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August 07, 1934 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1934-08-07

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The Weather
?Scattered shiowers, warmer
ni south portion today; tomor-
"ow, cloudy.

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Editorials

Huey Long Is Loose Again ...
The New Deal College Student..

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

F-

XV No. 37

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1934

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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^PaAWl WR C ABIIWT

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Westergaard
Lectures On
Speaker Explains Need Of
Laboratory Research In
Engineering
Grouting' Process
Combats Shrinkage,
Earthquake Possibilities
Considered In Making Of
Plans For Dam
By THOMAS H. KLEENE
The tremendous importance of lab-
oratory work, structural engineering,'
and mechanics in the construction of
what he termed "a great enterprise,"
the Boulder Dam, was pointed out by
Prof. H. M. Westergaard of the Uni-
versity of Illinois yesterday afternoon
in another of the series of Summer
Session lectures.
The speaker discussed at length the
work which has been done in an
effort to insure the absolute safety
of the giant dam.
One of the most important of the
problems which faced the engineers of
the dam, according to Professor Wes-
tergaard, was shrinkage of the con-
crete, which is "due to the heat lib-
erated during the chemical processes

Masses Blare Under The Glare
Of Gen. Huey And Mr. Mayor
%r

NEW ORLEANS, Aug. 6.-- 1P)-
Under the muzzles of machine guns,
several hundred Communists and So-
cialists, claiming to voice the senti-
ments of "the masses," today dem-
onstrated against both Sen. Huey P.
Long and Mayor T. Semmes Walms-
ley. They condemned expenditures of

public funds for military display.
Their demonstration was held just
across the street from city hall, where
Mayor Walmsley has installed hun-
dreds of heavily-armed police, and
from city hall annex, where Senator
Long's steel - helmeted N a t i o n a 1
Guardsmen are encamped.
At the same time the Long and
Walmsley forces came to grips in a
courtroom in one of a series of legal
attacks.
The court took under advisement
the question of whether police power
in New Orleans shall continue in the
hands of the Mayor or be transferred
to a public board decreed by the re-
cent Long-controlled legislature. ,
Tomorrow the same court has sum-
moned both Senator Long and Adjt.-
Gen. Raymond H. Fleming to answer
for the calling out of troops in a
political fuss. Both Long and Fleming
had dropped out of sight today and,

-Associated Press Photo
SEN. HUEY "KINGFISH" LONG
their associates confessed to have
no knowledge of their whereabouts.
A court order for demobilization
of the guard was served on Long sev-
eral days ago but Fleming has evaded
service,
The troops, meantime, have re-
mained on duty, garrisoned in the
city voting registration office and at
Jackson Barracks in the suburbs.

t

Olson Talks On
Child Behavior
.At Conference

Record Is Set By
Fischer When He

Drives

354 Yards

. heTemperature Rises
" Thetemperature of the concrete
rises, and ordinarily the heat would be
.buried, inside the mass many years
before it -could escape," Professor
Westergaard explained.
To .combat this difficulty, he said,
the process of "grouting" was de-
vised. The dam is being built with
blocks of cement which are approxi-
mately 50 feet square so that when the
concrete does shrink the cracks will
develop along the block joints.
"Before the grout, which is a mix-
ture of cement and water, can be
poured into the cracks," Professor
Westerad pinted out, "it is neces-
sarf.o tak pt. the ce-
nent. This is accomplished y a series
of thin pipes running through the
blocks, and the temperature is even-
tually lowered to about 54 degrees."
To complete the process: the grout
it pumped into the cracks under
pressure.
"In order to establish the safety
and stability of the dam, it is neces-
sary to maintain complete harmony
of all forces in all parts of the struc-
ture," he said.
Earthquakes Considered
Professor Westergaard declared
that even the possibility of future
earthquakes was considered in the
making of plans for construction of
the dam and it "can stand wob-
bling."
He pointed out that the only pos-
sible way an earthquake could dam-
age the dam in the future is "by
the formation of a new fault, which
is not likely because the structure is
being built between two old faults."
Professor Westergaard illustrated
his lecture with a collection of slides
borrowed for the purpose from the
Bureau of Information of the De-
partment of the Interior. These Slides
portrayed the topography of the
country and the dam in the various
stages of its construction.
They also showed the spillway and
the cement screens, which were both
constructed to further insure the
safety and stability of the dam, he
said.
Fraternity Will
Hold Its Annual
Gathering Here
Members of Phi Sigma Kappa fra-
ternity will convene for their twenty-
sixth general convention Wednesday,
Thursday, Friday, and Saturday at
the Union, which will be the head-
quarters for the four-day session.
Registration will begin at 8 a.m.
tomorrow morning and will be fol-
lowed by regional conclaves, opening
exercises with a business session, and
a beach party.
Thursday's program includes a
business session, conferences of chap-
tradvisers, alumni club secretaries,
and chapter delegates, and an out-
door party.
The schedule for the third day
begins with a business session and
continues with a journey to Dearborn,
and a banquet at 7:30 p.m.
The final day's program includes,

