Fair Wednesday and
Thursday with moderate
Sit igu Iatj
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
Society's Need For Education;
Collegiate 'Rickshaw' Toters.
VOL. XIV No. 26 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 26, 1933
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Brubacher Talk On The
Chairmen Of Day
Carrothers, Smith, Price,
Schorling Are Speakers,
In Afternoon Session
By JOHN HEALEY
Two sessions of the special three-,
day conference being sponsored by
the School of Education were held-
yesterday, at 9:30 a.m. and 2 p.m.
Professors Howard Y. McClusky
and George E. Myers, both of the
education school, were chairmen of
the morning and afternoon sessions
respectively, and discussion was led
in the morning by Wray H.Congdon,
assistant director of the bureau of
co-operation with educational insti-
tutions, and in the afternoon by
K. G. Smith, State supervisor of in-
Included in the list of speakers
were: S. A. Courtis, professor of edu-
cation, Dr. John S. Brubacher, of Yale
University, Dr. Clarence S. Yoakum,
vice-president of the University, Prof.
George E. Carrothers, director of the
bureau of co-operation with educa-
tional institutions, Dr. Malcolm P.
Price, of the administrative staff of
the Detroit public schools, and Ral-
eigh Schorling, professor of educa-
Under the general topic of "Re-
adjusting Our School Problems to
Non-academic Groups," Professor
Carrothers opened his address on
"Problems Created by Postgraduates"
(Continued on Page 3) ,
To Hold Annual
The annual combined function of
the Men's and Womens Educational
Clubs, the' Education Banquet, will
be held at 6:30 p. m. today in the
Union, climaxing the social events
od' the Sumner Session for the
,"The Teacher and Governmental
Reform" will be the subject of the
principal address of the evening, to
be delivered by Prof. James K. Pol-
lock of the political science depart-
All faculty members and students
are invited to attend the banquet,
which has been planned this year
to come at the close of the three-day
educational conference now in prog-
ress in order that those attending the
conference may come to the banquet,
By the Associated Press
W L Pet.
Washington..............59 33 .641
New York ................. 57 33 .633
Philadelphia.............47 46 .505
Detroit ............45 48. .484
Cleveland ... ... 45 50 .474
Cicago ....... .... 43 49 .467
Bostonu................40 50 .444
St. Louis .... .......35 62 .361
Detroit 9, St. Louis 3. -
Washington 5, Philadelphia 1. (called ond
Cleveland 2, Chicago 1 (10 innings).
New York-Boston, rain.
New York at Boston.
Washington at Philadelphia.
St. Louis at Detroit.
CVleveland at Chicago.
W L Pct.
New York ............... ,53 36 .596
Chicagor. ..........53 42 .558
Pittsburgh.............51 43 .543
Boston..........47 45 .511
St. Louis........ ...47 45 ~ .511
Cincinnati...... . 41 53 .436
Brooklyn .. .. ........37 50 .425
Philadelphia...........37 52 .416
Pittsburgh 4-4, Chicago 3-1.
St. Louis 3, Cincinnati 1.
Only games scheduled.
Chicago at Pittsburgh.
Brooklyn at New York (2).
Only games scheduled.
Tapping Will Go North
'V n-T cA lvi""
Kraus First Explained Geology,
Of Put-In-Bay Island--Gould
By KARL SEIFFERT
The geology of Put-In-Bay Island
in Lake Erie, strikingly unusual in
the manner of its cave formation,
was first correctly explained by Sum-
mer Session Dean Edward H. Kraus
in 1905, according to Prof. Laurence
M. (Larry) Gould, renowned polar
explorer and member of the Univer-
sity faculty this summer.
Professor Gould, in speaking of the
island to which he will take a Sum-
mer Session Excursion party tomor-
row. declared that Dean Kraus, who
is also head of the mineralogy de-
partment, was the first to discover
that the formation of the many caves
for which the spot is -famous were
not formed by simple erosion of the
limestone of which it is composed.
"Most unusually," said Professor
Gould in an interview yesterday, "the
caves were found by Dean Kraus to
have been formed when Lake Erie
water mixed with the original min-
eral foundation of the island some
25,000 or 30,000 years ago, forming
gypsum. The production of gypsum
caused the entire mass to expand
slowly but powerfully enough to raise
the entire upper crust of the earth
well above its original level. Later
the gypsum was dissolved in part by
the water, resulting in the formation
of the caves."~
Crystal Cave, oneof the tourist
spots of the island, Professor Gould
described as virtually unique in that
its walls are lined with a formation
known as celestite crystals.
