THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Again Stirs War
Cries in Bolivia
Mob of 10,000 Demands
War Against Paraguay;
Gather Before Palace
Cabinet Is Called
Troops from Rival State
Attack Bolivian Fort in
Border Area; Two Dead
LA PAZ, Bolivia, July 20.-(AP)--
The ancient boundary fued between
fBolivia and Paraguay flamed today
to the point where Bolivians crowd-
ed the streets and shouted for war.
The demonstration followed news
that 300 Paraguay troops attacked
Fort Mariscal, Santa Cruz, in the
border area, Saturday and that the
fighting was continuing. Two sol-
diers, persumably Bolivians, were re-
A crowd of 10,000 gathered in the
square before the presidential palace
after the announcement was made,
shbuting against "Paraguayan ag-
g;ression," and demanding war.
President Daniel Salamanca ap-
peared and told. them the Bolivian
people would know how to carry out
their duty against an aggressor, end-
Ing by urging them to be ready to
serve their country if needed.
The cabinet was called into ses-
sion to discuss the situation.
For fifty years the quarrel be-
tween Paraguay and Bolivia over
the Gran Chaco 'egion has drag-
ged on. The region lies between tle
rivers Paraguay and Pilcomayo and
is a wild jungle, but considered to
have rich possibilities.
Several Mimes during the half
century the two countries have
been brought to the verge of war.
Diplomatic relations were broken in
1928 and not fully resumed until
May, 1930. -
-Negotiations were carried on at
Washington until very recently, un-
der the good offices, of the United
States, Cuba, Mexico and Uruguay,
lut when fighting was reported early
his month the Paraguay govern-
melt instructed its delegates to
Reports early this year said there
were about 5,000 Bolivian and 4,-
00 Paraguayan troops in the region,
that 'Bolivia had 32 forts, oftposts
and camps to Paragtay's 2' and
that Bolivia was using 25 airplanes.
Report Fort Captured
r ASUNCION, Paraguay, July 20.-
(AP)-The war ministry announces
that Fort Carlos Antonio Lopez,in
the trouble Gran Chaco region, has
been' captured by Paraguayan troops.
The fort was seized by the Boliv-
ians a short time ago and this led
the Paraguayan' government to with-
draw its delegates from the peace
negotiations which were under way
Akron Firm Restores
Cut in Worers' Wages
British Flyers Plan Round-Trip Ocean Hop
(Associated Press Photo)
Capt. J. P. Saul (left), the Irish navigator for Kingsford-Smith
on his Atlantic hop, and J. A. Mollison (right), British flier who flew
from Australia to London in record time, are preparing to take off from
London on a round-trip flight to New York. They are shown with Amy
Johnson, Great Britain's premier aviatrix and Millison's finance.
Aueiepts Lost Heads for Error;
Eclipse Now Timed to Second
By HOWARD W. BLAKESLEE
(Associated Press Science Editor)
NEW YORK, July 20-(AP)-New
England will see a total eclipse of
the sun August 31.
That is just 52 days less than
4069 years ago when two Chinese
astronomers 'were beheaded for 'get-
ting drunk at the world's first re-
Since then strange events at eclip-
ses identify the big steps in the
whole story of human progress.
Beheaded For Miscalculation
The two, Chinese, Hsi and H ,
miscalculated the time of the an-
Worse yet, they mis-timed an ad-
vance celebration, so that they were
too drunk to appear in the royal
presence to shoot arrows at the
monster; devouring the sun. For
that they were executed.
Any of the astronomers gather-
ing from America, Europe and the
orient for the New England eclipse
would feel disgraced if their calcu-
'State Senator's Auto
Saved From Auctioneer
DETROIT, July 20.-(AP)-State
Senator George J. Sadowski's auto-
mobile, seized a week ago in execu-
tion of a $70 default judgment ob-
tained against him and which was to
have been offered for sale at public
auction, has been returned to its
owner through settlement of a print-
ing bill, for which the judgment was
lations of 3:30 p. m. (standard) for
this event missed by even one sec-
ond, or if they were a mile wrong in
forecastingthe 50 mile wide path of
Eclipse History Studied
One of these astronomers, Dr. S.
A. Mitchell of the University of Vir-
ginia, has gathered some history of
the former eclipses.
