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August 20, 1936 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1936-08-20

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The Weather
Generally fair, cooler south
portion today; tomorrow cloudy,
warmer north and extreme west


Sir i gan


Tip To
Potential Soldiers ..

Official Publication Of The Summer Session


Farley Flays
At Republican
'Scare' Drive
Attacks GOP Campaign As
Effort To 'Break Down
Faith OfPeople'
His First Speech
Since Convention

Bells For University's Carillon
Are Tried Out In Test Concert

Are Hung In
Test Tower

For Tuning

LONDON, Aug. 19-Final testing
of the 53 bells cast at the historic
bell foundry of John Taylor & Co.
at Loughborough for the University
of Michigan carillon required the
building of a temporary test tower
duplicating the positions in which
the bells will be hung in Ann Arbor.
When this was completed expert
carillonneurs played and skilled tun-
ers listened in. Every time the foun-
dry completes a set of bells, Lough-
borough is treated to a concert. The
Ann Arbor carillon will be the third
largest in the world.
The 53 bells, together with their
framework and equipment, will weigh
approximately 200,000 pounds. The


Credits Business
To Actions Of
Since Election


NEW YORK, Aug. 19.-(IP)-Demo-
cratic Chairman James A. Farley to-
night struck out at what he termed
the "scare" campaign of the Repub-
lican party.
In his first political speech since
the national conventions, Farley as-
serted that the, Republican campaitn
"consists of nothing more than* ef-
fort to break down the faith of the
people in the Roosevelt administra-
tion by a constant barrage of scare
Speaking over a Mutual Broadcast-
ing Company network on the occa-
sion of Democratic jubilee banquets
in several Michigan cities, the Dem-
ocratic leader said:
"The G.O.P. is vainly hoping that
enough voters can be frightened to
secure the success of their ticket.
They underestimate the intelligence
of the American voters."
Cites Scares
Farley originally wassscheduled to
speak in Detroit, but was held here,
he said, by "the demands of the
He listed the following ' as "the
two favorite bogeymen in the stale
and, dreary scare campaign which
the Republicans are using in their
efforts to intimidate the electorate":
1. That the public debt will bank-
rupt the country.
2. That sinister forces are at work
in the Roosevelt administration to
weaken the Constitution.

He answered these charges byr
quoting from statements made somec
time ago by two Michigan Republican
leaders. He quoted Senator JamesE
Couzens as saying there was no
danger of bankruptcy and that het
"was disgusted with this constantx
talk about balancing the budget." Ont
the second charge, he quoted former1
Governor Groesbeck as saying "this
talk about the Constitution being en-
dangered is pure bunk." .
"When we examine the Republican
case," Farley continued, "we find
nothing but two scare stories, both of
which disappear in the light of hard{
Turning to President Roosevelt's
record, the Democratic leader de-
clared "he has brought this countryf
from a condition of business stag-
nation and paralysis to a high level
of prosperity and happiness for all
sections and all classes."
Landon A 'Gentleman'
Citing a recent statement from
the United States Chamber of Com-
merce that 1936 would be the best
year in business since 1929, Farley
said the only persons who did not
credit the New Deal with bringing
about recovery were those in "the
relatively small group that has ben-
efitted most."1
"It was because we had a man at
the head of our country who daredj
put the props under the tottering
structure of business, which only the
Federal government could supply,1
that business was able to continue,"
he declared after describing condi-
tions in 1932.
"It was only because government
assumed the burden of keeping the,
workless millions of our population#
alive that rioting, if not revolution,
was averted."
Farley described Governor Alf M.
Landon as "a gentleman who is"
doubtless well-intentioned himself,
but is being backed by the very in-.
terests which seek to break down the;
machinery that has brought us out
of a nightmare of doubt and distress
to at least a measure of confidence
and economic security.,,
Colonel Not Perturbed
Of Colonel Frank Knox, the Re-
publican Vice-Presidential nominee,
he said:
"I am aware of the fact that while
Governor Landon is maintaining a
policy of strict silence on campaign
issues, his running mate, Colonel
Knox, is galloping about the country
warning the people that they are
in peril. Almost nightly he thun-

