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July 10, 1936 - Image 2

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1936-07-10

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Offical Publication of the Summer Session

remedial agencies-schools, police, courts, churches
leisure time, case work and planning agencies.
2. Take a census of problem children in every
school.
3. Get behind Senator Orr's plan to provide
state mental hygiene service for every Juvenile
Court and major school system to cure these
problem cases before they become delinquent.
4. See that your representatives in the legis-
lature know that you are no longer proud of a
pre-war probation system. You don't drive that
style of car, so why not bring your citizenship
up to date with your transportation? Our best
county has 26 juvenile probation officers. Los An-
geles, the same size, has 125! Try that as a chest-
reducer.
5. Organize the cooperation. of your community
agencies through special councils set up to focus
on delinquency prevention. California 93; Mich-
igan 27.
he 6. Get busy! Crime marches on!

Published every morning except Monday during tI
University year and Summer Session by the Board
Control of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Associ
tion and the Big Ten News Service.
MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

in
a-

The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this paper and the local news
published herein. All rights of republication of special
dispatches are reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class matter. Special rate of postage granted b3
Third Assistant Postmaster-General.
Subscription during summer by carrier, $1.50, by mail,
$2.0. During regular school year by carrier, $4.00; b3
mail, $4.50.
Offices: Student Publications Building, Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, Michigan. Phone: 2-1214.
Representatives: National Advertising Service, Inc., 42(
Madison Ave., New York City.-400 N. Michigan Ave.,
Chicago, Ill.
EDITORIAL STAFF -
Telephone 4925
MANAGING EDITOR .............THOMAS E. GROEHN
ASSOCIATE EDITOR ..............THOMAS H. KLEENE
Editorial Director ....... ........Marshall D. Shulman
Dramatc Critic.....................John W. Pritchard
Assistant Editors: Clinton B. Conger, Ralph W. Hurd,
Joseph S. Mattes, Elsie A. Pierce, Tuure Tenander, Jewel
W. Wuerfel.
'eporters: Erleanor Barc, Donal Burns, Mary Delnay, M. E.
Graban, John Hilpert, Richard E. 'Lorch, Vincent Moore,
Elsie Roxborough, William Sours, Dorothea Staebler,
BUSINESS STAFF
Telephone 2-1214
BUSINESS MANAGER...........GEORGE H.- ATHERTON
CREDITS MANAGER ....................JOHN R. PARK
Circulation Manager .................J. Cameron Hall
O.aager.........................Robert Lodge

e
,i
s

As OthersSek
Cooperatives And Competition
The following is from an article in the July number:
of Scribner's Magazine. It is reprinted in its present
form from the United States News.
By HENRY A. WALLACE
(Secretary of Agriculture)

Just Another
Religious Conference?..
A THREE-DAY CONFERENCE on
religion, annually a part of the
Summer Session program, is scheduled to begin
Sunday. Lectures and deliberative sessions con-
sidering problems of such broad import as "Crit-
ical Issues of Contemporary Culture," of such lim-
ited import as "Epistles of Paul in Third Century
Manuscripts," have been planned.
A conference on religion possibly can, be su-
premely worthwhile, probably may be worthless.
The test of its worth lies in its contribution to the
zolution of ordinary problems of ordinary people,
even as you and I.
Undisputably it is a fact that conventional re-
ligion, as expressed in church worship, no longer
enacts. a significant role in student life. All of
us know, or have heard of, some student regularly
attending church, but he or she is now the ex-
ception, and the "average" student may be seen
in church Easter Sunday.
Undisputable, also, is the fact that few, if any,
students are atheists. "Average" students believe
in God, but God simply has no relation to, or
influence upof', their daily activities. The con-
cept of God may enter the classroom, when the
discussion becomes philosophical, the term "God"
may enter the golf course, when the remarks be-
come profane, but to assert that divinity, con-
sciously at least, affects student life is to betray
one's ignorance of collegiana.
At times of extreme stress, when a student feels
himself "at rope's end," the thought of God as a
possible "way out" will enter his mind, but more
than likely will be dismissed as an evidence of
weakness or self-deception. "I ignored God dur-
ing fair weather, 'twould be cowardice to appeal
of Him now," thinks the troubled student.
Does all of this mean that students have an-
swered for themselves the "why's" of existence?
Or does it mean that students never have asked
themselves these "why's"? Or does it mean that
imperceptibly and unintentionally we have come
to realize the futility of considering such prob-
lems? Or does it mean that psychology, phil-
osophy, ethics, sociology, anthropology, biology-
never completed numbers of "ologies" or "isms"j
are today partial-synonyms collectively defining{
that archaic word "religion." Or finally does it
mean that some Browning-like intelligence of1
the distant future will brand our age as searingly
as the .poet's-
"What of soul was left, I wonder,
When the music had to stop."
-seared the age of renascent beaux arts? .
These are not abstractions to be pummelledx
about by philosophers and pedants, they consti-
tute, when defined, the structure upon which are 1
based the solution of ordinary problems of ordi-a
nary people, even as you and I. 1
Will this conference on religion aid us in con-E
structing such a definition, or will it be just an-s
s
other conference on religion? We think it can,t
if it has your help.