Popular Methods Include
1. Ratings, Questionnaires,
Tests, Observations
A three-fold program involving dis-
covery, diagnostic study, and treat-
ment is necessary for effective work
with the behavior problems of chil-
dren, Prof. Willard C. Olson yester-
day told the audience at the four
o'clock lecture series sponsored by the
School of Education.
As Professor Olson described it,
such work is, of necessity, extremely
complicated. To discover behavior
disorders, he said, the approved tech-
niques are such methods as direct
observations, ratings, questionnaires,
and tests. These, he added, can as-
sist in the discovery of the children
who are in the most need of special
study and treatment.
For diagnostic treatment, Professor
Olson recommended the case study
method, saying that it represented a
practicable technique for determining
some of the factors involved in the be-
havior disorders of a particular child.
Prof. Calvin O. Davis, secretary
of the School' of Education, will
deliver the next of the four o'clock
.lectures sponsored by the educa-
tion school today.
He will speak on the topic "Cur-
riqulum Innovations in the High
School." Education school officials
invite all interested in the subject
to attend Professor Davis' talk,
which will begin at 4:10 p.m. in
Room 1022, University High
School.
In his discussion of treatment, the
speaker emphasized the need for the
teacher's directing her efforts toward
the causative framework, rather than
at the symptoms precipitating the
special study. As aids for this work,
Professor Olson advised a study of
language control, manual guidance,
punishment, isolation, and environ-
mental management.
Of special interest, he said, was the
treatment interview, and lie spoke of
it as "a technique which warrants
wider study and use among teachers.
In addition to principles of general
procedure which must be used, Pro-
fessor Olson said, the teacher must
also enlarge her methods by a study
of the dynamic psychology involved
in specific groups of problems such
as anti-social conduct, overactivity,
inferiority feelings, escape responses,
and many others.
Concluding, Professor Olson stressed
the responsibilities which the growth
of knowledge of .social and emotional
development has placed on the pro-
gram of teacher-training institutions,
and predicted a much greater use of
such knowledge in future school pro-
grams.
Peace Organization
Seeking Members
The Michigan League Against War
and Militarism met at 5 p.m. yester-
day in the Union for the purpose of

Johnny Fischer, Michigan's former
Big Ten and National Collegiate golf
champion and a member of the 1934
Walker Cup team, has recorded what
is believed to be one of the longest
drives off the tee that golf has ever
known.
Playing in a foursome in an invi-
tational club tournament at Cincin-
nati recently, he whacked the ball 354
yards on the number one hole - but
he took a par four just the same.
The ball landed in a valley just 20
yards short of the green. He pitched
on with his niblick despite a bad lie,
but overran an 11-foot putt.
He called the drive the longest of
his career.
Fischer is now in Ft. Thomas, Ky.,
his home, where he is preparing for
the national amateur tournament in
which event he has been low medalist
for the past two years, setting a new
all-time qualifying record last year.
He will return to Michigan next fall
to complete his course and will play on
the 1935 Wolverine golf team which
will defend Big Ten and national
titles.
Hitler Honors
Hindenburg In
E
Las t Services
Urges German People To
Follow Patriotic Spirit'
Of Dead Chieftain
BERLIN, Aug. 6. - (P) - The Ger-
man people were called upon today by
Chancellor Adolf Hitler to follow the
patriotic spirit of Paul von Hinden-
burg in death as they followed and
idolized the man in life.
Speaking at a memorial service
before the Reichstag, Herr Hitler de-
clared that "honestly and with his
whole heart" the old warrior desired
peace for his people.
This brief reference to the future
was the only portion of the, speech
which in any way touched upon Herr
Hitler's policies as sole ruler of the
nation, now that von Hindenburg's
hand is stilled.
The political discussion, which some
had expected Herr Hitler would enter
into as a reassurance of the world,
was omitted from the speech.
"As fate has designated us to con-
tinue to lead the Reich, and its peo-
ple," Herr Hitler said, "we can only
pray to Almighty God that He may
vouchsafe success in our labors and
struggles for the happiness of the
world.
"lvay he also give us strength at
all times to stake our lives for the
freedom of our people and the honor
of the German Nation.
"May He especially, in His mercy,
let us find the right way for secur-
ing the boon of peace for our people
to shelter it from the misfortune of
war, just as the deceased one has ever
wanted it, honestly and with his whole
heart.
"Deputies of the German Reich-E