"Most limestone caves," he said,
"are just holes in the rock caused by
erosion, and having the usual stalac-
tites and stalagmites as their only
noteworthy geological phenomena.
Crystal Cave is particularly interest-
(Continued on Page 4)
IS UnderW ay
Agreement Blanks Will Be
Given Out To Employers
WASHINGTON, July 25.-OP)-
Here's the program for the emer-
gency re-employment drive begun
last night by President Roosevelt's
call to the country for volunteer co-
July 27 to 29, mail *carriers will
distribute agreementblanks to all
employers with return envelopes and
a form certifying compliance with the
agreement terms. Simultaneousiy civ-
ic and patriotic organizations launch
campaign of ,explanation and public
August 1, employers who have
signed the agreement and put it into
effect may file the certificate of com-
pliance at the local post office, re-
ceiving exchange posters with the
blue eagle signifying membership in
the I. R. A. movement. After August
1, consumers will be given opportun-
ity to sign a pledge of co-operation.
Employers are given until August 31
to do away with the use ofchild
labor. The voluntary agreement with
the wage, hour and price terms, re-
mains in effect until December 31,
unless in the meantime supplanted
by a permanent code for the trade to
which the signers belong.
September 1, President Roosevelt
will begin to set hearing dates for
codes to cover all business lines
which have not already presented
agreements of their own, with the
aim of having all voluntary agree-
ments replaced by permanent bind-
ing ones before the end of the year.
Emil Schnapp Captures
Intramural Pool Event
Emil Schnapp captured first place
in the Intramural 50-yard breast
stroke event, it was announced yes-
terday, with C. Farrell coming in sec-
ond. The 50-yard back stroke com-
petition will be held at the Intramur-
al pool at 5:15 p. m.. today, and is
open to all men students
In the baseball league, Chemistry
beat Superintendents 7-1 and Teach-
ers swamped Educational Research
Dumond Will Speak On
"The Twelve Apostles of the
Anti-Slavery Movement" will be
the topic of Prof. Dwight L. Du-
mond's talk on the Summer Ses-
sion 'special lecture series at 5 p.
m. today in Natural Science Audi-
torium.. Professor Dumond is a
member of the University his-
tory department faculty.'
'Prof. Fred B. Wahr of the Ger-
man department will speak to-
morrow afternoon on "Gerhart
Hauptman." No other lectures
have been scheduled on the series
for this week.
LONDON, July 25-(P)-The Steer-
ing Committee of the World Eco-
nomic Conference today received
coldly the American proposal to as-
sure reassembling of the parley after
recess is taken Thursday. But it was
agreed that some activities should be
carried on during the holiday.
The proposal of Cordell Hull,
American Secretary of State, to limit
the recess period to a maximum of
three months fell upon deaf ears.
Even Prime Minister R. B. Bennett,
of Canada, who defended the Ameri-
can position in the fight to prevent
adjournment three weeks ago, failing
It was agreed that Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald should have au-
thority to summon the bureau at any
time to deal with the question of
In high American quarters, how-
ever, it was said that a spirit of
defeatism prevailed at today's meet-
ing, even the date for the next sitting
of the bureau not being fixed, al-
though Mr. Hull proposed that it
should meet not later than Nov. 1.
At Thursday's final plenary session
Secretary Hull is expected to make
an appeal for continuance of the
work in the direction of interna-
tional economic co-operation, and
James M. Cox, of Ohio, chairman of
the Monetary Commission, will urge
that studies be carried on in that
Mr. Hull's plan for a special com-
mittee to consider reduction of trade
barriers and continuation of the
tariff truce also went without action.
Seven Die As
At 1,000 Feet
Mid-Air Explosion Causes
Tragedy Near Oceanside
Army Ship Crash
Pilot Saves Wreck From
Burning By Throwing
OCEANSIDE, Calif., July 25-(W)-
Seven bodies were taken from the
wreckage of an Army bombing plane
which dropped a wing and crashed
at the southeastern city limits of
Oceanside today at noon from 1,000
feet in the air.