Between the first one and the,
most famous one in all history, in
525 B. C., the world made a big,
stride. By the time wise men had
learned to use eclipses for political
According to Herodotus, Thales, a
Greek, told the Ionians there would
be an eclipse. They in turn told
the Lydians, who had been fighting
the Medes for five years.
"They were still warring with
equal success," s a y s Merodotus,
"when it chanced, at an encounter
which happened in the sixth year,
that during the battle the day was
turned into night."
They stopped fighting and made
Good 'Press Agent Stuff'
By Julius Caesar's time eclipses
were in the press agent class. One,
is said to have occurred when Cae-
ern astronomers find that there was
no such eclipse, and they ought to
know, for they have dug up about
2,600 of them since the two Chi-
sar crossed the Rubicon. But mod-
nese lost their heads. The Rubi-
con eclipse was evidently flattery.
Shakespeare's writings are full of
references to heavenly phenomena
as omens of good or ill.
Junior irls .
Work on Play
For Next Year
Book for Annual Prodic-
tion Is in Preparation;
Although the next Junior Girls'
play is many months away, members
of the committee in charge of the
annual production are hard at work
this summer writing the book and
making preparations for the annual
Several amateur playwrights have
indicated the~ir intentions of entering
the competition for the honor of be-
ing the author of the book, and it
is hoped to have the manuscript
ready so that work on the play c
be started as soon as possible after
school opens in September.
Frances Manchester, '34, of Ann
Arbor, is general chairman. Other
committee chairmen include Misses
Mary Pray, of Jackson, Mich.,
dances; Grace Mayer, of Erie, Pa.,
ushers; Joan Barnett, of Niagara
Falls, programs; Elizabeth Cooper, of
Chase, Md., finance; Prudence Fos-
ter, of Grand Rapids, publicity; Ruth
Robinson, of Detroit, makeup; Sally
Place, of Blissfield, music; and Eliza-
beth Griffith, of Nanticoke, Pa.,
Roosevelt Orders Return
Of Canadian Banner
CHICAGO, July 20-(AP)-Amer-
ican troops will invade Canada next
week. But the visit will be a friend-
ly participation in the "Wolfe Week"
celebration in Sault Ste. Marie, On-
tario, July 25.
These troops will return to the
Canadian government a British flag
captured 118 years ago in battle.
The banner has since rested with
New York State and Gov. Franklin
D. Roosevelt ordered its return as
a token of good will.
Mayor of Grand Rapids
Can't Become Manager
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., July 20.
-(AP)-Mayor John D. Karel, ac-
cording to a ruling by City Attorney
Dale Souter, is ineligible to succeed
George W. Welsh as city manager,
if Welsh follows his intention of re-
signing July 26 to campaigrifor the
Republican gubernatorial nomina-
Souter ruled that Karel could not
hold office as mayor and acting city
manager at the same time, as sug-
gested by Welsh. The manager is
an employe of the commission, he
explained, and the mayor, a member
of the commission ex-officio, would
be passing upon his own work. +
Let's smoke a
7H E N 1h girls begin to cut cor-
ners in our cars and do back
somersaults in our planes and borrow
then it's time to
take to a pipe!
Call it the last
stronghold of mas-
the one pet diver-I.9
sion our little
friends keep their
fingers off. Call it
what you will-
there's something Her smoke-
downright satisfy- a cigarettel
ing, understanding, companionable
about a friendly, mellow, MASCU-
LINE pipe! It's a real man's smoke!
And a pipe's at
its bestrwhen you
fill it up with Edge-
worth. There's a
rare, mellow flavor
to the Edge-
worth blend of
fine burleys that
simply can't be
touched. It's cut
long-to give you
A pipe's a a cool, slow-burn-
man's smoke ing smoke. And
you'll find it the favorite with smokers
in 42 out of 54 colleges.
You can get Edgeworth wherew-
goodtobacconists sell smokes. But if
you've never tried it, we'd like the fun
of treating you to that first satisfying
pipeful. Just write to Larus & Bro. Co.,
105 S. 22d'St., Richmond, Va.
Edgeworth is a blend of fine old burleys,
with its natural savor enhanced by Edge-
and exclusive elev-
enth process. Buy
LL l%.fl1L 'G11 L1GG't U 71tJ. J I L1rS..4 X4..III *1.1. IT UjLLI LJ) * , Ut fl ALA JU AI.LC.1CPHURCJJ~ti.