U. S. Appoints
Bartlett Head
Of Comnmittee
University Man Is Named
To Aid In Reorganizing
Of Botanical Gardens
Government Plans
To Relocate Them
Educator Will Supervise
The Inter-Departmental
Relations Of Body
Prof. Harley H. Bartlett, chairman
of the department of botany and di-
rector of the University Botanical
Gardens, has been appointed chair-
man of a sub-committee on Admin-
istration and Relations with Other
Federal Establishments, under the
general Congressional committee on
Reorganization of the United States
Botanic Gardens in Washington, it
was learned here yesterday.
The Botanical Gardens were estab-
lished nearly 100 years ago in the
Mall near the Capitol as a scientific
institution for the introduction of for-
eign plants.
Located On Mall
At present it occupies between 10
and 15 acres in the Mall and owns
the right of way of the former C. and
D. canal into Washington as well as
outlying areas used for nurseries and
propagating gardens.
Questions have arisen as to the fu-
ture of the gardens and as to their
possible relocation and reorganization
on a larger scale. For the purpose of
considering these problems a com-
mittee was established by a House
joint resolution in the last days of the
last session of Congress with direc-
tions to report in December for con-
sideration by the new Congress.
In addition to the committee of
which Professor Bartlett is chairman,
four other sub-committees have been
set up.-o
Four Committees Set Up ,
They are: Education and Public
Relations, C. Stuart Gager, director
of the Brooklyn Botanic Gardens,
chairman; Legislation, Representa-
tive Keller of Illinois, chairman;
Scope and Functions, B. Y. Morrison
of the Department of Agriculture,
chairman; and Location of Lands,
Frederick A. Delano, uncle of Presi-
dent Franklin Delano Roosevelt and
chairman of the general committee,
- The Gardens are at present admin-
istered by the same Congressional
committee that administers the Li-
brary of Congress. The general com-
mittee on reorganization of the gar-
dens is composed of 20 members, Con-
gressmen, representatives of interest-
ed federal departments, and repre-
sentatives of national botanical and
horticultural organizations.
Democrat Charges
'Old Dealers' With
Lack Of Program
CHICAGO, Aug. 6. - (P) - Senator
O'Mahoney (Dem., Wyo.) tonight
charged that "old dealers" in the
Republican party were asking the
country to elect a Congress out of
harmony with the administration but
"without a program to offer" as a sub-
stitute for President Roosevelt's re-
construction policies.
Asserting the G.O.P. leadership

"still lacks the courage to choose a
definite course," O'Mahoney told a
radio audience the Republican Na-
tional Committee headed by Henry P.
Fletcher was representative of the
Herbert Hoover chieftains "repudi-
ated in 1932."
"If there were any doubt of the
substantial virtue of the Roosevelt
program," he said, "that doubt would
be dispelled by an examination of the
admission of the opposition. There is
no important critic of the New Deal
who does not begin his attack with'
qualifying words intended to be an
assurance that he does not propose
to undo what has actually been ac-'
complished. The whole burden of the
attack is that Roosevelt has been do-
ing the right thing, but somehow or
another in the wrong way."
Muyskens To Give
Final Summer Talk

