THE MICHIGAN DAII.Y T
_.. - .. i
MMr'LGPN N AAgdq 1 M+erorwnlfD gar~uii nrY
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THURSDAY, AUG. 18, 1932
Taking The Final
. tiier tSsion is, fr all practical put'poss,
o#.' And once more it is our duty and paurH
to #ite a hail and farewel editorial. 'or the
end of this period is cetaily a moment when
every student attending the Summer Session
shbuld pause for a moment and take stock of
what has been accomplished.
What has been acconplihed by the Sum mer
Sess1n? Although enrollrent figures fell slightly
below last year's record-bra*ing attendance,
*liigan still maintained a higher percentage,
as compared with last year, than any other of the
larger summer institution. An ambitious series
of lectures has been presented with overwhelming
Wubees. Thusands of students have listened to
e Srts speak on topics raning from the cur-
rency system to excavations in Egypt. Students
n&W to the campus and new to this section of the
country have been privileged to take part in ex-
cursIons to many points of interest in ad near
Scoatcall y, the University has been able to
present not only the Michigan faculty, but also
ptominent profeSsors fromh other institutions, who
have lectured and taught in many fields. It has
been a privilege and an unusual opportunity to
learn of the viewpoints of other sections, and the
interchange of ideas has been mutually profitable.
Ih the recreational field, the Sunimmer Repertory
P1yirs haVe enj-oyed another successful season
in presenting productions of all different types
for our ehtertainment. The Intranural depart-'
ment has carried out a sports program covering
all fields of summer activity which has -met with
enthusiastic acclaim, particularly the baseball
le gui. Socially, this summer has been one of the
*Iist successful the Session hs ever witnessed.
And, in conclusion, we should like to express
our gratitude to all those who have taken part
In making this summe's Daily the succss we
hope it has been. In particular the assistance of
Dean Edward H. Kraus and Carlton Wells has
been invaluable and we are indebted to them for
their advice in organizing this first of professional
S ri br publications. May -their next summer be
in all ways as much of a success.
WHERE WILL.DRYS GO?
(Cleveland Plain Dealer)
Republican candidates for Congress, Senate or
House, may expect to be asked this question:
D'o you stand on your party platform, or do you
support President Hoover on the issue of prohibi-'
Eighteenth Amendment in the four years since his
first acceptance. In 1928 he praised the "experi-
ment" as one "noble in motive and far-reaching
in purpose;" he was outspokenly opposed to repeal.
When he transmitted the Wickersham report in
1931 he indicated no change in sentiment. When
he dictated the terms of the Chicago prohibition
plank in June this year and "sold" it to a con-
vention that preferred something wetter he was
willing to go no further than to advocate resub-
mission of the amendment, leaving the country to
wonder whether he and his party favored or op-
posed the amendment's repeal.
Somehow between mid-June and mid-August
the executive thinking on the subject received a
new and unexpected itpulse. He was for resub-
mission only in June; in 'August he throws the
moot amendment overboard. "A change is nec-
It is a fair assumption that since the Chicago
convention the president has been hearing from
the country. Practically all the congressional
nominations hav.e now been made. A procession
of these candidates have been dropping into
Washington. State and district party leaders have
had ears to the ground, and been convinced that
the Chicago wet-dry, dry-wet straddle has left a
bad impression in the public hind.
Mr. Hoover's speech has been generally received
as a competent and manly discussion of the whole
economic situation as it appeals to the man who
for three years has been at the center of the mael-
strom. And not least among the reasons for prais-
ing the address is the fact that the president
strikes out boldly on prohibition and is not averse
to saying that his own party platform is out of
harmony with prevailing sentiment in the country.
As Gov. Roosevelt said at Chicago: "The Eight-
eenth Amendment is doomed." Mr. Hoover con-
firms the judgment.
(Toledo News Bee)
Seasons of stress call for boldness, decisiveness,
clarity, frankness, directness. Often, during the'
last four years, we have critized President Hoover
for indecision. We have criticized Gov. Roosevelt
on the same ground.
While disagreeing with President Hoover on
many of the policies enumerated in his speech of
acceptance, we are glad to note a quality of posi-
tiveness in that sppeech-a quality that is now,
refreshing and reassuring.
On the same day, Gov. Roosevelt stepped into
the opening of the Walker trial with quite the
same decisiveness as that which characterized the
Hoover speech. We sincerely trust that Roosevelt
will demonstrate the same trait in his campaign
utterances and that Hoover will continue as he
has started. The times cry out against the side-
stepper and the pussyfooter.
