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August 14, 1938 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1938-08-14

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board In Control of
Student IPublications.
'ublishea every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
. Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
It or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein alsO
"Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail-matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4-00; by mail, $4.50.
&Fleber, Associated Colleiate Press, 1937-38
NationalAdvertisingervice, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MAnisoN AVE. 'NEW YORK. r14.,Y.'
Board of Editors
City Editor . . . . . . Robert I. Fitzhenry
Assistant Editors . . . Mel Fineberg,
Joseph Gies, Elliot Maraniss, Ben M. Marino,
Carl Petersen, Suzanne Potter, Harry L.
Business Department
Credit Manager . . . . Norman Steinberg
Circulation Manager . . . J. Cameron Hall
Assistants . . Philip Buchen, Walter Stebens


The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
It is Important for society to avoid the
neglect of adults, but positively dangerous
fqr it -to thwart the ambition of youth to
reform, the world. Only the schools which
act on this belief are educational institu-
tions in the best meaning of the term.
-Alexander 0. Ruthven.
The New Men's
Dormitories ...
THE UNIVERSITY will make a con-
siderable inroad into the solution of
its. men's housing problen with the now prob-
a e completition of the Union Quadrangle by
t~lfall of 1939.
For several years, since the outbreak of the
depression, the University has experienced vast
influxes in enrollment until, during the past
few years, serious difficulty was met by many
men students who found a scarcity of good rooms
at prices which they could afford.
Repeated investigations by groups of the stu-
dent body, notably the Student Senate last
year, into the housing siuation brought forth
the conclusion 'that dormitories would be the
most effective in eliminating the housing prob-
lem. The ,University administration also held
thiat dormitories would be the solution. A peti-
tion to the State Legislature requesting funds for
dormitories was thought cf; the feasibility, of
providing more men's cooperative houses was
considered; several other suggestions were pro-
posed and pondered.
Dormitories for a considerable number of men
op the campus of Michigan, however, was a long-
cherished dream and one which did not seem
repaly to materialize. It was known that a quad-
rngle of dormitories surrounding the Union
wps contemplated, but its completion seemed
i. the far-distant future. But the announcement
last week that the PWA had granted 45 percent
of the total funds needed for the completion
of. construction of the Qudrangle, which was
begun with the Allen-Rumsey Dormitories, and
a dormitory for medical students, brings with it
signs of immediate relief for the housing pob-
leni. With the University also floating bonds
for the remainder of the $2,100,000 needed for
the dormitories, it means that student ocu-
pancy of -the Quadrangle will come in the near
future. Although in all the dormitories will
nouse only 1000 of the approximately 6,000 of
the male student body not living in fraternities,
yet it is an appreciable beginning.
The University may expect aid from other
s urces, too, for the building of more dormi-
tories. Alumni and friends of the University
throughout the country have interested them-
splves in the housing problem at the University
and several alumni groups have adopted ten-year
dormitory drives-to raise money within ten
years to construct dormitories on campus. The
students, too, principally through the Student
Dormitory Committee and its special projects
have raised funds to be used for dormitories and
have also attracted the interest of others to
this problem.
-Irving Silverman
Editor's Note: The author of the following article
is the wife of George w. Shepherd, Advisor to the
New Lire Movement in China. Mr. and Mrs. Shep-
herd have been working in China for many years
under the auspices of the American Board of Foreign

