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July 26, 1933 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1933-07-26

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__ _ THE MICHIGAN DAILY

MICHIGAN DAILY
1 Publication of the Summer Session

betterment of conditions as a whole, will have
be adopted if the nation wishes to come out{
its present chaos and disorder.

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Published every morning except Monday during the
Uiflversity year and Summer Session by the Board in
Lotr'o1 ocf Student Publications
"1ienlber of the Western Conference Editorial Associa-
tion and the Big Ten News Service.
MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled' to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
utV etherwise credited in this paper and the local news
liublshed herein. All rights of republication of special
dispatches are reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan as
second class mattr. Special rate of postage granted by
Thtrd- Assstant Postmaster-General.
Su""bscription during summer by carrier, $1.00; by mail,
$50. During regular school year by carrier, $4.00; by
mail, $4.50.
AOffices:Student Publications Building, Maynard Street'
AnArbor, Michigan. Phone 2214.
Pepresentatives: College Publications Representatves,
Ikc., 40 Bat Thirty-Fourth treet, New York City; S,8
Boylston Street, Boston; 612 North Michigan Avenue,
Chicago. National Advertising Service, Inc., 11 West 42nd
St., New York, N. Y.
EDITORIAL STAFF
Phone: 4925
O$AING EDITO........FRANK B. GLBETH
AI NT MANAGING EDITOR..KARL- SEIFFRT
.AMOCIATE -EDITORS: John C. Healey, Powers Moulton
s ed . Jerome Pettit.
REPORTERS: Edgar H. Eckert, Thomas H. Kleene, Bruce
Manley, Diana Powers Moulton, Sally Place.
BUSINESS STAFF
Ofce Hours; 9-12, 1-5
Phone: 2-1214
1tUSTNESS MANAGER... . ..:..BYRON d. VDDER
ASSISTANT BUSINESS MANAGER...HARRY R. BEGLEY
CIRCULATION MANAGER........ROBERT L. PIERCE
WEDNESDAY, JULY 26, 1933
Society's Need
lFor Edcton...
A LONG - RECOGNIZED problem
about which lttle has been done
wak discussed Monday by State Superintendent of
;Public Instruction Paul Voelker, when he spoke
before the conference on readjustments in public
education.
Tile rapid increase in man's leisure time,
broughtraboutthrough the increasing efficiency
of machinery and the increasing span of human
life, is, according to this educator, one of the
greatest problems to be faced at this time.
As a result of this important trend education
Will be forced to adjust itself in providing avoca-
tional courses of study as well as vocational ones
aid the time is rapidly approaching when definite
steps must be taken to fill this need.
This is fast becoming evident through the re-
cent steps taken by Federal authorities .and others
to limit the length of time when persons can be
employed in the field of labor. It is reasonably
certain, from the legislation in that direction,
that before long persons under 20 years of age
And over 50 will have to be provided with means
for -utilizing leisure time, since these groups will
be prohibited from working.
It is to the field of education that society
will look for a solution of this and other prob-
lens arising from the civilization and advance-
nient of man. With an increase in population to
eenlarge the size of this group, society will have
to protect itself by teaching large numbers how
t live together properly, how to enjoy the finer
things of life and how to employ the leisure time
at Ii and.
.Since these problems are already at. hand and
not .strictly a matter for future solution, it is
evident that all possible aid must be accorded edu-
cational institutions in attempts to cope with these
difficulties. And certainly the recent withdrawal
of financial support from -the educational field
will not help any. The time has arrived for society
in .recognize one of its most important adjuncts
End lend its full support, rather than withdrawing
ii .at a time when education can best serve the
largest numbers.
A Proposal To
Stop Speculating..
PECULATING in the grain market,
both by amateur and professional
traders, may be stopped as a result of the recom-
mendations of Secretary of Agriculture Wallace to
the grain industry representatives whQ have gath-
Ired in Washington for a conference to consider
the possibilities of stabilizing prices for the
farmer.

