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July 17, 1931 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1931-07-17

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I
ESTABLISHED
1920

P

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t3lfrbigan

Iail

MEMBER OF THE
ASSOCATED
PRESS

1

VOL. XI, NO. 16.

FOUR PAGES

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 17, 1931

WEATHER: Cloudy, Showers

PRICE FIVE CENTS

FORC ED T O LAND
NEAR BUDAP EST
Gasoline Shortage Ends
3,200-Mile Journey
Short of Goal.
FLYERS UNHURT
IN FORCED DROP
Propeller Breaks When
Plane Is Grounded
on Rough Land.

Stimson's Aid I

BUDAPEST, Hungary, July 6
-(P)-Failing by only a few
miles to reach the goal of their
approximately 3,2oo-mile non--
stop flight from Harbor Grace,
Newfoundland, to Budapest,
Captain Alexander Magyar and
Captain George Endres were
forced to land the transatlantic
monoplane at Biscke, fourteen
miles from here, tonight.
Their last drop of gasoline ex-
hausted, they landed the ship in
rough ground along a railroad track
at 7:40 p.m. (1:40 pm. eastern
standard time). They had covered
approxmately 3,200 miles over land
and4 sea In a little over 26 hours
and were almost in sight of their
goal when the tank ran dry.
Flyers Unhurt.
The propeller was broken in
landing, and one of the wings of
_.the plane .was damaged, but the
fliers themselves wre uninjured.
They crawled out of the plane grin-
ning broadly. Captain Magyar
walked.'
Theflyers took off from Harbor
Grace, Newfoundland at 11:18 a.m.
eastern standard time yesterday.
_They noticed a hole in the top of
their fuel tank and had to pour
out part of the precious gasoline
surplus to prevent greater leakage.
Welcome Enthusiastic. '
Special trains had transported
hundreds to Matyasold Airdome.'
By noon 100,000 persons had1
gathered at the airport and every
hour trains rolled in loaded to ca-
pacity.
The official welcoming commit-1
tee, modeling its plans on the
American style, had arranged to'
take the flyers by automobile along1
the principal streets of Budapest
to the city hall. This is an honor'
which never has been granted be-
fore..
Throughout Hungary those who
had lost hope that a flight of this
kind ever would be made are filled
with unbounded enthusiasm for
the "Justice to Hungary" has be-
come a symbol of the trials and
disasters through which the nation]
has passed.1
__THREEtTO AD D RESS
D)r. GUdakufst, Miss Goodrkb,
Dr. Dick to Give Taks
at Session Today.
The third Public Health institute
specially desned for public health
workers, visiting nurses, public
school administrators, health Edu-
cation teachers, and soial workers,,
will begin at 9 o'clock today in the
West Medical building under the
presidency of Dr. R. B. Howard,
director, district health department
No. 1, Children's Fund of Michigan.
Students enrolled in the Summer
Session may attend the institute
without payment of any fee, it was
announced.!
"City Health Service" will be the
subject of an address by Dr. Don W.
Gudakunst, director of S c h oo1
Health Service of Detroit. Dr.
Gladys H. Dick of the scarlet fever
committee of Chicago will discuss
"Scarlet Fever." Miss Annie W.
Goodrich, dean of the School of;
Nursinig of Yale university will1
speak on "The Yale Schol of
Nursing." The prevention of heart.
disease and the normal diet will al-

