THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, AUG. 9,
B. C. The Ionians passed the word on to the
Lydians, who had been at war for five years with
the Medes. During the sixth year of the war, the
"day was turned to night," as Herodotus put it,
and peace was declared at once.
There is at least one allusion to an eclipse in
the Scriptures; with. possibly another. In Amos
8:9 occurs "I will cause the sun to go down at
noon, and will darken the earth in the clear day."
Astronomical tables indicate an eclipse in 763 B:C.
which was probably the one referred to.
And in II Kings 20:2, there is a possibility:
"And Isiah the prophet cried unto the Lord; and
he brought the shadow 10 degrees backward by
which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz."
A LIBERAL EDUCATION
(St. Louis Post Dispatch)
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aal Direotor......................Beach Conger, Jr.
kitor...............................Carl S. Forsythe
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tph Editor...................Thonas Connellan
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nt City Editor.....................Norman F. Kraft
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TUESDAY, AUG. 9; 1932,
The Nation asks an interesting question in its
fine editorial tribute to "A Great Ambassador,"
the late Jules J. Jusserand. During the difficult
war years his discretion and dignity served France
well, but throughout his entire diplomatic career
in Washington his unfailing respect for the coun-
try to which he was accredited not only won for
him personal distinction but a high place in
American esteem. The question the Nation asks
it, "Was this success due in considerable part to
his being a man of letters?" And by way of
answer some happy citations are offered. First
of all, the great Englishman, Bryce, along with
such illustrious American envoys as John Lothrop
Motley, James Russell Lowell and John Hay.
Scholars all, "artistocrats of learning," in Ma-
caulay's phrase, who looked on life from the
serene vantage of a liberal education, which was
the thing our universities provided before so-
called practicality usurped the authority of
It is an interesting question, and a most prac-
tical one. No one can doubt the practical results
of Jusserand's management of the French embassy
in the war period, and one may reasonably, if
futilely, wonder how differently history might
read today had Bernstorff been able to manage
the personnel of the German staff with the
punctilio of Jusserand.
But the efficiency, the durable efficiency of a
liberal education in public affairs is not restricted
to the area of diplomacy. The need for its vision,
for its faith in justice, is more urgent, it seems
to, us, in the legislative and administrative de-
partments of government. The abuses of long
entrenched privilege at Washington, from which
we are now suffering so grievously, could never
have been established, never tolerated, indeed, if-
men of liberal education had dictated public
policy. To be sure, we have had our "scholar in
politics" who failed badly, just as our self-taught
Jacksons and Lincolns have met the challenge
of crisis with a genius not to be found in books.
But, by and large, a liberal education is a price-
less equipment in those servants to whom we
literally intrust our destiny. For it bestows on
its possessor the ability to discern the rights of
people and the character to defend and serve
move or believe that it will be of benefit to the
However, as in the present case and all others
of similar nature, Mr. Veeck calmly fingers his
nose at the multitude and pleases Mrs. Veeck's
boy William. There is no doubt but that Charlie
Grimm will make one whale of a good manager.
He has been one of the greatest first basemen in
the game and one of the most popular, men in
baseball. The only sad part of this move is that
Grimm will probably go the way of the others
when Veeck gets tired of having someone run the
club that does not chose to yell "yes" to every-
Joe McCarthy got the well known gate and
Hornsby succeeded him as manager of the Cubs
after a brilliant record as manager of the St. Louis
Cardinals and a career with the New York Giants.
Grimm's record is nearly as imposing as that of
Hornsby, but he has not the managerial experi-
ence of the older man.
If Veeck intends to be manager of the Cubs on
the field he might put on a uniform and sit on
the bench so that he would be more in position
to do the job up right. Instead of this he waits
until something has seemingly gone wrong ac-
cording to his viewpoint and then tries to dictate
the future policy upon the basis of past perform-
ance. The Cubs were not high enough in the race
to satisfy Veeck so Rajah resigned under agree-
We seriously doubt Veeck's ability to manage a
team from the clubhouse when a manager who
sits with the team knows exactly what is needed
and when should be able to handle the situation
adequately. However, it is not our money that
Mr. Veeck is spending in changing managers so
we should not protest. We do hope that Charlie
Grimm is given a fair chance to run the team and
OF THEE I SING
Perhaps the old man calamity is still with us,
economically speaking. But there is no doubting
that he is well upon his work of packing the good
old kit bag for a trip somewhere else. The wag
from New York who wired his family in Chicago
that prosperity was on its way as he knew it had
left the Great White Way, is not so far wrong in
his little pun.
