THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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N NA}& o n + . ..m.. .u~ ,:JO .a rv
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U ii s'sity yearrand Summer session by the Hoard in
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Editorial Director......................Beach Conger, Jr.
City Editor...............................Carl S. Forsythe
State Editor .............................David M. Nichol
;W1b IEditor.....................Denton Kunze
e1g~p~fi Editor..................Thomas Connhellan
8jrts Editor........................... H. Beuema
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Office Hours: 9-12; 2-5 except Saturdays
usiness Manager .......................Charles T. Iline
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FRIDAY, AUG. 12, 1932
She University and
Student Finances . .
Moet a University owe its students financial
siuptOt? Does it have the responsibility of pro-
viding indigent students with funds so that they
may complete their educations? Questions of this
nature are presented in an editorial from The
Daily Iowan in the adjacent columns, and have
received national attention recently because of an
article by Christian Gauss, well known Saturday
Evening Post writer.
A University, especially a state institution, has
many duties to fulfil, but providing financial sup-
port for its students can hardly be one of them.
The most such colleges are able to accomplish is
to bring tuition and other costs down to an abso-
lute minimum, and offer to every qualified person
an education which is the closest he can get to
Universities should assist students in every pos-
sible way, to be sure. Michigan maintains a stu-
dent employment bureau and has had ample
funds at its disposal for loans to upperclass stu-
.dents who have been considered deserving. But it
is obvious that when 10,000 students live in a town
which has a population of not more than 27,000
inhabitants, the chances for outside employment
are very slim. Yet it is remarkable how many
pospfective freshmen come to college expecting
the authorities to obtain employment for them so
that they may work their way through. In small
cities, the University or college is the main and
usually only industry, and no other enterprise can
Absorb as much labor as is supplied.
The function of the University becomes more
diversified every day. From the strictly theological
institutions of many decades ago it has grown
until it embraces professional schools, graduate
schools, alumni services, instruction courses in
other cities, printing establishments, and many
other modern features. Advanced students are
employed as teaching or reading assistants in
many . departments; the Building and Grounds
department employs many students in its activi-
ties. Yet obviously the University for that reason
does not feel itself responsible for the financial
outlook of every student.
very convincing shipwreck to the extent of some1
This stage adaptation of Jules Verne's storyi
covers a great deal, if one is willing to concedel
that the world is a great deal. The first com-
ment of any sort belongs with the settings. They1
were splendid and helped not a little by clever!
lighting effects. Not only were they good in them-1
selves but they were efficiently changed with the
necessary rapidity. Mr. Stevens had an undertak-I
ing in achieving the effect of constant speed
as the numerous changes could have easily slowed
the tempo of the play.
The acting honors are equally shared by Mr.
Alan Handley as Phileas Fogg and Mr. Lauren
Gilbert as Passepartout. Handley played with
subtlety, quickening and lengthening his action to
good effect, and Mr. Gilbert made a vivacious,
excitable Frenchman. Incidentally his accenting
was very well done. These two players contribut-
ed much to the movement of the play. Miss Fritz
and Miss Scott were the feminine leads, the lat-
ter being much the better of the two but having
a somewhat smaller part. Fairness is no excuse
for insipidity. But could I have possibly forgotten
Mr. Fix of the thousand disguises? Frederic Cran-
dall's obviousness is greatly appreciated in this
role. He was particularly good in India when he
hid himself under a thick black beard. George
Totten's Archibald Corsican could have been freer
and more boisterous. Then there was Blandina
Foster's Elaborate Lady and Paul Shower's Mag-
istrate. James Doll also deserves mention as being
the most interesting eccentric.
In addition the costuming on the whole was
good, and very good when one considers Mr. Fix's
check suit and the Chicago repo'ter's derby hats,
not to mention the sailors.
This play at the Lydia Mendelssohn is great
fun. Those who are cynical in a hearthy sort of
way will enjoy it immensely, those who are en-
dowed with pure humour untouched by cynicism
will be greatly amused, and those who approach
it in an earnest, believing frame of mind will-
well, they can believe.
