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July 23, 1935 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1935-07-23

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The Weather
Partly cloudy, local showers
or thunderstorms Wednesday,
and possibly Tuesday.

Y

MW
Official Publication Of The Summer Session

Editorials
Germany Adds To Her
Disgrace ....
Why Give Away Our
Professors? .

VOL. XVI No. 26 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 23, 1935
q

PRICE: FIVE CENTS

Gold Coverage In

Italy

Is Allowed

To Hit New Low,

Mussolini Instigates Royal
Decree Setting Standard
Below 40 Per Cent
Anticipated Fight
Necessitates Act
Dictator Foresees Need Of
Buying Weapons, Food1
From Powers
ROME, July 22. - (AP) - Italy's gold
coverage today was permitted to fall
below the legal limit of 40 per cent
by a royal decree published in the
official Government Gazette.
The Gazette said: "Whereas there
is a necessity and urgency for pro-
curing means of payments abroad of
an exceptional nature," the council
of ministers, on the proposal of
Premier Mussolini, decreed the tem-
porary suspension of the stabilization
law of 1927, fixing the legal coverage
of gold at 40 per cent.
This "necessity and urgency" men-
tioned in the royal decree is com-
monly accepted here to mean the
htalo-Ethiopian situation and the
necessity of purchasiig raw materials
abroad to furnish the East African
army with war materials and equip-
ment.
Some months ago the gold cover-
age hovered around 41 and 42 per
cent. Within the last few weeks
statements of the Bank of Italy have
indicated a sharp decline in gold but
at the same time an increase in for-
eign credits.
Banking circles said, however, that
these foreign credits are in many
cases foreign securities listed at their
fhce value instead of. their present
market value, so in fact the coverage
with.reference to the currency was
perhaps less than 40 per cent. Italy
now has nearly 5%2 billion liras in
gold.
Guard Tokio Embassy
ROME, July 22-(A) -Fascist
troops and police tonight were as-
signed to guard against political dem-
onstrations which, it was feared,
would rise. from the violent anti-
Japanese campaign in the newspapers
over the reported Nipponese opposi-
tion to the Italo-Ethiopian conflict.
The Japanese embassy was placed
under heavy guard as the front
pages of the newspapers making the
sharp accusations were posted on
walls throughout the city.
Ambassador Sugimura of Japan is
scheduled to call on Fulvio Suvich,
under-secretary for foreign affairs,
tomorrow. The Japanese envoy said
he had not transmitted certain por-
tions of the press comments to his
government and will not do so for
several days until, the situation be-
comes calmer. He said the newspapers
were apt to be overly excitable and be-
cause the comment in all of them
was similar they were undoubtedly
acting upon orders from above.
The newspapers vie with one
another in extremity of phrase. Jap-
an was accused of trying to make
herself a champion of the black races.
She was further accused of hypocrisy
by trying to hide her concerns for
her commercial interests in Ethiopia
under a cloak of high-sounding prin-
ciples.
Prof. Thieme
To Speak On
Books Today

"Books and Book Collecting" will
.be the subject of Prof. Hugo P.
Thieme, chairman of the romance
languages department, when he gives
another in the summer series of lec-
tures at 5 p.m. today in Natural
Science Auditorium. -
Professor Thieme has taught in the
University since 1898 becoming a
professor in 1914. He studied at
Concordia College and at Johns Hop-
kins, receiving his A.B. and Ph.D.
drees from the latter institution.