Harvey H. Bundy,
of Boston, Mass., has succeeded the
late Joseph P. Cotton as Assistant
Secretary of State. He was photo-
graphed at his desk in Washington
as he took over his new post as an
aide to Secretary Stimson.
DOAK SCORES ALIEN
DEFENSESOCIETIES
Assails 'Un-American' Methds
of Attempting to Block
Deportation.
ALEXANDRIA, Va., July 16-(IP)
-Secretary Doak today denounced
as "un-American" those organiza-
tions which, he said, attempt to
prevent the deportation of 'aliens
who advocate "the annihilation of
our democratic form of govern-
ment."
Speaking before the Alexandria
Kiwanis club, across the Potomac
river from Washington, the secre-
tary of labor said he could not un-
derstand "these precious ones"
whose slogan seems to be "America
last" and who "love every country
but their own."
Despite their opposition, Doak re-
called, the labor department in the
last fiscal year deported 18,000
aliens who proved undesirable or
who had entered the country il-
legally.
"Many of these aliens," he said,
"were affiliated with organizations
whose announced purpose it is to
overthrow the government of the
United States by force and vio-
lence. i
"It is to prevent the deportation
of aliens of this kind that the
energies of certain individuals and
societies are directed. Here are
pedsons and societies in this coun-
try who sneer at the word 'patriot-
ism'. They believe and preach
that. a man has a right to advocate
by speech or by writing the annihi-
lation of .our democratic form of
government, and to go untouched
by the law.
"It has been a puzzle to me al-
ways to learn upon what ground
these organizations and these in-
dividuals base their reasoning.
There is nothing American in it.
nothing democratic. They aid
these preachers of violence in their
appeal to the courts, and then if
the courts uphold the order of de-
portation, they rescend upon the
department of labor with this plea
or that plea for a change in the
order."
Students Will View
Detroit Institutions
More than 60 students are ex-
pected to go on the fifth Summer
Hession excursion tomorrow, Carle-
ton F. Wells, secretary of the Ses-
sion and director of the trip, said
last night.
The excursionists' will tour De-
troit, seeing the Detroit News plant,
Belle Isle, the Fisher building and
the WJR studios, the Detroit In-
stitute of Arts, and the Public Li-
brary.
Reservations for the tour will still
be available until 5 o'clock tonight
in the Summer Session office,.Uni-

OR.\\W. B. HINSDALE
TALKS ONINDIAN'S
ORIGINALLIFE HERE
state Archxilogist flnds EarW
Amerinds Settles Neu*
Fishiig Regions.
TRACES USES OF PPI
Tobacco Was First riiployed for
Ceremonial Purposes,
Says Lecturer.
"Indian population was concen-
trated in the best fishing sections
of the State of MicLigan," Dr. Wil-
bert B. Hinsdale, custodian of Mich-
igan archaeology, said yesterday in
an illustrated lecture at the Natural
Science auditorium, "In shallow
bays, like Saginaw bay where the
waters were full of sturgeon and
other large fish the Indian did his
fishing," Dr. Hinsdale said.
Describes Economy.
It is estimated that a hundred
square miles of land are needed
to support fifty persons in a state
of savage economy, Dr. Hinsdale
explained, but in a small portion
of Wisconsin and Minnesota where
the Indians grew corn or harvested
wild corn, hunted game and fished
the population was as large as con-
tained in the surrounding five
states.
Tobacco Ceremonial.-
"The Indian thought of the earth
as mother and never took out any
plants from the earth without put-
ting something back into the
ground and he did not conceive of1
other animals living on the earth
as "the lower animals", Dr. Hins-
dale explained, "for he had a feel-"
ing of oneness with all nature."
"Neither did the Indian use tobacco;
in the manner that we do; he used
it to solemnize vows and for relig-"
fous and social occasions", Dr. Hins-
dale said, "the puffing on a friend-
ly pipe was like the notary's seal on
a document for the Indian."
Among the archaeology collec-
tIons of the state there is a tract
of land of 25 acres where the In-;
dian method of planting of corn;
is preserved, Dr. Hinsdale said.
Four Killed as Two
Planes Crash in Ai
SAN ANTONIO, July 16-()-
Three officers and one flying cadet
were killed four miles south of
Brooks Field today when the two
planes in which they were flying
collided in the air.
All four were on duty at Brooks
Field. They were Maj. Charles V.
Hart, flight surgeon and pilot,
Capt, Carlos J. Chamberlain of
New York City, Lieut. K. Austin
Rogers, flying instructor, and Ca-
det Endicott Longacre.
HEAT WAVE IMOVES
Hottest Jaly 15 in Chicago i
Recored; M hIgn '
Hard Hit.