WORKING THROUGH COLLEGE
There are too many students working their way
through college, according to Albert B. Crawford,
director of personnel department at Yale. Unless
he is of exceptional scholastic ability, he adds, a
student should not be encouraged to enter college
if he must support himself while there.
If that suggestion were carried out, the Univer-
sity of Iowa campus would be deserted by at least
one-third its student population.
Mr. Crawford called attention to one duty long
neglected by colleges, that of "debunking impres-
sions regarding how little college costs and how
easy it is to earn that little."
What Mr. Crawford does not know, however, is
that rather than "impressions" of low costs,
"realities" would suit the situation more ade-
quately. Perhaps he is not familiar with Univer-
sity of Iowa personnel department experiences, of
a case in which four students lived co-operatively
for a year on an outlay of 15 cents a day apiece;
or in which a girl who had worked her way en-
tirely through the university emerged with a 3.8
average; or inswhich hundreds of students worked
for their meals and room, made enough extra to
pay tuition and book costs, and came out at the
end of four years showing a profit.
In encouraging students to come to college
despite the fact that they can barely afford to, is
to lead them away from idleness and, more than
that; to turn what otherwise would be wasted
years into years of most development. Being
"on their own" for most students means develop-
ing independence and self-reliance, virtues rarely
'developed by the luxury of idleness.
The experience here has been that being forced
to work through college, all or part way, has re-
sulted in better scholastic activity, more effort
made to get the most out of college because it was
dieing obtained at a sacrifice. And even at that,
few students working their way through have
been forced to give up completely the social life
and extra-curricular activities that add immeas-
urably to a rounded, well-balanced education.
Without drawing on records and statistics for
proof, this writer is certain that Mr. Crawford can
be convinced of his misinformation regarding
working students. Every year brings a greater
number to this campus, and every year 'sees a
greater number of graduates who are ready to go
out in the world after four years of experience
developing themselves into citizens who can appre-
ciate the problems of "after college" and know
how to cope with them.
There is something, however, to drawing the
line somewhere, discouraging some few students
who have a misconception about college life and
who think it is the easiest way in the world of
getting out of work. The university is willing to
meet halfway a student who wants to learn, but
must of necessity refuse aid to those who come to
college for a four-year "whee." Fortunately, and
significantly, the latter type is fast disappearing
under the pressure of circumstances-reduced in-
comes and tightening of credit-and a noticeable
change in students' aims and ambitions has re-
sulted. That change has certainly been for the
better, and provides the greatest argument against
such a suggestion as comes from Yale's personnel
Willingness of students to revamp all previous
notions of college life has brought about a similar
willingness on the part of educators to revamp
curricula to meet the changing needs. Especially
in the field of required subjects a decided change
is taking place, while provisions for more liberal
education and more effective training for practical
living are turning the educational world of a
decade ago topsy-turvy.
Under these circumstances no one is qualified to
say that a really bad situation has occurred, that
too many students are being wrongfully encour-
aged to work their way through school. There
can never be too many educated persons in the
world, nor too many people who appreciate all'
that life affords.
leaf in their thinking. The parties of the Left
made enormous gains. A man of the Left became
prime minister. At Lausanne, to the surprise of a
large part of the world, he threw over the French
claim to enormous, unpayable German indemni-
ties, and coming home, he secured immediate in-
dorsemertit of his act not only by a majority of
the Chamber, but by a large number of news-
papers that only a few months befoe had refused
to give up the "sacred claims of France" for repa-
rations, and the full penalties exacted by the
Treaty of Versailles.
So now the spokesman of France, her President,
can talk about the war as a "great human folly."
He has achieved perspective. It would have been
better to have foresight-such foresight as Sena-
tor Robert M. LaFollette had when, opposing our
entrance to the war in 1917, he foretold all the
disastrous consequences to our people, while "pa-
triotic" senators righteously left the chamber. His
predictions were verified even beyond his antici-
pation. We have paid, are paying, and will long
continue to pay for that interference in European
affairs against which Senator LaFollette, the stu-
dent of history, protested. And he himself paid
the penalty of a Cassandra. He was ostracized; he
was abused; and when he continued to fight the
lost battle, he was investigated by the body to
which he had been elected. Before his death came
complete vindication in the ruin of Europe, a
panic in America, huge war bills yet unpaid, and
such dislocation of all that was known and familiar
that the world is still dreadily trying to put the
pieces back into order.
