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July 07, 1931 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1931-07-07

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THE SURI.MER MI IIGAN DAILY

TUESDAY , 3ULY' ?, 1931

THE SUMMER MICHIGAN DAILY TUESDAY, JULY 7, 1931

Ir 0u mmtxir
Published every morning except Monday
during the University Summer Session by the
Board in Control of Student Publications.
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled
to the use for republication of all news dis-
patctes credited to it or not otherwise credited
in this paper and the local news published
herein. Al rights o! republication of speeiai
dispatches herein are also reserved.
Entered. at the Ann Arbor, Michigan, post.
office as seond class matter.
Subscription by carrier, $1.60; by mail,
$1.76.
Offices: Press Building, Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, Michigan.
ToI phones: Editorial, 4925; Businsss
2-1214.
EDITORIAL STAFF
MANAGING EDITOR
HAROLD O. WARREN, JR.
Editorial Director........... Gurney Williams
City Editor..... . ......... Powers Moulton
News Editor...............Denton Kunze
Music, Drama, Books .... William J. Gorman
Women's Editor........... Eleanor. Rairdon
Sports Editor............p... H. Beukema
Telegraph Editor..............L. R. Chubb
Night Editors

Denton Kunzae
John Bunting
Helen R. Cam
C. W. Carpent4
Edgar Eckert
Barbara Hall
Edgar Hornik

Powers Moulton
Gurney Williams'
AssIstants
Charles C. Irwin
'm Susan Manchester
er Carl Meloy
Sher M. Quraishi
Edgar Racine
Theodore Rose
P. Cutler Showers

BUSINESS STAFF
BUSINESS MANAGER
WILLIAM R. WORBOYS
Assistant Business Manager ,. Vernon Bishop
Circulation acoaunts Manager .. Ann Verner
Contracts Manager............. Carl Marty
Advertising Manager ........ ..Beach Conger
Assistants
-Corbett FranklinsRalph Hardy
Don Lyon
TUESDAY, JULY 7, 1931
Night Editor-GURNEY WILLIAMS

HOOVER'S PROJECT

President Hoover's moratorium
project seemingly met with the ap-
proval, or - at least agnosticism, of
everyone save the French govern-
ment and the Hearst papers, when
it was made public two weeks ago.
In essence it appeared admirably
designed to accomplish its purpose:
to save Germany from economic
and perhaps political collapse, and
therefore preserve the rest of the
world from the possibilities of a
new and worse period of depression.
The purpose of the plan, as the
President explained it, was to give
debtor nations a holiday in order
that they might recover their
national proserity. The United
States would forego one year's
principal and interest payments,
totaling $245,000,000 from Britain,
France, Italy, and the lesser allied
powers, provided the allies would
collectively forego a total of $385,-
000,000 in reparations from Ger-
many under the Young Plan for
one year. To this the French nat-
urally objected on the grounds that
the plan did not insure a resump-
tion of Germany's payments at the
end of the year of grace; further,
they seemed horrified at the sug-
gested temporary abandonment of
the Young Plan which two years
ago provided for permanent Ger-
man reparations.
Differences of opinion were un-
doubtedly expected by President
Hoover when he formualted the
plan; full accord could not have
been hoped for without compro-
mises. Recent negotiations via
trans-Atlantic telephone through
Mellon, Edge and Stimson have
marked a hectic period of adjust-
ment, and whether adequate al-
terations can be made without
stripping the moratorium plan of
its original value remains to be
seen. However, according to act-
ing Secretary Castle of the state
department, "No misgivings" are
being experienced by the American
government that the plan will be-
come effective; and it is hoped that
the next few days will iron out the
major difficulties.
Certainly, every effort should be
made speedily to line up the details
satisfactorily for all parties con-
cerned so that Congress, when it
meets December 7, will be in a po-
sition, and favorably inclined, to
accept the plan in time to post-
pone the war debt payments due
the following week.
For nearly 'two years the world
has been wallowing around in an
economic stew that needs drastic;
cures, and if the moratorium plan1
can bring about some degree of1
normalcy, it is to be heartily sup-
ported. Those who look to Hoover
as a man who could and should in-:
vent a cure-all for our business de-
pression have at least something
on which their minds can chew.
If the plan does not completely1
solve the problem it will at leastI
go a long way toward lightening the
terrific burden imposed on foreign]
nations by war's expensive toll; and
with Europe in a better business
condition, it follows that condi-
tions throughout the world will be]

