N D A. I L Y
.r IC I N. fALY JJ
of the Summer S
By KIRKE SIMPSON
WASHINGTON-Whatever "little flower" the
parents of Fiorello LaGuardia of New York
had in mind when they attached to him that
floral first name, certainly it was not the shrink-
ing violet. n
"Little Dynamite" or its Italian equivalent
would far better describe Mr. LaGuardia's polit-
I , CN1G 1l.4}IM1N VOIW ibO.rMlPw wt7A!A RtM/V
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MANAGING EDITOR...........FANK B. GILBRET'
ISSISTANT MANAGING EDITOR......KARL SEIFFERT
ISSOCIATE EDITORS: John C. Healey, Powers Moulton
and E. Jerome Pettit.
RiEPORTERS: Edgar H. Eckert, Thomas H. Kleene, Bruce
Manley, Diana Powers Moulton, Sally Place.
Office Hours; 9-12, 1-5
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JIRCULATION MANAGER...........ROBERT L. PIERCE
THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 1933
And now that LaGuardia is to run as fusion
candidate for mayor against Tammany a lot of
political plans-Republican, Democratic and what-
have-you-may be subject to revision. The spark-
plug of a great deal of feverish political activity
is being wired again for service. Nobody knows
just how far or in what direction the arcs of its,
sparking may shoot.
AS AN in-and-outer in Republican ranks, the
former House member from New York and
victim of Jimmy Walker's one-time vast popu-
larity in his own home town will be quite at
home under a fusion party designation. He has
been a Republican, a progressive, a socialist and
a Republican again in his many and spectacular
previous campaigns, most of which were success-
Defeat has had very little effect on this par-
ticular little flower.
Ready To Move
yET if gossip as to what was in the LaGuardia.
mind when he sensed in advance his defeat
for re-election to the House last year knows what
it talks about, the little flower was sadly depressed
It was asserted that Mr. LaGuardia even
thought of departing from New York City, bag
and baggage, to seek a more fertile climate for his
further political flowering somewhere up in the
more politically congenial northwest.
During campaign trips to support fellow party
irregulars the New Yorker is said to have surveyed
the situation in several progressively inclined
utates with an eye to the possibility of moving
west and trying to sprout a senatorial boom.
What Lies Ahead?
WHATEVER he then thought, LaGuardia's cast-
ing as dragon slayer by the anti-Tammany
fusion forces in New York has interesting possi-
There's another governorship battle to come in
New York next year. A fusion mayor of New York
who managed to make himself popular might be
a serious contender and upset many a confident
plan "Big Jim" Farley and his Democratic asso-
ciates are now hatching.
The tangled struggle for Republican New York
state leadership might be greatly affected also.
Nor is it probable that Mr. LaGuardia himself
would be willing to call it a day with a mere
mayorality-even that of the imperial city of
HERE might be even more impressive possi-
bilities. At the moment President Roosevelt
looms as undisputed liberal leader. LaGuardia
on the foundation of election as fusion mayor
of New York and his own liberal backgrounds,
might rise- to challenge the author of the "new
deal" on his own home grounds.
e Their Worth-
W ITH THE WORD fraternity has al-
ways been attached a certain stigma
.at somehow or other vaguely smacks of play-
ys, liquor, insincerity, and immorality in gen-
al. It has long been a favorite expression of
aiversity authorities here and throughout the
ition, that "fraternities must do something to
stify their existence or they will be doomed at
Just why fraternities should have the stigma of,
imorality attached to their name is something
Lat our generation cannot understand. Why, for
stance, at Michigan, where fraternity men for-
ars have proven themselves better students than
dependents, should they be considered as ultra-
Why, also, they would like to know, should
aternities justify their existence in the eyes of
zthorities? Does Phi Beta Kappa justify its
:istence? Is there any particular reason for the
istence of the custom o awarding honorary
grees? Is there any reason for the existence of
rtain University and faculty clubs? Is there any
ason for the existence of the American Legion,
e Elks, Masons, Oddfellows, or the Women's
aristian Temperance Union?