The war was indeed a great human folly. It did
not require the President of France to tell us so.
But it is good to see that France's spokesman has
been able to publish to the world the fact that
France has emerged from that post-war psychol-
ogy which has kept Europe in turmoil for nearly
14 years, and has stood in the way of vital steps
toward reconstruction which all the other great
nations have been willing to take.
A LEATHER MEDAL
(The Daily Illini)
Good old South America! What would the world
do without the spice and variety afforded by South
American wars? Germany may have her political
riots, Chicago may have her gang wars, and Ire-
land her governmental skirmishes, but when the
South American continent gets down to the busi-
ness of having a few neat-sized wars, there is no
touching the locality for freshness, vigor, and con-
Both contending armies in the war that Brazil
is staging at present for the visiting firemen and
whatever other saps they can catch to watch it
claim that the progress is "very satisfactory."
Boy, what a lazy bunch of bushwhackers must be
fighting that war. If all wars were like that one,
we would have no disarmament problem. The
federal troops stay in the mountains and make the
rebels afraid that they might shoot if an advance
were made, while the rebels hold the continual
threat of a march upon the capital which never
materializes. This has been the condition for the
past five weeks, while shipping, especially in coffee
and other tropical produce, piles up at Santos, the
great coffee port of Sao Paulo. The blockade
maintained by the federal troops to effectively
starve out the Sao Paulo civil war forces against
the Vargas government has been so nearly perfect
that a real economic problem is cropping up.
Turning from this lethargic activity on the bat-
tlefields to a gas attack raging bepween Bolivia
and Paraguay-words have been flying thick and
fast in that region during the past few days. Each
government claims that the other is wrong. The
presumptuous little Bolivian republic claims the
right to an Atlantic outlet via the Paraguayan
river, while Paraguay holds the Chaco territory to
be her richest source of income from any of her
territory. Bolivia claims that Paraguay is being
too emotional and traditional about the battle and
should sit around and give her a seaport when she
already has one on the east. Paraguay holds to
her ancient and honorable rights, and invokes the
aid of mediation from the world's powers on the
question, while cocky little Bolivia will have none
of this. Bolivia really believes that outside inter-
ference is not to be trusted, so she will either fight
or do without.
Perhaps we have a rubber medal in our collec-
tion that we could solve this dispute over honor
with, but we would have to have two of them, so
in the absence of the necessary makings of a
medal presentation, we will merely award the war
medal to South America as a whole for the most
original and most unusually consistent wars in
By Kirke Simpson
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1l.-(/P)-The Bystander
regrets not having heard, or seen in full text Sen-
ator Hattie Caraway's maiden political speech at
El Dorado, Arkansas, in the launching of her cam-
paign to succeed herself in the senate for a full
And Mrs. Caraway had unusual surroundings
for that speech, since her ally, Senator Huey Long
of Louisiana, had brought along with him the
loudspeaker-equipped truck he had used in his
own gubernatorial and senatorial campaigning.
The accounts of the opening of the Caraway
campaign for the senatorial nomination-equiva-
lent to election in Arkansas-which The Bystand-
er saw were more taken up with Long's remarks
and campaign methods than with Mrs. Caraway's
own exposition of her political philosophy.
CUE FROM THE SPHYNX
It is an odd circumstance that any senator
should have served as long as Mrs. Caraway has
in that wordy body, both by appointnent to suc-
ceed her husband and as the first woman to be
elected to the senate, without having ever con-
tributed a few well chosen remarks to the long-
suffering Congressional Record.
Dressed in the invariable black of her widow-
hood, Mrs. Caraway made always a rather strik-
ing picture at her back row seat in the senate.