In no part of his speech did Hoover more strik-
ingly display that tendency away from the nega-
tive and into the positive than in his discussion of
prohibition. Four years ago what he had to say
was only weasel words about "a great social and
economic experiment, noble in motive and far-
reaching in purpose"; about "searching investi-
gation" into something, the failure of which al-
ready was so obvious as to require no investiga-
tion. But now in 1932, Hoover comes outfo a
change. And some of his words are no less drastic
than might have been employed on the same sub-
ject by Alfred E. Smith.
We do not believe in Hoover's program for a
change. We do not believe that even the slighest
trace of prohibition should remain in the Consti-
tution of the United States. We do not believe
that police regulations belong there. Complete
repeal is the only final answer.
But, apart frpm the method of the change,
there can be no mistaking the fact that Herbert
Hoover is now clear in his conclusion on the larger
question of whether prohibition is a failure. He
"An increasing number of states and munici-
palities are *Yroving themselves unwilling to en-
gage in such enforcement. Due to these forces
there is in large sections an increasing illegal traf-
fic in liquor. But worse than this there has been
in those areas a spread of disrespect not only for
this law but for all laws, grave dangers of practi-
cal nullification of the Constitution, a degenera-
tion in municipal government and an increase in
"That-coming from Hoover-sounds like the
death knell to the domination of politics by the
Scott MBrides, the Dinwiddies, the Bishop Can-
nons, , the Clarence True Wilsons, the Anti-
No matter what plan may be adopted, the Re-
publican plan of revision, or the Democratic plan
of outright repeal, national prohibition as we
now know it is being placed in the casket.
EARLI'EST AMERICAN ART
(The Detroit Times)
Week after next the Indians on Walpole Island
will hold their annual fair. This is an event worth
visiting from historic motives as well as because
of its picturesque aspect.
The Indians, mostly Ojibways, Ottawas and
Pottawatomes, live less than 60 miles distant.
Their community on the island in the St. Clair
River is the nearest Indian settlement to Detroit.
A generation ago it was fairly familiar to Detroit-
ers. Today it is singularly remote. That is a
result of this motor age which has dimmed the
pleasure of water travel between here and Lake
You should know about those Walpole Indians.
Their ancestors, or a majority of them, were Mich-
igan Indians. In the early days of the last century
they were accorded treaty rights to attractive land
in central Michigan. The soil was rich, the hunt-
ing and fishing were good. They were happy.
Then sturdy, church-going Christians from New
England colonized this state. The Christian whites
saw that the Indian land was valuable and that
the Indians were not orthodox Christians in the
New England sense of that word. So they plied
the Indians with whisky and cheated them and
drew up new treaties and eventually ran them out
The Canadian government gave them sanctuary,
settled them at Walpole and has taken excellent
care of them since.
By all means go to their fair if you have not
already attended it. Go and see the Indian games
and races, examine their handicraft. Visit and
mingle with the descendants of people who lived
here in Michigan before your great-grandparents
ever had heard of it.
questions is a direct one. Clearly it would mean
a long step backward.
Constables, deputy sheriffs, sheriffs, city police,
state police and state wardens; post office inspec-
tors, prohibition enforcers, narcotics agents, in-
ternal revenue officers, U. S. marshals and Secret
Service! Without counting private police, the
armies of township, village, town, city, county,
state and federal police indeed have multiplied.
Each new arm added, few old ones were dispensed
with. Which are the more e sential in this era of
fast automobiles and airplanes, the state police or
constables and sheriffs?
We think Mr. Welsh's devotion to economy is
hampiered by a respect for what he believes to be
the immediate political expediencies. Those 83
county sheriffs swing more votes than the state
police. Schemes radically reducing the n4mbers of
policing jobs controlled by local politics strike at
the heart of state politics as now organized. Yet,
independent investigation agrees, that is the
method by which both economy and efficiency are
to be effectively served. That local political up-
heavals froth time to time get results and that
signal cases of good sheriffs and effective county
policing arise, are circumstances not touching
either the narrow authority or the average unfit-
ness of men whose local political strength puts
them on the public payrolls.
The admission that our American needs and
opinion always have and always will require local
policing does not admit that the extent of the
localization must remain the same under entirely
new coiditions. We predict that sooner than the
politicians thus far seem to realize, it will become
politically feasible to revise the government sys-
tem--provide fo' about 40 counties in Michigan
instead of 83. The support of a change as sweep-
ing as that would be strong enough to provide also
for local policing which, though much reduced in
the nuimbers of men dmiployed, would rest on an
efficiency basis and be in large part removed from
politics. Such local policing still would need the
help of an equally efficient and non-political body
of state police.
"GET ME A JOB," SAYS THE BOY.
