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August 17, 1938 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1938-08-17

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Mostly cloudy showers i cen- Lor
tral and east today. Cooler. An
Official Publication Of The Summer Session

d Rothermere
d Czechoslovakia .


Negrin Saves
His Ministry
Two Cabinet Members Out
In Barcelona Shake-up
Over Mobilization Order
Dissenters Objected
To Industry Control
PARIS, Aug. 16.-()-Premier Juan
Negrin's Spanish Government at Bar-
celona, weathered a ministerial crisis
today in an internal argument over
the extent of mobilization of the na-
tion for war, it was stated in advices
received by semi-official Spanish
Government circles in Paris.
Two members of the cabinet were
replaced, it was said, in a reorganiza-
tion of the government which was ex-
pected to result in "better harmony"
in relations between the Repbli-
canGovernment and the Generalidad
of autonomous Catalonia.
Labor Minister Replaced
Jaime Aguade, minister of labor, a
Catalonian, was replaced by Jose
Moix Regas of the Catalonian Unified
Socialist 'Party, and Manuel Irujo
was replaced as minister without
portfolio by a fellow Basque, Tomas
Bilbao Hospitalet, Spanish consul at
Perpigan, France.
The two replaced miisters, who
resigned, were reported to have
caused the crisis of their objection to
decrees designed to bring the war
industries more directly under the
control of the government.
A strange result of the crisis was'
the suspension of the newspaper La
Vanguardia, semi-official government
organ directed by Premier Negri
himself. He ordered the paper sup-
sppressed indefinitely for having pub-
lished a story on the crisis without
first having it passed by the censor.
War To Be Continued
An Associated Pres dispatch from
Barcelona last night declared that
the change in the Spanish Govern-
ment's cabinet "apparently had no
connection with the continuation of
the war."' Premier Negrin was re-
ported to be still in command of all
important public posts, and deter-
mined to carry on the war.
The decrees were said to be a part
of the Government's program of
combining all power under the cab-
inet. This was to include the mili-
tarization of the port of Barcelona.
Trial Of Hines
To Open Today
Stryker, Dewey Addresses
To Fill First Day
NEW YORK, Aug. 16-AP)-With a
12-man jury and two alternates chos-
en from a special list of 300 talesmen,
the state cleared the way late today
for the unfolding of voluminous testi-
mony that brought powerful Tam-
many district leader James J. Hines
to the bar to answer conspiracy
charges in a multi-million-dollar
policy racket.
The trial twill get under way to-
morrow, with indications that the
opening addresses of Distrct At-
torney Thomas E. Dewey, famed for
his racket-smashing prosecutions, and
Lloyd Paul Stryker of defense coun-
sel would take most of the day.
Veering from precedent to address
the jurors before the trial, Supreme

Court Justice Ferdinand Pecora talked
briefly about the rules of evidence
immediately after the last alternate
had been agreed upon.
His remarks, the Justice said, would
be elaborated at the end of the trial.
He reminded them that Hines, under
the American system of jurisprudence,
was entitled to the presumption of
innocence and that this benefit should
insure to him beyond a reasonable
doubt. The indictment, Pecora said,
was simply a written accusation and
carried no implication of guilt of the
When the jury was complete, 109
of the panel of 300 remained and
when Justice Pecora excused them
there was a concerted rush for the
door. The Justice told the jurymen
they would be locked up for duration
of the trial.
UAW Will Organize In