She seemed so small and frail, huddled in the
huge senatorial chair, and by comparison with
the many robust and hearty looking, not to say
plump, masculine senators all about her.
There are a lot of big men physically in the
senate-like Hiram Bingham of Connecticut and
Henry Ashurst of Arizona, both of whom tower
well over two yards above the floor level when in
action. Or there is the former amateur heavy-
weight boxing champion, W. Warren Barbour of
m illion41 a day
Users of Bell System service ask "Informa- each operator to reach quickly the listings of
tion" more than 1,000,000 questions every some 15, 500,000 telephones. They developed
day. Providing facilities for answering them apparatus which automatically routes calls to
promptly, correctly, was one problem put up operators not busy-and should all operators
to engineers of the Bell System. be busy at once, it stores up calls and releases
So effective was their solution that this
prodigious task is now a matter of smooth
routine. They designed desks which enable
them in the order received !
Efficient telephone service depends
working out interesting problems like
SYSTEM OF INTER-CONNECTING
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HeGot the Facts
~Behind* the News!
Stretching its huge bulk across the San Francisquito
Canyon, the St. Francis dam cupped a deep blue lake
of water against the hills. Peacefully, fruitfully tilling
the soil in the valley below were the water-hungry
farmers of Santa Clara.
Then, something happened ! Without warning, the
great man-built barrier crumbled. A vast flood reared
its bulk into a ferocious torrent-smashed every-
thing that stood in its path. Another unwarranted
disaster. Lives lost! Property destroyed! Why?
An Engineering News-Record editor in San Francisco
jumped a fast train: Rapidly he surveyed the scene;
investigated and photographed the remaining traceS
of structural fault; wired his papery
Fast news? Yes, but what of his story? Nothing sen-
sational in the story he wired-no wrath-stirring
adjectives calculated to arouse public sentiment. This
editor tersely related the reasons for the disaster-
scientifically pieced together the causes of founda-
tion failure-gave construction engineers the facts
which they could not get from newspaper stories.
. Perhaps students are coming to lean too heavily
on the college or university for support. Many
come expecting to find a job, room and board
awaiting them. And then they find the university
failing them. We are inclined to agree with writ-
ers who advise students not to come to college
unless they have enough money to finance them-
selves at least half way. All of us have the utmost
respect for the student who has worked his way
through. But it is placing too great a burden on
the University of today to expect it to carry all
the needy students who expect or deserve assist-
ance from it.
Music and Drama
"TOUR DU MONDE,"
A Review by Mary A. Spalding
"Tour Du Monde" or "Around The World In
80 Days" is one of the wittiest bits of idiocy to be'
shown in Ann Arbor for quite some time. Of
THE WAR WAS INDEED A GREAT HUMAN
(The Detroit News)
Dedicating the ossuary at Douaumont, which
holds the bones of 320,000 Frenchmen killed in the
war, principally in the fighting around Verdun,
President Albert Lebrun said: "This monument
will remain as testimony to a great human folly."
One may see in these words the indication of a
great change in French mentality; a change not
sudden, but nevertheless recently revealed. Before
the victory of the Left in the elections to the
Chamber a few months ago, no representative of
France would have dared include hisrown country
in the "folly" of the great war: or. had he so
Business men, industrialists and engi-
neers-600,000 of them-regularly read
the McGraw-Hill Publications. More
than 3,000,000 use McGraw-Hill books
and magazines in their business.
The Business Week Radio Retailing
Factory and Industrial Engineering and
Management Mining Journal
Power Engineering and
Industrial Engineering , Mining World
Coal Age Electric Railway Journal
Textile World Bus Transportation
Food Industries American Machinist
Electrical World Engineering News.
Many weeks later an official investigating commission
confirmed, almost to a word, that first telegraphic
flash of the McGraw-Hill editor. Meantimes, editors
of metropolitan dailies used the McGraw-Hill story
to reassure their readers that similar disasters were
not likely to occur in other places.
Each McGraw-Hill Publication has built a splendid
reputation among leaders of industry and business
for truth, leadership, constructive foresight. From
the publication which covers your chosen field, you
will get a close-up of what your future employers