We maintain that there is a reason for the
istence of the above named organizations be-
,use the people who form the various member-
ips want such an organization to exist. This is
th ,a reason and a justification.
As for fraternity and sorority members being of
e playboy variety, while we do not consent to'
ant this assumption, we will go so ar as to say
it if they are, and still get good grades - better
an the independents - more power to them.
pending re-election campaign, Wagner came
doubtfully to Washington. He found Senate life,
to his surprise, even more agreeable than the
bench once his bent for hard work set him on
the road toward making over national policy to
He discovered in the pre-1929 boom years that
an unemployment crisis was indicated on the sta-
tistical horizon. His first trio of bills was laughed
Letters published in this column should not be
constued as expressmn the editorial opinion of
Thed-aily. Anonymous communications will be dis-
regarded. The names of communicants will, however,
be regarded. as confidential upon request. Contribu-
tors are asked to send in only typewritten or legible
articles, using one side of the paper only. Contribu-
tors must be as brief as possible, confining themselves
to not more than 400 words. -The Editors.
IS CHINA TO BE BLAMED
IN THE MANCHURIA DISPUTE
It is repeatedly reported that the tremendous
increase in the expense for the propaganda work
in the Japanese National budget is due to the
fact that Japan has been, and still is, spending a
huge sum to employ some people to speak for
her on the Manchuria dispute. The American
people are not so easily, we believe, to be, bribed
to speak for Japan who has notoriously disre-
garded all treaties of which the United States is a
co-signer and sometimes the real promoter. We do
not, however, believe that even the most impar-
tial of Americans may not be misled and mis-
informed, if they do not get the right information
from the reliable authorities.
With these points in view, we venture to make
a few remarks on Mr. Finch's lecture on "Man-
churia." (1) Is not Manchuria a part of the
Chinese territory? At one time Mr. Finch told
us that the Chinese migration into Manchuria
started after the overthrow of the Manchu dy-
nasty in 1912. At another time he said that the
population in Manchruria before 1912 was 18 mil-
lion. We would like to know who they were.
Were they all, or-a majority of them, Manchus?
The fact is that, as pointed out by the Lytton
Report, Manchuria has been populated by the
Chinese for almost 2,000 years. There has never
been such a thing as the prohibition of the Chi-
nese from immigration to Manchuria. Manchuria
belongs to China and, therefore, a part of the
Chinese territory. All civilized countries have rec-
ognized it. So has Japan, as mentioned in the
provisions of the Russo-Japanese Treaty of 1905.
In regard tJ the leased territory, Mr. Flinch
seemed to have emphasized that it was once ceded
by China to Japan and the latter was to be
entitled to it. He forgot, intentionally or otherwise
to put his finger on the point that China paid
30,000,000 tales for the retrocession.
(2) Is the "21 Demands" valid? Granted that
Mr. Finch, in the capacity of a teacher in Inter-
national Law, maintained that a treaty, made
under "duress" (no matter whether having the
effect of destroying the independence of a con-
tracting party or not) is valid; according to the
then Chinese Constitution, a treaty, though signed
by the Administration, must be ratified by the
Parliament. The so-called "21 Demandt bas
never been ratified by the Parliament. Would a
treaty have been valid, if it should have been
signed by the Roosevelt Administration without
the ratification of the Senate?
(3) Is Chinese Nationalism offensive? We were
surprised to learn from so learned a lecturer that
the fundamental cause of the Sinb-Japanese dis-
pute which culminated in Sept'- 18, 1931, is due
to the development of Chinese Nationalism, rather
than the consequence of Japanese imperialism, as
the unanimous world opinion says. May we frank-
ly tell Mr. Finch that most of all Chinese are
growing impatient with the present Nationalist
Governmen whose policies, with the exception of
the two-year period, 1925-1927, have been so
weak, and negative, that it has not accomplished
anything in respect to the regaining of the rights
the Chinese people as a nation inherently ought
to have. There is not such a thing as a "secret
protocol," as pointed out by the Lytton Commis-
sion, prohibiting China to build railways in Man-
churia. Is it aggressive for an independent nation
to exercise her sovereignty for internal economic
development which is the "life line" of her people?