CHICAGO, July 16.-('P)-With
no relief in sight, the middle-west
settled down today to earnest swel-
tering.
Southwest winds were whipping
baking temperatures from Nebras-
ka and Kansas toward Illinois, Wis-
consin, Indiana and Michigan.
Wednesday was Chicago's hottest
July 15 on record. It outdid 1887's
mark by 1 degree. by reaching 97.
Chicago's weather was matched
and beaten throughout the middle-
west. Aberdeen, S.D., had the high-
est, 114; Pierre, S.D., had an o31i-
cial reading of 111, the highest in
its history; Minneapolis and Dan-
ville, Ind., had 102; Springfield, Ill,
100; LaCrosse, Wis., 100; St. Louis,
Kansas City, Davenport, Ia., and
Peoria, Ill., 98.
Scattered storms failed to break
the new heat, wave in Michigan.
There were- scattered deaths
caused by heat: Chicago, 4; down-
state Illinois, 1; Minnesota, 2;

Two Ministers Leave
Country for
Weekend.
M'DONALD VISIT
TO CAPITAL OFF
Payrolls Met; Savings
Accounts Still
Closed.
BERLIN, July z6--()-Ex-
traordinary diplomatic develop-
ments in Paris and London today
snarled the week-end program of
Chancellor Bruening and Foreign
Minister Curtius, making it
necessary for them to leave Ger-
many during the height of the'
financial crisis.
Telephone lines linking Berlin,
buzzed all day, with the upshot
that the visit of Prime Minister
McDonald and Foreign Secretary
Henderson to the German capitol
was called off.
Meanwhile Germany waspcheered
by one factor and depressed by an-
other. Arrangements to meet to-
morrow's payroll were completed
and the nation's banks, closed for
two days by President Von Hinden-
burg's decree, were reopened, but
they turned away large crowds of
sullen and money-hungry deposi-
tors, for they were not permitted
to pay out funds held in savings
accounts.
The cabinet busied itself with
the preparation of new decrees
which were expected to be made
public late tonight. Police chiefs
throughout the nation took meas-
ures to prevent the repetition of
communist riots. In Breslau de-
positors stormed the municipal
savings bank and became so men-
acing a large force of police was
called out. Last night outbreaks
occurred in Leipzig, Gelsenkirchen,
Inschwerte, Munich, Hamburg, Al-
tona, Dresden, and Karlsruhe. In
each case the authorities succeeded
in quelling the disorders.
IiLOM

Threatens Force

Statesmen Will Convene
in Paris; Unrest Grows
as Germany Holds Funds

Fantasy of Hungarian Tough
Noted as Dramatist's
Best Work.

Is

Adolph Hitler,
Fiery Fascist leader of Germany,
has declared himself ready to seize
power, by force if necesary, to
save Germany from Bolshevism in
its present economic crisis. Hitler
announced that the Geiman people
are frantic over the financial chaos
and that they're ready for any ex-
periment to save themselves from
ruin.
LONDON GATHERING
TO VIEW_ FINANCES
Preparations for Conference of
World's Major Powers
Are Rushed.
LONDON, July 16.-(lP)-Arrange-
ments moved forward rapidly to-
night for the extraordinary con-
ference here Monday e v e n i g
among the ministers of Great Brit-
ain, France, the United States, Ger-
many, Belgium, Italy, and Japan to
seek a formula by which central
Europe may be eased of its eco-
nomic travail.
Plans for the Monday conference,
the greatest gathering of statesmen
of the great powers since the post-
war treaty days, forced an eleventh
hour abandonment of the much ad-
vertised good-will visit of Prime
Minister MacDonald and Foreign
Secretary Henderson to Berlin.
The United States is expected to
be represented at the Monday con-
ference by Secretary of State Stim-
son, who is in Paris; Secretary of
the Treasury Mellon, now on the
Riviera; and Hugh Gibson, Ameri-
can Ambassador to Belgium, who
arrived from Brussels last night to
participate in a meeting of the
Young plan experts which convenes
tomorrow.
Mr. MacDonald, Mr. Henderson,
and Philip Snowden, chancellor of
the exchequer, will be the British
representatives. Mr. MacDonald
probably will preside.
Semi-officially, it was stated the
conference would deal principally
with economic matters and was
made necessary by the growing
seriousness of the German crisis.
Emphasis would be placed, it was
said, on measures to prevent dif-
ficulties similar to those of Ger-
many from spreading over the rest
of Europe.
In authoritative quarters it was
also learned the political phases of
the crisis would be discussed.'There
was widespread expectation that
Germany might come prepared to
make certain political concessions
in order to get credit to stabilize
her economic position.
Invitations to the nations which
will participate in the conference
were issued at 1 a.m. today. By
tonight Japan was the only one to
accept formally, but other accept-