(The Detroit News)
A Detroit social worker calls attention to the
fact that at the close of school for the vacation
period every social agency is beset by clamoring
youths for aid to get employment. "Get me a
job," says the boy. "Get him a job," plead the
parents. "And," says this expert in youth guid-
ance, "agencies that will show the boy how to
work in this choreless age and that will give him
a taste of the discipline of work, are few and far
There is something pathetic, if not ominous, in
this evident lack in the organization of our mod-
ern social system. Unfortunately, the lack is not
peculiarly that of abnormal times when jobs are
too few for the mature workers. It is innate in
the system that the discipline of work is lacking
in the surroundings of millions of young people of
What were the chores of former years? Ask the
statesmen of the old school, the successful men of
the group that laid the foundation of our present
economic, commercial and industrial structure.
SHow few of those remain who can tell of the
chores about the farm, of the little necessary du-
ties that could be performed by boys and girls
even in the city homes a generation ago. Only to
mention a list of such chores is sufficiert to indi-
cate the striking contrast of life under modern
It is a matter of serious consideration on the
part of educators, social workers, legislators and
all who have responsibility for social welfare. For
work has not been abolished. In the life of every
individual must come a meeting of obligations and
an assuming of duties. And what if there has
been no preparation in discipline such as was
given to the youth of other days?
TWO IN AGREEMENT
(Detroit Free Press)
If the testimony of one experienced statesman
on an important point is good, the harmonious
testimony of two experienced statesmen is still
On July 23, former President Calvin Coolidge
concluded an article in Collier's with these words:
"There is always a temptation in time of adver-
sity to think anything would be better than that
which we have. Naturally we ask ourselves why,
if our system is sound, it does not work better.
The answer is that our system has worked better
and is now working better than any other system
ever devised. Under it, we have more progress and
more comfort than ever came to any other people,
Even in our present distress, we are better taken
care of than we would be under any other sys-
tem. We are wise enough to know that there is no
system of property rights that is good against
human greed and folly. We cannot expect per-
fection. We do expect improvement. But that is
no reason why we should agree with those who
would persuade us that all our hard earned vic-
tories were mistakes which we ought now to aban-
don. Our greatest hope of success, materially and
spiritually, lies in the continued support of those
political and economic institutions which were
established by the Constitution of the United
On Thursday evening, Aug. 11, President Hoover
in accepting a renomination at the hands of the
Republican National Convention approached the
same theme that had previously been taken up by
his predecessor in office, doing so, however, in his
own words and from his own mental viewpoint.
In doing so he said:
"The solution of our many problems which arise
from the shifting scene of National life is not to
be found in haphazard experimentation or by
revolution. It must be through organic develop-
ment of our National life under these ideals (the
ideals of the American system). It must secure
that co-operative action which builds initiative
and strength outside of government.
'I"It does not follow because our difficulties are
stupendous, because there are some souls timorous
enough to doubt the validity and effectiveness of
our ideals and our system, that we musi turn to a
state controlled or state directed social or eco-
nomic system in order to cure our troubles.
"That is not liberalism; it is tyranny. It is the
regimentation of men under autocratic bureau-
cracy with all its extinction of liberty, of hope and
of opportunity. Of course no man of understand-
ing says that our system works perfectly. It does
not. The human race is not perfect. Oft=
times the tendency of democracy in presence of
National danger is to strike blindly and to. listen
to demagagues and slogans, all of which would
destroy and would not save. We have refused to
be stampeded into such courses.
Mr. Coolidge speaks as a philosopher intensely
interested in the welfare and fate of his Country,
but able to discuss his theme with the relative
detachment that comes to a person in retirement
and out of the political and administrative arenas.
mom WIN Eno om I N
With. this last issue of the Summer
sion The Daily wishes you an enjoyable
respite b)efore school resumes in the
We hope that your summer here has
been both fruitful and enjoyable and,
in direct line with this thought, hope
also that The Michigan Daily has
lelped accomplish this end. If you
have enjoyed The Daily this summer
under its new plan of management we
would appreciate hearing about it. If
you have any suggestions or criticisms
to offer which would improve The
D aily in1 your estimationi we should like
to hecar of themr.
We wish you the best of lutick and .hope
see you again next summer.
.If a candidate is merely for resubmission of the
Eighteenth Amendment without being willing to
say whether he favors repeal he goes with the
platform, but leaves the president part way. If
the candidate believes a "change is necessary," h'e
supports the president but 6ondemnhs the platform
on which both he and the president are supposed
;icuous result of the Hoover accept-
s6 far as prohibition is concern'ed, is
'econcilable dry is caught out in the
t an umhbrella. Roosevelt is for out-
; Mr. Hoover is for conditional repeal.
ratic platform promises repeal; the
platform proposes resubmission but
TWICE TOO MANY SHERIFFS
(The Detroit News)
When the candidates ior the foremost offices
now specify economies they would undertake if
nominated and elected, they can have no doubt
of a keen public interest. Each suggested cost-cut
deserves examination; in a case containing the
huge expansions of government expenses, many
Student Publications Building