THE MICHIGAN DAILY '
MIon of the Summer Session
and which would freeze standards of living at a re-
duced level. The Institution further states that
the former would be adversely affected both as a
consumer and a producer. High operating costs
would reduce his money income and the purchasing
power of this money income would also be cur-
tailed as a result of the rising level of prices.
In summary, the report says: "It would not pro-
mote recovery and bids well to intensify the de-
pression. At best its immediate effects would be
a spread of employment at the expense of effi-
ciency and productive output. In its long-run im-
plications the measure offers to the workers of the
country merely a choice between more leisure and a
more abundant consumption of goods and serv-
Publip ed every morning except Monday during the
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Member of the Western Conference Editorial Association
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-1934 J agg4 1935 E
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MANAGING EDITOR...............JOHN C. HEALEY
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T E GREAT HEARST - McCormick
- McFadden - Mencken indoor
sport of smoking the Reds out of our colleges and
universities was climaxed, as it were, by the recent
investigation of radicalism at the University of
Chicago which was instigated by Charles Walgreen,
the drug store magnate.
After protracted investigation and deliberating,
the Illinois Senate Committee largely whitewashed
the institution, but declared that one professor,
Robert Morss Lovett of the English. department,
was "no credit to the institution."
Most intelligent 'persons took the investigating
committee's "findings" with a grain of salt. So, it
appears, did Prof. ioward Mumford Jones, of our
English department. While glancing idly through
the editorial columns the other day we found this
letter Professor Jones had -written the Tribune
editor. It expresses our sentiments aptly. We
"As reported in the Detroit papers the Senate
committee investigating radicalism at the Univer-
sity of Chicago singles out Prof. Robert Morss
Lovett as being "un-American." This is a verdict
which must considerably amuse Mr. Lovett's
friends. I have known him for twenty years and
no man of my acquaintance has stood more cour-
ageously for the ancient American ideal of free
discussion, intellectual independence, and political
By JOHN SELBY
"THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION,"
by William Henry Chamberlain; (MacMillan).
O FAR as this department knows, there has been
no impartial, comprehensive, documented his-
tory of the Russian revolution in the English lan-
guage up to the publication recently of William
Henry Chamberlain's "The Russian Revolution."
There have been innumerable books on Russia,
many of them histories and many of them good.
But not quite the sane, calm, objective sort of his-
tory Mr. Chamberlain has turned out.
The two volumes of the history cover the period
from the Tsarist fall in March, 1917, to the promul-
gation in March, 1921, of the new economic policy.
Mr. Chamberlain himself first went to Russia in
1922, as correspondent for the Christian Science
Monitor. He thus escaped participation in the
events of which he writes, and at the same time
was on the ground soon enough to gather fresh
impressions and material.
His wife is a Russian, and her share in the book
has been combing thousands of newspapers and
documents. Mr. Chamberlain's research included
everything he could find in the Soviet and the
White Russian archives, as well as many conversa-
tions with participants. The actual writing of the
book was done under the Guggenheim founda-
tion's auspices in 1933 and 1934.
The writing is tempered throughout by common
sense and remarkable fairness. Those who have
either a communistic or White Russian ax to grind
may see event and implication differently; it is
doubtful whether even they could find fault with
the spirit of the work, however.
Conclusions are reserved, largely, for the final
chapter. By far the most valuable part of these
is Mr. Chamberlain's careful analysis of the rea-
sons which permitted the Bolsheviki, almost a neg-
ligible minority physically, to prevail. It is inter-
esting that he finds one of the chief reasons to be
a Tsarist policy which created so large a group
which lived constantly on the borderline between
extreme poverty and starvation.
As Others See It-
We Do Our Part
THE LATEST report of the NRA contains one
theme which is growing a bit monotonous by
"The debt load will have to be brought down to a
sound and healthy basis if there is to be a sound
and healthy recovery.
Well, if reducing the debt load is the essential to
recovery, Baltimoreans can say to the NINA, "We do
our part." Two of the greatest banks in town have
had their debt load reduced so drastically that their
security holders are still somewhat numb from the
shock. Several smaller banks have had their debt
loads wiped out completely, and the banks with
them. The United Railways and the Washington
and Annapolis have gone into the hands of receiv-
ers, and the latter bids fair to go out of existence.
Scores of corporations, ranking from the smallest
to the largest, have either gone through receiver-
ships or through reorganizations so drastic that the
difference from a receivership is imperceptible.