University Men
Give Speeches
At Health Meett
Grand Rapids Specialista
Opens Drive To Be Madet
In State Against Cancer
MARQUETTE, Aug. 19. - () -s
Pointing to the success of the edu-
cational campaign which reduced tu-
berculosis from second to sixth placet
in the list of principal causes of
death in the United States Dr. Henry
J. Vandenberg, of Grand Rapids, inj
an illustrated lecture tonight before
several hundred persons here, ex-
plained that the prevalence of cancer
has forced health authorities of the
nation to set up a similar plan of
battle against that disease, which is
causing 100 tleaths each week in the
state of Michigan alone.
"One out of every 10 persons today
dies of cancer," the specialist de-
clared, "and this disease has jumped
into second place. among the prin-
cipal causes of death in the nation,
ranking close to the leader-heart
Speaking on the topic, "the pres-
ent knowledge of the cause and curec
of cancer," Dr. Vandenberg was one1
of the two speakers on tonight's
public session of the 1936 conferencet
of health professions, which endst
here tomorrow. Dr. Howard Y. Mc-
Clusky, of the University of Mich-C
igan, was the other speaker. His(
topic was "growing up mentally." t
What constitutes a complete health
service for the community was the
question under consideration at thet
opening session of the conferencef
this afternoon. About 75 representa-
tives of medical and health profes-
sions in the Upper Peninsula attend-t
Opening the program. in place of
(Continued on Pae 4
Browns Defeat
Tigers In Big
Second Inning
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 19.-(/P)-The De-
troit Tigers lost a chance to tie for
second place in the American League
today as they dropped a 13 to 8 slug- .
fest to the St. Louis Browns.
Each team collected fifteen hits, but
the Brownie blows were more effec-
tive. Included in the sluggers' pro-
duction for the day were three home
runs, a three-bagger and six doubles.
The Browns knocked Rookie Jake
Wade from the mound during a sev-
en-run spree in the' second inning.
Red Phillips, Roxie Lawson and Joe
Sullivan followed him, and only Law-
son escaped the fury of the St. Louis
Al Thomas went the route for the
Browns and was hit hard and often,
but behind the big lead his team-
mates piled up, never was in danger.
As a result of the defeat, Detroit
dropped a full game behind the sec-
ond-place Cleveland club which was
idle today.
Wade walked four Brownies and
allowed three singles and a triple be-
fore he was taken from the mound in
the second inning. The other big St.
Louis scoring burst came in the sixth
when Phillips was touched for home
runs by Solters and Bottomley, and
singles by Bell and West, the hits
bringing in four runs.

Gas And Cave-Irs Make
It Difficult For Rescue1
MOBERLY, Mo., Aug. 19.-()-t
Doggedly fighting the double-edgedx
menace of gas and cave-in, weary
coal miners bored through a debris-t
littered shaft tonight toward four
fellow workers, trapped for moret
than 24 hours behind a collapsed
tunnel, 100 feet below the surface.
"We're going to stay on the job,"
declared State Mine Inspector Arnold
Griffith. Veteran miners doubted if
the men had survived their day and
night entombment.
Twice deadly black 'damp-gas
that lurks in coal mines when air
circulation is blocked-drove rescue1
crews to the surface after they had
wormed their way down a water-
blocked air vent to the debris-blocked!
bottom of the main shaft.
Fire Breaks Out
A report late today said another
fire-similar to the one which pre-
ceded yesterday's collapse - had
broken out beneath the surface, but
Griffith said he believed the flames
under contol.
Griffith, who led one of the rescue
crews, said he did not expect the
main shaft to be cleared for sev-
eral hours.
"All of the hope now depends upon
the judgment used by the entrapped
men. If they are in what we call the
'back entrance' they may be saved."
The "back entrance" is the extreme
end of one tunnel that leads off the
main shaft.
With the men in the mine when
the fire swept the superstructure and
caved-in the main shaft yesterday,
was a black and white spotted Shet-
land pony, used to draw coal cars.
Griffith said it would have been
necessary to kill the animal because
it would use five times as much air
as any one of the imprisoned men.
Keep Up Hope
Among the exhausted workers with
bloodshot eyes and haggard faces
moved the wives and families of the
imprisoned miners. Infants cried in
their mothers arms. Thick clouds of
dust swirled about the mine en-
Families of the men kept up hope
as the rescue crews drove ahead.
"Demmie is a level-headed man,"
said Mrs. J. F. Sexton of her son,
Demmie Sexton, 32, one of the vic-
tims. "If he just used 'that level
headedness in the excitement there
is still hope."
Her husband added:
"I think our boy still has a chance
if he only kept a steady head after