Is Japan's action a matter of self-defense? The
Lytton report definitely said that Japan's action
could not be justified as "self-defense" and "self-
defense" is best defined by Mr. Roosevelt as not
using military force across one's own boundary.
The burning of hundreds of buildings, the killing
of thousands of innocent people, and the throw-
ing of millions of bombs and bullets on foreign
lands-are they "peaceful means?" Are they legal
to be called "self-defense?" Mr. Finch tried to
enumerate all possible explanations for Japan's
action, such as China's unpaid loans to Japan,
the Nakamura case, etc. Is it justified to open fire
on a debtor country, granted that the Japanese
loans made to irresponsible Chinese militarists to
instigate civil warfare is legal? France has de-
faulted her war debt payments once in a while.
Why is there no authority on international law
advising Mr. Roosevelt to take some "necessary
neasures," in =the Japanese phrase, against her?
NTakumura met his death by carrying an illegal
;assport and going to some place against the
warning of the Chinese officials. Why was there
never a single soul of the American .and the Eu-
ropean people killed that way?
We sincerely appreciate Mr. Finch's introduc-
tory remarks, telling the audience that the motion
>icture was taken by the South Manchuria Rail-
way Company-the official organ for the Japanese
mperialistic exploitation of Manchuria-and
hence indirectly pointing to the audience the in-
,vitability of the propagandist element, such as
videnced by the unreasonable picking up of the
worst of the old Chinese social institutions in
omparison with the best of the Japanese under-
akings to make an ill-intended contrast. But we
annot see why Mr. Finch should have made
uch misleading conclusions as pointed above. If
/r. Finch considers might as right, well and good,
e agree one hundred per cent with whatever
,ction Japan has taken. But . if we are to speak
To All Students Having Library
1. Students having in their pos-
session books drawn from the Uni-
versity Library are notified that such
books are due Monday, August 14,
before the impending examinations.
2. Students who have special need
for certain books between August 14
and 18 may retain such books for
that period by applying for permis-
sion at the office of the Superintend-
ent of Circulation on or before Au-
3. The names of all students who
have not cleared their records at
the Library by Tuesday, August 15,
will be sent to the Recorder's Office,
where their credits will be held up
until such time as said records are
M1 any Entries
In Intramu rals
(Continued from Page' 1)
day and Thursday afternoon on
Ferry Field. The teams that made
up the. summer league were: Chem-
istry, Educational Research, Super-
intendents and Teachers. The Chem-
istry team won the league by the vir-
tue on only one defeat and eight
wins. The Educational Research
team came in second with four los-
ses and five wins- The Teachere
were third and Superintendents
Champions in other sports are:
H. Wiggers in horseshoes, who de-
feated Ruby, 21r20; 21-10; Ketz in
handball singles, defeated Gajda i n
the finals, 21-10; 21-0; Ketz-Jack-
son in handball doubles, who defeat-
ed Gajda-Redniss; Hardy in bad-
minton who defeated Honhart in the
In 1,30.7 Game~s
To Tie Record
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 16.-In his ninth
season as a regular with the Yankees,
Lou Gehrig, New York's own, today
equalled Everett Scott's record of
playing in 1,307 consecutive games in
the American League.
Figuring 19 world series contests,
about 300"spring training affairs and
some 60 seasonal exhibitions, Gehrig
has been in more than 1,600 straight
engagements of the New York Club.
Gehrig started his string of games
in New York on June 1, 1925, when
he went in as a pinch hitter. The
next afternoon he displaced Wallie
Pipp as the regular first baseman of
the Yankees. And he has been on the
job ever since.
cleared, in compliance with the regu-
lations of the Regents.