was the China Medical Association. The years
have rolled by, full of interesting experiences,
adventures in cooperation with Old and New
China toward a better China. The scenes of
those adventures have changed within this years'
time. The highways I have been traversing are
now running with blood. Young China is at grips
with Japan, thousands, many of them my own
friends, are this moment trudging along the
Kiangsi Highways on foot, their few worldly
possessions carried in hands, perhaps separated
from family by the confusion of refugeeing or
by the results of bombing and machine gun
fire. Women with fear clutching at their hearts,
because they know that women by the hundreds
of thousands over occupied China have suffered
rape at the hands of the invader. They are all
hungry as there has been a food shortage in
Nanchang for sometime. Disease, like cholera
and the summer dysenteries, augmented by the
humid hot weather, causes many to drop by
the roadside, thus polluting the place for those
following along. I would make these highways
real to you who first sent me there, to you and
your friends and the many guests who traverse
Michigan's Highways in ease and happiness.
'Heal Disease Wagon'
"Ai-Yah, here comes the Heal Disease Elec-
tric Wagon!" has been called up and down thous-
ands of miles of the new "dirt surfaced" highways
of Kiangsi China. Called from the doorways of
huts, perhaps anxious eyes have been searching
the road because some woman has failed in her
struggles alone to give birth. Called from the
doorways of yamens, when members of official's
families need emergency attention and perhaps
transportation to the hospital in the distant city,
Nanchang. Called from the small schoolhouses,
the government had established recently for ev-
ery hundred families. Here teacher and pupils
cooperated with doctor and nurse in prevention
of smallpox, eye and skin diseases. They learned
to swat the fly and mosquito in preventive ways
as well as with netting and swatter. Heralded
bythe farmer by the roadside, because the
rounds of the "Heal Disease Electric Wagon"
included Health Clinics of some of the Govern-
ment Reconstruction Centers. From these Cen-
ters they would help transport new seeds, new
breeds of pigs and chickens and some times the
staff would come along. The farmers came to
recognize the helpfulness of these Centers.
There have been stones too! The poor have
been bitterly poor so long and with many of
them the reaction to being forced to help surface
the roads was that of resentment, taken out on
the cars that passed along. To one who could
not read, the big beautiful green car with the
gold lettering looked like an official's car. Eighty
percent of the people have carried upon their
laboring backs those twenty percent of the
cultured of China. Changes were in process by
the new forces in the Nationalist Government,
many plans for reconstrucion and benefit of
the peasant were underway. However there had
not been time enough for the meaning of it to
permeate slow minds. Comprehension would al-
ways be quickened as service was rendered.
Along a certain troublesome route one day we
came across a man who had been hit by a car
and was lying beside the road attended only by
a crowd who took its interest out in useless ex-
cited argument over the situation in general.
First Aid was rendered and the man then trans-
ported to the nearest Health Clinic. The gesticu-
lating, vociferous crowd dispersed that night over
many bypaths and around an evening bowl of
rice and bean curd told the story of that miracle
to many others. Afterwards there were no stones
from that place.
Landslides And Bandits
Anyone who drove the roads that the "heal the
Sick Electric Wagon" has traversed had more
than stones to face, landslides, floods and Red-
Bandits. Fortunately the land had always slid
just before our arrival. Turning back was not
so bad in view of what it might have been. Dis-
cretion kept one from going any farther into a
flood than one of the party could wade out
ahead to map out the road and see that there
were no treacherous washouts. Flat tires could be
no small nuisance. If the second spare had
punctured and you were not near enough to the
capital to walk in or ride a ricksha, you would
hop a charcoal run bus, if you can hop a bus with
a spare in hand, and go to town to get it mended,

returning the next day to start all over again.
Red Bandits were the words that made hearts
stand still, for the moment. When we drove the
car in from Shanghai we wanted to go around to
Kiangsi by way of Fukien to attend a conference
as to a wider use of the traveling health clinics.
The last day of this trip we were very much
hindered by washed out bridges. One we had to
pay to be replaced and help in the replacement.
The second was half repaired when we reached
it. The delay brought us up at evening to a
beautiful old walled, city, that we should have
reached at noon. Glad we were, when told that
just at the scheduled time we would have been
passing a certain town in the middle of the
afternoon, three hundred Red-Bandits swooped
down from the mountain fastnesss and plundered
and burned the town and still held the road. They
were isolated units of the main Red Army, left
as cells when that long retreat trek was taken
to the Northwest. To exist they had to retire to
mountain fastnesses and to replenish their needs
such raids were suddenly made. We' will never
know whether our passing that way had any
thing to do with this particular raid or not. We
waited two days but the local military 'forces
wouldn't consent to our traversing that next
section of road. As we were retracing our road
we had car trouble just fifteen miles from where
two English women had lost their lives at the
hands of such forces. Arriving in Kiangsi, which
for some time had been under the new Nationalist
regime we were told that we could sleep on the
stretchers of the ambulance as it was parked be-
side the road and have no fear.
The Red Army
For ones who had lived-in the Kiangsi-Eukien
mountains where the Red Army grew up there