Army officers from March Field,
near Riverside, identified those killed
Second Lieutenant Carl A. Murray,
flier, of Idaho, attached to the 17th
group. March Field, who was at the
Segt. Snodgrass, 64th Squadron.
George Herrick, 95th Squadron.
Corp. Caylor, 95th Squadron.
Private Book, 95th Squadron..
Private Galdis, 95th Squadron.
Private Overend, 95th Squadron.
Bound For San Diego
The plane left March Field at 11:40
a. in., bound on a service mission
for Rockwell Field, San Diego.
The pilot had turned off the
switch, saving the plane from fire.
There was a dull booming noise
heard as the wing of the great plane
dropped away. The noise indicated
that a mid-air explosion had split
the plane asunder. Happening as it
did, at the noon hour, several hun-
dred persons witnessed the tragedy.
Maxwell attended high school at
Pacific Grove, Calif., and that was
believed his home. Murray was a
graduate of schools at Filer, Ia., and
had a degree from the University of
Idaho., " fr .
At League Willk
Ethel Hussey Room To Be
Reserved For Members
Of Physics Symposium
Friday night's dance at the League
this week will be featured by the
singing of Billie Griffiths, who was
one of the popular blues singers of
last year's Sophomore Cabaret, it
was announced yesterday by Miss
Ethel McCormick, social director of
Miss Griffiths will sing several
numbers during intermission, Miss
McCormick said, and this will be in
addition to the work of Charles
Ruegnitz, "soloist withi the Varsity
Glee Club during the last regular
University session, who appears regu-
larly with Al Cowan's band as soloist.
Miss McCormick explained that, al-
though the Ethel Fountain Hussey
Room has been set aside for the ex-
clusive use of members of the Phys-
ics Symposium who are to attend
the dance as a part of their weekly
activities, the party wll be open to
all students of the Summer Session
as usual and under the same ar-
There will be 30 hostesses at both
the Friday and Saturday night
dances, she said, to contribute their
efforts as before toward making the
party an informal 'get-together' for
men and women students.
Plans for the annual Summer Ses-
sion lawn party for faculty mem-
bers and students of the Law School
and literary college, to be held from
4 to 6 p. m. Thursday on the League
lawn, are also rapidly nearing com-
pletion, Miss McCormick said. It is
being held as a lawn party for the
first time this year, having always
been an indoor affair in the past.
Both men and women students o
these two schools were urged by Miss
McCormick to attend to party.
MINING SCHOOL SALARIES
LANSING, July 25 -(R)-Addi-
tional funds for salaries at the Mich-
igan College of Mining and Technol-
ogy probably will be provided, the fi-
nance committee of the administra-
New Russia Is
Declares That It Is The
Most Effective Govern-
ment Existing Today
'Business Type' Of
Government Set Up
School Children Trained
To Carry Out Russia's
Idea Of Progress
"The most effective government I
know of exists in Russia today," said
Dr. John Sundwall in his talk yester-
day afternoon on the special lecture
series. 'A few years ago we were all
clamoring for a 'business type' of
government in America, and I be-
lieve that Russia has come close to
"Few of us remember," he said,'
"that it is really one of the oldest
governments in Europe today in re-
spect to the men involved-most of
them were prominent in the 1917 rev-
olution." The Russian government
shows a more vital connection with
the interests of its people than any
other, he said, especially good work
having been done in the public
health and educational fields.
"In no other country are the social
sciences so well correlated," he added.
"A study of the Russian medical
system, such as I made, leads one di-
rectly into public health work, wel-
fare, education, government, the Five
Year Plan, communism, and cul-
Response Is Said To
Greatest In History
-Associated Press Photo
Harold L. Ickes, secretary of the
interior, is expected to make a full
report soon on the Michigan Mu-
nicipal League's proposals for high-
way and publie works expenditures.
High Comnedy With
A Pburpose=-That Is
Maugham 's "Motto
No Comparison FairC
Professor Sundwall emphasized the1
point that no comparison of its ma-i
terial results with American stand-
ards could give a fair estimate of
what the Five Year Plan had donel
for Russia; that the "intangible" re-
sults in the spiritual lives of its peo-t
ple were remarkable.c
Admitting the existence of strong
communistic and anti - American=
propaganda in Rusian schools, films,l
and newspapers, Professor Sundwall
explained it as "an effort to build up
nationalism which necessarily in-
volves the inculcation of emotion."
