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July 04, 1936 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1936-07-04

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UTURDAY, JULY 4,19-34,


We Who Go To War Must Act
17,000,000 dead-17,000,000 soldiers and sailors killed in the last war!
Who are they? Statesmen? Politicians? Big-navy advocates? Munitions man-
ufacturers? Business leaders whose factories hummed during war times? Editors
whose papers love to stir up international bad feeling, because it helps circulation?
No--not one!
Just average citizens. Young men with their lives before them.
They were told it was glory, and look what they got. Look what all of us got!
Back-breaking taxes. Economic disorders that have not yet been righted. A bitter
defeat for one side, a bitter victory for the other.
Yet the world is drifting toward another war right now. And those who profit by
war will encourage that drift unless we who suffer by war fight them!
World Peaceways is a non-profit agency the purpose of which is to solidify the de-
sire most people have to abolish the whole silly business of war.
Today with talk of a coming war heard everywhere, Americans must stand firm in
their determination that the folly of 1914-1918 shall not occur again. World Peace-
ways, an organization for public enlightenment on international affairs, feels that
intelligent efforts can and must be made toward a secure peace. To this end you
can do your share to build up a strong public opinion against war. Write today to
World Peaceways, 103 Park Avenue, New York City.


As Others See I
Alexander Berkman
(From the St. Louis Post-Dispatch)
ALEXANDER BERKMAN'S death by his own
hand comes, dramatically enough, on the eve
of labor's third great attempt to organize the steel
industry. It was during the first attempt, in 1892,
that Berkman, already well known as an anarchist
and companion of Emma Goldman, tried to as-
sassinate Henry Clay Frick. Berkman, aroused by
the Homestead riots, in which several steel strik-
ers were killed, considered Frick to be responsible,
Armed with a cheap pistol and a dagger, heI
obtained entrance into Frick's office, shot andj
stabbed him several times and was himself cap-
Stured.Frick recovered and Berkman spent a
long term in prison. The incident was an in-
ternational sensation.
It was, however, only one of many acts of vio-
lence with which Berkman was directly or indi-
rectly connected. As in the case of Emma Gold-
man, his whole life was one of aggressive war
,against a social order which he found it impossible
to accept. His devotion to anarchy was complete,
He believed in an ideal society, where men were
superior to all restraints by government-a society
far more Utopian in concept than any other form
of radicalism. To further his convictions, he was
willing to resort to the most dangerous, fantastic
and cruel methods of bombing and assassination
-what the anarchists called "direct action.".
Berkman was too fanatical to understand that
these methods, far from bringing on the society of
khis dreams, damaged his own cause irreparably.
The attacks on Frick, Russel Sage, William Mc-
Kinley and the Preparedness day massacre in
San Francisco killed anarchism in the United
States. Berkman finally was deported, went to
Russia and found Bolshevism unpalatable, and
then wandered, homeless and hunted, over the
face of the globe.
A strange man. What will be the final judgment
of him? Will he be the loathsome creature thirst-
ing for blood which he has so often been painted,
or will the perspective of time lend him that at-

A. Scholes; (Witmark.)
WHILE listening to the eminent New York Phil-
harmonic Symphony society in the (presumed)
comfort of your home you may have heard the re-
tiring, throaty voice of Lawrence Gilman say
something like this: "This movement is a kind of
savage zapateado * .. "
And if you were dutifully paying attention, you
may have been brought up short. Just what is a
"zapateado?" you may have wondered. In fact,
it's quite likely you have wondered about a good
many musical terms which have been creeping
more and more frequently into general use. Even
if you know a little about music, you may be con-
fused. We discovered, the other day, a fairly
competent young pianist who admitted she was
puzzled as to which was slower, adagio or largo.
That's an extreme case, but extreme cases do
~exist, as well as millions of mild cases. For the
benefit of all these the eminent British musi-
cologist, Percy A. Scholes, has written still an-
other musical dictionary. It defines in admirably
lucid English nearly 900 terms found in music.
The definitions are short and perfectly under-
standable by anyone. They also are written in
interesting English. Surpisingly, they include
definitions of quite a large number of terms which
the puzzled amateur will not find in even such a
work as Grove-for many years the standard ref-
erence work.
Those who may turn to Mr. Scholes' little book
,will also be delighted to find that the author has
not been led into involved discussions by joy of
hearing his own voice. Obviously anybody want-
ing to know all there is to know on any subject
can dig out the material for himself.
For the American market Mr. Scholes' book
has been edited by Dr. Will Earhart. The changes
are very slight, the most important being the
elimination of the cumbersome and meaningless
British names for the notes. A crochet thus be-
comes a quarter note, and a demisemi-quaver a
32nd note. -J.
mosphere of nobility and self-sacrifice for hu-
manity with which he long ago was garbed by his