The tonnage of former securities held in Baltimore
that have now become only so much waste paper
If debt reduction is the way to recovery, we ought
to be pretty well along on the upward slope.
-The Baltimore Sun.
WHEN the Hearst press sets out to "get" the
President, it intends to get him, at any cost.
Thrown into a rage by the President's proposals
for high taxes on inheritances, the New York Eve-
ning Journal produces an argument so mistaken as
to be funny.
The Journal reasons as follows:
It would appear from official accounts of
Mr. Roosevelt's latest "sock the rich" plan that
you would actually inherit less,-if bequeathed
$7,000,001, than if you were bequeathed $4,999,-
999. It works out this way:
On the first estate the government will take
70 per cent, or $4,900,000.70. That leaves you
On the second estate, it will take 50 per
cent, leaving you $2,499,999.50.
In other words, you get nearly $400,000 more
from the smaller bequest than you would get
from the larger one.
That's very shocking - except that you would'nt
get anything of the sort.
Under the tax bill the 70 per cent rate does not
apply to all of a bequest totaling more than $7 -
000,000 but only to that part of the bequest which is
In the Journal's illustration, for example, the
70 per cent rate would apply to exactly one dollar,
the dollar above the seven million mark.
Four stars - mustn't miss; three stars -pvery good:
two stars -- an average picture; one star - poor; no
star - don't go.
AT THE MICHIGAN
A Fox picture with Jane Withers, Jackie Searl,
O. P. oggte, and Katherine Alexander. Also a
Jane Withers, the little girl who stole "Bright
Eyes" from Shirley Temple, makes this as much
fun as any of Miss Temple's pictures, and great
work by Jackie Searl adds many more laughs to
Although both are so good that a comparison be-
comes doubly odious, Jane and Shirley will inevi-
tably be compared. I find little to chose between
them. Shirley can dance, but she can't say "Get a
load of this." Jane isn't as pretty, but she can
act twice as naughty. Both can do about every-
thing an adult actor can - pout, cry, exult, mourn.
The plot of "Ginger" gives Jane and Jackie
plenty of chances to come through. When her
uncle, a broken-down Shakespearean actor, is given
thirty days for assaulting a theater manager who
called his work as a barker "rotten," Jane even-
tually winds up in t'he care of a Wealthy woman
who is writing a book on "Are Children Really
And Mrs. Barker, her son (Jackie Searl), a super-
sissy, and the butler make it pretty tough for
Jane. Mr. Parker, disgusted with his wife, and
offspring, isher only friend.
Together, however, they rescue Jane's uncle
and rehabilitate the others in the Parker family.
There is the usual sentimental ending.
-Best shot: Jackie Searl, when converted from
sissydom, striding jauntily down the upper hall,
blandly hopping on 'the bannister, and swerving
down to skid off the end and smash a vase and
**"THE GIRL F"M TENTH AVENUE"
A First National picture starring Bette Davis,
with Ian Hunter. Con Clive, Alison Skipworth,
John Eldredge, and Philip Reed.
"The Girl from Tenth Avenue," with its de-
crepit plot, is saved from being a complete wash-
out only by the fine work of Bette Davis, who cer-
tainly doesn't deserve this.
It's the old old story of the girl from the "lower'
classes who marries the unappreciative society man
in a moment of inebriation. Of course she has to
fight against the wicked influence of the snobbish
woman of his "stratum" (who is unfaithful to her
own husband, naturally). Although there are
many obstacles to overcome, she finally wins his
love, as everyone in the audience knows she will.
Alison Skipworth is always good, but Ian Hunter
and Colin Clive contribute nothing of note.
Somehow "The Girl from Tenth Avenue" is more
entertaining than it apparently deserves to be
probably because of Miss Davis.
However, to my untutored eyes, the dress sh
wears in one scene is a ghastly thing.
The newsreel is good, with fine shots of record
breaking Japanese swimmers.
By KIRKE SIMPSON
WASHINGTON - But for the wealth-tax issue
which blossomed so suddenly it completely up
set previous adjournment calculations, that par
of the President's tax message urging a consti
tutional amendment to wipe out all future form
of tax-exempt government securities, probabl
would have slept in a committee pigeon-hole. A
it is, there may be time at this session for bot
Houses to work up that project.
It might not pass at this session. The idea o
opening all future national security issues to stat
taxation and similar state, county or municipa
bonds to Federal levies against their income, i
not new. It has been close to adoption by Con
gress before. The same men who led a successfu
House fight against the plan nearly a decade ag
still are in Congress, although now in the Senate
They have in no wise changed their viewpoint.