Protests Nazi Purge

-Associated Press Photo.
A second Vatican protest against
a new Nazi drive against Catholics
in Germany was reported filed at
the foreign office by Rev. Cesare
Orsenigo (above), papal .nuncio.
Jews and war veterans were other
targets in the "purge" of so-called
"reactionary" elements.
6 Fraternities
Heard; Others
Appear T'oday
iy;
One House May Be Closed
Following Absence Of
Its Representative
Of the twelve housescalled before
the University Committee on Finan-
cial Standards and Exceptions for
hearings on their financial status, six
were heard by the committee yester-
day.
The six remaining houses will be
heard today, according to Prof. Rob-
ert P. Briggs of the economics de-
partment, who is chairman of the
committee.
Although he would make no an-
nouncement as to definite action tak-
en by the committee yesterday, Pro-
fessor Briggs intimated that at least
one house will be closed unless the
fraternity's representative can ex-
plain his failure to appear at the
hearings yesterday.
Professor Briggs also said that be-
cause additional information has been
received about the financial condi-
tion of other houses not included in
the current hearing, another hearing
will probably be held at a later date
for these houses.
O'HARA SURRENDERS
DETROIT, July 22--(A)--Elmer
B. O'Hara surrendered to Recorder's
Judge Thomas Cotter to answer to
charges of "stealing" the 1934 State
election, and perjury.
The- chairman of the Democratic
State Central Committee and Wayne
County clerk was arraigned immedi-
ately before Judge Cotter.

Lemon Will
Lecture Two
Times Today
First Presbyterian Pastor
Opens Second Day Of
Religious Conference
Sanders To Exhibit
Aged Manuscripts
Professor Adams To Lead
Discussion On Problems
Of ReligiousPhilosophy
Dr. William P. Lemon, pastor of the
First Presbyterian Church, will open
the second day of the Religious Con-
ference which is being held here when
he speaks on "Influence of the Bible
in Literature" at 10 a.m. today in
the League.
Dr. Lemon is appearing three times
on the program of the Conference,
speaking again at 4 p.m. today on the
topic, "Religion in Account with Mod-
ern Literature." He opened the con-
ference yesterday when he spoke on
"Religion in World Literature."
In addition to having been the
preacher at St. Andrews Church, Min-
neapolis, Dr. Lemon is one of the as-
sociate editors of the Christian Cen-
tury as well as a frequent con-
tributor to the magazine.
At 11 a.m. Prof. Henry A. Sanders
will lecture and exhibit some Biblical
manuscripts in the third floor library.
of the League. Professor Sandershas
done research work in this field, and
will show his finds.
Prof. George P. Adams who is lec-
turing in the Summer Session of the
University of California on Ethics
and Philosophy of Religion will con-
tinue his discussion on "Certain Per-
sistent Problems in the Philosophy
of Religion," at 2 p.m. today.
Professor Adams is the editor of
the 10-volume series of University of
California Publications in Philosophy.
In his book, "Idealism and the Mod-
ern Age," he has set forth concrete
social problems which will be under
consideration during the discussion.
The arrangements for this confer-
ence have been made by a commit-
tee of local ministers and five grad-
uates now serving churches in the
state working in co-operation with Dr.
Edward Blakeman, University coun-
selor of Religious Education.
Nazis Prepare For
Mop-Up Of Enemies
BERLIN, July 22.-(A') -The heavy
hand of Nazi law today was poised
above the heads of Jews, Catholics,
Protestants and other asserted oppo-
nents of Naziism as officials of the
third Reich avowedly prepared them-
selves for a sweeping campaign
against reactionaries.
The edict issued today by Wilhelm
Fricht, minister of the interior, or-
dered Roman Catholics and Lutheran
confessional youth organizations to
cease all mass appearances in public
and to discard their uniforms and
emblems.
The Catholic clergy, which general-
ly obeyed the government decree yes-
terday against pulpit comment on the
Nazi drive against the Pope's political
"Catholicism,"' was in a tense state
throughout the country.

Finch Speaks
On Position
Of Nazi Reich
Solution Of Difficulties
Brought By Break With
Treaty Suggested
Question One For
Tribunal, He Says
Consideration Of Events
After War Asked Before
Action By America

