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July 16, 1931 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1931-07-16

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VOL. XI, NO. 15.



WEATHER: Fair, Warmer


Magyar, Endres Start Atlantic
Hop in Plane, 'Justice
of Hungary.'

Aviators Believed Far Out
Sea, in Absence of Radio
Message From Ship.

Flint Man Awaits
Flyers in Hungary
FLINT, July 15-(IP)-Over in
Budapest, Hungary, Emil Salay,
retired Flint sausage manufact-
urer, awaits the arrival of George
Endres and Alexander Magyar,
Hungarian fliers, in the plane
in which he has invested $30,000
as his pay end of what he terms
"a debt of gratitude" to the land
of his birth. Salay, 58 years old,
met the fliers in Detroit a year
ago and heard of their hopes to
make a grand gesture of patriot-
ism toward their native land by
a flight from Detroit to Buda-
pest. Salay agreed to, under-
take the flight, bought the plane
and financed the preparations
for the trip.
So this flight in the Lockheed-
Sirius low wing monoplane will
be his remembrance of his
fatherland.. He named the plane
"Justice for Hungary" to call the
attention of the world, by the
flight if it succeeds, to Hungary's
position among the nations af-
ter the World war.I

Play Production Offers 'Liliom'
as Third Summer Presentation


HARBOR GRACE, Newfoundland,
July 15.-()-Two Hungarian army
reserve officers, Alexander Magyar
and George Endres, today joined
the small group of aviators who
have atempted the west-to-east
crossing of the Atlantic. They took
off in the aeroplane, the "Justice of
Hungary," at 1:48 p.m., Newfound-
land time (11:18 a.m. eastern stan-
dard time) for Budapest, and in
the absence of radio reports were
believed to be far out at sea to-
The Hungarians had a wireless
on board and said they would send
the call letters KHNZA on six hun-
dred meters every hour if they be-
lieved it necessary. Weather re-
ports just prior to the takeoff indi-
cated the flyers would have favor-
able winds over most of their route,
but a dangerous ceiling formed by
dense clouds might impede their
Not Too Optimistic.
Magyar and Endres were inform-
ed of the atmospheric conditions by
Dr. James H. Kimball, New York
weather bureau meteorologist, be-
fore leaving Harbor Grace. They
were not too optimistic about the
weather conditions, it was indicated
by Endres, who said, "We hope
everything will be OK and the
storm will finish before we get to
Light rain fell here soon after the
takeoff, and the wind had shifted
to the northwest from the west.
Reports from points along the
western and southern coasts of Ire-
land indicate fine weather is await-
ing Endres and Maygar, a message
from Dublin stated.
Gets Good Start.
The "Justice of Hungary" got
away to a good start considering
the heavy load of gasoline on board.-
Much difficulty was experienced by
a mechanic in starting the motor,
but after it had been warmed up
for about forty minutes everything
mechanical was pronounced satis-
The object of the flight, Endres
and Maygar had previously said,
wdas to call the attention of the
world to what they termed wrongs
done Hungary after the World war
in the division of territory.
Their food supply included ham,
chicken and tomato candwiches,
two quarts of ice water, two quarts
of black coffee and a score of choc-
olate bars.
Important Institutions Will Be
Inspected on Fifth Summer
Session Excursion.
Visits to many of the important
institutions in Detroit will feature
the fifth Summer Session excursion
One of the chief points of interest
which the students will see is the
Detroit News plant, where the pro-
cess of making a large metropoli-
tan daily newspaper will be in-
A trip through the center of the
city and a view of Grand Circus
park will be followed by a complete
tour of Belle isle. The students
wll be carried throughout the ex-
cursion by the same bus used for
the trip from Ann Arbor.
Reservations must be made be-
fore 5 o'clock tonight in the Sum-

mer Session office, University hall,
Carleton F. Wells, secretary of the
Summer Session and director of
the excursion, said yesterday. The
tntal expense for the tour. includ-