"The Russian school child reallyE
doesn't know when school stops andl
work begins," he stated. "He is train-;
ed for his part in carrying on the
Russian ideal of material progress.
Russia has showed a real talent for
dealing with realities."
Calls Plan Success
In discussing the material progress
achieved so far under the Five Year
Plan, he said that he had "never
struck such a contrast as that be-
tween the unemployment of Ger-
many and Austria and the beehive
activity of Russia." He found three
shifts of workmen running daily in
most places, on a 35 hour week. Rus-
sia is also the best-insured nation on
earth, he said. Maternity, sickness,
old age, unemployment and disable-
ment insurance are universal.
"The thing we hear oftenest on
returning from Russia is 'they
showed you what they wanted you to
see'-but.I don't believe that was true'
in my case," he said. "I always felt
free to go anywhere I pleased and in-
vestigate everything; I walked night
after night on the streets of Moscow
and often went to the workers' clubs
without any interference."
"Naturally, they are eager to show
the visitor the best they have," he
said. "Certainly if a group of Rus-
sians were to visit America we would
show them the Empire State build-
ing before we showed them the sweat
shops of New Yok, and Washington
before the southern coal fields."
Weighs Michigan Plans
Get New Jobs
Sees Definite New Deal
In Employment Before
Plea Of Roosevelt
For the women-philosophy
For the men-absurdity.
That, believe it or not, is what W.
Somerset Maugham's "The Circle,"
opening tonight in Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre as the fifth offering.
on the season's program of the Mich-
igan Repertory Players, has to offer,
according to Valentine B. Windt, di-
"'The Circle,'" Mr. Windt said
yesterday, is great comedy, but it is
comedy built on a firmer founda-
tion than that of Noel Cow~ard, for
instance. It involves the psychology
of a woman grown old; for that rea-
son its more serious aspects will ap-
peal to the women of the audience." f
On the other hand, he declared,
men find more interest in the humorI
of the thing. And why not, says Mr.
Windt, for when it comes to comedy,
Maugham steers clear of gags andt
lets the broader incongruities of hist
situations make his shows funny.
"Maugham has a genuine thesis in
this show, too," he said yesterday.
"It is based on the idea that suc-}
cessful disregard of conventions de--
pends not on what you do but what
you are. Maugham's humor is high
comedy with a purpose. He doesn't
inject gags and build up situations
for the sake of comedy alone."
Asked whether Maugham mightA
not be the sort of a humero-seriousA
combination of Noel Coward and Eu-
gene O'Neill, Mr. Windt said:
"Maugham's work is less intense
psychologically than O'Neill's. I
doubt that he could stand or fall by
his philosophies. And on the other
hand, his humor is less superficial
than Coward's. It is a more integral
part of his plays, less superimposed
upon their structure."
Two Of Balbo's Planes
Develop Engine Trouble
SHEDIAC, N. B., July 25-(P() -
Homeward bound after a spectacular
flight across the North Atlantic and
a visit to the Chicago Exposition, 23
planes of the Italian air armada
alighted on Shediac Bay late today.
One of the planes came down at
Rockland, Me., because of a broken
Another ship developed engine
trouble and turned back to land at
the Milledgeville (N. B.) air harbor,
but later joined the main body at
Air Minister Italo Balbo brought
his leading plane down to the water
here at 2:55 p. in., (E. S. T.)
WASHINGTON, J u ly 25.-
President Roosevelt, speaking by
radio from the White, House, to-
night appealed to the chief exe-
cutives of the 48 states, in session
at the Conference of the Gov-
ernors of the United States in
San Francisco, td co-operate with
the Federal government in its
economic recovery program.
Oil production and land utili-
zation were stressed by, Mr.
Roosevelt as fields in whch better
co-operation must be built up.
He indicated that the recovery
program will deal with the coun-
try's land in large units. divided
by natural boundaries rather
than by state lines, and asked
the concurrent effort of states
and regional groups to make this
President Roosevelt expressed
himself as "more than satisfied"
with the contacts he has made
with the governors, and said that
next winter he anticipates meet-
ings with as many of the state
executives as possible.