THE DOCTRINE of States' rights, now invoked
by the Supreme Court, was a barrier to prog-
ress even in 1787, and was the cause of a terrible
conflict in 1861. Today the States mark no eco-
nomic boundaries that make sense, and they pro-
vide only limited instruments for action to meet
modern problems.
Long ago the great corporations managed to
break down States' rights when they interfered
with corporate expansion. Today it is clear that
States' rights are being invoked not for the rights
which they defend, but for privileges they pro-
tect . . .
The dominant political idea of the future will
probably have to do with the discovery of more
adequate methods of obtaining unity in diversity.
The totalitarian or corporative state represents
the ultimate in unity, but it also represents the
loss of democratic privileges which we hold so
dear.
It seems to me that the unity which we are
seeking has to do with evolving a concept of the
general welfare grounded in both political and eco-
nomic democracy. With all the increasing empha-
sis on unity and interdependence which seems to
me to be inevitable during the next 30 years, it
should not be forgotten that human welfare and
happiness can only be expressed through indi-
viduals ...
Producers' cooperatives are not enough. For the
most part.they merely take the place of middle-
men and, while in many cases they save a sub-
stantial part of the middleman's profit for the
(producer, they do not have any very profound
effect on the people whom they serve.
The cooperative way of life must pervade the
community and this means there must be con-
sumers' cooperatives as well as producers' co-
operatives, and ultimately industrial cooperatives.
To live happily in a cooperative society takes an
entirely different attitude of mind from that re-
quired in a society where free competition is the
dominating rule.
It is my contention that the hereditary nature
of many is as well adapted to one order of society
as the other. In fact, I am inclined to think that
by nature most men are better adapted to the
cooperative form of society than to the competi-
tive.
Among economists the doctrine of free competi-
tion has increasingly been abandoned during the
past 40 years, but business men still cling to it,
or think they do. Disillusionment is beginning
to appear and the fault essentially is with the na-

BOOKS
EUROPE AND. EUROPEANS, by Count Carlo
Sforza; (Bobbs-Merrill).
THE nationalists, the jingoists, certain of the
"interests" are bound (at the best) to accuse
Count Carlo Sforza of undue optimism, provided
any of them read his new "Europe and Europeans."
"The good count," they may say, "is a splendid
fellow, a perfectly splendid fellow. But that's not
the way the world works.
For (reduced to its lowest common denominat-
or) Sforza's argument is simply that a European
union must eventually come about :simply because
the people, the mass of which you and I would be
a part, will force. it. He is not ignorant or con-
temptuous of the enormous forces of national-
ism. He writes:
"Our old reciprocal antipathies and our recent
hatreds alone prevent us from perceiving that the
European feeling has awakened in us Europeans
far more than we suppose." Sforza believes that
latter day statesmen such as Masaryk and Benes,
know what is coming. These, "as is their duty,
value the independence of their country; but they
understand perfectly that a reconciliation of Eur-
ope, even at the cost of common sacrifices, is its
essential primordial condition."
Sforza, also, is not so impressed by European
war possibilities-this in the face of Mussolini's
ambitions, and Hitler's threats. It is because, the
Count believes, "no one in Europe, save a few crazy
brains, believes in war any more-in the advan-
tages of war, I mean. And if so many groups have
taken on a bellicose air, it is mere sham for rea-
sons of home politics, or defense of caste interests."
And very shrewdly, he adds this: "It was only
when the twentieth century brought out in the
masses a spirit of social emancipation coupled
with internationalism, thiat the upper classes all,
everwhere, became warlike in appearance. This
enabled them to say . . . 'Social reforms'? Per-
haps. But first we must save our country, threat-
ened, encircled. We must bend to a supreme na-
tional need."
There is much more, all very lucidly and logi-
cally written. -J.S.
John D. Rockefeller, Sr., ninety-seven years old
this week, ascribes his longevity to the following
list of health rules:
1. Never lose interest in life, business and the
outside world.
2. Eat sparingly and at regular hours.
3. Take plenty of exercise, but not too much.
4. Get plenty of sleep.
5. Never allow yourself to become annoyed.
6. Get a lot of sunlight.
7. Drink as much milk as will agree with you.
8. Set a daily schedule of life and keep to it.
9. Obey your doctor and consult him often.
10. Don't overdo things.
Thanks for the rules, Mr. Rockefeller. Now,
how about the rules for becoming a multi-mil-
lionaire?
Here's a new one in the style of dress. Women
of Rome are adopting the latest fashion in Italy,
light coats on which is printed the map of Ethiopia.
-The Daily Iowan.
France has promised to pay some of her debt
to this country. This, adds the Pierce City (Mo.)
Leader-Journal, with what the political parties are
offering to do, makes 1936 a promising year.
ture of the ideas which have dominated the minds
of the American people.
The philosophy of the future will endeavor to
reconcile the good which is in the competitive,
individualistic and libertarian concepts of the
nineteenth century with the cooperative concepts
which seem to me destined to dominate the late
twentieth century.