Collegiate
'Rickshaw' Toters..
T HE RECENT news dispatch telling
of the newest "stunt" for the col-
lege track stars who are toting jinrikshas at the
World's Fair serves as a reminder of the success
of that novel venture.
Officials of the Century of Progress Exposition
decided that visitors at the Fair would experience
great delight at the opportunity of being hauled
about the grounds by athletic young men of na-
tional prominence. So they selected college track
stars from schools a_ over the country and hired
them to pull jinrikshas about the grounds. The
vehicles were imported from Paris where they
had been constructed for the Exposition there.
Parisiennes apparently didn't take to the Oriental
method of travel, as the carts were purchased
at a nominal price.
So, hitched between the staves as beasts of bur-
den, the stalwart young men of track fame started
pulling visitors about the Fair Grounds.
But, instead of being regarded in the light of
laboring coolies, the cart-pullers were instead
treated as equals by those who paid them for
their efforts. There was no social distinction be-
tween the financial magnate and the young
man who temporarily served as his slave. Mer-
chant princes were regarded no more highly than
the tracksters, clad in crude shorts, who pulled
them from place to place.
And, the answer to an age-old question was
evident in this attitude. Why are some forms of
employment considered menial jobs while others
are regarded as "genteel positions?" The story of
the college jinriksha men demonstrates the truth
of the statement, "There is no such thing as
menial labor; there is only the spirit of menial
labor."
The Theeatre
W. SOMERSET MAUGHAM
Information on the author of "The
Circle," which opens tonight as the sixth
play of the Michigan Repertory Players
season.
By DAVID MOTT
Educated to;be a doctor, turned down as a news-
paper man, W. Somerset Maugham made his for-
tune as a dramatist, but will probably be remem-
bered by posterity as a novelist.
Born in 1873 in Paris, the son of a member of
the English Embassy there, he has always taken
a particular liking to French soil. At present he
lives "very reticently" in one of the most pala-
tial show-places of the French Rivera at Cap
Ferrat. As a young man he studied painting in
Paris.
He began writing novels about .1897, and pub-
lished his magnum opus, "Of Human Bondage,"
in 1915. This book is a rival both of "The Old
Wives' Tale" of Bennett and "The Forsyte Saga"
of Galsworthy for the position of first place
among twetltieth century British novels. It is
written in a naturalistic ven, cyncally concluded,
and is said to be biographical of the first thirty
years of the author's life. The chief character
in "Of Human Bondage," Philip Carey, presents
a timid, inward man who solves the problem of
existence by resorting to a kind of frank cynicism
and a craftsmanlike interest in his work. All of
Maugham's writings reflect these two characteris-
tics predominantly.
One of his most recent novels, "Cakes and Ale"
(1930),, became the subject of public controversy
on publication when critics accused Maugham of
having maliciously portrayed therein two famous
English authors, one recently dead and the other
still living-Thomas Hardy and Hugh Walpole.
Though his list of plays is almost as long as
that of his novels, the plays never reach the
novels for quality of literary merit. But no dra-
matist since Oscar Wilde has had such successes
in the London theatres as Maugham. "The Circle,"
which the Players' are producing here this week,
is credited as his best play. It is written in the
line of Arthur Wing Pinero and Oscar Wilde, but
more cynical than either. A masterly craftsman-
ship characterizes his plays, and so particularly
in "The Circle" that that play has been in-
cluded in all modern play anthologies. Next to
"The Circle," "Our Betters" and "The Constant

Wife" are perhaps the best liked of his plays. He
has been lucky in having some of the best English
and Americans actors choose his plays for ve-
hicles-John Drew, Mrs. Leslie Carter, Ethel Bar-
rymore, Katherine Cornell, to name a few of the
greatest, have appeared in productions of his
plays..
Interesting is the fact that this writer of pop-
ular drawing room shows is rather shy of the the-
atre. His friends attribute it to his quiet nature..
He likes to be alone, to travel alone, to live alone,
with the exception of being with his wife a Ad only,
daughter. He has been an incessant wanderer
since youth, his journeyings through the East
have provided material for some of his most suc-
cessful novels. The widely known play "Sadie
Thompson" or "Rain" is from one of Maugham's
stories. His reticent nature is apparent in the
fact that he has never seen a performance of his.
most popular play, ''The Circle."