By WILLIAM R. REED
Action by the United States with
regard to the European situation1
created by the announcement March
16 that Germany had restored mili-;
tary conscription and enlarged its
army in apparent violation of pro-
visions of the Treaty of VersaillesI
should be tempered by consideration
of the events and situations since thej
conclusion of the World War in 1918,
according to George A. Finch, secre-
tary of the Summer Session on Teach-I
ing of International Law.-
Such considerations, according toi
Mr. Finch, will show sufficient basisI
for the claims of Germany as to thet
legal justification of its acts as to
make a satisfactory conclusion of the,
matter possible only by submission
of the matter as a judicial questionk
to an international tribunal. Alter-t
natively, Mr. Finch suggested a com-t
plete revision of the situation by re-
vised understandings between thei
powers involved.
Two Courses Suggested
Mr. Finch,. who is also secretary of
the American Society of Internationalr
Law and Assistant Secretary of the
Carnegie Endowment for Internation-
al Peace, spoke last night on the
subject of "The United States and the
Development of the European Situa-
tion," confining himself to the events
leading to and hmmediately folowing,
the Reich proclamation of last
March. The address was the fourth
of five lectures to be delivered by the
faculty of the Summer Session on
Teaching International Law.
Immediately following the German1
proclamation, announced by Chan-
cellor Hitler, two courses were sug-
gested for the United States, Mr.
Finch said: to revise neutrality laws
and policies through legislation in
order to keep this country out of
another war, or that the United States
should not withdraw from European
affairs, but should join the League
of Nations.
Proposals Made Hastily
Such proposals were hastily made,
Mr. Finch suggested, because of the
significant conclusions which may
be reached by a study of the back-
ground of the German proclamation.
That proclamation put into effect
universal military service and in-
creased the army to 500,000 men,
contravening Versailles provisions
limiting the army to 100,000 and
abolishing conscription.
Denunciation of the German action
is based upon the fundamental con-
ception in international law regarding
the inviolability of treaty commit-
ments.
Germany was limited by the Treaty
in accordance with the Fourth Point
of President Wilson's 14 Points upon
which the Armistice was signed, which
provided national armaments "to be
reduced to the lowest point consistent
with domestic safety."
No corresponding limitations were
imposed upon the Allied signatories
to the treaty, however, Mr. Finch
pointed out. Their commitments were
confined to Article 8 of the Covenant
of the League of Nations and provided
reduction "to the lowest point con
sistent with national safety."
Germany's Rights
It was the difference between the
provisions as to "domestic" safety
which bound Germany and the "na-
tional safety which was to limit the
Allies, which precipitated considera-
tion of German rights under the
Treaty. Such consideration, Mr.
Finch concluded, must show that the
rights of Germany under the Treaty
were as those under which the Armis-
tice was signed, and the Armistice
was signed under conditional, rather
than absolute or unconditional sur-
render of Germany. That fact ex-
tends further rights to Germany, Mr.
Finch added.
a Following the administration of the