S. W. McAllister,
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information: The
Bureau has received notice of the
following Civil Service Examinations:
Assistant Director of Social Work
(Warden's Asst.) in Penal Institu-
tions: $2,600 to $3,100; Junior Direc-
tor of Social Work (Junior Warden's
Asst.) in Penal Institutions, $2,000 to
$2,500. For further information,
kindly call at the office, 201 Mason
The Intramural Sports Building
and swimming pool will close at 6
p. m. on Friday of this week. Lockers
must be renewed or turned in by that
Examination for University Credit:
All students who desire credit for
work done in the Summer Session
will be required to take examinations
at the close of the Session. The ex-
amination 'schedule for schools and
colleges on the eight-week basis is as
Hour of Recitation
8 9 10 11a
Time of Examination
Thursday Friday Thursday Friday
8-10 8-10 2-4 2-4
Hour of Recitation
1 2 3 All other
Time of Examination
Thursday Thursday Friday Friday
4-6 10-12 10-12 4-6
Enrollment in University Element-
Vary School: Membership lists in the,
nursery, kindergarten, and grades of
the University Elementary School
are now being made up for the year
1933-34. Parents interested in mak-
ing application for the entrance of
their children should inquire for in-
formation at the Office of the Direc-
tor, Room 2509, University Element-
ary School, or should telephone the
University, station 326.
The General Library will be closed
September 4-7 inclusive to permit
the making of necessary repairs. Per-
sons desiring the use of library books
during this period should consult
in advance with the Chief of Circu-
lation or the Librarian's office.
S. W. McAllister,
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all rhembers of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Summer Session until 3:30;
11:30 a. m. Saturday.
In Tennis Race
FOREST HILLS, N. Y., Aug. 16.-
(?)-The field of competitors for the
Women's National Tennis Champion-
ship was well narrowed down today
to those who "belong," the select 16
/stars of this country and Great Brit-
ain who gained the aright to battle
on in tomorrow's third round.
As was to be anticipated, mem-
bers of the net game's upper crust
were not unduly exerted except in
a few rare instances. There are not
enough really; high ranking women
players, as a matter of fact, to sus-
tain anything like close competition
through six days of play. Tomorrow
things should begin getting warm.
Up to this point the seeded list had
sustained only one slight- casualty.
That came today when Joan Ridley,
of England, seeded No.t5 on the for-
eign list, succumbed to the steady
game of Mrs. A. J. Lamme, Jr., of
Rye, N. Y., by scores of 8-6, 4-6, 6-4.
Miss Ridley's defeat caused little sur-
prise as the British girl has been
playing only fair tennis this season.
Mrs. Lamme is ranked No. 20 in this
As usual, the day's most exuberant
crowd trooped over to an obscure
court to watch Mrs. Helen Wills
Moody, the seven-time champion,
score an easy victory over Grace Sur-
ber, champion of Jackson Heights,
N. Y., 6-2, 6-1. It was just another
waltz for the peerless Helen, despite
the stout-hearted opposition put up
by her opponent.
Confident as ever and sure of every
stroke, Mrs. Moody seldom advanced
farther than the service line and fre-
quently conceded points that were
out of immediate reach.t'She ad-
mitted she still was taking it easy,
favoring her injured back, but prom-
ised she would be ready to step
around when it becomes necessary.
That's bad news for the other girls.
Helen Jacobs, who still is the de-
fending champion, despite the inclin-
ation of many observers to attach
her crown without a struggle, didn't
draw a long breath in eliminating
Katheryn Pearson, of Houston, Tex.,
6-2, 6-1. From. the set of Helen's jaw
and the sparkle of her game, it seems
likely she had heard the rumors of
her abdication and is determined to
make somebody prove it.
Alice Marble, Sarah Palfrey, and
Carolin Babcock, the trio who com-
prise the "top crop" of American
stars, all came through with brilliant
Exhibition: S u m m e r studen
work in architectural design and
drawing and painting is hung in t
ground floor corridor of the Archite
ture Building. Open through the e
of this week, daily from 9 to 5. T
public is cordially invited.