weight of the largest bell is slightly
over 24,000 pounds.
Bellmaking is an art with cen-
turies of traditions behind it, and it
s an art, moreover, toward the at-
tainment of which there is no short
cut. That is why there are so few
notable bell foundries in the world.
M[odern industrial revolution has not
passed this art by, nor has it over-
looked it. It has aided it, but it has
failed to absorb it. That is be-
cause mechanical genius is not the
primary consideration involved.
In the case of all large and heavy
bells such as, for instance, a num-
er of those in the Ann Arbor car-
illon, they are cast in molds fixed
in the sandpits where they after-
wards remain buried for weeks before
any attempt is made to uncover
them. This is because their cooling
must be very gradual and steady.
Any attempt to hasten the cooling
would wreck weeks of labor and cause
endless financial loss.
One of the most interesting pro-
cesses in bell making is the tuning
of the bells. The heavier the bell,
the deeper and more resonant is its
note, and when it is remembered that
every bell has five separate and dis-
tinct notes, it will be realized what
a delicate operation this is.
The five notes are the hum note,
an octave below the strike note;
the nominal note, an octave above;
the tierce, the third note; the quint,
which is the fifth note; and finally
the strike note. These must all
It is the practice, or perhaps the
art, to produce all bells so that
the original cast gives off a note
(Continued on Page 4)
Miners Battle
To Save Lives
of Comrades

Knox Repeats
His Attack On
New Deal Law
Chicago Publisher Scores
Administration For Its
NRA, Part Of WPA
Free Enterprise Is
Only Practical Rule
Tells Merchants 'Business
Of Country Can't Be Run
From Washington'
HAGERSTOWN, Md., Aug. 19.-(/P)
-Calling for "few laws and betterl
aws," Colonel Frank Knox, Repub-
lican Vice-Presidential nominee, to-
night declared that "the business of
this country cannot be run from
The Chicago publisher set out his
views on "the relation of the nationalg
government to our business affairs"t
in an address prepared for deliverya
before the annual meeting of the
United retail merchants association.1
Retailers from Maryland, Pennsyl-
vania, West Virginia and Virginiac
made up part of his audience.D
After criticizing some of the Roose-
velt administration's activities, par-f
ticularly the now dead NRA and
some WPA projects, Knox asserteds
that "free enterprise" was the "onlyf
system that will work." He added:v
Trial Has Been Given t
"We have been giving the otherv
systems a trial. We tried govern-c
ment regimentation, and we shall
,be years recovering from the experi-~
ment. We tried cracking down onc
business, and it paralyzed invest-
ment. The lesson * * * is that thet
business of this country cannot bec
run from Washington."a
With both Democrats and Repub-t
licans in his audience, Knox said iti
would be poor "taste to convert thec
occasion to partisan political pur-t
He said he would talk about "some
of the problems of * * * * men who
earn their livings." It was the thirdc
major address of his 35-state cam-c
paign tour.
"We cannot go back to those simpleH
times when Thomas Jefferson ate hist
breakfast, got on his horse, and rode
to the White House to be inaug-
urated," he said.
"There seems to be some question
whether even horse-and-buggy meth-c
ods can be retained.
'Leave Individuals Alone' t
"But we should not have the end-
less confusion and complexity andl
milling around and general hulla-
baloo that now characterizes our na-
tional government.
"For the past three years all Amer-e
ican business has lived in the shadowl
of fear and uncertainty. Business;
;men cannot create recovery when
they have to spend their time reading
the paper to see what happened to
them the day before in Washing-
"It is high time we abandon this
foolish notion that government can
direct industry and control produc-
tion and guarantee profits and in-
sure wages."
Knox declared the Federal govern-
ment should regulate only for the
purpose of "guaranteeing fair play,"
and should "leave individuals alone."
(continued on Page 3)
Armistice Day
Is Reached As
Maneuvers End

CAMP CUSTER, Aug. 19.-(')-
Tanks, armored cars and massed air-
planes, the army's latest weapons,
roared a finale to the summer man-
euvers of the Second Army today
while 25,000 troops watched the dem-
In the air fleet were 77 planes,
including attack, pursuit, observa-
tion and bombing ships, from the
general headquarters air force. On
the ground, mechanized cavalry from
Fort Knox, Ky., attacked a hill and
drove out a theoretical enemy.
After the demonstration, staged
for the benefit of national guards-
men from Michigan, Wisconsin and
Illinois, the motorized cavalry left
for Fort Knox. It will follow High-
way U.S.-131 south from Kalamazoo,
Michigan and Wisconsin National
Guardsmen, composing the thirty-