Two Decrees Will Be Published
Simultaneously in Paris
and in Moscow.
Measure to Check 'Dumping' by
Russia and Retaliatory
Act Abrogated.
PARIS, July 15. - (A)-Regular
economic relations between France
and Soviet Russia will be re-estab-
lished tomorrow by publication of
two decrees simultaneously in Paris
and Moscow.
!'he first abrogates one promul-
gated by France October 3, 1930,
which was designed to check Rus-,
sian dumping. The second deal9
with the retaliatoy measures taken
by the Soviet subsequent to the
French action, at which time com-
mercial exchanges between the two
countries virtually ceased.
The semi-official news agency
said: "This first step will doubtless
result in permitting the Franco-
Russian negotiators to pursue in a
more favorable atmosphere the dis-
cussions begun in Paris June 5 in
order to reach accord."

Commercial Education Growing,
Specialist From Interior
Department Says.
"Collegiate education for busi-
ness is growing far more rapidly
than higher education in general,"
said Prof. John 0. Malott, specialist
in commercial education in the De-
partment of the Interior, yesterday
afternoon. "Although the collegi-
ate schools of commerce are among
the most recently organized divi-
sions of the universities, they are
in many instances the largest of
the professional schools."
Continuing further, Professor
Malott said that perhaps the great-
est potential force at the close of
the decade is the movement toward
scientific curriculum investigations
in measuring the needs for busi-
ness training and improving teach-
ing procedures.
"The growth of American busi-
ness in size and complexity as well
as the increasing ramifications of
internabional trade warrants the
best professional training that can
be devised. The need is for a con-
tinuing, capable leadership trained
in the social implications and tech-
nical phrases of business," he con-
Island's Language Has Changed
Little During Thousand
Years, He Says.
"If Iceland and Greenland were
to exchange names, both would be
more properly named," said Prof.
Frederick W. Peterson of the de-
partment of English, in an illus-
trated lecture yesterday. Iceland is
in fact the land of fire, having
been of volcanic origin, with 107
extinct volcanoes, innumerable
guysers and hot springs.
"The Icelanders are a story lov-
ing and story telling people, fond of
their literature to such an extent
that their language has undergone
less change in a thousand years
than other languages do in half
that time," Professor Peterson con-
tinued. According to William Mor-
ris, who translated some of the Ice-
landic classics into English, the
literature of Iceland was unparral-
leled in the twelfth and thirteenth
centuries after the Roman litera-
ture in England and France in the
sixteenth century, Professor Peter-
son said.
The people of Iceland are mainly
Scandanavian with a slight celtic
mixture, the island being first
settled by Norwegian chieftains in
874 A. D., said Professor Peterson.
"The liberal government of Den-
mark, to whom the country now be-
longs, in 1902 gave a great measure
of freedom to Iceland but there

Questions Ability of System
Improve Conditions for


Working Class.
"Reformists maintain that there,
is no solution of the labor unrest,
within the capitalist system, but
the challenge to socialism is,
whether it can provide more ade-
quately for the demands of the
workers," said Prof. G. E. Bigge, of
Brown university, in a lecture be-
fore the Michigan Socialist club
Workers demand a better living,
more material goods, freedom from
wage slavery, equality and economic
justice, economic security, more
leisure, and if socialism proposes to
be a substitute for capitalism it
must provide for these demands ac-
cording to Professor Bigge.
"But socialism must harmonize
individual freedom and group wel-
fare; it must decide whether free-
dom to work or freedom from
work is more important. It is not
expedient for the movement to of-
fer to one group freedom, to an-
other leisure, to another attractive
work, and to all an abundance of
goods which con not be secured
simultaneously with all or any of
the other goods," Professor Bigge
said. {
Vallee's Mother Dies
After Year's Illness
WESTBROOK, M., July 14-(AP)-
Mrs. Charles A. Vallee, mother of
Rudy Valleee, died today at her
home here. Members of the family,
including the radio crooner and his
brother William, who flew here
from New York, were with her at
the end. Mrs. Vallee was 61 years
Vallee left his bride of a week,
the former Fay Webb, in New York,
when he made his hurried trip to
his old home. The mother had
been ill for a year. .
Fresh Air Camp Drive
Nets More Than $350
More than $351 was netted by
the drive conducted for the Fresh
Air camp, Theodore Honrberger,
director, announced last night.
This is $100 more than has ever
before been collected in a summer
drive. Hornberger said, and camp