By ELSIE PIERCE
"Marco Millions," a play in which
Eugene O'Neill attempts to whitewash
Marco Polo's reputation as the world's
greatest liar, will be the seventh pro-
duction of the Michigan Repertory
Players. It will open tomorrow night
for a four-day run.
O'Neill, who has become one of
America's foremost playwrights, is the
son of James O'Neill, a noted char-
acter actor. Though sent to Princeton
for his education, he was expelled at
the end of his freshman year for
throwing a beer bottle through Pres-
ident Woodrow Wilson's house.
At this time he was not considering
writing as a profession, and after sev-
eral makeshift jobs, he shipped as an
able-bodied seaman on a cattle
steamer bound for Buenos Aires. He
quit his job there, and was stranded
in South America until he finally
was able to work his way back to
America where he worked for six
months with a vaudeville company
of his father's.
His first venture into the field of
writing was on the staff of a New Lon-

don, Conn., paper, where he wrote a
daily column. When he seriously de-
cided to begin to write plays, he went
back to school and studied under Prof.
George P. Baker, of Yale University.
Among O'Neill's best-known plays,
written over a period of 20 years, are
"Strange Interlude," which was
awarded the Pulitzer Prize for 1927,
"Emperor Jones," "Lazarus Laughed,"
"Anna Christie," "Desire Under the
Elms," "The Great God Brown," and
his latest play, "Ah, Wilderness."
"Marco Millions," which the Reper-
tory Players are presenting, was given
in 1928 by the Theatre Guild. George
Jean Nathan, theatrical critic, has
characterized it as "the sourest and
most magnificent poke in the jaw that
American business and the American
business man have ever got." The play
consists of 10 scenes, which take
Marco Polo from youth to early
middle age and finally to success as
a mercenary trader. It is a satire on
the character of the hard-headed Oc-
cidental business man, laid against
a background of Thirteenth Century
oriental civilization.

Marco Millions' Whitewashes
Reputation Of Greatest Liar

S10 Missing,
8 Dead In

Orienal cviliztion

Fights 'Leggers

-Associated Press Photo
SEC. HENRY MORGENTHAU
Morgenthau To
Elimin ate Illicit
Traffic Or Quit
Promises Bootleggers A
Fight To Finish; 1,300
New Aides Named
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6. -- (A') -
Secretary Morgenthau today an-
nounced the supervisory personnel of
the Alcohol Tax Unit's 15 new dis-
tricts, telling reporters that if the
bootleggers "licked" him in the war
on illicit liquor he was willing to go
home.
Thirteen hundred enforcement in-
vestigators, all of whom were already
civil service employees, Morgenthau
said, have been named for work in the
various districts after careful check-
ing by the intelligence unit of the In-
ternal Revenue bureau.
"I will not leave a stone unturned
to suppress the manufacturers of non-
tax paid liquor," he said, adding that
the tax unit's total personnel of 3,291
would be eventually increased to 5,000.
The campaign to collect more liquor
taxes is headed by Arthur J. Mellott,
deputy commissioner of internal reve-
nue.
Await View Of
President On
Liberal Groups
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6. - UP) - A
definite indication as to how far
President Roosevelt will go to hold
liberal groups on both major parties
is looked for by some observers here
from his speech at Green Bay, Wis.,
Thursday.
There is considerable uneasiness
among Democrats and Republicans
alike over the possibility that the
chief executive might advance a broad
program that will tend to absorb Re-
publican independents and other lib-
erals into the "New Deal" Democratic
party. They pointed, in this connec-
tion, to statements by Mr. Roosevelt
since his return to continental United
States, particularly with reference to
electrical power and further plans of
the "New Deal."

MineBlast
Seventy Escape And Two
Are Taken Alive From
VirginiaShaft
Poisonous Fumes
Menace To Others
Hope Is Faint As Rescue
Parties Pump Air Into
BlockedPassage
DERBY, Va., Aug. 6. -(P)-- Hope
for seven to ten men still missing in
the No. 3 mine of the Stonage Coke
and Coal Co. here faded late today
after rescue workers had brought out
two men alive and eight dead.
When efforts to locate the en-
tombed men had been unsuccessful,
those directing the work feared that
the missing miners had little chance
of surviving. An explosion that oc-
curred at 7 a.m. today had torn the
diggings and sent noxious gases seep-
ing through the underground pas-
sageways.
Between 70, and 80 men working in
other sections of the mine escaped
through an abandoned entry.
Progress toward the entombed men
was slow because of the necessity of
forcing in fresh air and expelling
poisonous monoxide fumes before res-
cue parties could advance.
The two living and eight dead men
were found in a main corridor about
400 feet from the mine entrance. The
men still missing were working in a
gallery approximately 1,000 feet from
this point. It was believed that the
explosion occurred in this vicinity.

