THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, AUG. 21,
Prof. O'Roke Finds Traces Of
Curious Animal Disease In Deer,
Autopsy On 14 Perforrned
To Reveal 'Sickle Cell''
"Sickle cell" anemia, a disease very
rarely found heretofore among ani-
mals, has been detected in 14 autop-!
sies performed upon 178 deer, re-
ports Dr. E. C. O'Roke, animal path-I
ologist of the University of MichiganI
School of Forestry and Conservation.j
While searching for deer lungI
worms his attention was drawn to aI
number of deer whose red blood cells
instead of being perfectly roundI
showed defintie half-moon shapes,;
Dr. O'Roke states in a recent num-
ber of the Proceedings of the So-
ciety for Experimental Biology andj
Medicine. In conference with Dr.I
Raphael Issacs, of the University
Medical School, it was determinedt
that the symptoms were doubtlesslyt
those of sickle cell anemia.-
Autopsies on the diseased animalst
showed that there was an atrophy of
the spleen in practically all of thei
specimens. This is a characteristic ofI
sickle cell anemia in humans, thel
spleen being an organ which norm-
ally both stores up red blood cells for
use during activity and separates out
the cells which are no longer ef-
ficient. The pulp, or main body of
the spleen was greatly reduced in
most of the deer, according to Dr.
Another similarity to the human
type of sickle cell anemia was the
fact that the deer examined showed
an unusual amount of breakage in
the leg bones. This is a condition al-
so noted among human patients, due
to a thinning of the
outer layer of
He Was Forced
Judge May Throw Aside
Confession In Trial Of
Moore For Co-Ed Death
ASHEVILLE, N. C., Aug. 20.-(')--
Martin Moore, fighting for his life,
told Judge Don Phillips today that
fists and a rubber hose were used
to wrench from him a confession that
he killed 18-year-old Helen Clevenger
while a thunderstorm raged about
her hotel room in the small hours of
The lanky 22-year-old Negro,
whose appearance on the stand sent
the girl's father, J. F. Clevenger, into
a fainting spell, made the statement
in the absence of the jury while the
judge was considering whether to
admit the confession into evidence.'
After lengthy arguments and ques-
tioning of several witnesses, the
Judge allowed two witnesses to tell
what they heard as Moore confessed,
but refused to allow Sheriff Laurence
E. Brown or other officers to present
the signed statement or details of its
Carried To Hotel
Clevenger, whose home is at Great
Kills, Staten Island, N. Y., was car-
ried to his hotel and placed under
care of a physician.
Answering charges of coercion by
defense counsel while the jury was
out, Sheriff Brown said:
"The only thing I said to him was
that if he told me the truth about
this matter I would tell the judge
he told me the truth."
Siding with the defense claim of
coercion and inducement, Judge
Moore told the court "a fat man"
whose name he did not know "beat
me with a rubber hose and hit me
in the stomach with his fist" while
he was being questioned in jail.
'The Fat Man'
"The fat man," Moore said, also
told him officers had found his fin-
gerprints on a lamp shade in the
girl's room. Prior to the trial Sher-
iff Brown said no fingerprints of any
value were found.
Walter B. Orr, former Charlotte,
N. C., chief of police who aided in
the investigation of the case, said
two New York detectives, "Quinn and
Martin," were present while Moore
was questioned. He described Quinn
as weighing "about 200 pounds.".
Orr said he stopped a fight between
Moore and W. L. Roddy, Negro fel-
low employe of the defendant at the
Battery Park Hotel, while the two
were handcuffed together. Moore
had claimed Roddy borrowed the gun
which he later admitted he used to
kill the girl when she frightened him
by screaming when he entered her
room to rob it.
the bone. The deer were typically
"anemic," being thin, emaciated and
with "watery" blood.
The deer showing anemia were all
from two regions, near Alpena and
Bitely. In 100 specimens from an-
other area no cases were discovered.
The condition was also detected,
however, in a specimen examined by
Dr. O'Roke in California. This makes
it likely that the condition may be
hereditary, still another analogy to
the disease in humans.
Further studies of the condition are
to be made, according to Dr. O'Roke,
since the disease may have some con-
nection with the inability of certain
deer to withstand severe winters. So
far the anemia has been found most-
ly in fawns and young deer.