Ii femsr fo Me
Heywood Broun
Of all the beasts man seems to be the most
forgetful. Other animals learn not to return
to things which have caused them pain and woe.
The singed cat dreads the fire, and an elephant
will fall for some particularly
punish prank just once. But
thi sis not true of those mam-
mals who are supposed to
reason. It is not so much,
perhaps, that man forgets
but rather that he remem-
bers in reverse.
Soldiers who were up to
their necks in mud and blood
began after a little time to
talk of those same days as if they were gay and
glorious. The profession of arms and the pro-
fession of politics could hardly survive if it were
not for the human tendency to fumigate old
alleys with mignonette. Those recollections which
are beyond endurance we lay away in lavender.
And by some strange quirk we are proud of such
devious mental processes and sing blithely of
"memories which bless and burn." Nothing else
can explain the rising school of thought which
begins to contend that maybe the Old Deal was
not so bad, after all.
* * *
Nothing To Be Proud Of
To be sure, this is not said much by the men
who stoo on the myriad breadlines during the
winters of our deepest discontent. Nor have I
yet heard this gospel preached by any of the
raggedy men of the Bonus Army who were
scattered by the guns and gas of General Doug-
Las, McArthur's Expeditionary Forces. It has al-
ways seemed to me that the battle which was
waged across Anacosta Flats marks the least
honorable page in our national annals. The men
who were attacked had committed no crime save
that of being poor and miserable and homeless.
The action occurred under the administration of
Herbert Hoover in the summer of 1932, at the
very peak of the Old Deal.
Reporters say that President Hoover did not
proceed under his own steam but was actuated
by the advice of another Cabinet member who
felt it would be a shrewd stroke to convince the
country that the nation was on the eve of revolu-
tion. And, indeed, the country was in very little
need of convincing. Not in my lifetime has de-
spair ever been so widespread as it was during
the final chapters of the Old Deal.
In the streets of the City of Detroit thousands
and thousands of men stood in sullen silence
as the President of the United States drove-by
These were the unemployed whose necessities
were being taken care of by private charity. But
the black mood was not limited to the jobless.
One may hear mournful talk from captains of
industry today, but it cannot match the dire
predictions uttered by these same men in the
autumn of 1932. I remember a chat I had with a
Wall Street man in that same year. "There is no
hope," he said. "Nothing can be done. Civiliza-
tion as we have known it is gone forever."
Later Free With Curses
Two years later he was cursing out Roosevelt
and saying that business was quite competent to
take care of itself if only the government would
cease to interfere. And even in the days of the
gold rush, before the great awakening, boom
times left many communities untouched. A big
day in the market meant nothing to the share-
cropper. The unskilled worker was not in the
balloon when everything was going to '00.
I have heard critics say that under the New
Deal we have lost our sense of moral values. But
just how sensitive were our noses in the Old
Deal days when there was cynical administra-
tion for every sharp fellow who could rear a
house of cards and get the public in before the
speculation tumbled? No one man should be
singled out as the villain. The fault was systemic.
But America was sick in body and soul. "Lord
God of hosts, be with us yet. Lest we forget."

army did there. He only hints at the horrors that
accompanies a Revolution, based upon class hat-
red. For the sake of perspective in history some
one should tell that story for Mao Tze Tung has
become a world-known figure by virtue of his
interest in the peasants and the part his army is
playing in the United Front in China. We know
at least a fraction of that story. Many, many
civilians, some of them our friends, met their
death at the hands of this army and almost
always after some one of several terrible methods
of torture had been applied. Upon all who did
not acceed to the Soviet idea or continence their
methods, be he rich or poor, fell their judgment.
Democracy is a great word and should not too
easily, without more accounting, be used to hang
a curtain between the past and present. If the
years have taught the lesson that such methods
are a futile terrible waste, it is well. Cooperation,
in good will, with eyes wide open to the mistakes
of the past on all sides, is the ideal for the group
of young China with whom the "Heal the Sick
Electric Wagon" cooperates. That ambulance
was given by the Ford Motor company to the
Kiangsi Christian Rural Service Union. The
honorary head of this organization is Madame
Chiang Kai Shek. The staff is Chinese young
men and women who might have been in any
large city with many more modern facilities for
life and work, and at a larger salary. They and
many more like them stand between a grafting,
bleeding, opium encouraging officialdom of the
past, with too much of it carried into the present,
and the kind of revolution, that has been por-
trayed, repeating itself, when the need for the
United Front has past. If the best in the two
forces will unit in the Youth Movement, now un-