Campus Opinion
Contributors are asked to be brief,
eonfning themselves to less than 300
w ords if possible Anonymous com-
munications will be disregarded. The
names of communicants will, however,j
be regarded as confidential, upon re-
gdert. Letters published should not be
construed as expressing the editorial
opinion of The Daily.
PROFESSOR POLLOCK
ANSWERS
To the Editor:'
I realize from hard experience
the futility of arguing a question
involving nationalism with anyone,
however distinguished, who has
been born and bred in an area of
racial intermixtures. But Profes-
sor Pawlowski has been so extreme
in his comments, and so egregious-
ly wrong in many of his statements,
and so misrepresentative of my
views expressed in a recent lecture,
that I am constrained to reply to
his communications.
The thesis of my lecture was
simply this, that the area in ques-
tion is so disturbed and uneasy that
something must be done within a
reasonable time to bring forth a
satisfactory solution, otherwse there
is imminent probability of a ma-
jor conflagration. For this reason
I suggested an avenue of approach
toward an improvement of the sit-
uation under Article 19 of the Lea-
gue Covenant which states that
"the Assembly may from time to
time advise the reconsideration by
the Members of the League of
treaties which have become inap-
plicable and consideration of in-
ternational conditions whose con-
tinuance might endanger the peace
of the world." In the short time
allotted to me I endeavored to
show several segments of the prob-
lem which, in the eyes of most com-
petent observers, constitutes a set
of "conditions whose continuance
might endanger the peace of the
world."
Without racial bias and with a
knowledge of the factors involved,
I visited the region about which I
was talking as recently as last Sep-
tember. I was given unusual oppor-
tunities by both Polish and Ger-
man officials to make the observa-
Lions and collect the data I de-
sired to have. My opinions, there-
fore, are not spun out of prejudice
but are based on thoughtful study
of a shelf of documents and books
which I have in my possession, and
on observations and conversations
on the ground. In my lecture I en-
deavored primarily to relate my im-
pressions, and my distinguished
critic blows hot and cold over sev-
eral chance sentences instead of re-
futing the major points which I
set forth, namely, that (1) the
boundary was not fixed in a satis-
factory way; (2) that the Vistula
has been neglected by the Poles;
(3) that the stipulations of the Ver-
sailles treaty with regard to access
to the river have been evaded; (4)
that the Danzigers with an over-
whelming majority opinion are dis-
satisfied with the present arrange-
ment; (5) that East Prussia is in,
a critical economic situation; and;
(6) that bitter feeling exists throug-;
out many parts of the area.
These points and many others
which could easily have been men-
tioned constitute a case for con-
sideration by anyone interested in'
peace. It is idle for anyone to de-
ny that this area is "a sore spot."
I sincerely feel that the situation;
in this area constitutes a serious

danger to the peace of Europe. Pro-
fessor Pawlowski's protestations to
the contrary are an unconscious
confirmation of this view. I have
never heard the statement denied
except by Poles who desire to make
the rest of the world think that
everything is rosy. Germans on both
sides of the Corridor are appre-
hensive lest another expedition
like the one against Vilna should be
conducted against them. Poland
is controlled by a military dicta-
tor, and reasonable persons in dis-
interested countries find much in
the writings of representative Poles
which lead them to believe that
Poland has not yet satisfied her ter-
ritorial desires.
Of course Poland did not official-
ly take part in the Peace Confer-
ence but she was represented there
and the claims put forth on her
behalf envisioned a far greater Po-'
land than now exists. Why should
a Pole insist that "the majority of
the population of East Prussia is
still Polish?" Why should a Pole
declare that the whole area is pre-
dominantly Polish not merely in
racial background but also in sen-
timent? It leads one to think that{
the next step is to include all areas
predominantly Polish in a larger3
Poland. It is one thing to say that
an area is Polish in origin and
quite another to say that it desires1
to change its nationality. The
Poles claimed that both the Mari-