Tigers Stretch
Victory Streak CLASSIFIED
Over Senators
CLASSIFIED
(Continued from Page1) ADVERTISING
grounder to force Lewis, and Rogell Place advertisements with Classified
completed a double play getting Stone Advertising Department. Phone 2-1214.
at first. The classified columns closeat five
o'clock previous to day of insertion.
Each team added a run in the Box numbers may be secured at no
extra charge.
fourth, the Tigers when Walker Cash in advance 11e per reading line
singled, stole second, took third on (on basis of five average words to line)
singledfor one or two insertions. 10c per read-
Bolton's wild throw and came home ing line for three or more insertions.
on Hayworth's single, and the Sen- Telephone rate - 15 per reading line
ators on successive singles by Bolton, for two or more insertions. Minimum
Kress and Bluege. three lines per- insertion.
10% discount if paid within ten days
Dietrich's first appearance on the from the date of ast insertion.
2 lines daily, college year ........ ..7c
Washington mound in the seventh ByContract, per line -2 lines daily,
resulted in two more Tiger runs. With one month......................8c
two out, Sullivan and Burns singled, 4 lines E.O.D., 2 months .............c
and Rogell's double to right scored 100 lines used as desired..........9c
300 lines used as desired..........8c
Sullivan. Travis, returning the ball, 1,000 lines used as desired .... .7c
threw wild and Burns also came 2,000 lines used as desired...........6c
home. The above rates are per reading line
based on eight reading lines per inch
The big ninth inning started with Ionic type, upper and lower case. Add
6c per line to above rates for all capital
Owen walking and then beating letters. Add 6e per line to above for
Bluege's throw to second on Hay- bold face, upper and lower case. Add
10c per line to above rates for bold face
worth's grounder. Sullivan was out capital letters.
bunting foul on a third strike, but The above rates are for 7% point type.
Burns scored Owen and sent Hay-
worth to third with a single. After FOR RENT
Rogell popped to Travis, Gehringer
walked, filling the bases and Dietrich ROOMS for ladys In apartment two
gave way- to Cohen. Cohen imme- blocks from campus. Cross yen-
diately walked Goslin, forcing Hay- tilation. L. H. K. privileges. Phone
worth across the plate, then Walker 3752 mornings.
singled to left scoring Burns and.
Gehringer. Goslin and Walker threw FOR RENT: Furnished house for six
the Senators into confusion on a months after August 10. Southeast
double steal, and Bolton tossed the section. Phone 4978. 7
ball over Travis' head, Goslin scoring. - --
Sullivan walked Bluege and pinch- -
hitter Millies to start the Washing- READ THE WANT ADS
ton ninth, and after Chapman popped READTHEWANTA
to Gehringer, Hill's double scored -
Bluege and Kuhel's single brou rht

ADVERTISING
BOARD
BOARD: $3.50 weekly. 12 meals.
Strictly home cooking. Slade's, 608
lill St., nea' State. 2
LOST AND FOUND
LOST: Sheaffer pen. Name on pen,
F. L. Apple. Return to lost and
found department, University Hall.
9
WANTED
WANTED: Graduate student to share
apartment with young business
woman for summer school. Near
campus. Reasonable. Call 3448
evenings. 8
LAUNDRY
EXPERIENCED laundress doing stu-
dent laundry. Called for and de-
livered. Telephone 4863. 2x
LAUNDRY 2-1044. Sox darned.
Careful work at low price. lx
LAUNDRY WANTED: Student Co
ed. Men's shirts 10c. Silks, wools,
our specialty. All bundles done sep-
arately. No markings. Personal sat-
isfaction guaranteed. Call for and
deliver. Phone 5594 any time until
7 o'clock. Silver Laundry, 601 E.
Hoover. 3x

l
1
1
'

