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July 10, 1936 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1936-07-10

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The Weather
Generally fair and contihued
warm today and tomorrow.

Sir igrn

Alo
at

Editorials
Religious Conference? .
Parole And Delinquency

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XVI No. 10 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 10, 1936

PRICE 5 CENTS

Murphy In
Governor S
Race Here
Is Given Leave Of Absence
From Philippine Duties
For Two Months
Jones Carries On
As Commissioner
Acceptance Of Resignation
Tabled Pending Result
Of Fall Elections

Pr

of. Greene Se
Tests For Men

1
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1
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Should Help Us Greatly In
Solving Social Problems,
speaker Asserts
A prediction that the next ten yearsj
wouldr'see a remarkable advancement
in the precision of mental measure-
ment tests was made yesterday by
Prof. Edward B. Greene of the psy-
chology department in one of the
Summer Session lecture series.. His
topic was "Recent Advances and Ap-
plications of Mental Measurements."
. "In the next ten years we shall
also have a growth in the develop-
ment and administration of standard
tests which will doubtless give a per-
son a chance not only to predict with
considerable accuracy his success in
various industrial fields, but also his
success in marriage and in various so-
cial contacts," Professor Greene said,
In seeking to furnish precise tools
for studies of human action, mental
measurement faces three persistent
and difficult problems, the speaker
said.
The analysis of processes or ele-
ments involved in a particular series
of action, the first of the three prob-
lems mentioned by the speaker, has
two approaches.
"One is a qualitative, subjective ap-
proach in which a person classifies
action as different because he experi-
ences them as different," Professor
Greene said. "This has led to the
construction of tests which give sep-
arate measures of acts that are
thought to be independent. From
these tests a general index of ability

es Advance In
tal Measurement
or achievement may also be calcu-
lated."
Under this classification, Professor
Greene mentioned the Progressive
Achievement Test, which gives a per-
son's position in his age group on
fifteen sorts of tests, as one of the
most interesting. "The items of these
tests have been carefully chosen so
that one can quickly find out on what
sorts of skills his student is deficient."
The new--style test makes no pen-j
alty for time, as did the old, he said
but instead gives unlimited time and
a classification of items.
In discussing tests given to persons
on the college- level and tests given
in variousgoccupations, Professor
Greene said "These analyses all point
to the great similarity between
achievement tests in school subjects
and general intelligence tests."
Factor analysis, developed along)
somewhat different lines than the!
older methods by Spearman, Hol-
zinger, Thurstone and Professor
Adams of the psychology depart-
(Continued on Page 4)
Tigers Stretch
Victory Streak
Over Senators-
Sullivan Winning Pitcher
- As Washington Loses By
10-7 Score

WASHINGTON, July 9.-(P)-_ I
Frank Murphy, of Detroit, submittedf
his resignation as high commissionern
to the Philippine Islands today to run
for governor of Michigan, but Presi-s
dent Roosevelt refused to accept itn
until after the election.-
Murphy, former mayor of Detroit, 1
told the President in a personally-de-t
livered letter that he was running for
governor because he believed that :
"continuance of your leadership ande
the success of the Democratic Party"
in the coming elections were of "first
importance to the people of Michi-t
gan and the country at large." t
Resignation Up To Roosevelt s
His resignation was made subject
to the President's approval and ef-
fective at his pleasure.
In a letter sent to Murphy later in
the day, the President said that he
was holding the resignation "in abey-
ance." He added that Murphy would
be given a leave of absence without
pay for two months beginning Sept. 5.
This would postpone action on the
resignation until after the November
election. The President promised a
"reluctant acceptance" of it at that
time "if developments should com-
pel."
Will Enter ,e T ay
The exchange of letters marked
the culmination of a drive by
Roosevelt campaign managers to get
Murphy to run as New Deal candi-
date for governor in Michigan this
fall. He will formally announce his
entry in the race tomorrow at De-
troit.
His action left a vacancy in the
Philippine commissionership for at]
least the next four months. Murphy
has recommended the appointment
of J. Weldon Jones, his financial ad-
viser, as acting commissioner.
Jones, a former insular auditor, has
been acting as high commissioner
without formal appointment by the
President since Murphy left Manila
two months ago. A recent act off
Congress authorized the naming of1
an acting commissioner in the ab-
sence of. the high commissioner.
Murphy announced his resignation
to newsmen after a lengthy confer-
(Continued on Page 3)
School Ratings
Are Discussed
By Carrothers
The need of better criteria for
judging the efficiency of the secon-
dary schools was stressed by Dr.
George E. Carrothers of the School
of Education who spoke on "The
Committee on the Revision of Stand-
ards for Accrediting Secondary
Schools," yesterday afternoon in the
University High School.
The study of these standards has
been going on for the past three
years, said Dr. Carrothers, and will
throughout the next three. Ever since
1871 the University of Michigan has
accredited schools. At first a school
that was approved was put on the
diploma list of the University. This
meant, said Dr. Carrothers, that their
graduates were accepted for entrance
into the University without examina-
tion.
Graually this list included schools
throughout the state. Today, he add-
ed, the University accredits schools
throughout the state and accepts the
accrediting of other states.. The sec-
ondary schools are at present ac-
credited by six regional associations
throughout the United States such
as the North Central Association.
"The trouble," said Dr. Carrothers,
"was that the criteria for accrediting