Soldiers Patrol Streets
As Unions Call General
Strike In Terre Haute
Nationalism Permanent Bar Workers Protest Against
Alleged Importation Of
To Peace Of World--Norwood Strikebreakers
By EDWARD GRIFFITH BEGLE gated to a very mnor position in Virtual Paralysis
World peace will never be attained many states ruled by dictators, Dr. Hits City Business
as long as all nations are sovereign Norwood pointed out, it may some
states which admit no laws but their day become the one refuge of personal
own, Dr. Frederick W. Norwood, min- liberty, the one force against militar- 48 Labor Unions Join As
ister of City Temple, London, said ism. EveryOf Worker
in his address before the Religious "The one thing we must fight Type
Conference, which opened its two-day against is the terror which persuades Throws Down Tools
sessions yesterday. men that they are in danger of war
"Peace will involve the biggest and which leads them to submit to TERRE HAUTE, Ind., July 22.-
struggle man has ever faced," he subjugation through fear of others." ()-A sudden general strike brought
pointed out, "and it can never be Threats of war cannot keep the virtually complete business paralysis
won without bravery. We should peace, he stated, as evidenced by the to Terre Haute tonight, stopped the
struggle for the recognition of the fact disarmament of Germany after the normal flow of food and other neces-
that the world is so complex and in- war, which was done to prevent war aities to its 66,000 inhabitants and
volved that we cannot allow 66 sov- by armed influence, an experiment forced strict military rule by nearly
ereign states in the world." which has failed utterly. 2,000 National Guardsmen.
There are only two ways to secure T1 The guardsmen came from nearby
peace, the speaker said. "The first y Ford cities and posted proclamations de-
means, that of empire, has always cdaring Terre Haute and all of Vigo
failed, and even if it should succeed, 1 County to be under military control.
peace by such 'methods would destroy A sked To Join Beginning at 1 a.m. members of
the finest values of the world." various labor union organizations
The other method, which Dr. Nor- All-Star S ua joined in the "holiday" voted by rep-
wood believes is the only way of last- resentatives of 48 local labor unions
ing good-will, is that of cooperation as a protest against alleged importa-
between the greater nations, especially tion of strikebreakers by the Colum-
the United States and England, and Hutson Receives Greatest bian Enameling and Stamping Co.
the resultant growth of a newer, Total Of Votes In Poll Of where a strike of union workers has
greater religion based on Christian- been in progress for a month. The
ity, since that is the only religion Football Fans "holiday" was without the sanction
opposed to war. of the Central Labor Union, officials
In summing the situation of the Jerry Ford and John Regeczi, mem- of that organization said.
world today he stressed the fact that bers of Michigan's 1934 grid team, Busses and Trolleys Halted
bmoth religion and world citizenship Bse n rlesHle
are undergoing great tests, and that were included in a list invited last Transportation services were first
many primary lessons must be re- night to report on Aug. 10 for drills tied up by the strikers. Street rail-
learned by religion in order to at- in preparation for a game Aug. 29 way employees left their posts, bus
tain ts oa B d drivers abandoned their vehicles and
tain its goal. between the Chicago Bears and a divers deserted their taxiclab.
"At the same time," he said, "na- team of 1934 all-stars selected by a.drivers deserted theirtaxicabs.
bons are retreating within themselves, nation-wide poll conducted by the A few filling stations opened dur-
re re treating n wrldeitinel IQ? pe Chi ago ing the morning but by noon nearly
European situation is just as it was Although Ford, who is under con- all were closed and mo oriss began
before the war, though the position tract to coach at Yale in the fall, a hasty exit to nearby cities and rural
today is even more ominous." and Regeczi were not named on the communities to replenish their fuel
The trouble with the world today, squad of 22 which will play in the sec- supply.
he stated, is that there is no force end annual game, they were included By noon the "holiday" movement
which seeks universal peace, though among an additional 25 recommended was in full swing with groups of men
the rudiments of such forces exist. by coaches to bring the squad to full ranging in numbers from 10 to 100
"The force which would be most pow- practice strength. visiting all shops that kept open
erful in attaining peace is moral Ford is a center and Regeczi a "urging" the proprietors to join the
force," he said. halfback. closing movement. In most instances
Although religion has been rele- Four Ali-Americans paced the the shop owners acquiesced.
-- ----squad of 22 which was selected by Signs appeared in most every store
" 737,918 votes cast in the poll, as Don window reading: "Closed on account
Ford VTlla e Hutson of Alabama and Frank Lar- of holiday."
son of Minnesota were selected at Crowd Mills About Plant
To Be V isited ends and Bill Lee, Alabama, at Around the plant of the enameling
tackle, and Francis (Pug) Lund of company, sore spot of the labor
" e Minnesota at a halfback were named. trouble, a large crowd lingered
On ExcUrs1i1 Hutson polled the biggest total, 143,- throughout the day. Guards employed
648. by the company sat within its walls
Others named on the first team are: heavily armed.
Henry Ford's "typical central Mich- tackle, Phil Bengston, Minnesota; The request for troops was made by
igan town of four score years ago" guards, Regis Monahan, Ohio State Mayor Samuel O. Beecher, Sheriff
which he has constructed at Dearborn and Carl Mucha, Alabama; center, William Baker and Prosecutor R. J.
will be visited by students of the Jack Robinson, Notre Dame; quarter- Kearns. They expressed fear that
Summer Session who participate in back, Irvine Warburton, Southern city police, on duty continuously for
the eighth excursion tomorrow after- California; halfbacks, Duane Purvis, more than 36 hours, would be unable
noon. Purdue and Millard Howell, Alabama; to keep under control the rising tide
Bus fare has been set at $1 for fullback, Stan Kostka, Minnesota. of disorder that manifested itself in
round trip. Admission to the village numerous fist fights.

w
,1
a

will be 25 cents.
"Greenfield Village" boasts a white
steepled church, a colonial style town
hall, red-brick school house, tavern,
country store, postoffice, toll gate
station, tin-type gallery and even a
blacksmith shop. Those in charge
of the village it is said, promise the
students many new features and "a
glance at the Museum."
The trip is in charge of Prof. Louis
J. Rouse of the mathematics depart-
ment.