Assert Spain Is Justified
In Receiving Aid From
Abroad ToQuell Rebefs
Rut Help To Fascists
Is Branded 'Illegal'
Autonomous Government
Of Catalonia Carries Out
A ProgramOf Socialism
MADRID, Aug. 19.-(/P)-Socialist
government leaders tonight girded
their forces for "a serious long, war,"
and anxiously watched developments
in the powers' neutrality moves.
Government leaders kept silent on
concrete evidences of French sym-
pathy to their cause, but insisted
Spain was justified in receiving aid
from foreign powers in a civil war.
At the same time, high government
sources said, any direct aid by a
foreign power to the Fascist rebels
would be considered a violation of in-
ternational law serious enough to
warrant submission before the League
of Nations.
Loyalist leaders organized a "rear
guard" as rebels prowled the adja-
cent Guadarrama mountains.
Within the city of Madrid. the
Communist adherents to the loyalist
cause asked for transformation of
all civil industries into war indus-
tries, while the autonomous govern-
ment in Catalonia began carrying
out its socialization of all indus-
tries, and control of banking opera-
Government Claims Victory
The government claimed a victory
over the Fascists at the walled city
of Avila, about 60 miles west of Ma-
drid, and asserted 500 rebels were
killed or captured while six big guns
were seized.
The revolters, the government de-
clared, marched out of the city,
which they had been holding, in an
attempt to cut off the loyalist forces
of General Mangada from his base
and to open a rebel line of escape
to Portugal.
Near Granada, in southern Spain,
loyalists seized a gun powder fac-
tory, the Madrid regime said.
Three insurgent airplanes and a
rebel warship bombarded the north-
ern city of San Sebastian, which had
been under Fascist siege for nearly
a month. Three persons were killed
and seven others were wounded.
while the populace was thrown into
a panic.
The high command of the loyalists
reported nothing important had been
heard during the day from any army
front except the seizure of a gun-
powder factory near Granada by
local troops from Cartagena.
Government forces defending be
sieged Irun were battling fiercely
against rebel land attackers nea
the French frontier. One column o
rebels was within yards of the city's
Women Urged Home
Continuing its campaign for new
recruits to defend Madrid against an
expected rebel onslaught, the gov-
ernment urged women who were
fighting side by side with their men
at the front to return home and de-
vote their patriotic energies to the
manufacture of munitions, bandages
winter clothing and underwear fo
the troops.
At Oviedo, the besieging Asturian
miners were being fought bitterl
by rebel troops, with little news o
the encounter reaching Madrid.
The miners, it was given out
were marching on Oviedo with stick
of dynamite stuck in their belt:
which they lighted from cigars the
grimly puffed as they went int
The government earlier had pre
dicted the fall of Oviedo momentarily
Intermittent battles still were go

ing on in Badajoz province whil
the war minister said civilians o
Ifni on the West African coast wer
organizing to fight back rebel force
which triumphed there several-day
War Chest Swells
In Madrid, meanwhile, it was an

Ford Swings It At
Dancing Class In
Pequaming School
HOUGHTON, Mich., Aug. 19.-(A')
-Henry Ford dropped into Pequam-
ing, Baraga county, Monday after-
noon, visited the dancing school,
where old-fashioned dances are
taught, joined for a halfhour in the
dancing with the children, ordered
treats for all the young folks of the
village, and then departed on the
return trip to his summer home in
the Huron mountains.
Mr. Ford has a warm place in his
heart for Pequaming, a picturesque
little place where is located one of his
busiest saw mills. It was his second
visit to the village this summer. He
arrived unannounced on the tug Bar-
low and went immediately to the
dancing school, where four classes
were in progress. The dance being
taught was the minuet.
Mr. Ford joined one of the groups
and paired with a little girl, with
whom he went gracefully through the
measured rhythmic steps. Then he
suggested the Virginia Reel, in which,
with another little girl partner, he
led one of the groups. Before leav-
ing he left orders that all the chil-
dren{of the village be treated to ice
cream and cake.
Confess Plot
To Kill Stalin
Reign Of Terror Was
Planned In Attempt To
Seize Government
MOSCOW, Aug. 19.--(/P)-Calmly
aware executioners' rifles answer
confessions such as theirs, 16 con-
spirators--including two who once
helped rule Soviet Russia-admitted
today plotting a reign of terror to
seize power in the U.S.S.R.
Gregory Zinvoieff and Leon Kame-
neff, two who confessed to the con-
spiracy which aimed first at the a-
sassination of dictator Josef Stalin,
governed in a triumvirate with him
13 years ago.
fTheir confessions bared revelation
after revelation as the government
"herded the ring of terrorists into the
witness box to hear from their own
lips how they schemed to bring the
exiled Leon Trotzky back into power
In a flat, almost bored voice, G. Ev-
dokimoff, former chairman of the
Leningrad Soviet, told the court how
the sixteen view for the "honor" o
shooting Stalin.
"Zinovieff said the honor belonged
r to his group, not to the ones sen
f into Russia by Trotzky," Evdokimof
testified concerning a meeting a
Zinovieff's home, "and he won th
Hardly had the session opened in
a court-martial asmosphere with
bayonet armed guards mounted ove
the prisoners' boxes, than Zinovief
rose and declared:
"I am fully guilty."
His colleagues followed suit, al
though two, declaring they had no
r plotted directly to kill the Sovie
leaders, entered reservations to thei
n guilty pleas on three formal charges
y Zinovieff was asked by the prose
f, cutor if he organized the territors.
"Yes," he replied.
, "Did you plot the death of Serge
s M. Kiroff (Stalin's chief aide)?"
s "Yes."
y "Did you organize the plan t
o kill Stalin?"
"Yes. I am guilty of every charg
- in the indictment."
- Townsend Leader