Where Will He Strike Next
Uncertainty as to where the Roose-
velt party primary lightning may
strike next gives an atmosphere of
breathless expectancy to the two
weeks of campaigning immediately
ahead. Otherwise, this period in
which four states pick party tickets
seems politically featureless.
The President's radio address Mon-
day night, observing the third anni-
versary of the Social Security Act,
affords him an opportunity to carry
into Maryland the crusade he began
against Senator George in Georgia.
Rep. David J. Lewis, who is running
against Senator Tydings for the Dem-
ocratic senatorial nomination in that
state, had a big hand in framing and
passing the Social Security Law. Mr.
Roosevelt could in effect endorse
Lewis against Tydings without r.am-
ing either, since Tydings voted "pres-
ent" when the act passed the Senate.
Little Else Doing
Elsewhere. the political situation
seems devoid of national interest and
possible thrills until the California
and South Carolina primaries Aug.
30, in which Roosevelt pressure will
be a factor in senatorial contests. He
came out strongly for Senator Mc-
Adoo's renomination in California.
By implication, in a South Carolina
train-stop talk, he seemed to frown
on Senator Smith's candidacy, call-
ing on his South Carolina hearers to
send New Dealers to Washington to
help rehabilitate the south. White
House disfavor for Smith has long
been indicated.
Before Aug. 30, nothing is on the
primary schedule to warrant national
interest except a Texas run-off Aug.
27 in which administration hopes ride
with Representative McFarlane's
last-chance effort to reverse anti-
New Deal trends which have been
read into his failure to win a first-
heat nomination. A run-off victory
would improve the New Deal score in
There is only one senatorial selec-
tion slated between now and Aug. 30.
A Socialist convention will pick a
candidate in Connecticut on Aug. 27.
Delaware Democrats named their
House ticket that day. Party selec-
tions for governor as well as House
seats will be made in Wyoming Aug.
16, and on Aug. 23 Mississippi virtual-
ly elects its next delegation to the
House in Democratic primaries. None
of these contests have attracted much
attention outside the states involved.
He Loves Surprises
But the echoes of President Roose-
velt's breath-taking surge into Geor-
gia politics, to' urge the defeat of
Senator George, are still reverberat-
ing. The one thing Washington poli-
ticians agree on is that no one can
predict certainly where or when he
will strike again. He exhibited in
Georgia the flair for political surprise
tactics which has marked his public
career from the start. He has a lik-
ing for keeping even most of his of-
ficial family circle guessing.
The surprise element stands high
in Roosevelt technique. It has even
been a sort of bame between the
President and the corps of White-
house news writers. The President
gets a distinct kick out of catching
them napping with some important
release, as when he told a luncheon
group he hoped Lawrence Camp
would be the next Senator from
Georgia. That statement, coming
the same day that news wires were
carrying the story of a New Dealer's
defeat in the Democratic senatorial
primary in Idaho, vied with the Idaho
news for press attention. Mr. Roose-
velt's declaration against Senator
George at Barnesville next day swept
the front pages; and more or less
relegated the defeat of Senator Pope
in Idaho to the political news back-

Eye For News
The President's tactics again em-
phasized to Washington newsmen
what they have long conceded, that
he has a keener eye for news values,
and headline effects on public opin-
on, than any hWite House predeces--
sor, certainly any since Theodore
Roosevelt. It increased, also, the
uncertainty as to how, when and
where, if ate all, the President will
make his next direct effort to "purge"
Senate Democrats he rates conserva-
tives at heart, as he does Senator
The next two weeks may not be
nearly as dull from the standpoint of
national political interest as ' the
scheduled happenings would suggest.
Chang, who is ceaseless in her efforts
for "Warphans." They don't have
time to take to say War Orphans,
there are so many of them and so
much that must be done quickly to
get them scattered around in small
groups in safer places. Besides there
are the wounded, a problem that is far
too big for just medical organizations
to handle. These women and others
organize women to go into the dress-
ing stations and help with the barest
matters of living and first aide. And
now for the time being until the
great second move is over these mat-
ters are in the confusion of refugee-
ing. But the spirit to do what they
can, as long as they can, has grown