Slosson Writes Article
On International Scenej
Need we be drawn into another
World War? Has the League of
Nations failed? What are we
who wish to avert war to do?
The Daily has asked Prof. Pres-
ton W. Slosson of the history de-
partment to answer these and
other questions facing interna-
tionally-minded students today.
His answer can be found on to-
day's editorial page, entitled, "If
We Choose To Avert War-."
Landon Agrees
With Lowden
On Farm Plan

Farmers Receive Bounties
By Cooperating With
U. S. Soil Conservation
TOPEKA, Kans., July 9. - (P) -An
agreement that farmers should be
paid bounties for soil conserving prac-
tices emerged today from a confer-
ence between Gov. Alf M. Landon and
Frank O. Lowden on 1936 campaign
issues.
For more than two hours, the Re-
publican presidential nominee talked
with the veteran Illinois leader.
At the conclusion, Lowden told a
press conference they were "agreed"
on a farm program, and in their
views on concentration of power in
Washington and "the awful extrava-
gance in government, over which" all
our people are aroused.
"Will you campaign for Gov. Lan-
don?" Lowden was asked.
"Sure," he replied. "I don't know
whether I will travel much but I will
make some speeches."
Lowden added his belief that the
outlook for a Landon-Knox victory
was "very hopeful" and "improving
from our standpoint all the time."
"People believe in him," he said
with a gesture toward Landon.
Mallory Found Guilty Of
Stealing Love In Balm Suit
MIAMA, Fla., July 9.-(lP)--A jury
tonight found 22-year-old Lewis E
Mallory, third, stole the love of
Kathryn Crawford from her forme:
husband, James Edgar, Jr., and as-
sessed damages of $35,000. Edgaz
sued for $300,000 heart balm.
The verdict was received in virtua
silence. Circuit Judge Worth W
Trammell had warned against a dem
onstration.
The shirt-sleeved jurors, all mar
ried men, received the young Detroi
sugar heir's claim against Mallory fo
seduction and alienation of Mis:
Crawford's affections, at 4:15 p.m
(Eastern Standard Time) and re
ported their verdict at 10:48 p.m.
DAILY POSITIONS OPEN
All Summer Session students wh(

WASHINGTON, July 9. - (P) - A
big ninth inning splurge gave Detroit1
a 10 to 7 victory over Washington to-'
day to open the Tigers' invasion of
the East and enable them to hold
second place in the American League
by two percentage points over the
Boston Red Sox. The Sox who also
won, and Detroit remain virtually
deadlocked, with the advantage of
the pace-setting New York Yankees
trimmed to nine games.
Holding a two-run lead going into
the ninth, the Tigers scored five'
runs on two hits, three passes, two
stolen bases and an error, one of four
Washington misplays.
Their scoring spree came in handy
for the Senators pushed across four
runs themselves in their half of the
inning. The rally drove Joe Sullivan
off the mound, and Schoolboy Rowe
came in to quell the uprising, finally
fanning Red Kress for the last out
with two men on base.
Sullivan, who relieved the starting
pitcher, Roxie Lawson, in the third
'inning, received credit for the vic-
tory. Earl Whitehill who started for
Washington gave way to a pinch
hitter and was replaced by Bill Die-
trich in the seventh, Dietrich being
charged for the loss. Cohen relieved
Dietrich during the big Tiger ninth.
Gerald Walker led the Tigers at
bat with three singles in five ap-
pearances at the plate, while Goose
Goslin, Jack Burns and Bill Rogell
each collected two safeties, one of
Rogell's being a double.
Joe Kubel, Senator first baseman,
led Washington with two singles and
a double.
Washington scored once in the first
on Chapman's walk, and singles by
Kuhel and Stone. The Tigers grabbed'
I a lead in the second as Goslin singled
and was tagged on the baseline on
Walker's grounder; Simmons doubled
putting Walker on third, Owen singled
scoring Walker and Simmons came
home on Hayworth's fly to Stone.
The Senators tied up the game in
the third,. knocking Lawson Doff the
mound as Chapman doubled and
scored on Lewis' single. Sullivan
came in to fan Kuhel, Gehringer
made a back-handed stab of Stone's
(Continued on Page 2)
Chicago Solon
t,
Slain BGang
f In Auto RaceI