Whatever else may be said and whatever favor-
able trends may be denied as false fronts put up
to mislead people into supporting them, there is
no denying that the markets are continuing their
steady rise, and, in spite of the crepe hangers,
seem to be going to continue this for some time.
The New York bond market has held out on a rise
that was scheduled to break at any time. All
along Wall street the prices are reported strong
with movements in stocks and securities going on
at a lively pace.
In La Salle street rumors and rumors of more
rumors are reported flying thick and fast as trad-
ing picks up. It is the general opinion of brokers
that the public is getting back into stocks. This is
not exactly a laudable activity for speculation, but
it is certainly a healthy sign for the market, which
is the foundation of American finance of all kinds.
Perhaps this reaction will be somewhat tempo-
rary, but that is no reason to discredit it as a
favorable indication of future strength. Of course,
we take every opportunity to hop on the calamity
howlers and really rub in favorable news, so this
rise may be favorable news to them in that a
common occurrence of such action may cut short
our trades on the question.
All we ask is credit where credit is due, and if
there is not a favorable trend holding forth in the
markets there is certainly something wrong with
our vision. Just look it over and think the ques-
tion out for yourself. Don't take our word for it,
but we might add a word of advice instilled by
our service club ancestors - it won't be long now.
By Kirke Simpson
IVOAn Industry's Programn
That Made Front-Page News
Cloth rolling off the looms;; . thousands of yards... mil-
lions of yards . .. pouring into an already glutted market.
Women and children working through the long night hours
to produce more goods where less was needed.
From competitive chaos in the textile industry order and
straight thinking have suddenly emerged. Through The
Cotton-Textile Institute, an agency of the industry's own
creation, the end of night work for women and minors has
Business men, industrialists and engi-
neers-600,OOO of them-regularly read
the McGraw-Hill Publications. More
than 3,000,000 use McGraw-Hill books
and magazines in their business.
The Business Week Radio Retailing
This single step projects on the horizon the following bene-
fits: (1) Full time for the day worker instead of part time.for
him and the night worker; (2) more orderly production;
(3) better working conditions; (4) more profitable opera.
tion; (5) better returns for mill and worker.
No wonder textile markets are stronger! No wonder the
textile industry is raising its head and its good news is
making the front pages!
Underneath all this new progress there will be found, as,
usual, a McGraw-Hill publication. Textile World long ago
urged the abolition of night work for women and minors as
one step in a program to restore prosperity to textile mills
and employees. It has labored side by side with the industry
for the achievement of that program.
So in many industries, today, you'll find a McGraw-Hill
Publication sponsoring progressive thought and action. If
you keep abreast of the day-by-day achievements of the field
you expect to enter, read the McGraw-Hill paper covering
that field. Most college libraries have, or should have,
McGraw-Hill Publications. Ask your librarian.
'reerick Manvile Taylor
Word received from California of the death of
ofessor-Emeritus Frederick M. Taylor has sad-
ned the heart of many a formner student and
low worker. For almost half a century Profes-
r Taylor was a member of. the Michigan faculty,
d. was regarded as one of the outstanding,
holars and teachers on the campus,.
Economics was always an abstract, theoretical
bject which the average undergraduate found.
hard to understand. But "Freddie" Taylor's
Tinciples of Economics," a book which has been
e basic textbook for elementary economic
urses in the Literary college, simplified the sub-
:t for the poor sophomore who had trouble
ough struggling with Gresham's, Law, supply
d derand curves, without' having to conquer
too techncial or meaningless textbook.