Profssor Younghil Kang
Will Give Concluding Series Of Far East Lectures

OF ALL THE WPA projects which
anti-administration critics find
objectionable, none seems to arouse
their ire like the art projects and es-
pecially the Federal Theatre. And
this is in spite of the fact that the
number of workers on all the theatre
units must be very small in compari-
son with those on the various con-
struction projects. Because of this one
finds a general misconception of what
the Project is.
The Federal Theatre as a division
of the Works Progress Administration
is a regular project giving work relief
to unemployed theatre workers just
as road building projects give em-
ployment to laborers. It is under the
same state control by which money
from the Federal government is al-
lotted to separate states who spend
it for projects which each state thinks'
necessary or advisable. However, in
the case of the theatre projects there
is a national director, Mrs. Hallie
Flanagan, who formulates a general
policy and makes it possible, for ex-
ample, to secure important plays for
all the projects.
The project for Michigan is located
in Detroit and has a quota of about
seventy workers. About half of these,
are actors. The rest are stage-hands,
(carpenters, electricians, scene-shift-
ers), office workers (time-keepers,
accountants, stenographers), seam-
stresses, janitors. All of these are
from the relief rolls or have been
certified for work relief. The salary

The Federal Theatre Project

Editor's Note: Miss Hadley is a
graduate of the University of Michi-
gan and a former member of The Daily
staff and was one of the first students
to take a degree in the program of
Oriental Civilizations. She is now a
colleague of Professor Kang's in thu
Far Eastern Art Del artmegnt of the
Metropolitan Museum of New York.'
The fifth and concluding series of
special lectures sponsored by the In-
stiute of Far Eastern Studies, will be
given by Professor Younghill Kang
beginning Monday, August 15. Pro-
fessor Kang is a well known lecturer
on Korea and is one of the outstanid-
ing authorities on the culture of that
country. Since 1929 he has been As-
sistant Professor of Comparative Lit-
erature at New York University, and
at the present time he is on the staff
of the Department of Far Eastern
Art at the Metropolitan Museum in
New York.
Professor Kang's life and training
has been so colorful and varied that
it has furnished material for two
highly interesting, autobiographical
novels. A native of Korea, he was.
educated according to the conserva-
tive, classical ideal of, the "poet-
scholars", and was thoroughly ground-
ed in the ancient traditions, and cul-
ture patterns of his country. The
story of his idyllic childhood in an
isolated provincial village, and of his
youthful development marked by
spiritual conflict and a deep desire
to understand occidental culture, as
well as by constantly growing anxiety
for the fate of his nation, is poig-
nantly told in "The Grass Roof",
which was published in 1931.
As Japan began a series of steady
encroachments on his native. land,
Professor Kang became keenly aware
of the .gradual disintegration of the
old order in. Korea, and soon realized
that he could never realize his am-
bitions in his own country. He felt

that if he were to save his life he
would have to transplant it wholly to
a younger culture, and this forms
the theme of his second novel, "East
Goes West" (Scribner's, 1937). In
this book he tells us how, in order
to escape from the Westernizatiqn of
the East, he decided to seek out the
West itself, and to come to America
where the romance of the machine
age attracted him.
On his arrival in New York, ready
for anything, he embarked on a
series of adventures that carried him
through such diversified jobs as
waiter, barge-man, store-clerk, far-
mer's helper, and book-agent. Some-
times his experiences were amusing
and often they: bordered on the
tragic, but through them all he
showed such determination of will,
flexibility of character, and above
all, such an enthusiastic spirit for
his new life, that he managed not
only to survive his many ordeals but
to secure a college education at Nova
Scotia and at Harvard University
in spite of his many hardships.
Such a career has saved Professor
Kang from the role of spiritual exile
which is the fate of so many Orientals
in America. So well has he succeeded
in understanding our culture that he
has adopted most of its elements and
combined them with his native Kor-
ean heritage. For this reason, Pro-
fessor Kang's lectures should prove
highly illuminating and stimulating
to a Western audience.
Professor Kang's topics are par-
ticularly well suited to his special
talents. At 4:30 on Monday, August
15, he will give his first address, en-
titled "Changing Korea," in the main
auditorium of the Horace H. Rack-
ham School of Graduate Studies.
Tuesday he will speak on "Chunto-
ism and the Korean Language", Wed-
nesday on "Korean Literature," and
Thursday on "Korean Art".