All Makes - L e a1: P& rtab
Sold Rented ed Repair
Large choice stopk 4Thterms
S. State St., Ann Arbor.
M ORE than 300 officers of the law
were gathered together in a small
to surround kidnapers who were to collect
ional money from John Factor in Chicago.
,d cars, airplanes, machine guns - every con-
ble piece of machinery which might aid in
attempts to capture the racketeers were.
ed by the police.
e trap was carefully laid. Signals and codes
agreed upon. By having "tapped" phone
the officers were in complete possession of
formation which might aid them in catching
:idnapers. Plain clothes men 'drove out in
abs. Shrubbery and trees hid officers who
lying in wait for the signal which would-
the closing-in process.
I then, when the suspects fiially appeared
laimed the package which was to contain the
onal ransom money, what happened? Noth-
yond the fact that a lot of firing took place
the two suspects managed to get safely
gh the police cordon to freedom. Again the
f law and order had failed.
s true that police officials claim that the
s were not entirely wasted, since information
leaned which might eventually lead to the
re and conviction of those who are guilty.
evertheless the wanted men did get away-
e one of the greatest police traps in' history.-
s difficult to tell just what lesson might be
!d from this ridiculous gesture. Perhaps it
that our police forces are not capable of
nting those organized groups who violate*
ws. Maybe it demonstrates that, whatever;
ation the police possess or however they go;
it, the criminals are just naturally smarter.
it least an ironical nose-thumbing by the
eers to the effect that, if they hope to be
sful in restoring law and order in this coun-
e police can't bungle as they did Tuesday
Senator Bob Wagner
IT MUST have been a big moment for Senator
Bob Wagner of New York when a presidential
summons reached him to hurry home and take
charge of the national conciliation board.
Having had a big hand in putting through the
NRA-public works act out of application of which'
grew the industrial truce project, the senator had
set off for an uncharted motor trip in Europe.
He was supremely confident of the success of
the NRA plan; but contemplated no hand in its
Quite the contrary. Senator Wagner expected
after his vacation to bend his energies to a study
of how the thing was working with a view to
helping shape permanent laws stabilizing employ-
ment to replace the emergency recovery measures
of which the NRA and its public works comple-
ment are the main stem.
[L#UHAI ROGRSSiA 04 h e AE
WHEN THE CITIZENS OF BOSTON
GOT "NEWER NEWS"
'New Deal' Changes
ACTUALLY, the Roosevelt "new deal" envisaged
by the President at the time he first used
that expression in his campaign is a totally dif-
ferent thing from the emergency recovery set-up.
The underlying political philosophy may be the
saine, but not the details.
What has happened is that out of the banking.
crisis of last February-March grew the urgent
need to extemporize an emergency program. What
is now in progress is a heroic-size laboratory test
of the "new deal" theories Mr. Roosevelt pro-
claimed in his campaign.
Upon results of that test will hinge the admin-
istration's permanent legislative program which
will begin to take shape next winter. It was in
that connection that Senator Wagner was shap-
ing his plans when the call for emergency service
on the President's national mediation board
YET he has lived to see all his projects, matters
of far-seeing theory when he launched them,
become vital cogs in the recovery program of the
Roosevelt administration, developed on a far
grander scale than Wagner'had first proposed.
Another thing noteworthy about the Wagner
appointment as about many another Roosevelt as-
signment is that it is virtuaally non-political.
Being German-born the New York senator can
have no personal presidential ambitions to cast
suspicion upon the motive of his judgments as a
N PICKING Wagner, Mr. Roosevelt turned to a
THE ORIGIN of "news when it
is news" may be traced to the year
1719, when John Campbell, in-
spired postmaster of Boston and
proprietor of the Boston News Let-
ter, enlarged his paper and brought
to the readers of America more
timely topics than had ever been
published in this country before.
The Associated Press today brings
you up-to-the-minute news, accu-
rate and unbiased. This greatest
of news-gathering organizations
brings to you every day the news
gathered by 80,000 individuals at
a cost of marny million dollars a
dispatches are published together with the local