THUPSPAY, AU4 6, 1939
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
~IIiURSPAY, AUG. 6, 1936 PAGE TURER
(From The Associated Press)
Brundage Arranges To
Change System Of Records
BERLIN, Aug. 5.-(/P')-Revers-
ing the customary procedure
whereby world records achieved
by Americans must await ap-
proval at the convention of the
Amateur Athletic Union, Avery
Brundage, president of the A. A.
U., today cut the red tape and
arranged approval of this year's
outstanding marks by the Inter-
national Amateur Athletic Fed-.
eration forthwith. These included
Forrest Towns' 14.1 mark in the
high hurdles, George Varoff's
pole vault of 14 feet 6% inches,
Cornelius Johnson's and Dave
Albritton's high jumps of 6 feet
9/ inches, and Glenn Morris
decathlon mark of 7,800 points.
Jesse Owens' mark of 10.2 for
the 100 meters, made in Chicago
at the N.C.A.A. meet, June 20,
was rejected by the I.A.A.F.
records committee, because, said
Brundage, "The track was found
to be a few inches short." Thus,
Owens, who won his third
Olympic .title today, lost his sec-
ond 'attempt to gain undisputed
possession of this mark. In the
Olympic trials Sunday it was
thrown out because of a slight
Owens' record in the 220 yards
dash of 20.3, made in the 1935
Big Ten championships, was also
offered, as the new 200-meter
mark was given committee ap-
The 220 yards low hurdles and
the 100 yards marks set by Ow-
ens were not submitted, accord-
ing to Brundage.
The entire batch of records in-
cluding the 10 the committee
found in order last week are due
for final consideration at the
I.A.A.F. congress, Oct. 8.
WPA Road Surfacing
Bids Are Authorized
LANSING, Aug. 5.-)-The
Works Progress Administration
announced successful bidders to-
day on 14 oil aggregate highway
surfacing projects to cost nearly
The projects are part of a pro-
gram being supervised by the
State Highway Department and
carried out with WPA labor. The
highway department furnishes
15 to 20 per cent of the cost as
Contracts let today cover 102.4
miles of gravel surfacing. To-
day's awards raise the mileage
under contract in the co-oper-
ative program to 184.6 miles.
Seven of the projects, costing
more than $225,000, are located
in the upper peninsula. On M-28,
more than 22 miles will be sur-
faced and 11.7 miles on M-45.
Coughlin Anticipates No
Change In Political Plans
DETROIT, Aug. 5.-A)--The
Rev. Charles E. Coughlin said to-
day he had not communicated
with Bishop Michael J. Gallagher,
his church superior now in Vata-
can City, but anticipated no
changes in his plans for the na-
tional political campaign.
Father Coughlin said he would
address two eastern meetings of
his national union for social jus-
tice Sunday, one at Syracuse, N.
Y. and the other at Scranton, Pa.
In a letter to Frederick L.
Jenckes of Providence, R. L to-
day, the priest confirmed a bet
that Rep. William Lemke, Union
party presidential candidate,
would pole more Rhode Island
votes than would Alf M. Landon,
Father Coughlin pointed out
that his original proposition was
to bet $25,000 at odds of 3 to 2
on the result of the Rhode Island
vote, and not on the national out-
come. He said attendants at a
mass meeting last Sunday agreed
to subscribe the $25,000, and add-
ed that he accepted the wager
with the understanding the sum
would go to orphans of the state
if he won.
In a statement to newsmen,
Father Coughlin said his na-
tional union would give its full
support to the Union party ticket
of Lemke and Thomas C. O'Brien,
but declared if ;its objective
should fail "it is our opinion that
the ountry nuld he hetter off,
Spanish Rebel Chief Grants Interview
-Associated Press Photo.
Gen. Miguel Cabanellas, chief (f the provisional rebel government
of Spain, is shown in this new picture as he grantedf an interview to
newspapermen at his headquarters at Burgos in northern Spain.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Summer Session, Room 121.
Angell Hall until 3:30; 11:00 a.m. on Saturday.
By ROBERT L. GACH
Now let us continue our discussion
of developing and printing your own
films. I have tried to convince you
that you should do your own work,.
unless of course your interest in pho-
tography is very slight. And I have
discussed the equipment necessary.
So that you will understand what
you are about to do when you try to
develop your first film, or make your
first print, I will attempt to explain
the theory of modern photography.