'Freddie" was not known only as a teacher of
ise seeking culture and information. His
lievement was, perhaps, greater than that. He
s able to train his students, to imbue them
Lh the spirit of research and scholarly science
it many of them are now prominent teachers
'oughout the United States.
3ut the memory of his understanding of the
dent and his problems will forever remain at
Chigan; classes. will continue to sing that tra-
ional anthem: "He's gone out from Freddie's
momics, safe now in the junior class,"
Factory and Industrial Engineering and
Management Mining Journal
Power Engineering and
Industrial Engineering Mining World
coal Age Electric Railway Journal
Textile World Bus Transportation
Food Industries American Machinist
Electrical World Engineering News-
Electrical Merchandising Record
Electrical West Construction Methods
Chemical & Metallurgical Engineering
HOW ABOUT A DECENT CHECK-ROOM?
During the early days of autumn quarter last
years when returned students were gaining their
first taste of college life in times of acute finan-
cial stress, somebody tired of going dateless week-
end after week-end hit upon the "depression
It was a great idea. Besides a decent evening
for the small' consideration of one quarter, it
offered- means of knitting the Farm into a more
compact social unit. The first one was a big
Then as these dances gained increasing popu-
larity among students during the dark days of
the hard winter just past, a complication de-
veloped News of the cheap entertainment spread
throughout the Peninsula, and the dances began
to take on the aspect of informal gatherings of
unemployed' from Menlo Park and vicinity.
The Daily warned of what would follow if
nothing was done, proposing that a fine slogan
would be "Campus Dances for Campus People."
But it was unheeded. The result was that the
last affair, though a rousing financial success,
perhaps, was a sorry failure as a social function.
Saturday night there will be another "depres-
sion dance" in the Woman's gym. Thanks to
the foresight of its sponsor, Cap and Gown,
students can go and pay their two-bit fine with-
out fear of walking in to find themselves virtually
alone among a gathering of "Outsiders."
For the senior women's honorary society has
taken the simple step that was suggested long
ago. No couple will be admitted which cannot
produce a student body card.
Thus the affair will be as it should be, truly
i "Campus Dance for Campus People."
Mc GRAW- HILL PUBLICATIONS
McGRAW.HILt PUBLISHING CO Inc New York Chcago -Phldelphia -Washingon -Deoit S touts -Clevelond -Los Angees-Son francisco-Boston Gr een lle -ondoij
STEPPING ITO A -MODIERN WORLD'
$700 A SECOND
Four thousand sixty-nine years ago this August
two Chinese were beheaded because they got
drunk. It was not- because of an early prohibition
law, but because they miscalculated on two counts.
The two men, Hsi, and Ho, predicted that an
eclipse' of the sun would take place. It did, but
they miscalculated the time. They also miscal,-
culated on an advance- celebration, and- were too
drunk to appear before the royalty of the day
to shoot arrows- at the monster "which was de-
vouring- the sun." For that they lost their heads.
Sich miscalculation will not occur Wednesday,
Aug. 31, when astronomers from all over the world
gather to witness the total eclipse of the sun.
scheduled for 3:30 p. m. Eastern Standard- time.
The path of the eclipse will- cross New England,
and if the present day astronomers were one
second wrong in their fixing of the time of its
>ccurrence, or were one mile off in determining
he extent of the path of totality, they would be
shamed beyond measure.
Out here in the middle-west, the eclipse will
approach roughly 40 per cent of totality, and will
>ecur about- 2:15 p. m. The solar show will cost
;cientific observers $700 a second to watch, and
t will last 100 seconds. Mighty nice profit might
he made on ring-side seats with the proper pro-
notion, if those prices prevailed.