d Will Start Revol
s BOSTON, Aug..19.-(1)-An oust
ed official of the Townsend plan or
ganization, Dr. Clinton Wunder, an
- nounced tonight he would initiate a

11 Duce Softens Hi*s Tone
After Franee s Warning;
Loyalists See Long War

Mussolini Says He Seeks
Only A United Policy Of
Keep Hands Off Spain
Statesmen Believe
Skies Are Brighter
Britain Slaps An Embargo
On Shipments Of Planes
And Guns To Strife Area
(By the Associated Press)
Rays of peace hopes from some of
the world's capitals last night pierced
the war clouds over troubled Europe.
In Fascist Italy, Premier Mus-
solini's powerful war machinery was
geared for any eventuality, but high
sources said he was not seeking to
cause a general European configra-
tion, wishing rather to force a united
policy of hands-off in the Spanish
The sympathies of his regime nec-
essarily aligned with those of the
Fascist rebels in Spain, Il Duce was
said by sources close to him to be
amenable to any neutrality pact
which would prevent France from
materially aiding the Loyalist Span-
ish government.
France's "popular front" govern-
ment, containing many Socialists, is
of much the same complexion as
the government art Madrid, and at
Rome it was believed that undis-
guised French aid to Madrid would
seriously hurt the cause of the rebel
Italy Accused
France, accused Italy of talking
' neutrality and acting the role of a
partisan in Spain, yesterday avowed
she would abandon her neutrality
pact efforts if Premier Mussolini were
found to be aiding the insurgents.
With both France and Italy agree-
ing to keep their arms and men at
home if the other country would
do the same, statesmen in the other
capitals saw the European scene
In London Great Britain stepped
forward with a strict embargo on
shipments of arms and planes to
either of the Spanish belligerents. In
some quarters it was suggested that
the United States act as mediator in
the civil war.
To this suggestion, Washington
gave small comfort in responsible
A rebel government in Spain could
be sure of German recognition and
support providing it were able to
protect foreign lives and property,
well-informed sources in Berlin said,
f adding to the European ramifications
of the Spanish strife.
Position Unchanged
t While the national-socialist regime
f of Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler is not
t strictly Fascist, its political beliefs
e are in most vital points analagous to
those of the insurgents in Spain.
Observers, however, were led to be-
h lieve that whichever side in. Spain
r best proves it can maintain law and
T order in that country would eventual-
ly receive the endorsement of Berlin.
On the French-proposed neutrality
t pact, the German government's po-
t sition remained unchanged, the for-
r eign office said.
. The expressed German view is that
- other arms-producing nations such
as Czechoslovakia, with its Skoda
munitions works, must be sounded
i out before a collective neutrality pact
can gain sufficient impetus to suc-
o "The next move is up to Paris," a
Berlin foreign office spokesman said.
e Russia Warns Of War
The admiralty meanwhile prepared
to have plenty of German naval ves-
sels in Spanish waters if, as is ex-

pected, the Spanish situation comes
t to a head within the week.
The vest pocket battleship
- Deutschland and other vessels which
- have been patrolling Spanish waters
- since July 26 are to be relieved by
n the cruisers Leipzig and Nuernberg,


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