Arthur Pryor, Famed Conductor,
Ranks Revelli Among Greatest

Enthusiastic Praise Given
Michigan Musical Set-up
By Veteran Bandmaster
Greatest praise for Prof. William D.
-Revellias a band conductor and in-
structor and for .the University mu-
sical set-up was expressed yesterday
by Arthur Pryor, veteran bandmas-
ter and composer, for over half a
century prominent on the American
band scene.
Mr. Pryor, who stopped off briefly
in Ann Arbor on a vacation trip, is
leader of "The Arthur Pryor Band,"
which was established by his father
77 years ago and is ranked among the
finest concert bands in the United
States. He is the father of Roger
Pryor, ex-film star, who today leads
his own band around the vaudeville
"I have known Sousa, Da-osch
and Victor Herbert personally," Mr.
Pryor said. "and Mr. Revelli ranks
top-notch among them all. There is
no man in the United States better
equipped to do the work' which he is
doing here today, both as a conduc-
tor and as an instructor in band
About -five years ago, Mr. Pryor
said, he was judging a band contest
in Evanston, Ill. On the program
was the Hobart High School Band of
Hobart, Ind., directed by William D.
Revelli. The band chose as its selec-
tion "Les Preludes," by Liszt. "As
soon as the band finished," he said,
"I put down 100 on my score card and
turned to the other two judges. Each
had given the band a 100 score. It
was the first time in my life I had,
ever given either a high school r.r

college band a score of 100, which
means letter perfect."
Mr. Pryor praised the summer
program of the University as an ex-
cellent means of developing band
technique all over the nation. Teach-
ers of band come to the University in
the summer, he said, to study and
then take their knowledge of new
technique back to their students.
"When I was a boy," he said, "we
had to wait two years for "Gilmore's
Famous Band" to come to town be-
fore we had a chance to learn any
band technique. Now," he said, "that
knowledge is available to any stu-
dent in the United States ,through
institutions such as the University
of Michigan."

Kang Declares
Korea Writing
Is Most Vital
Stress Of Jap Oppression
Is Offering Inspiration
For Outsanding Work
Tells Embodiment
Of Oriental Mind
Korean literature, along with that
of the United States, is the most vital
in the world today, Prof. Younghill
Kang of New York University de-
clared yesterday in the second of a
series of lectures on Korea given in
conjunction with the Institute of Far
Eastern Studies.
Korean writers undergoing tor-
tures and long years in prison at the
handis of the Japanese today are
turning out pieces of literature which
will rank among the greatest works
of the age, he said. These writers
all write in pure Korean, a language
established in the 15th century to re-
place Chinese which was too difficult
for the common people to learn to
Pure Korean, Professor Kang de-
clared, is undoubtedly the most simple
language in the world today. Consis-
ting of 10 vowels and 14 consonants,
the Korean alphabet can be learned
in 10 minutes, and can be easily read
and understood.
Professor Kang also discussed the
doctrine of Chuntoism, which he
termed the "best embodiment of the
Oriental mind." Chuntoism, he said,
was the creation of a Korean who
was dissatisfied with the doctrines
expressed by Confucius and Buddha,
but opposed the introduction of;
Christianity into Korea. It embraces
some of the best teachings of those
religions and adds some of the later
Confucius, Professor Kang de-
clared, discouraged people. The be-
lief in fatalism robbed them of ambi-
tion. They felt that their lives were
ordained for them by the gods and
that, regardless of their actions, that
ordained life would be fulfilled. This
teaching Chuntoism rejects complete-
ly. It further casts out the belief in
transmigration and embraces the lat-
est advanees in science, medical and
botanical, for the betterment of the
In Chuntoism, he said, everything
exists for man, and man is, in fact as
great as God.
In his discussion of ;the literature
of the East, Professor Kang pointed
out that it is well-nigh impossible for
a westerner to write a novel of life in
the East and make it realistic be-
cause the psychology of the East and
the West are so widely different. He
described "The Good Earth" as a
"readable, Class C novel," and crit-
icized it because Pearl Buck has Ang-
lo-Saxonized the characters. Many
situations which she describes are,
he said, absolutely false. She has in-

Traffic Group
Has Panel On
Evanston Safety Expert
Heads Discussion Of
Three E's Of Safety
Ban 'Fixed' Tickets
Says Chicago Judge
A panel discussion of "Enforce-
ment," held yesterday by the Nation-
al Institute for Traffic Safety Train-
ing, was presided over by Lieut. F. M.
Kreml of the Northwestern Univer-
sity Traffic Safety Institute, whose
program for traffic safety in Evans-
ton, Ill., has won nation-wide atten-
Speakers participating in the panel
included G. W. Barton, traffic en-
gineer of the Chicago Motor Club;
Judge John Gutknecht of the Mu-
nicipal Traffic Court, Chicago; El-
liot Ness, Director of Public Safety,
Cleveland; J. S. Baker, traffic safe-
ty consultant of the National Safety
Council; and Don Stifer, director of