tine Sagan, European megaphone-wielder who also
went to London to stage the play, "Children in
Uniform," from which the picture was adapted. !
Miss Christa Winsloe, who is the author of bothI
the play, "Children in Uniform," and the working
scenario of "Maedchen in Uniform," has long been
conceded to be one of Germany's foremost poets,
and is now seconding Vicki Baum as the conti-
nent's important feminine dramatist,
The women who play the leading roles in the
play are outstanding actresses from the Berlin
stage, and had little or no picture experience be-
fore their work in "Maedchen." The reputed ex-
cellence of that work, however, has put some of
them in the front ranks of picture stars through-
out the world, and two of them, Hertha Thiele,
who plays the sensitive pupil and Dorothea
Wieck, who plays her instructress, are now on
their way to this country with Hollywood con-
tracts.
It might be added, too, that the making of
"Maedchen in Uniform" by these women was a
cooperative venture, which, although they received
no salaries during the filming and had only the
prospect of sharing in vague future returns, has
made each and every worker, even to the extras,
independent financially.
The story of "Maedchen in Uniform" is a dem-
onstration of the axiom that a direct relation-
ship exists between the national character of a
people and their educational system. Here is a
picture which might go far to explain the charac-
ter of the German "Hausfrau" and, also, paradox-
ically of the German military spirit.
All the girls within the cloistered walls of the
finishing school are of the same social strata,
daughters of Prussian army officers. The Prin-
cipal of the institution believes it to be her high-
est pedagogic duty to permeate the, "goose step
spirit" of the fathers into their 'daughters. Re-
gardless of any emotional conflicts within the
girls, she pursues a strict and pitiless discipline
leading to an unavoilable catastrophe. She is com-
pletely unable to understand the motives which
force a particularly sensitive pupil to seek from
one of the teacher's the mother-love substitute
which she herself is unable or unwiling to give.
The story concerns itself with the unequal
struggle between the child who wants to love and
be loved, and the principal who does not under-
stand emotions and worries only about strict dis-
cipline. It is significant of the emancipation of
the female that this film was produced in its en-
trety by women, from the director downwards to
the lowliest "extra."
wm

Excursion No. 9: Greenfield Village
(Second T r i p) - this afternoon,
scheduled fpr students and citizens
who were unable to go on the tour,
July 19. Buses leave from in front
of Angell Hall at 1 p. m. Party re-
turns to Ann Arbor by 5:45 p. m.
Nominal entrance fee of 25 cents will
be charged at the village. Round
trip bus fare $1.
Excursion No . 10: Put-in,Bay,
Lake Erie-Thursday, July 27. Under
direction of Laurence Gould, profes-
sor of geology and renowned antarc-
tic explorer. Chartered buses leave
from in front of Natural Science
Building at 7 a. m. Steamer leaves
Detroit dock at 9 o'clock, arrives at
Island at 12:30 p. m. Tours under
guidance of Professor Gould. Steamer
leaves Island at 4:15 p. m. and ar-
rives in Detroit at 8:15 p. m. Await-
ing buses will return party to Ann
Arbor by 10:30 o'clock. Bus fare,
round trip, $1.50. Steamer fare, 75,
cents. If party consists of more than
100, a rebate of 20 cents will be
made, thus bringing the net fare to
55 cents. Total expenses under $5.'
Make reservations by purchasing bus
and steamer tickets before 5 p. m.
Wednesday, July 26, in Room No. 9,
University Hall.
Observatory Nights: The Univer-
sity Observatory will be open to stu-
dents of the Summer Session Mon-
day, Tuesday, and Wednesday, July
31, August 1, and 2, at 8:15 p. m.
Admission will be by ticket. Tickets
may be obtained in the office of the
Summer Session upon the presenta-
tion of the treasurer's receipt.
M. A. Degree Candidates in His-.
tory: The reading examination in
French, German, and Spanish will
be given Friday p. m., at 3 o'clock,
in Room 1009 A.H. A. S. Aiton
Latin 215, 216: The schedule for
the reports is now being prepared.
Please sign the paper on the Bulle-
tin Board in Graduate Reading
Room 1 opposite the date you prefer.
This should be done as soon as pos-
sible in order that a final program
may be prepared for distribution.
The first meeting will be on Friday,
August 4, place to be announced by
'the Bulletin Board mentioned above.
It is important that members of
the class keep in touch with the an-
nouncements posted there.
O. F. Butler
United States Civil Service Exam-
ination: Statistician (Medical So-
cial Service), $2,600 a Year. General
Field Service, Veterans Administra-
tion. Applications must be on file
with the United States Civil Service

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Summer Session until 3:30;
11:30 a. m. Saturday.