Pact Ratified
By Germany
And Austria
Sign Seven-Point Accord
On Political Problems
With ItalianSupport
Negotiations Last
For Three Weeks
Extensive Agreement May
Forestall Monarchical
Restoration In Austria
VIENNA, July 9.-(/P)--Germany
and Austria, strongly prompted by
Italy, have reached an extensive ac-
cord which would temporarily pre-
vent a Hapsburgdrestoration, diplo-
matic quarters believed tonight.
Legitimists, however, were still
keeping up a show of courage in
face of a 7-point accord in principle
worked out in negotiations between
Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg and
Franz Von Papen, German miinster
to Austria.
A source close to Italian and Ger-
man diplomatic circles said the ne-
gotiations, now in the third week, al-
most broke down, but after prompt-
ings by Italians, the two nations were
on substantial agreement on these
seven points:
1 Nazi party ban in Austria to be
continued.
2. National elements (friendly ex-
tension of German, but not neces-
sarily of Nazi influence) to be per-
mitted activity.
3. National exponents to be in-
cluded 'in Austrian cabinet not later
than fall.
1. Germany's willingness to support
all Austrian measures aimed at equal-
ity, which might, for example, in-
clude the building up of the Austrian
army to 400,000 or 500,000 men.
5 Amnesty for persons convicted
or in concentration camps for Nazi
activity.
6. At least a part of Austrian Nazi
refugees now in Germany to be al-
lowed to return home unpunished.
7. Efforts at trade normalization
kicluding lifting of Germany's 1000-
mark visa requirements for Germans
going to Austria. (This has hurt
Austrian tourist trade).
Diplomatic circles stated no form-
al announcement of the accord was
contemplated until fall.
F. DR. Ready
For Vacation,
Leaves Today
WASHINGTON, July 9. -()-
President Roosevelt put in one of
his busiest days of the summer today
winding up affairs of state for his de-
parture tomorrow night on a vacation
trip.
From early morning until late in
the afternoon, the Chief Executive
was engaged in conferences with a
steady procession of callers on inter-
national affairs, domestic problems
and politics.
He was so busy with callers that
he curtailed the time usually devoted
to the cabinet session and postponed
until tomorrow a conference with
administration officials on drought
'relief plans.
Tomorrow night the President will
leave for New York where he will
dedicate the huge tri-borough bridge
Saturday morning.

From New York he will go to Hyde
Park for a few days before starting
a two-week vacation cruise off the
coast of Maine and Nova Scotia.
First caller on the President's list
today was Frank Murphy, high com-
missioner to the Philippines, who
submitted his resignation and report-
ed on island affairs.
Hold Second Dance
At LeagueTonighi
The second in a series of weekly
dances will be held tonight in the
ballroom of the Michigan League. A
Cowan's orchestra will furnish the
music.
Charlotte Rueger, '37, League pres.
ident, in urging a large attendance
stated that it was not necessary tha
t people come with partners as is th
usual custom in the winter season.
Hope Hartwig, '38, who is in charge
r of hostesses for the dance, will be as