A Review by George W. Priehs.
There is much to be said in hav-
ing a good play adequately staged,
in preference to having a poor play
well done. Play production should
be congratulated on doing "Liliom."
It is by far one of the most inter-
esting f this summer's prduc-
tions, althought its actual presenta-
tion may well serve those interested
in producing as a text book for
errors to be avoided.
"Liliom" is a vivid drama of
those who live on bread, stew, and
cheap wine. Its characters are
those who are not spoiled by
psuedo-culture and sophistication.
The emotions creating the drama
are near the primitive, controlled
not by the intellect but by intense
If Mr. Windt understood this, he
failed in his last night's produc-
tion to convey this to his audience.
The chief fault being his inability
to make Miss Chapel, who played
the maltreated, inarticulate, peas-
)ant wife of "Liliom" feel emotions
that she tried exteriorly to convey.
Not once did she rise to the in-
tense dramatic reaction that Mol-
nar created for his heroine. She
was not the sympathetic Julie, but
always Eugenie Chapel in a drab
Austrian serving girls' costume.
Harry Allen was "the capable
Mr. Allen" as "Liliom". Unfortun-
ately the title role required a bit
more than capable acting. It re-
quired a sympathetic understand-
ing of the character of a tough.
The actor to be an unforgettable
Liliom must have weeks of study.
Mr. Allen is to be congratulated
for his serious approach. The only
regret is that the production had
to be rushed in order to fill sched-
ule, costing Mr. Allen a wonderful
"Liliom" is a play that cannot,
be hastily done. The mistake that
Play Production made was that
they did not save it for the winter
season. It would have given Mr.
Windt an opportunity to study
thoroughly the intricate script, to
cast his play more intelligently, to
work out the difficult shadings and;
thythms, in short to produce "Lil-
iom" as it deserves to be produced.,
Wickersham Commission Assails
Law Which Sentenced
Two in Bombing.-
WASHINGTON, July 15-(/P)-
The Wickersham commission today,
denounced as "shocking to one's
sense of justice" the laws under
which the famous Mooney-Billings
case was conducted.
Embedded deep in a formal re-
port to President Hoover on meth-
ods of criminal procedure, the com-
mission cited the case arising from
the 1916 Preparedness day bomb-
ing in San Francisco as one in
which motions for a new trial
F'were held inadequate to prevent
It made no direct recommenda-
tion, however, that the case be re-
In the body of its report, signed
by 10 of the 11 members, the com-
mission concluded that blame
should be laid at the door of "in-
competent, weak or politics-ridden
judges" for much of the general
complaint against this country's

/eriminal procedure.
It presented a plea that the pub-
lic insist upon the complete divorce
of the administration of justice
from politics and that the selection
of judges and magistrates be made
upon the ground of conspicuous fit-
ness alone.
Educators to Sponsor
Dance Tomorrow Night
The, Women's and Men's Educa-
tion clubs are jointly sponsoring
a dance to be held from 8:30 to 12
o'clock tomorrow evening in the
gymnasium of the University High
school, Prof. Thomas A. Diamond
announced yesterday. All educa-

PARIS, July 15.-(P)--The Ger-
man financial crisis will be faced
as a world problem at a "conference
of six" which will take place there
-at 11 a.m. tomorrow, presided over
by Premier Pierre Laval. Present
at the conference will be Secretary
Henry L. Stimson, Foreign Secretary
Arthur Henderson of Great Britain,
Foreign Minister Aristide Briand,
Finance Minister Etienne Flandin,
and American Ambassador Walter
E. Edge.
Three important interviews to-
day prepared the way for tomor-
row's one-day conference.
Briand was reported to have in-
formed Secretary Stimson that
France asks no political guaran-
tees from Germany before extend-
ing further financial aid, but ac-
cepts a gesture from Germany
showing a willingness to help her-
Castle Says Nation Will Keep
Out of Politics in Giving
Aid to Germany.