Film is coated with an emulsion of
gelatin in which are suspended finely
divided particles of a light sensitive+
silver salt. When the film is exposed
in the camera an invisible change
takes place wherever light reaches it.
To make this change visible the film
is placed in a developer which turns
the salts to metallic silver in the por-
tions that have been affected by the
light, but it produces no change in
the parts that have received no light.
Then the film is placed in a fixing
bath which eats out all unchanged
silver salts but has no effect on the
metallic silver formed by the develop-
er. The film is now insensitive to
light and completed with the excep-I
tion that the hypo used for fixingI
must be washed out and then it has
to be dried.
In view of the fact that the film is
black where the light hits it and white
where it received no light, the picture
will be reversed and is known as a
negative. In photography any paper
print or transparency that is the op-
posite of the subject in regard to
light values is called a negative, and
anything that is the same as the sub-
ject is a positive.
Prints are made on a paper coated
with an emulsion similar to film, but
much slower. The "film and paper
are placed together and light passed
through the film to expose the paper.
Then the paper is the same as the ex-
posed but undeveloped film and it is
developed, fixed, washed and dried in
almost the same manner as the film.
Owens Grand Slams
As Two Others Win
(Continued from Page 1)
1900 and 1904, and Archie Hahn,
triple sprint winner in 1904.
The day's only reversals for the
Americans, not unexpected, came in
the women's 110-meter hurdles and
the marathon walk in which new
Olympic marks were set in both
The trio of American girls reached
the semi-finals in the timber-topping
feature but Anne Vrana O'Brien, of
Huntington Beach, Calif., was shut
out in the first heat won by Italy's
Trebisonda Valla in 11.6 seconds,
equallingdthe world mark as well as
clipping one-tenth of a second from
the Olympic standard.
John E. Tracy
hIn Re Tichborne Is Case.
Which Aroused English
!Continued from Page1 )
support. He addressed huge crowds
and started a newspaper telling his
side of the story. Bonds were sold
which would be refunded upon his
claim being upheld. They sold more
than half a million dollars' worth."
Eventually, the speaker continued,
his perjury trial began, and after
days of cross-questioning and re-
search, the identity of the ship which
saved him after his ocean wreck
could not be ascertained.
Roger's testimony revealed that he
was not astlearned as he had been in
his youth,and finally the jury re-
turned a verdict of guilty. He was
sentenced to 14 years imprisonment.
England become again aroused at
what was popularly thought misjus-
tice, but no more legal action was
undertaken. Roger was released from
prison after ten years.
After his death in 1889, a volume
by him was published persisting that
he was actually Roger Charles Tich-
borne, the name which was carved on
Instruments accurate enough to
show the bending of a solid steel bar
from the pressure of one finger, or
the lengthening of the bar from the
heat of a human body, will be in-
cluded in the "gaging andsprecision
measuring laboratory" just estab-
lished by the War Department at the
University of Michigan.
First use of the laboratory is now
being made in the instruction of
Army ordnance reserve officers here
for a review course in the manufac-
ture of artillery munitions. During
the regular University year it will be
used to instruct engineering students
in precision methods, but at all times
it will be held ready for immediate
service to the army in the event of
war. When details have been com-
pletely worked out, the laboratory will
probably render service to peace-time
industry in calibrating and checking
gages and instruments, according to
Prof. O. W. Boston, custodian.
All types of devices needed to check
the accurate processes used in modern
industry are provided in the labora-
tory. Included are an eight-inch su-
per micrometer, set to one-ten-thous-
andth of an inch, calipers, depth.
gages, master cylinder for checking
squares, and many precision plates
and angle irons. Master gage blocks
will make 125,000 measurements from
a ten-thousandth of an inch to 12
inches, with an accuracy of two-
millionths of an inch per inch.
Among the advanced type of meas-
uring devices installed are those
which make use of light wave inter-
ference, making simple measurements
to one-millionth of an inch. For de-
termination of gear teeth and screw
threads, a projection device shows
these materials at any desired mag-
nification on a screen. A universal
measuring machine permits direct or
comparative measurements up to a
millionth of an inch on any piece of
to 48 inches in length, while another
device makes visible a slit one ten-
thousandth of an inch wide, which is
about equal to one-twentieth the di-
ameter of a hair.