the Indian. Department

Makes New Charges

of PublicI

t n

Loyalist Troops
Stop Insurgent,
Drive On Mines
Gen. Miaja Gains Control
Of Tunnel In Almaden
MercuryMining Center
HENDAYE, France (At the Span-
ish Frontier) Aug. 16.--AP)-panish
government reinforcements in troops
and artillery were reported tonight
to have blocked, at least temporarily,
the Insurgent drive on the Almaden
mercury mining center.
A sudden counterattack today
which marked a stiffening of Gov-
ernment resistance gave General Jose
Miaja's men control of a mountain
and railway tunnel, three miles east
of Cabeza Del Buey. The town lies
about 20 miles west southwest of Al-
The Insurgents, in control of
Cabeza Del Buey, were preparing a
new thrust against what had been
for days a steadily receding defense
line, when Miaja's men struck.
Tanks rumbled along a hillside to
the mouth of the railway tunnel on
the eastern side of the mountain.
Government shock troops followed,
shielded by heavy artillery fire.
Within two hours the eastern
mouth of the tunnel was in Govern-
ment hands and Government forces
had crossed the mountain, taking po-
sitions at the western opening of tkhe
Government dispatches said 100 In-
surgents with machine-guns and
rifles were trapped inside the tunnel.

Hackly Butler
No. 1 Citizen,'
Is Dead Here
Prominent Civic Leader
Expires At 76 After Six
Months Of Ill Health
Wolcott Hackley Butler, a gradu-
ate of the Law School in 1887 and of
the literary college in 1891, rated as
Ann Arboi's "No. 1 Citizen" by vir-
tue of his remarkable record of civic
service, died late Monday evening at
his home at 1010 Monroe St. He had
been in failing health for six months,
and was 76 years old.
An insurance agent, Mr. Butler was
acting secretary of the Ann Arbor
Chamber of Commerce, with which
he had been actively affiliated since
the time of its organization in 1919.
In addition to his work in that or-
ganization which he nad served as
president, Mr. Butler was connected
with the Boy Scouts for 25 years and
was an acting city park commission-
er. He was a staunch supporter of
the Community Fund Association and
of the Ann Arbor Humane Society
which he had directed for 50 years.
The general promotion of Ann Ar-
bor's business interests has been wide-
ly attributed to Mr. Butler. He was
a former Y.M.C.A. director and had
been president of the alumni organ-~
izati ofo thelta Delta Chi fraternity
since 1900. Mr. Butler had been an
honored guest at numerous testimon-
ial dinners, on May 15, 1935 being
lauded as "Ann Arbor's No. 1 Citi-

It was the consensus of opinion of
the group that if education and en-
gineering-two of the "three E's" of
traffic safety-were 100 per cent ef-
ficient, then the third factor, en-
forcement, would not be necessary.
Death rates, it was pointed out, very
directly with the amount of enforce-
ment necessary.
Judge Gutknecht saict that four
years ago 93 per cent of traffic tick-
ets in Chicago were "fixed" through
one channel or another, and that
since this has been eliminated, the
death rate has been cut in half.
The group agreed that harshness
of enforcement was not nearly so im-
portant as certainty. Mr. Ness said,
"I am not so much in favor of a 'big
stick' as I am of a sure stick."
It was pointed out that weaknesses
in present enforcement programs in-
cluded lack of funds, lack of per-
sonnel, and inability to train officers
thoroughly. Public support, it was
agreed, is absolutely necessary to any
enforcement program.
General Motors
To Stand Trial
3 Corporations Accused In
NEW YORK, Aug. 16.-(R)-Gen-
eral Motors, Bendix Aviation Cor-
porations were charged with con-
spiracy to smash competition in the
radio equipment industry in a $720,-
000 damage suit filed today by Radio
Receptor, Inc., in Federal Court.
Radio Receptor, which said it
manufactured and sold instruments
and equipment used by government
agencies here and abroad, .charged
the defendants employed industrial
"spies" and also acquired a group of
corporations to reduce competition.
General Motors, the complaint said,
controls- stock of Bendix aviation cor-
poration which, through stock own-
ership, controls Bendix Radio.
Bendix Radio, the complaint al-
leged, was organized in 1936 for the
sole purpose of obtaining a monopoly
in the field of specialized radio ap-
paratus of the type made by radio,
receptor. The defendants, it was'.
charged, interfered with free com-
petition in interstate trade and in-
Sdulged in unfair trade practices.