BUT THE GENERAL political situation har
changed greatly. If the matter even is brough
to the active debate stage at this session, an amend.
ment is almost certain to be submitted to the state:
at the next session. The question of its ratificatioi
will figure in the Presidential election campaigr
in that event. And for all the talk of amending
the Constitution, due to the overthrow of NRA or tc
prevent 5-4 Supreme Court decisions on constitu
tionality of Congressional acts, that still is the onl:
clearly indicated constitutional amendment pos
sibility for that campaign.
The Ashurst amendment now is pending be
fore the Arizona senator's judiciary committee
Once the early adjournment possibility faded ou
in the wealth-tax developments, preparations t4
report it out again as was done in the last Con
gress went forward. From Senator Connelly o
Texas, who in the House 10 years ago led the
fight that blocked submission to the states of
similar amendment, came the same objection.
The text of the Ashurst amendment is of peculia:
interest. Around it will center the fight in this anc
succeeding sessions of Congress. What it propose
is a reciprocal right of Federal and state sovereign
ties to tax income from each other's bonds, bu
without "discrimination" in either case.
* * * *
WHERE SHOE PINCHES
IT IS THERE the shoe pinches. Aside from thi
objections of such legislators as Connelly, wh4
Drug Fails I
First Test As
LONDON. July 5. - l-A drug
made from the deadly poison called
curare, used by South American in-
dians to tip the darts of their blow-
pipes, has failed in its first test as a
cure for lockjaw.
The experiment was made by Dr.
Robert George Ranyard West, of the
Oxford University' department of
pharmacology, after he had waited
months for an opportunity. The sub-
ject, a plumber's assistant who had
stepped on a rusty nail, died.
Dr. West's preparation was admin-
istered, as a last resort. His idea
was that if the powerful drug could
paralyze the patient's muscles, the
spasms which customarily accompany
a lockjaw victim's heath would be
prevented and the anti-tetanus serum
given a chance to work.
Although Dr. West, assisted by
chemists, produced the drug late in
1934 and was confident of its success,
he refused to give it a trial except
in a last-resort case.
Not discouraged by the failure of
his first effort, Dr. West now awaits
another opportunity to prove he has
"WEST POINT OF THE AIR"
"ALL THE KING'S HORSES"
I MARGARET LINDSEY
"THE FLORENTINE DAGGER"
Two Fine Features
THE GIRL FROM "BORDERTOWN" OUT-
SMARTS NEW YORK'S SMART SET
A POX Pcivr wit
O. P. HEGGIE
Matinees and 25C Man35c
Bale. Nights Floor
e ~ r
T HE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION
has gone definitely on record as op-
posed to a thirty-hour week. Bills for such are-
duction of working hours were introduced in the
1933 session of Congress by Senator Black, in 1934
by Represenative Connery, and in the present ses-
sion by Senator Wagner.
The American Federation of Labor and other
active sponsors of the bill believe that it would pro-
vide a means for taking up the slack of the unem-
ployed, make labor scarce, thus raising wage levels,
and thereby bring about a more equitable dis-
tribution of the national income.
The Institution, however, maintains that a thir-
ty-hour week which would increase the number
enployed with no reduction in wages would be
bound to curtail production. It declares that pro-
duction costs would rise faster than the increase in
wage income, that consumption would fall off, and
that many industries would be forced to close their
doors. To support its contention it cites results
under the NRA codes. Pointing to an average re-
duction of the working week for industry by 20 per
cent since 1929 to approximately 40 hours, it states
that prices of manufactured commodities and the
wage rates of labor engaged in the production and
distribution of these commodities have had rough-
ly an equivalent increase. This means that pro-
duction actually has decreased as a result of higher
costs, higher prices, and decreased consumption,
and that increased wage income has not resulted
in an increase in real income.
q The Institution points out that our entire
output of goods and services in 1929 amounted
to 81 billion dollars, whereas the potential pro-
ductive capacity in that year was valued at 97 bil-
lion dollars. If 97 billion dollars worth of goods
and services had been produced, representing 100
per cent efficiency, and had been distributed equal-
ly among the entire population, the Institution
states, each person would have received goods and
services valued at only $665. Such a per capita
figure is obviously not the goal aimed at by our far-
The increase in man-power productivity which
amounted to an excess of 25 per cent between 1929
and 1934 the Institution attributed to displace-
ment of inefficient workers and technological im-
provements. With the 30-hour week the efficiency
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