One other university, Stanford, has
a war department laboratory .of this
type, the other six being located at
GUNMEN GET LOOT
DETROIT, Aug. 5.-(/P)-Two gun-
men held up the office force of the
City Finance Company today and
escaped with $1,060 in cash. It was
the third robbery at the company of-
fice in three years.
Charles Sernka, manager of the of-
fice, said the well dressed holdup men
compelled him, two clerks and two
customers to lie on the floor of a
back room while they looted the cash
No Recession Is Apparent
After Unusual June-July
Pace Of Industry
NEW YORK, Aug. 5.-(P)-The
country's industrial machine, on the
face of business news today, appears
to have rolled into August with little
change in the brisk recovery pace
set in July.
Some observers have been looking
for signs of a recession after the un-
usual mid-summer stamina business
displayed through June and July and
reasoned that drought damage and
curtailment in automotive production
in preparation for new models might
slow the pace.
But weekly business barometers in-
dicated generally sustained activity.
Moreover, additional statistical data
for July confirmed earlier evidence
of substantial gains in trade and pro-
duction over figures for the compar-
able month last year.
The full force of the summer out-
pouring of federal money, mainly for
the soldiers' bonus, was seen by some
in initial chain store sales reports
for July, recording gains of 12 to 17
per cent in dollar volume of trade
over the same month last year.
Whether distribution would con-
tinue -to do as well was a question
trade circles pondered in relation to
the drought and government spend-
ing. Forecast of more rains in the
Middle West brightened the drought
Steel Remains High
Steel remained the pace-setter for
the heavy industries, leaders of the
advance of business in recent months.
Large backlogs of orders built up
recently. partly attributed to expecta-
tions of rising costs and prices, gave
operations solid support.
"Iron age" estimated current pro-
duction of steel ingots at 72 per cent
of capacity, a new peak for the re-
covery. It said wage increases later
in the year likely would be followed
by advances in prices of steel prod-
Weekly electric power figures re-
corded a small drop but output held
close to the peak, and well above 2,-
000,000,000 kilowatt hours.
Power men attributed the high
level of electric output in large mea-
sure to the sustained activity of steel,
motor, textile and other industries
through the mid-summer weeks.
REDUCE COAL CONSUMPTION
Power plant improvements in the
University of Michigan heating plant
have reduced coal consumption from
45,000 tons in 1929-30 to 37,000 tons
in 1934-35, despite large increases in
building cubage to be heated.
U. S. Recovery
Is Still Brisk,
VOL. XLV No. 32
THURSDAY, AUG. 6, 1936
Lecture, Monday, Aug. 17, 4:05 p.m.
"Trends in Nursery and Early Ele-
mentary Education," Willard C. Ol-
son, Professor of Education. (Uni-
versity High School Auditoium). Il-
lustrations will be made with moving
Stalker Hall: Swimming party and
picnic group will leave at 5 p.m. Fori
reservation, call 6881. Cost for sup-
per and transportation, about 35
cents per person. Summer Session
students and their friends cordially
Summer Session Men's Glee Club:
Important rehearsal Thursday from
7 to 8 p.m. in preparation for Sunday
evening Vesper Concert.
David Mattern, Director.
Summer Session French Club. The
next meeting of the club will take
place today at 8:15 p.m. at "Le
Foyer Francais," 1414 Washtenaw.
Prof. Anthony J. Jobin of the French
Department will talk on "Les Fran-
cais dans le Michigan." Songs, games
A special public lecture on "Dante
and the Modern World" will be given
by Prof. C. P. Merlino, of the Depart-
ment of Romance Languages, Thurs-
day evening, Aug. 6, at 7:15 p.m. in
Room 103 of the R. L. Building. The
lecture will be over by 8 p.m.
Summer Session Students: Re-
quests for transcripts of the work of
this Summer Session in the College
of L. S. & A., and Schools of Arch.,S
Educ., and Music should be filed in
Room 4, U. H. on or before Aug. 10.
Requests received qfter that, date
will of necessity be delayed.
Seniors: College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: College of Archi-
tecture; School of Education; School
of Forestry and Conservationi; School
of Music, who expect to receive de-
grees at the close of the Summer
Session should pay the diploma fee
not later than Aug. 21. Blanks for
payment of the fee may be secured in
Room 4, University Hall.
Reading Examination in German:
The reading examination in German
for candidates for the Ph.D. degree in
all fields except those of the natural
sciences and mathematics will be
held on Friday, Aug. 7, at 2 p.m. in
Room 204 U. H.