* * *
Frey Ch arges
Reds Working
In WPA Group
Workers Alliance Termed
Real Front Organization
Of Communist Party.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16-(P)-The
House Committee investigating un-
American activities heard testimony,
today that the leaders of the Work-
ers Alliance, active in organizing
WPA workers, include many Com-
John P. Frey, A.F.L. leader who
already had testified that Commun-
ists held high places in many CIO
unions, gave the committee a long
list of delegates to a workers alliance
convention who, he said, were Com-
When Frey had concluded, Rep.
Thomas (Rep-NJ) said he wascon-
vinced the alliance was "one of the
real front organizations" of the Com,
munist Party.
' Later, David Lasser, Workers' Alli-
ance president, said in a statement
Jhat Frey had failed to present proof
that the Alliance was engaged in un-
American activities.
"I dare say the percentage of Com-
munists in our organization is prob-
ably less than in Mr. Frey's own or-
ganization, the machinists' union,"
Lasser said. "Yet I certainly would not
charge his organization with being
'dangerously subersive'."
The committee decided late in the
day to ask the Labor Department to
submit its complete record on Harry
Bridges, leader of the CIO's West
Coast Martime Union. Deportation
proceedings are pending against
Bridges, who has been accused of
being a member of the Communist
Edward Sillivan, senior committee
investigator, said in a report that wit-
nesses could be produced who could
tell how an immigration service offi-
(Continued on Page 3)
Strikebreakers Parade
In Downtown Marshall
MARSHALL, Aug. 16.-(P)-Carry-
ing placards urging a return to work,
70 employes of the Wilcox-Rich plant
of the Eaton Manufacturing Co. pa-
raded through the business section
today. The plant closed Monday af-
ter a dispute developed with the Mar-
shall local of the United Automobile
Workersd(CIO) over a 10 per cent
wage reduction.
Pickets encircled the plant Tues-
day. The concern manufacturers au-
tomotible valves and normally em-
ployes about 130 persons.

Roosevelt Puts
Tydings And
O'Connor On
List ForPurge
President Attacks 2 More
Opposition Democrats
On Primary Battlefront
Quotes N. Y. Post
Editorial To Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16-(P)-
President Roosevelt called in empha-
tic language today for the defeat of
Sen. Millard F. Tydings of Maryland
and Rep. John O'Connor of New York
in the coming Democratic pramiries.
.Answering a press conference ques-
tion, the Chief Executive read, and
issued as his own statement, a recent-
ly published editorial (New York Eve-
ning Post) which said Tydings was
attempting to obtain renomination
"with the Roosevelt prestige and the
money of his conservative Republi-
can friends." t
O'Connor, chairman of the impor-
Cant House Rules Committee, through
which almost all legislation must
pass, was called "one of the most ef-
fective obstructionists on the lower
House," laboring "week in, week out
. to tear down New Deal streitgth"
and "pickle New Deal legislation."
Picks Up Gauntlet
O'Connor promptly took up the
gauntlet thrown down by the Presi-
dent. In a statement issued through
his office here he said:
"Like Senator George, I,-too, accept
the challenge. The voters in the 16th'
Congressional district will alone de-
cide who will represent them in the
House of Representatives.
"The President lives in the 26th
district. 'Ham' )Fish is his Congress-
He said he expected to answer the
President in a nation-wide broad-
cast, probably tomorrow night.
The President's action in nahliing
Tydings and O'Connor as congres-
sional candidates whose renomination
he opposed because of what he con-
siders a lack of sympathy with New
Deal objectives, had been expected.
He prefaced his attack upon Tyd-
ings with a complimentary reference
last night to the Maryland Senator's
opponent, Rep. David J. Lewis, in
the course of a radio speech. Word
got about Washington several days
ago that O'Connor also had been put
upon what many have called the
"New Deal purge list."
Jovial About It
But the strength and vigor of the
language which the President 'used
had not been foreseen.
He was, however, very jovial about
it all. He had many quips and jokes
for the reporters, not the least of
which was an assertion that he had
been invited to visit all 48 of the
states, including Maine and Vermont,
the only states which went Republi-
can in 1936. Further questioning re-
vealed, however, that his invitation
to Maine had been extended by his
A reporter asked whether in the
case of Tydings, O'Connor and Sena-
tor George (Dem-Ga) who also is
on the "purge list," the presidential
disfavor was due to the fact that
these men opposed his bill to reor-
ganize the supreme court.
His reply was a vigorous negative,
with an added statement thiat he did
not expect this denial to end the
publication of assertions to that ef-
fect. The court plan, he sid, was not
a part of the Democratic platform,