WASHINGTON, July 25-(P)-Em-
ployment of between 5,000,000 and
6,000,000 new workers before Labor
Day was predicted by Hugh S. John-
son, industrial administrator, on the
basis of responses received to Presi-
dent Roosevelt's appeal, for immedi-
ate adoption of the National Indus-
Johnson made this official esti-
mate of re-employment after survey-
ing a hugh pile of telegrams reply-
ing to the. presidential -request last
night for prompt enforcement of his
code for shortening working hours
and raising wages.
He read the names of a few of the
long list of employers who have re-
sponded, noting particularly the
smaller employers who, the President
believes, carry the chief responsibility
for success of the back-to-work
Marvin H. McIntyre, a secretary
to the President, in deliverng a late
bundle of messages to Johnson, said
the response to the address was the
greatest ever received by the White
He reported telegraph wires were
overtaxed by replies.
WASHINGTON, July 25.-()--
Thousands of employers informed
President Roosevelt today that they
were raising the pay and shortening
the hours of their workers.
From villages and crowded metro-
politan centers there came a steady
flow of telegrams pledging whole-
hearted co-operation to his appeal
last night to employers to voluntarily
maintain or increase present pay
levels and shorten working 'hours to'
put more persons to work.
Of Summer To
Biological Station Will Hold
25th Anniversary Of Fouiding
Elaborate- plans to combine the
Anntual Visitors' Day, of the Univer-
sity Biological Station at Douglas
Lake, Cheboygan County, with a re-
union of northern Michigan alumni
of the University were made public:
yesterday. The joint program, which
marks the twenty-fifth anniversary
of the station, is being worked out
under the direction of T. Hawley
Tapping, general secretary of the
Alumni Association, and Prof. George
R. La Rue, director of the Biological
Sunday, Aug. 6, the station, located
13 miles from Cheboygan, on the
southeast shore of Douglas Lake, will
be thrown open to visitors from 2 to
5 p.m. Educational exhibits of plants
and animals of the region, as well
as exhibits of classwork and investi-
gations in progress will be exhibited.
'04, Cyrus J. Goodrich, '14L, W. Webb
McCall, '13, and Benjamin H. Hal-
sted, '99L, all of whom are working
in conjunction with Mr. Tapping.
The Biological Station, established
in 1909, has held an eight-week ses-
sion every summer since its founda-
tion. The curriculum 'of the station,
students of which get full University
credit, includes a number of courses
not ordinarily taught in colleges and
This year 94 students, including 40
women and 54. men, are enrolled,
They come from 28 states, ranging
from New York to California and
Texas, and two come from China.
According to Professor La Rue, the
station 'offers peculiarly valuable op-
portunities for the investigation of
many problems relating to plants and
animals because of its location in an
area of many lakes hons swamns
Wild Paint Job On Police Cars
To Tame Detroit Speed Demons
DETROIT, July 26.-VP)-To ascer-
tain the "moral effect" of confront--
ing speedprone motorists with clear-
ly-identified police scout cars. Supt.
John P. Smith Tuesday announced
that two scout cars, painted in a bold
new design will be put into experi-
Supt. Smith also said that it is
hoped that the experiment will do
away with the practice of traffic
"cops" lurking on side streets and
disguised places, then wheeling out
after a speeding motorist who has not
The fourth concert of the seasor
by the University Summer Band will
be held at 7:15 p. m. today on the
steps of the General Library, it'was
announced yesterday by Prof. Nich-
olas D. Falcone, director.
Tonight's concert will again be
conducted by student directors who
have won distinction in their work
with high school bands and orches-
tras. The program follows:
March-Call of the Elk, Alford
and Barber of Seville, Rossini, con
ducted by Everett Kisinger, Muske
gon; Moonlight Sonata, Beethover
conducted by Russell Raney, River
side. Ill.: Procession of Sardas from
mental service Wednesday morning- seen them.
The cars are roadsters, identical He said that if the two experi-
with the types now in use, but paint-
ed with a foot-wide white band en- mental cars are efficacious in re-
circling the body of the car. The ducing speeding and accidents in the
letters "Detroit Police Dept." are next few days, every scout car in the
stenciled on either side of the car, department may be painted in the
also in white paint. The rest of the same manner. The two cars will be in
ar inminted a it hlac- k.u sall over the City during the ex-