Commission at Washington, D. C.,
not later than July 27, 1933.
Debate Conference: Professor J. H.
McBurney, Manager, Michigan High
School Debating League, will con-
duct an informal conference on
"Goverment Ownership of The Ra-
dio," on Thursday afternoon, July
27th at 3:15, in Room 4203 Angell
Hall. The purpose of this conference
is to secure suggestions for wording
the proposition for debate in the
State League for the ensuing year.
G. E. Densmore
The Conference on Readjustments
in Public Education are concluded to-
day with a morning meeting at 9:30
and an afternoon meeting at 2:00
in the Michigan Union.
The Annual Education Banquet of
the Men's and Women's Education
Clubs will be held at 6:30 today in
t h e Michigan Union. Professor
James K. Pollock will be the main
speaker. His subject is "The Teach-
er and Governmental Reform."
Tickets, priced at 75 cents, may be
secured from members of the clubs
a'id at 4217 University High School.
Michigan Repertory Players: W.
Somerset Maugham's modern comedy
"The Circle" opens tonight at the
Lydia Mendelssohn theatre and will
continue through. Saturday night.
Seats are now on sale for all per-
formances. The box-office is open
from 9:30 a. m. to 12 and from 1:15
to 9 p. m. The telephone number is
6300.
} l
University Women: All signing out
slips must be turned in to the un-
dergraduate office by Friday noon.
University Men and Women: A
recreational club invites men and
women to swim in the Intramural
Pool from 6 to 7 tonight. The fee
is ten cents. All people interested
and who have npt seen Miss Mc-
Cormick see her before 3 p. m. to-
day. Hours 9-12 Barbour Gymnas-
ium; Office of the Dean of Women:
1:30 to 3, Michigan League.
Ethel McCormick
Students of the Literary College
and Law School are invited to at-
tend a lawn party at the Michigan
League on July 27 from 4 to 6 o'clock.
. Michigan Socialist Club: "Fascism"
will be the discussion topic at the
Michigan Union this evening at 7:30.
Charles Orr will give a sociological
analysis and report on his experi-
ences in Italy and Germany. Guy
M. Whipple, Jr., will trace the his-
tory of Italian Fascism and Jacques

Engerrand will do the same for Port-
uguial, Chili and minor countries. All
opinions are invited.
All Albion College alumni are in-
vited to attend a picnic to be held
on the evening of August 3. The
supper will be a potluck. A later
announcement will appear in regard
to the place. For further informa-
tion call 4010.
Southern Students Club: There
will be special called meeting of
the Club this evening at 7:00 at the
flagpole to make final arrangements
for the picnic nxet Monday, All
members are urged to be present.
ID. L. Smith, President
Public Health Nurses: There will
be a picnic supper at the Fireplace
Friday, July 28, from 5:00 to 7:00
p. in. A fee of 25 cents is being col-
lected. Meet at the north door of the
Michigan League, not later than 4:45
p. M.
Stock Market
Has A General
Rally Tuesday
NEW YORK, July 25.-c)-Profit-
taking today claimed part of the
stock market's recovory from last
week's losses, but not until the mar-
ket had had a general rally. By clos-
ing time early gains of 1 to 4 points
for many of the favorites had been
more than surrendered and there was
a liberal representation of 1 to 2-
point net losses, due to late realiz-
ing.
Wheat at Chicago and Winnipeg
was firmer than on Monday; but
stock traders seemed willing to move
cautiously. "Repeal" shares had a
good early boom and rails were anx-
ious to -et ahead for a time. Stand-
ard Industrials, however, tended to
lag, even while the rally was at its
best, and finally reaction became
fairly inclusive. Last pricesbwere
somewhat above the lows. Sales to-
taled 3,539,140 shares.
The market had finished its sec-
ond successive abbreviatedc session
before two striking testimonials, to
the businers recovery had been made
public. The first of these was Gen-
eral Motors' quarterly earnings state-
ment, showing 90 cents a common
share for the year's second three-
month period against 11 cents in the
first and seven cents a year ago. The
cash position was also strengthened.
Then came the figures for U. S.
Steel Corp., always a good yardstick
for measuring business trends. The
company's June quarter was the best
in a year and a half, for it had a net
operating profit before depreciation,
depletion and interest charges. Wall
Street had expected no change in the
50-cent dividend rate on the pre-
ferred stock, and there was none;