and was not an issue today, since
98 per cent of its objectives had been
Explains His Reasons
The editorial which the President
read, in addition to containing his
attacks upon Tydings and O'Connor,
was an explanation of his reasons
for approving or disapproving the
candidacies of Democratic members
of Congress now seeking re-nomina-
It was headed "Why the President
'Interferes'" and began:
"'The President of the United
States ought not to interfere in party
primaries.' That statement, in one
form or another, is appearing these
days throughout the tory press."
The editorial went on to say that
the approaching party primaries
would determine the personnel of
the next Congress which, in turn,
would determine "whether or not the
President can keep his campaign

jected Western
psychology into
and, he said, the

temperament and
Eastern characters
mixture is not real-

Mock Intoxicated-Driving Trial
Presented By Traffic Institute

A mock intoxication trial, designed
to demonstrate modern methods of
dealing with the drinking driver pro-
blem, was presented at 7:30 p. m.
yesterday in the main ballroom of
the Union by members of the Nation-
al Institute for Traffic Safety Train-
Before the trial, Hon. Harry H.
Porter, Chief Justice of the Evans-
ton. Ill., municipal court, presented
a discussion of the extent of the
drinking driver problem. He quoted
statistics to show the variations in
the extent of this problem in recent
years and explained the meanings of
the phrases "intoxicated," "drinking,'
and "under the influence of intoxi-

department, was placed on the wit-
ness stand: He told about his part in1
the mythical accident, and explained
particularly how he went about ex-
amining the defendant for signs of
intoxication. He gave a detailed de-
scription of his methods in filling out
a form required in all such cases.,t
Dr'. H. A. Heise, of Milwaukee, toj
whom samples of the defendant's
urine, taken as soon as possible after
~the accident, were mailed, was called'
to the stand. He described fully the
chemical tests used to determine the
degree of intoxication. Any person
who has at least .15 per cent by'
weight of alcohol in his blood stream,
is not only intoxicated, but will show
visible signs of intoxication and is
infi* : M dvve. r- Thy T Heis sa-

Protest Japan's
Shanghai Acts
Claim Neutrality Violation
In American Sector
SHANGHAI, Aug. 17., (Wednes-
day,-(A)--Shanghai International
Settlement authorities have protested
to the, Japanese Consulate General
against "violation of the neutrality of
the settlement" by the Japanese
The protest, accusing Japanese of
participating in terroristic activities
throughout the settlement last week-
end, came as the Japanese command
sent reinforcements up the Yangtze
to renew the stalled drive against
Hankow, about which Chinese were
said to have deployed 1,000,000 de-
The note referred especially to Ja-
panese invasion of the United States
sector in which United States Ma-
rines arrested three Japanese; Ja-
panese airplanes scattering propa-
ganda leaflets over the settlement;
and presence of a group of Japanese
in a hotel room where police con-
fiscated a supply of hand grenades.
Chinese aviators today reported
Japanese were sending approximate-


Examination Schedule

Recitation Hour 8 9 10 11
Examination Time Thursday Friday Thursday Friday
8-10 8-10 2-4 2-4
All other
Recitation Hour 1 2 3hours
Examination Time Thursday Thursday Friday Friday
4-6 10-12 10-12 4-6
Deviations from the above schedule are not permitted. All classes will
continue regularly until the examination period.



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