Music School
Presents Last
Of Programs
Professor H a n n s Pick's
Chamber M u si c Class
Will PlayTonight
Members of the class in chamber
music, under Professor Hanns Pick of
the School of Music, will present the
final concert of the summer series at
8:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
The class numbers 21 and all will
unite their talents in presenting the
concluding program of the short ses-
sion.'
The program will be opened with
the "Prelude for the Concerto Grosso,"
for piano and strings. Following this
will be presented Ravel's "Allegro Mod
erato from the String Quartet;" Cae-
sar Franekt's "Maestror," the' "allgro
movement from the piano quintet;
Lekeu's "Adagio for fourteen indi-
vidual strings"; and the recitative and
aria, 'Mein Herze schwimm in Blut,"
of J. S. Bach.
The final portion of the concert in-
cludes Schubert's "Andante-allegro
from the octet for clarinet-allegro
from the octet for clarinet, horn, bas-
soon, two violins, viola, 'cello, and
bass;" and Brahm's "Gipsy Rondo
from the piano quartet in G minor."
Shower Baths
Ordered For
Hungry Rebels
Communists Refuse To Eat
Until Bail Is Accepted
But TheyWill Bathe
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 6. - (P) -
Turning up their noses today at the
new meals in the County Jail-corned
beef hash, bread, and coffee --31 as-
serted Communists took shower baths
instead of lunch today.
They were in the third day of a
hunger strike because the Municipal
Court had refused to reduce their bail
of $1,000 each on vagrancy charges.
Each vowed to go without food until
released or until bond is reduced.
At first they said they wouldn't
even take baths but Acting Chief of
Police James Boland scowled when
he learned this.
"There will be plenty of towels at
bath time," he commented tersely,
"and they will use them too."
While the chief was contemplating
means to force the hunger strikers to
clean up, they suddenly had a change
of mind and shouted loudly for tow-
els.
"What, no bath towels?" they cho-
rused. "There are not enough tow-
els so we can bathe. Imagine only
15 towels for 31 of us!"
Boland, however, said there were
50 towels available and the prisoners
could take as many showers as de-
sired.
"We offered them the menu today,
but they refused," he said. "When
they refused to eat, of course the cook
did not prepare the food, because we
don't want to waste it.
Nazi War On Colleges
U *rtc T1 U hi.i1llU V ;" 1 -U IA Q

Plunge Through Water
The workers who escaped had to
walk 2,000 feet under a low roof and
plunge through water three feet deep
in places.
Theiidentified dead are: Ralph
Burchill, general mine foreman;
Clyde Ward, Charlie Milam, foreman;
Alex Payne, drill runner; Jessie Doyle,
motorman; Clarence Reed, brake-
man; Lafayette Blondell, miner, and
Charlie Reece, pumper.
A body at first identified as that of
Ben Jinkins later was identified under
another name. Jinkins was missing.
Those brought out alive were Law-
rence Flenner and Walter Bayless.
It was feared that those still in
the mine might be badly burned or
mutilated by the explosion and that
identification would be difficult.
Relatives and fellow workers of the
dead or missing men were almost sto-
ical in the face of the worst calamity
in the Virginia mining field in recent
years.
Many Rescuers Volunteer
Fifty men gathered at the mouth
of the drift, all eager to do anything
possible. More than could be used
answered the call for experienced gas
men to join the rescue party. Women
and children gathered on parches and
in yards, quietly awal ing the news
they feared to hear.
Two men, Fred Sloan and Henry
Bowers, were outside and just' in
front of the drift mouth when the ex-
plosion occurred. They were blown
75 to 100 feet but escaped injury.
Sloan had a pocketfull of dyna-
mite caps and a cache of powder, but
these almost miraculously escaped be-
ing exploded.
Bramer Tucker fell under influence
of the deadly gas while in the mine,
but was picked up by Homer Ruther-
ford, motorman, and carried to safe-
ty through the low passage.
All-Campus Supper To
Be Held Sunday Night
Reservations for the all-campus
Sunday night supper to be given
at 5:45 Sunday night on the front
lawn of the League may be made
at the main desk at the League, in
the Undergraduate Office, with
Miss Ethel McCormick or Jane
letcher. The price of the tickets
is 35 cents.
Entertainment is being planned
for the supper. Jane Fletcher has
charge of general arrangements,
assisted by the entire social com-
mittee of the League.
This supper is for all students
and faculty members on campus
and is to be regarded as an infor-

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