Deaths Pass 200-Mark
As East Swelters Under
Seventh Day Of Drought

Adrian Reports Reading
Of 106 In Mid-Morning;
15 Die In Detroit
Farm Experts See
HeavyCrop Loss
Weatherman Foresees No
Relief In Sight Friday,
101-105 In Detroit
(By the Associated Press)
Michigan counted at least 29 per-
sons dead from the effects of heat
and drownings Thursday as the tem-
perature crossed the 100-degree mark
for the second successive day and
moved to record heights in some lo-
calities.
At Detroit there were fifteen deaths
reported, and fatal collapses in the
blazing hot weather that blanketed
the entire State added the remainder
of the death list.
A d r i a n's official thermometei
soared to 106 degrees a, mid-morning,
carrying a threat to the all-time
Michigan high of 110 degrees set
in Bay City in 1911, but a strong
wind held the temperature at that
mark until late afternoon.
For the first time in the 63-year
history of its weather bureau, Detroit
experienced two consecutive days of
100-plus temperature, the official
reading touching 102 in mid-after-
noon.
Even the Upper Peninsula remained
in the grip of the heat. Marquette,
with a high of 101 at 3 p.m., marked
July as the first month since 1901
that the city has had three days of
such hot weather.
The temperature there dropped to
80 at 6:30 p.m., then started climbing
again.
Houghton reported a similar top of
101, but enjoyed a day's minimum of
66 degrees.
At East Lansing, where 96-degree
heat was reported, Michigan State
college authorities told of heavy dam-
age to pasture lands that they thought
would be reflected in decreased pro-
duction by dairy herds.
H. R. Rather, head of the farm
crops division of the college, predicted
that owners would have to resort to
hay as a feed for their animals. He
declined to hazard a guess whether
this would result in higher milk prices.
Rather said Michigan corn grow-
ers were benefitting from the heat
and that it was ideal for wheat, now
being harvested. He added, "it will
do the bean and potato grower no
good," however.
Bay City and Mt. Clemens reported
104 degrees, and Jackson and Sag-
inaw's maximums were almost as
high. Temperatures in the western
half of the State were slightly lower
than yesterday's in most cases. A
heavy shower in Benton Harbor early
today held the top reading well be-
low yesterday's sizzling 106.
Green Hopes
For Settlement
Of labor Fight
Lewis, Snubbing Meeting
Of Federation, Goes T
White House Conference
WASHINGTON, July 9.-(P)-Re
buffed again by John L. Lewis, in-
surgent United Mine Workers' head
President William Green tonight de
fended the American Federation o
Labor's organization policy and spok
anew of a hope for closing the breach
t in Federation ranks.
He said the issue of industrial a

opposed to craft unions hadbeen mis
trepresented.
rLewis, leader of those Federatior
1 forces which contend all workers it
each industry should join one bid
union, regardless of craft or trade
ignored Green's summons to appeal
before the Federation's executiv(
e council to answer charges which ma:
result in suspension of his faction
e from the federation.
He went, instead, to the Whit
FHuse to talk nolitics with the Presi

Mercury Hits 99.3
At 430 P.M While
Ann Arbor Swelters
The torrid wave which has gripped
Michigan for the greater part of the
week continued yesterday practically
unabated in Ann Arbor as the mer-
cury climbed again to dizzy heights,
officially reaching 99.3 degrees at 4:30
p~m. at the University Observatory.
No prospects for an appreciable let-
up in the heat that has caused great
damage in the drought areas of the
Middle West, could be seen last night
as the weather bureau forecast fair
and continued heat for today.
Yesterday started with the pros-
pect of the temperature surpassing
Wednesday's high mark of 102.2 de-
grees ,the highest temperature re-
corded in Ann Arbor sinc July 24,
1934, when the University Observa-
tory took maximum readings of 105.5
degrees.
At 7 a.m. yesterday the mercury
was at 76.9, four degrees higher than
at the corresponding time on Wed-
nesday, but failed to climb as rapidly
during the forenoon as it had on
Wednesday, reading exactly 95 at
noon.
During the afternoon the temper-
ature kept rising slowly and at 4 p.m.
stood at 98.5. Approximately at 4:30
p.m. the high of 99.3 degrees was
recorded by the Observatory, but at
5 p.m. the temperature had fallen
back to 98.5.
State Workers
Iexperienced,
States Pollock
Ask Civil Service Bill To
Remedy Defects Found
In State Employment
LANSING, July 9.-(R1)-The State
Civil Service Study Commission re-
ported to the governor's office today
that more than 20 per cent of the 13,-
500 employes hired by the adminis-
tration are inexperienced.
Prof. James K. Pollock, of Ann
Arbor, commission chairman, sub-
mitted another fragment of the com-
mission's findings to Governor Fitz-
gerald preparatory to release of the
proposed civil service bill the study
commission is preparing for submis-
sion to the next legislature.
The commission found that 53 per
cent of all state employes have not
had more than five years' experience
in private industry or business before
being hired by the State. Twenty-
five per cent of the employes have
only a grammar school education and
only 56 per cent reached the twelfth
grade.
Pollock charged the State has used
a "slip-shod method" of employing
its help. Two-thirds of the employes
are men, the report continued, and
12 per cent are war veterans. The
State hires only nine certified pub-
lic accountants, and none of these
work for the State board of tax ad.
ministration, the State treasurer, the
auditor general, or the State ad-
ministrative board-departments in
which most of the accounting is done
"The same considerations that in
fluence an employe's original ap
pointment frequently have a bearin
on his salary, the report continued
- "Those persons with the best politica
f backing get the best salaries."
e _
hRath Bryan Owen'
s .To Be Wed Today