There is no evidence thus far that
the condition is caused by any bac-
teria or filterable virus. It is a physi-
cal abnormality and in no sense con-
tagious to other animals or man. The
abnormality has been observed by Dr.
Don R. Coburn, of the State Depart-
ment of Conservation, according to
No More Delay
To Be Allowed
In Legion Trial
Judge Tells Prosecutors To
Come To Agreement On
Date By Today
DETROIT, Aug. 20.--kP)-Circuit
Judge Joseph Moynihan announced
today he would countenance no
further delay in the trial of 12 Black
Legionnaires charged with kidnaping
and killing Charles A. Poole.
He told County Prosecutor Dun-
can C. McCrea and Assistant Attor-
ney General Chester P. O'Hara, who:
has intervened in the case, that "if
you can't agree on a date by 9:30
a.m. tomorrow, I'll assist you."
The judge denied defense motions
to dismiss charges against John S.
Vincent, Albert Stevens, Virgil Mor-
row and Thomas R. Craig.
He also asked Prosecutor McCrea
to hasten the examination of John B.
Mitchell and to submit a medical re-
port on the condition of George John-
son, another defendant who has been
ill in Receiving Hospital since his
arrest in May. Should they be held
for trial, the number of defendants
would be increased to 14.
McCrea and O'Hara had disagreed
on several matters pertaining to the
prosecution when Judge Moynihan
delivered his ultimatum. McCrea had
asked for dismissal of the kidnaping
charges, electing to stand on the
murder charges, but O'Hara had pre-
vailed with his insistance that both
2 Fire Trucks
Collide On Way
To Fight Blaze
Seeks Study Of Approach
To Crop Insurance And
Rural Credit Issues
HYDE PARK, Aug. 20.-(J)-Post-
election conference of farm organiza-
tions to study an effective approach
to the problems of crop insurance
and rural credit was suggested by
President Roosevelt today as he con-
tinued to survey drought relief needs.
Crop insurance and rural credit are
two of the key items of the legislative
program of the National Grange, and
Louis J. Taber, master of the Grange,
said they had been emphasized, along
with drought problems, in an hour's
conference with the President and
"The President and Wallace," Ta-
ber told the reporters afterward,
"suggested it might be a good idea to
call a conference of farm organiza-
tions and other interested parties
after the election to consider an in-.
telligent approach to both these prob-
lems, crop insurance and rural credit.
"The President gave assurance that
the administration was studying
something sound in this regard."
The Grange, Taber said, is advo-
cating a crop insurance program car-
ried out through Federal state co-
operation at a cost of around $25,-
000,000 a year. The cost would be
much lower than for the present
method of drought relief, he said.
Confers With President
Wallace, who is expected to accom-
pany Mr. Roosevelt on a trip to the
drought-parched Mid-West starting
Tuesday night from Washington,
conferred with the President private-'
ly about drought conditions, but had
nothing to say afterward.
The itinerary for the drought-state
tour was virtually completed during
the day, but the President was hold-
ing up its announcement until all
details were final. White House aides
said they expected to make it public
tomorrow and at the same time dis-
patch invitations to drought state
governors for a series of conferences
with the President on his swing
through the dust bowl.
The President said some time ago
I that Governor Landon would be in-
St. Louis .......
Philadelphia ..,.. .
.... 75 40
.... 61 56
.... 59 59
.... 41 47
Detroit 8, St. Louis 4.
Only game scheduled.
Chicago at Detroit.
St. Louis at Cleveland.
Washington at Philadelphia.
Boston at New York.
War Games Forces
CAMP CUSTER, Aug. 20.-(P)-
Twenty thousand National Guards-
men of Michigan, Illinois and Wis-
consin awaited demobilization to-
night, their two weeks of training,
which included participat nin ex-
tensive war maneuvers in Allegan
A demonstration of the firing pow-
er and maneuverability of the me-
chanized first cavalry, from Fort
Knox, Ky., ended the second army's
war games. The mechanized unit
simulated an attempt to capture
Harbord Hill, on the Camp Custer
Wisconsin troops will embark for
Milwaukee tomorrow from Grand
Haven and South Haven. Illinois
guardsmen will return home by mo-
tor convoy and by boat.
New York ....
S66 49 ,
5... . 69
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Hopes Are CoolingFOR_____
HARLEY DAVIDSON single cylinder
(Continued from Page 1) model. A nice bike. Economical and
dependable. low priced. Call 5778.