Rubber Monopoly
WASHINGTON, July 22. - (Y') -
An international rubber combine
which has clamped down on the ex-
ports from 95 per cent of the rubber
producing countries was blamed by
Commerce Department officials to-
day for steadily rising prices of that
commodity.
Since March, they said, the price
has risen 1.1 cents per pound.

Major League Standings

I

Windt Acclaims 'Othello' Cast
As Nearest To Ensemble Ideal

Iuntington Library Described
As Factor InLiterary Field

By ELSIE A. PIERCE
The work of the Michigan Reper-
tory Players in the production of
"Othello," which will open tomorrow
night has more nearly than any
other group of local students reached
the ideals of ensemble acting found
in great theater groups, Valentine
B. Windt, director of the Players, said
yesterday.
"The students taking part have
shown by their enthusiastic coopera-
tion that they are inspired by .the
ideals of such great groups as the
players in the Moscow Art Theater
and the Abbey Theater in Ireland,
for they realize that even the small-
est parts are most remunerative," he
said.
Some of the students who have
played bit parts in the previous pro-
ductions of this summer's seasons will

Mr. Windt said, "the part of lIago
has been cut to make the roles of
Othello and Desdemona more out-
standing. However, only two pages
of the script have been cut for our
production, and the role of Iago is a
major one."
Mr. Windt regards "Othello" as one
of the most difficult of the important
Shakespearean tragedies, and it is
only because he feels that the Reper-
tory Players have reached a stage of
development where they can handle
it that he selected "Othello" as one
of the offerings for this summer's sea-
son.
"'Othello' is perhaps the greatest
of the Shakespearean tragedies," Mr.
Windt remarked, "because its charac-
ters have such a universal appeal, and
because its plot construction is nearly
perfect. The characters are not kings

By ROBERT S. RUWITCH
The Henry T. Huntington Library
of San Marino, Calif., which he
characterized as "a library which
promises to be a potent factor in
literary endeavor," was the subject
of discussion yesterday by Dr. Louis
B. Wright, of the research staff of
that institution.
Dr. Wright spoke in Natural Science
Auditorium in the Summer Session
lecture series. He is here at the
University on the summer teaching
staff of 'the English department.
The Huntington Library is the re-
sult of gifts by the late Henry T.
Huntington, famed American collect-
or of art and literary masterpieces.

Chief of the gardens is the cactus
garden, which, according to the
speaker, attracts leading botanists
from all over the country for study.
Both the gardens and the art gal-
lery are open to the general public
but the library proper "is strictly a
scholar's library where any accredited
scholar is welcome."
Most important of the library's
many important collections, Dr.
Wright pointed out, is the English
drama collection which includes 90
per cent of all dramatic works pub-
lished before the Victorian period
(1837-1901).
The research program of the
Huntington Library provides for

AMERICAN LEAGUE
W L
New York..........50 31
Detroit. ..........52 34
Chicago............46 35
Boston..45 41
Cleveland...........42 40
Philadelphia ........36 45
Washington .........36 50
St. Louis ..,.........26 57
Yesterday's Results
Detroit-New York, rain.
Chicago 12, Philadelphia 3.
Cleveland 6, Washington 4.
Boston 2, St. Louis 1.
Games Today
Detroit at New York (2).
Chicago at Philadelphia.
Cleveland at Washington.
St. Louis at Boston.
NATIONAL LEAGUE
W L
New York ............53 29
St. Louis .............53 30
Chicago .............51 35
Pittsburgh ..........47 41
Brooklyn ............39 44
Cincinnati ...........39 48
Philadelphia .........36 48
Bdston.............22 65

Pet.
.617
.605
.568
.523
.512
.444
.419
.313

Pet.
.646
.639
.593
.534
.470
.448
.429
.253

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