That figure of $700,000- comprises the expense
>f more than 30 expeditions which will come from
Al4 over the world to watch the phenomenon. And
t is worth it, say scientists. Out of spectroscopic
)bservations of the halo of fire, the corona of
he sun, may come secrets of new power sources,
iew energy for health, even long distance weather
orecasting and solutions of problems for elim-
nation of trouble in radio communication.-
ABOLISHING "HELL WEEK"
(Daily Tar Heel)
Growing sentiment against the tradition of-
"hell week" and "horseplay" in fraternities and'
honorary organizations is apparent with the ef-
forts of student leaders at the University and
other institutions to abandon the practice, once
described by Former President Chase as a "prac-
tice which is scarcely a pleasant thing to see
continued in fraternities." In an open letter to
fraternity presidents at the University of Wis-
consin, Scott H. Goodnight, dean of men, urged-
the groups to remove this practice in order to
establish a higher plane of fraternity life at
Wisconsin. "Hell week," said Goodnight, "is hostile
to every higher interest of fraternal life at the
present time. Faculty members grow resentful
when their students fail to appear in class, or
if they do come jaded, sleepy, and unprepared.
Parents are angered by what they call outrageous
abuse of their sons and it raises new enemies
against fraternities when we sorely need friends."
Most recent steps in this direction on the Uni-
versity campus are the suspension of paddling
and other physical initiation by the Golden Fleece
and the Order of the Grail, the two leading hon-
orary organizations. Numerous campus fraterni-
ties have done away with the practice of "hell
week" while others are on record as contemplating
such a move. Removal of this semi-barbaric cus-
tom is one of the most progressive steps taken
in the fraternity system since its relegation into
open existence established only a few years ago
on some campuses. Hazing and its attendant
discomforts were outlawed on the University.
campus some years ago, but the local Greeks
still manage to observe it staying within the point
of the law., yet violating the principle. The,- time
has come for a wholesale disposal of the physical
initiation system on this campus, either through
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8. -(P)--- Aside from the
experiences of Washington's political reporters,
turned "war" correspondents in connection with
army operations to evict the bonus squatters, there
is not much humor about that affair.
Yet the reporters did have a lively time of it
getting a chance to see what was going on, once
the army took hold.
There is no arguing with a regular cavalrynan,
swinging a saber, or with a tin-hatted dough-boy
with a bayoneted rifle. They ran The Bystander
around in circles as they did many of his press
It develops, however, that General Douglas Mac-
Arthur, chief of staff and made personally re-
sponsible for execution of the eviction order by
Secretary Hurley, was caught sartorially napping
that day. He came in from his quarters in the
crisp white mufti he favors in hot weather.
About the time he ordered the troops in from
the fort, he also sent for his uniform as he in-
tended to lead the march. The troops got there
before the uniform arrived, so they just had to
General MacArthur might consider the methods
worked out by Under Secretary Castle at the state
department for keeping at hand the garb neces-
sary for all 6ccasions. Castle parks a spare high
hat and tail coat in his office. When a diplomat
comes along to be escorted to the White House,
he just shuffles into that regalia and doffs it
agaain when the formal visit is over.
That is a handy arrangement. Years ago, when
the United States Supreme court was more formal
in procedure than it is now, no lawyer was per-
mitted to address the bench in argument except
when appropriately- dressed. So many legal lights
came to plead cases unequipped with the long-
tailed black coat decreed by custom that an an-
cient garment of that type was kept in the clerk
of court's office for their use in such an emer-
gency. It was still in use when former President
Taft became chief justice.
NOT THE WAITING KIND
That General MacArthur would feel it incum-
bent upon him to direct the military in person,
not from his war department desk, anyone fami-
liar with his war record would have expected!.
At the second Marne battle, MacArthur, then
a colonel and chief of staff of the 42nd (Rainbow)
division, discovered that the Germans were fall-
ing back and dared order his division ahead with-
out awaiting orders. That's military classic and
Striking a balance
for a $4,OOO,OOO0,OOO industry
"On a large scale" describes account-
ing in the Bell System, whose properties
cost more than $4,000,000,000.
On the outgo side are, for example;
four or five hundred million dollars
annually for new construction; vast
sums for keeping telephone equipment
in good order; a payroll running into
hundreds of millions a year. Under in-
come are such diverse items as a few
cents for a local telephone call, or thirty
dollars and upward for a call to a city
across the Atlantic.
The men responsible for this phase of
the telephone busines§ have worked out
scientific methods of control-but their
effort to refine old practices and devise
new ones goes on. Theopportu I tyist/iere!