Comprehensive Examination in
Education: The Comprehensive Pro-
fessional Examination covering the
courses prescribed for the teacher's
certificate will be given Saturday,
Aug. 8, at 9 a.m.'
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate: Students who expect to re-
ceive a teacher's certificate at the
close of the Summer Session must
pay the fee by Aug. 21. Blanks for
this purpose may be secured in the
office of the Recorder of the School
of Education, 1437 U.E.S.
A list of those students in the
School of Education, College of Lit-
erature, Science, and the Arts, and
Graduate School who have made ap-
plication for a teacher's certificate to
be granted at the close of the Sum-
mer Session has been posted on the
School of Education bulletin board in
Room 1431 U.E.S. Any student whose
name does not appear on this list
and who wishes to be so listed should
report this fact at once to the Re-
corder of the School of Education,
Miss Clare Coci, student of Palmer
Christian, University organist, will
give a recital in Hill Auditorium,
Thursday evening, Aug. 6, 8:30 p.m.
Miss Coci is organist at the Jesuit
Church of the Immaculate Concep-
tion in New Orleans, La. Last year
while on a tour of the United States,
Sir Granville Bantock, examiner of
the Trinity College of Music in Lon-
don, heard five hundred musicians in
this country. He conferred upon
Miss Coci the distinction of being the
finest organist with the most out-
standing ability and talent.
The public, with the exception of
small children, is cordially invited
to attend, without admission charge.
The program is as follows:
Prelude and Fugue in D major . . Bach
Largo (Concerto in D)
Fantaisie in A ...............Franck
Concert Variations .........Bonnet
Soul of the Lake (From "Seven Pas-
tels" from the Lake of Constance)
Public Health Nusring Cetificate:
Students expecting to receive the
Certificate in Public Health Nursing
at the close of the Summer Session
must pay the required fee by Aug. 15.
Blanks for this purpose are available
in the School of Education office,
University High School Demonstra-
tion Assembly: The fourth demon-
stration assembly of the University
High School Summer Session will be
presented Friday, Aug. 7, in the high
school auditorium at 11 a.m. Pupils
in the Latin classes will participate
in the program. "The Golden
Touch," a play in English, will be
dramatized under the direction of
Miss Dorothy Roby. All Summer Ses-
sion students who are interested are
welcome to attend the assembly.
University Lectures: The last of the
New York ........
St. Louis .........
Philadelphia .... .
.. .58 46
... 55 48
... 36 66
.. .36 67
New York 7, Boston 2.
Philadelphia 9, Washington
Cleveland 6, Detroit 4 (10 innings)
St. Louis 16-9, Chicago 4-9 (sec-
ond game called end seventh, rain).,
Chicago at St. Louis.
Cleveland at Detroit.
New York at Boston.
Philadelphia at Washington.
St. Louis..... ..62
New York ...........57
series of lectures on mathematical
statistics and its applications by Prof.
R. A. Fisher of the University of Lon-
don will be given on Friday, Aug. 7,
at 4:10 p.m. in Room 1025 Angell
Hall. The subject will be "The Study
of Inheritance in Man."
St. Louis 4, Chicago 1.
New York 8, Boston 4.
Brooklyn 7, Philadelphia 3.
Pittsburgh - Cincinnati - (Night
St. Louis at Chicago.
Boston at New York.
Brooklyn at PhilaVelphia.
Only games scheduled.
tilliAM P RLSSI~4tieAGE~
DESI DERI U
JS s-I _
WHITE and PASTEL CREPES
CHIFFONS - SHEERS
LINENS --COTTONS - PIQUES
DOTTED SWISS - COATS
Including DAYTIME and FORMAL DRESSES
WHITE and PASTEL FELT HATS
1 Washable Bundura 10 Carrones and
2 String Dresses Chenilles
1 String Coat 2 Coats
DESIDERIUS ERASMUS, whose nine
is immortal, encouraged in the
people t>f his generation--the late
fifteenth and the early sixteenth
centuries-a keen appreciation of
education through his uncovering of
buried classics and his publicatios
in Greek and Latin of the New
The Associated Press holds a par-
allel position in world history, for
through its dissemination of accu-
rate and unbiased news of world
events it is a powerful educational
One Group of SILK DRESSES
Plain and Printed Crepes.. .
Straw Hats. ..
. * 50c
. . _ i . I .e 4