BleeadKihlsainaagirn u1Vh+ -L
Millies and Hill both home. The
Tigers sent Rowe in to the rescue,
and the Schoolboy was touched for
singles by Stone and Travis, scoring
Kuhel. However Bolton forced Tra-
vis at second, and Rowe struck out
Kress to end the game.
Now
TWO PICTURES!
Edw. Everett Horton
Glenda Farrell
"NOBODY'S FOOL"
and
Jack Oakie
Sally Eilers
"FLORIDA
SPECIAL"

TATE JTREET
WATCH & JEWELRY REPAIRING

_. I

r

iiiG::

If Web hoose To Av ert War-
-Rebuild T he League And Avoid Isolationists-

By PRESTON W. SLOSSON
(Associate Professor of History)
T SAY that the world is nearer than at any time
since the armistice to another great war is an
unfortunate mode of expression because it suggests
that a new war is predestined whereas it may not
come at all. But if "nearer" be taken in another
way, as implying merely that the danger of war
is greater, it is an unhappy truth.
Briefly to summarize the situation: there are
seven Great Powers in the world, Britain, France,
Italy, Russia, Germany, Japan and the United
States of America. The last three are outside the
League of Nations and Germany, at least, may at
present be considered almost as directly hostile
to it. Russia is a very recent recruit, forced only
by fear of Germany and Japan from a hostile to
a friendly attitude toward the League. Italy, open-
y and successfully defiant of the League over the
Ethiopian war, may leave at any time. The small
states are mostly pro-League but they are bitterly
disappointed at the failure of Britain and France,
o do anything effective to coerce Italy.
But has the League of Nations failed alone? The
Treaty of Versailles and its companion treaties
re still valid, in the main, as fixing the boun-
daries of nations on the map; in all other respects
hey are merely museum pieces. Where now are
eparations? Disarmament of Germany? The de-
militarized Rhineland? The "realism" of Clem-
nceau has perished more completely than the
idealism of Wilson. And our American efforts at
eace-making, what of them? The Washington
reaties are dead and Japan is again engaged in a
beggar-my-neighbor" naval race with us. Japan
nd Italy have walked through the Kellogg Peace
Pact as through thin air. The echoes of the
Rhineland and Ethiopian crises are still in our ears
and already a new crisis in Danzig threatens
var. Austria is a volcano which has erupted more
,an once in recent months and may again do so,

across the tracks, the Europeans!

Isolationist pa

cifists say that we must not trade with belligerents
(which in the conditions of a world war would
mean that we must not trade at all with anyone,
for even trade between neutrals is interfered with
' by belligerents in wartime); that we must abstain
from diplomacy as well as from commerce, enter
into no sort of agreements with wicked foreigners,
and sign little pieces of paper promising never
to fight under any circumstances. Like medieval
hermits we are to rush into the desert and let
the world perish in its sins. That such a policy
is selfish means nothing to isolationist politicians,
publicists, patriots or pacifists; each in his own
way glorifies national selfishness as a virtue. Per-
haps it may have more effect to point out that
economic isolation carried to an extreme also
means economic paralysis and permanent, stand-
ardized poverty.
To wait in sullen stupor until war again explodes
upon us is merely stupid. Fate overtakes those
who believe in fate. What we want is the same
indomitable courage among civilians in this dark
hour of peace that soldiers showed during the
dark hours of the late World War. What is the
way out? Simply for lovers of peace to build new
and better bridges between the nations every time
one crashes. If the League of Nations creaks in
its operation, amend and improve it. If it col-
lapses altogether, create a firmer international
union in its place, just as our national constitution
superseded the old articles of confederation. If
ones disarmament plan fails, examine it for flaws
and then offer a better. If all our efforts fail and
another general war comes, end it with a wiser
peace than Versailles. If our civilization goes down
in the wreck, start a new and better one; just as
our modern Christian civilization is better, in most
respects at least, than the great Roman civilization
which collapsed into the ruin of the Dark Ages.
It may be objected that such rebuilding takes
centuries: hut we have hetter tools than slid Al-

The Campus Sale
of the
STUDENT- FACULTY
DIRECTORY
Begins,
SATURDAY, JU LY 11,
At convenient places on the cam us
Also at

i

Parole
And Delinquency. . .
A LANSING dispatch yesterday an-
nounced that the office of state
psychiatrist was again to be filled, after having
been vacant since 1933.
Parole Commissioner Joseph C. Armstrong, who
revived the office, said that the action was designed
to assure that there shall be no paroles for con-
victs whose mental condition makes them a menace
to society. The move is a proper one and would
be deserving of congratulation had not Michigan
delayed so long. With the introduction of some
measure of science as a substitute for haphazard

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