put over policies
which are pernicious, but I think it is even
worse for the rank and file to sit idly by and
let them do it. The time to squawk is at the
meeting and not five months later.
first movement from Schubert's "Moonlight So-
nata" in the most beautiful rendition that I
had ever heard. The men really lived a full
life, once upon a time. But now their personal
afflictions and infirmaties have stolen all that.
Momentarily, perhaps, they recapture a memory
or experience which they acquired in earlier life,
but that soon fades and they are once again
"Veteran for hospitalization," number 5526, or
whatever their numbers may be.
Need I to add that this momentous visit has
instilled in me the conclusion that of all the
horrors which mankind inflicts upon itself, war
is the most destructive and far-reaching; and
that I will never again sanction that national
disputes or differences be solved by war, no
matter what the circumstances might involve.
It takes too much from a man's soul and body.
--Peter Carter.


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1938
Summer School Reception is to be
held in the Horace Rackham School
for Graduate Studies on July 1st at
8:30 p.m. The following rooms have
been assigned to the various depart-
Administrative Receiving Line, As-
sembly Room, 3rd floor, Professor
Biological Chemistry, Blue Room,
3rd floor, Professor Lewis.
Chemistry, Blue Room, 3rd floor,
Professor Schoepfle.
Hygiene and Public Health, REad-
ing Room, 2nd floor, Dr. Sundwall.
International Law, West Wing of
Assembly Room, 3rd floor, Professor
Institute of Far Eastern Studies,
Men's Lounge, 2nd floor, Professor
Library Science, Women's Lounge,
2nd floor, Dr. Bishop.
Linguistic Institute, Men's Lounge,
2nd floor, Professor Friese.
Engineering Mechanics, East Coun-
cil Room, 2nd floor, Professor Erick-
Music, Women's Lounge, 2nd floor,
Professor Moore.
Physics, Blue Room,' 3rd floor,
Professor Randall.
Renaissance Studies, East Confer-
ence Room, 3rd floor, Professor Rice.
School of Education, Reading
Room, 2nd floor, Dean Edmonson.
Speech and Play Production, Womr
en's Lounge, 2nd floor, Professor
Opening tonight at 8:30: ARMS
AND THE MAN, by George Bernard
Shaw. Michigan Repertory Players
at Lydia Mendelssohn theatre. Last
week to buy season tickets at $3.75,
$3.25, $2.75. Box office open all day,
phone 6300.
All' out-of-town members of the
American Federation of Teachers in
attendance at the summer session
are requested to send their name
address, and telephone number to
H. W. Matzke, 1422 Pontiac St. im-
Professor Irving Scott of the De-
partment of Geology will give an il-
lustrated lecture on Niagara Falls
and vicinity this afternoon, 4:30 p.m.
in the Main Auditorium of the Rack-
ham Building. The excursion to Ni-
agara Falls, a two and one-half day
trip, will start on Juy 15. Reserva-
tions for this excursion should be
made in the Summer Session Office.
There will be an excursion to the

Toledo Institute of Arts on Friday, E
July 1, under the auspices of theI
Graduate Conference on Renaissance
Studies. The bus will leave from in1
front of Angell Hall at about 12:30
and will arrive back in Ann Arbor
at about 6 p.m. Reservation should
oe made in the Office of the Sum-
mer Session, Room 1213 Angell Hall
before 4:30 on Thursday. Tickets
for the round trip will cost $1.50. o
June 28 to July 1 inclusive, Profes-
sor R. Keith Cannan of New York
University will lecture on "The
Physical Chemistry of the Proteins
and the Amino Acids." This lecture
will be at 2:00 o'clock p.m., in room
303 of the Chemistry Building. All
students of the Summer Session who
are interested are invited to attend.
Candidates now registered in the
Bureau of Appointments and Occu-
pational Information should call at
the office of the Bureau this week to
make out location blanks and bring
their records up to date. Office hours
9-12 and 2-4, 201 Mason Hall; Sat-
urday 9-12.
University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational In-
Elementary Sanskrit. A course in
elementary Sanskrit has been added
to the offering of the Linguistic In-'
stitute and is open to students of the
Summer Session. It will be held in
Room 3217 A.H., TWThF at 9
o'clock. Those interested should con-
sult Professor Fries or Professor
C. C: Fries
Circulation Notice: Due to the fact

Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members
of the University. Copy received at the office of the Summer Session
until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.

that several students made out their
registration cards improperly, sev-
eral subscriptions cannot be de-
livered until those entitled to them
call at The Daily offices. If you are
not receiving your Michigan Daily,
please present your University Trea-
surer's receipt for the Summer Ses-
sion at Daily offices with your full
name and address.
The area in which The Michigan
Daily is delivered by carrier service
comprises all streets between Main
St., east to the city limits. In case
you are living outside of this zone,
either west of Main St., or outside
of Ann Arbor, please call at the Daily
offices and give an address within the
above zone at which your copy can
be delivered. In case this absolutely
cannot be arranged, a mailing charge
must be paid at the Daily offices be-
fore your Daily will be delivered.
The Michigan Daily
Circulation Dept.
Seminar in Bible: During the week
of July 11 to 15, the University is
offering an informal Seminar on the
Bible open to all who wish to attend.
The Seminars will be held at the
Michigan Union at 12:15, Monday
through Pridhv. Tickets ,for the
luncheons will be 60c each, or $2.50
for the five. Those who do not wish
to attend the luncheon are welcome to
come only for the lecture. The lec-
tures will be delivered by:
Prof. Luther B. Wiegel, Dean Yale
Divinity School.
Prof. Leroy L. Waterman, Univer-
sity of Michigan.
Prof. William A. Irwin, University
of Chicago.
Prof. Henry A. Sanders, University
of Michigan.
Prof. James Moffat, Union Theolo-,
gical Seminary.
The Bureau has received notice of
the folloming Civil Service Examina-
tion's :
United States
(Continued on Page 3)


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