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(Continued from Pagel)
ringer' sacrificed them to second and
third, and GooseGslin brought them
home with a single over short. Van
Atta then struck out Walker and
Simmons to endgthe inning.
Carey, bating for Van Atta in the
St. Louis seventh, doubled, and took
third a. Gehringer fumbled Lary's
grounder Carey scored when Clift
hit into a force lay, Rogell tossing
Lary out at second.
The final Tiger run came off Lieb-'
haLddt in the eighth. Owen singled,
Hayworth popped to Lary, then Law-
son beat out a slow bounder and
Burns singled scoring wen.
Sammy West contributed the field-
ing feature of the game, in which
four double plays were completed, by
running 550 yards and lunging low to
nab Lawson's hard drive in the third,
Two more encounters of the four-
game series are scheduled for the
holiday tomorrow. Elden Auker and
Vie Sorrell were named to start for
the Tigers, opposing Thomas and
Caldwell of the Browns.
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G, J

Reforming Party Conventions

AiARRYL F. ZANUCK 20th Century Productio

[N ADDITION to the interpretation of the role
of party conventions given below, as reprinted
from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, it is also inter-
esting to recall the specific effect of radio on po-
litical conventions. Dorothy Thompson, writing
several days ago in her column On The Record,
calls attention to the fact that radio has given
conventions a strictly national character, that con-
ventions are now held for the sake of their effect
on the public, rather than for the purpose of a
party .group meeting to iron out a platform and a
As a result of the fact that each word of a
convention is heard by millions of potential voters,
the real work of the conventions must be done
by oligarchical groups, and no criticisms of party
policies can be permitted in convention, lest the
public feel the presence of party dissension. Like-
wise, criticising party policies before a microphone
is "washing dirty linen in public." .
Thus it is that the poor little delegates come,
listen and cheer, puppets who have no excuse for
existence other than to help to build a psychologi-
cal support for the candidate chosen by small
groups in hotel rooms.
(From the St. Louis Post-Dispatch)
IT HAS BECOME a commonplace amongst
all nations which have tried popular insti-
tutions that the actions of such bodies as our
nominating conventions are subject to the
play of passion and of chance. They meet to
do a single thing-for the platform is really
left to a committee-and upon that one thing
all intrigue centers.
Who that has witnessed them will ever for-
get the intense night scenes, the feverish re-
cesses, of our nominating conventions, when
there is a running to and fro of agents from
delegation to delegation, and every candidate
has his busy headquarters-can ever forget
the shouting and almost frenzied masses on
the floor of the hall when the convention is
in session, swept this way and that, by every
wind of sudden feeling, impatient of debate,
incapable of deliberation?
When a convention's brief work is over, its
own members can scarcely remember the plan
and order of it. They go home unmarked, and
sink into the general body of those who have
nothing to do with the conduct of government.
They cannot be held responsible if their can-
didate fails in his attempt to carry on the Ex-
The foregoing passage might have been written

sened by the fact that it was part of an article
1 published in the Atlantic Monthly in July, 1897;
its author a professor of jurisprudence and po-
litical eponomy at Princeton University named
Woodrow Wilson.
"Evidently, it is a purely providential form of
government," he wrote elsewhere in the article. It
is as apparent in 1936 as it was in 1897 that such
feverish, intense gatherings are "impatient of de-
bate, incapable of deliberation," as the news re-
ports and the radio broadcasts have testified.
When Wilson became President, he sought to
cure these conditions. In his message to Congress
on Dec. 2, 1912, he said: "I feel confident that I do
not misinterpret the wishes or the expectations
of the country when I urge legislation which will
provide for primary elections throughout the
country at which the voters of the several parties
may choose their nominees for the presidency
without the intervention of nominating conven-
He outlined his proposal, to retain party con-
ventions, but only to accept the verdict of the
(primaries and formulate the platforms; the dele-
gates not to be chosen at large, but to consist of
each party's nominees for House and Senate at
the forthcoming elections, the Senators still in
office, the national committees and the presiden-
tial nominees. In this way, he said, "the platforms
may be framed by those responsible to the people
for carrying them into effect."
Congress took no action on this proposal for
direct national primaries; in fact; it is probable
that Congress lacks power under the Constitution
to enact such a law. The states began adopting
presidential primaries in 1910, but eight of the 25
that did so have abandoned the plan, and in others
the scheme has proved of little value in determ-
ining a choice of nominees. President Wilson
himself dealt the plan a blow in 1916, when lie re-
fused to let his name be entered in such primaries.
At present, they are chiefly used as a political de-
vice to forward the hopes of "favorite sons."
The remedy Wilson urged for convention evils
thus has proved ineffective. What, then, is the
solution? No definite plan now appears to be in
sight. Doubtless much could be done if the parties
! would reduce the ballyhoo elements in the con-
ventions to a minimum, and dispatch the business
for which they are convened as speedily as pos-
sible. For instance, the work of the two recent
conventions, if shorn of the gaudy atmosphere of
showmanship, could have been finished in one or
two days of deliberation, instead of being pro-
longed to lengthy circus performances.





how a native of the Riff country
ran more than sixty miles without
a halt to deliver a message to the
British Governor. Such marathon
running is reminiscent of the ath-
letic prowess of ancient Athens, now
but a chapter in history.
THE WIRES OF The Associated
Press flash important news from
all the world in less time than it
took the Riff to get a fair start on
his sixty-mile journey. Keep en-
lightened -keep informed. Read


® .. .uri,*1. -I .'. .Y~ni±a * .I

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