they receive (as with the other pro-
jects) varies from $60.00 to $94.08 a
month depending on whether their
Job is classed as unskilled, semi-
skilled, or skilled, or professional
work. Each worker has one or more
Besides these workers from the re-
lief rolls there are four supervisors
who act more or less in an executive
capacity. There are the general Pro-
ject Supervisor, the Stage Director,
Art Director, and Director of the
Marionette unit.
When the Projects were first or-
ganized, they were not set up for
"dramatic actors" only but for peo-
ple from all branches of the amuse-
ment world. Many were from vaude-
ville and as Brooks Atkinson has so
tactfully put it "Had already served
their term of usefulness to the thea-
tre". They constituted one the chief
problems the directors of the theatre
units had to meet, In a number of
places, including Detroit, the pro-
jects were c *vided and certain workers
not qualified for regular plays have
been trained for a children's theatre
unit. Others have been transferred
to other projects.
During the past season the Detroit
Project has given from one to thirty
performances of each of the follow-
ing plays: Marlowe's Doctor Faustus,
Albert Bein's Let Freedom Ring,
O'Neill's Anna Christie, Shaw's Arms
and the Man, Arthur Miller's They
(Continued on Page 3)

Ann Arbor Idyll
A Reader Pens A Pane gyric For The University

Down where the Huron river flows,
Its placid bosom green and gold,
Reflects the sunlit, vale at morn,
Boding the traveller glad sojourn.
For, flanked b.X woodland and by
Ann Arbor nestles on its shores,'
And many a beauteous picture casts,
Upon its waters gliding past.
Outstretched athwart both field and
A picturesque landscape marks the
Bestrewed by many a spired kirk,
That points to the celestial vault.
There past one hundred years ago,.
A mighty spirit issued forth,
And born Catholepistimiad-
When native sons were far more
This inspiration blessed of heaven,
Mantling priest and farseeing lay-
In spite of rugged barriens met,
=The Collegium jid emanate,
Within the orbit o great stride,
Without the curse of vaunted pride:,
A glowing beacon in the west,
A shrine of learning where the test
Of pedagogs cosmopolite,
Compassing all that's erudite,
Her arts, and sciences unfold,
So that the wondering may behold,
That Nature's secrets once beclous
Lie unmazed 'by her deft expose.
Amidst wide halls, great libraries,
About the sward reliquaries,
This spirit permeates the souls
Of her. desciples-one and all-

There rich and poor erase degree,
,Within her classrooms' privacy.
From every clime and race they
To learn beside her native sons.
Of varying interest is this horde,
-The students accept by the board.
Some out for ease, an idle quest
Have much concern to keep abreast.
A goodly set just bent. on play,
Find they must work both night and
But, far the many are regaled,
By problems offering aspects grave.
While certain, come to take the
Of knowledge at this famous source,
Sated their craving, get their counts,
Yet, cannot leave her charmed
Though sage the trend and taut the
There too is romance at this school.
The hillside trail, the winding brook,
Afford the lovelorn many a nook,
And - rustic benches placed beside,
Catch many a smothered lover's sigh.
Upon a hardby rising knoll,
home few have paid their final toll.
Their tasks unfinished, labor done,
They await the second advent dawn.
Maybe they see--we do not know,-
The myriad students come and go.
The state-flung burghers ponder
The wellfare of their noted charge.
The townsfolk guard with jealous eye,
This jewel of their civic pride.
All lands upon this mundane sphere,
Welcome Michigan's far and near

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