n NEW YORK, July 9.-((P)-- Th
n United States Minister to Denmar
g went down the bay to meet her fianc
today and after greeting him with
,r kiss sped him off to a Long =Islam
e Sound estate where they made plan
y to be married.
y Shipboard acquaintances of Cap'
Boerge Rohde blue-eyed, athlete
member of the life guard of Kin
Christian X, quoted him as saying h

Scattered Showers Bring
Relief To West As Rest
Of U. S. Gets New Highs
Wheat Prices Up
With Scant Rains
204,000 Farm Families
Already Dependent On
Relief ForSupport
CHICAGO, July 9.-(P)-Scattered
showers cheered bits of drought's
western domain today as the record
breaking seven-day heat siege as-
sailed eastern states with the hot-
test weather of the summer.
Deaths for the past three days of
blistering weather totalled at least
206 and the list was growing steadily
as 113 degrees was measured on the
official thermometer at Aberdeen, S.
D.
Temperatures from Michigan east
to the seaboard soared toward new
high marks for the year. Adrian,
Mich., reported 106 degrees. New
York City's 102.3 was a new all-time
This'll Cool You Off
TWO RIVERS, Wis., July 9.-(P)
-It was 100 degrees in the shade
today, and WPA workers on a city
park project had to dig through
a four foot snowdrift.
The snow was real, and the drift
was 20 feet long.
It lay at the heart of a dirt
pile placed in the park in March,
when the ground was covered
with a whit, blanket five feet
deep.
top. Washington, D. C., had 104.
Philadelphia perspired in 101. Sev-
eral eastern cities counted their first
heat deaths of the year. Newark, N.
J. had an all time heat record of 105.
Rain Is Insufficient
In the drought belt, precipitation
ranging from a trace at Rapid City,
S. D., to 2.42 inches at Effingham,
Ill., stirred hopes for late and for-
age crops. Devils Lake in North Da-
kota, all counties of which have been
designated as "drought emergency"
areas, got a substantial 1.48 inch fall.
There were showers also in Minne-
sota, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, Utah,
and Nebraska.
But they weren't enough, said Fore-
caster J R. Lloyd of the weather bu-
reau station here. He said that while
more rains were sighted for North
Dakota, parts of Minnesota, Wiscon-
sin and upper Michigan tonight or
tomorrow, they would have no mater-
ial effect on the general drought.
Wheat Price Rises
The dry spell, which already has
rolled up losses exceeding $300,000,-
000 and made government depend-
ents of 204,000 farm families, con-
tinued to dominate the domestic
grain trade.
Wheat resumed its advance after
yesterday's setbacks, when later ad-
vices from Canada indicated that 10,-
000,000 to 12,000,000 acres of prairie
wheat were still in grave danger de-
spite Wednesday's rains. July de-
livery closed here at 1.06$%-. With
prices generally %-1 % higher. About
20 cents a bushel has been added to
wheat's value here since drought de-
l struction got underway in the north-
west spring wheat belt a month ago.
Late field reports continued to em-
phasize need for rain within a week
if the important corn crop was to be
. saved.
J Meanwhile, the government's aid
program was underway and Presi-
dent Roosevelt announced in Wash-
ington he would review its progress at
a conference with directors Friday.
Y Yankees Conquer Cubs
e In Education League, 8-7

k The Yankees defeated the Cubs yes-
e terday in the most hotly contested
a game of the Intramural Education
League held at South Ferry Field by
s a score of 8-7.
The Braves held the Giants runless
t while garnering a brace of tallies and
g won their game by a score of 2-0.
eg The Reds defeated the Cards 5-3,
ie while the Tigers had little trouble in

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CHICAGO, July 9.-(IP)-The two
shotgun slugs that stopped his 60-
mile-an-hour race against gangland
death were the only clues tonight to
the men who slew John M. Bolton,
the Illinois state representative who
wanted to license betting on the races
in Chicago.
The slugs, and the wadding which
went with them, were taken from
Bolton's shattered head after his
driverless automobile careened into
a light post on a west side street
early today.
The killers, who had sped along be-
side him waiting their chance, never

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