Laval Announces That
Major Diplomats
Will Attend.
LONDON MEETING
TO BE OPPOSED
Proposal to Be Known
as 'French Plan,
Premier Says.
PARIS, July i6-(P)-A con-
ference of major statesmen which
will include Chancellor Heinrich
Bruening and Foreign Minister
Curtius of Germany will be held
here Saturday to discuss Ger-
many's financial situation, it was
announced tonight by Premier
Laval.
Secretary of State Henry L.
Stimson of the United States and
Foreign Minister Arthur Henderson
of Great Britian will participate in
the conference which, according to
Premier Laval's announcement,
will discuss the question of finan-
'cial guarantees for credit to be ex-
tended to Germany and also "meas-
ures of political appeasemtn."
Communique Issued.
The announcement that the con-
ference would be held Saturday was
made by Premier Laval through a
communique issued after a session
of the French cabinet this after-
noon.
Premier Laval made it clear the
plan for financial aid to Germany
will be discussed as a "French plan"
and it was understood this accords
with the views of Secretary Stim-
son and Mr. Henderson, who went
over it during the two hours of
this morning's meeting.
To Oppose Meeting.
One phase in the communique
which the French premier issued
tonight aroused intense interest.
The phase was "measures of polit-
ical appeasement." This was re-
ported to refer to a formula which
was evolved by the premier at the
cabinet meeting in order to bring
together the opinions of the mem-
bers.
Premier Laval left no doubt in
the minds of newspaper men who
talked to him tonight that France
has decided to oppose the London
meeting, at least until after the fi-
nancial and political conversations
with German statesmen in Paris
have reached concrete results.
CHiIL NAUGURATES
DEBT MORATORIUM
Premier Blanquier Says Nation
Must Deposit Payments
for July Locally.
SANTIAGO, Chile, July 16.-(P)-
The world depression and disor-
ganized markets for minerals and
nitrates took their long-expected
toll in Chile today. Premier Blan-
quier anounced a moratorium on
the foreign debt at least until Aug.
1.
In two statements by the pre-
mier, two days after he assumed
office, and one by the Banco Cen-
tral, it was announced that for the
remainder of July interest and ser-
vice charges on foreign obligations
estimated to aggregate $2,040,000,
would be deposited locally instead

of being sent abroad and. that after
Aug. 1 a decision would be made as
to future payments.
The Banco Central statement dis-
cussed the general financial situa-
tior a andsaid "this step is painful
for a nation which up to the pres-
ent day has complied exactly with
its obligations, but it is indispen-
sable at the present moment."
The action affects thousands of
holders of Chilean bonds, mainly
in the United States and England,
who must await temporarily the

"Liliom," current production of
the Repertory players, will close its
run after two more performances,
those of tonight and Saturday
night.
The play is known as Ferenc Mol-
nar's most succesful work. It is a
fantasy of life in Hungary, the
strange romance of a tough who
embodies the best and worst qual-
ities of humanity.
"It is a pensive and sanguine
comedy which picks up a bit of
human riffraff in the debris of Bu-
dapest, and so trists and turns it
that you can catch the glint of
gold in it," Alexander Wollcott said
in the New York Times.
.

American League

Cleveland 9, New York 8
Athletics 5, Detroit 3
Washington 5, Chicago 4
game, wet grounds)
St. Louis 2, Boston 1
National League
Pittsburgh 12, Phillies 8
St. Louis 5, Brooklyn 0
Chicago 5, New York 2

(second

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