French plan-but with reservations. WANTED
Italy has said she would do nothing
in Spain if France'"wouldn't. Both WANTED: Log Log slide rule and
Italy and Germany, through the of- drawing instruments. Phone 3082
ficial press, have accused France of between 1 and 2 Friday.
talking ileutrality and acting for the
Socialist Loyalists at the same time. WANTED: Three persons to fill out
StiaistLoyaitatinhsami e.f- tonneau of large seven-passenger
Striving to maintain a middle-of- Cadillac V-16. Leaving for New
the road course was Great Britain York via Joe Bathey's Sunday
which was trying to find out whether morning. For further information
there really was a blockade of cer- call either G. Athertoin at 2-2977
tain coastal areas held by rebels. or J. Park at 2-1214.
Britain was informed that this was
poused the loyalists, as the Madrid
so by the Spanish Loyalists, but ac- forces contain a large contingent of
cording to iernational custom, it Communists and Anarchists.
was said, a blockade is not a block- Th.nte tts'plc.hsbe
ade until it is recognized as such. one of strict non-intervention, as an-
Great Britain wanted to know. nounced on several occasions by Pres-
She already has declared an em- ident Roosevelt, although in some
bargo on all shipments of arms to British circles the United States was
either Spanish belligerent. suggested as perhaps the most inde-
Soviet Russia throughout has es- pendent mediator.
Ii OWSaib ira Stanw yck - Robert Young
GENE RAYMOND NED SPARKS
The hilariously diverting comnedy
'"Tlie lBridle Walks Out"
St. Louis 4, Cincinnati 2.
Pittsburgh 8, Chicago 7 (11
Boston 3, Philadelphia 1.
Brooklyn-New York (not sc
New York at Boston
Cincinnati at Chicago.
Pittsburgh at St. Louis.
Philadelphia - Brooklyn
played later date).
eluded, and the
Kansan indicated he
By ROBERT L. GACHD
The following problem is one thatI
probably has bothered some of you.
If a picture were taken with every-
thing perfect except focus, would it
be possible to print it sharply by
projection if a focusing enlarger were
used and you compensated for the
error in fosus.
If this were possible we would be
using lenses of f.0000000001 aperature
and wouldn't bother to focus them.
However the question is inspired by a
great deal of thought, and is one
that pops up frequently.
This is not possible at all and the
following viewpoint may make it
clear. Forget anything about how a
lens forms an image, and look at it
this way. You put a film into an en-
larger, the best that the enlarger can
do is to give you a print that is as
sharp as the negative. This print is
in a certain sense a picture of the
film, and just like the camera, which
has to be focused on the object, the
enlarger lens must be focused on the
If you tried this method of so
called reconstruction you would be
making an out of focus print of an
out of focus film, or two times two
A double coated Scotch tape
has been develpoed for the shoe
industry. The manufacturers have
discovered that it is very handy for
mounting photographs so it will be
available to the photographic in-
dustry in a very short time.
HOLLYWOOD, Aug. 20.-(Y)-The
engagement of Jeanette MacDonald,
screen singer, and Gene Raymond,
film actor, was announced today by
Miss MacDonald's mother, Mrs. Anna
MacDonald, at a tea attended by a
number of motion picture notables.
- < f')
Firemen Are Injured,
One Critically; Wagons
Crash At Intersection
DETROIT, Aug. 20.-P)-Two
firemen were injured, ono critically,
when fire trucks hurrying to answer
an alarm today collided at a down-
town intersection here.
Joe Hallman, of High Pressure Co.,
No. 1, suffered a skull fracture, frac-
tures of both legs and the jaw, and
burns about the legs. Elmer V. Gra-
ham, hose cart driver for the same
company, was less seriously hurt.
Therother truck was an enclosed
pumper of Engine Co. No. 1. Tony
Kort, driver of the pumper, said both
vehicles were traveling at a high rate
of speed. The sirens of both were
going, and neither driver could hear
the other's siren.
Graham was thrown 20 feet from
the hose cart by the impact. Hall-
man was partially caught beneath
one wheel, and his clothing was ig-
nited when gasoline from a dam-
aged tank on the truck burst into
flames. Other firemen suffered min-
or burns extinguishing the flames.
Both trucks were badly damaged.
LAST TIMES TODAY-
2:00 -- 4:00 -- 7:30 -- 9:35