OASTED ROLLY
MUSIC
AND
DRAYMA

Mr. W.J.G.-whoever that may be
-is going to tell you a little about
the forthcoming Play Production,
Don Juan ... at least we'll just bet
a cookie he does tomorrow if not
today, for he does get rather put to
it at times to fill up this old column.
Anyway, he's liable to do that,
and since he is, we're going to tell
you a little about the externals of
the production. The play, it seems,
is just another vehicle for that old
clothes horse, Alan Handley, who
appeared with such great success
in fifty yards of gold fringe and
several bolts of velvet last season
in The Three Musketeers.
Mr. Handley was somewhat awed
when this little item of costumery
was first broached in the conver-
sations prior to definite rehearsals.
He is said to have gasped, "Aw
hell" when he first saw the cos-
tume designs.
By rights, of course, this column
should have nothing to do with the
theatre, since Mr. W.J.G. and Miss
Helen Carrm-at least there's lit-
tle doubt who she can be-have free
play with the thing in their cor-
ners. But we felt that an eye to
costumes should be lent by some
body this week. And here we are.
F * *
One thing we looked forward to
this summer was having a car to
drive during the summer session.
Some deceptive cad told us that it
was much easier to get a driving
permit in the summer than in the
winter, since the administration
didn't have any particular animad-
version to student driving when it
is for innocent purposes such as
driving out for a swim or some
such.
So with considerable difficulty we
pursuaded the family to loan us
the old broken down hack out be-
hind the barn to take to school with
us. Which was an excellent idea,
except that now-after filling out
reams of information blanks and
bartering away our very life with
inmost confidences and family se-
crets-we discover that we can't
get a permit until we INSURE the
damned crate against accident.
Some day we want a job as presi-
dent of the school for college deans
-man and women.
WINNIE
"indisputably Polish" but plebe-
scites gave the areas to the Ger-
mans by overwhelming majorities
of 80 percent. Certainly Professor
Pawlowski knows that the Cash-
ubes and the Masures, although re-
sembling the Poles in language,
somewhat as the Dutch resemble
the Germans, cannot be counted as
Poles in any scientific ethnograph-
ic study. It is true that the racial
intermixtures in the region are so
complicated that even a plebescite
in 1919 would have shown much
confusion. But why are historical
and ethnographic reasons the most
important? Is the Corridor to be
defended on economic grounds?
Scholars and statesmen today are
not so certain as my critic about
the justice and correctness of the
principles embodied in the Treaty
of Versailles. I have been wonder-
ing for some time whether Ver-
sailles has been a blessing or a
curse. Regardless of right or
wrong, peace has a right to a cer-
tain priority over national claims.
The Poles cannot expect the Ger-
mans to observe the treaty of Ver-
sailles when it is against German
interests, if the Poles disregard the
treaty when it is in favor of Ger-
man interests.
I should like to have Professor

Pawlowski's information about the
"dozen similar corridors of which
four are right here in this coun-
try," and where it is that he finds
"numerous international arrange-
ments of the corridor type" which
"function to the satisfaction of
everybody concerned."
I do not believe in exaggerating
difficulties, but I think that nothing
is to be gained by glossing over un-
pleasant facts. Probably the most
competent American observer of
European conditions has recently
written: "Let even an unobservant
traveller pass a night in Thorn, or
Bromberg in the Corridor, or in
Danzig or Marienwerder on the
German rim of it, and he will real-
ize what life has become for ethnic
minorities." Perhaps this question
is insoluble, but much improvement
can be brought by a peaceful rec-
tification of boundaries to accord
more closely to natural and econ-
omic lines, and by a faithful ob-
servance of existing treaty obliga-
tions.
James K. Pollock,
Associate Professor of

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Cash and Carry
Hats
Ladies' and Gents'
Felts and Straws

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