'America drew aloft tonight from
.all political considerations in con-
nection with the German finan-
cial situation.
Acting Secretary Castle of the
State department said the United
States would not allow itself to be
involved in any political situation
in the extension of economic as-
sistance to Germany.
The French government, he add-
ed, has contended it did not ask
directly for political considerations
in connection with financial aid
asked by Germany. Press dis-
patches from Europe earlier in the
week said France had made politi-
cal demands on Germany through
Hans Luther, head of the Reichs-
bank, when he talked with French
officials in Paris.
The acting secretary asserted
that he thought it unlikely that
other countries would extend credit
to Germany before that nation
took steps toward domestic econ-
omic adjustment. He expressed a
belief that the American federal
reserve system would extend credit
to Germany only in concert with
all interested banking sources, in-
cluding the bank of France.
Conference Members
Visit Ford Factories
Members of the British and
American Students Conference on
International Affairs visited the
River Rouge Ford plant yesterday.
Final commission meetings of the
Conference will be held today.
Following the completion of the
work in commission, the reports
will be considered tonight, tomor-
row morning, and Saturday morn-
ing in plenary sessions of the con-
ference, and resolutions will be
acted on formally.
The last open meeting will be
held at 8 o'clock tomorrow night
in the Grand Rapids room of the
American League
New York 4, Cleveland 4.
Chicago at Washington, rain.
Athletics 5, 11, Detroit 3, 0.
Boston 5, 2, St. Louis 4, 5.
National League
Pittsburgh 4, Phillies 2.

Laval Heads 'Big
Conference at



Banks to Be Reopened
Today for Major
BERLIN, July r5-(P)-The
government tonight clamped
down drastic regulations cover-
ing traffic in foreign currency
and at the same time announced
that the banks of Germany will
be reopened tomorrow but only
for such essential purposes as the
withdrawal of money for payrolls
and tax obligations and the un-
employment dole.
Both these measures were an-
nounced to the country over ra-
dio by a government broadcaster
who appealed to those discom-
moded by the bank closure to show
"a sporting spirit and get along
somehow for a few days more."
The government's action came a
few hours after the Reichsbank had
lowered the forty per cent coverage
on currency required by law, there-
by releasing millions of marks to
ease the credit situation created by
heavy withdrawals of foreign cur-
rency during recent weeks.
Discount Rate Raised.
The Reichsbank also raised its
discount rate from seven to ten per
cent and boosted the rates on loans
against collateral from eight to fif-
teen per cent, both measures being
taken to keep the expanded cur-
rency down to the actual neds of
the nation and to forestall infla-
The decree affecting foreign cur-
rency, also read over the radio, re-
stricts buying and selling of the
Reichsbank and its duly appointed
agents. It prohibits the quotation
of any but official rates of exchange
which will be determined in Berlin.
The decree also forbids publica-
tion of unofficial stock and bond
quotations as well as all trading in
foreign exchange futures.
Jobless Withhold Protest.
The fact that no serious disturb-
ances had been reported tonight in
connection with the scheduled na-
tion-widedprotest bynthe jobless
against dole reduction brought a
degree of reassurance to uneasy
Fears also were quieted by an an-
nouncement to the press by Her-
mann Goering, national socialist
member of the Reichstag, that the
Nazis positively were planning no
pitsch. He said all reports to that
effect were lies.
Asserting he was speaking on be-
half of the Adolf Hitler Nazi move-
ment, Herr Goering said, "Common
sense should convince anyone that
the party needs only to sit back
and wait until the situation inevit-
ably gets so bad the nation will
spontaneously demand Hitler rule."
Downward Movement Attributed
to Recall of Capital by
Nations of World.
LONDON, July 15-(IP)-The
pound sterling fell below $4.84 to-
day on the New York exchange,
the lowest point recorded since
Great Britain returned to the gold
standard in the spring of 1925.

Similar s umps in sterling oc-
curred in Paris, Amsterdam, on the
Swiss exchange, and in other con-
tinental financial centers.
The downward movement was
attributed to the general calling
home, of capital by the United
States and European countries due
to the world's uncertainty and anx-
iety to cover commitments in cen-
tral Europe.
Big movements in the bullion

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