Musi cal Events

THE FOURTH
FACULTY CONCERT -
What do audiences expect from a concert-espe-s
cially from a concert that is free? Are they going
to quibble about notes, fret about lost chords, or a
twist of the wrist? Isn't it rather that they
expect good entertainment for nothing?
Surely, a fine performance is expected of the
artists who perform on the summer series of
Faculty Concerts and, surely, these expectations
are realized by most of the audience. Last night's
concert is an example of the point to be made.
The large audience must have felt the sincerity,
the artistry, the concentration that made the con-
cert successful.
For instance, Professor Christian,'s complete
attitude towards the Bach he played brought
out the infinite, variety that age cannot stale in
Bach's work. The Fantasie and Fugue in C minor
built up from a firm, yet subdued beginning to a
magnificent climax that stirred the emotions, but
never became automatic nor pedantic. The Air
in D moved in a lyric pensiveness, remaining calm
and smooth. In a less carefully thought out inter-
pretation it could have become hackneyed, could
nave voiced emotions that were never intended;
Professor Christian kept it even, dirigible. The
Trio from the Cantata, "Tis My Pleasure," con-
trasted with the two former pieces by its spright-
liness, its quick repartee between the three parts,
and its unexpected brevity. Bach in his lighter
mood was glimpsed for a poment. The Sonatine
from the Contata, "God's Time Is Best" (the
"Funeral Cantata"), displayed Bach's feeling for
tonal coloring. The flute quality, lucid and fluent,
rose above the accompanying reiterated figures,
throughout which the touch of sadness was not
lost.
If it is to be admitted reluctantly that the
performance of the Benedictus from the B minor
Mass of Bach seemed strained, is ,it not to be
immediately said that Professor Hackett's' vitality
and sincerity gave an impetus to the whole that
made it valuable and true? Certainly, the later
group of songs demonstrated indubitably his ap-
preciation of nuance, phrasing, these details that
constitute a total performance, aside from the
physical fact of a fine voice.
For example, the languid characteristics that
modern French songs contain were instantaneous-
ly apparent in La Fontaine de Carrouet, by Le-
torey. Les Trois Jours de Vendange offered Pro-
fessor Hackett opportunities to become a racon-
teur, and actor, as well as singer, and he did not
let this chance go by. Cesar Franck's two songs
Nocturne and La Procession displayed the ease,
the simplicity of his singing, making the most of
his voice. To cap the group, Le Ciel Est Gai by
Gaubert, showed theverve and enjoyment of his
performance. Blue Are Her Eyes by Watts proved
a successful encore. Professor Brinkman's accomp-
animent moved smoothly and surely.
The Brahms' Sonata for Violin was character-
ized by Professor Besekirsky's true tone and deli-
cacy of feeling. This Sonata is never virtuoso, but
rather singing, dulcet, melodic. Its purity was
never marred. Again Professor Brinkman sup-
ported the soloist in an adequate fashion, .the
tone always being clear and effective.
The Bach Passacaglia and Fugue concluded the
concert in a strong sweep. Professor Christian
controls the great proportions of this work and
ever keeps it moving to the final glorious state-
ment of the fugue theme. Order out of chaos'
arises under his competent hands.
And) what can the performers expect from
the audience? Nothing but disturbance and late

-

It has long ,been evdent that something must:be
done, not only in regard to the grain market but
also in other fields, if we are to expect legitimate
and conscientious trading on open stocks. Whether
or not this proposal is the best solution to the
problem certainly it is worth consideration..
The elimination of speculators from the 'mar-
ket, as well as "anyone who cannot show that he
has a legitimate interest in the stock or that he is
serving a useful social purpose" has often been
suggested as a remedy for the unwarranted pre-
cipitous drops and \ quick risings of the market.
Nothing has been done however that would tend
to legally prevent such operations.
Certainly the time is ripe for some .type of leg-
islation which would better market conditions and
the regulations under which stocks are bought
and sold. An artificial fixing -of prices, for eco-
nomic reasons, would be unsound. A -limitation on
the amount of rise or fall to take place during
a certain period however, seems to be quite a
sensible method of regulating trading. This is in-
cluded in Secretary Wallace's proposal to the rep-

screen Reflections
Four .stars means extraordinary; three stars very
good; 'two ┬░stars good; one' star dust another." picture;
no stars keep away from it.
AT THE MAJESTIC
"MAEDCHEN IN UNIFORM"
(Showing Wednesday through Friday)
"Maedchen in Uniform," conceded by critics
to be one of the outstanding screen offerings of
the entire year, will open today at the Majestic
-theatre for a three-day, reserved-seat run.
A cinematic event out of the ordinary, "Maed-

Keeping ahead,
of the second hand
To keep telephone service in step with the she understands by saying,
swift pace of American life, Bell System men To appreciate the impo
tackle many an absorbing problem, find many second thus saved, just mu
an ingenious solution. 40,000,000 conversations ha
For instance, they decided that pre- ators on the average day.
cious seconds could be saved by a change in In the telephone business,
long-established operating routine. The ments that save the subscr
operator used to repeat the number called give him better service often
by the subscriber - now she indicates that such apparently minor chane

"Thank you."
rtance of the
altiply it by the
ndled by oper -
major improve-
biber's time and
result from just
;es.

.LJ. .1 0

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